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Zafeiraki Effrosyni - - 2014
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are used in food packaging materials as coatings/additives for oil and moisture resistance. In the current study, foodstuff-packaging materials collected from the Greek market, made of paper, paperboard or aluminum foil were analyzed for the determination of PFCs. For the analysis of the samples, pressurized liquid extraction ...
Ono Masateru M School of Agriculture, Tokai - - 2014
Five new resin glycosides having macrolactone structures (jalapins), named calysolins V-IX (1-5), were isolated from the leaves, stems, and roots of Calystegia soldanella ROEM. et SCHULT. (Convolvulaceae). Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data as well as chemical evidence. The isolated compounds could be classified into two ...
Hunt Mary C MC Dublin Institute of Technology, College of Sciences & Health, School of Biological Sciences, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peroxisomes are nearly ubiquitous organelles involved in a number of metabolic pathways that vary between organisms and tissues. A common metabolic function in mammals is the partial degradation of various (di)carboxylic acids via α- and β-oxidation. While only a small number of enzymes catalyze the reactions of β-oxidation, numerous auxiliary ...
Agler M T MT Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, 214 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA E-mail: la249@cornell.edu; Current address: Department of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Max Planck Institute for Plant Research, Carl-von-Linné Weg 10, 50829 Cologne, - - 2014
High productivity and specificity in anaerobic digesters arise because complex microbiomes organize into a metabolic cascade to maximize energy recovery and to utilize the advantage that the gaseous end product methane freely bubbles out of the system. These lessons were applied to ascertain whether a reactor microbiome could be shaped ...
Dobaradaran Sina - - 2014
Trichloroethene and tetrachloroethene are the most common pollutants in groundwater and two of the priority pollutants listed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. In previous studies on TCE and PCE photolysis and photochemical degradation, concentration ranges exceeding environmental levels by far with millimolar concentrations of TCE and PCE have been ...
Ramond Elodie E Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bâtiment Leriche, Paris, France ; INSERM, U1002, Unité de Pathogénie des Infections Systémiques, Paris, - - 2014
Intracellular bacterial pathogens have developed a variety of strategies to avoid degradation by the host innate immune defense mechanisms triggered upon phagocytocis. Upon infection of mammalian host cells, the intracellular pathogen Francisella replicates exclusively in the cytosolic compartment. Hence, its ability to escape rapidly from the phagosomal compartment is critical ...
Pandit Santosh S Department of Preventive Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Republic of - - 2014
Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) is a plant of the Solanaceae family. It has been widely used as a remedy for a variety of ailments in India and Nepal. The plant has also been used as a controlling agent for dental diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ...
Azmi Mohamad Nurul MN Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia. - - 2014
A phytochemical investigation of the methanolic extract of the bark of Endiandra kingiana led to the isolation of seven new tetracyclic endiandric acid analogues, kingianic acids A-G (1-7), together with endiandric acid M (8), tsangibeilin B (9) and endiandric acid (10). Their structures were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR analysis ...
Dhara Rupali R Food Engineering and Technology Department, Institute of Chemical - - 2014
Diacylglycerol (DAG)-rich sunflower oil was prepared and the optimal conditions for synthesis of DAG-rich oil by glycerolysis using biocatalyst TLIM was determined. A maximum production of 59.8% DAG was obtained after 5 h of constant reaction under vacuum (756 mm of Hg). The optimum temperature for glycerolysis was found to ...
Yu Zhiliang Z 0000-0003-4849-7055 College of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, - - 2014
L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) is attracting more attentions due to its broad and important biological functions. Recently, an LAAO-producing marine microorganism (strain B3) was isolated from the intertidal zone of Dinghai sea area, China. Physiological, biochemical, and molecular identifications together with phylogenetic analysis congruously suggested that it belonged to the ...
