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Results 401 - 450 of 1931
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Villarreal L - - 2000
The induction of acid-shock proteins and the degree of acid resistance conferred on Clostridium perfringens by acid shock, and the kinetics of this resistance were determined. A sublethal acid shock at pH 4.5 for 20 min increased the acid tolerance of cells at least fifteenfold. The acquired tolerance was maintained ...
Robert D - - 2000
Controlled modifications in certain protein amino acid residues can lead to changes in their function and stability. Amino acid structural features and their relation to these changes were examined by using quantum molecular similarity techniques. The effect of deliberate mutations in position 172 of the haloalkane dehalogenase enzyme, yielding to ...
Draget K I - - 2000
AlgE4 is a mannuronan C5 epimerase converting homopolymeric sequences of mannuronate residues in alginates into mannuronate/guluronate alternating sequences. Treating alginates of different biological origin with AlgE4 resulted in different amounts of alternating sequences. Both ionically cross-linked alginate gels as well as alginic acid gels were prepared from the epimerised alginates. ...
Huang R N - - 2000
In the present study, arsanical-based affinity chromatography for pyruvate kinase (PK) isolation was explored. p-Arsanilic acid (4-aminophenyl arsonic acid), which contains an arsonic acid moiety structurally similar to inorganic pentavalent arsenate, was conjugated to Sepharose 4B via its para-amino group to form an As(V)-Sepharose matrix. The cellular proteins from KB ...
Nagashima S - - 2000
UDP-glucuronate: baicalein 7-O-glucuronosyltransferase (UBGAT) catalyzes the transfer of glucuronic acid from UDP-glucuronic acid to the 7-OH of baicalein. UBGAT was purified from cultured cells of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Lamiaceae). It was purified 95-fold using various chromatography and chromatofocusing procedures to apparent homogeneity. The Mr was estimated to be 110 kDa ...
Sugimori D - - 2000
A ferredoxin (Fd) was purified from the extremely halophilic archaeon, Haloarcula japonica strain TR-1, to electrophoretic homogeneity. The apparent molecular weight (Mr) of the Fd was estimated to be 24,000 on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The amino acid composition analysis revealed that the Fd composed of a number of acidic amino ...
Sato Y - - 2000
In the survey of 14 species of laboratory-cultured cyanobacteria for hemagglutinins, we newly detected the activity in two species, Oscillatoria agardhii, strain NIES-204, and Phormidium foveolarum, strain NIES-503. From the extract of O. agardhii, which showed the highest activity with trypsin-treated erythrocytes of rabbit, a lectin was purified to homogeneity ...
Tuncel A - - 2000
A thermosensitive gel matrix was prepared by free radical copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) with a boronic acid-carrying monomer (i.e. 4-vinylphenylboronic acid, VPBA). The synthesis of the gel was performed at 70 degrees C in an alcohol-water mixture, using azobisisobutyronitrile and methylenebisacrylamide as the initiator and the crosslinker, respectively. To produce ...
Lee Y H - - 2000
Epidermis-origin hemolymph protein (EOHP) was identified and purified from the last instar larval hemolymph of Galleria mellonella by anion exchange chromatography, chromatofocusing chromatography, and Sephadex G-100. The EOHP has a native molecular mass of 47 kDa and is composed of one subunit. The isoelectric point of the EOHP was determined ...
Hori N - - 2000
Tranilast (TL) oily gels consisting of hydrogenated soybean phospholipid and fatty-acid ester were prepared, and the inhibitory effect of the gels on the growth of granulation tissue were evaluated in a carrageenin-induced rat granulation model. By the application of 0.1 and 0.2% TL oily gel, the weight of granulation tissue ...
Ikura K - - 2000
Transglutaminases catalyze the cross-linking and amine incorporation of proteins, and are implicated in various biological phenomena such as blood clotting, wound healing, apoptosis, and cell differentiation. Streptomyces lavendulae Y-200, isolated from soil, produced a substance that inhibited transglutaminases. The inhibitory substance was purified from the cultured medium by procedures of ...
Amsden B - - 1999
The diffusivity of a protein solute (bovine serum albumin) within calcium alginate gels made from sodium alginate of different guluronic acid content was determined. It was found that protein diffusion within alginate gels, prepared to be isotropic in structure, was greatest for gels prepared from sodium alginate of low guluronic ...
