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Saeedi M - - 2003
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. has been used in herbal medicine for skin eruptions, including dermatitis, eczema, pruritus and cysts. The effect of licorice extract as topical preparation was evaluated on atopic dermatitis. The plant was collected and extracted by percolation with suitable solvent. The extract was standardized, based on Glycyrrhizinic acid ...
Yamada Satoko - - 2003
Protein acylation in glucose stimulation of insulin secretion in the beta-cells has been implicated. Accordingly, we attempted to identify the target(s) of acylation in the pancreatic islets. Rat pancreatic islets were labeled with [3H]palmitic acid for 1 h at 37 C, and the whole cell lysate was analyzed by SDS-PAGE ...
Naess-Andresen C F - - 2003
To purify and partially characterise a fraction from human leucocytes containing a substance cytotoxic to Candida albicans. Leucocytes were isolated from the buffy coats of healthy blood donors. The cytotoxic factor (CF) was isolated from the soluble fraction of the cells. A cell lysate was passed through a filter with ...
Usui Shigeyuki S Department of Pharmaceutics, Gifu Pharmaceutical University, 5-6-1 Mitahora-higashi, Gifu 502-8585, - - 2003
In this work, the alacepril thiolesterase, which catalyzes the hydrolyzing reaction of the thiolester linkage in alacepril and the conversion from alacepril to deacetylalacepril, was purified from rat liver cytosol and characterized. A purification procedure for the thiolesterase consisted of ammonium sulfate fractionation and chromatographies with phenyl Sepharose CL-4B, Q ...
Shin Sang-Chul - - 2003
This study was performed to develop new enhanced anesthetic benzocaine gels with a suitable bioadhesive property for local anesthetic effects. As the concentration of benzocaine in the HPMC gels increased up to 15%, the permeation of drug increased, thereafter slightly increased. The activation energy of drug permeation was 11.29 kcal/mol. ...
Bruschi Maurizio - - 2003
As a follow-up of a previous work on two-dimensional map analysis utilizing soft (< 4%T) immobilized pH gradient (IPG) matrices in the first dimension (Candiano et al., Electrophoresis 2002, 23, 292-297), we have further optimized the preparation of such dilute IPG gels. One important step for obtaining an even reswelling ...
Simes Dina C - - 2003
Metallothioneins (MT) were obtained after purification from metal-exposed clams (Ruditapes decussatus) using gel-permeation and ion-exchange chromatography. Four cadmium-metallothioneins (CdMTs) were resolved by ion-exchange chromatography and they all had similar molecular weights, high cadmium content and an absorption spectra indicative of the presence of characteristic Cd-S aggregates. The NH(2)-terminal sequence suggests ...
Yener G - - 2003
The aim of this study was the comparison of three different formulations (gel, o/w emulsion, oleagenous cream) and two penetration enhancers (oleic acid and menthol) as vehicle systems for celecoxib in respect of release and penetration through excised human skin in vitro. The influence of the vehicle on the release ...
Miyagishi Shigeyoshi - - 2003
The volume phase transition behavior of a poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) gel (NIPA gel) in solutions of N-acyl amino acid surfactants were studied as a function of surfactant concentration. The addition of a surfactant beyond the critical micelle concentration (cmc) produced elevation in the transition temperature of the NIPA gel and its swelling. ...
Goto Hidetoshi - - 2003
Poly(phenylacetylene) gels (gel-1-H and gel-2-H) bearing a carboxy pendant were synthesized either by the copolymerization of (4-carboxyphenyl)acetylene (gel-1-H) with a bis(phenylacetylene) derivative as the cross-linking reagent using a rhodium complex ([Rh(cod)(2)]BF(4): cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) as the catalyst or by the cross-linking of poly[(4-carboxyphenyl)acetylene] with diamines (gel-2-H). The obtained gels were ...
Wei Ji-Fu - - 2003
An L-amino acid oxidase (TM-LAO) from the venom of Hunan Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus was purified to homogeneity by three steps including DEAE Sephadex A-50 ion-exchange chromatography, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and Resource Q ion-exchange chromatography. TM-LAO is composed of two identical subunits with a molecular weight of 55 kD by SDS-polyacrylamide ...
Eguaras Martin - - 2003
The efficacy of formic acid in a gel matrix was evaluated in two groups of honeybee colonies. In Group 1, a dispenser with 120 g of formic acid (70%) in gel was placed on the brood combs and another dispenser with the same dose was located on the hive bottom ...
