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Fairfax Keke C KC Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nematodes are unable to synthesize fatty acids de novo and must acquire them from the environment or host. It is hypothesized that two unique classes of fatty acid and retinol binding proteins that nematodes produce (fatty acid and retinol binding (FAR) and nematode polyprotein antigen/allergen (NPA)) are used to meet ...
Sharon Etery E Institute of Chemistry, The Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel. - - 2014
Two-sized luminescent nucleic acid-functionalized Ag nanoclusters (NCs) are implemented for the analysis and multiplexed detection of adenosine monophosphate, AMP, and of cocaine using aptamer-ligand complexes.
Yang Yin Y Université de Corse, UMR CNRS 6134, Laboratoire Chimie des Produits Naturels, Campus Grimaldi, BP 52, F-20250 Corte (phone: +33-4-95450187; fax: - - 2014
Melissopalynological, physicochemical, and volatile analyses of 29 samples of Corsican 'summer maquis' honey were performed. The pollen spectrum was characterized by a wide diversity of nectariferous and/or polleniferous taxa. The most important were Anthyllis hermanniae and Rubus sp., associated with some endemic taxa. Castanea sativa was also determined in these ...
Cai Yan Y Shanghai Cancer Center and Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugates Research Ministry of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, P. R. China. ying@fudan.edu.cn - - 2014
A general and simple labeling method, termed glycan reductive isotope-coded amino acid labeling (GRIAL), was developed for mass spectrometry-based quantitative N-glycomics.
Otsuka Rei R Section of Longitudinal Study of Aging, National Institute for Longevity Sciences (NILS-LSA), National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 430 7-Choume, Morioka-cho, Obu, Aichi 474-8511, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cross-sectional studies have shown age-related increases in blood docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acid and decreases in arachidonic acid. We describe serum docosahexaenoic, eicosapentaenoic, and arachidonic acid concentrations over 13 years (1997-2012) across four study waves and serum fatty acid composition over 4 years (2006-2012) between two study waves according to age ...
Kaneko Shu S a Ogawa & Co. Ltd. , Urayasu , - - 2014
Thirty-nine key aroma compounds were newly identified or tentatively identified in the aroma concentrate of Japanese sweet rice wine (Mirin) by an aroma extract dilution analysis technique based on the 68 detected peaks. Among them, 3-(methylthio)propanal, 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone, 3-methylbutanoic acid, 2-methylbutanoic acid, and 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol were detected with the highest FD factors ...
Zheng Jia J College of Light Industry, Textile & Food Engineering and Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Sichuan Univ, Chengdu, 610065, China; Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Oregon State Univ, Corvallis, 97331, OR, - - 2014
Grain fermenting with separate layers in a fermentation pit is the typical and experiential brewing technology for Chinese Luzhou-flavor liquor. However, it is still unclear to what extent the bacterial communities in the different layers of fermented grains (FG) effects the liquor's quality. In this study, the spatial distributions of ...
Street Steven John SJ a School of Psychology and Counselling , Queensland University of Technology , Kelvin Grove , - - 2014
Objectives: To evaluate relationships between self-reported physical activity, proportions of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3) in erythrocyte content (percentage of total fatty acids) and risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Community-dwelling male and female (n = 84) participants over the ...
Ruhl C E CE Social & Scientific Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, MD, - - 2014
Validated non-invasive measures of fatty liver are needed that can be applied across populations and over time. A fatty liver index (FLI) including body mass index, waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity was developed in an Italian municipality, but has not been validated widely or examined in a ...
Rani Zikhona T ZT Department of Microbial, Biochemical and Food Biotechnology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South - - 2014
The objective of the study was to determine the quality and fatty acid profiles of mutton cuts purchased from rural and urban localities in South Africa. Five hundred and ten samples were collected in four seasons from both rural and urban shops and butcheries. Samples were immediately transported to the ...
