Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1952
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Koyama N - - 2001
We prepared 25 kDa human fibroblast growth factor-9 (hFGF-9 N33) on a large scale after overproduction in Escherichia coli MM294 (DE3)/pTG931. The purification was performed by a combination of hydrophobic chromatography and HPLC with an ion exchange column, a heparin affinity column and a gel filtration column. This improved procedure ...
Kobayashi T - - 2001
An exopolygalacturonase [exo-PGase; poly (1,4-alpha-D-galacturonide) galacturonohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.67] was found to be extracellularly produced by Bacillus sp. strain KSM-P443. The exo-PGase was purified to homogeneity, as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, through sequential column chromatographies. The enzyme had a molecular weight of approximately 45,000 and an isoelectric point of pH ...
Peng X - - 2001
A glycoconjugate with pronounced immunoactivity, designated as LbGp2, was isolated from the fruit of Lycium barbarum L. and purified to homogeneity by gel-filtration. Its carbohydrate content is up to 90.71% composed of Ara, Gal and amino acids. The molecular weight is 68.2 kDa as determined by size exclusive chromatography (SEC). ...
Wen J - - 2001
The fatty acid synthase from Bugula neritina has been purified 100-fold using ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange and size exclusion chromatography. The purified enzyme has a molecular weight of approximately 382,000 Da, as judged by gel filtration. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions in the presence of SDS revealed one major ...
Sampietro A R. - - 2001
A new agglutinin (lectin), called CBL3, was purified from the juice of ripe Cyphomandra betacea Sendt. fruits until electrophoretically pure to homogeneity. The lectin is a homodimer of M(r)=50800 with subunits of 26200 bound by disulfide linkages with a pI of 4.9. The agglutinating capacity of the lectin is only ...
Eguaras M - - 2001
An organic product based on formic acid in a gel matrix was evaluated for use in Varroa control under autumnal climatic conditions in Argentina. Twenty colonies each received two gel packets with formic acid in two applications and numbers of falling mites were registered. After this treatment colonies received two ...
Kusano S - - 2001
We have already reported that white-skinned sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) (WSSP) shows antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats and genetically diabetic models (yellow KK, db/db mice and Zucker fatty rats). In this study, isolation and purification of the antidiabetic component of WSSP were attempted. Almost all antidiabetic ...
Giardina P C - - 2001
To facilitate studies of the molecular determinants of host-meningococcal lipooligosaccharide (endotoxin) interactions at patho-physiologically relevant endotoxin concentrations (i.e. < or =10 ng/ml), we have generated acetate auxotrophs NMBACE1 from encapsulated Neisseria meningitidis (serogroup B, strain NMB) and NMBACE2 from an isogenic bacterial mutant lacking the polysialic acid capsule. Growth of ...
Xu X - - 2000
Two anticoagulants from five-pace snake (Agkistrodon acutus) venom, anticoagulation factor I (ACF I) and anticoagulation factor II (ACF II), have been purified by a multiple-step chromatography procedure of anion-exchange chromatography, gel permeation chromatography and cation-exchange chromatography. Each of them is shown to be homogeneous as judged by PAGE, SDS-PAGE and ...
Higuchi K - - 2000
We have demonstrated previously that there is an abnormal expression of sphingomyelin (SM) deacylase in the epidermis of patients with atopic dermatitis (ADe). In the present study, we have prepared N-[palmitic acid-1-(14)C]SM and N-[palmitic acid-1-(14)C]glucosylceramide (GCer) to use as substrates and have quantified SM deacylase activity by detecting the release ...
Oosterveld A - - 2000
Oxidative cross-linking of three beet pectin extracts with hydrogen peroxide/peroxidase resulted in an increase in viscosity at low concentrations and in the formation of a gel at higher concentrations. Gels were formed using concentrations of 1.5% for an autoclave preparation and one obtained by an acid extraction and of 3% ...
Goins T L - - 2000
Fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) is a straightforward, sensitive method for determining the presence and relative abundance of individual oligomannosyl residues in Candida mannoprotein, the major antigenic determinant located on the outer surface of the yeast cell wall. The single terminal aldehydes of oligomannosyl residues released by hydrolysis were tagged with ...