Zamfir M - - 1999
Lactobacillus acidophilus IBB 801 produces a small bacteriocin, designated acidophilin 801, with an estimated molecular mass of less than 6.5 kDa. It displays a narrow inhibitory spectrum (only related lactobacilli but including the Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli Row and Salmonella panama 1467) with a bactericidal activity. The antimicrobial activity ...
Davies J R - - 1999
To investigate the genetic identities of the mucins secreted in cystic fibrosis (CF) airways, sputum was collected from five individuals. Samples were separated into gel and sol phases by high-speed centrifugation and the gel phase was extracted in 6 M guanidinium chloride. The 'insoluble' residue remaining after extraction of the ...
Anumula K R - - 1999
Application of the most sensitive fluorescent label 2-aminobenzoic acid (anthranilic acid, AA) for characterization of carbohydrates from the glycoproteins ( approximately 15 pmol) separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is described. AA label is used for the determination of both monosaccharide composition and oligosaccharide map. For the monosaccharide determination, bands containing ...
Zdebska E - - 1999
A method is described for determination of carbohydrate and protein contents of glycoproteins separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and then electroblotted onto polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membranes. Blots were stained, and appropriate pieces of PVDF membranes were excised, destained, and subjected to sequential hydrolysis with 0.2 M trifluoroacetic acid ...
Sümpelmann R - - 1999
In ten piglets (body weight 8.2-11.6 kg), acid base, electrolyte and anion gap changes were investigated during almost total plasma replacement with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and modified fluid gelatin (GEL) in saline solution using a cell saver autotransfusion technique. During the study, there were only moderate acid base changes, but ...
Nagashima T - - 1999
A phytase (EC 3.1.3.8) with a high affinity for phytic acid was found in Aspergillus niger SK-57 and purified to homogeneity in four steps by using ion-exchange chromatography (two types), gel filtration, and chromatofocusing. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme gave a single stained band at a ...
Sabaliunas D - - 1999
Semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) were deployed for 4 weeks in two rivers in Lithuania. The SPMD dialysates were tested in the Microtox assay and, surprisingly, the sample from the relatively clean Ula River exhibited three times more toxicity than the sample from the Vilnia River receiving discharge from several industrial ...
Asaro M R - - 1999
We built a modified version of voltage gradient gel electrophoresis system to correct distortions in nucleic acids electrophoretic migration patterns occurring at the edges of the gel when the original voltage gradient apparatus is used. The new device allows correct fractionation of nucleic acids also when electrophoresis is performed at ...
Kodaira H - - 1999
The sialylated mucus components of the normal gastric mucosa and mucous gel layer of rats were studied by using various histochemical staining methods including Maackia amurensis II (MAL-II) and Sambucus nigra (SNA) lectins, alcian blue (AB) pH 2.5 -- periodic acid Schiff (PAS) and high iron diamine (HID) -- AB ...
Matsumoto M - - 1999
Acute respiration distress syndrome (ARDS) is a typical complication in toxic shock-like syndrome (TSLS) caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. An isolated perfused rat lung model was used to identify the causative agent of ARDS in TSLS in this study. Some crude preparations separated from the culture supernatants of S. pyogenes isolates ...
Buchmann K - - 1999
Mechanisms in the host-finding process of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis were studied in vitro by a novel bioassay using 24-well multidishes supplied with bottom layers of agar with chemoattractants. It was shown that low molecular weight molecules (carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, urea) did not attract theronts. In contrast, sera and mucus ...
Mochizuki K - - 1999
An enzyme cleaving L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid to L-cysteine was purified 75-fold with 8% recovery to near homogeneity from crude extracts of Paecilomyces varioti F-1, which had been isolated as a fungus able to assimilate L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid. The molecular mass was estimated to be 260 kDa by gel filtration. The purified preparation ...
Kochansky J - - 1999
Formic acid has been used in various countries for the control of parasitic mites of honey bees (Apis mellifera), particularly the Varroa mite (Varroa jacobsoni) and the tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi). Its corrosivity and consequent fear of liability have precluded commercial interest in the United States, and its rapid vaporization ...