Zacharof M-P MP Centre for Complex Fluid Processing (CCFP), College of Engineering, Swansea University, Talbot Building, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK and Centre for Water Advanced Technologies and Environmental Research (CWATER), College of Engineering, Swansea University, Talbot Building, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK E-mail: - - 2014
Waste effluents from anaerobic digesters of agricultural waste were treated with a range of membranes, including microfiltration and nanofiltration (NF), to concentrate volatile fatty acids (VFA). Microfiltration was applied successfully to produce sterile, particle-free solutions with a VFA concentration of 21.08 mM of acetic acid and 15.81 mM of butyric ...
Ambrozova Jarmila Vavra JV Department of Food Analysis and Chemistry, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, nam. T. G. Masaryka 5555, Zlin CZ-760 01, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Total lipid contents of green (Chlorella pyrenoidosa, C), red (Porphyra tenera, N; Palmaria palmata, D), and brown (Laminaria japonica, K; Eisenia bicyclis, A; Undaria pinnatifida, W, WI; Hizikia fusiformis, H) commercial edible algal and cyanobacterial (Spirulina platensis, S) products, and autotrophically cultivated samples of the green microalga Chlorella kessleri (CK) ...
Durkes Abigail A Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine (Durkes), Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
Bicarbonate is critical for acid-base tissue homeostasis. In this study we investigated the role of bicarbonate ion transport in vocal fold epithelial defense to acid challenges. Acidic insults to the larynx are common in gastric reflux, carcinogenesis and metastasis, and acute inflammation. Ion transport was measured in viable porcine vocal ...
Dong Shengzhao S Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioprocess, The Biorefinery Research and Engineering Center of the Ministry of Education of China, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Haematococcus pluvialis is one of the potent organisms for production of astaxanthin. Up to now, no efficient method has been achieved due to its thick cell wall hindering solvent extraction of astaxanthin. In this study, four different methods, hydrochloric acid pretreatment followed by acetone extraction (HCl-ACE), hexane/isopropanol (6 : 4, v/v) mixture ...
Abdulmalek Emilia E Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
Here, we focused on a simple enzymatic epoxidation of alkenes using lipase and phenylacetic acid. The immobilised Candida antarctica lipase B, Novozym 435 was used to catalyse the formation of peroxy acid instantly from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and phenylacetic acid. The peroxy phenylacetic acid generated was then utilised directly for ...
Ellis Gregory A GA Pharmaceutical Sciences Division, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 777 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53705, USA. - - 2014
Two novel trialkyl-substituted aromatic acids, solwaric acids A and B, were isolated from a marine Solwaraspora sp. cultivated from the ascidian Trididemnum orbiculatum. Solwaric acids A and B were isotopically labeled with U-13C glucose, and analysis of a 13C-13C COSY allowed for unambiguous determination of the location of the phenyl ...
Zhou Xiang X Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, PR China. - - 2014
Butyric acid as a renewable resource has become an increasingly attractive alternative to petroleum-based fuels. Clostridium tyrobutyricum ATCC 25755T is well documented as a fermentation strain for the production of acids. However, it has been reported that butyrate inhibits its growth, and the accumulation of acetate also inhibits biomass synthesis, ...
Chen Gao - - 2014
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which contain two or more double bonds in their backbone, are the focus of intensive global research, because of their nutritional value, medicinal applications, and potential use as biofuel. However, the ability to produce these economically important compounds is limited, because it is both expensive and ...
Tareq Fakir Shahidullah FS Department of Marine Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, 176 Gajung-dong, 217 Gajungro Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-350, Korea. - - 2014
Concerning the requirements of effective drug candidates to combat against high rising multidrug resistant pathogens, we isolated three new linear lipopeptides, gageostatins A-C (1-3), consisting of hepta-peptides and new 3-β-hydroxy fatty acids from the fermentation broth of a marine-derived bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Their structures were elucidated by analyzing a combination ...
Sandjo Louis P LP Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Duesbergweg 10-14, D-55128 Mainz, - - 2014
Four new polyketides have been identified in culture filtrates of the fungal strain Penicillium sp. IBWF104-06 isolated from a soil sample. They are structurally based on the same trans-decalinpentanoic acid skeleton as tanzawaic acids A-H. One of the new compounds was found to inhibit the conidial germination in the rice ...
Wei Benxi B The State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China ; Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, - - 2014
Surface chemical compositions of starch nanocrystals (SNC) prepared using sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) hydrolysis were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and FT-IR. The results showed that carboxyl groups and sulfate esters were presented in SNC after hydrolysis with H2SO4, while no sulfate esters were detected in ...
Ghidini Alice A Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Hälsovägen Huddinge 7, 14183, Sweden. - - 2014
Several different approaches have been explored for conjugation of oligoethers to PNA with internally or N-terminal placed diaminopropionic acid residues. Single and double conjugation of 2-(2-(2-aminoethoxy)ethoxy)ethanol was obtained using carbonyldimidazole. Using a post PNA-assembly coupling procedure the building block 2-(2-(2-(benzoyloxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)acetic acid multiple attachment of 2-(2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy)acetyl groups to both N-terminal and ...
Zhao Xiuying - - 2014
Organic acids as important constituents of organic aerosols not only influence the aerosols' hygroscopic property, but also enhance the formation of new particles and secondary organic aerosols. This study reported organic acids including C14-C32 fatty acids, C4-C9 dicarboxylic acids and aromatic acids in PM2.5 collected during winter 2009 at six ...
Zhang Gaosen G Division of Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States of - - 2014
D-amino acids are toxic for life on Earth. Yet, they form constantly due to geochemical racemization and bacterial growth (the cell walls of which contain D-amino acids), raising the fundamental question of how they ultimately are recycled. This study provides evidence that bacteria use D-amino acids as a source of ...
Clauser Maria - - 2014
The flower heads of fourteen wild Arnica montana L. populations were collected in the summer of 2010 in the provinces of Trento, Brescia and Bergamo (Italy). The dried flowers were analyzed to assess their chemical diversity. HLPC-MS analysis led to the identification of phenolic derivatives and sesquiterpene lactones in the ...
Astudillo Luis - - 2014
Two new diterpenes,2-acetoxy-13-hydroxy-mulin-11-ene and 2-acetoxy-mulin-11, 13-diene,have been isolated from the aerial parts of Azorella spinosa and their structures determined by spectroscopic and conventional chemical methods. Furthermore, 2, 13-dihydroxy-mulin-11-ene was obtained using a basic hydrolysis of the first compound. Two diterpenes reported for other Azorella species have also been found, namely ...
Farahi Mahnaz - - 2014
Silica tungstic acid (STA) has been found to be an efficient and reusable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of 2-amino-4H-chromenes via the three-component reaction of aromatic aldehydes, malononitrile, and β-naphthol. STA as a novel solid acid was characterized by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
Zhang Ju-Cheng - - 2014
A new alkylamine derivative and a common fatty acid were isolated from Streptomyces sp. YIM 66142. On the basis of spectral data, including HRMS, NMR and 2D NMR, their structures were determined as medelamine C (1) and isomyristic acid (2). The omega-hydroxyl group in structure 1 is rare in a ...
Langseter Anne Marie AM Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O.Box 5003, NO-1432 Ås, - - 2014
The synthesis of the marine natural product 1,6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecapentaen-3-one (1) has been achieved by two different routes starting from the ethyl esters of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), respectively. Using EPA ethyl ester as starting material the polyunsaturated vinyl ketone lipid 1 was obtained in 17% overall yield.
Rajemiarimiraho Manitriniaina M Centre National d'Application de la Recherche Pharmaceutique (CNARP), BP 702 Antananarivo 101, Madagascar, France. - - 2014
With at least 60% of the Millettia species (Fabaceae) being in medicinal use, we found it relevant to assess the potential antiprotozoal and antifungal activities of Millettia richardiana. Water and methanol crude extracts of the stem barks from M. richardiana and the six fractions resulting from the fractionation of the ...
