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Results 401 - 450 of 2329
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Li Jing-Yan - - 2011
Cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11 CLA) producing bacteria have attracted much attention as novel probiotics which have shown beneficial effects on host health. However, bile salts are able to inhibit bacterial growth and c9, t11 CLA production. For recovering growth and c9, t11 CLA production of Lactobacillus acidophilus ...
Gheinani Ali Hashemi - - 2011
Rhizopus oryzae is a filamentous fungus, belonging to the order Mucorales. It can ferment a wide range of carbohydrates hydrolyzed from lignocellulosic materials and even cellobiose to produce ethanol. However, R. oryzae also produces lactic acid as a major metabolite, which reduces the yield of ethanol. In this study, we ...
Ma Qian - - 2011
An artificial microbial community consisted of Ketogulonicigenium vulgare and Bacillus megaterium has been used in industry to produce 2-keto-gulonic acid (2-KGA), the precursor of vitamin C. During the mix culture fermentation process, sporulation and cell lysis of B. megaterium can be observed. In order to investigate how these phenomena correlate ...
Abdelkafi Slim - - 2011
Phospholipase D (PLD) belongs to a lipolytic enzyme subclass which catalyzes the hydrolysis and transesterification of glycerophospholipids at the terminal phosphodiester bond. In this work, we have studied the substrate specificity of PLDs from germinating sunflower seeds and cultured-soybean cells, using their capacity of transphosphatidylation. In the presence of a ...
Taurino Carlo - - 2011
Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used clinically in Europe and in Japan for the treatment of multi-resistant Gram-positive infections. It is produced by fermenting Actinoplanes teichomyceticus. The pharmaceutically active principle is teicoplanin A2, a complex of compounds designated T-A2-1-A2-5 differing in the length and branching of the fatty acid moiety ...
Zou Wei - - 2011
Succinic acid is a building-block chemical which could be used as the precursor of many industrial products. The dissolved CO2 concentration in the fermentation broth could strongly regulate the metabolic flux of carbon and the activity of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase, which are the important committed steps for the biosynthesis of ...
Winkler James - - 2011
The presence of anti-microbial phenolic compounds, such as the model compound ferulic acid, in biomass hydrolysates pose significant challenges to the widespread use of biomass in conjunction with whole cell biocatalysis or fermentation. Currently, these inhibitory compounds must be removed through additional downstream processing or sufficiently diluted to create environments ...
Werner Louise B - - 2011
Phytanic acid produced in ruminants from chlorophyll may have preventive effects on the metabolic syndrome, partly due to its reported RXR and PPAR- α agonist activity. Milk from cows fed increased levels of green plant material, contains increased phytanic acid concentrations, but it is unknown to what extent minor increases ...
Nguyen Minhtri K - - 2011
Upon the addition of protons to an aqueous solution, a component of the H+ load will be bound i.e. buffered. In an aqueous solution containing a triprotic acid, H+ can be bound to three different states of the acid as well as to OH- ions that are derived from the ...
Chen Kequan - - 2011
Rapeseed meal was evaluated for succinic acid production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation using Actinobacillus succinogenes ATCC 55618. Diluted sulfuric acid pretreatment and subsequent hydrolysis with pectinase was used to release sugars from rapeseed meal. The effects of culture pH, pectinase loading and yeast extract concentration on succinic acid production ...
Atangana Alain R AR Center for Forest Research (CEF), Faculty of Forestry and Geomatics, Pavillon Marchand, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 7P4. Electronic address: - - 2011
We determined whether Allanblackia floribunda, a forest tree species that is valued for the fat extracted from its seeds, could be genetically improved for fruit/seed production by sampling 17-40 fruits from each of 70 trees that were distributed among four sites in wild stands. Fat was extracted from the seeds, ...
Gibb Z - - 2010
The low efficiency of flow cytometric sex-sorting of stallion sperm has been attributed to the use of an opaque skim milk-based diluent during Hoechst 33342 (H33342) staining. Three experiments were conducted to formulate an optically clear stallion semen diluent for use during H33342 staining, and to determine whether a clear ...