Xu B - - 2000
A cellulase (endo-beta-1,4-D-glucanase, EC 3.2.1.4) from blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) was purified to homogeneity using a combination of acid precipitation, heat precipitation, immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography, size-exclusion chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography. Purity was analyzed by SDS/PAGE, IEF and RP-HPLC. The cellulase (endoglucanase) was characterized with regard to enzymatic properties, ...
Małolepsza-Jarmołowska K - - 2000
Methylcellulose gels comprising lactic acid, similarly to its water solutions, have pH values between 2.0 and 2.6, i.e. out of the physiological range. Addition of Chitosan enables preparation of gels with pH values from 2.2 to 4.9 similar to the natural vagina pH range, 3.8-4.4. The absolute viscosity of the ...
Alderson R F - - 2000
Binding and cross-linking studies with radiolabeled neurotrophins demonstrate that cultured rat hippocampal astrocytes lack full-length TrkB, but do express high levels of truncated TrkB (tTrkB). In astrocytes and Schwann cells, tTrkB appears to have the novel function of mediating the endocytosis of neurotrophins into an acid-stable, Triton X-100 resistant intracellular ...
Higuchi T - - 2000
The urinary bladder is lined by transitional epithelium, the glycocalyx on the luminal surface has interesting properties and is implicated in protective functions. Glycoconjugates are major components of the glycocalyx, but their biochemical nature is not well understood. Previous studies on rabbit bladder indicated the presence of significant levels of ...
Rakwal R - - 2000
An inducible S-adenosyl-L-methionine:naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase (NOMT) catalyzing the methylation of naringenin to sakuranetin, a major rice phytoalexin was purified approximately 985-fold from ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated rice leaves. The enzyme is not found in healthy tissues and was purified to a nearly homogeneous preparation in one step using adenosine-agarose affinity chromatography, with 1 ...
Sue M - - 2000
Cyclic hydroxamic acids and a glucosidase that occur in rye seedlings were investigated. The concentration of the glucoside of 2,4-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIBOA-Glc) in shoots increased soon after germination and decreased to a lower, constant level as the plants started autotrophic growth. Cyclic hydroxamic acid glucoside beta-glucosidase activity also occurred transiently, and ...
Hseu Y C - - 2000
Blackfoot disease (BFD) is a peripheral arterial occlusive disease found among human inhabitants along the southwest coast of Taiwan. Well water used for drinking and cooking contains humic acid (HA), which may be a possible etiological factor. In this study, HA toxicity was investigated in human erythrocytes and was found ...
Hsu A F - - 2000
A novel procedure is described for immobilizing a lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia (PS-30) within a phyllosilicate sol-gel matrix. The method is based on cross-linking a phyllosilicate clay with silicate polymers produced by the controlled hydrolysis of tetramethyl orthosilicate (TMOS). The activity of the phyllosilicate sol-gel-immobilized lipase was dependent upon the ...
Villarreal L - - 2000
The induction of acid-shock proteins and the degree of acid resistance conferred on Clostridium perfringens by acid shock, and the kinetics of this resistance were determined. A sublethal acid shock at pH 4.5 for 20 min increased the acid tolerance of cells at least fifteenfold. The acquired tolerance was maintained ...
Robert D - - 2000
Controlled modifications in certain protein amino acid residues can lead to changes in their function and stability. Amino acid structural features and their relation to these changes were examined by using quantum molecular similarity techniques. The effect of deliberate mutations in position 172 of the haloalkane dehalogenase enzyme, yielding to ...
Draget K I - - 2000
AlgE4 is a mannuronan C5 epimerase converting homopolymeric sequences of mannuronate residues in alginates into mannuronate/guluronate alternating sequences. Treating alginates of different biological origin with AlgE4 resulted in different amounts of alternating sequences. Both ionically cross-linked alginate gels as well as alginic acid gels were prepared from the epimerised alginates. ...
Huang R N - - 2000
In the present study, arsanical-based affinity chromatography for pyruvate kinase (PK) isolation was explored. p-Arsanilic acid (4-aminophenyl arsonic acid), which contains an arsonic acid moiety structurally similar to inorganic pentavalent arsenate, was conjugated to Sepharose 4B via its para-amino group to form an As(V)-Sepharose matrix. The cellular proteins from KB ...
