Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 4208
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Cheng Chao - - 2013
Asymmetric synthesis of (R,R)- and (S,S)-1,8,9,16-tetrahydroxytetraphenylenes was achieved from starting material (2R,3R)-butane-2,3-diol and (2S,3S)-butane-2,3-diol respectively by utilizing a center-to-axis strategy. A series of crown ether compounds 20, 24, 25 and their corresponding enantiomers derived from chiral tetrahydroxytetraphenylene were synthesized in enantiomerically pure forms. Enantiomeric recognition properties of these hosts towards ...
Adamczyk-Wo┼║niak Agnieszka - - 2013
Catechol esters of ortho-methoxyalkylphenylboronic acids have been synthesized and characterized by (17)O NMR spectroscopy. The results were compared with the data for the parent acids. The influence of intramolecular and intermolecular hydrogen bonds on the properties of the boronic acids has been discussed. The (17)O NMR data for the boronic ...
Oral Rasim Alper - - 2014
Several techniques have been used for hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) detection in foods. Most of these involve the protein hydrolysation step process to determine the presence of organic acid with heat treatment. The affinity and separability of HMF to/from some proteins were exhibited in this study. Also, the dependency of HMF level ...
Takaishi Makoto - - 2013
A biosynthetic gene cluster for the 24-membered macrolactam antibiotic incednine was identified from the producer strain, Streptomyces sp. ML694-90F3. Among the putative incednine biosynthetic enzymes, a novel pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent β-glutamate-β-decarboxylase, IdnL3, was functionally characterized in vitro by demonstrating its (S)-3-aminobutyrate-forming activity with β-glutamate in the presence of PLP. Because ...
Mitani Takahiko - - 2013
The fruit of mume, Japanese apricot (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), was evaluated for its phenolics content, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) profile and antioxidative activities. The phenolics content of mume fruit was relatively high, the flesh of fully matured fruit containing up to 1% of phenolics on a dry ...
Li Yang - - 2013
The human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (hIAPP) is the major constituent of amyloid deposits in pancreatic islets of type-II diabetes. IAPP is secreted together with insulin from the acidic secretory granules at a low pH of approximately 5.5 to the extracellular environment at a neutral pH. The increased accumulation of extracellular ...
Senger Nicholas A - - 2013
An improved method for the synthesis of N1-substituted orotic acid derivatives is reported. The method involves sequential incorporation of nitrogen atoms to the pyrimidine structure from simple starting materials and thus allows the synthesis of N1-substituted orotic acid derivatives with single (15)N label at either N-1 or N-3.
Saha Rumpa - - 2013
Picolinic acid, 2,2'-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline promoted Cr(VI) oxidation of d-galactose to d-galactonic acid in three representative aqueous micellar media has been studied. The anionic surfactant (SDS) accelerated the rate of reaction while the cationic surfactant (CPC) and neutral surfactant (TX-100) retarded the reaction rate. Combination of bipy and SDS is ...
Barber Elizabeth - - 2013
Storage of fat into lipid droplets (LDs) is the key step in adipogenesis. Previously the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3PUFA) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; C20:5n-3) has been shown to suppress LD formation, yet the actions of other n-3PUFA is unknown. Here, we examined the impact of the three major long chain ...
Montaser Rana - - 2013
Novel bioactive lipids were identified from a Guamanian cyanobacterium, the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing inhibitor pitinoic acid A (1) and the anti-inflammatory pitinoic acids B (2) and C. The structure of 2 was confirmed by synthesis, which also allowed for biological evaluation. Since 2 is an ester of pitinoic acids ...
Fujisawa Nozomi - - 2013
There are two arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) isoforms in birds, AhR1 and AhR2. The varying sensitivity of AhR is reported to be related to two critical amino acids at positions 325 and 381 in the AhR1 ligand-binding domain. In this study, seven avian species whose in vivo dioxin sensitivity was known, ...
Tsushima Yu - - 2013
Obesity is often accompanied by hyperuricemia. However, purine metabolism in various tissues, especially on uric acid production, has not been fully elucidated. Here we report using mouse models that adipose tissue could produce and secrete uric acid through xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), and the production was enhanced in obesity. Plasma uric ...
