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Lebeer Sarah - - 2011
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) mutants of lactobacilli suppress inflammation in animal models of experimental colitis. The fact that a single mutation of an administered Lactobacillus strain can result in enhanced probiotic efficacy is surprising given the genetic diversity and complexity of the intestinal niche, but at the same time exciting from ...
Rezanka Tomáš - - 2011
Novel rhamnolipid-producing strains of three thermophilic bacteria, Thermus sp., T. aquaticus and Meiothermus ruber were identified that have not been previously described as rhamnolipid producers. Rhamnolipids were extracted from supernatant and further purified by thin-layer chromatography. Mass spectrometry with negative electrospray ionization revealed 77 rhamnolipid homologues varying in chain length ...
Young Douglas D - - 2011
The site-specific incorporation of unnatural amino acids (UAAs) into proteins in bacteria is made possible by the evolution of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases that selectively recognize and aminoacylate the amino acid of interest. Recently we have discovered that some of the previously evolved aaRSs display a degree of polyspecificity and are capable ...
Perez Gutierrez Rosa Martha - - 2011
Three new isopimarane diterpenes 7β-hydroxy-19α-methylmalonyloxy-isopimara-8(14),15-diene (1), 7β-hydroxy-14-oxo-isopimara-8(9),15-dien-19oic acid (2), and 7β-hydroxy-14-oxo-19α-methylmalonyloxy-isopimara-9(11),15-diene (3) in addition to the known compounds isopimaric acid (4), 7oxo-13-epi-pimara-14,15-dien-18oic acid (5), 7oxo-13-epi-pimara-8,15-dien-18oic acid (6), and 6β-hydroxyisopimaric acid (7) were isolated from the hexane extract of Rhizoclonium hieroglyphicum. The structures of compounds 1-7 were established by 1D and ...
Gustaw Waldemar - - 2011
Background. Prebiotics are a category of nutritional com-pounds grouped together, not necessarily by structural similarities, but by ability to promote the growth of spe-cific beneficial (probiotic) gut bacteria. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and inulin are among the most famous prebiotic compounds. In order to improve viability of probiotic bacteria during storage, fermented ...
Bohorquez Laura C - - 2011
The microbial community of a Colombian high mountain hot spring, El Coquito, was analyzed using three different culture-independent assessments of 16S ribosomal RNA genes: clone libraries, pyrosequencing of the V5-V6 hypervariable region, and microarray. This acidic spring had a diverse community composed mainly of Bacteria that shared characteristics with those ...
Isabella Vincent M - - 2011
Transcriptome analysis of the facultative anaerobe, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, revealed that many genes of unknown function were induced under anaerobic conditions. Mutation of one such gene, NGO1024, encoding a protein belonging to the 2-nitropropane dioxygenase-like superfamily of proteins, was found to result in an inability of gonococci to grow anaerobically. Anaerobic ...
Bilgili Mehmet Sinan - - 2011
The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of leachate recirculation and aeration on volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations in aerobic and anaerobic landfill leachate samples. In this study, two aerobic (A1, A2) and two anaerobic (AN1, AN2) reactors with (A1, AN1) and without (A2, AN2) leachate ...
Kyung Kyu Hang - - 2011
The antimicrobial activity of Allium species has long been recognized, with allicin, other thiosulfinates, and their transformation products having antimicrobial activity. Alliums are inhibitory against all tested microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Alliums inhibit multi-drug-resistant microorganisms and often work synergistically with common antimicrobials. Allium-derived antimicrobial compounds inhibit ...
Sánchez-Maldonado Alma F - - 2011
Aims:  To determine structure-function relationships of antibacterial phenolic acids and their metabolites produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Methods and Results:  Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 6 hydroxybenzoic and 6 hydroxycinnamic acids were determined with Lactobacillus plantarum, L. hammesii, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus subtilis as indicator strains. The antibacterial activity ...
de Vos Willem M - - 2011
Lactic acid bacteria are among the powerhouses of the food industry, colonize the surfaces of plants and animals, and contribute to our health and well-being. The genomic characterization of LAB has rocketed and presently over 100 complete or nearly complete genomes are available, many of which serve as scientific paradigms. ...
