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 Results 651 - 700 of 3047 < 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 > 651 Liu Enuo - - 2012 Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus 2038 (L. bulgaricus 2038) is a bacterium that is used as a starter for dairy products by Meiji Co., Ltd of Japan. Culturing L. bulgaricus 2038 with whey as the sole nitrogen source results in a shorter lag phase than other milk proteins under the same ... 652 Hunter William J - - 2012 We investigated the conversion of ferulic acid to 4-vinylguaiacol (4-VG), vanillin, vanillyl alcohol, and vanillic acid by five Enterobacter strains. These high-value chemicals are usually synthesized by chemical methods but biological synthesis adds market value. Ferulic acid, a relatively inexpensive component of agricultural crops, is plentiful in corn hulls, cereal ... 653 Ma Fang - - 2012 Sialic acids (Sias) mediate many biological functions, including molecular recognition during development, immune response, and fertilization. A Sia-rich glycocalyx coats the surface of sperm, allowing them to survive as allogeneic cells in the female reproductive tract despite female immunity. During capacitation, sperm lose a fraction of their Sias. We quantified ... 654 Bizukojc Marcin - - 2012 The effect of the initial pH value of the cultivation medium on lovastatin (mevinolinic acid) biosynthesis by Aspergillus terreus ATCC20542 was studied. It was found that if the pH value of the broth is acidic, the direct chromatographic assay of mevinolinic acid leads to the underestimated values. Thus, the equilibrium ... 655 Sun Lijun - - 2013 An efficient preparative separation of polyphenols from thinned young apples (TYA) has been developed in the present study. X-5 resin was verified to offer the best adsorption capacity and desorption ratio for total polyphenols among the eight macroporous resins investigated. Influential factors, such as pH value and concentration of feeding ... 656 Zhang Zuhui - - 2012 Acids in command: The asymmetric formation of pyrroloindolines with adjacent quaternary and tertiary carbon centers has been achieved through catalysis by a chiral phosphoric acid. Starting from readily available tryptamine, both Michael products and amination products were obtained in high yields and enantioselectivities. The significance of this study was further ... 657 Ahn Joon-Woo - - 2012 Microalgae are a potential resource for biodiesel production. A green alga, Chlorella sp., was isolated from Arctic sea ice, which was named ArM0029B. These algae displayed faster growth at a wide temperature range of 4-32°C compared to Chlorella vulgaris. ArM0029B also accumulated high levels of total fatty acids under nitrogen ... 658 Tokumoto Hayato - - 2012 High-loading glycerol containing slight amounts of five different monosaccharides was inoculated with seed sludge obtained from a methane fermentation reactor. The use of different monosaccharides as fermentation promoters resulted in changes in fermentation types; in particular, glucose induced the formation of 1,3-propanediol. After 9days incubation with glucose, glycerol levels had ... 659 Tsujikawa Kenji - - 2012 We report a case of seized crystalline methamphetamine (MA) samples showing unique drug profiles. The samples were mainly composed of (S)-(+)-MA, with each containing a slight amount of (R)-(-)-MA (enantiomeric excess: 99.2-99.4%). 1-Phenyl-2-propanol and N-methyl-2-phenylacetamide were detected as characteristic impurities. These analytical results suggested that the samples were synthesized as ... 660 Ouoba L I I - - 2012 AIM: To investigate physicochemical characteristics and especially genotypic diversity of the main culturable microorganisms involved in fermentation of sap from Borassus akeassii, a newly identified palm tree from West Africa. METHODS AND RESULTS: Physicochemical characterization was performed using conventional methods. Identification of microorganisms included phenotyping and sequencing of: 26S rRNA ... 661 Hall Nicolette G - - 2013 In most cited food composition studies and tables, the proximate system measures protein as total nitrogen (N) (determined by Kjeldahl or Dumas method) multiplied by a specific factor. A factor of 6.25 is used for determining total protein from total N (Jones, Munsey, & Walker, 1942). Although more expensive, it ... 662 Motta Antonella - - 2012 Silk fibroin fibres from two different sources, Bombyx mori pure-breed silkworms and polyhybrid cross-bred silkworm cocoons, were treated with formic acid under planar stirring conditions to prepare non-woven nets. The treatment partially dissolved the fibres, which bound together and formed a non-woven micrometric net with fibres coated by a thin ... 663 Zito Ester - - 2012 Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) thiol oxidases initiate a disulfide relay to oxidatively fold secreted proteins. We found that combined loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding the ER thiol oxidases ERO1α, ERO1β, and PRDX4 compromised the extracellular matrix in mice and interfered with the intracellular maturation of procollagen. These severe abnormalities were associated ... 