Morteza Elham E a Depatment of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Sciences , College of Aburaihan, University of Tehran , Pakdasht , Tehran , - - 2014
In order to investigate the composition of borage (Borago officinalis L.) seed oil, this research was performed under the field conditions at Shahriyar and Garmsar zones, Iran during the 2012 planting year. The oil yield of borage was 31.46% and 33.7% at Shahriyar and Garmsar zone, respectively, and nine and ...
Zhu Ying Y University of Adelaide, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2015
The effects of deficit irrigation on almond fatty acid and tocopherol levels were studied in a field trial. Mature almond trees were subjected to three levels of deficit irrigation (85%, 70% and 55% of potential crop evapotranspiration (ETo), as well as control (100% ETo) and over-irrigation (120% ETo) treatments. Two ...
Khattab Sherine N SN Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, P.O. Box 426, Ibrahimia, Alexandria 21321, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2015
New stevia amino acid sweeteners, stevia glycine ethyl ester (ST-GL) and stevia l-alanine methyl ester (ST-GL), were synthesised and characterised by IR, NMR ((1)H NMR and (13)C NMR) and elemental analysis. The purity of the new sweeteners was determined by HPLC and their sensory properties were evaluated relative to sucrose ...
Vannorsdall Tracy D TD Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe St. Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Department of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe St. Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Serum uric acid is a powerful antioxidant that may have neuroprotective properties. While some studies have found that greater serum uric acid is associated with better cognition in older adults, it is also associated with numerous vascular risk factors that increase risk for dementia. Women may also be particularly vulnerable ...
Remini Hocine H Laboratoire de Biomathématiques, Biophysique, Biochimie, et Scientométrie (L3BS), Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria. Electronic address: - - 2015
The stability of ascorbic acid and colour intensity in pasteurised blood orange juice (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck) during one month of storage was investigated at 4-37°C. The effects of ascorbic acid fortification (at 100, 200mgL(-1)) and deaeration, temperature/time storage on the kinetic behaviour were determined. Ascorbic acid was monitored by ...
Rubino Mauro M a Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica , Seconda Università di Napoli , Caserta , - - 2014
In this study, we evaluated trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives as derivatization reagents for the compound-specific stable carbon isotope analysis of soil amino acids by gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS). We used non-proteinogenic amino acids to show that the extraction-derivatization-analysis procedure provides a reliable method to measure δ(13)C values of amino ...
González-Gaya Belén - - 2014
In this study, perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) were analyzed in 92 surface seawater samples taken during the Malaspina 2010 expedition which covered all the tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. Nine ionic PFASs including C6-C10 perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs), C4 and C6-C8 perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs) and two neutral ...
Mallamaci Francesca F CNR-IFC/IBIM, Reggio Calabria; Unità Operativa di Nefrologia, Ipertensione e Trapianto Renale Ospedali Riuniti, Reggio Cal, - - 2014
Hyperuricemia associates with atherosclerosis complications, but it is uncertain whether this relationship is causal in nature. The urate transporter GLUT9 (encoded by the SLC2A9 gene) is a major genetic determinant of serum uric acid level in humans. Because polymorphisms are distributed randomly at mating (Mendelian randomization), studies based on GLUT9 ...
Duckett S K SK Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 - - 2014
Angus-cross steers (n = 96; BW = 309 ± 34 kg; 13.5 mo of age) were used to determine the effects of frame size (medium or small) and time-on-pasture (TOP) on meat composition and palatability in a 2-yr study. Finishing steers grazed mixed pastures (bluegrass/white clover; April start) and were ...
Perng W W Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, - - 2014
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Studies in adults indicate that dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition may play a role in development of adiposity. Because adipocyte quantity is established between late childhood and early adolescence, understanding the impact of PUFAs on weight gain during the school-age years is crucial to developing effective interventions.SUBJECTS/METHODS:We quantified N-3 ...
