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Results 301 - 350 of 2330
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Stubbings Will - - 2011
Finafloxacin is a novel fluoroquinolone that exhibits enhanced antibacterial activity under acidic conditions. The aim of this study was to define the in vitro pH-activity relationship. Finafloxacin exhibited optimal antibacterial activity between pH 5.0 and 6.0 at which MICs were 4- to 8-fold lower than those determined at neutral pH. ...
Mazák Károly - - 2011
The experimental determination of microscopic partition coefficients for protonation isomers is elaborated for the first time, and applied for niflumic acid, an ampholytic, mainly zwitterionic drug for pains in joints and muscles. The acid-base microequilibria of niflumic acid are also characterized by NMR-pH and deductive methods using auxiliary compounds of ...
Tagaya Motohiro - - 2011
Folic acid (FA) was immobilized on Eu(3+)-doped nanoporous silica spheres (Eu:NPSs) through mediation of the 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane adlayer. The ordered nanopores of Eu:NPS were preserved by the immobilization. The FA-immobilized Eu:NPSs showed the characteristic photoluminescence peak due to interactions between the FA molecules and Eu(3+) ions, and highly dispersed stability in ...
Zhang Cheng-Ming - - 2011
The effects of propionic acid on ethanol and glycerol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in cassava mash were examined along with the influence of pH (4.0, 5.0, and 6.0) and of dissolved solids content (22%, 25%, and 27%). Inhibition by propionic acid increased as solids content increased and medium pH declined. ...
Cavka Adnan - - 2011
Recent results show that treatments with reducing agents, including the sulfur oxyanions dithionite and hydrogen sulfite, efficiently improve the fermentability of inhibitory lignocellulose hydrolysates, and that the treatments are effective when the reducing agents are added in situ into the fermentation vessel at low temperature. In the present investigation, dithionite ...
Kim Jin-Woo - - 2011
Liberation of fermentable sugars from recalcitrant lignocellulosic biomass is one of the key challenges in production of cellulosic ethanol. Here we developed a two-stage pretreatment process using aqueous ammonia and dilute sulfuric acid in a percolation mode to improve production of fermentable sugars from rice straw. Aqueous NH(3) was used ...
Abdel-Rahman Mohamed Ali - - 2011
Lactic acid is an industrially important product with a large and rapidly expanding market due to its attractive and valuable multi-function properties. The economics of lactic acid production by fermentation is dependent on many factors, of which the cost of the raw materials is very significant. It is very expensive ...
Palanisamy Bruntha Devi - - 2011
Co-fermentation of finger millet with horse gram was carried out to produce inexpensive protein-rich food (dosa-an Indian breakfast food). Natural fermentation of finger millet-horse gram flour blend in different proportions (2:1, 3:1, 4:1 and 5:1) was performed for 24 h. Biochemical analysis showed reasonable drop in pH (6.6-4.2) and starch content ...
Gutsche K Amelie - - 2012
Lactobacillus sakei belongs to the main flora of raw fermented sausages and is used as starter culture. Bacterial starter cultures can convert amino acids to α-keto acids by aminotransferases. These α-keto acids are the precursors of aroma active aldehydes, alcohols and carboxylic acids. In this study the formation of aldehydes, ...
Li Hengye - - 2011
A new Wulff-type boronate was designed and synthesized. Upon immobilization on a polymeric monolith and acidified as boronic acid, the ligand exhibited specific boronate affinity to cis-diol compounds at medium acidic pH condition.
Wellner Anne - - 2011
As indicators of the early stage of the Maillard reaction in carrots, N-(furoylmethyl) amino acids (FMAAs) formed during acid hydrolysis of the corresponding Amadori products were analyzed using RP-HPLC with UV detection. N-epsilon-FM-Lys (furosine), FM-Gly, FM-Ala, FM-Val, FM-Ile, FM-Leu and FM-GABA were identified using synthesized standard material by means of ...
Koch Ulrike - - 2011
The enormous success of the genus Daphnia in freshwater ecosystems is at least partially due to their cyclical parthenogenetic life cycle, in which asexual and sexual reproduction alternate periodically. This temporal change between reproductive strategies allows for (1) rapid population growth via subitaneously developing eggs when environmental conditions are appropriate ...
