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Kapoor Sonia S University Institute of Engineering and Technology, M. D. University, Rohtak, 124001, - - 2015
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important oilseed crop grown in India, China, Korea, Russia, Turkey, Mexico, South America, and several countries of Africa. Sesame seeds are rich in oil, proteins, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and folic acid. Nearly 70 % of the world's sesame is processed into oil ...
Gaire Bhakta Prasad BP Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy and Gachon Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gachon University, Incheon, 406-799, Republic of - - 2014
Phyllanthus emblica L. (syn. Emblica officinalis) is commonly known as Indian gooseberry. In Ayurveda, P. emblica has been extensively used, both as edible (tonic) plants and for its therapeutic potentials. P. emblica is highly nutritious and is reported as an important dietary source of vitamin C, minerals and amino acids. ...
Chieregato Alessandro A Instituto de Tecnología Química, UPV-CSIC, Campus de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Avda. Los Naranjos s/n; 46022 Valencia (Spain); Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale, ALMA MATER STUDIORUM Università di Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca Industriale "Energia e Ambiente", ALMA MATER STUDIORUM Università di Bologna, Bologna - - 2014
Glycerol surplus from biodiesel synthesis still represents a major problem in the biofuel production chain. Meanwhile, those in the acrylic acid market are looking for new processes that are able to offer viable alternatives to propylene-based production. Therefore, acrylic acid synthesis from glycerol could be an effective solution to both ...
Zhao Lili - - 2014
Uric acid is a potential important biomarker in urine and serum samples for early diagnosis of preeclampsia, a life-threatening hypertensive disorder that occurs during pregnancy. Preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternal death, especial-ly in developing nation settings. Quantitative detection of uric acid for rapid and routine diagnosis of early ...
Cicero Arrigo Fg AF Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Medical and Surgical Sciences Department , Bologna , - - 2014
The therapeutic value of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), mainly (but not only) found in fish oils, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids (EPA and DHA, respectively), has been extensively studied in a wide variety of disease conditions, predominantly in cardiovascular disease. However, the significant difference in efficacy observed in various conditions ...
Souillart Laetitia L Laboratory of Asymmetric Catalysis and Synthesis, EPFL SB ISIC LCSA, BCH 4305, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland), Fax: (+41) 21 693 97 00 - - 2014
The exploitation of strain release in small rings as driving force to enable complex transformations is a powerful synthetic tool. Among them, cyclobutanones are particularly versatile substrates that can be elaborated in a wide variety of structurally diverse building blocks. Herein, Lewis acid catalyzed rearrangement reactions are presented that provide ...
Kubo Yuji Y Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1-1 Minami-ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan. - - 2014
Current progress on hierarchical supramolecules using boronic acids has been highlighted in this feature article. Boronic acids can participate in "click reactions" with diols and their congeners with dynamic covalent functionality. By comprehensively exploring versatile sequential boronate esterification linkages between plural boronic acid-appended molecules and multiple hydroxyl counterparts, not only ...
Chen Yen-Chu YC Department of Chemistry, Tunghai University, No. 1727, Sec.4, Taiwan Boulevard, Xitun District, Taichung 40704, Taiwan. - - 2014
Physiological amino acids (AAs) are important indices for monitoring various diseases, including cancer. This study proposes a polymer-based separation method in the presence of mixed micelles for the determination of AAs by capillary electrophoresis with light-emitting diode-induced fluorescence. The separation of 18 amino acid-cyano[f]benzoisoindoles (AA-CBIs) was successfully achieved using a ...
Futter Martyn N MN Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), P.O. Box 7050, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden, - - 2014
Long-term (1987-2012) water quality monitoring in 36 acid-sensitive Swedish lakes shows slow recovery from historic acidification. Overall, strong acid anion concentrations declined, primarily as a result of declines in sulfate. Chloride is now the dominant anion in many acid-sensitive lakes. Base cation concentrations have declined less rapidly than strong acid ...