664 Dubey Vinay - - 2012 Probiotics with ability to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is considered as an additive health benefit property for its known role in colon cancer mitigation. The conversion involves the biohydrogenation of the unsaturated fatty acid into conjugated form. Probiotic strain Pediococcus spp. GS4 was efficiently able to biohydrogenate linoleic acid ... 665 Freitas Cláudia - - 2012 Bioethanol produced from lignocellulosic materials has been considered a sustainable alternative fuel. Such type of raw materials have a huge potential, but their hydrolysis into mono-sugars releases toxic compounds such as weak acids, which affect the microorganisms' physiology, inhibiting the growth and ethanol production. Acetic acid (HAc) is the most ... 666 Sakamaki Kensuke - - 2012 In a previous work, we identified 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol as an off-flavor compound formed from ascorbic acid and (E)-hex-2-enal in a test apple beverage. In this study we elucidate the pathway by which 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol formed. Isotope labeling studies revealed that the propyl group of 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol derives from (E)-hex-2-enal and that 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol contains ... 667 Mamede Ana Catarina - - 2012 Vitamin C, available in its reduced form (ascorbic acid; AA) and in its oxidized form (dehydroascorbic acid; DHA), may act in physiological conditions as an antioxidant or pro-oxidant. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of pharmacological doses of AA in a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell ... 668 Averick Saadyah Eliezer - - 2012 Cationic nanogels with site-selected functionality were designed for the delivery of nucleic acid payloads targeting numerous therapeutic applications. Functional cationic nanogels containing quaternized 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate and crosslinkers with reducible disulfide moieties (qNG) were prepared by activators generated by electron transfer (AGET) atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) in an inverse miniemulsion. ... 669 Huang Fong-Chin - - 2012 Plants produce short-chain aldehydes and hydroxy fatty acids, which are important industrial materials, through the lipoxygenase pathway. Based on the information that lipoxygenase activity is up-regulated in tobacco leaves upon infection with tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), we introduced a melon hydroperoxide lyase (CmHPL) gene, a tomato peroxygenase (SlPXG) gene and ... 670 Yadav Krishna K - - 2012 Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) produced by a biofilm-producing bacterium Acinetobacter junii BB1A were characterized. Purified EPS on analysis revealed neutral sugar (73.21 %), uronic acid (10.12 %), amino sugars (0.23 %), α- amino acids (11.13 %), and aromatic amino acids (1.23 %). Infrared spectrometry revealed the presence of hydroxyl, carboxyl, and amide groups. The average ... 671 Chen Fei - - 2012 A plant fibrous-bed bioreactor (PFB) was constructed for propionic acid production. Sugar cane bagasse was applied to the PFB as immobilizing material. Starting at a concentration of 80g/L of glucose, Propionibacterium freudenreichii CCTCC M207015 produced 41.20±2.03g/L of propionic acid at 108h in the PFB. The value was 21.07% higher than ... 672 Li Xinping - - 2012 The effects of pretreatment by dilute acid and sulfite pretreatment to overcome recalcitrance of lignocellulose (SPORL) on substrate morphology, cell wall physical and chemical structures, along with the subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis of lodgepole pine substrate were investigated. FE-SEM and TEM images of substrate structural morphological changes showed that SPORL pretreatment ... 673 Ohashi Masao - - 2012 We previously demonstrated that the α-benzylphenylpropanoic acid-type PPARγ-selective agonist 6 exhibited a reversed stereochemistry-activity relationship, that is, the (R)-enantiomer is a more potent PPARγ agonist than the (S)-enantiomer, compared with structurally similar α-ethylphenylpropanoic acid-type PPAR agonists. Here, we designed, synthesized and evaluated the optically active α-cyclohexylmethylphenylpropanoic acid derivatives 7 and ... 674 Kolmakov Kirill - - 2012 Fluorescent dyes emitting red light are frequently used in conventional and super-resolution microscopy of biological samples, although the variety of the useful dyes is limited. We describe the synthesis of rhodamine-based fluorescent dyes with absorption and emission maxima in the range of 621-637 and 644-660 nm, respectively and demonstrate their high ... 675 Ruddle Paul P - - 2012 Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] oil typically contains 2-4 % stearic acid. Seed oil with 20 % stearic acid would be useful for solid fat applications, both for its cooking properties and health benefits. Breeding lines with high stearic acid have been developed, but many suffer from agronomic problems. This study identifies ... 