Niedermaier Inga - - 2013
A mechanistic study: In a Brønsted acid/base reaction, gaseous triflic acid (OTfH) transfers its proton to the basic Cl(-) anion of the ionic liquid [C8 C1 Im]Cl forming volatile HCl and the IL [C8 C1 Im][TfO]. This anion exchange reaction is monitored in the near-surface region quantitatively by X-ray photoelectron ...
Yang Cuiyue - - 2013
A series of fatty acids in microalgae oil, such as stearic acid, palmitic acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, arachidic acid and behenic acid, were selected as the raw materials to produce aviation fuel via hydrothermal decarboxylation over a multi-wall carbon nanotube supported Pt catalyst (Pt/MWCNTs). It was found that Pt/MWCNTs ...
Pradhan Roshan - - 2013
In the present study, we developed novel docetaxel (DTX)-loaded polylactic acid-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) using the combination of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and poloxamer 407, the anionic and non-ionic surfactants respectively for stabilization. The NPs were prepared by emulsification/solvent evaporation method. The combination of these surfactants at weight ratio ...
Noh Hwa Jung - - 2013
We report the synthesis of biogenic silver nanoparticles using chlorogenic acid as a bioreducing agent. Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenol compound abundant in coffee. UV-Vis spectra showed the characteristic surface plasmon resonance band at 415 nm, indicating the successful synthesis of biogenic silver nanoparticles. Spherical and irregular shaped nanoparticles were ...
Huber Dirk - - 2013
Massive transfusion (MT) can cause severe electrolyte and acid-base disturbances in neonates and infants due to the unphysiological composition of packed red blood cells (PRBCs). Washing of the PRBCs using Cell Saver systems prior to MT is recommended for this reason. The composition of normal saline (NaCl), the standard wash ...
Prawatsri Saowanee - - 2013
Investigation of the constituents of the whole plant of Hyptis suaveolens led to the isolation of three new abietane diterpenes, isosuaveolic acid (1), 8α,9α-epoxysuaveolic acid (2), and 14-O-methylsuaveolic acid (3), together with eleven known compounds. The structures of 1-3 were established by spectroscopic methods and chemical correlations. Some isolates were ...
Al-Harrasi Ahmed - - 2013
A new boswellic acid derivative, 11α-ethoxy-β-boswellic acid (EBA; 1) and a new ursane-type triterpene, named nizwanone (2), were isolated from Omani frankincense Boswellia sacra Flueck. together with two known compounds papyriogenin B and rigidenol. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analysis using (1) H- and ...
Reina Raquel - - 2013
The physicochemical and sensory properties of 30 dry-cured hams and 30 dry-cured shoulders were analyzed to determine the relationships between them. The variables used to characterize both products were: compositional parameters, instrumental texture, amino acid and fatty acid composition, and sensory profile. Despite being products from the same animal and ...
Athanasakis Georgios - - 2013
Abstract The fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Lactarius salmonicolor (Russulaceae) collected from the wild were extracted with solvents of increasing polarity and evaluated for their antioxidant capacity by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging method. Additionally, their total phenolic content was evaluated by a modification of the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The methanol ...
Furtado Ricardo A - - 2013
Biotransformation of 16alpha,17-epoxy-ent-kaurane-19-oic acid (1) by Beauveria sulfurescens ATCC 7159-F led to the production of a new ent-kaurane diterpenoid, 7beta,17-dihydroxy-ent-kaur-15-en-19-oic acid (7), and four other ent-kauranes (8 - 11), all of which were identified as their methyl esters. Compounds 9 and 10 were found to be new stereoisomers. Structures of ...
Song Qin - - 2013
In an effort to identify hemostatic components from Liparis nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl. using a bioactivity-guided fractionation approach, the n-BuOH extract was found to promote ADP-induced platelet aggregation and two compounds were isolated from the active extract. Compound 1 was a new nervogenic acid glycoside and the structure was elucidated as ...
Gaivelyte Kristina - - 2013
Our research aim was to investigate the quantitative composition of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, rutin, hyperoside and isoquercitrin in leaves and fruit of introduced rowan plants to Lithuania using a HPLC method. In leaf and fruit samples, quantitative estimation of neochlorogenic acid (in leaf samples 1.11-11.49 mg/g, in fruit samples ...
Mosley Luke M - - 2013
Large-scale exposure of acid sulfate soils during a hydrological drought in the Lower Lakes of South Australia resulted in acidification of surface water in several locations. Our aim was to describe the techniques used to monitor, assess and manage these acidification events using a field and laboratory dataset (n = 1,208) of ...
