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Storrustløkken Linda L Animalia - Norwegian Meat and Poultry Research Centre, P.O. Box 396 Økern, N-0513, Oslo, Norway; Dept. of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian Univ. of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, N-1432, Aas, - - 2014
The evolution of fatty acid classes (ΣSFA, ΣMUFA, and ΣPUFA) in neutral lipids (NL) and phospholipids (PL) in pigs were studied. The M. biceps femoris in green hams from Norwegian breeds Landrace (LR), Duroc (DU), and Hampshire (HS) slaughtered at 6, 7.5, and 9 mo of age were examined. The ...
Ahmad A L - - 2014
Three methods for harvesting Chlorella sp. biomass were analysed in this paper--centrifugation, membrane microfiltration and coagulation: there was no significant difference between the total amount of biomass obtained by centrifugation and membrane microfiltration, i.e., 0.1174 +/- 0.0308 and 0.1145 +/- 0.0268 g, respectively. Almost the same total lipid content was ...
He Nannan N Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, N19 W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0819, Japan; Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, N10 W5, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0810, - - 2014
Aerosol samples were collected in autumn 2007 on day- and nighttime basis in the northern receptor site of Beijing, China. The samples were analyzed for total carbon (TC) and water-soluble dicarboxylic acids (C2-C12), oxocarboxylic acids (C2-C9), glyoxal and methylglyoxal to better understand the photochemical aging of organic aerosols in the ...
Parpinello Giuseppina Paola GP Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Piazza Goidanich 60, Cesena, FC 47521, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2015
The effects of biodynamic production practices on composition and sensory attributes of Sangiovese wines were examined for 2years (2009 and 2010) in a vineyard that was converted from organic (ORG) to biodynamic (BDN) viticulture. During the first year (2009), the BDN wines were characterised by low alcohol strength, colour intensity, ...
Khandare Arjun L AL Food & Drug Toxicology Centre (ICMR), Hyderabad, - - 2014
Neurolathyrism is a non progressive motor neuron disorder engendered by the prolonged over-consumption of Lathyrus sativus (grass pea) seeds which contain a neurotoxic amino acid, β-N oxalyl- L-α, β-diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP). It is characterized by spastic paraparesis in the hind limbs. The present study was conducted in 105 households (HHs) ...
Phakthong Wilaiwan W Alpha Flow Analysis Group, Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellent for Innovation in Chemistry (PERCH-CIC) Together with Materials Science Research Center, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, - - 2014
A reversed flow injection (rFI) system was designed and constructed for gallic acid determination. Gallic acid was determined based on the formation of chromogen between gallic acid and rhodanine, resulting in a colored product with a λmax at 520nm. The optimum conditions for determining gallic acid were also investigated. Optimizations ...
Feng Yunzi Y College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, - - 2015
Twenty-seven commercial soy sauces produced through three different fermentation processes (high-salt liquid-state fermentation soy sauce, HLFSS; low-salt solid-state fermentation soy sauce, LSFSS; Koikuchi soy sauce, KSS) were examined to identify the aroma compounds and the effect of fermentation process on the flavour of the soy sauce was investigated. Results showed ...
Laszlo Joseph A JA Renewable Product Technology, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research , Peoria, IL , - - 2014
Abstract Context: The acylglycerides of lipoic and dihydrolipoic acids may serve as slow-release sources for cutaneous delivery of these antioxidants when formulated in a liposomal vehicle. Objective: Testing was conducted to determine the storage stability of lipoyl glycerides in phospholipid-based liposomes. Materials and methods: Lipoyl glycerides prepared by transesterification of ...
Ding Xinghong X Analysis and Testing Center, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, - - 2014
Jieduquyuziyin prescription (JP), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription, has been widely used for the clinical treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the complex chemical constituents of JP and the multifactorial pathogenesis of SLE make research on the therapeutic mechanism of JP in SLE challenging. In this paper, a ...
Manaf Yanty Noorzianna Abdul NA Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra - - 2014
A study was carried out to determine the physicochemical characteristics of the oil derived from papaya seeds of the Hong Kong/Sekaki variety. Proximate analysis showed that seeds of the Hong Kong/Sekaki variety contained considerable amount of oil (27.0%). The iodine value, saponification value, unsaponifiable matter and free fatty acid contents ...
