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Brown J E - - 1980
Shiga toxin purified to near homogeneity from cell lysates of Shigella dysenteriae 1 inhibited protein and deoxyribonucle acid syntheses in intact HeLa cells. Inhibition was dependent on toxin concentration and time of incubation. A minimal latent period of 30 min was observed with saturating doses of toxin. Ribonucleic acid synthesis, ...
Plevani P - - 1980
The antibiotic aphidicolin inhibited in vitro deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis catalyzed by crude yeast extracts and by partially purified yeast deoxyribonucleic acid polymerases. The mechanism of action of aphidicolin on yeast deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase I was noncompetitive with deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate, deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate, and deoxythymidine 5'-triphosphate and was of the mixed type ...
Brown B J - - 1980
A transformation system was developed for Bacillus megaterium by using antibiotic resistance plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid molecules derived from Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. Lysozyme-generated protoplasts of B. megaterium allowed uptake of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid in the presence of polyethylene glycol. Transformants expressed the antibiotic resistance determinants present on the plasmid ...
Macrina F L - - 1980
A simple procedure for rapidly demonstrating small plasmids (less than 10 megadaltons) in oral streptococci is described. Logarithmic-phase, glycine-treated cells from 1.5-ml broth cultures were converted to osmotically fragile forms and lysed with sodium dodecyl sulfate. After the hydrodynamic shearing of host chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid, such lysates were analyzed by ...
Fairweather N F - - 1980
Mutants of Escherichia coli resistant to the antibiotic clorobiocin are also coumermycin resistant, and the mutation to resistance in at least one mutant was mapped near gyrB. We conclude, therefore, that clorobiocin inhibits deoxyribonucleic acid gyrase, and the drug was used to probe the role of this enzyme in vivo. ...
Frankel A D - - 1980
The rate of nitrous acid deamination of labeled cytosine residues in native Escherichia coli deoxyribonucleic acid was monitored in vitro by release of acid-soluble counts after treatment with uracil deoxyribonucleic acid glycosylase. The reaction exhibited a lag and was not stimulate by several agents previously shown to enhance base substitution ...
Hall I H - - 1980
The major effect of eupaformosanin as an antineoplastic agent on Ehrlich ascites cell metabolism was to inhibit deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, specifically at deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase and thymidylate synthetase enzymatic sites. Both pyrimidine and purine systems of Ehrlich ascites were marginally inhibited. Ribonucleic acid synthesis and messenger and ribosomal polymerase activities ...
Moynet D J - - 1980
Streptococcus pneumoniae R6X was lysogenized with bacteriophage 304 isolated after mitomycin induction of an ungrouped alpha-hemolytic streptococcus. Lysogenized pneumococci lost their capacity to undergo genetic transformation: transformability was restored after cells were spontaneously cured of their prophage. Both lysogens and nonlysogens produced activator substance (competence factor), and both bound deoxyribonucleic ...
Warner H R - - 1980
When Escherichia coli are grown in the presence of 5-fluorouracil, the 5-fluorouracil is incorporated almost exclusively into ribonucleic acid as fluorouridylate. In this study, small but detectable amounts were incorporated into ribonucleic acid as fluorocytidylate and into deoxyribonucleic acid as fluorodeoxyuridylate and fluorodeoxycytidylate. The amount of 5-fluorouracil found in deoxyribonucleic ...
Roberts R L - - 1980
Synchronous yeast-phase cultures of Wangiella dermatitidis were induced by starvation, heat shock, and inhibition of deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis by hydroxyurea. Hydroxyurea-induced synchrony resulted in some distortion of the yeast-phase cell cycle. However, induction of synchrony by hydroxyurea is a rapid and simple technique which generates a marked degree of synchronous ...
Ptasekas R - - 1980
Two varieties of peripheral blood lymphocytes have been disclosed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cases: one showing signs of degradation and nuclear chromatine elimination and the other one manifesting a state of biological activation, possibly of an immunologic nature. This karyostructural lymphocyte heterogeneity in SLE may cause a great scattering ...
Olaiya A F - - 1979
The dimorphic yeast Candida albicans, as a member of the fungi imperfecti, has been assumed to be in the haploid, or imperfect, state. The deoxyribonucleic acid content of this species has been measured by flow microfluorometry, a technique capable of analyzing single cells. These results were compared with flow microfluorometric ...
