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Results 501 - 550 of 4189
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Du Dong-Ying - - 2013
A novel 3D hexadecanuclear heteropolyoxozincate organic framework, IFMC-200, has been successfully synthesized based on a late transition metal-oxygen cluster. IFMC-200 not only represents the first example of (3,4,24)-connected framework but also contains the first 24-connected single metal cluster in a crystal structure. It exhibits superior thermal stability, good water-stability, and ...
Curtis Daniel L - - 2013
Extracellular digestive processes were examined in the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister and the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, during hyposaline exposure. Both species are found in estuaries as adults, but vary in their ability to balance the cardiovascular and respiratory demands of concurrent osmoregulation and digestion. The weak osmoregulator, Cancer magister, ...
Shashkov Alexander S AS N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect, 47, Moscow 119991, Russian - - 2013
The cell wall of Actinoplanes lobatus VKM Ac-676(T) (family Micromonosporaceae; order Actinomycetales; class Actinobacteria) contains two anionic glycopolymers. The major one is a teichuronic acid with a linear structure of the chain and heterogeneous repeating units, consisting of glucopyranose residues and statistically alternating residues of diaminouronic acids having the d-manno,l-gulo ...
Maeda Megumi - - 2013
The β-xylosidase, which is active against plant complex type N-glycans, was purified to homogeneity from Ginkgo biloba seeds. The N-terminal amino acid sequence, G-S-A-A-G-N-R-, of the Ginkgo β-xylosidase (β-Xyl'ase Gb) was consistent with the deduced internal amino acid sequence of an Arabidopsis β-xylosidase (AtBXL1). β-Xyl'ase Gb hydrolyzed the β1-2 xylosyl ...
Wang Siyuan - - 2013
Sporotrichum laxum ATCC 15155 is the producing strain of the potent anti-Helicobacter pylori natural product spirolaxine (1). Investigation of the secondary metabolites in this fungus led to the isolation of five phthalides (1, 2, 3, 6 and 9) and five resorcylic acid derivatives (4, 5, 7, 8 and 10), among ...
Amagai Keita - - 2013
Cremimycin is a 19-membered macrolactam glycoside antibiotic based on three distinctive substructures: 1) a β-amino fatty acid starter moiety, 2) a bicyclic macrolactam ring, and 3) a cymarose unit. To elucidate the biosynthetic machineries responsible for these three structures, the cremimycin biosynthetic gene cluster was identified. The cmi gene cluster ...
Trautwein-Schult Anke - - 2013
Hyperuricemia and its symptoms are becoming increasingly common worldwide. Elevated serum uric acid levels are caused by increased uric acid synthesis from food constituents and reduced renal excretion. Treatment in most cases involves reducing alcohol intake and consumption of meat and fish or treatment with pharmaceuticals. Another approach could be ...
Yarman Aysu - - 2013
Make it simple: A molecularly imprinted electropolymer was combined with an enzyme in a catalytic biomimetic sensor that enabled interference-free detection of the drug aminopyrine (AP) at submicromolar concentrations in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid within 15 s. The sensor functioned by the peroxide-dependent conversion of AP ...
Nie Xiaohua - - 2014
The proteolysis in grass carp sausages inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum ZY40 and Pediococcus pentosaceus GY23 was investigated. As fermentation progressed, sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar proteins in both sausages were obviously degraded, and the proteolytic process was more intense in sausages inoculated with P. pentosaceus GY23. The increases in α-amino nitrogen, trichloroacetic ...
Yang Kui - - 2013
The specific locations of double bonds in mammalian lipids have profound effects on biological membrane structure, dynamics and lipid second messenger production. Herein, we describe a shotgun lipidomics approach that exploits charge-switch derivatization with N-(4-aminomethylphenyl) pyridinium (AMPP) and tandem mass spectrometry for identification and quantification of fatty acid double bond ...
Nikbin Nima - - 2013
Furan affairs: Electronic structure calculations of the homogeneous Brønsted acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of 2,5-dimethylfuran show that proton transfer to the β-position is rate-limiting and provides support that the hydrolysis follows general acid catalysis. By means of projected Fukui indices, we show this to be the case for unsubstituted, 2-, and 2,5-substituted ...
Paulucci Natalia S - - 2013
It has been reported that Ensifer meliloti presents a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acids and has a putative desaturase gene designated as PhFAD12 (National Centre for Biotechnology Information), encoding a putative Δ12 desaturase-like protein. In this work, we report the desaturation capacity and characterisation of this gene encoding the ...