Paunescu A C AC Pierre Ayotte, Axe santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec, 2875 boulevard Laurier, Édifice Delta 2, bureau 600, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 2M2, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the status in selected saturated (SFAs) and monounsaturated (MUFAs) fatty acids and the Stiffness Index (SI) in Inuit women from Nunavik (Northern Quebec, Canada). Cross-sectional descriptive study. Inuit population from 14 communities who participated to Qanuippitaa? How are we? ...
Lee Hye Won HW TKM-Based Herbal Drug Research Group, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
Lycii Fructus was used as natural products with therapeutic properties for a long time. Betaine is a natural amino acid and one of the major constituents of Lycii Fructus. It is reported that this fruit plays a role in reducing blood levels of homocysteine, a toxic byproduct of the amino ...
Lee Jiyeon - - 2013
Many murine monoclonal anti-DNA antibodies (Abs) derived from mice models for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have additional cell-penetration and/or nucleic acid-hydrolysis properties. Here, we examined the influence of deactivating each complementarity-determining region (CDR) within a multifunctional anti-nucleic acid Ab that possesses these activities, the catalytic 3D8 single chain variable fragment ...
Bach Jonathan F - - 2013
A 9-year-old castrated male Shetland sheepdog was diagnosed with necrolytic migratory erythema and hepatocutaneous syndrome. Necrolytic migratory erythema was treated with intermittent intravenous amino acids as needed to control cutaneous lesions. The addition of lipid infusions extended the treatment interval. The patient had a favorable response for 24 months.
Breiden Bernadette - - 2013
The epidermal permeability barrier of mammalian skin is localized in the stratum corneum. Corneocytes are embedded in an extracellular, highly ordered lipid matrix of hydrophobic lipids consisting of about 50% ceramides, 25% cholesterol and 15% long and very long chain fatty acids. The most important lipids for the epidermal barrier ...
Schlesinger Todd E TE Dermatology and Laser Center of Charleston, PA, Charleston, SC, USA. - - 2013
Rosacea is a chronic cutaneous disorder characterized by flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, edema, papules, and pustules. The cause of this inflammatory disorder is unknown, but is thought to be multifaceted. Primary treatments for rosacea are typically oral antibiotics and topical therapies. Hyaluronic acid sodium salt cream 0.2% is a topical device ...
Santos Adriana Oliveira dos AO Programa de Pós-Graduação em Microbiologia, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, PR, - - 2013
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease. According to the World Health Organization, there are approximately 1.5-two million new cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis each year worldwide. Chemotherapy against leishmaniasis is based on pentavalent antimonials, which were developed more than a century ago. The goals of this study were to investigate the ...
Tüngler Victoria - - 2013
SAM domain and HD domain-containing protein 1 (SAMHD1) is a dGTP-dependent triphosphohydrolase that degrades deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) thereby limiting the intracellular dNTP pool. Mutations in SAMHD1 cause Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS), an inflammatory encephalopathy that mimics congenital viral infection and that phenotypically overlaps with the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus. Both ...
Shrivastav Meena M Department of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic , Rochester, MN , - - 2013
The characteristic serologic feature of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is autoantibodies against one's own nucleic acid or nucleic acid-binding proteins - DNA and RNA-binding nuclear proteins. Circulating autoantibodies can deposit in the tissue, causing inflammation and production of cytokines such as type 1 interferon (IFN). Investigations in human patients and ...
- - 2012
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether tranexamic acid should be given to patients having an upper gastrointestinal bleed. Seven studies and two systematic reviews were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and ...
Cervelli Matthew J - - 2012
  Metallic phosphate binders require acidity to dissociate to the free metallic ion and bind phosphorus. Altered gastric acidity may, therefore, influence phosphate-binding efficacy. We evaluated the clinical effect of pantoprazole on the efficacy of calcium carbonate phosphate binders in haemodialysis patients.   The study had two parts: a cross-sectional ...
Hartl Trevor T - - 2012
ObjectiveTo identify and appraise the evidence for an association between laryngomalacia (LM) and acid reflux through a systematic review of the existing literature.Data SourcesMEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and collected additional publications cited in bibliographies.Review MethodsLiterature search by both authors with structured criteria to select studies evaluated for ...
Djeddi Djamal - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine whether the newborn lamb at term is a valid model for studying gastroesophageal reflux. Seven bottle-fed lambs, aged 2-3 days, underwent esophageal Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH). A total of 196 reflux episodes were recorded, including 73% alkaline and 27% weakly acid. No acid refluxes ...