Pato M L - - 1979
Inhibition of ribonucleic acid synthesis in Escherichia coli 15 TAU bar with rifampin or streptolydigin leads to large increases in the sizes of cellular ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools. Inhibition of protein synthesis leads to increases in the sizes of all nucleoside triphosphate pools except the guanosine triphosphate and deoxyguanosine ...
Morrison D A - - 1979
Donor deoxyribonucleic acid strands in the eclipse phase of genetic transformation of pnuemococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) are purified as a complex with a cf the deoxyribonucleic acid strand in this complex to digestion by nucleases was shown to be 50- to 1,000-fold less than that of uncomplexed single strands of deoxyribonucleic ...
Takeya T - - 1979
The plaque-forming ability of a hybrid phage between plasmidColE1 and phage lambda carrying amber mutations in genes O and P was inhibited by the presence of ColE1 in suppressor-deficient Escherichia coli cells. ColE1 deoxyribonucleic acid regions concerned with this inhibition were examined by using various deletion and transposon insertion derivatives ...
Mercer A A - - 1979
The ability of different metal ions to promote transformation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by deoxyribonucleic acid of the plasmid RP1 was examined. CaCl2, MgCl2, and MnCl2 were found to promote such transformation, although at different frequencies and with the optimum response at different concentrations. Only MgCl2 promoted transfection of P. aeruginosa ...
Ferber D M - - 1979
Homogeneous preparations of pesticin, a bacteriocin produced by Yersinia pestis, neither significantly inhibited net synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, or protein in Escherichia coli phi nor caused detectable degradation of deoxyribonucleic acid in vivo. Accordingly, its mode of action does not resemble that of colicin E2 as suggested by ...
Fong K - - 1979
The effects of caffeine and acriflavine on cell survival, single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid break formation, and postreplication repair in Escherichia coli wild-type WP2 and WP2 uvrA strains after ultraviolet irradiation was studied. Caffeine (0.5 mg/ml) added before and immediately after ultraviolet irradiation inhibited single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid breakage in wild-type WP2 cells. ...
Norlander L - - 1979
There are two mechanisms for genetic exchange in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid can be transferred by conjugation, which is dependent on the presence of a 24.5-megadalton plasmid in the donor cell. We have shown that chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid can be exchanged between all colonial variants by transformation, but not ...
Appelbaum E R - - 1979
The composite R plasmid NR1, its resistance transfer factor which specifies resistance to tetracycline (RTF-Tc component), and its r-determinants component were each denatured and centrifuged to equilibrium in CsCl density gradients containing polyuridylic acid-polyguanidylic acid. The complementary deoxyribonucleic acid strands of NR1 and the complementary strands of the RTF-Tc component ...
Winston V - - 1979
A bacteriophage was isolated specific for Sphaerotilus natans, an organism for which bacteriophages have not been previously described. This phage (designated SN1) was found to infect both the single-cell (S-type) and filamentous (R-type) forms of the host, although the sheath appeared to provide R-type cells with a degree of physical ...
Wechsler J A - - 1979
The dna-293 mutation is shown to be a dnaE allele. The linear deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis previously observed in this mutant has been further characterized. The production of small deoxyribonucleic acid intermediates and their subsequent joining were identical in the mutant and its dnaE+ parent at 42.5 degrees C. Though the ...
Billen D - - 1979
Deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase I-directed repair synthesis can be selectively measured in toluene-treated Escherichia coli cells exposed to alkylating chemicals such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. Prior growth of the cells in the presence of a low dose of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine results in an enhanced deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase I-directed repair synthesis and an increase in ...
Mishra A K - - 1979
The methodology for deoxyribonucleic acid-mediated transformation of Spirillum lipoferum to resistance to various antimicrobial agents is reported.
Hanson C V - - 1979
Chlorpromazine, a widely used tranquilizing drug of the phenothiazine group, was found to be a very potent photochemical inactivator of both deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid viruses in the presence of long-wave ultraviolet light (320 to 380 nm). Neither the light alone nor chlorpromazine alone caused any appreciable inactivation. The ...
Baseman J B - - 1979
Treponema pallidum (Nichols) was extracted from infected rabbit tissue, and cell lysates were prepared for monitoring thymidine kinase and deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase activities. No thymidine kinase could be demonstrated in preparations of T. pallidum or the cultivable T. phagedenis biotype Reiter. Significant levels of deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase were detected in ...
Harris G - - 1978
The exchange of radioactivity between lymphocytes, labelled with (3H) thymidine after stimulation with Concanavalin A, and recipient V79 fibroblasts in culture was studied. The radioactive material involved in this exchange was macromolecular deoxyribonucleic acid as well as its breakdown products. This deoxyribonucleic acid from lymphocytes localised in the nuclei of ...
Gill C O - - 1978
At chill temperatures the spoilage flora of meat is composed of psychrotrophs originating largely from the hides of slaughtered animals. Under humid conditions, aerobic floras are usually dominated by pseudomonads while anaerobic floras are dominated by lactobacilli. In both cases growth occurs on low molecular weight soluble components of meat ...
Weiss E - - 1978
The vole agent described by Baker in 1946 was studied as an example of a bacterium that has been mistakenly regarded a rickettsia. Unlike rickettsiae, the vole agent killed chicken embryos with great irregularity, multipled primarily at the surface of avian or mammalian cells and not intracellularly, produced colonies rather ...
Leffak I M - - 1977
The assembly of new histones into nucleosomes and the segregation of old histones during replication were investigated using a density gradient, sedimentation equilibrium analysis of histones labeled in vivo with dense amino acids. After a 1 hr pulse of dense amino acids and 3H-lysine, nucleosomes were isolated from chick myoblast ...
Butler T - - 1977
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted with phenol and water from Yersinia pestis was compared with LPS of Escherichia coli for stimulation of deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in mouse spleen cells (lymphocyte mitogenesis), gelation of limulus lysate, pyrogenicity in the rabbit, and susceptibility to inhibition of these activities by polymyxin B sulfate (PBS). LPS ...
Gallily R - - 1977
Administration to inbred mice of the methanol extraction residue fraction of tubercle bacilli by some, but not by all, routes affected markedly the in vitro phagocytic and antibacterial capacities of their peritoneal macrophages harvested several days to weeks after treatment. Phagocytosis of living [3H]thymidine- labeled Staphylococcus albus and Staphylococcus aureus ...
Jones B B - - 1977
The HindII + III restriction enzyme fragmentation pattern of various lambda-phi80trp deoxyribonucleic acid molecules is presented. An analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid molecules carrying deletions ending within the trp regulatory elements and a deoxyribonucleic acid molecule carrying a deletion within trpE indicates that a fragment of 8.3 X 10(5) daltons contains ...
Shalitin C - - 1977
The synthesis of killer double-stranded ribonucleic acid (dsRNA) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was examined in seven different cell division cycle mutants (cdc) that are defective in nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid replication and contain the "killer character." In cdc28, cdc4, and cdc7, which are defective in the initiation of nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, ...
Joyner L R - - 1977
We produced a pneumothorax on the left side in rabbits and measured the oxygen consumption of lung slices from previously collapsed left and non-collapsed right lung immediately after in vitro re-expansion. After re-expansion, the oxygen consumptions of the previously collapsed and non-collapsed lung were almost identical, 162 +/- 6.7 and ...
Latt S A - - 1977
Fluorometric detection of the biosynthetic incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) into deoxyribonucleic acid has permitted cytologic studies of chromosome structure, replication, and repair. Some of these phenomena, previously detected using BrdU-dye techniques on fixed microscopic preparations, should be particularly amenable to analogous experimentation in fluorescence flow systems. Problems involved in interfacing ...
Koss L G - - 1977
In order to obviate some of the technical problems associated with preparation of monocellular cell suspensions required for flow fluorometry, isolation of nuclei from several types of benign and malignant human tissues was undertaken. Satisfactory preparations of nuclei were obtained from epithelia of the uterine cervix and colon and from ...
Katz E - - 1977
Streptomyces parvulus (Streptomyces parvullus) normally produces actinomycin D; in the presence of cis-4-methylproline, this species synthesizes two additional actinomycins, designated K(1c) and K(2c), in which one and two proline sites, respectively, are occupied by cis-4-methylproline. Analogously, actinomycins K(1t) and K(2t) are formed in the presence of trans-4-methylproline. Both mixtures were ...
Kjellstrand P - - 1977
The polymer polyethylene glycol combined with hydrochloric acid was used during the hydrolysis stage of the Feulgen method in order to limit the movement of the soluble molecular fragments developed through hydrolytic breakdown of the deoxyribonucleic acid. The diffusion of the purines was not influenced by the addition of concentration ...
Iltis J P - - 1977
A method for purification of marble spleen disease virus (MSDV) from the spleens of infected turkeys and pheasants is described. It combines chloroform or fluorocarbon extraction with subsequent purification by centrifugation on a cushion of cesium chloride (CsCl). Further purification of MSDV was accomplished with a CsCl equilibrium density gradient. ...
Cooper S - - 1977
The degree to which deoxyribonucleic acid segregates nonrandomly has been investigated for Escherichia coli B/r growing in different media. The degree of nonrandom segregation observed is dependent on the medium, with segregation becoming less random as the growth rate decreases. This indicates that there must be some varying probabilistic component ...
Ananthaswamy H N - - 1977
Near-ultraviolet (300 to 400 nm) irradiation of L-tryptophan yielded H2O2 (a toxic photoproduct) that was selectively lethal for rec and polA1 Escherichia coli mutants. H2O2 treatment of cells resulted in the induction of single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid breaks. These breaks were repaired to only a small extent in polA1, recA recB, ...
Anthony A - - 1977
Feulgen deoxyribonucleic acid cytophotometry of Papanicolaou destained specimens revealed a differential loss in Feulgen reactivity among human buccal and cervical smears, cultured embryonic lung fibroblasts and invasive cervical carcinoma cells. Loss in Feulgen reactivity in Papanicolaou destained fibroblasts and polyploid nuclei of malignant lesions was observed to result in underestimates ...
Johannisson E - - 1977
The use of the antibiotic drug mithramycin for cytoflurometric assessment of deoxyribonucleic acid in single cells has been studied in smears of a standard cell population of rat thymocytes. The optimal staining conditions have been determined including the influence of fixation (freeze-drying, formalin and ethanol). The drug equilibration time has ...
Nakazawa A - - 1977
A rapid rate and large amounts of colicin E1 synthesis were induced by incubating colicinogenic cells without aeration in the presence of glucose. The decrease in ability of colicin induction by aeration was not due to an ample supply of oxygen, but to the simple agitation of the bacterial suspension. ...
Avni H - - 1977
A new mini-ColE1 plasmid, designated pAC105, was isolated. It has a molecular weight of 1.6 X 10(6) and carries information for its self-replication as well as information for conferring colicin E1 immunity upon its host. Furthermore, pAC105 undergoes replication in the presence of chloramphenicol even when a foreign deoxyribonucleic acid ...
Zelenin A V - - 1976
Actinomycin D specifically quenches the fluorescence of acridine orange and quinacrine bound to deoxyribonucleic acid in cytologic preparations, but does not change the fluorescence of these fluorochromes bound to RNA. The following fluorescence-cytochemical applications of techniques based on these findings can be suggested: (a) distinction between deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic ...
Chater K F - - 1976
The bacteriophage Pa16, isolated from soil on Streptomyces albus G, was restricted when transferred from an alternative host back to S. albus G. Extracted unmodified Pa16 deoxyribonucleic acid was cleaved at a single site by a cell-free extract of S. albus G. Fractions cleaving Pal6 deoxyribonucleic acid contained the endonuclease ...
Aggarwal S K - - 1976
Platinum-pyrimidine complexes that are amorphous and highly soluble in water when used as sole electron-dense stains show high selectivity for nucleic acid-rich areas like chromatin, nucleolus and ribosomes. A method is presented for the selective staining of deoxyribonucleic acid. Glutaraldehyde-fixed tissue are exposed to 3 N HCL hydrolysis for an ...
Rohde W - - 1976
8-Hydroxyquinoline and several of its derivatives inactivate the transforming ability of Rous sarcoma virus and inhibit its ribonucleic acid-dependent deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase activity. The copper complex of these metal-binding ligands is as active as the free ligand. The activity of the 8-hydroxyquinolines is approximately 50-fold more effective than another group ...
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