Gleńsk Michał M Department of Pharmacognosy, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 211 A, PL-50-556 Wrocław, (phone/fax: +48-71-7840218). - - 2014
Elderberries are used in the preparation of pie, jelly, punch, wine, or liqueur, as well as in many herbal remedies and food supplements. Elderberry products may provide diaphoretic, diuretic, antioxidant, and immunostimulant activities that offer protection against cold and flu. Herein, we report for the first time the qualitative and ...
Ye Cunqi C Department of Biological Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, 5047 Gullen Mall, Michigan, 48202, MI, - - 2014
Cardiolipin (CL), the signature phospholipid of mitochondria, is involved in a plethora of cellular processes and is crucial for mitochondrial function and architecture. The de novo synthesis of CL in the mitochondria is followed by a unique remodeling process, in which CL undergoes cycles of deacylation and reacylation. Specific fatty ...
Machado A C AC Nuclear Instrumentation Laboratory, Nuclear Engineering Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Acid treatments are used in the oil and gas industry, to increase the permeability of the carbonate reservoirs by creating preferential channels, called wormholes. Channels formation is strongly influenced by acid type and injection rate. The aim of this study is to evaluate some characteristics of the microporous system of ...
Rane Tushar D TD Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. - - 2014
Digital nucleic acid detection is rapidly becoming a popular technique for ultra-sensitive and quantitative detection of nucleic acid molecules in a wide range of biomedical studies. Digital polymerase chain reaction (PCR) remains the most popular way of conducting digital nucleic acid detection. However, due to the need for thermocycling, digital ...
Kruse Holger H CEITEC - Central European Institute of Technology, Campus Bohunice, Kamenice 5, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Recent developments in dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods allow for the first time the description of large fragments of nucleic acids (hundreds of atoms) with an accuracy clearly surpassing the accuracy of common biomolecular force fields. Such calculations can significantly improve the description of the potential energy surface of nucleic ...
Myrgorodska Iuliia I Institut de Chimie de Nice ICN, UMR CNRS 7272, Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, Faculté des Sciences, Parc Valrose, 06108, Nice (France) - - 2014
Life, as it is known to us, uses exclusively L-amino acid and D-sugar enantiomers for the molecular architecture of proteins and nucleic acids. This Minireview explores current models of the original symmetry-breaking influence that led to the exogenic delivery to Earth of prebiotic molecules with a slight enantiomeric excess. We ...
Zhang Zucong Z Freiburg Materials Research Center (FMF) and Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Stefan-Meier-Straße 21, D-79104, Freiburg, - - 2014
The thermal, rheological, and mechanical behavior of copolymers of lactide, isosorbide, and three different phthalic acids are studied in a wide range of compositions. A linear behavior in glass transition temperature (Tg ) with respect to the mole fraction of isosorbide and phthalate content in the copolymers is observed. This ...
Wang Zhanyun Z Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Because of concerns over the impact of long-chain perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) on humans and the environment, PFAAs and their precursors are being substituted by alternative substances including fluorinated alternatives that are structurally similar to the substances they replace. Using publicly accessible information, we aimed to identify the status quo of ...
Wu Weihong W Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials and Department of Chemistry, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China. - - 2014
Metal-containing ionic liquids (ILs) have been recognized as potential solvents, catalysts, catalyst precursors and reagents for many organic processes. In this work, several quantum-chemical parameters, including the surface electrostatic potential (Vs,max and Vs,min), the lowest surface average local ionization energy (I[combining overline]s,min), and the electrostatic potential at the position of ...
Tashiro Yohei Y Department of Chemistry, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, - - 2014
Global energy and environmental concerns have driven the development of biological chemical production from renewable sources. Biological processes using microorganisms are efficient and have been traditionally utilized to convert biomass (i.e., glucose) to useful chemicals such as amino acids. To produce desired fuels and chemicals with high yield and rate, ...
Li You-Gui YG School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, 193 Tunxi Road, Hefei 230009, China. liyg@hfut.edu.cn ekantchev@hfut.edu.cn - - 2014
Transmetalation is a key elementary reaction of many important catalytic reactions. Among these, 1,4-addition of arylboronic acids to organic acceptors such as α,β-unsaturated ketones has emerged as one of the most important methods for asymmetric C-C bond formation. A key intermediate for the B-to-Rh transfer arising from quaternization on a ...
Wang Yuru - - 2014
Sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation process (SR-AOP) has received increasing application interests for the removal of water/wastewater contaminants. However, limited knowledge is available on its side effects. This study investigated the side effects in terms of the production of total organic bromine (TOBr) and brominated disinfection byproducts (Br-DBPs) in the presence ...
Li Lizhen L CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Marine Materia Medica, RNAM Center for Marine Microbiology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510301, People's Republic of - - 2014
α-Amylases from Bacillus licheniformis (BLA) and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (BAA) are both important industrial enzymes with high similarity in structure but significant differences in thermostability. The mechanisms underlying this discrepancy are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the role of two amino acids' insertion on the thermostability of these two group ...
Muselli Mickaël M Mickaël Muselli, Christine Baudequin, Christophe Hoarau, Laurent Bischoff Normandie Univ, COBRA, UMR 6014 et FR 3038, Univ Rouen, INSA Rouen, CNRS, IRCOF, 1 rue Tesnière, 76821 Mont Saint Aignan Cedex, France. christophe.hoarau@insa-rouen.fr - - 2014
Direct C-H arylation and alkenylation of 4,4'-dialkylimidazolones with a broad range of halides under palladium and copper catalysis have been developed. This methodology is applied to the preparation of recently discovered fatty acid synthetase (FAS) inhibitors.
Tallon Sean S Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute, School of Chemistry, The University of Dublin, Trinity College, Dublin 2 - - 2014
The first strategy for bringing about enantioselective azlactone dynamic kinetic resolution to generate orthogonally protected amino acids has been developed. In the presence of a C2 -symmetric squaramide-based catalyst, benzyl alcohol reacts with novel yet readily prepared tetrachloroisopropoxycarbonyl-substituted azlactones to generate trapped phthalimide products of significant synthetic interest with excellent ...
Deng Youqian Y Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037 - - 2014
meta-CH olefination of phenylacetic acid derivatives has been achieved using a commercially available nitrile-containing template. The identification of N-formyl-protected glycine as the ligand (Formyl-Gly-OH) was crucial for the development of this reaction. Versatility of the template approach in accommodating macrocyclopalladation processes with different ring sizes is demonstrated.
Wanten Geert J A GJ Intestinal Failure Unit, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2015
Lipid emulsions (LEs) used in modern parenteral nutrition formulations are indispensable sources of calories and (essential) fatty acids ((E)FAs). Several generations of LEs based on various FA sources have been developed, and issues related to their safe use deserve attention. The relevant issues concern LE composition, stability and sterility, while ...
Pironi Loris L Center for Chronic Intestinal Failure, Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2015
Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) are an important component of the nutritional admixtures for patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) for chronic intestinal failure (CIF). IVLEs are primarily used as a source of energy and essential fatty acids, and the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is the most important ...
Martín-Sómer Ana A Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Módulo 13, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Excelencia UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
The intrinsic acidity of CH2[double bond, length as m-dash]CHXH2, HC[triple bond, length as m-dash]CXH2 (X = N, P, As, Sb) derivatives and of their complexes with BeH2 and BH3 has been investigated by means of high-level density functional theory and molecular orbital ab initio calculations, using as a reference the ...
Stevenson Steven S Chemistry Department, Indiana-Purdue University at Fort Wayne , 2101 E. Coliseum Boulevard, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46805, United - - 2014
We demonstrate the manipulation of the Lewis acid strength to selectively fractionate different types of Gd3N metallofullerenes that are present in complex mixtures. Carbon disulfide is used for all Lewis acid studies. CaCl2 exhibits the lowest reactivity but the highest selectivity by precipitating only those gadolinium metallofullerenes with the lowest ...
Zhao Chenglong - - 2014
This work highlights Ni-catalyzed reductive coupling of alkyl acids with alkyl halides, particularly sterically hindered unactivated tertiary alkyl bromides for the production of all carbon quaternary ketones. The reductive strategy is applicable to α-selective synthesis of saturated, fully oxy-genated C-acyl glycosides through easy manipulations of the readily available sugar bromides ...
Choi Youngbo Y World Class University Program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment, Institute of Chemical Processes, School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 - - 2014
Hierarchical porous catalysts have recently attracted increasing interest because of the enhanced accessibility to active sites on such materials. In this context, previously reported hierarchically mesoporous ASN and ASPN materials are evaluated by applying them to the dehydration of glycerol, and demonstrate excellent catalytic performance. In addition, a comprehensive understanding ...
Elias Peter M PM VA Medical Center, Dermatology (190), 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, California, United States, - - 2014
Sources of the Acid Mantle: Although the acid mantle initially was assumed to result from exogenous sources, such as sebum-derived free fatty acids, several endogenous acidifying mechanisms instead account for up to 2 pH units (a 200-fold increase in protons) of the overall pH of the stratum corneum (SC) (Table ...
Couttas Timothy A TA Prince of Wales Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Level 2, C25 Lowy Building, Sydney, NSW, 2052, - - 2014
Ceramides are a family of signalling lipids with diverse physiological functions that include pro-differentiative and pro-apoptotic signalling. Ceramides and their derivatives are major constituents of myelin, maintaining neuronal conductivity. Ceramides are synthesized by ceramide synthases, of which there are six isoforms in mammals (CERS1-6). These enzymes catalyse the transfer of ...
Gonzalez Raul S RS Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Recent attention has been paid to the microscopic detection of medications potentially harmful to the gastrointestinal tract, such as sevelamer(1) and bile acid sequestrants.(2) We have recently encountered a case of the bile acid sequestrant colestipol in the colon, albeit with unusual macroscopic and microscopic findings not previously described.A 55-year-old ...
Liu Kuan-Lin - - 2014
Dealuminated zeolites are widely used acid catalysts in research and chemical industry. Bulk-level studies have revealed that the improved catalytic performance results from an enhanced molecular transport as well as from changes in the active sites. However, fully exploiting this information in rational catalysts design still requires insight in the ...
Victora Andrea A Department of Chemistry and Zukunftskolleg, Universität Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, - - 2014
NMR chemical shift predictions based on empirical methods are nowadays indispensable tools during resonance assignment and 3D structure calculation of proteins. However, owing to the very limited statistical data basis, such methods are still in their infancy in the field of nucleic acids, especially when non-canonical structures and nucleic acid ...
Usmanova Dinara R DR *Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutskiy pereulok 9, g.Dolgoprudny, 141700, Russia Bioinformatics and Genomics Programme, Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) 88 Dr. Aiguader, 08003 Barcelona, Spain **Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), 08003 Barcelona, Spain. - - 2014
The nature of factors governing the tempo and mode of protein evolution is a fundamental issue in evolutionary biology. Specifically, whether or not interactions between different sites, or epistasis, are important in directing the course of evolution became one of the central questions. Several recent reports have scrutinized patterns of ...
Dorninger Fabian F Department of Pathobiology of the Nervous System, Center for Brain Research, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 4, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ethanolamine plasmalogens constitute a group of ether glycerophospholipids that, due to their unique biophysical and biochemical properties, are essential components of mammalian cellular membranes. Their importance is emphasized by the consequences of defects in plasmalogen biosynthesis, which in humans cause the fatal disease rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP). In the present ...
Wang Huipin H Faculty of Forensic Science, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; Zhongshan Forensic Science Institute, Zhongshan, - - 2014
Presence of diatoms in tissues has been considered as a significant sign of drowning. However, there are limitations in the present extraction methods. We developed a new digestion method using the Lefort aqua regia solution (3:1 nitric acid to hydrochloric acid) for diatom extraction and evaluated the digestive capability, diatom ...
Blasco Salvador S Instituto de Ciencia Molecular, C/Catedrático José Beltrán 2, 46980 Paterna, Valencia, Spain. - - 2014
Interactions of different hydrophilic (His, Asp, Glu,) and hydrophobic (Ala, Phe, Tyr, Trp) amino acids in water with a scorpiand aza-macrocycle (L1) containing a pyridine group in the ring and its derivative (L2) bearing a naphthalene group in the tail have been analysed by potentiometric and calorimetric measurements. Theoretical calculations ...
Chua Yong Guan - - 2014
This study describes the approach of amino acid and monosaccharide combined with Hotelling T2 range plot to identify edible bird nests (EBN) and non-EBN. Prior to the approach, an analytical method was developed and validated to quantify monosaccharides in EBN. Hotelling T2 range plot of both compounds were successful in ...
DePalma Joseph W - - 2014
Unraveling the chemical mechanism of atmospheric new particle formation (NPF) has important implications for the broader understanding of the role of aerosols in global climate. We present computational results of the transition states and activation barriers for growth of atmospherically relevant positively charged molecular clusters containing ammonia and sulfuric acid. ...
Schuster David M DM Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
Anti-1-amino-3-(18)F-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid ((18)F-FACBC) is a synthetic amino acid analog PET radiotracer undergoing clinical trials for the evaluation of prostate and other cancers. We aimed to describe common physiologic uptake patterns, incidental findings, and variants in patients who had undergone (18)F-FACBC PET. Sixteen clinical trials involving 611 (18)F-FACBC studies from 6 ...
Mitra Arpit A Medical Cyclotron Facility, Radiation Medicine Centre, Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology, Parel, Mumbai, - - 2014
A bacterial endotoxin test (BET) is required to detect or quantify bacterial endotoxin that may be present in radiopharmaceutical preparations. The test uses Limulus amebocyte lysate, which, in the presence of bacterial endotoxin and divalent calcium ions, causes the formation of a coagulin gel. (99m)Tc-labeled radiopharmaceuticals have chelating ligands such ...
Azzolini Michela M Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Verona, Verona, - - 2014
Although the positive role of non-Saccharomyces yeasts on the overall quality of wine is encouraging research into their oenological potential, current knowledge on the topic is still far from satisfactory. This work analyzes the contribution of starter cultures of Torulaspora delbrueckii, inoculated sequentially with Saccharomyces cerevisiae (multi-starter fermentation), on the ...
Radice Matteo M Universidad Estatal - - 2014
Nowadays, data concerning the composition of Caryodendron orinocense Karst. (Euphorbiaceae) and Bactris gasipaes Kunth (Arecaceae) seed oils are lacking. In light of this fact, in this paper fatty acids and unsaponifiable fraction composition have been determined using GC-MS, HPLC-DAD (Diode Array Detector), NMR approaches and possible future applications have been ...
Risso Valeria A VA Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, 18071-Granada, - - 2014
Local protein interactions ("molecular context" effects) dictate amino acid replacements and can be described in terms of site-specific, energetic preferences for any different amino acid. It has been recently debated whether these preferences remain approximately constant during evolution or whether, due to co-evolution of sites, they change strongly. Such research ...
Mandal Asim A Renal Divisions, Brigham and Women's Hospital and VA Boston Healthcare System, Harvard Institutes of Medicine, Boston, MA - - 2014
Uric acid, generated from the metabolism of purines, has proven and emerging roles in human disease. Serum uric acid is determined by production and the net balance of reabsorption or secretion by the kidney and intestine. A detailed understanding of epithelial absorption and secretion of uric acid has recently emerged, ...
Wang Bingxiang B Tianjin Key Laboratory for Modern Drug Delivery & High-Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, P.R. - - 2014
Diamino-moiety-functionalized silica nanoparticles with the size of 118±12 nm were successfully synthesized and directly introduced into chiral capillary electrophoresis system to improve the enantioseparation of 9-fluorenyl methoxycarbonyl derivatized amino acids using norvancomycin as chiral selector. Under acidic background electrolyte conditions, functional silica nanoparticles can be readily adsorbed onto the inner ...
Walker Rebecca R Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2014
Consumption of biologically active amounts of omega-3 fatty acids is linked to improved human health, which has partly been attributed to their important role in brain development and cardiovascular health. Western diets are relatively low in omega-3 fatty acids and many consumers turn to supplements or functional foods to increase ...
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