Yazawa Hisashi - - 2011
When the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are exposed to high concentration of ethanol, the content of oleic acid (C18:1n-9) increased as the initial concentration of ethanol increased. Based on this observation, we attempted to confer ethanol tolerance to S. cerevisiae by manipulating fatty acid composition of the cells. Rather than ...
Moralejo-Gárate Helena - - 2011
In this work, the potential of using microbial community engineering for production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) from glycerol was explored. Crude glycerol is a by-product of the biofuel (biodiesel and bioethanol) industry and potentially a good substrate for bioplastic production. A PHA-producing microbial community was enriched based on cultivation in a ...
Lee Jae-Won - - 2011
In scale-up, the potential of ethanol production by dilute sulfuric acid pretreatment using corncob was investigated. Pretreatments were performed at 170 °C with various acid concentrations ranging from 0% to 1.656% based on oven dry weight. Following pretreatment, pretreated biomass yield ranged from 59% to 67%. More than 90% of xylan ...
Yong Xiaoyu - - 2011
The dynamics of bacterial communities play an important role in solid-state fermentation (SSF). Poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) was produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens C1 in SSF using dairy manure compost and monosodium glutamate production residuals as basic substrates. The production of γ-PGA reached a maximum of 0.6% after 20 days fermentation. Real-time polymerase ...
Carneiro Cristine E A - - 2011
Abstract Minerals adsorb more amino acids with charged R-groups than amino acids with uncharged R-groups. Thus, the peptides that form from the condensation of amino acids on the surface of minerals should be composed of amino acid residues that are more charged than uncharged. However, most of the amino acids ...
Oliveira Melissa Dos Santos - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate fermented rice bran phospholipids, lipids and fatty acid content in a fermentation solid system with Rhizopus oryzae fungus. For this, aliquots were withdrawn every 24h over 120h. The content of phospholipids was determined by colorimetric method. Esterified fatty acids were separated by ...
Chuang Pei-Ting - - 2011
Nonenzymatic browning occurs readily in alcoholic beverages and downgrades their colour quality. Ascorbic acid degradation in the presence of phenolic compounds is a major browning pathway in alcoholic beverages with fruit or fruit juice as the raw material or an ingredient. The present study prepared ethanolic solutions of ascorbic acid ...
Papalexandratou Zoi - - 2011
Spontaneous organic cocoa bean box fermentations were carried out on two different farms in Brazil. Physical parameters, microbial growth, bacterial species diversity [mainly lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and acetic acid bacteria (AAB)], and metabolite kinetics were monitored, and chocolates were produced from the fermented dry cocoa beans. The main end-products ...
da Silva Clovis Sacardo - - 2011
The clavulanic acid is a substance which inhibits the β-lactamases used with penicillins for therapeutic treatment. After the fermentation, by-products of low molecular weight such as amino acids lysine, histidine, proline and tyrosine are present in the fermented broth. To remove these impurities the techniques of extraction by an aqueous ...
Roik N V - - 2011
Surface grafting of β-cyclodextrin onto aminopropylsilica has been carried out under mild conditions using 1,1'-carbonyldiimidazole as an activator. The obtained β-cyclodextrin-silica has been characterized by means of chemical and IRspectral analysis. Adsorption of para-aminobenzoic and para-aminosalicylic acids onto the surface of hydroxylated silica, aminopropylsilica, and silica with chemically attached β-cyclodextrin ...
Bautista Gallego J - - 2011
This work studies the effects of different sodium (in the range of 4-10%), potassium (0-4%) and calcium (0-6%) chloride salt mixtures on the fermentation profile of Gordal olives processed according to the Spanish style. For this purpose, response surface methodology based on a simplex centroid mixture design with constrain (sum ...
Kumar S - - 2011
Sorption of technetium by alumina has been studied in absence as well as in presence of humic acid using (95)Tc(m) as a tracer. Measurements were carried out at fixed ionic strength (0.1M NaClO(4)) under varying pH (3-10) as well as redox (aerobic and reducing anaerobic) conditions. Under aerobic conditions, negligible ...
Fontana José Domingos - - 2011
Abstract Purified inulin from Dahlia tubers was partially hydrolyzed to form fructo-oligosaccharides by using citric or phosphoric acids (pH, 2.0-2.5) as mild acid catalysts. The ideal kinetic conditions to ensure a high yield of fructo-oligosaccharides relative to free fructose were a temperature range of 85°C-95°C, a hydrolysis time of 15-25 ...
