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Dey Prabuddha P Advanced Laboratory for Plant Genetic Engineering, Advanced Technology Development Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, - - 2014
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) activity is an essential enzymatic step in the formation of neutral lipid i.e., triacylglycerol in all living cells capable of accumulating storage lipid. Previously, we characterized an oleaginous yeast Candida tropicalis SY005 that yields storage lipid up to 58% under a specific nitrogen-stress condition, when the DGAT-specific ...
Kamika Ilunga I Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Arcadia Campus, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. - - 2014
The impact of polyphosphate-accumulating organism (PAO) and glycogen-accumulating organism (GAO) populations as well as of the chemical profile on the performance of Unit-3 (open elutriation tanks) and Unit-5 (covered elutriation tank) of the City of Johannesburg Northern Wastewater Treatment Works was determined. Physicochemical parameters of wastewater samples were measured using ...
Yoshinaga Naoko N Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University Sakyo, Kyoto, - - 2014
Fatty acid amino acid conjugates (FACs), first identified in lepidopteran caterpillar spit as elicitors of plant volatile emission, also have been reported as major components in gut tracts of Drosophila melanogaster and cricket Teleogryllus taiwanemma. The profile of FAC analogs in these two insects was similar to that of tobacco ...
Xu Zhaoxian Z State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing, - - 2014
Streptomyces albulus PD-1, a productive strain for epsilon-poly-l-lysine and poly-l-diaminopropionic acid, was isolated from soils. We present the genome sequence of S. albulus PD-1, which may provide abundant information regarding the production of epsilon-poly-l-lysine and poly-l-diaminopropionic acid.
Solaesa Angela García AG Department of Biotechnology and Food Science (Chemical Engineering Section), University of - - 2014
Triacylglycerols (TAG) of two different refined fish oils from sardine and a mixture of tuna and sardine oil were separated by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with a binary solvent gradient of acetone/acetonitrile. Different fractions were observed in the chromatogram and TAG species were tentatively identified by subsequent ...
Spilioti Eliana E Department of Biological Chemistry, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The phenolic acid profile of honey depends greatly on its botanical and geographical origin. In this study, we carried out a quantitative analysis of phenolic acids in the ethyl acetate extract of 12 honeys collected from various regions in Greece. Our findings indicate that protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, ...
Scheven Lieneke - - 2014
Elevated albuminuria as well as an increased serum uric acid concentration is associated with poor cardiovascular outcome. We questioned whether these 2 variables (albuminuria and serum uric concentration) may be interrelated via tubular uric acid reabsorption. Included were 7688 participants of the PREVEND Study, an observational, general population-based cohort study. ...
Winiecka Iwona - - 2014
Five potential inhibitors of renin have been designed and obtained. In the molecule position P3 - P1', crucial for indicating inhibitory activity, all contain phenylalanylhistidylaminoalcanoyl group, ready for interaction with the hydrophobic pocket S3 - S1 of renin molecule. The aminoalcanoyl fragment consists of pseudo-dipeptidic units derivative of gamma-amino acids: ...
Murtaza Ghulam - - 2014
This study was conducted to assess the compatibility of aspirin with selective amino acids by studying the effect of amino acids on the solubility of aspirin, so that the attention could be paid towards the use of proteinous foods along with aspirin. Two different types of dissolution media, i.e., 0.5% ...
Wang Jun J School of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, P R China; School of the Environment, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, P R China; Sericultural Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhenjiang, P R - - 2014
Caffeic acid (CA) is distributed widely in nature and possesses strong antioxidant activity. However, CA has lower solubility in non-polar media, which limits its application in fat-soluble food. To increase the lipophilicity of natural antioxidant CA, a series of alkyl caffeates were synthesized and their antioxidant and antitumor activities were ...
Pavlenko Natalia V NV Institute of Organic Chemistry National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Murmanskaya str. 5, 02660 Kiev-94, - - 2014
A series of novel (1-aminoalkyl)(trifluoromethyl)- and -(difluoromethyl)phosphinic acids - analogues of proteinogenic and nonproteinogenic α-amino acids were prepared. The synthetic methodology was based on nucleophilic addition of (trifluoromethyl)phosphinic acid or (difluoromethyl)phosphinic acid or its ethyl ester to substrates with C=N or activated C=C double bonds. Analogues of glycine, phenylglycine, alanine, ...
Katsou Evina E Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, 37134 Verona, - - 2014
This work evaluated the use of different external carbon sources to promote the via-nitrite nutrient removal from anaerobic effluents. The carbon sources consisted of fermentation liquid produced from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW FL), drainage liquid produced from OFMSW, fermentation liquid produced from vegetable and fruit waste ...
Low Siok Ling SL Centre for Water Research, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 2, 117576, Singapore E mail: - - 2014
Microalgae in three submerged ceramic membrane photobioreactors (SCMPBRs) with different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) were fed with permeate of a submerged ceramic membrane bioreactor for a period of 3 months to investigate the lipid content and also the biodiesel quality produced at different HRTs. The lipid content, lipid productivity and ...
Torrente Marta M Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center of Integrative Human Physiology, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Gene expression and cell growth rely on the intracellular concentration of amino acids, which in metazoans depends on extracellular amino acid availability and transmembrane transport. To investigate the impact of extracellular amino acid concentrations on the expression of a concentrative amino acid transporter, we overexpressed the main kidney proximal tubule ...
Patel Mitesh M Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2464 Charlotte Street, Kansas City, MO 64108, - - 2014
Poor systemic concentrations of lopinavir (LPV) following oral administration occur due to high cellular efflux by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) and extensive metabolism by CYP3A4 enzymes. In this study, amino acid prodrugs of LPV were designed and investigated for their potential to circumvent efflux processes and first ...
Xie Li L Key Laboratory of the Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of Education, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China E-mail: - - 2014
Volatile fatty acid (VFA) production from three types of high-strength organic wastewater (cassava thin stillage, starch wastewater and yellow-wine processing wastewater) were compared. The results showed that cassava thin stillage was the most suitable substrate, based on its high specific VFA production (0.68 g chemical oxygen demand (COD)/g initial soluble ...
Olate Verónica Rachel VR Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Laboratorio de Química de Productos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, 3460000 Talca, - - 2014
Little is known about the changes in resin composition in South American gymnosperms associated with the different seasons of the year. The diterpene composition of 44 resin samples from seven Austrocedrus chilensis (Cupressaceae) trees, including male and female individuals, was investigated in three different seasons of the year (February, June ...
Pai Victor J VJ Laboratory for Lipid Medicine and Technology (LLMT), Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Transgenic mice (named "Omega mice") were engineered to carry both optimized fat-1 and fat-2 genes from the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans and are capable of producing essential omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids from saturated fats or carbohydrates. When maintained on a high-saturated fat diet lacking essential fatty acids or a high-carbohydrate, ...
Stibůrková Blanka B Institute of Inherited Metabolic Disorders, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism in humans, and increased serum uric acid concentrations lead to gout. The objective of the current study was to identify factors that are independently associated with serum uric acid concentrations in a cohort of Czech control individuals. The cohort consisted of ...
Chen Xingtao X College of Physical Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
A multi-(amino acid) copolymer (MAC) based on ω-aminocaproic acid, γ-aminobutyric acid, L-alanine, L-lysine, L-glutamate, and hydroxyproline was synthetized, and MAC microspheres encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA) were prepared by a double-emulsion solvent extraction method. The experimental results show that various preparation parameters including surfactant ratio of Tween 80 to Span ...
Carrero-Colón Militza M Crop Production and Pest Control Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of - - 2014
Soybean oil has a wide variety of uses, and stearic acid, which is a relatively minor component of soybean oil is increasingly desired for both industrial and food applications. New soybean mutants containing high levels of the saturated fatty acid stearate in seeds were recently identified from a chemically mutagenized ...
Zhang Tingting T Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, - - 2014
A series of amino acid and dipeptide prodrugs of IMB-070593, a fluoroquinolone candidate discovered in our lab, were synthesized and evaluated for their water solubility and then antibacterial activity. Our results reveal that four amino acid prodrugs 4a,b,e,f and two dipeptide prodrugs 4k,l have much greater solubility (>85 mg/mL) than ...
Zielińska Sylwia S Department of Pharmaceutical Biology and Botany, Medical University of Wroclaw, Borowska 211, 50-556 Wroclaw, - - 2014
Agastache is a small genus of Lamiaceae, comprising 22 species of perennial aromatic medicinal herbs. In this article, we review recent advances in phytochemical, pharmacological, biotechnological and molecular research on Agastache. The phytochemical profile of all Agastache species studied to date is generally similar, consisted of two main metabolic classes-phenylpropanoids ...
Thyagarajan Tamilselvi T Centre for Chemistry and Biotechnology, Deakin University, Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, Victoria 3217, Australia. - - 2014
The utilization of food waste by microorganisms to produce omega-3 fatty acids or biofuel is a potentially low cost method with positive environmental benefits. In the present study, the marine microorganisms Thraustochytrium sp. AH-2 and Schizochytrium sp. SR21 were used to evaluate the potential of breadcrumbs as an alternate carbon ...
Poehlein Anja A Genomic and Applied Microbiology and Göttingen Genomics Laboratory, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Eubacterium acidaminophilum is a strictly anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium which belongs to cluster XI of the Clostridia. It ferments amino acids by a Stickland reaction. The genome harbors a chromosome (2.25 Mb) and a megaplasmid (0.8 Mb). It contains several gene clusters coding for selenocysteine-containing, glycine-derived, and amino acid-degrading reductases.
Cohen Nachshol N Mycolivia Ltd., Kfar Yedidia, - - 2014
This research gives the results of a proximate analysis (moisture, ash, crude protein, fat, total carbohydrates, and total energy); a bioactive compounds analysis (γ-aminobutyric acid [GABA], ergothioneine, lovastatin, and cordycepin); fatty acid and amino acid analysis; and an analysis of macro- and microelement content of fruit bodies and mycelia of ...
Mogana R R School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, Center for Natural and Medicinal Products Research, University of Nottingham (Malaysia Campus), Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor, - - 2014
In continuation of our natural and medicinal research programme on tropical rainforest plants, a bioassay guided fractionation of ethanolic extract of leaves of Canarium patentinervium Miq. (Burseraceae Kunth.) led to the isolation of scopoletin (1), scoparone (2), (+)-catechin (3), vomifoliol (4), lioxin (5), and syringic acid (6). All the compounds ...
Schulze Ines I Institute of Process Engineering in Life Sciences, Section II: Technical Biology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Engler-Bunte-Ring 1, Karlsruhe, 76131, - - 2014
The yeast strains Cryptococcus podzolicus, Trichosporon porosum and Pichia segobiensis were isolated from soil samples and identified as oleaginous yeast strains beneficial for the establishment of microbial production processes for sustainable lipid production suitable for several industrial applications. When cultured in bioreactors with glucose as the sole carbon source C. ...
Loo Joo Ling JL Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia. - - 2014
Mycelium-bound lipase (MBL), from a locally isolated Geotrichum candidum strain, was produced and characterized as a natural immobilized lipase. A time course study of its lipolytic activity in 1 L liquid broth revealed the maximum MBL activity at 4 h for mycelium cells harvested after 54 h. The yield and ...
Lu Xin-Hua XH Germplasm Repository of Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Zhanjiang City, Ministry of Agriculture, South Subtropical Crop Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Zhanjiang, Guangdong 524091, - - 2014
The fruit physico-chemical properties, antioxidant activity and mineral contents of 26 pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] genotypes grown in China were measured. The results showed great quantitative differences in the composition of these pineapple genotypes. Sucrose was the dominant sugar in all 26 genotypes, while citric acid was the principal ...
Nurdin Irwan I 0000-0002-1547-4810 Nanomaterials Engineering Research Group, Advanced Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia ; Department of Chemical Engineering, Lhokseumawe State Polytechnic, Lhokseumawe 24301, - - 2014
Maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles have been synthesized using a chemical coprecipitation method at different nitric acid concentrations as an oxidizing agent. Characterization of all samples performed by several techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), alternating gradient magnetometry (AGM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and zeta potential. ...
Lourith Nattaya N School of Cosmetic Science, Mae Fah Luang - - 2014
Para rubber seed was macerated in petroleum ether and n-hexane, individually, for 30 min. The extraction was additionally performed by reflux and soxhlet for 6 h with the same solvent and proportion. Soxhlet extraction by petroleum ether afforded the greatest extractive yield (22.90 ± 0.92%). Although antioxidant activity by means ...
Cheng Chin Jung CJ Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195-5013, USA. - - 2014
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that is transmissible to humans and that is currently incurable. BSE is caused by the prion protein (PrP), which adopts two conformers; PrPC is the native innocuous form, which is α-helix rich; and PrPSc is the β-sheet ...
Vadivelan Ganesan G Food Microbiology Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka 570020, - - 2014
Mortierella sp. has been known to produce polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as GLA and AA under normal growth medium conditions. Similarly, under the stress condition, this fungus produces EPA and DHA in their mycelial biomass. Among the 67 soil samples screened from the Western Ghats of India, 11 Mortierella ...
Jeevithan Elango E Department of Marine Pharmacology, College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China. - - 2014
Type II acid soluble collagen (CIIA), pepsin soluble collagen (CIIP) and type II gelatin (GII) were isolated from silvertip shark (Carcharhinus albimarginatus) cartilage and examined for their physicochemical and antioxidant properties. GII had a higher hydroxyproline content (173 mg/g) than the collagens and cartilage. CIIA, CIIP and GII were composed ...
Kiyota Hiroshi H Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. - - 2014
Nutrient balance is important for photosynthetic growth and biomass production in microalgae. Here, we investigated and compared metabolic responses of amino acid pools to nitrogen and sulfur starvation in a unicellular model cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, and its mutant nblA1/A2. It is known that NblA1/A2-dependent and -independent breakdown of ...
Sun Kunlai K Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Ministry of Education of China, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China. - - 2014
Two new indole-diterpenoids (1 and 2) and a new isocoumarin (3), along with the known β-aflatrem (4), paspalinine (5), leporin B (6), α-cyclopiazonic acid (7), iso-α-cyclopiazonic acid (8), ditryptophenaline (9), aflatoxin B1 (10), 7-O-acetylkojic acid (11) and kojic acid (12), were isolated from the fermentation broth of the marine-derived fungus, ...
Okazaki Fumiko F Kyoto Women's - - 2014
A direct competitive (dc)-ELISA was developed for rapid and simple determination of chlorothalonil residue in vegetables. A carboxylic acid derivative of pentachlorophenol was used to prepare an anti-chlorothalonil monoclonal antibody (MoAb) that showed adequate reactivity for dc-ELISA. Before homogenization of vegetable samples, phosphoric acid was added (vegetable-10% phosphoric acid (2 ...
Kale E - - 2014
The authors' objective was to measure amniotic fluid amino acid concentrations in pregnant women diagnosed as having fetuses with skeletal dysplasia in the second trimester of pregnancy. Eighteen pregnant women who had fetuses with with skeletal dysplasia detected by ultrasonography (skeletal dysplasia) in the second trimester and 35 women who ...
Rudnicki Witold R WR Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, Warsaw University, Warsaw, - - 2014
That amino acid properties are responsible for the way protein molecules evolve is natural and is also reasonably well supported both by the structure of the genetic code and, to a large extent, by the experimental measures of the amino acid similarity. Nevertheless, there remains a significant gap between observed ...