Nagashima S - - 2000
UDP-glucuronate: baicalein 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase (UBGAT) catalyzes the transfer of glucuronic acid from UDP-glucuronic acid to the 7-OH of baicalein. UBGAT was purified from cultured cells of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Lamiaceae). It was purified 95-fold using various chromatography and chromatofocusing procedures to apparent homogeneity. The Mr was estimated to be 110 kDa ...
Sugimori D - - 2000
A ferredoxin (Fd) was purified from the extremely halophilic archaeon, Haloarcula japonica strain TR-1, to electrophoretic homogeneity. The apparent molecular weight (Mr) of the Fd was estimated to be 24,000 on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The amino acid composition analysis revealed that the Fd composed of a number of acidic amino ...
Sato Y - - 2000
In the survey of 14 species of laboratory-cultured cyanobacteria for hemagglutinins, we newly detected the activity in two species, Oscillatoria agardhii, strain NIES-204, and Phormidium foveolarum, strain NIES-503. From the extract of O. agardhii, which showed the highest activity with trypsin-treated erythrocytes of rabbit, a lectin was purified to homogeneity ...
Tuncel A - - 2000
A thermosensitive gel matrix was prepared by free radical copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) with a boronic acid-carrying monomer (i.e. 4-vinylphenylboronic acid, VPBA). The synthesis of the gel was performed at 70 degrees C in an alcohol-water mixture, using azobisisobutyronitrile and methylenebisacrylamide as the initiator and the crosslinker, respectively. To produce ...
Lee Y H - - 2000
Epidermis-origin hemolymph protein (EOHP) was identified and purified from the last instar larval hemolymph of Galleria mellonella by anion exchange chromatography, chromatofocusing chromatography, and Sephadex G-100. The EOHP has a native molecular mass of 47 kDa and is composed of one subunit. The isoelectric point of the EOHP was determined ...
Hori N - - 2000
Tranilast (TL) oily gels consisting of hydrogenated soybean phospholipid and fatty-acid ester were prepared, and the inhibitory effect of the gels on the growth of granulation tissue were evaluated in a carrageenin-induced rat granulation model. By the application of 0.1 and 0.2% TL oily gel, the weight of granulation tissue ...
Ikura K - - 2000
Transglutaminases catalyze the cross-linking and amine incorporation of proteins, and are implicated in various biological phenomena such as blood clotting, wound healing, apoptosis, and cell differentiation. Streptomyces lavendulae Y-200, isolated from soil, produced a substance that inhibited transglutaminases. The inhibitory substance was purified from the cultured medium by procedures of ...
Amsden B - - 1999
The diffusivity of a protein solute (bovine serum albumin) within calcium alginate gels made from sodium alginate of different guluronic acid content was determined. It was found that protein diffusion within alginate gels, prepared to be isotropic in structure, was greatest for gels prepared from sodium alginate of low guluronic ...
Zamfir M - - 1999
Lactobacillus acidophilus IBB 801 produces a small bacteriocin, designated acidophilin 801, with an estimated molecular mass of less than 6.5 kDa. It displays a narrow inhibitory spectrum (only related lactobacilli but including the Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli Row and Salmonella panama 1467) with a bactericidal activity. The antimicrobial activity ...
Davies J R - - 1999
To investigate the genetic identities of the mucins secreted in cystic fibrosis (CF) airways, sputum was collected from five individuals. Samples were separated into gel and sol phases by high-speed centrifugation and the gel phase was extracted in 6 M guanidinium chloride. The 'insoluble' residue remaining after extraction of the ...
Anumula K R - - 1999
Application of the most sensitive fluorescent label 2-aminobenzoic acid (anthranilic acid, AA) for characterization of carbohydrates from the glycoproteins ( approximately 15 pmol) separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is described. AA label is used for the determination of both monosaccharide composition and oligosaccharide map. For the monosaccharide determination, bands containing ...
Zdebska E - - 1999
A method is described for determination of carbohydrate and protein contents of glycoproteins separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and then electroblotted onto polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membranes. Blots were stained, and appropriate pieces of PVDF membranes were excised, destained, and subjected to sequential hydrolysis with 0.2 M trifluoroacetic acid ...
Sümpelmann R - - 1999
In ten piglets (body weight 8.2-11.6 kg), acid base, electrolyte and anion gap changes were investigated during almost total plasma replacement with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and modified fluid gelatin (GEL) in saline solution using a cell saver autotransfusion technique. During the study, there were only moderate acid base changes, but ...