Vater Corina - - 2010
Calcium phosphate cements (CPC), forming hydroxyapatite during the setting reaction, are characterized by good biocompatibility and osteoconductivity, however, their remodeling into native bone tissue is slow. One strategy to improve remodeling and bone regeneration is the directed modification of their nanostructure. In this study, a CPC was set in the ...
Lee Myung Sun - - 2010
Corosolic acid is one of the triterpenoids present in the leaves of Weigela subsessilis. The antidiabetic activity of corosolic acid has been reported previously, but to date, the anticancer effects on gastric cancer have been poorly studied. In this study, corosolic acid showed growth inhibition on SNU-601 human gastric cancer ...
Radhakrishnan Devesh - - 2010
Elementary flux mode (EFM) analysis is a powerful tool to represent the metabolic network structure and can be further utilized for flux analysis. The method enables characterization and quantification of feasible phenotypes in microbes. EFM analysis was employed to characterize the phenotype of Corynebacterium glutamicum to yield various amino acids. ...
Ohsaki Yuki - - 2010
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth that integrates signals from growth factors and nutrients. Recent studies have shown that an mTOR-containing complex, mTORC1, is targeted to lysosomes in the presence of amino acids and activated by Rheb GTPase resident in that compartment. In ...
Gasmi Jihane J Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut Armand-Frappier, Université du Québec, Laval, Québec H7 V1B7, - - 2010
Prostate cancer is a commonly diagnosed cancer in men, and dietary chemoprevention by pomegranate (Punica granatum) extracts has shown noticeable benefits. In this study, we investigated the growth inhibitory, antiandrogenic, and pro-apoptotic effects of 13 pure compounds found in the pomegranate in androgen-dependent LNCaP human prostate cancer cells. Cells deprived ...
Waller A P - - 2010
Standardbred and Thoroughbred racehorses around the world are tested for performance enhancing substances. Among these are blood alkalising substances that raise plasma pH and total carbon dioxide (TCO(2)) concentration. However, many horses have an elevated TCO(2) due to dietary, environmental and health concerns without having been administered an alkalising substance. ...
Howerton Amber - - 2011
Germination of Clostridium difficile spores is the first required step in establishing C. difficile-associated disease (CDAD). Taurocholate (a bile salt) and glycine (an amino acid) have been shown to be important germinants of C. difficile spores. In the present study, we tested a series of glycine and taurocholate analogs for ...
Kong Lingbo - - 2010
Dormant bacterial spores do not take up and bind nucleic acid dyes in the spore core but readily take up such dyes when they are fully germinated. We present a methodology that combines fluorescence microscopy, phase contrast microscopy, and laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy to monitor the kinetics of uptake of ...
Patel Divya K - - 2011
Two phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB), M3 and SP1, were obtained from the rhizosphere of mungbean and sweet potato, respectively and identified as strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Their rock phosphate (RP) solubilizing abilities were found to be due to secretion high amount of gluconic acid. In the presence of malate and ...
Alves Martins Dulce - - 2010
Soybean lecithin (SBL), used as a phospholipid source in larval fish diets, may compromise growth and survival in marine species, and affect gene expression, due to differences in fatty acid composition relative to marine lecithins (ML). The potential of SBL as a phospholipid source in gilthead seabream microdiets as compared ...
Roa Engel Carol A - - 2011
Dicarboxylic acids that are produced from renewable resources are becoming attractive building blocks for the polymers industry. In this respect, fumaric acid is very interesting. Its low aqueous solubility facilitates product recovery. To avoid excessive waste salt production during downstream processing, a low pH for fumaric acid fermentation will be ...
Napoli Fabio - - 2011
An assessment of the growth kinetics of acidogenic cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum DSM 792 is reported in the paper. Tests were carried out in a continuous stirred tank reactor under controlled conditions adopting a complex medium supplemented with lactose as carbon source to mimic cheese whey. The effects of acids ...
Chatzifragkou Afroditi - - 2010
Aim of the present study was to assess and evaluate the impact of various kinds of impurities of biodiesel-derived raw glycerol feedstock, upon microbial growth and 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) production by Clostridium butyricum. Preliminary trials in 200-mL anaerobic bottles revealed that the presence of NaCl at a concentration of 4.5% (w/w ...
Zelinová Veronika - - 2011
The short-term exposure of barley roots to low Al concentration caused significant root growth inhibition and radial swelling of roots. During Al treatment, the radial expansion of root cells occurred in root tissues representing elongation zone and meristem. Both low pH and Al treatments caused significant disruption of cell membranes ...
Blum Janna K - - 2010
The current enzymatic production of semisynthetic β-lactam antibiotics requires isolation and purification of the intermediate 6-aminopenicillanic acid which adds cost and complexity to the manufacturing process. In this work, we took advantage of the unique substrate specificity of a-amino ester hydrolases to perform a purely aqueous one-pot production of ampicillin ...
Gao Min-Tian - - 2011
In this paper, we presented a novel process involving activated carbon (AC) as an adsorbent for lactic acid fermentation, separation and oligomerization. It was found that pH has a significant effect on the adsorption of lactic acid on AC. The use of AC for in situ removal of lactic acid ...
Villa Federica - - 2010
The antifoulant, zosteric acid, was synthesized using a non-patented process. Zosteric acid at 500 mg l(-1) caused a reduction of bacterial (Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus) and fungal (Aspergillus niger, Penicillium citrinum) coverage by 90% and 57%, respectively. Calculated models allowed its antifouling activity to be predicted at different concentrations. Zosteric ...
Vílchez Ramiro - - 2010
In the human mouth, fungi and several hundred species of bacteria coexist. Here we report a case of interkingdom signaling in the oral cavity: A compound excreted by the caries bacterium Streptococcus mutans inhibits the morphological transition from yeast to hyphae, an important virulence trait, in the opportunistic fungus Candida ...
Kaushik Prachi - - 2010
In the present study potential of a fungal isolate Aspergillus lentulusFJ172995, was investigated for the removal of textile dyes. The removal percentages of dyes such as Acid Navy Blue, Orange-HF, Fast Red A, Acid Sulphone Blue and Acid Magenta were determined as 99.43, 98.82, 98.75, 97.67 and 69.98, respectively. None ...
Forján Eduardo - - 2011
Nannochloropsis, a green microalga, is a source for commercially valuable compounds as extensively described and, in particular, is recognised as a good potential source of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5ϖ3), an important polyunsaturated fatty acid for human consumption for prevention of several diseases. Climate change might include variation in the ultraviolet (UV) ...
Spitsmeister Merli - - 2010
Quantitative fatty acid composition of microorganisms at various growth space points is required for understanding membrane associated processes of cells, but the majority of the relevant publications still restrict to the relative compositions. In the current study, a simple and reliable method for quantitative measurement of fatty acid content in ...
Hunt Ryan W - - 2010
The influence of 12 biochemical stimulants, namely 2-phenylacetic acid (PAA; 30 ppm), indole-3 butyric acid (IBA; 10 ppm), 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA; 2.5, 5 and 10 ppm ), gibberellic acid (GA3, 10 ppm), zeatin (ZT; 0.002 ppm), thidiazuron (0.22 ppm), humic acid (20 ppm), kelp extract (250 ppm), methanol (500 ppm), ...
Schachtschabel Doreen - - 2010
Trisporic acid, its precursors and derivatives are used within zygomycete fungi as communication signals and sexual regulators, and also influence the production rate of the parent compound, beta-carotene. Cultivation parameters during growth and the trisporoid production phase of Blakeslea trispora were studied in two-step shake flask cultures and up-scaled fermentations. ...
Fulke Abhay B - - 2010
In this study, an attempt was made to use micro-algal system for the production of biodiesel precursors and simultaneous CO(2) mitigation. Chlorella sp. was found to have a higher growth rate as compared to the other algal species tested namely Chlamydomonas sp. and Synnecococcus sp. At different CO(2) concentrations (0.03%, ...
Mauch A - - 2010
A total of 129 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were screened for antifungal activity against common Fusarium spp. isolated from brewing barley. Four out of the five most inhibiting isolates were identified as Lactobacillus brevis, whereas one belonged to Weissella cibaria. L. brevis PS1, the isolate showing the largest inhibition spectrum, ...
Schilling Dominik - - 2010
Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) are key players in prokaryotic metabolic circuits, allowing the cell to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Regulatory interference by sRNAs in cellular metabolism is often facilitated by the Sm-like protein Hfq. A search for novel sRNAs in A. baylyi intergenic regions was performed by a biocomputational ...
Guo GuoQing - - 2010
Salvianolic acid B is isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, the root of which is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat stroke. However, little is known about how salvianolic acid B influences growth characteristics of neural stem cells (NSCs). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the ...
Salvioli Alessandra - - 2010
Summary The aim of this paper was to understand whether the endobacterium identified as Candidatus Glomeribacter gigasporarum has an effect on the biology of its host, the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Gigaspora margarita, through the study of the modifications induced on the fungal proteome and lipid profile. The availability of G. ...
Mäkivuokko H - - 2010
The effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM™, lactitol, and the combination of lactitol and L. acidophilus NCFM™ were studied with a semi-continuous colon fermentation simulation; consisting of compartments mimicking, ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon and their conditions with faecal inoculation. L. acidophilus NCFM™ was detected throughout the colon simulator. Lactitol ...
Ashby Richard D - - 2010
Candida bombicola, a known producer of sophorolipids (SLs; glycolipid surfactants), was grown on glycerol and oleic acid with up to 1.5% (v/v) methanol in the fermentation growth media to assess the effects of methanol presence on SL synthesis and structural distribution. Increasing methanol concentrations had little effect on the growth ...
Lee S-Y SY Department of Food and Nutrition, Chung-Ang University, Anseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, South - - 2010
To test the efficacy of a chemical (chlorous acid) for reducing the numbers of viable Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris spores in laboratory media and on apples. Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris spores in aqueous suspension and on apple surfaces of four different cultivars were treated with 268 ppm chlorous acid. Treatment with 268 ppm chlorous ...
Alegre Isabel - - 2010
Consumption of fresh-cut produce has sharply increased recently causing an increase of foodborne illnesses associated with these products. As generally, acidic fruits are considered 'safe' from a microbiological point of view, the aim of this work was to study the growth and survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella and Listeria ...
Whitaker W Brian - - 2010
Vibrio parahaemolyticus inhabits marine, brackish, and estuarine waters worldwide, where fluctuations in salinity pose a constant challenge to the osmotic stress response of the organism. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a moderate halophile, having an absolute requirement for salt for survival, and is capable of growth at 1 to 9% NaCl. It ...
Marrero Joeli - - 2010
Metabolic adaptation to the host niche is a defining feature of the pathogenicity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In vitro, Mtb is able to grow on a variety of carbon sources, but mounting evidence has implicated fatty acids as the major source of carbon and energy for Mtb during infection. When ...
Olsen Arne M - - 2010
Liposarcomas (LS) are mesenchymal tumors that can recur after surgical resection and often do not respond to presently available medical therapies. This study demonstrates the dependence of LS on de novo long-chain fatty acid synthesis for growth. Lipogenesis can be impaired by inhibiting the activities of lipogenic enzymes, including acetyl ...
Pope Francis D - - 2010
We describe a newly constructed electrodynamic balance with which to measure the relative mass of single aerosol particles at varying relative humidity. Measurements of changing mass with respect to the relative humidity allow mass (m) growth factors (m(aqueous)/m(dry)) and diameter (d) growth factors (d(aqueous)/d(dry)) of the aerosol to be determined. ...
Ma Xi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attenuation effects of consuming a small dose of lipoic acid on soybean glycinin-induced hypersensitivity using a rat model. Sensitized by gavage with glycinin, weaned rats were orally supplemented with the diet containing 12.5 mug of lipoic acid/g (per diet). Results showed ...
Hintze Paul E - - 2010
Dipicolinic acid (pyridine-2,6-carboxylic acid; DPA) is a major component of bacterial spores and has been shown to be an important determinant of spore resistance. In the core of dormant Bacillus subtilis spores, DPA is associated with divalent calcium in a 1:1 chelate (Ca-DPA). Spores excrete Ca-DPA during germination, but it ...
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