Jung Won-Kyo - - 2003
Fish eggs are known as a rich source of lectins. In this study we purified and characterized a lectin from unfertilized Katsuwonus pelamis hard roe. K. pelamis lectin (KPL) was purified by separation into two fractions above and below the molecular weight of 10kDa using ultramembrane, gel filtration on a ...
Blonde James D - - 2003
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) is believed to play an important role in producing malate as a substrate for fatty acid synthesis by leucoplasts of the developing castor oilseed (COS) endosperm. Two kinetically distinct isoforms of COS PEPC were resolved by gel filtration chromatography and purified. PEPC1 is a typical 410-kDa homotetramer ...
Owen Derek H - - 2003
The rheological properties of four commercially available spermicidal gels (two polyacrylic acid derivatives and two carboxymethylcellulose based) and their dilutions with a vaginal fluid simulant (pH 4.2) and a semen simulant (pH 7.7) were measured at 25 degrees C and 37 degrees C over a biologically relevant range of shear ...
Chisty Mohammed Nasser Ali - - 2002
In this investigation, the diffusion of the beta 2 agonist albuterol sulfate (ABS) across several membranes (cellulose, hairless mouse skin, human cadaver skin) from polymer gels was studied, and the effects of several fatty acids on drug permeation through skin were evaluated. The results were then used to predict whether ...
Dong X Z - - 2002
Using Sephadex G-50 gel filtration, DEAE-52 cellulose ion-exchange chromatography, and an improved polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis together with electroelution, a novel polypeptide with antimicrobial activity in vitro was isolated and characterized from loach, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus. The polypeptide, named MAPP, contains about 94 residues containing l0 different amino acids, of which cysteine ...
De Deene Y - - 2002
Polymer gel dosimeters offer a wide range of potential applications in the three-dimensional verification of complex dose distribution such as in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Until now, however, polymer gel dosimeters have not been widely used in the clinic. One of the reasons is that they are difficult to manufacture. As ...
Makarević Janja - - 2002
Some bis (amino acid) oxalamide gelators form common thermo-reversible gels with various organic solvents but also gels of exceptional thermal stability with some solvents of medium and low polarity; the latter gels can be heated up to 50 degrees C higher temperatures than the bp of the solvent without apparent ...
Matsumoto T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acidic oxidative potential water (AOPW) is strongly acidic, and contains active oxygen species and thus exhibits an oxidative potential to cause biochemical alterations of wheat proteins. METHODS: A commercial wheat allergen extract was treated with AOPW, and then analysed by means of SDS-PAGE and the skin prick test in ...
Güngör H Cem - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of experimentally derived surfactant-containing acid gel with those of different surface-conditioning agents on microleakage of unfilled and filled sealants applied to permanent teeth following noninvasive and invasive procedures. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Four main groups of surface-conditioning agents (NRC; NRC ...
Konozy Emadeldin H E - - 2002
Lectin from a leaf of Erythrina indica was isolated by affinity chromatography on Lactamyl-Seralose 4B. Lectin gave a single band in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). In SDS-gel electrophoresis under reducing and non-reducing conditions Erythrina indica leaf lectin (EiLL) split into two bands with subunit molecular weights of 30 and 33 ...
Minamino Tohru - - 2002
FliH is a regulatory component for FliI, the ATPase that is responsible for driving flagellar protein export in Salmonella. FliH consists of 235 amino acid residues, has a quite elongated shape, exists as a homodimer and together with FliI forms a heterotrimer. Here, we have investigated the structural properties of ...
Monastyrnaya Margarita M - - 2002
Some biologically active polypeptides, three high and two low molecular weight cytolysins and four trypsin inhibitors were isolated from the sea anemone Radianthus macrodactylus and characterized. The purification steps involved acetone precipitation, gel filtration, ion-exchange, and affinity chromatography, and ion-exchange and reverse-phase HPLC. The relative molecular weight of high molecular ...
Knoll-Köhler Elisabeth - - 2002
Amine hydrofluorides are widely used to prevent caries. As an acidulated gel, they were also studied for their applicability to reduce pathogenic bacteria in periodontal pockets. We assessed the toxicity of this pharmaceutical amine hydrofluoride preparation on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vitro by measuring Trypan blue exclusion and the generation ...