Nagashima T - - 1999
A phytase (EC 3.1.3.8) with a high affinity for phytic acid was found in Aspergillus niger SK-57 and purified to homogeneity in four steps by using ion-exchange chromatography (two types), gel filtration, and chromatofocusing. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme gave a single stained band at a ...
Sabaliunas D - - 1999
Semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) were deployed for 4 weeks in two rivers in Lithuania. The SPMD dialysates were tested in the Microtox assay and, surprisingly, the sample from the relatively clean Ula River exhibited three times more toxicity than the sample from the Vilnia River receiving discharge from several industrial ...
Asaro M R - - 1999
We built a modified version of voltage gradient gel electrophoresis system to correct distortions in nucleic acids electrophoretic migration patterns occurring at the edges of the gel when the original voltage gradient apparatus is used. The new device allows correct fractionation of nucleic acids also when electrophoresis is performed at ...
Kodaira H - - 1999
The sialylated mucus components of the normal gastric mucosa and mucous gel layer of rats were studied by using various histochemical staining methods including Maackia amurensis II (MAL-II) and Sambucus nigra (SNA) lectins, alcian blue (AB) pH 2.5 -- periodic acid Schiff (PAS) and high iron diamine (HID) -- AB ...
Matsumoto M - - 1999
Acute respiration distress syndrome (ARDS) is a typical complication in toxic shock-like syndrome (TSLS) caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. An isolated perfused rat lung model was used to identify the causative agent of ARDS in TSLS in this study. Some crude preparations separated from the culture supernatants of S. pyogenes isolates ...
Buchmann K - - 1999
Mechanisms in the host-finding process of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis were studied in vitro by a novel bioassay using 24-well multidishes supplied with bottom layers of agar with chemoattractants. It was shown that low molecular weight molecules (carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, urea) did not attract theronts. In contrast, sera and mucus ...
Mochizuki K - - 1999
An enzyme cleaving L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid to L-cysteine was purified 75-fold with 8% recovery to near homogeneity from crude extracts of Paecilomyces varioti F-1, which had been isolated as a fungus able to assimilate L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid. The molecular mass was estimated to be 260 kDa by gel filtration. The purified preparation ...
Kochansky J - - 1999
Formic acid has been used in various countries for the control of parasitic mites of honey bees (Apis mellifera), particularly the Varroa mite (Varroa jacobsoni) and the tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi). Its corrosivity and consequent fear of liability have precluded commercial interest in the United States, and its rapid vaporization ...
White G W - - 1999
Polygalacturonic acid is a linear carbohydrate polymer of monomeric galacturonic acid. It is commercially available as apple and citrus pectins comprised of a mixture of partially methoxylated and/or amidated polygalacturonic acids with molecular weights ranging from 25,000 to > 100,000 Da. Pectin can be chemically or enzymatically hydrolyzed to yield ...
Parida KM - - 1999
A series of sulfate-doped titania-silica mixed oxides have been prepared by immersing titania-silica gel in the required volume of sulfuric acid, followed by drying. The mixed oxide gel is obtained by hydrolyzing an equimolar mixture of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and tetrabutylorthotitanate (TBOT) at pH 3. The materials, after calcining at 723 ...
Stefansson M - - 1999
The polydispersity of alginic acids regarding distributions in molecular weight and chemical composition is analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. Low concentrations of linear polyacrylamide in the electrolyte provide the means for separation of alginate fractions into the megadalton range, while high-resolution polysaccharide mapping of structural variants could be achieved at higher ...
Kikuchi A - - 1999
In a previous study, we demonstrated the occurrence of novel proteins modified with a diphytanylglyceryl group in thioether linkage in Halobacterium halobium (Sagami, H., Kikuchi, A., and Ogura, K. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 14851-14854). In this study, we further investigated protein isoprenoid modification in this halobacterium using several radioactive ...
Nikai T - - 1999
A hemorrhagic toxin, designated Elegatoxin, was isolated from the venom of Trimeresurus elegans using HW-55, DEAE-Sephacel, CM-Cellulose and Mono S column chromatographies. The purified toxin was shown to be homogeneous by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, isoelectric electrophoresis, and Ouchterlony immunodiffusion. Elegatoxin has a molecular weight of 26,000 with ...
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