676 Boonburapong Bongkoj - - 2012 Glutamate is a major free amino acid in cyanobacteria, but its transport properties remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that a halotolerant cyanobacterium, Aphanothece halophytica, contained a sodium dependent glutamate transporter (ApGltS). The deduced amino acid sequence of ApGltS exhibited low homology (18-19% identity) to GltS from Synechocystis ... 677 Jordan Maria Jose - - 2012 The importance of the diterpenic and rosmarinic acid content on the biological activities of rosemary extracts has been previously studied, but, how the relationship between the concentration of these components affects their antioxidant and antibacterial activities has received little attention. Accordingly, from a total of 150 plants, 27 methanolic extracts ... 678 Takehara Munenori - - 2012 A novel esterase showing activity specific for esters of aryl-carboxylic acids was discovered in Sporosarcina sp. nov., which was identified by the 16S rDNA sequencing method in addition to morphological and physiological analyses. The aryl-carboxylesterase (named EstAC) was purified 780-fold from crude cell extracts by a 5-step procedure. EstAC was ... 679 Barbehenn Raymond V - - 2012 The essential amino acids (EAAs) arginine, histidine, lysine, and methionine, as well as cysteine (semiessential), are believed to be susceptible to reactions with reactive oxygen species (ROS) in biological systems. The decreased availability of these EAAs could harm insect nutrition, since several of them can also be limiting for protein ... 680 Sainio Tuomo - - 2012 Processing of hemicelluloses obtained with pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE) from Scots pine to monosaccharides and other chemicals was investigated experimentally. A process scheme consisting of ultrafiltration, acid hydrolysis, and chromatographic separation was proposed and evaluated. A two-stage ultrafiltration was found necessary for efficient fractionation of the wood extract. It ... 681 Ishimoto Masaya - - 2012 Amino acid analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells indicated that neutral amino acids such as glycine and alanine were probably excluded from the vacuoles, and that vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) was involved in the vacuolar compartmentalization of these amino acids. We found that vacuolar membrane vesicles export neutral amino acids in an ... 682 Zhou Guisheng - - 2012 Two new fatty alcohols named as (7S,8R,11S)-nonacosanetriol (1) and (10R,12R,15S)-nonacosanetriol (2), along with eight known compounds including ginkgolic acid (3), hydroginkgolic acid (4), sciadopitysin (5), ginkgetin (6), isoginkgetin (7), ginkgolide A (8), ginkgolide B (9) and ginkgolide C (10) have been isolated from the petroleum ether extract of Ginkgo biloba ... 683 Ma Siwei - - 2012 An excellent biosensor with ZnO nanowires-gated AlGaAs/GaAs high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) was used to detect lactic acid. Due to the new structure, addition of the Si-doped GaAs cap layer, the HEMT biosensor could detect a wide range of lactic acid concentrations from 0.03 nM to 300 mM. The novel ... 684 Turner Charles Dylan - - 2012 The Ti(IV)-catalyzed Ugi condensation of α-amino acids with electron-rich aromatic aldehydes performs adequately even with sterically demanding α-amino carboxylate salts. The reaction occurs diastereoselectively, in some cases with virtually complete diastereoselectivity. A stereochemical rationale for the reaction is proposed. 685 Pham Thi Thanh Thuy - - 2012 A new approach for the determination of free and total valproic acid in small samples of 140μL human plasma based on capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection is proposed. A dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction technique was employed in order to remove biological matrices prior to instrumental analysis. The free valproic acid ... 686 Wang Feng - - 2012 Tyrosine 66 of a green fluorescent protein (GFP) was substituted with unnatural amino acids carrying boronate, azido, nitro, and keto substituents. In general, the ${\lambda _{{\rm{em}}}^{{\rm{max}}} }$values of these GFP mutants is blue-shifted relative to that of GFP, and the fluorescence intensity of the boronate variant increases upon oxidation. The ... 687 Kuwahara Hideharu - - 2012 It is generally thought that the terrestrial atmosphere at the time of the origin of life was CO(2)-rich and that organic compounds such as amino acids would not have been efficiently formed abiotically under such conditions. It has been pointed out, however, that the previously reported low yields of amino ... 