Wu Xin X Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis and Instrumentation, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials (iChEM), Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China. - - 2014
Binding of the fluoride ion triggers aggregation of a pyreneboronic acid-catechol ensemble in acidic aqueous solutions, giving rise to intense excimer emission, allowing for sensitive fluoride ion sensing at ppm levels, with an apparent fluoride binding constant higher than 10(3) M(-1) which is unprecedented for boronic acid sensors in water.
Alavian Raheleh - - 2014
In this research the composition of fatty acids and saturated fatty acids at the sn-2 position [SFA (sn-2)] of triacylglycerols were determined in 9 samples of extra virgin olive oils from different regions of Iran, including Gilan, Golestan, Zanjan, and Qazvin in the north, Kermanshah in the west and Fars ...
Cai Shengxin S Natural Products Discovery Group, Institute for Natural Products Applications and Research Technologies, and ‡Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Stephenson Life Sciences Research Center, 101 Stephenson Parkway, University of Oklahoma , Norman, Oklahoma 73019-5251, United - - 2014
Polluxochrin (1) and dioschrin (2), two new dimers of sulochrin linked by thioether bonds, were purified from an Alternaria sp. isolate obtained from a Hawaiian soil sample. The structures of the two metabolites were established by NMR, mass spectrometry data, and X-ray analysis. Metabolite 1 was determined to be susceptible ...
Doménech-Carbó Antonio A Analytical Chemistry Department, Universitat de València, Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
An in situ electrochemical contact probe methodology for characterising tomato samples is proposed. It is based on the record of the voltammetric response of antioxidant compounds when glassy carbon electrodes are inserted into the pericarp of fresh tomato specimens cut in half. The absence of pretreatment and in situ sampling ...
Li Zhixia Z College of Agronomy, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, 230036, - - 2014
To understand the effect of low-molecular-weight (LMW) glutenin alleles at Glu-A3 locus on the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) sedimentation volume and solvent retention capacity (SRC) values, 244 accessions of Chinese wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) mini core collections were investigated. In this study, we explained the significant differences in wholemeal flour ...
Choi Young Sim YS Division of Metabolic Disease, Center for Biomedical Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Cheongju, - - 2014
Obesity in childhood increases the risk of obesity in adulthood, and is predictive of the development of metabolic disorders. The fatty acid compositions of various tissues, including blood, are associated with obesity and obesity-associated disorders. Thus, tracking plasma phospholipid (PL) features and metabolic parameters in young individuals may strengthen the ...
Storrustløkken Linda L Animalia - Norwegian Meat and Poultry Research Centre, P.O. Box 396 Økern, N-0513, Oslo, Norway; Dept. of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian Univ. of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, N-1432, Aas, - - 2014
The evolution of fatty acid classes (ΣSFA, ΣMUFA, and ΣPUFA) in neutral lipids (NL) and phospholipids (PL) in pigs were studied. The M. biceps femoris in green hams from Norwegian breeds Landrace (LR), Duroc (DU), and Hampshire (HS) slaughtered at 6, 7.5, and 9 mo of age were examined. The ...
Ahmad A L - - 2014
Three methods for harvesting Chlorella sp. biomass were analysed in this paper--centrifugation, membrane microfiltration and coagulation: there was no significant difference between the total amount of biomass obtained by centrifugation and membrane microfiltration, i.e., 0.1174 +/- 0.0308 and 0.1145 +/- 0.0268 g, respectively. Almost the same total lipid content was ...
He Nannan N Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, N19 W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0819, Japan; Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, N10 W5, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0810, - - 2014
Aerosol samples were collected in autumn 2007 on day- and nighttime basis in the northern receptor site of Beijing, China. The samples were analyzed for total carbon (TC) and water-soluble dicarboxylic acids (C2-C12), oxocarboxylic acids (C2-C9), glyoxal and methylglyoxal to better understand the photochemical aging of organic aerosols in the ...