Garneau Josiane E - - 2011
Every biotechnology process that relies on the use of bacteria to make a product or to overproduce a molecule may, at some time, struggle with the presence of virulent phages. For example, phages are the primary cause of fermentation failure in the milk transformation industry. This review focuses on the ...
Parsons Joshua B - - 2011
The rationale for the pursuit of bacterial type 2 fatty acid synthesis (FASII) as a target for antibacterial drug discovery in Gram-positive organisms is being debated vigorously based on their ability to incorporate extracellular fatty acids. The regulation of FASII by extracellular fatty acids was examined in Staphylococcus aureus and ...
Parsons Joshua B - - 2011
The emergence of resistance against most current drugs emphasizes the need to develop new approaches to control bacterial pathogens, particularly Staphylococcus aureus. Bacterial fatty acid synthesis is one such target that is being actively pursued by several research groups to develop anti-Staphylococcal agents. Recently, the wisdom of this approach has ...
Wu Jia Jia - - 2012
Shanxi aged vinegar is a famous traditional Chinese vinegar made from several kinds of cereal by spontaneous solid-state fermentation techniques. In order to get a comprehensive understanding of culturable microorganism's diversity present in its fermentation, the indigenous microorganisms including 47 yeast isolates, 28 lactic acid bacteria isolates and 58 acetic ...
Spangenberg L - - 2011
MOTIVATION: We present a method that identifies associations between amino acid changes in potentially significant sites in an alignment (taking into account several amino acid properties) with phenotypic data, through the phylogenetic mixed model. The latter accounts for the dependency of the observations (organisms). It is known from previous studies ...
Craig Jeffrey W - - 2011
Clones that encode the biosynthesis of long-chain N-acyl amino acids are frequently recovered from activity-based screens of soil metagenomic libraries. Members of a diverse set of enzymes referred to as N-acyl amino acid synthases are responsible for the production of all metagenome-derived N-acyl amino acids characterized to date. Based on ...
Barzantny H - - 2011
During the past few decades, there has been an increased interest in the essential role of commensal skin bacteria in human body odour formation. It is now generally accepted that skin bacteria cause body odour by biotransformation of sweat components secreted in the human axillae. Especially, aerobic corynebacteria have been ...
Argyri Anthoula A - - 2011
The shelf life of minced beef stored (i) aerobically, (ii) under modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), and (iii) under MAP with oregano essential oil (MAP/OEO) at 0, 5, 10, and 15°C was investigated. The microbial association of meat and the temporal biochemical changes were monitored. Microbiological analyses, including total viable counts ...
Schmidt Andre - - 2011
Every organism can be characterized by the amino acid composition of its proteome. So far it was assumed that these compositions are determined by the GC content of the DNA or, in some cases, by extreme lifestyles, like thermophily or halophily. Here, we focussed our analysis on eight amino acids, ...
Grossi Vincent - - 2011
Two alkene-degrading sulphate-reducing bacteria from the genus Desulfatiferula (Desulfatiferula olefinivorans strain LM2801(T) and Desulfatiferula sp. strain BE2801) were investigated for their 1-alkene metabolism. Their total cellular fatty acids were predominantly C-even when they were grown on C-even 1-alkene (1-hexadecene), whereas a mixture of fatty acids with C-odd or C-even carbon ...
Ishii Junichiro - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects of hinokitiol (a natural antibacterial compound extracted from Thujopsis dolabrata var. hondai) and an organic acid mixture (citrate content 50%) on ruminal fermentation. Antibacterial properties were examined by measuring minimal inhibitory concentration. Hinokitiol at 1.56 µg/mL or an organic acid mixture at 1600 µg/mL inhibited Streptococcus bovis ...
Christensen Quin H - - 2011
Although a complete pathway of lipoic acid metabolism has been established in Escherichia coli, lipoic acid metabolism in other bacteria is more complex and incompletely understood. Listeria monocytogenes has been shown to utilize two lipoate-protein ligases for lipoic acid scavenging, whereas only one of the ligases can function in utilization ...
Nirmal Nilesh Prakash - - 2011
The effect of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on the quality changes of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) treated with or without green tea extract (1g/L; GTE) in combination with or without ascorbic acid (0.05g/L; AA) during refrigerated storage of 10days was investigated. Shrimp without treatment stored under MAP had lowered ...
Ndagano Dora - - 2011
In the present study, a total of 116 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from Mill flour and fermented cassava were screened for their antifungal activity. Three strains among 116 were selected for their strongest inhibitory activity against food molds. These 3 strains were Lactobacillus plantarum VE56, Weissella cibaria FMF4B16, and W. paramesenteroides LC11. The compounds ...
Canzoneri Marisa - - 2011
Salvia verbenaca L. (syn. S. minore) is a perennial herb known in the traditional medicine of Sicily as "spaccapetri" and is used to resolve cases of kidney stones, chewing the fresh leaves or in decoction. The chemical composition of the essential oil obtained from aerial parts of S. verbenaca collected ...
Su Nan - - 2011
Patients with xerostomia, or dry mouth, resulting from various causes, are at higher risk for developing caries because of a loss of saliva and its benefits. A loss of saliva increases the acidity of the mouth, which affects many factors that contribute to the development of caries, such as proliferation ...
Fujihara Masatoshi - - 2011
Although swarmer morphotypes of Proteus mirabilis have long been considered to result from surfaced-induced differentiation, the present findings show that, in broth medium containing urea, acidic conditions transform some swimmer cells into elongated swarmer cells. This study has also demonstrates that P. mirabilis cells grown in acidic broth medium containing ...
Nguyen Thi Kim Chi - - 2011
Bacillus subtilis 168 is resistant to phenolic acids by expression of an inducible enzyme, the phenolic acid decarboxylase (PadC), that decarboxylates these acids into less toxic vinyl derivatives. In the phenolic acid stress response (PASR), the repressor of padC, PadR, is inactivated by these acids. Inactivation of PadR is followed ...
O'Shea Eileen F - - 2011
The mechanisms by which intestinal bacteria achieve their associated health benefits can be complex and multifaceted. In this respect, the diverse microbial composition of the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) provides an almost unlimited potential source of bioactive substances (pharmabiotics) which can directly or indirectly affect human health. Bacteriocins and fatty ...
Oki Kaihei - - 2011
We used culture- and molecular-biology-based methods to investigate the diversity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the ethnic chevon (goat) meat products chartayshya, jamma and arjia of the Western Himalayas. In six chartayshya, six jamma and four arjia samples, LAB were the predominant microbial component involved in the fermentation of ...
Ankolekar Chandrakant - - 2011
Abstract Tea polyphenolics such as catechins are known to have the potential to inhibit many bacterial pathogens. Helicobacter pylori has been identified as an etiologic agent in the development of gastric ulcer, peptic ulcer, gastritis, and many other stomach-related diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of 9 tea ...
Fischer Kathleen - - 2011
It was established in a mouse model that the cowshed Gram-positive bacterium Lactococcus lactis G121 modulates the immune system resulting in allergy protection. However, the molecules and mechanisms involved in this process have not been elucidated yet. Lipoteichoic acids (LTA) represent one major cell envelope component of Gram-positive bacteria that ...
Devi S Manjulata - - 2011
Fifty-five bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from seven different sources. Eight isolates were found to produce pediocin PA-1 like bacteriocin as detected by pedB gene PCR and dot-blot hybridization. The culture filtrate (CF) activity of these isolates exhibited strong antilisterial, antibacterial activity against tested food-borne pathogens and LAB. The ...
Curiel José Antonio - - 2011
Scope: To gain insight on the mechanisms used by intestinal bacteria to adapt and resist the antimicrobial action of dietary tannins and identify targets for tannic acid in Lactobacillus plantarum. Methods and results: A proteomic analysis of an L. plantarum human isolate exposed to the tannic acid challenge was undertaken. ...
Liu S J - - 2011
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of ruminal pulse dose of free linoleic acid (LA) and free docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on microbial populations in the rumen, duodenal fatty acid (FA) flow, milk composition, and milk FA profiles of Chinese Holstein dairy cows. Four rumen- and duodenal-fistulated ...
Hoyle Parks A R - - 2011
Previous research indicates that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can inhibit pathogenic bacteria. This research evaluated effects of LAB inclusion on the shelf life of traditionally packaged ground beef patties; as well as the effects and possible interaction of LAB and rosemary oleoresin (RO) on the stability of high oxygen MAP ...
Liang Chao - - 2011
The muramic acid assay is a powerful tool for detecting both intact bacteria and bacterial debris. Past use of aldononitrile acetate derivatization for determining muramic acid in complex samples by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry met detection needs in many instances; however, questions have been raised regarding the interpretation of the derivative ...
Sayanova Olga - - 2011
Growing evidence suggests that omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLC-PUFAs), especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5Δ5,8,11,14,17) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6Δ4,7,10,13,16,19) play critical roles in human health and development. VLC-PUFAs are mainly found in fish, some fungi, marine bacteria and microalgae. Currently, the predominant dietary sources of VLC-PUFAs are marine ...
Silva Isa - - 2011
Aims:  To evaluate the effect of wine phenolic compounds on the production of volatile phenols (4-vinylphenol [4VP] and 4-ethylphenol [4EP]) from the metabolism of p-coumaric acid by lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Methods and Results:  Lactobacillus plantarum, Lact. collinoides and Pediococcus pentosaceus were grown in MRS medium supplemented with p-coumaric acid, ...
Cazzato Eugenio - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), usually grown as a source of oil crop, can be used as fodder either for hay or ensiling purposes, particularly in semi-arid regions. RESULTS:A 2-year trial was conducted in southern Italy to evaluate the production and forage quality of safflower biomass cv. Centennial, harvested at three ...
Nahsan Flavia Pardo Salata - - 2011
Enamel white spot lesions in anterior teeth that compromise esthetics are common. Microabrasion is indicated, since it affects enamel superficially. An acid-abrasive slurry with 37% phosphoric acid with pumice was used on the enamel for a controlled time period. Home bleaching with hydrogen peroxide was then used, further improving the ...
Stough Con - - 2011
The omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is essential for nervous system and retinal development and there is evidence to suggest that DHA deficiencies increase with normal aging. A triple-blind placebo-controlled randomized repeated-measures trial was conducted with 74 healthy participants, aged 45-77 years. Cognitive and visual acuity measures and plasma ...
Adam Katharine H - - 2011
Aim:  To determine germination triggers of Clostridium frigidicarnis, an important spoilage bacterium of chilled vacuum packed meat. Methods and Results:  Germination of Cl. frigidicarnis spores in the presence of a range of potential nutrient and non nutrient germinants was tested by monitoring the fall in optical density and by phase ...
Garmyn A J - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of beef longissimus muscle nutrient components on beef palatability traits and evaluate the impact of USDA quality grade on beef palatability. Longissimus muscle samples from related Angus cattle (n = 1,737) were obtained and fabricated into steaks for trained sensory ...
Liu Qinghua - - 2011
In order to clarify the ensiling characteristics of stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis Swartz), the effects of wilting (no wilting, light wilting and heavy wilting) and storage temperatures (10°C, 20°C, 30°C and 40°C) on the fermentation quality and aerobic stability of stylo silage were investigated. Wilting had no significant influence on the ...
Hirose Kazuko - - 2011
A large set of glycome information was obtained from egg white proteins of 88 samples from Galloanserae (63 Anseriformes and 25 Galliformes). The data were obtained on whole N-glycan structures and types of sialic acids of these egg whites by glycoblotting-based high throughput and quantitative glycomics. The results revealed clear ...
Jyoti M Anirban - - 2011
The biocompatibility of a reinforced calcium phosphate injectable bone substitute (CPC-IBS) containing 30% poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) microspheres was evaluated. The IBS consisted of a solution of chitosan and citric acid as the liquid phase and tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) powder as the solid phase with 30% PCL ...
Kronberg S L - - 2011
The objective of this trial was to determine if daily supplementation of flaxseed for 85 d to steers finished on grasslands of the northern Great Plains would influence growth and carcass characteristics or fatty acid profile, tenderness, and sensory characteristics of beef steaks. Eighteen Angus yearling steers (initial BW 399 ...
Liu H N - - 2011
Yaks are the most important grazing livestock for milk production on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau because these animals are adapted to the high elevations and extremes of cold and can graze throughout the year. In the present study, 30 yaks were selected and the fatty acid (FA) profile of yak milk ...
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