Mäder Ulrike - - 2002
A comprehensive study of Bacillus subtilis gene expression patterns in response to amino acid availability was performed by means of proteomics and transcriptomics. The methods of two-dimensional protein gel electrophoresis and DNA macroarray technology were combined to analyze cells exponentially grown in minimal medium with and without 0.2% Casamino Acids ...
Rego Evandro J L - - 2002
A lectin from the seeds of Crotalaria pallida (CPL), with an apparent molecular mass of 30 kDa, determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, showed human type A and B erythrocytes agglutination activity, which is inhibited by raffinose and galactose. The lectin requirement for divalent cation was demonstrated with EDTA/EGTA blocking hemagglutination ...
Mans Ben J - - 2002
The tick, Ornithodoros savignyi has been implicated in inducing paralysis and tampan toxicosis. In this study, a basic toxin (TSGP4) was identified and the presence of an acidic toxin (TSGP2) was confirmed. Both basic and acidic toxins were more lethal than previously described, with TSGP4 (34microg) and TSGP2 (24microg) causing ...
Mkwetshana Noxolo - - 2002
Calcium-activated neutral proteinases (CANPs) and their endogenous specific inhibitor calpastatin are found in a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. The CANPs are cysteine proteinases that have an absolute requirement for Ca(2+) for activity. mu-Calpain and calpastatin were purified by successive chromatographic steps on Toyopearl-Super Q 650S and Pharmacia ...
Fuchigami Takashi - - 2002
HIV-1(LAV-1) particles were collected by ultracentrifugation, treated with subtilisin, and then purified by Sepharose CL-4B column chromatography to remove microvesicles. The lysate of the purified human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles was subjected to two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and stained, and the stained spots were excised and digested with ...
Ding Joe L C - - 2002
An acidic pectin methylesterase (PME) is responsible for the gelation of water extract from jelly fig (Ficus awkeotasang) achenes. A new, fast and efficient, method has been developed to purify this acidic PME. The method includes preparing jelly curd by traditional hand washing, extracting proteins from the curd, and separating ...
Pando S C - - 2002
A lectin from Delonix regia (DRL) seeds was purified by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 followed by ion-exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl-Sepharose and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a C18 column. Hemagglutinating activity was monitored using rat erythrocytes. DRL showed no specificity for human erythrocytes of ABO blood groups. Sodium dodecyl ...
Otta Yumi - - 2002
A lectin was isolated from an ascomycete mushroom, Ciborinia camelliae which was specific to N-acetyl-D-galactosamine. On SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; this lectin gave a single band of approximately 17-kDa in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol, but formed dimers, trimers and tetramers in its absence. Amino acid analysis revealed the lectin contained two ...
Zeller Martin - - 2002
Modern protein identification and analysis relies largely on proteolytic in-gel digestion of proteins separated during polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) followed by mass spectrometric (MS) measurement of the extracted peptides. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is routinely used in nonnative PAGE. However, SDS can interfere with MS. We report the use of ...
Wilimowska-Pelc Anna - - 2002
A chymotrypsin inhibitor of the Kazal-type has been isolated from duck pancreas, by affinity chromatography on immobilized chymotrypsin, gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-10 and reverse phase (RP)-HPLC. It inhibits bovine chymotrypsin Aalpha with an association constant (K(a)) of 2.06x10(7) M(-1). The complete amino acid sequence was determined after digestion of ...
Nakano Takuo - - 2002
Glycomacropeptide (GMP) found in sweet whey is a biologically active compound released from kappa-casein by the action of chymosin during cheese making. This study was undertaken to purify GMP from sweet whey as a research chemical on a laboratory scale. Glycomacropeptide was isolated from proteins and other non-GMP compounds by ...
Kim Ung-Jin - - 2002
A new cellulose-based anion-exchanger was prepared by grafting polyallylamine onto cellulose. The material was obtained by partial oxidation of a size-exclusion grade cellulose gel by aq. NaIO4, forming dialdehyde cellulose, followed by Schiff base formation with a polyallylamine (PAA, molecular mass 5000) and subsequent reduction for stabilization. Three grades of ...
Chen Hao - - 2002
Sialic acids are a group of carboxylated amino sugars important for a variety of cellular functions. N-Acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) is the predominant sialic acid in nature. Neu5Ac-9-phosphate synthase catalyzes the formation of Neu5Ac-9-phosphate from N-acetylmannosamine-6-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate. Neu5Ac-9-phosphate synthase was purified 11,700-fold from rat liver cytosol to apparent homogeneity by ...
Değim Z - - 2002
The process of wound healing begins immediately following surface lesions or just after exposure to radiation, chemical agents or extreme temperatures. Taurine (2-aminoethane sulfonic acid), an amino acid containing sulfur, is found in almost all tissues in mammals, playing various important physio-logical roles in each organ. Taurine exhibits an antioxidant ...
Skibeli V - - 2001
Erythropoietin (EPO) from sera obtained from anemic patients was successfully isolated using magnetic beads coated with a human EPO (hEPO)-specific antibody. Human serum EPO emerged as a broad band after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, with an apparent molecular weight slightly smaller than that of recombinant hEPO (rhEPO). The bandwidth ...
Huang K - - 2001
A selenium-containing peroxidase from the germinating barley grown on a selenium-containing artificial medium was isolated and purified by means of cold acetone precipitation, Sephadex-G150 filtration, followed by DEAE-Sepharose chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulfate--polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis. The form of selenium existing in the peptide assayed with paper chromatography was selenomethionine. The ...
Hashizume K - - 2001
An S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent O-methyltransferase capable of methylating 2-hydroxy-3-alkylpyrazine (HP) was purified 7,300-fold to apparent homogeneity with an 8.2% overall recovery from Vitis vinifera L. (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon) through a purification procedure including column chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose FF, Ether-5PW, hydroxyapatite, G2000SW(XL), and DEAE-5PW. The relative molecular mass of the native enzyme estimated ...
Jung J H - - 2001
New crown-appended cholesterol-based organogelator 1, which has two cholesterol skeletons as a chiral aggregate-forming site, two amino groups as an acidic proton-binding site, and one crown moiety as a cation-binding site, was synthesized, and the gelation ability was evaluated in organic solvents. It can gelate acetic acid, acetonitrile, acetone, ethanol, ...
Kishimura H - - 2001
Trypsin inhibitor was purified from the hepatopancreas of squid (Todarodes pacificus). The final inhibitor preparation was nearly homogeneous by SDS-PAGE with an estimated molecular weight of approximately 6300. The squid trypsin inhibitor was acid- and heat-stable, and active against trypsins from the pyloric ceca of starfish (Asterias amurensis) and saury ...
Consoli L - - 2001
A two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis procedure was optimized to obtain well-resolved and reproducible patterns of zein polypeptides in maize. All zein isoforms obtained through zein-specific extraction were observed from whole meal extracted with a urea/Triton/2-mercaptoethanol solution. Loading the protein samples at the acidic side of the gradient, using an amino acid ...
Rhee C H - - 2001
Antimutagenic substances were purified from a culture supernatant of Lactobacillus plantarum KLAB21 cells isolated from kimchi, a Korean traditional fermented vegetable, and their characteristics were investigated. The antimutagenic substances were separated into two fractions by DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange column chromatography, which were designated the R1 and R2 fractions. The R1 fraction ...
Mochizuki K - - 2001
A lactonase hydrolyzing (R)-5-oxo-2-tetrahydrofurancarboxylic acid to D-alpha-hydroxyglutaric acid was purified 170-fold with 2% recovery to near homogeneity from crude extracts of Burkholderia sp. R-711, which had been isolated as a bacterium able to assimilate (R)-5-oxo-2-tetrahydrofurancarboxylic acid. The molecular mass was estimated to be 33 kDa by gel filtration. The purified ...
Verseck S - - 2001
Thirty-one different actinomycete strains were used in a genetic screening using PCR and Southern hybridization methods to detect N-acetylamino acid racemases (AAR) in order to obtain enzymes with different properties. Cloning and sequencing of a 2.5 kb EcoRI DNA fragment from Amycolatopsis orientalis subsp. lurida revealed the coding gene of ...
Koyama N - - 2001
We prepared 25 kDa human fibroblast growth factor-9 (hFGF-9 N33) on a large scale after overproduction in Escherichia coli MM294 (DE3)/pTG931. The purification was performed by a combination of hydrophobic chromatography and HPLC with an ion exchange column, a heparin affinity column and a gel filtration column. This improved procedure ...
Kobayashi T - - 2001
An exopolygalacturonase [exo-PGase; poly (1,4-alpha-D-galacturonide) galacturonohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.67] was found to be extracellularly produced by Bacillus sp. strain KSM-P443. The exo-PGase was purified to homogeneity, as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, through sequential column chromatographies. The enzyme had a molecular weight of approximately 45,000 and an isoelectric point of pH ...
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