Vilanova M M Misión Biológica de Galicia (CSIC), PO Box 28, 38080 Pontevedra, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
A chemical study was conducted from 2009 to 2012 to examine spatial and seasonal variability of red Vitis vinifera Mencía located in different geographic areas (Amandi, Chantada, Quiroga-Bibei, Ribeiras do Sil and Ribeiras do Miño) from NW Spain. Mencía samples were analysed for phenolic, (flavan-3-ols, flavonols, anthocyanins, acids and resveratrol), ...
Parpinello Giuseppina Paola GP Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Piazza Goidanich 60, Cesena, FC 47521, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2015
The effects of biodynamic production practices on composition and sensory attributes of Sangiovese wines were examined for 2years (2009 and 2010) in a vineyard that was converted from organic (ORG) to biodynamic (BDN) viticulture. During the first year (2009), the BDN wines were characterised by low alcohol strength, colour intensity, ...
Khandare Arjun L AL Food & Drug Toxicology Centre (ICMR), Hyderabad, - - 2014
Neurolathyrism is a non progressive motor neuron disorder engendered by the prolonged over-consumption of Lathyrus sativus (grass pea) seeds which contain a neurotoxic amino acid, β-N oxalyl- L-α, β-diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP). It is characterized by spastic paraparesis in the hind limbs. The present study was conducted in 105 households (HHs) ...
Phakthong Wilaiwan W Alpha Flow Analysis Group, Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellent for Innovation in Chemistry (PERCH-CIC) Together with Materials Science Research Center, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, - - 2014
A reversed flow injection (rFI) system was designed and constructed for gallic acid determination. Gallic acid was determined based on the formation of chromogen between gallic acid and rhodanine, resulting in a colored product with a λmax at 520nm. The optimum conditions for determining gallic acid were also investigated. Optimizations ...
Feng Yunzi Y College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, - - 2015
Twenty-seven commercial soy sauces produced through three different fermentation processes (high-salt liquid-state fermentation soy sauce, HLFSS; low-salt solid-state fermentation soy sauce, LSFSS; Koikuchi soy sauce, KSS) were examined to identify the aroma compounds and the effect of fermentation process on the flavour of the soy sauce was investigated. Results showed ...
Laszlo Joseph A JA Renewable Product Technology, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research , Peoria, IL , - - 2014
Abstract Context: The acylglycerides of lipoic and dihydrolipoic acids may serve as slow-release sources for cutaneous delivery of these antioxidants when formulated in a liposomal vehicle. Objective: Testing was conducted to determine the storage stability of lipoyl glycerides in phospholipid-based liposomes. Materials and methods: Lipoyl glycerides prepared by transesterification of ...
Goldson A A Department of Chemistry, The University of the West Indies, Kingston 7, - - 2014
To re-investigate the composition of ackee oil and unequivocally determine its principal fatty acid components. Oil was extracted from the edible portion of ackees harvested in three different studies (I-III) by several analysts; studies I and II utilized composite samples from several trees while study III consisted of ackees from ...
Ding Xinghong X Analysis and Testing Center, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, - - 2014
Jieduquyuziyin prescription (JP), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription, has been widely used for the clinical treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the complex chemical constituents of JP and the multifactorial pathogenesis of SLE make research on the therapeutic mechanism of JP in SLE challenging. In this paper, a ...
Manaf Yanty Noorzianna Abdul NA Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra - - 2014
A study was carried out to determine the physicochemical characteristics of the oil derived from papaya seeds of the Hong Kong/Sekaki variety. Proximate analysis showed that seeds of the Hong Kong/Sekaki variety contained considerable amount of oil (27.0%). The iodine value, saponification value, unsaponifiable matter and free fatty acid contents ...
Paunescu A C AC Pierre Ayotte, Axe santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec, 2875 boulevard Laurier, Édifice Delta 2, bureau 600, Québec, QC, Canada G1V 2M2, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the status in selected saturated (SFAs) and monounsaturated (MUFAs) fatty acids and the Stiffness Index (SI) in Inuit women from Nunavik (Northern Quebec, Canada). Cross-sectional descriptive study. Inuit population from 14 communities who participated to Qanuippitaa? How are we? ...
Lee Hye Won HW TKM-Based Herbal Drug Research Group, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
Lycii Fructus was used as natural products with therapeutic properties for a long time. Betaine is a natural amino acid and one of the major constituents of Lycii Fructus. It is reported that this fruit plays a role in reducing blood levels of homocysteine, a toxic byproduct of the amino ...
Chen Yongsheng Y School of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, The People's Republic of - - 2014
Increased consumption of vegetables or plant food has been associated with decreased risk of developing major chronic diseases, such as cancers, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and age-related functional decline. Ramie leaves are rich in phenolics and flavonoids, which have been suggested for human health benefits. Phenolic contents, flavonoid contents, phenolic compounds, ...
Liu Zhen Z State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing; Key Laboratory of Catalysis, CNPC, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266580, People's Republic of China ; Department of Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, People's Republic of - - 2014
Three kinds of HZSM-5 nanoparticles with different acidity were tailored by impregnating MgO or varying Si/Al ratios. Both the textural and acidic properties of the as-prepared nanoparticles were characterized by nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), ammonia temperature-programmed desorption (NH3-TPD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR ...
Honors Mary Ann MA Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (M.A.H., L.J.H., X.Z., - - 2014
Intake of dietary fatty acids has been linked to cardiovascular disease risk. However, data available to evaluate trends in fatty acid intake in the US population are limited, particularly with regard to trans fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). The present analysis examined trends in fatty acid ...
Yoshida Miyako M Department of Clinical Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mukogawa Women's - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate an improved bitterness sensor which has been developed to allow the precise and sensitive prediction of the bitterness of acidic bitter pharmaceutical active ingredients, using as examples nine non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The bitterness of the nine NSAIDs was measured using a ...
Ali Hatem Salama Mohamed HS Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food Science and Agriculture, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh, 11451 Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Juices of edible fruits from Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller, commonly named prickly pears or Indian figs, were analysed for amino acids using an automated amino acid analyser run in the high-resolution physiological mode. Emphasis was put on the detection of free taurine (Tau), but Tau could be detected neither in ...
Lee Jiyeon - - 2013
Many murine monoclonal anti-DNA antibodies (Abs) derived from mice models for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have additional cell-penetration and/or nucleic acid-hydrolysis properties. Here, we examined the influence of deactivating each complementarity-determining region (CDR) within a multifunctional anti-nucleic acid Ab that possesses these activities, the catalytic 3D8 single chain variable fragment ...
Bach Jonathan F - - 2013
A 9-year-old castrated male Shetland sheepdog was diagnosed with necrolytic migratory erythema and hepatocutaneous syndrome. Necrolytic migratory erythema was treated with intermittent intravenous amino acids as needed to control cutaneous lesions. The addition of lipid infusions extended the treatment interval. The patient had a favorable response for 24 months.
Breiden Bernadette - - 2013
The epidermal permeability barrier of mammalian skin is localized in the stratum corneum. Corneocytes are embedded in an extracellular, highly ordered lipid matrix of hydrophobic lipids consisting of about 50% ceramides, 25% cholesterol and 15% long and very long chain fatty acids. The most important lipids for the epidermal barrier ...
Schlesinger Todd E TE Dermatology and Laser Center of Charleston, PA, Charleston, SC, USA. - - 2013
Rosacea is a chronic cutaneous disorder characterized by flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, edema, papules, and pustules. The cause of this inflammatory disorder is unknown, but is thought to be multifaceted. Primary treatments for rosacea are typically oral antibiotics and topical therapies. Hyaluronic acid sodium salt cream 0.2% is a topical device ...
Santos Adriana Oliveira dos AO Programa de Pós-Graduação em Microbiologia, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, PR, - - 2013
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease. According to the World Health Organization, there are approximately 1.5-two million new cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis each year worldwide. Chemotherapy against leishmaniasis is based on pentavalent antimonials, which were developed more than a century ago. The goals of this study were to investigate the ...
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