Sarbini Shahrul R - - 2011
The role of structure and molecular weight in fermentation selectivity in linear α-1,6 dextrans and dextrans with α-1,2 branching was investigated. Fermentation by gut bacteria was determined in anaerobic, pH-controlled fecal batch cultures after 36 h. Inulin (1%, wt/vol), which is a known prebiotic, was used as a control. Samples ...
Lee Yong-Jae - - 2011
The current literature suggests that linolenic acid biohydrogenation converts to stearic acid without the formation of CLA. However, a multitude of CLA were identified in the rumen that are generally attributed to linoleic acid biohydrogenation. This study used a stable isotope tracer to investigate the biohydrogenation intermediates of (13)C-linolenic acid, ...
do Nascimento Luís Adriano S - - 2011
The distillate produced by deodorization of palm oil (DDPO) is a waste that corresponds to 4% of the product formed in this process. DDPO is 83% free of fatty acids (FFA), making it a good material for biodiesel production. In this paper, a catalyst prepared from a waste material, Amazon ...
Li Weina - - 2011
Based on a topochemical approach, a strategy for efficiently producing main-chain poly(bile acid)s in the solid state was developed. This strategy allows for facile and scalable synthesis of main-chain poly(bile acid)s not only with high molecular weights, but also with quantitative conversions and yields.
Wang Qingzhao - - 2011
The high fermentation cost of lactic acid is a barrier for polylactic acid (PLA) to compete with the petrochemical derived plastics. In order to lower the cost of lactic acid, the industry needs a microorganism that can ferment various sugars at high temperature (50°C) and at the same time using ...
Panagou E Z - - 2011
This study examined the impact of different mixtures of NaCl, KCl, and CaCl(2) on the fermentation profiles of Conservolea natural black olives. Five different combinations of chloride salts were investigated, namely (i) 8% NaCl (control treatment), (ii) 4% NaCl and 4% KCl, (iii) 4% NaCl and 4% CaCl(2), (iv) 4% ...
Yoshida Shogo - - 2011
In order to achieve efficient D: -lactic acid fermentation from a mixture of xylose and glucose, the xylose-assimilating xylAB operon from Lactobacillus pentosus (PXylAB) was introduced into an L: -lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhL1)-deficient Lactobacillus plantarum (ΔldhL1-xpk1::tkt-Δxpk2) strain in which the phosphoketolase 1 gene (xpk1) was replaced with the transketolase gene ...
Marcelli Tommaso - - 2011
The mechanism of the reaction between carbodiimides and activated α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids yielding fully substituted hydantoins and variable amounts of N-acyl urea by-products was studied using density functional theory calculations. Two alternative pathways featuring N-acyl ureas and imino-oxazolidinones as intermediates for the formation of the hydantoin product were taken into ...
Li Qiuting - - 2011
We prepared the diastereoisomers of BINOL based bisboronic acid chiral probes (the probes are with dual chirogenic centers) for enantioselective recognition of chiral analytes, such as tartaric acids, D-sorbitol, etc. We found the diastereoisomeric probes give different emission intensity-pH profiles, a phenomenon was reported, probably, for the first time. We ...
Shinkawa Satoru - - 2011
In order to achieve efficient homo L-lactic acid fermentation from xylose, we first carried out addition of xylose assimilation ability to Lactococcus lactis IL 1403 by introducing a plasmid carrying the xylRAB genes from L. lactis IO-1 (pXylRAB). Then modification of xylose assimilation pathway was carried out. L. lactis has ...
Philippaerts An - - 2011
The reactive double bonds in conjugated vegetable oils are of high interest in industry. Traditionally, conjugated vegetable oils are added to paints, varnishes, and inks to improve their drying properties, while recently there is an increased interest in their use in the production of bioplastics. Besides the industrial applications, also ...
Lei Zhang - - 2011
The Rhizobium sp. strain PR389 was isolated from the root nodules of Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi, which grows in acidic (pH 4.6) yellow soil of the Jinyun Mountains of Beibei, Chongqing, China. While rhizobia generally have a pH range of 6.5-7.5 for optimum growth, strain PR389 grew in a liquid yeast ...
Aikman P C - - 2011
This study investigated the effect of using the lactate-utilizing bacterium Megasphaera elsdenii NCIMB 41125 as a probiotic supplement on rumen fermentation and pH in dairy cows in the immediate postcalving period. Fourteen multiparous rumen-fistulated Holstein cows, blocked according to 305-d milk yield in the previous lactation, were used in a ...
