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Results 351 - 400 of 1932
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Makarević Janja - - 2002
Some bis (amino acid) oxalamide gelators form common thermo-reversible gels with various organic solvents but also gels of exceptional thermal stability with some solvents of medium and low polarity; the latter gels can be heated up to 50 degrees C higher temperatures than the bp of the solvent without apparent ...
Matsumoto T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acidic oxidative potential water (AOPW) is strongly acidic, and contains active oxygen species and thus exhibits an oxidative potential to cause biochemical alterations of wheat proteins. METHODS: A commercial wheat allergen extract was treated with AOPW, and then analysed by means of SDS-PAGE and the skin prick test in ...
Güngör H Cem - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of experimentally derived surfactant-containing acid gel with those of different surface-conditioning agents on microleakage of unfilled and filled sealants applied to permanent teeth following noninvasive and invasive procedures. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Four main groups of surface-conditioning agents (NRC; NRC ...
Konozy Emadeldin H E - - 2002
Lectin from a leaf of Erythrina indica was isolated by affinity chromatography on Lactamyl-Seralose 4B. Lectin gave a single band in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). In SDS-gel electrophoresis under reducing and non-reducing conditions Erythrina indica leaf lectin (EiLL) split into two bands with subunit molecular weights of 30 and 33 ...
Minamino Tohru - - 2002
FliH is a regulatory component for FliI, the ATPase that is responsible for driving flagellar protein export in Salmonella. FliH consists of 235 amino acid residues, has a quite elongated shape, exists as a homodimer and together with FliI forms a heterotrimer. Here, we have investigated the structural properties of ...
Monastyrnaya Margarita M - - 2002
Some biologically active polypeptides, three high and two low molecular weight cytolysins and four trypsin inhibitors were isolated from the sea anemone Radianthus macrodactylus and characterized. The purification steps involved acetone precipitation, gel filtration, ion-exchange, and affinity chromatography, and ion-exchange and reverse-phase HPLC. The relative molecular weight of high molecular ...
Knoll-Köhler Elisabeth - - 2002
Amine hydrofluorides are widely used to prevent caries. As an acidulated gel, they were also studied for their applicability to reduce pathogenic bacteria in periodontal pockets. We assessed the toxicity of this pharmaceutical amine hydrofluoride preparation on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vitro by measuring Trypan blue exclusion and the generation ...
Mäder Ulrike - - 2002
A comprehensive study of Bacillus subtilis gene expression patterns in response to amino acid availability was performed by means of proteomics and transcriptomics. The methods of two-dimensional protein gel electrophoresis and DNA macroarray technology were combined to analyze cells exponentially grown in minimal medium with and without 0.2% Casamino Acids ...
Rego Evandro J L - - 2002
A lectin from the seeds of Crotalaria pallida (CPL), with an apparent molecular mass of 30 kDa, determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, showed human type A and B erythrocytes agglutination activity, which is inhibited by raffinose and galactose. The lectin requirement for divalent cation was demonstrated with EDTA/EGTA blocking hemagglutination ...
Mans Ben J - - 2002
The tick, Ornithodoros savignyi has been implicated in inducing paralysis and tampan toxicosis. In this study, a basic toxin (TSGP4) was identified and the presence of an acidic toxin (TSGP2) was confirmed. Both basic and acidic toxins were more lethal than previously described, with TSGP4 (34microg) and TSGP2 (24microg) causing ...
Mkwetshana Noxolo - - 2002
Calcium-activated neutral proteinases (CANPs) and their endogenous specific inhibitor calpastatin are found in a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate tissues. The CANPs are cysteine proteinases that have an absolute requirement for Ca(2+) for activity. mu-Calpain and calpastatin were purified by successive chromatographic steps on Toyopearl-Super Q 650S and Pharmacia ...
Fuchigami Takashi - - 2002
HIV-1(LAV-1) particles were collected by ultracentrifugation, treated with subtilisin, and then purified by Sepharose CL-4B column chromatography to remove microvesicles. The lysate of the purified human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles was subjected to two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and stained, and the stained spots were excised and digested with ...
Ding Joe L C - - 2002
An acidic pectin methylesterase (PME) is responsible for the gelation of water extract from jelly fig (Ficus awkeotasang) achenes. A new, fast and efficient, method has been developed to purify this acidic PME. The method includes preparing jelly curd by traditional hand washing, extracting proteins from the curd, and separating ...