White G W - - 1999
Polygalacturonic acid is a linear carbohydrate polymer of monomeric galacturonic acid. It is commercially available as apple and citrus pectins comprised of a mixture of partially methoxylated and/or amidated polygalacturonic acids with molecular weights ranging from 25,000 to > 100,000 Da. Pectin can be chemically or enzymatically hydrolyzed to yield ...
Parida KM - - 1999
A series of sulfate-doped titania-silica mixed oxides have been prepared by immersing titania-silica gel in the required volume of sulfuric acid, followed by drying. The mixed oxide gel is obtained by hydrolyzing an equimolar mixture of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and tetrabutylorthotitanate (TBOT) at pH 3. The materials, after calcining at 723 ...
Stefansson M - - 1999
The polydispersity of alginic acids regarding distributions in molecular weight and chemical composition is analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. Low concentrations of linear polyacrylamide in the electrolyte provide the means for separation of alginate fractions into the megadalton range, while high-resolution polysaccharide mapping of structural variants could be achieved at higher ...
Kikuchi A - - 1999
In a previous study, we demonstrated the occurrence of novel proteins modified with a diphytanylglyceryl group in thioether linkage in Halobacterium halobium (Sagami, H., Kikuchi, A., and Ogura, K. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 14851-14854). In this study, we further investigated protein isoprenoid modification in this halobacterium using several radioactive ...
Nikai T - - 1999
A hemorrhagic toxin, designated Elegatoxin, was isolated from the venom of Trimeresurus elegans using HW-55, DEAE-Sephacel, CM-Cellulose and Mono S column chromatographies. The purified toxin was shown to be homogeneous by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, isoelectric electrophoresis, and Ouchterlony immunodiffusion. Elegatoxin has a molecular weight of 26,000 with ...
Olivieri E - - 1999
Zeins (the prolamins or seed storage proteins in maize) have been used to characterize and identify different genotypes. Zeins were fractionated by capillary zone electrophoresis in acidic, amphoteric buffers, which represent a medium of moderate conductivity and are thus compatible with higher voltage gradients. The running buffer consisted of 40 ...
Sintov A - - 1999
Aqueous gel preparations containing oleic acid/sodium oleate combinations were applied three times daily to hairless mice (CD1 strain). Six groups of animals (n = 9 or n = 10) were treated topically with six experimental vehicles containing 2, 3 and 4.5% oleic acid (OA) at two different pH values, 7.3 ...
Vioque J - - 1999
A chickpea 2S albumin has been purified by solubilization in 60% methanol and ion-exchange chromatography. Under denaturing conditions it is composed of two peptides of 10 and 12 kDa. Native molecular mass determined by gel filtration chromatography is 20 kDa. Amino acid composition shows that it is rich in sulfur ...
Syed F B - - 1999
A lectin was isolated from Agrobacterium radiobacter cell surface and purified. It is a monomer of 40 kDa as shown by SDS-PAGE. The lectin has a pI of 9.15 and amino acid composition of the lectin shows that 44% of the amino acids are hydrophobic. The lectin agglutinates rabbit erythrocytes ...
Bellini M P - - 1999
The electric field strength gradients generated in isotachophoresis (ITP) may be used for the separation of biomolecules. Poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (polyAMPS) polymers of a uniform distribution of molecular mass were synthesized and used as novel spacers in ITP. Since these polymeric spacers are strongly acidic species, their ionic charges remain constant ...
Temp U - - 1999
When glucose is the carbon source, the white rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus produces a characteristic red pigment, cinnabarinic acid, which is formed by laccase-catalyzed oxidation of the precursor 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. When P. cinnabarinus was grown on media containing cellobiose or cellulose as the carbon source, the amount of cinnabarinic acid ...
Itoh A - - 1999
Two fatty acid hydroperoxide lyases (HPO lyase I and II) were purified to apparent homogeneity from etiolated hypocotyls of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by a combination of ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and gel filtration chromatography. The two HPO lyases were separated during the hydrophobic interaction chromatography step, with HPO lyase I ...
Rahali V - - 1999
A comparative study of various procedures for tryptophanyl peptide bond cleavage by BNPS-skatole [2-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-methyl-3-bromoindolenine] was carried out on native and on reduced and alkylated bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG). The reaction yield and the composition of the derived products were studied in acetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), and ethanol/TFA. For BNPS-skatole removal, ...