Shinoda Mio - - 2013
Reaction of excited ketoprofen (KP) with tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr) in a phosphate buffer solution was studied by the transient absorption spectroscopy. Both amino acids, which would interact with KP in bovine serum albumin [Monti, S. (2009) Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 11, 9104-9113], accelerated the proton transfer reaction to ...
Gašić Uroš - - 2014
A total of 58 polyfloral honey samples from different regions in Serbia were studied to determine their phenolic profile, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity. UHPLC-LTQ OrbiTrap MS made possible the identification of 36 compounds: 24 flavonoids, two abscisic acids, and 10 phenolic acids and their derivatives. Quantification was done ...
Kim Jin Gook - - 2013
Blueberry fruits from 45 commercial cultivars (39 northern highbush and 6 half highbush blueberry) grown in Suwon, Korea were analyzed for fruit size, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, total anthocyanin content, total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity. Fruit characteristics varied widely among the 45 blueberry cultivars. Fruit weight ranged from ...
Ilahi Ikram - - 2013
The present research investigation was aimed at the evaluation of antioxidant activities of methanolic (70%) extracts of whole plant of Pentanema vestitum and fruits of Pistacia integerrima, Withiana somniferra and Withiana coagulans on scavenging of 2, 2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical. The rank of order of free antioxidant activity of the ...
Lorenz Peter - - 2013
Dog's mercury (Mercurialis perennis L.) is an old medicinal plant, nowadays used in complementary medicine. Aqueous fermented extracts of the plant are being mainly applied in remedies to treat external inflammations, but a thorough phytochemical characterization is still lacking. Therefore, the conversion of characteristic compound classes from M. perennis extracts ...
Svensk Emma - - 2013
C. elegans PAQR-2 is homologous to the insulin-sensitizing adiponectin receptors in mammals, and essential for adaptation to growth at 15°C, a low but usually acceptable temperature for this organism. By screening for novel paqr-2 suppressors, we identified mutations in genes involved in phosphatidylcholine synthesis (cept-1, pcyt-1 and sams-1) and fatty ...
Perković Ivana - - 2013
Abstract A convenient synthetic method for the preparation of novel NSAID twin esters 6a-i containing amino acid residue, urea and amide moieties has been developed. The synthetic pathway applied for the preparation of target compounds and key intermediates 1-benzotriazolecarboxylic acid chloride (1), NSAID benzotriazolides 2a-c and N-(1-benzotriazolecarbonyl)-amino acids 3a-d involved ...
Ragasa Consolacion Y CY Chemistry Department and Center for Natural Sciences and Ecological Research, De La Salle University, Manila 1004, Philippines. Electronic address: - - 2013
To investigate the chemical constituents of the stems, leaves and roots of Euphorbia hirta, and to test for the cytotoxic and antimicrobial potentials of the major constituents of the plant. The compounds were isolated by silica gel chromatography and their structures were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy. The cytotoxicity tests were ...
de Oliveira Raimundo Gonçalves RG Jr Center for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants (NEPLAME), Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, - - 2013
The antioxidant and photoprotective activities of dried extracts from the leaves of Encholirium spectabile were investigated. It was also evaluated the total phenolic and flavonoid contents by the Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride methods, respectively. Antioxidant activities of the extracts were evaluated by using of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) radical scavenging and β-carotene-linoleic ...
Yadav Shikha - - 2014
Gellan-thioglycollic acid conjugate was synthesized with the objective to improve its mucoadhesive properties. Synthesis of conjugate was confirmed by -SH stretch in the Fourier-transform infrared spectra at 2571cm(-1). It was found to contain 13.92mM of thiol groups/g of the conjugate. Thiolation of gellan gum was found to slightly increase its ...
Radkov Atanas D - - 2013
d-Amino acids are shown to play an increasingly diverse role in bacterial physiology, yet much remains to be learned about their synthesis and catabolism. Here we used the model soil- and rhizosphere-dwelling Pseudomonas putida KT2440 to elaborate on the genomics and enzymology of d-amino acid metabolism. P. putida KT2440 catabolized ...
Gasperotti Mattia - - 2013
Ellagitannins and ellagic acid conjugates are polyphenols present in the human diet, in particular strawberries (Fragaria spp.). The first aim of this study was isolation and structural characterization of casuarictin and 3-O-methyl ellagic acid 3'-O-α-rhamnopyranoside, which were found to be abundant in Fragaria spp., along with agrimoniin. The second aim ...