Pando S C - - 2002
A lectin from Delonix regia (DRL) seeds was purified by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 followed by ion-exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl-Sepharose and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a C18 column. Hemagglutinating activity was monitored using rat erythrocytes. DRL showed no specificity for human erythrocytes of ABO blood groups. Sodium dodecyl ...
Otta Yumi - - 2002
A lectin was isolated from an ascomycete mushroom, Ciborinia camelliae which was specific to N-acetyl-D-galactosamine. On SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; this lectin gave a single band of approximately 17-kDa in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol, but formed dimers, trimers and tetramers in its absence. Amino acid analysis revealed the lectin contained two ...
Zeller Martin - - 2002
Modern protein identification and analysis relies largely on proteolytic in-gel digestion of proteins separated during polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) followed by mass spectrometric (MS) measurement of the extracted peptides. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is routinely used in nonnative PAGE. However, SDS can interfere with MS. We report the use of ...
Wilimowska-Pelc Anna - - 2002
A chymotrypsin inhibitor of the Kazal-type has been isolated from duck pancreas, by affinity chromatography on immobilized chymotrypsin, gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-10 and reverse phase (RP)-HPLC. It inhibits bovine chymotrypsin Aalpha with an association constant (K(a)) of 2.06x10(7) M(-1). The complete amino acid sequence was determined after digestion of ...
Nakano Takuo - - 2002
Glycomacropeptide (GMP) found in sweet whey is a biologically active compound released from kappa-casein by the action of chymosin during cheese making. This study was undertaken to purify GMP from sweet whey as a research chemical on a laboratory scale. Glycomacropeptide was isolated from proteins and other non-GMP compounds by ...
Kim Ung-Jin - - 2002
A new cellulose-based anion-exchanger was prepared by grafting polyallylamine onto cellulose. The material was obtained by partial oxidation of a size-exclusion grade cellulose gel by aq. NaIO4, forming dialdehyde cellulose, followed by Schiff base formation with a polyallylamine (PAA, molecular mass 5000) and subsequent reduction for stabilization. Three grades of ...
Chen Hao - - 2002
Sialic acids are a group of carboxylated amino sugars important for a variety of cellular functions. N-Acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) is the predominant sialic acid in nature. Neu5Ac-9-phosphate synthase catalyzes the formation of Neu5Ac-9-phosphate from N-acetylmannosamine-6-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate. Neu5Ac-9-phosphate synthase was purified 11,700-fold from rat liver cytosol to apparent homogeneity by ...
Değim Z - - 2002
The process of wound healing begins immediately following surface lesions or just after exposure to radiation, chemical agents or extreme temperatures. Taurine (2-aminoethane sulfonic acid), an amino acid containing sulfur, is found in almost all tissues in mammals, playing various important physio-logical roles in each organ. Taurine exhibits an antioxidant ...
Skibeli V - - 2001
Erythropoietin (EPO) from sera obtained from anemic patients was successfully isolated using magnetic beads coated with a human EPO (hEPO)-specific antibody. Human serum EPO emerged as a broad band after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, with an apparent molecular weight slightly smaller than that of recombinant hEPO (rhEPO). The bandwidth ...
Huang K - - 2001
A selenium-containing peroxidase from the germinating barley grown on a selenium-containing artificial medium was isolated and purified by means of cold acetone precipitation, Sephadex-G150 filtration, followed by DEAE-Sepharose chromatography and sodium dodecyl sulfate--polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis. The form of selenium existing in the peptide assayed with paper chromatography was selenomethionine. The ...
Hashizume K - - 2001
An S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent O-methyltransferase capable of methylating 2-hydroxy-3-alkylpyrazine (HP) was purified 7,300-fold to apparent homogeneity with an 8.2% overall recovery from Vitis vinifera L. (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon) through a purification procedure including column chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose FF, Ether-5PW, hydroxyapatite, G2000SW(XL), and DEAE-5PW. The relative molecular mass of the native enzyme estimated ...
Jung J H - - 2001
New crown-appended cholesterol-based organogelator 1, which has two cholesterol skeletons as a chiral aggregate-forming site, two amino groups as an acidic proton-binding site, and one crown moiety as a cation-binding site, was synthesized, and the gelation ability was evaluated in organic solvents. It can gelate acetic acid, acetonitrile, acetone, ethanol, ...