Buček Aleš A Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Numerous Δ12-, Δ15- and multifunctional membrane fatty acid desaturases (FADs) have been identified in fungi, revealing great variability in the enzymatic specificities of FADs involved in biosynthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Here, we report gene isolation and characterization of novel Δ12/Δ15- and Δ15-FADs named CpFad2 and CpFad3, respectively, from ...
Jiang Mulan M Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Oil Crops Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430062, China. - - 2014
The diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum can accumulate eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) up to 30% of the total fatty acids. This species has been targeted for isolating gene encoding desaturases and elongases for long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) metabolic engineering. Here we first report the cloning and characterization of Δ5-elongase gene in P. ...
Wang Jing J Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, - - 2014
Two new 30-noroleanane triterpenes, 2α,3β,20α-trihydroxy-30-norolean-12-en-28-oic acid (1), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-23-oxo-30-norolean-12,20(29)-dien-28-oic acid (2), were isolated from the pericarps of Akebia trifoliata, together with four known ones, 3β-akebonoic acid (3), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-30-noroleana-12,20(29)-dien-28-oic acid (4), 3α-akebonoic acid (5) and quinatic acid (6). Their structures were established on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis, and they were ...
Furtado Fabiana B FB Laboratory of Natural Products and Chromatography, Chemistry Institute, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais 38408-144, Brazil. - - 2014
The seasonal chemical composition of essential oils from Inga laurina was determined by GC/MS. In the stem bark's essential oil extracted during the dry season, the presence of terpenoids (30.05%) stood out, and phytol (9.76%) was the major compound identified. For the stem bark oil obtained during the rainy season, ...
Dorniani Dena D 0000-0001-5414-9204 Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory (MSCL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Selangor, - - 2014
The efficacy of two nanocarriers polyethylene glycol and polyvinyl alcohol magnetic nanoparticles coated with gallic acid (GA) was accomplished via X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, thermal analysis, and TEM. X-ray diffraction and TEM results showed that Fe3O4 nanoparticles were pure iron oxide having spherical shape with the average diameter ...
Adler Heidi H Neste Oil Corporation, Technology Center Kilpilahti, P.O. Box 310, 06101 Porvoo, - - 2014
The research was performed to study the simultaneous detection of a homologous series of α , ω -dicarboxylic acids (C2-C10), oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, pimelic, suberic, azelaic, and sebacic acids, with capillary electrophoresis using indirect UV detection. Good separation efficiency in 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid as background electrolyte modified with myristyl ...
Ni Liang L Key Laboratory o f Polluted Environment Remediation a nd Ecological Health, Ministry of Education, College of Natural Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China - - 2014
In this study, we measured the composition and free radical scavenging activity of several species of nuts, namely, Torreya grandis, Carya cathayensis, and Myrica rubra. The nut kernels of the aforementioned species are rich in fatty acids, particularly in unsaturated fatty acids, and have 51% oil content. T. grandis and ...
Stan Cătălina Daniela - - 2014
Acylation of 7-aminocephalosporanic acid with an adequate acyl chloride in order to obtain cefotaxime sodium salt. Cefotaxime sodium salt was synthesized by acylating 7-amino cephalosporanic acid with 2-[2'-chloracetamidothiazole-4-yl]-2-(syn)-methoxy-imino acetic chloride in four steps. The melting point was determined, and IR spectral analysis and elemental analysis were performed to confirm cefotaxime ...
Kloetzer Lenuţa - - 2014
Amino acids can be obtained by biosynthesis, by protein hydrolysis or by extraction from natural sources. The most efficient methods are the first two, but the separation of amino acids from fermentation broths or protein hydrolysates is rather difficult. Amino acids dissociate in aqueous solutions, forming characteristic ionic species depending ...