Cherdthong Anusorn - - 2011
In this experiment the effects of different urea products (urea [U] and urea-calcium mixtures [UCM]) on rumen fermentation were investigated in dependence of different energy sources by using in vitro techniques. The 7 x 2 factorial arrangement followed a completely randomised design using seven urea products (U100, U40CaCl2, U50CaCl2, U60CaCl2, ...
San-Juan Felipe - - 2011
A satisfactory model explaining quality could be built in a set of 25 high quality Spanish red wines, by aroma-active chemical composition. The quality of the wines was positively correlated with the wine content in fruity esters, acids, enolones and wood derived compounds, and negatively with phenylacetaldehyde, acetic acid, methional ...
Cetó Xavier - - 2011
A new amperometric bienzymatic biosensor for gluconic acid based on the coimmobilization of gluconokinase (EC 2.7.1.12) and phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.44) by polysulfone membrane entrapment onto the surface of a graphite-epoxy composite is reported. This biosensor represents an alternative to gluconate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.99.3) based methods, which is no longer ...
Huang Yu-Chun - - 2011
A gene (axe) encoding the AXE thermostable esterase in Thermobifida fusca NTU22 was cloned into a Yarrowia lipolytica P01g host strain. Recombinant expression resulted in extracellular esterase production at levels as high as 70.94U/ml in Hinton flask culture broth, approximately 140 times higher than observed in a Pichia pastoris expression ...
Qiao Jian-Jun - - 2011
Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) was treated with dilute sulfuric acid followed by cellulase and xylanase treatment to produce hydrolysates that could be used as the basis for media for the production of value added products. A L9 (3(4)) orthogonal experiment was performed to optimize the acid treatment process. Pretreatment with ...
Gurram Raghu N - - 2011
Within the biorefinery paradigm, many non-monomeric sugar compounds have been shown to be inhibitory to enzymes and microbial organisms that are used for hydrolysis and fermentation. Here, two novel separation technologies, polyelectrolyte polymer adsorption and resin-wafer electrodeionization (RW-EDI), have been evaluated to detoxify a dilute acid pretreated biomass slurry. Results ...
Wu Yubo - - 2011
We have prepared chiral fluorescent bisboronic acid sensors with 3,6-dithiophen-2-yl-9H-carbazole as the fluorophore. Thiophene moiety was used to extend the pi-conjugation framework of the fluorophore in order to red-shift of the fluorescence emission, and at the same time, to enhance the novel d-PET effect of the boronic acid sensors, i.e. ...
Li Haixing - - 2011
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-proteinaceous amino acid that is widely distributed in nature and acts as the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain. This study aimed to find a separation method for getting high-purity GABA from a fermented broth. Firstly, a fermented broth with a high content of ...
Zhang Fuzhong - - 2011
Production of biofuels from renewable resources such as cellulosic biomass provides a source of liquid transportation fuel to replace petroleum-based fuels. This endeavor requires the conversion of cellulosic biomass into simple sugars, and the conversion of simple sugars into biofuels. Recently, microorganisms have been engineered to convert simple sugars into ...
Nassu R T - - 2011
This study was conducted to investigate changes in fatty acid profiles of beef cows fed grass hay or barley silage based diets, with or without flaxseed supplementation. Both flaxseed and hay feeding increased levels of α-linolenic acid (LNA; 18:3n-3) in longissimus thoracis and backfat (P<0.001). A forage type by flaxseed ...
He Fang - - 2011
The influence of three alkaline amino acids, l-lysine (L-Lys), l-arginine (L-Arg) and l-histidine (L-His), on the aggregation behaviour of sodium deoxycholate (NaDC) in phosphate buffer, pH 7.0, was studied at 25 °C. The fluorescence probe technique based on pyrene was employed to determine accurately the critical aggregation concentration (cac), polarity of ...
Dos-Santos Noelia - - 2011
We characterize differences in cell wall material and polysaccharide structures, due to the quantitative trait loci associated with higher flesh firmness in a non-climacteric near-isogenic line (NIL) SC7-2, and with the climacteric behavior of the NIL SC3-5-1, using their non-climacteric inbred parentals, "Piel de Sapo" (PS) and PI 161375 (SC). ...
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