Mendonça E H - - 1999
The leghemoglobin from nodules of Crotalaria juncea infected with Rhizobium spp. was purified to homogeneity. The protein was purified after precipitation with 40-80% (NH4)2SO4, and chromatography by anionic exchange and gel filtration. The leghemoglobin has a single component and showed an apparent M(r) of ca. 17,300 and 23,700 determined by ...
Hayashi I - - 1999
1. Subcutaneous injection of sodium deoxycholic acid into the anterior of the back of male ddY mice elicited dose-dependent scratching of the injected site with the forepaws and hindpaws. 2. Up to 100 microg of sodium deoxycholic acid induced no significant increase in vascular permeability at the injection site as ...
Joh T - - 1998
An acid phosphatase with a very high substrate specificity for glucose-1-phosphate was isolated for the first time from mycelia of Pholiota nameko. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 31,000 on gel filtration and 35,000 on SDS-PAGE. The activity was inhibited by Cu2+, Hg2+, molybdate, and tartaric ...
Smales C M - - 1998
Acid-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (acid-PAGE) was used for analysis of lysozyme-estrone glucuronide conjugates. The resolution of the system allowed the identification of individual conjugate families which differed only in the position of acylation or in the number of estrone glucuronide units. Acid-PAGE was a good alternative to denaturing cation-exchange chromatography for ...
Hirsh D J - - 1998
16-Fluoropalmitic acid was synthesized from 16-hydroxypalmitic acid using diethylaminosulfur trifluoride. This monofluorinated fatty acid then was used to make 1-palmitoyl-2-[16-fluoropalmitoyl]-phosphatidylcholine (F-DPPC) as a fluorinated analog of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). Surprisingly, we found that the phase transition temperature (Tm) of F-DPPC occurs near 50 degrees C, approximately 10 degrees C higher than ...
Rijnkels J M - - 1998
Modulatory effects were investigated of extracts of a vegetables-fruit mixture and indole-3-carbinol (I3C) on stearic acid-modulated gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and cytochrome P450-IA activity (EROD). In V79 cells, pure water and hexane extracts of a vegetables-fruit mixture and 25 μg/ml I3C significantly protected against decreased GJIC caused by 10 ...
Ohshima T - - 1998
A transferrin (TF) variant was found in the child in a paternity case by polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing (PAGIF). Further analysis of serum TF disclosed that this rare TF variant was inherited from the alleged father. This TF variant was identified as TF DHR5, being identical with a variant TF ...
Yan J X - - 1998
A simple technique is introduced to identify and quantitate cysteine (Cys) after acid hydrolysis of protein. The technique involves using 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (Fmoc)-based amino acid analysis that recovers all of the amino acids (asparagine and glutamine are recovered in their acidic forms) except tryptophan. Cys adducts with acrylamide and iodoacetamide ...
Sampaio A H - - 1998
A lectin from the red marine alga Ptilota filicina (PFL) was isolated by affinity chromatography on cross-linked guar gum. PFL agglutinated native and papain-treated human erythrocytes with preference for type O erythrocytes. The lectin was inhibited by galactose and its derivatives. The most potent inhibitors were p-Nitrophenyl-N-acetyl-alpha- and beta-D-galactosaminide. Porcine ...
Gafencu A - - 1998
In endothelial cells (EC), caveolae or plasmalemmal vesicles (PVs) represent a structurally and biochemically specialized membrane microdomain. Since few data are available on the biochemical composition of PVs of large vessel endothelium, we have designed experiments to isolate this domain and to analyze its chemical components. A highly purified apical ...
Borkenhagen M - - 1998
Growing neurites are guided through their environment during development and regeneration via different cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) molecular cues. To mimic cell-matrix interactions, a three-dimensional (3D) hydrogel-based ECM equivalent containing a covalently immobilized laminin oligopeptide sequence was designed to facilitate nerve regeneration. This study illustrates that the oligopeptide domain ...
Bedzyk W D - - 1998
The results from molecular mass determinations and amino acid analyses for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) and PSA-ACT complexed in vitro are reported. Molecular masses for two separate PSA-ACT lots were determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectroscopy (MALDI-MS) coupled to a time-of-flight (TOF) detector. Interestingly, both PSA-ACT ...
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