Shalumon K T - - 2012
Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) was blended with chitosan (CS) to fabricate electrospun aligned PLA-CS nanofibers. These prepared nanofibers were aligned using a novel collector made of parallel blades which is designed to increase the transversal electric field across the gap. SEM images show that the fiber diameter mostly ranges between 150 ...
Serra-Majem Lluis - - 2012
The aims of the present study were to review the validity of dietary methods used to measure the usual long chain (LC) omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) intake of a population and to assess the usefulness of different biomarkers of n-3 PUFA in healthy humans. Two systematic literature searches ...
Tiwari Anjani K - - 2012
AbstractThe acetylcholine receptor is an essential link between the brain and the muscles, so it is a sensitive location for attack. In this study, some reversible [diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-(amino acid)2] have been docked computationally to the active site of the acetylcholine receptor. The induced fit method was employed to perform the ...
Calder Philip C - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the key earlier intervention studies with marine omega-3 fatty acids and to review and comment on recent studies reporting on mortality outcomes and on selected underlying mechanisms of action. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies relating marine omega-3 fatty acid status to current or future ...
Lai Beryl - - 2012
Sevelamer hydrochloride (HCL) is thought to require an appropriately acidic environment in order to bind gastrointestinal phosphate. Changes in gastric acidity with acid suppressants may therefore alter the efficacy of sevelamer HCL. Given the widespread use of acid suppression therapy in chronic kidney disease patients, there is potential for a ...
Alizadeh Kamal - - 2012
Complexation of a fluoroquinolone derivative (ciprofloxacin), L, and some amino acids has been studied using spectrofluorimetric method. Results indicated that ciprofloxacin have a greater tendency to form a 1:1 complex with aspartic acid and arginine than the other tested molecules. The fluorescence of ciprofloxacin exhibits quenching process while it has ...
Zheng Jie - - 2012
Sea buckthorn berries (<i>Hippophaë rhamnoides</i> ssp. <i>mongolica</i>) of nine varieties were collected from three growth locations in five inconsecutive years (n = 152) to study the compositional differences of sugars, sugar alcohols, fruit acids and ascorbic acid in berries of different genotypes. Fructose and glucose (major sugars) were highest in ...
Delyfer Marie-Noëlle - - 2012
To assess the correlation between macular pigment optical density and plasma levels of lutein, zeaxanthin, and fatty acids, especially omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). The PIMAVOSA study is an observational study of 107 healthy volunteers, aged 20 to 60 years and born in southwest France, without histories of ocular disease. ...
Baker K R - - 2012
In osteoarthritis (OA) the synovium is often inflamed and inflammatory cytokines contribute to cartilage damage. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have anti-inflammatory effects whereas omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) have, on balance, proinflammatory effects. The goal of our study was to assess the association of fasting plasma phospholipid ...
Franco D - - 2012
The aim of this research was to study the Mos rooster breed growth performance, carcass, and meat quality. The breed effect (Mos vs. Sasso T-44) and finishing feed in the last month (fodder vs. corn) on animal growth, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and fatty and amino acid profiles were studied ...
Pandya Jagruti J - - 2012
The production of extracellular xylanase by a locally isolated strain of Aspergillus tubingensis JP-1 was studied under solid-state fermentation. Among the various agro residues used wheat straw was found to be the best for high yield of xylanase with poor cellulase production. The influence of various parameters such as initial ...
Cahenzli Fabian - - 2012
Butterfly-pollinated flowers offer nectar with higher amino acid concentrations than most flowers pollinated by other animals, and female butterflies of some species prefer to consume amino acid-rich nectar. However, for over 30 years, there has been an ongoing discussion about whether nectar amino acids benefit butterfly fitness. A clear positive effect ...
Castro Jose Luis - - 2012
The Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) of benzoic acid/benzamide and salicylic acid/salicylamide on silver colloids show important wavenumber shifts with respect to the Raman spectrum of the band assigned to mode 1;ring when adsorbed on the metal surface (ca. +50 cm-1). In the case of the acids, this shift is originated ...
Li Yi - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Trends in precipitation pH and conductivity during 1992-2009, and in ionic compositions from January 2007 to June 2009, are reported from Lushan Mountain, one of the highest mountains in mid-east China. Annual mean pH was in the range of 4.35-5.01 and showed a statistically very significant (P < 0.01) decreasing trend ...
Chen Gen-Qiang - - 2012
The cascade reactions of 1-arenoylcyclopropanecarboxylic acids with arenes proceed smoothly in freshly distilled HOTf to give the corresponding tetrahydro-5H-benzo[c]fluorene derivatives in good yields along with high stereoselectivities under mild conditions.