Valdivielso Angel M AM Instituto de Química Médica (CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
A series of Phe-Gly dipeptide-derived piperazinones containing an aromatic urea moiety and a basic amino acid has been synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of human platelet aggregation induced by the PAR1 agonist SFLLRN and as cytotoxic agents in human cancer cells. The synthetic strategy involves coupling of a protected basic ...
Dey Prabuddha P Advanced Laboratory for Plant Genetic Engineering, Advanced Technology Development Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, - - 2014
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) activity is an essential enzymatic step in the formation of neutral lipid i.e., triacylglycerol in all living cells capable of accumulating storage lipid. Previously, we characterized an oleaginous yeast Candida tropicalis SY005 that yields storage lipid up to 58% under a specific nitrogen-stress condition, when the DGAT-specific ...
Kamika Ilunga I Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Arcadia Campus, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. - - 2014
The impact of polyphosphate-accumulating organism (PAO) and glycogen-accumulating organism (GAO) populations as well as of the chemical profile on the performance of Unit-3 (open elutriation tanks) and Unit-5 (covered elutriation tank) of the City of Johannesburg Northern Wastewater Treatment Works was determined. Physicochemical parameters of wastewater samples were measured using ...
Yoshinaga Naoko N Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University Sakyo, Kyoto, - - 2014
Fatty acid amino acid conjugates (FACs), first identified in lepidopteran caterpillar spit as elicitors of plant volatile emission, also have been reported as major components in gut tracts of Drosophila melanogaster and cricket Teleogryllus taiwanemma. The profile of FAC analogs in these two insects was similar to that of tobacco ...
Xu Zhaoxian Z State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing, - - 2014
Streptomyces albulus PD-1, a productive strain for epsilon-poly-l-lysine and poly-l-diaminopropionic acid, was isolated from soils. We present the genome sequence of S. albulus PD-1, which may provide abundant information regarding the production of epsilon-poly-l-lysine and poly-l-diaminopropionic acid.
Solaesa Angela García AG Department of Biotechnology and Food Science (Chemical Engineering Section), University of - - 2014
Triacylglycerols (TAG) of two different refined fish oils from sardine and a mixture of tuna and sardine oil were separated by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with a binary solvent gradient of acetone/acetonitrile. Different fractions were observed in the chromatogram and TAG species were tentatively identified by subsequent ...
Spilioti Eliana E Department of Biological Chemistry, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The phenolic acid profile of honey depends greatly on its botanical and geographical origin. In this study, we carried out a quantitative analysis of phenolic acids in the ethyl acetate extract of 12 honeys collected from various regions in Greece. Our findings indicate that protocatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, ...
Scheven Lieneke - - 2014
Elevated albuminuria as well as an increased serum uric acid concentration is associated with poor cardiovascular outcome. We questioned whether these 2 variables (albuminuria and serum uric concentration) may be interrelated via tubular uric acid reabsorption. Included were 7688 participants of the PREVEND Study, an observational, general population-based cohort study. ...
Winiecka Iwona - - 2014
Five potential inhibitors of renin have been designed and obtained. In the molecule position P3 - P1', crucial for indicating inhibitory activity, all contain phenylalanylhistidylaminoalcanoyl group, ready for interaction with the hydrophobic pocket S3 - S1 of renin molecule. The aminoalcanoyl fragment consists of pseudo-dipeptidic units derivative of gamma-amino acids: ...
Murtaza Ghulam - - 2014
This study was conducted to assess the compatibility of aspirin with selective amino acids by studying the effect of amino acids on the solubility of aspirin, so that the attention could be paid towards the use of proteinous foods along with aspirin. Two different types of dissolution media, i.e., 0.5% ...
Wang Jun J School of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, P R China; School of the Environment, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, P R China; Sericultural Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhenjiang, P R - - 2014
Caffeic acid (CA) is distributed widely in nature and possesses strong antioxidant activity. However, CA has lower solubility in non-polar media, which limits its application in fat-soluble food. To increase the lipophilicity of natural antioxidant CA, a series of alkyl caffeates were synthesized and their antioxidant and antitumor activities were ...
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