688 Kuralay Filiz - - 2012 A new nanomotor-based target isolation strat-egy, based on a 'built-in' recognition capability, is presented. The concept relies on a poly(3-aminophenylboronic acid) (PAPBA)/Ni/Pt microtube engine coupling the selective mono-saccharide recognition of the boronic-acid-based outer polymeric layer with the catalytic function of the inner platinum layer. The PAPBA-based microrocket is prepared by ... 689 Abe Masato - - 2012 1-O-cis-cinnamoyl-β-d-glucopyranose is one of the most potent allelochemicals isolated from Spiraea thunbergii Sieb. It is suggested that it derives its strong inhibitory activity from cis-cinnamic acid, which is crucial for phytotoxicity. It was synthesized to confirm its structure and bioactivity, and also a series of cis-cinnamic acid analogues were prepared ... 690 Hulikova Alzbeta - - 2012 Acid-extrusion by active transport is important in metabolically-active cancer cells, where it removes excess intracellular acid and sets the intracellular resting pH. Hypoxia is a major trigger of adaptive responses in cancer, but its effect on acid-extrusion remains unclear. We studied pH-regulation under normoxia and hypoxia in eight cancer cell-lines ... 691 Knerr Patrick J - - 2012 Lantibiotics are ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide natural products that contain the thioether structures lanthionine and methyllanthionine and exert potent antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. At present, detailed modes-of-action are only known for a small subset of family members. Lacticin 481, a tricyclic lantibiotic, contains a lipid II binding ... 692 Mackay Vanessa A - - 2012 Obesity and excessive lipolysis are implicated in preeclampsia (PE). Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with low maternal body mass index and decreased lipolysis. Our aim was to assess how maternal and offspring fatty acid metabolism is altered in mothers in the third trimester of pregnancy with PE (n=62) or intrauterine ... 693 Wu Xiao-Feng - - 2012 (C), its (O)K! An efficient palladium-catalyzed carbonylative synthesis of 2-alkylbenzoxazinones has been developed. By starting from 2-bromoanilines and acid anhydrides, the corresponding products were isolated in good yields. 694 Zhang Lisha - - 2012 d-Galacturonic acid is the most abundant monosaccharide component of pectic polysaccharides that comprise a significant part of most plant cell walls. Therefore, it is potentially an important nutritional factor for Botrytis cinerea when it grows in and through plant cell walls. The d-galacturonic acid catabolic pathway in B. cinerea consists of ... 695 Kim Jong Min - - 2012 The present study investigated the mechanism of the chiral recognition of the resolving agent (L-phenylalanine) to the chiral isomers (D/L-mandelic acid). According the NMR analysis, the distinctive chemical shifts of between two diastereomer crystals (L-mandelic acid-L-phenlyalanine and D-mandelic acid-L-phenylalanine) were observed even though there was no difference of the chemicals ... 696 Whittaker Paul - - 2012 Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive human pathogen that is responsible for serious infections in immunocompromised individuals and pregnant women. Because of recent epidemics caused by food contaminated with L. monocytogenes, rapid methods for the detection of this pathogen in food are of interest. Capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection ... 697 Yim Soon-Ho - - 2012 Activity profiling of the n-BuOH extract from Cimicifuga heracleifolia rhizomes led to the identification of three cytotoxic caffeic acid derivatives, carboxymethyl isoferulate (2), cimicifugic acid A (3), and cimicifugic acid B (4) together with a series of structurally related inactive compounds. The extract was separated by time-based fractionation in a ... 698 Kainz Kerstin P - - 2012 Two new natural compounds, (1R,2E)-2-(6-hydroxyhexylidene)cyclopropyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) and (6E)-6-[(2R)-2-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)cyclopropylidene]hexanoic acid (2), glucosides of a very rare methylidenecyclopropane alcohol, as well as two known glycosides of phenolic acids, namely 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcaffeic acid (3) and (E)-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylcoumaric acid (4), and methyl α-fructofuranoside (5) were isolated for the first time from the rhizomes of the tree ... 699 Rosal A - - 2012 Compost made from municipal solid waste (MSW) contains heavy metals that can interfere with the use of organic amendment in soil. In order to find effective ways to reduce the potential risk of heavy metals, we have investigated a novel approach by use of organic acid during MSW composting. Citric ... 700 Elsayed Khaled N M - - 2012 Extracts of four species of seaweeds, Ulva lactuca L. (green), Liagora farinosa Lamouroux (red), Padina pavonia L. and Turbinaria ornata Turn (brown), were screened for their antimicrobial, and antimalarial activities, and binding affinity for human opioid receptors. Phytochemical analysis led to the isolation and identification of 10 constituents: fucosterol, stearic ... < 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >