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Results 401 - 450 of 2363
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Guo Peng - - 2011
The effects of sulfuric acid, acetic acid, aqueous ammonia, sodium hydroxide, and steam explosion pretreatments of corn stalk on organic acid production by a microbial consortium, MC1, were determined. Steam explosion resulted in a substrate that was most favorable for microbial growth and organic acid productions. The total amounts of ...
Jiang T - - 2011
The objective was to determine the impact of increasing levels of Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; C20:5n3) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6n3) on beef palatability. Two commercial supplements of EPA and DHA were added to 85% lean ground beef patties (176.2±3.76g) with different levels (0, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, and 1% ...
Bílková Eliška - - 2011
The acylation of prednisolone 20-hydrazone with star poly(ethylene glycol) tetracarboxylic acid (M=20,000) has been used to prepare the corresponding pH-sensitive conjugate. With α-cyclodextrin, this conjugate forms a polypseudorotaxane, which was characterised by means of (1)H NMR spectra, powder X-ray diffraction patterns and STM microscopy. The rate of acid-catalysed hydrolysis of ...
Valladão A B G - - 2011
The hydrolysis of effluent from a poultry slaughterhouse containing 800mg oil and grease (O&G)/L was conducted with 1% (w/v) of an enzymatic pool obtained by solid-state fermentation with the fungus Penicillium restrictum. The chromatographic evaluation of the lipid profile during hydrolysis indicated a higher concentration of acids after 4h of ...
Nassar Nashaat N - - 2011
This study investigates the effect of surface acidity and basicity of aluminas on asphaltene adsorption followed by air oxidation. Equilibrium batch adsorption experiments were conducted at 25°C with solutions of asphaltenes in toluene at concentrations ranging from 100 to 3000g/L using three conventional alumina adsorbents with different surface acidity. Data ...
Velmurugan Rajendran - - 2011
In this study, the production of sugar monomers from sugarcane bagasse (SCB) by sono-assisted acid hydrolysis was performed. The SCB was subjected to sono-assisted alkaline pretreatment. The cellulose and hemicellulose recovery observed in the solid content was 99% and 78.95%, respectively and lignin removal observed during the pretreatment was about ...
YemiƟ Oktay - - 2011
Furfural is a biomass derived-chemical that can be used to replace petrochemicals. In this study, the acid-catalyzed conversion of xylose and xylan to furfural by microwave-assisted reaction was investigated at selected ranges of temperature (140-190°C), time (1-30min), substrate concentration (1:5-1:200 solid:liquid ratio), and pH (2-0.13). We found that a temperature ...
Scerra M - - 2011
Forty male Italian Merino lambs were used to study the effects of four feeding systems on muscle fatty acids composition: S group-ten lambs were kept indoors, and fed with concentrate for all experimental period (89days); P group-ten lambs were allowed to graze a pasture for all experimental period; PS37 group-ten ...
Shen Jiacheng - - 2011
Pretreatment of corn stover in 0.5% sulfuric acid at 160°C for 40min realized a maximum monomeric plus oligomeric xylose yield of 93.1% compared to a maximum of only 71.5% for hydrothermal (no added mineral acid) pretreatment at 180°C for 30min. To explain differences in dilute acid and hydrothermal yields, a ...
Salon Jozef - - 2011
It is challenging to effectively deprotect hydroxyl groups of acid-or-base sensitive bio-macromolecules without causing even minor defects and compromising high quality of final products. We report here a mild detritylation strategy in mildly acidic buffers to remove the DMTr protection from the 5'-hydroxyl groups of synthetic nucleic acids. The DMTr-groups ...
Abdel-Nour Nicolas - - 2011
Quantification of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is an important aspect in quality control of designer eggs. Prediction of these fatty acids would be of value for egg grading stations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) to classify the eggs according ...
Nayak Anjali - - 2011
Ibuprofen-polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugates (PEG-Ibu) were prepared and their potential as a prolonged release system was investigated. Two PEG-Ibu conjugates were synthesized from Ibuprofen and PEG with two different molecular weights by esterification in the presence of DCC and DMAP. The PEG-Ibu conjugates were characterized by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, Mass ...
Zargar Atanaz - - 2011
Abstract Background: Dietary fish oil supplements are increasingly used as an alternative to prescription-grade omega-3 fatty acids (P-OM3) for the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia. The content of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in these supplement products varies widely and may result in a suboptimal response. The aim of this ...
Hristov Georgi - - 2011
In the search for new and effective prodrugs against the herpes simplex virus, a series of acyclovir analogues with a thiazole ring containing amino acids (glycine, alanine, valine, leucine) has been investigated. The chemical stability of some of the compounds containing different residues was studied at pH 1 and pH ...
Di Cagno Raffaella - - 2011
Weissella cibaria, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus sp. and Lactobacillus pentosus were variously identified from blackberries, prunes, kiwifruits, papaya and fennels by partial 16S rRNA gene sequence. Representative isolates from each plant species were screened based on the kinetics of growth on fruit juices. A protocol for processing and storage of red ...
Cao Yang - - 2011
Total mixed ration (TMR) silage in different seasons was prepared with apple refuse, orchardgrass hay, orchardgrass silage, corn silage and a commercial compound feed in Tohoku, Japan, and with tofu cake, brewers' grains, tall fescue hay, Sudangrass hay, timothy hay, alfalfa hay and a commercial compound feed in Shikoku, Japan, ...
Höfer Philipp - - 2011
Discussion on and use of methanol as chemical feedstock and as alternative fuel has gained momentum during the past years. Consequently, microorganism and product design based on ''methylotrophism'' is in vogue as reflected by increasing research and development activities in methanol-related areas. A recent example of microorganism and product development ...
Cho Do-Yeon DY Division of Rhinology, Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2011
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a misfunctional CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein, which is believed to contributes to the regulation of the airway surface liquid (ASL) pH. This study investigated acid and base secretion in freshly excised human nasal tissues from CF patients homozygous for the ΔF508 mutation. ...
Rajanarayanan S - - 2011
The present study was carried out to identify the urinary sex pheromones of buffaloes and their role in relation to bull reproductive behaviour. Urinary samples were collected from 12 buffalo heifers at four different phases of estrous cycles. Fourteen compounds were identified throughout the cycle, which included phenol, ketone, alkane, ...
Papalexandratou Zoi - - 2011
To compare the spontaneous cocoa bean fermentation process carried out in different cocoa-producing regions, heap and box (one Ivorian farm) and box (two Brazilian farms) fermentations were carried out. All fermentations were studied through a multiphasic approach. In general, the temperature inside the fermenting mass increased throughout all fermentations and ...
Butts Ian Anthony Ernest - - 2011
Our objectives were to compare spermatozoa activity, morphology, and seminal plasma (SP) biochemistry between wild and cultivated Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Swimming velocities of wild cod spermatozoa were significantly faster than those of cultivated males. Wild males had a significantly larger spermatozoa head area, perimeter, and length, while cultivated males ...
Knobloch Tobias - - 2011
New ansamitocin derivatives were prepared by feeding aminobenzoic acid derivatives to cultures of Actinosynnema pretiosum HGF073, a mutant strain blocked in the biosynthesis of the required 3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid (AHBA) starter unit. Use of several aminobenzoic acids as precursors led to a spectrum of products, reflecting the sequence of post-PKS tailoring ...
Kühnel Stefan - - 2011
Biomass use for the production of bioethanol or platform chemicals requires efficient breakdown of biomass to fermentable monosaccharides. Lignocellulosic feedstocks often require physicochemical pretreatment before enzymatic hydrolysis can begin. The optimal pretreatment can be different for different feedstocks, and should not lead to biomass destruction or formation of toxic products. ...
Verma Madan Lal - - 2011
Selective production of fragrance fatty acid ester from isopropanol and acetic acid has been achieved using silica-immobilized lipase of Bacillus cereus MTCC 8372. A purified thermoalkalophilic extracellular lipase was immobilized by adsorption onto the silica. The effects of various parameters like molar ratio of substrates (isopropanol and acetic acid; 25 ...
Ning Meiying - - 2011
Preparation and in vitro and in vivo evaluation of vinpocetine (VIN) elementary osmotic pump (EOP) formulations were investigated. A method for the preparation of VIN elementary osmotic pump tablet was obtained by adding organic acid additives to increase VIN solubility. VIN was used as the active pharmaceutical ingredient, lactose and ...
Okumura Haruo - - 2011
The stability of sucrose fatty acid monoesters toward hydrolysis under acidic and basic conditions was evaluated. Mass spectrometric analysis of hydrolysates showed that the glycosidic bond was preferentially hydrolyzed under acidic conditions, whereas the ester bond was selectively hydrolyzed under basic conditions. Under both conditions, the rate of hydrolysis depended ...
Neji Soumaya Bouguerra - - 2011
Tunisian acid activated clay was investigated as catalyst in the esterification of stearic acid with ethyl alcohol, carried out in a semi-continuous reactor. Kinetic study shows that the reaction is first order with respect to acid concentration. The activation energy found was 21 kJ/mol. This result suggests that the reaction ...
Terbouche Achour - - 2011
The adsorption capacities of new humic acids isolated from Yakouren forest (YHA) and Sahara (Tamenrasset: THA) soils (Algeria) and commercial humic acid (PFHA) on polyaniline emeraldine base (PEB) were studied at pH 6.6. Also the adsorption of heavy metals such as Cd2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ on humic acid-polyaniline systems (HA-PEB) ...
Habe Hiroshi - - 2011
Previously, Lešová et al. reported the isolation and identification of metabolite OR-1, showing antitrypsin activity, produced during fermentation by Penicillium funiculosum. The structure of OR-1 was a mixture of glyceric acid (GA), esterified with C(14)-C(18) fatty acids, and oleic acid (C18:1) as the most predominant fatty acid (Folia Microbiol. 46, ...
Dos Santos Corrêa Igor Nascentes - - 2011
An alternative route to produce biodiesel is based on esterification of free fatty acids present in byproducts obtained from vegetable oil refining, such as palm oil fatty acid distillate (PFAD). PFAD is a byproduct of the production of edible palm oil, which contains 96 wt.% of free fatty acids. The purpose ...
Araújo Maria Elisa Melo Branco de - - 2011
Response surface methodology (RSM) based on a five-level, three-variable central composite design (CCD) was employed for modeling and optimizing the conversion yield of the enzymatic acylation of hesperidin with decanoic acid using immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) in a two-phase system containing [bmim]BF(4). The three variables studied (molar ratio ...
Aguieiras Erika C G - - 2011
Estolides are vegetable-oil-based lubricants obtained from oleic acid or any source of hydroxy fatty acids. In this work, the estolides synthesis from oleic acid and methyl ricinoleate (biodiesel from castor oil), using immobilized commercial lipases (Novozym 435, Lipozyme RM-IM, and Lipozyme TL-IM) in a solvent-free medium was investigated. Acid value ...
Sakai Kenichi - - 2011
Anionic gemini surfactants with carboxylic acid headgroups have been synthesized from oleic acid. The hydrocarbon chain is covalently bound to the terminal carbonyl group of oleic acid via an ester bond, and the carboxylic acid headgroups are introduced to the cis double bond of oleic acid via disuccinyl units. The ...
Salimon Jumat - - 2011
Fatty acids (FAs) are important as raw materials for the biotechnology industry. Existing methods of FAs production are based on chemical methods. In this study potassium hydroxide (KOH)-catalyzed reactions were utilized to hydrolysis Jatropha curcas seed oil. The parameters effect of ethanolic KOH concentration, reaction temperature, and reaction time to ...
Li Jing-Yan - - 2011
Cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11 CLA) producing bacteria have attracted much attention as novel probiotics which have shown beneficial effects on host health. However, bile salts are able to inhibit bacterial growth and c9, t11 CLA production. For recovering growth and c9, t11 CLA production of Lactobacillus acidophilus ...
Gheinani Ali Hashemi - - 2011
Rhizopus oryzae is a filamentous fungus, belonging to the order Mucorales. It can ferment a wide range of carbohydrates hydrolyzed from lignocellulosic materials and even cellobiose to produce ethanol. However, R. oryzae also produces lactic acid as a major metabolite, which reduces the yield of ethanol. In this study, we ...
Ma Qian - - 2011
An artificial microbial community consisted of Ketogulonicigenium vulgare and Bacillus megaterium has been used in industry to produce 2-keto-gulonic acid (2-KGA), the precursor of vitamin C. During the mix culture fermentation process, sporulation and cell lysis of B. megaterium can be observed. In order to investigate how these phenomena correlate ...
Abdelkafi Slim - - 2011
Phospholipase D (PLD) belongs to a lipolytic enzyme subclass which catalyzes the hydrolysis and transesterification of glycerophospholipids at the terminal phosphodiester bond. In this work, we have studied the substrate specificity of PLDs from germinating sunflower seeds and cultured-soybean cells, using their capacity of transphosphatidylation. In the presence of a ...
Taurino Carlo - - 2011
Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used clinically in Europe and in Japan for the treatment of multi-resistant Gram-positive infections. It is produced by fermenting Actinoplanes teichomyceticus. The pharmaceutically active principle is teicoplanin A2, a complex of compounds designated T-A2-1-A2-5 differing in the length and branching of the fatty acid moiety ...
Zou Wei - - 2011
Succinic acid is a building-block chemical which could be used as the precursor of many industrial products. The dissolved CO2 concentration in the fermentation broth could strongly regulate the metabolic flux of carbon and the activity of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase, which are the important committed steps for the biosynthesis of ...
Winkler James - - 2011
The presence of anti-microbial phenolic compounds, such as the model compound ferulic acid, in biomass hydrolysates pose significant challenges to the widespread use of biomass in conjunction with whole cell biocatalysis or fermentation. Currently, these inhibitory compounds must be removed through additional downstream processing or sufficiently diluted to create environments ...
Werner Louise B - - 2011
Phytanic acid produced in ruminants from chlorophyll may have preventive effects on the metabolic syndrome, partly due to its reported RXR and PPAR- α agonist activity. Milk from cows fed increased levels of green plant material, contains increased phytanic acid concentrations, but it is unknown to what extent minor increases ...
Nguyen Minhtri K - - 2011
Upon the addition of protons to an aqueous solution, a component of the H+ load will be bound i.e. buffered. In an aqueous solution containing a triprotic acid, H+ can be bound to three different states of the acid as well as to OH- ions that are derived from the ...
Chen Kequan - - 2011
Rapeseed meal was evaluated for succinic acid production by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation using Actinobacillus succinogenes ATCC 55618. Diluted sulfuric acid pretreatment and subsequent hydrolysis with pectinase was used to release sugars from rapeseed meal. The effects of culture pH, pectinase loading and yeast extract concentration on succinic acid production ...
Atangana Alain R AR Center for Forest Research (CEF), Faculty of Forestry and Geomatics, Pavillon Marchand, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada G1K 7P4. Electronic address: - - 2011
We determined whether Allanblackia floribunda, a forest tree species that is valued for the fat extracted from its seeds, could be genetically improved for fruit/seed production by sampling 17-40 fruits from each of 70 trees that were distributed among four sites in wild stands. Fat was extracted from the seeds, ...
Gibb Z - - 2010
The low efficiency of flow cytometric sex-sorting of stallion sperm has been attributed to the use of an opaque skim milk-based diluent during Hoechst 33342 (H33342) staining. Three experiments were conducted to formulate an optically clear stallion semen diluent for use during H33342 staining, and to determine whether a clear ...
Vater Corina - - 2010
Calcium phosphate cements (CPC), forming hydroxyapatite during the setting reaction, are characterized by good biocompatibility and osteoconductivity, however, their remodeling into native bone tissue is slow. One strategy to improve remodeling and bone regeneration is the directed modification of their nanostructure. In this study, a CPC was set in the ...
Lee Myung Sun - - 2010
Corosolic acid is one of the triterpenoids present in the leaves of Weigela subsessilis. The antidiabetic activity of corosolic acid has been reported previously, but to date, the anticancer effects on gastric cancer have been poorly studied. In this study, corosolic acid showed growth inhibition on SNU-601 human gastric cancer ...
Radhakrishnan Devesh - - 2010
Elementary flux mode (EFM) analysis is a powerful tool to represent the metabolic network structure and can be further utilized for flux analysis. The method enables characterization and quantification of feasible phenotypes in microbes. EFM analysis was employed to characterize the phenotype of Corynebacterium glutamicum to yield various amino acids. ...
Ohsaki Yuki - - 2010
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of cell growth that integrates signals from growth factors and nutrients. Recent studies have shown that an mTOR-containing complex, mTORC1, is targeted to lysosomes in the presence of amino acids and activated by Rheb GTPase resident in that compartment. In ...
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