Angermayr S Andreas SA Molecular Microbial Physiology Group, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam and Netherlands Institute of Systems Biology, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Molecular engineering of the intermediary physiology of cyanobacteria has become important for the sustainable production of biofuels and commodity compounds from CO2 and sunlight by "designer microbes." The chemical commodity product L-lactic acid can be synthesized in one step from a key intermediary metabolite of these organisms, pyruvate, catalyzed by ...
Qian Yue-Cheng YC MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China. - - 2014
We report on the synthesis and application of a new hydrogel based on a methacrylate substituted polyphosphazene. Through ring-opening polymerization and nucleophilic substitution, poly[bis(methacrylate)phosphazene] (PBMAP) was successfully synthesized from hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene. By adding PBMAP to methacrylic acid solution and then treating with UV light, we could obtain a cross-linked polyphosphazene network, ...
Ylitervo Päivi P Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, 501 90 Borås, Sweden. - - 2014
The release of inhibitory concentrations of acetic acid from lignocellulosic raw materials during hydrolysis is one of the main concerns for 2nd generation ethanol production. The undissociated form of acetic acid can enter the cell by diffusion through the plasma membrane and trigger several toxic effects, such as uncoupling and ...
Gundogdu Muttalip - - 2014
The Hawthorn (Crateagus sp.) mostly occurs around the temperate region of the world with a high number of species, producing a fruit with numerous beneficial effects for human health. The aim of the study was to determine organic acid and sugar contents in the fruit of a number of hawthorn ...
Mohadjerani Maryam M Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, I. R. - - 2014
Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze the fatty acid content, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities of hydro-methanolic extract of Adonis wolgensis L. (A. wolgensis L.) growing wild in north of Iran. Materials and Methods: Oils of A. wolgensis L. was obtained by means of Soxhlet apparatus from leaves ...
Saifullah Bullo B 0000-0002-0470-6292 Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology(ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
Tuberculosis is a lethal epidemic, difficult to control disease, claiming thousands of lives every year. We have developed a nanodelivery formulation based on para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS) and zinc layered hydroxide using zinc nitrate salt as a precursor. The developed formulation has a fourfold higher efficacy of PAS against mycobacterium tuberculosis ...
Weng Li-Chi LC 1] Graduate Institute of Marine Biotechnology, National Dong-Hwa University, Pingtung, 944 Taiwan - - 2014
The stability of cnidarian-dinoflagellate (genus Symbiodinium spp.) endosymbioses depends on the regulation of nutrient transport between Symbiodinium populations and their hosts. Previously, we successfully induced the production of lipid droplets in the free-living cultured Symbiodinium (clade B) under the nitrogen-deprivation condition for 5 days. Therefore, the present study aimed at ...
Kabeya Naoki N Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 1-8 Ichiban-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8472, Japan; Department of Marine Biosciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8477, - - 2013
Marine fishes are generally unable to produce sufficient quantities of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) for their normal growth and survival, as the key fatty acid-metabolizing enzymes in the EPA and DHA biosynthetic pathway are limited. It is therefore necessary to supplement cultured marine fish species ...
Smet Lieselotte De LD Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to increase the bioavailability of itraconazole (ITRA) using nanosized cocrystals prepared via wet milling of ITRA in combination with dicarboxylic acids. Wet milling was used in order to create a nanosuspension of ITRA in combination with dicarboxylic acids. After spray-drying and bead layering, solid ...
Hamberg Mats M Karolinska Institutet, - - 2013
The CYP74 family of cytochrome P450 enzymes consisting of allene oxide synthase, divinyl ether synthase and hemiacetal synthase has important roles in plant oxylipin biosynthesis, transforming lipoxygenase-generated fatty acid hydroperoxides into a range of biologically active compounds. Biochemical and phylogenetic studies have shown that CYP74-related enzymes are found also in ...
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