Pasquina Lincoln W - - 2013
The relentless spread of antibiotic-resistant pathogens makes it imperative to develop new chemotherapeutic strategies to overcome infection. The bacterial cell wall has served as a rich source for both validated and unexploited pathways that are essential for virulence and survival. Lipoteichoic acids (LTAs) and wall teichoic acids (WTAs) are cell ...
Zhang Fang - - 2013
Gasification of waste to syngas (H2/CO2) is seen as a promising route to a circular economy. Biological conversion of the gaseous compounds into a liquid fuel or chemical, preferably medium chain fatty acids (caproate and caprylate) is an attractive concept. This study for the first time demonstrated in-situ production of ...
Figueiredo-González M - - 2014
Sweet wines are traditionally elaborated in Galicia (the N.W. corner of Spain). The denomination of origin (DO) Valdeorras, one of the five DOs in Galicia, wants to promote the production and marketing of new sweets wines. The first one is made with dried red grapes Vitis vinifera L. Garnacha Tintorera ...
Park Eul-Soo - - 2013
Isopropylamine is an ideal amino donor for reductive amination of carbonyl compounds by ω-transaminase (ω-TA) owing to its cheapness and high volatility of a ketone product. Here we developed asymmetric synthesis of unnatural amino acids via ω-TA-catalyzed amino group transfer between α-keto acids and isopropylamine.
van Berkel Sander S - - 2013
β-Lactam antibiotics react with penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) to form relatively stable acyl-enzyme complexes. We describe structures derived from the reaction of piperacillin with PBP3 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) including not only the anticipated acyl-enzyme complex, but also an unprecedented complex with (5S)-penicilloic acid, which was formed by C-5 epimerization of the ...
Cattoor Ko - - 2013
In this study, the in vitro metabolism of hop-derived bitter acids was investigated. Besides their well-known use as bitter compounds in beer, in several studies, bioactive properties are related to these types of molecules. However, scientific data on the ADME aspects of these compounds is limited. More specific in this ...
Bedics Matthew A - - 2013
Chalcogenopyrylium monomethine dyes were prepared via condensation of a 4-methylchalcogenopyrylium compound with a chalcogenopyran-4-one bearing a 4-(diethoxyphosphoryl)phenyl substituent (or the phosphonic acid derivative). The dyes have absorbance maxima of 603 - 697 nm in the window where the solar spectrum is most intense. The dyes formed H-aggregates on TiO2, increasing ...
Fu Xiaobo - - 2013
Biodiesel production from microalgae is recognized as one of the best solutions to deal with the energy crisis issues. However, after the oil extraction from the microalgae, the microalgae residue was generally discarded or burned. Here a novel carbon-based solid acid catalyst derived from microalgae residue by in situ hydrothermal ...
Hanashima Shinya - - 2013
Oligo/polysialic acids consisting of consecutive α(2,8)-linkages on gangliosides and glycoproteins play a role in cell adhesion and differentiation events in a manner that is dependent on the degree of polymerization (DP). Anti-oligo/polysialic acid antibodies often have DP-dependent antigenic specificity, and such unique antibodies are often used in biological studies for ...
Kumari Rajni - - 2013
The paper deals with the exploitation of Ipomoea carnea as a feedstock for the production of bioethanol. Dilute acid pretreatment under optimum conditions (3 %H2SO4, 120 °C for 45 min) produced 17.68 g L(-1) sugars along with 1.02 g L(-1) phenolics and 1.13 g L(-1) furans. A combination of overliming and activated charcoal adsorption facilitated the removal of 91.9 % ...
Barbé Florence - - 2014
This study aimed at determining the kinetics of milk protein digestion and amino acid absorption after ingestion by six multi-canulated mini-pigs of two gelled dairy matrices having the same composition, similar rheological and structural properties, but differing by their mode of coagulation (acidification/renneting). Duodenal, mid-jejunal effluents and plasma samples were ...
Mantzourani I - - 2014
Sourdough breads prepared with kefir grains resulted in appearance of rope spoilage at the 15th day of bread storage, while the control samples (sourdough breads prepared with wild microflora) were spoiled approximately at the 7th day. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis confirmed the above macroscopic observation since Bacillus spp. ...