Granda Jarosław M - - 2013
Anion receptors containing glucuronic acid were synthesized, and their anion binding ability studied. Chirality of anionic guests derived from mandelic acid and amino acids can be distinguished not only in terms of stability constants but also by significant differences in chemical shift changes for sugar moiety protons.
Cressey Peter - - 2013
Cyanogenic glycosides occur in a wide range of plant species. The potential toxicity of cyanogenic glycosides arises from enzymatic degradation to produce hydrogen cyanide, which may result in acute cyanide poisoning and has also been implicated in the aetiology of several chronic diseases. One hundred retail foods were sampled and ...
Soma Hiroki - - 2013
We purified d-amino acid oxidase (EC 1.4.3.3, DAO) from Xenopus laevis tadpoles. The optimal temperature and pH for enzyme activity were 35-40°C and 8.3-9.0, respectively, depending on the substrate amino acids available to the enzyme; the highest activity was observed with d-proline followed by d-phenylalanine. Activity was significantly inhibited by ...
Olenius T - - 2013
The first step in atmospheric new particle formation involves the aggregation of gas phase molecules into small molecular clusters that can grow by colliding with gas molecules and each other. In this work we used first principles quantum chemistry combined with a dynamic model to study the steady-state kinetics of ...
Mancuso Lena - - 2013
Supplementing a culture of a mutant strain of Actinosynnema pretiosum that is unable to biosynthesize aminohydroxy benzoic acid (AHBA), with 3-azido-5-hydroxy-benzoic acid and 3-azido-5-amino-benzoic acid, unexpectedly yielded anilino ansamitocins instead of the expected azido derivatives. This is the first example of the bioreduction of organic azides. The unique nature of ...
Reis Filipa S - - 2013
Being Cordyceps militaris (L.) Link recognized as a medicinal and edible mushroom, this work intends to reveal new interesting bioactive molecules that could be isolated from this species. Hydrophilic and lipophilic compounds were analysed by chromatographic techniques coupled to different detectors. The methanolic extract of C. militaris was tested for ...
Hatamnia Ali Asghar - - 2014
Five genotypes of Bene were collected from West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah and Ilam provinces, Iran. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined and antioxidant activity of the extracts were measured using different assays: FRAP, nitric oxide radical scavenging and DPPH. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the hull extracts were ...
Jacoby George A - - 2013
Alanine substitutions and selected deletions have been used to localize amino acids in QnrB essential for its protective activity. Essential amino acids are found at positions i and i(-2) in the pentapeptide repeat module and in the larger of two loops where deletion of only a single amino acid compromises ...
Parsons Joshua B - - 2013
Inactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase confers resistance to fatty acid synthesis inhibitors in Staphylococcus aureus on media supplemented with fatty acids. The addition of anteiso-fatty acids (1 mM) plus lipoic acid supports normal growth of ΔaccD strains, but supplementation with mammalian fatty acids was less efficient. Mice infected with strain RN6930 ...
Stevanović Magdalena - - 2013
Water-soluble antioxidant (ascorbic acid, vitamin C) were encapsulated together with poly(L-glutamic acid)-capped silver nanoparticles (AgNpPGA) within a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) polymeric matrix and their synergistic effects were studied. The PLGA/AgNpPGA/ascorbic-acid particles synthesized by a physicochemical method with solvent/non-solvent systems are spherical, have the mean diameter of 775 nm and a narrow ...
Wang Li - - 2013
In order to elucidate the role of organic anion transporters (OATs) in the renal elimination of gallic acid and gentisic acid, a new, rapid, and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of gallic acid and gentisic acid in cell lysate, ...
Barbehenn Raymond V - - 2013
Sulfur amino acids [cysteine (Cys) and methionine (Met)] play two major roles during animal development: protein synthesis for growth and glutathione synthesis for defense. For caterpillars, the levels of sulfur amino acids found in foliar protein can be especially low relative to their nutritional needs. Previous work has measured concentrations ...
Xu Guoqiang - - 2013
In this study, the simultaneous use of reductive and oxidative routes to produce fumaric acid was explored. The strain FMME003 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae CEN.PK2-1CΔTHI2) exhibited capability to accumulate pyruvate and was used for fumaric acid production. The fum1 mutant FMME004 could produce fumaric acid via oxidative route, but the introduction of ...
Conner Amber J - - 2013
Abstract Lake Magic is one of the most extreme of hundreds of ephemeral acid-saline lakes in southern Western Australia. It has pH as low as 1.7, salinity as high as 32% total dissolved solids, temperatures ranging from 0°C to 50°C, and an unusually complex aqueous composition. Optical petrography, UV-vis petrography, ...
Nørskov Natalja P - - 2013
The concentration and absorption of the nine phenolic acids of wheat were measured in a model experiment with catheterized pigs fed whole grain wheat and wheat aleurone diets. Six pigs in a repeated crossover design were fitted with catheters in the portal vein and mesenteric artery to study the absorption ...
Lopez Marie M Eskitis Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, - - 2013
The efficient synthesis of novel glycoconjugate amino acid building blocks wherein the amino acid and carbohydrate moieties are linked via a sulfonamide functional group is reported. The general reaction sequence consists of coupling a glycosyl thioacetate to an amino acid methyl ester followed by oxidation and deprotection of the carbohydrate ...
Lin Jingyu - - 2013
Salicylic acid plays a critical role in activating plant defence responses after pathogen attack. Salicylic acid methyltransferase (SAMT) modulates the level of salicylic acid by converting salicylic acid to methyl salicylate. Here, we report that a SAMT gene from soybean (GmSAMT1) plays a role in soybean defence against soybean cyst ...
Horn Patrick J - - 2013
Targeted increases in monounsaturated (oleic acid) fatty acid content of refined cottonseed oil could support improved human nutrition and cardiovascular health. Genetic modifications of cottonseed fatty acid composition have been accomplished using several different molecular strategies. Modification of oleic acid content in cottonseed embryos using a dominant-negative protein approach, while ...
Couturier L I E - - 2013
Fatty acid (FA) signature analysis has been increasingly used to assess dietary preferences and trophodynamics in marine animals. We investigated FA signatures of connective tissue of the whale shark Rhincodon typus and muscle tissue of the reef manta ray Manta alfredi. We found high levels of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
Makboul Makboul A - - 2013
A new pentacyclic triterpenoid, 3β,25-epoxy-3α,22β,23α-trihydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid (1), together with seven known compounds, including five triterpenoids, β-amyrin (2), lantadene B (3), lantanilic acid (4), lantanolic acid (5) and ursolic acid (6) in addition to β-sitosterol (7) and benzoic acid (8) has been isolated from the leaves of Lantana montevidensis. Their chemical ...
Kugimiya Akimitsu - - 2013
The analysis of free amino acids in urine and plasma is useful for estimating disease status in clinical diagnoses. Changes in the concentration of free amino acids in foods are also useful markers of freshness, nutrition, and taste. In this study, the specific interaction between aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) and its ...
Wu Xu - - 2013
A facile bottom-up method for the synthesis of highly fluorescent graphene quantum dots (GQDs) has been developed using a one-step pyrolysis of a natural amino acid, L-glutamic acid, with the assistance of a simple heating mantle device. The developed GQDs showed strong blue, green and red luminescence under the irradiation ...
Kumar Vineet - - 2014
Cold water-soluble (CWSP) and hot water soluble polysaccharides (HWSP) from Tinospora cordifolia stems were isolated and purified in 2.99% and 1.99% yield respectively. Complete hydrolysis followed by paper chromatography and GLC analysis indicated the presence of l-rhamnose, l-arabinose, d-xylose, d-mannose, d-galactose and d-glucose in molar ratio of 0.857, 1.106, 0.727, ...
Serizawa Takeshi - - 2013
We demonstrate for the first time that cellulose nanofibers obtained from natural sources have the capability to hydrolyze the amide bonds of amino acid substrates in a chirality-specific manner. The chiral specificities were clearly correlated with the species of amino acid units and the crystal structures of cellulose.
Zhang Lei - - 2013
[Ru(p-cymene)Cl2]2-catalyzed 1,4-addition reactions between arylboronic acids and butyl acrylate and acrylamide in the presence of phenols were investigated, good to excellent yields were obtained. The addition of phenols remarkably promoted the protonolysis and inhibited the β-H elimination of the 1,4-addition intermediates, and also efficiently suppressed the protonolysis of arylboronic acids.
Tomohara Keisuke - - 2013
A method for asymmetric α-arylation of amino acid derivatives has been developed. The arylation was performed by Clayden rearrangement of ester enolates via memory of chirality to give hydantoins with aryl-substituted tetrasubstituted carbon in up to 99% ee.
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