Song Liu - - 2012
Being direct: A Brønsted acid catalyzed α alkylation of ketones is described. The phosphoric acid 1 promoted this reaction to afford the desired products with high yields, high diastereoselectivities, and good to excellent enantioselectivites.
Hayase Sayaka - - 2012
Humic substances that preferentially adsorb at the air/water interfaces of water or aerosols consist of both fulvic and humic acid. To investigate the chemical reactivity for the heterogeneous reaction of gaseous ozone, O3(g), with aqueous iodide, I-(aq), in the presence of standard fulvic acid, humic acid or alcohol, cavity ring-down ...
Burroughs Laurence - - 2012
Esters of proteinogenic amino acids efficiently catalyse the formation of erythrose and threose under potentially prebiotic conditions in the highest yields and enantioselectivities yet reported. Remarkably while esters of (l)-proline yield (l)-tetroses, esters of (l)-leucine, (l)-alanine and (l)-valine generate (d)-tetroses, offering the potential to account for the link between natural ...
Mazurkiewicz Roman - - 2012
N-Acyl-alpha-amino acids were efficiently transformed in a two-step procedure into 1-N-(acylamino)alkyltriphenylphosphonium salts - new powerful alpha-amidoalkylating agents. The effect of the alpha-amino acid structure, the base used [MeONa, or a silica gel-supported piperidine (SiO2-Pip)], and the main electrolysis parameters (current density, charge consumption) on the yield and selectivity of the ...
Mishra Ashutosh - - 2012
The project was aimed at synthesizing and characterizing amino acid conjugate of naproxen (categorically stated as Type II A prodrug) that is expected to enhance solubility without affecting permeability and is capable of delivering naproxen (NAP) to colon without significant reversion of prodrug in gastrointestinal conditions. Thus, naproxen-glycine conjugate (NAP-GLY) ...
Rantsiou Kalliopi - - 2012
In this study we investigated the possibility of using Candida zemplinina, as a partner of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in mixed fermentations of must with a high sugar content, in order to reduce its acetic acid production. Thirty-five C. zemplinina strains, which were isolated from different geographic regions, were molecularly characterized, and ...
Kim Jun Seok - - 2012
Empty fruit bunch (EFB), a residual product of the palm plantation, is an attractive biomass for biorefinery. As xylan is susceptible to high temperature pretreatment, it is important to setup a proper pretreatment condition to maximize the sugar recovery from EFB. Kinetic parameters of mathematical models were obtained in order ...
Westfall Patrick J - - 2012
Malaria, caused by Plasmodium sp, results in almost one million deaths and over 200 million new infections annually. The World Health Organization has recommended that artemisinin-based combination therapies be used for treatment of malaria. Artemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from the plant Artemisia annua. However, the supply and price ...
Abad Sergi - - 2012
The amount of glycerol derived from the biodiesel industry is exponentially increasing. The valorization of glycerol has acquired attention and resources with an obvious economic and environmental interest. Glycerol has the potential to improve the profitability of biodiesel in a biorefinery scenario. Added-value metabolites obtained from glycerol-based fermentations are the ...
Wu Na-Na - - 2012
The present investigation aimed to expand the knowledge of the in vitro bioaccessibility of fatty acids and tocopherol from natural soybean oil body emulsions stabilized with different concentrations of ι-carrageenan. Several physicochemical parameters including proteolysis of the interfacial layer, interfacial composition and microstructure were evaluated with regard to their impact ...
Mönch Sabine - - 2012
A dual label stable isotope dilution assay was developed to trace the deconjugation efficiency of polyglutamic folate vitamers converted to their monoglutamic analogues. For this purpose, [13C5]-pteroylheptaglutamate was synthesized and added during extraction of foods as a tracer isotopologue along with [2H4]-5-methyltetrahydrofolate, [2H4]-5-formyltetrahydrofolate, [2H4]-tetrahydrofolate, [2H4]-10-formylfolate and [2H4]-folic acid. The [2H4]-labelled ...
Eichner Simone - - 2012
The amide synthase of the geldanamycin producer, Streptomyces hygroscopicus, shows a broader chemoselectivity than the corresponding amide synthase present in Actinosynnema pretiosum, the producer of the highly cytotoxic ansamycin antibiotics, the ansamitocins. This was demonstrated when blocked mutants of both strains incapable of biosynthesizing 3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid (AHBA), the polyketide synthase ...
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