Xiong Xu-Jie - - 2013
A MEKC method with LIF detection has been developed for the determination of seven neurotransmitter amino acids using 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl-8-(N-hydroxysuccinimidyl butyric ester)difluoroboradiaza-S-indacene as the labeling reagent. After derivatization at room temperature for 30 min, the seven target neurotransmitter amino acids including glycine, alanine, γ-aminobutyric acid, taurine, glutamine, glutamic acid and aspartic ...
Nie Zhi-Kui - - 2013
A three-stage fermentation strategy was designed for efficient arachidonic acid (ARA)-rich oil production by Mortierella alpina. The process at different stages by changing the components of medium was investigated. In the first stage, mycelia were inoculated in a nutrient-rich medium for rapid propagation. In the second stage, mycelia were collected ...
Obied Hassan K - - 2013
During the extraction of canola oil, large quantities of meal are produced. Extracting biophenols from Australian canola meal ACM adds value to otherwise a low value agro-industrial by-product. We studied biophenol content and the antioxidant activity of ACM, the impact of extraction conditions and varietal differences. Sinapine was the principal ...
Ahn Mija - - 2013
Here we report for the first time the synthesis of Histidine (His) derived lipo-amino acids having pendant lipid tails at N(τ)- and N(π)-positions on imidazole group of His and applied it into synthesis of lipo-peptides. The attachment of His-derived lipo-amino acid into the very short inactive cationic peptides endows potent ...
O'Gorman Aoife - - 2013
The use of metabolomic based techniques to aid oocyte and embryo selection has gained attention in recent years. Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that the 1H NMR based metabolic profile of follicular fluid correlates with oocyte developmental potential. Patients undergoing IVF at the Merrion Fertility Clinic had follicular ...
Lu Yan - - 2013
Abstract Context: The diethyl ether extract of the stems of Schisandra pubescens Hemsl. et Wils. (Schisandraceae) was found to exhibit cytotoxic activity in vitro. However, investigations of the bioactive constituents of this plant have been very limited. Objective: Elucidation of the cytotoxic constituents of S. pubescens was performed. Methods: Repeated ...
Nakashima Anna - - 2013
Green leaf volatiles (GLVs) consisting of six-carbon aldehydes, alcohols, and their esters, are biosynthesized through the action of fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase (HPL), which uses fatty acid hydroperoxides as substrates. GLVs form immediately after disruption of plant leaf tissues by herbivore attacks and mechanical wounding, and play a role in ...
Borase Hemant P - - 2013
The present work provides scientific support on the use of latex of Ficus carica to synthesize stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). AgNPs synthesized immediately after the addition of latex to silver nitrate solution at room temperature. Synthesized nanoparticles were of spherical shape with average size of 163.7 nm. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ...
Yang X-Y - - 2013
To evaluate the possibility of elephant grass acid hydrolysate converting into bacterial cellulose (BC) produced by Gluconacetobacter xylinus CH001 and to characterize the morphology and structure of the cellulose produced. Acid-hydrolysed and detoxified elephant grass acid hydrolysate was inoculated with G. xylinus CH001. After 14 days of static fermentation, about 6·4 g l(-1) of ...
Wolf Matthew Bernard - - 2013
A cellular compartment was added to our previous mathematical model of steady-state acid-base and fluid-electrolyte chemistry to gain further understanding and aid diagnosis of complex disorders involving cellular involvement in critically-ill patients. An important hypothesis to be validated was that the thermodynamic, standard free-energy of cellular H(+) and Na(+) pumps ...
Chen Jinhui - - 2013
New phenstatin-fatty acid conjugates have been synthesized and tested against the KB-3-1, H460, MCF-7 and HEK293 cell lines, with an increase in anti-proliferative activity being observed at the micro-molar level paralleling an increase in un-saturation in the fatty acid component.
Noisier Anaïs F M - - 2013
An efficient synthesis of racemic or optically active α-amino acids by modified-Mitsunobu alkylation of a racemic or chiral glycine template from alcohols was developed. Libraries of amino acids were prepared in moderate to good yield with good to high enantioselectivity. This simple method widens the scope for preparation of structurally ...
Mamadalieva Nilufar - - 2013
In the present study, chloroform extract obtained from aerial parts of Scutellaria ramosissima was phytochemically investigated. A non-polar fraction was obtained from the chloroform extract and the chemical composition of this fraction was identified by GC-MS. The major components of the non-polar fraction of S. ramosissima were determined as heneicosane ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >