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Results 251 - 300 of 451
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Tompkins L S - - 1986
A previous study of the detection of Campylobacter jejuni in fecal samples spotted directly onto nitrocellulose filters before hybridization revealed a relatively low sensitivity and some false-positive results. We have investigated two factors that interfere with the detection of Campylobacter jejuni in fecal samples: interfering substances that create false-positive background ...
Lancaster W D - - 1986
Tissue from 13 cervical cancers and pelvic or para-aortic lymph nodes from the same patient were evaluated by deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization with a human papillomavirus type 16 deoxyribonucleic acid probe for the presence of human papillomavirus-related deoxyribonucleic acid sequences. Twelve of the primary malignancies were squamous cancers and one was ...
Schultz R E - - 1985
Flow cytometry can differentiate benign from malignant lesions of the prostate through deoxyribonucleic acid distribution analysis. A method has been developed that permits simultaneous cytometric determination of deoxyribonucleic acid and acid phosphatase activity in the cell cycle compartments of prostatic biopsy specimens. Histograms of prostatic carcinoma reveal higher acid phosphatase ...
Klein F A - - 1985
Flow cytometric deoxyribonucleic acid measurements were performed with propidium iodide on 7 adrenal neoplasms and 4 normal adrenal glands to determine how useful this technique would be in defining malignancy. The 4 cases classified histologically as carcinoma all had aneuploid stemlines of 2.7, 3.3, 3.4 and 3.6c respectively, whereas the ...
Seki T - - 1985
Rabbit antisera highly specific to the bleomycinic acid moiety of bleomycins were obtained by immunizing with a conjugate of copper-complex of bleomycin A5 and bovine serum albumin. These antisera not only reacted with bleomycin A5 but also with other bleomycins such as bleomycin A2, bleomycin B2 and peplomycin. The antisera ...
Miller H R - - 1985
The subjectivity of the Harris-Lingoes MMPI content subscales was examined by asking expert judges (N = 13) to group items from appropriate clinical scales that represented similar content, attitudes or traits. The mean subgroups were compared to the Harris-Lingoes subscales, and item groupings were consensually validated and replicated. Judges developed ...
Refetoff S - - 1984
Antisera prepared by immunization of rabbits with human T4-binding globulin (TBG) contained two populations of antibodies: one directed against determinants of the native molecule, and the other directed against antigenic sites present only in denatured TBG. These two populations of antibodies were present in all nine antisera prepared in this ...
Assaf R - - 1983
Viral deoxyribonucleic acid extracted from a limited number of cells infected with canine adenovirus type 1 or type 2 was cleaved with several restriction endonucleases. Agarose gel electrophoresis of the limit digests showed stable differences between the canine adenovirus type 1 and type 2 cleavage patterns. Rapid and accurate typing ...
Li A K - - 1983
The submandibular salivary gland of the male mouse and its secretions contain growth-promoting factors that accelerate cell proliferation in vitro and also have effects on the gastrointestinal tract in vivo. We therefore stimulated salivary secretion with isoproterenol for studies of the effects of submandibular saliva on intestinal cell proliferation; only ...
Osada Y - - 1983
Ofloxacin (DL-8280; (+/-)-9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1- pipera-zinyl)-7-oxo-7H-pyrido[1,2,3-de][1,4]benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid) showed a broader spectrum and a greater potency of antimycoplasmal activity than did pipemidic acid, norfloxacin, tetracyclines, and lincomycin, but was inferior to erythromycin. Its mycoplasmacidal potency against clinical isolates of Mycoplasma pneumoniae was also greater than that of other quinolones and tetracyclines.
Müller M - - 1983
Metronidazole and related 5-nitroimidazoles are relatively nontoxic. Reduction of their nitro group, however, leads to the production of short-lived cytotoxic intermediates, which finally decompose into nontoxic end products. The toxicity of the intermediates is due to their interaction with deoxyribonucleic acid and possibly with other macromolecules. Metabolic pathways of low ...
Phillips W E WE - - 1981
Coagulase-positive isolates of Staphylococcus intermedius from dogs and coagulase-positive isolates of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus from a pig and cows were identified initially by a simplified scheme which can be readily performed in a routine diagnostic laboratory. Characters tested in the scheme included coagulase activity, colony pigment, and aerobic acid ...
Kuemmerle N - - 1981
Excision repair of ultraviolet radiation-induced damage in a wild-type strain of Escherichia coli has been examined, using two methods for characterizing the resynthesis step of the repair process. Comparison of data obtained after both isopycnic analysis of repaired deoxyribonucleic acid and sedimentation velocity analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid after selective photolysis ...
Hollis D G - - 1981
The name Tatumella ptyseos gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed for a group of organisms (previously called group EF-9) isolated from clinical sources in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico. A total of 68% of these isolates were from sputum specimens. T. ptyseos strains are gram-negative, oxidase-negative, fermentative rods ...
Marrero R - - 1981
SP02 particles that mediate transduction of plasmid pPL1010, a 4.6-megadalton derivative of pUB110 containing an Eco RI endonuclease-generated fragment of SP02 deoxyribonucleic acid that spans the cohesive ends, exhibit three unusual features: the transducing particles have a lower buoyant density than infectious particles; the transduction of pPL1010 occurs at high ...
Schroeder R - - 1981
We investigated the sporulation properties of a series of diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains homozygous for inositol auxotrophic markers. The strains required different amounts of inositol for the completion of sporulation. Shift experiments revealed two phases of inositol requirement during sporulation which coincided with the two phases of lipid synthesis found ...
Goodman H - - 1981
Streptococcus mutans BHT was grown in a synthetic medium containing radioactive thymidine to monitor deoxyribonucleic acid release. Kinetic experiments demonstrated that although lysozyme alone could not liberate deoxyribonucleic acid, cellular deoxyribonucleic acid was liberated from lysozyme-treated cells by addition of low concentrations of inorganic sodium salts. When the salts were ...
Bhattacharya S - - 1981
The incorporation of [3H]thymidine into deoxyribonucleic acid by exponentially growing cells of Bacillus brevis was inhibited by streptolydigin and rifampin in the same concentration range in which these drugs inhibit ribonucleic acid synthesis. Complete inhibition occurred within one-third generation time after drug addition, suggesting an effect on deoxyribonucleic acid chain ...
Clark J M - - 1981
A sensitive endonuclease assay was used to study the fate of pyrimidine dimers introduced by ultraviolet irradiation into the nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid of the cellular slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum. Analysis of the frequency of T4 endonuclease V-induced single-strand breaks by alkaline sucrose gradient sedimentation showed that strain NC4 (rad+) removed ...
Nakayama T - - 1981
Folded chromosomes were prepared as membrane-associated complexes from vegetative cells of Bacillus subtilis by stepwise sucrose gradient centrifugation. From nucleoids, a deoxyribonucleic acid-bound polypeptide with a molecular weight of 6,000 (P6) was purified by KCl-(NH4)2SO4 salting out, diethylaminoethyl cellulose column chromatography, and deoxyribonucleic acid cellulose column chromatography. The amino acid ...
Elin R J - - 1980
The annealed copolymer polyriboinosinic acid x polyriboinosinic acid reacted with Limulus amoebocyte lysate to cause gelation at a concentration approximately 2,000-fold or greater than bacterial endotoxins. This copolymer was pyrogenic in rabbits and demonstrated hypochromicity, but no significant correlation was noted among Limulus amoebocyte lysate reactivity, progenicity, and hypochromicity. Like ...
Fields P I - - 1980
6-(p-Hydroxyphenylazo)-uracil, a purine analog that is known to specifically inhibit deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase III in gram-positive organisms, inhibited W-reactivation in Bacillus subtilis. On the other hand, W-reactivation proceeded normally in the presence of 6-(p-hydroxyphenylazo)-uracil when a strain possessing a resistant deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase III was used as the host.
Seely S - - 1980
Some dreams apparently take the dreamer in a world of cells, the dream narrative concerning some aspect of gametogenesis. An example is quoted which appears to give a fair description of a mitotic division. In other examples the dreamer is eviscerated or has his legs dissolved in acid, then sets ...
Schanda-Mulfinger U E - - 1980
Salmonella bacteriophage P22 grows in two deoxyribonucleic acid initiation mutants of Escherichia coli under nonpermissive conditions, dnaA and dnaC. Functional products of genes dnaE, dnaZ, lig, dnaK, and dnaG are indispensable for deoxyribonucleic acid replication of P22. In 11 E. coli dnaB mutants belonging to all phenotypic groups, phage were ...
Marrero R - - 1980
The Bacillus subtilis temperate bacteriophages phi 105 and SP02 are incapable of transduction of the small, multicopy drug resistance plasmids pUB110 and pCM194. Cloning endonuclease-generated fragments of phi 105 or SP02 DNA into each of the plasmids renders the chimeric derivatives susceptible to transduction specifically by the phage whose deoxyribonucleic ...
Williams J A - - 1980
Brij 58-cleared lysates of Pseudomonas cepacia 4G9 contain both exonucleolytic and endonucleolytic activities. Endonuclease activity was unaffected by 125 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, whereas the exonuclease activity was inhibited. In contrast, Sarkosyl NL97 inhibited only the endonuclease. Sodium dodecyl sulfate inhibited all nuclease activity in in vitro assays, but plasmid deoxyribonucleic ...
Brown J E - - 1980
Shiga toxin purified to near homogeneity from cell lysates of Shigella dysenteriae 1 inhibited protein and deoxyribonucle acid syntheses in intact HeLa cells. Inhibition was dependent on toxin concentration and time of incubation. A minimal latent period of 30 min was observed with saturating doses of toxin. Ribonucleic acid synthesis, ...
Plevani P - - 1980
The antibiotic aphidicolin inhibited in vitro deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis catalyzed by crude yeast extracts and by partially purified yeast deoxyribonucleic acid polymerases. The mechanism of action of aphidicolin on yeast deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase I was noncompetitive with deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate, deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate, and deoxythymidine 5'-triphosphate and was of the mixed type ...
Brown B J - - 1980
A transformation system was developed for Bacillus megaterium by using antibiotic resistance plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid molecules derived from Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. Lysozyme-generated protoplasts of B. megaterium allowed uptake of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid in the presence of polyethylene glycol. Transformants expressed the antibiotic resistance determinants present on the plasmid ...
Macrina F L - - 1980
A simple procedure for rapidly demonstrating small plasmids (less than 10 megadaltons) in oral streptococci is described. Logarithmic-phase, glycine-treated cells from 1.5-ml broth cultures were converted to osmotically fragile forms and lysed with sodium dodecyl sulfate. After the hydrodynamic shearing of host chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid, such lysates were analyzed by ...
Fairweather N F - - 1980
Mutants of Escherichia coli resistant to the antibiotic clorobiocin are also coumermycin resistant, and the mutation to resistance in at least one mutant was mapped near gyrB. We conclude, therefore, that clorobiocin inhibits deoxyribonucleic acid gyrase, and the drug was used to probe the role of this enzyme in vivo. ...
Frankel A D - - 1980
The rate of nitrous acid deamination of labeled cytosine residues in native Escherichia coli deoxyribonucleic acid was monitored in vitro by release of acid-soluble counts after treatment with uracil deoxyribonucleic acid glycosylase. The reaction exhibited a lag and was not stimulate by several agents previously shown to enhance base substitution ...
Hall I H - - 1980
The major effect of eupaformosanin as an antineoplastic agent on Ehrlich ascites cell metabolism was to inhibit deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, specifically at deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase and thymidylate synthetase enzymatic sites. Both pyrimidine and purine systems of Ehrlich ascites were marginally inhibited. Ribonucleic acid synthesis and messenger and ribosomal polymerase activities ...
Moynet D J - - 1980
Streptococcus pneumoniae R6X was lysogenized with bacteriophage 304 isolated after mitomycin induction of an ungrouped alpha-hemolytic streptococcus. Lysogenized pneumococci lost their capacity to undergo genetic transformation: transformability was restored after cells were spontaneously cured of their prophage. Both lysogens and nonlysogens produced activator substance (competence factor), and both bound deoxyribonucleic ...
Warner H R - - 1980
When Escherichia coli are grown in the presence of 5-fluorouracil, the 5-fluorouracil is incorporated almost exclusively into ribonucleic acid as fluorouridylate. In this study, small but detectable amounts were incorporated into ribonucleic acid as fluorocytidylate and into deoxyribonucleic acid as fluorodeoxyuridylate and fluorodeoxycytidylate. The amount of 5-fluorouracil found in deoxyribonucleic ...
Roberts R L - - 1980
Synchronous yeast-phase cultures of Wangiella dermatitidis were induced by starvation, heat shock, and inhibition of deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis by hydroxyurea. Hydroxyurea-induced synchrony resulted in some distortion of the yeast-phase cell cycle. However, induction of synchrony by hydroxyurea is a rapid and simple technique which generates a marked degree of synchronous ...
Ptasekas R - - 1980
Two varieties of peripheral blood lymphocytes have been disclosed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cases: one showing signs of degradation and nuclear chromatine elimination and the other one manifesting a state of biological activation, possibly of an immunologic nature. This karyostructural lymphocyte heterogeneity in SLE may cause a great scattering ...
Olaiya A F - - 1979
The dimorphic yeast Candida albicans, as a member of the fungi imperfecti, has been assumed to be in the haploid, or imperfect, state. The deoxyribonucleic acid content of this species has been measured by flow microfluorometry, a technique capable of analyzing single cells. These results were compared with flow microfluorometric ...
Pato M L - - 1979
Inhibition of ribonucleic acid synthesis in Escherichia coli 15 TAU bar with rifampin or streptolydigin leads to large increases in the sizes of cellular ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools. Inhibition of protein synthesis leads to increases in the sizes of all nucleoside triphosphate pools except the guanosine triphosphate and deoxyguanosine ...
Morrison D A - - 1979
Donor deoxyribonucleic acid strands in the eclipse phase of genetic transformation of pnuemococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) are purified as a complex with a cf the deoxyribonucleic acid strand in this complex to digestion by nucleases was shown to be 50- to 1,000-fold less than that of uncomplexed single strands of deoxyribonucleic ...
Takeya T - - 1979
The plaque-forming ability of a hybrid phage between plasmidColE1 and phage lambda carrying amber mutations in genes O and P was inhibited by the presence of ColE1 in suppressor-deficient Escherichia coli cells. ColE1 deoxyribonucleic acid regions concerned with this inhibition were examined by using various deletion and transposon insertion derivatives ...
Mercer A A - - 1979
The ability of different metal ions to promote transformation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by deoxyribonucleic acid of the plasmid RP1 was examined. CaCl2, MgCl2, and MnCl2 were found to promote such transformation, although at different frequencies and with the optimum response at different concentrations. Only MgCl2 promoted transfection of P. aeruginosa ...
Ferber D M - - 1979
Homogeneous preparations of pesticin, a bacteriocin produced by Yersinia pestis, neither significantly inhibited net synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, or protein in Escherichia coli phi nor caused detectable degradation of deoxyribonucleic acid in vivo. Accordingly, its mode of action does not resemble that of colicin E2 as suggested by ...
Fong K - - 1979
The effects of caffeine and acriflavine on cell survival, single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid break formation, and postreplication repair in Escherichia coli wild-type WP2 and WP2 uvrA strains after ultraviolet irradiation was studied. Caffeine (0.5 mg/ml) added before and immediately after ultraviolet irradiation inhibited single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid breakage in wild-type WP2 cells. ...
Norlander L - - 1979
There are two mechanisms for genetic exchange in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid can be transferred by conjugation, which is dependent on the presence of a 24.5-megadalton plasmid in the donor cell. We have shown that chromosomal deoxyribonucleic acid can be exchanged between all colonial variants by transformation, but not ...
Appelbaum E R - - 1979
The composite R plasmid NR1, its resistance transfer factor which specifies resistance to tetracycline (RTF-Tc component), and its r-determinants component were each denatured and centrifuged to equilibrium in CsCl density gradients containing polyuridylic acid-polyguanidylic acid. The complementary deoxyribonucleic acid strands of NR1 and the complementary strands of the RTF-Tc component ...
Winston V - - 1979
A bacteriophage was isolated specific for Sphaerotilus natans, an organism for which bacteriophages have not been previously described. This phage (designated SN1) was found to infect both the single-cell (S-type) and filamentous (R-type) forms of the host, although the sheath appeared to provide R-type cells with a degree of physical ...
Wechsler J A - - 1979
The dna-293 mutation is shown to be a dnaE allele. The linear deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis previously observed in this mutant has been further characterized. The production of small deoxyribonucleic acid intermediates and their subsequent joining were identical in the mutant and its dnaE+ parent at 42.5 degrees C. Though the ...
Billen D - - 1979
Deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase I-directed repair synthesis can be selectively measured in toluene-treated Escherichia coli cells exposed to alkylating chemicals such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. Prior growth of the cells in the presence of a low dose of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine results in an enhanced deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase I-directed repair synthesis and an increase in ...
Mishra A K - - 1979
The methodology for deoxyribonucleic acid-mediated transformation of Spirillum lipoferum to resistance to various antimicrobial agents is reported.
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