Kishimura H - - 2001
Trypsin inhibitor was purified from the hepatopancreas of squid (Todarodes pacificus). The final inhibitor preparation was nearly homogeneous by SDS-PAGE with an estimated molecular weight of approximately 6300. The squid trypsin inhibitor was acid- and heat-stable, and active against trypsins from the pyloric ceca of starfish (Asterias amurensis) and saury ...
Consoli L - - 2001
A two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis procedure was optimized to obtain well-resolved and reproducible patterns of zein polypeptides in maize. All zein isoforms obtained through zein-specific extraction were observed from whole meal extracted with a urea/Triton/2-mercaptoethanol solution. Loading the protein samples at the acidic side of the gradient, using an amino acid ...
Rhee C H - - 2001
Antimutagenic substances were purified from a culture supernatant of Lactobacillus plantarum KLAB21 cells isolated from kimchi, a Korean traditional fermented vegetable, and their characteristics were investigated. The antimutagenic substances were separated into two fractions by DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange column chromatography, which were designated the R1 and R2 fractions. The R1 fraction ...
Mochizuki K - - 2001
A lactonase hydrolyzing (R)-5-oxo-2-tetrahydrofurancarboxylic acid to D-alpha-hydroxyglutaric acid was purified 170-fold with 2% recovery to near homogeneity from crude extracts of Burkholderia sp. R-711, which had been isolated as a bacterium able to assimilate (R)-5-oxo-2-tetrahydrofurancarboxylic acid. The molecular mass was estimated to be 33 kDa by gel filtration. The purified ...
Verseck S - - 2001
Thirty-one different actinomycete strains were used in a genetic screening using PCR and Southern hybridization methods to detect N-acetylamino acid racemases (AAR) in order to obtain enzymes with different properties. Cloning and sequencing of a 2.5 kb EcoRI DNA fragment from Amycolatopsis orientalis subsp. lurida revealed the coding gene of ...
Koyama N - - 2001
We prepared 25 kDa human fibroblast growth factor-9 (hFGF-9 N33) on a large scale after overproduction in Escherichia coli MM294 (DE3)/pTG931. The purification was performed by a combination of hydrophobic chromatography and HPLC with an ion exchange column, a heparin affinity column and a gel filtration column. This improved procedure ...
Kobayashi T - - 2001
An exopolygalacturonase [exo-PGase; poly (1,4-alpha-D-galacturonide) galacturonohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.67] was found to be extracellularly produced by Bacillus sp. strain KSM-P443. The exo-PGase was purified to homogeneity, as judged by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, through sequential column chromatographies. The enzyme had a molecular weight of approximately 45,000 and an isoelectric point of pH ...
Peng X - - 2001
A glycoconjugate with pronounced immunoactivity, designated as LbGp2, was isolated from the fruit of Lycium barbarum L. and purified to homogeneity by gel-filtration. Its carbohydrate content is up to 90.71% composed of Ara, Gal and amino acids. The molecular weight is 68.2 kDa as determined by size exclusive chromatography (SEC). ...
Wen J - - 2001
The fatty acid synthase from Bugula neritina has been purified 100-fold using ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange and size exclusion chromatography. The purified enzyme has a molecular weight of approximately 382,000 Da, as judged by gel filtration. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions in the presence of SDS revealed one major ...
Sampietro A R. - - 2001
A new agglutinin (lectin), called CBL3, was purified from the juice of ripe Cyphomandra betacea Sendt. fruits until electrophoretically pure to homogeneity. The lectin is a homodimer of M(r)=50800 with subunits of 26200 bound by disulfide linkages with a pI of 4.9. The agglutinating capacity of the lectin is only ...
Eguaras M - - 2001
An organic product based on formic acid in a gel matrix was evaluated for use in Varroa control under autumnal climatic conditions in Argentina. Twenty colonies each received two gel packets with formic acid in two applications and numbers of falling mites were registered. After this treatment colonies received two ...
Kusano S - - 2001
We have already reported that white-skinned sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) (WSSP) shows antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats and genetically diabetic models (yellow KK, db/db mice and Zucker fatty rats). In this study, isolation and purification of the antidiabetic component of WSSP were attempted. Almost all antidiabetic ...
Giardina P C - - 2001
To facilitate studies of the molecular determinants of host-meningococcal lipooligosaccharide (endotoxin) interactions at patho-physiologically relevant endotoxin concentrations (i.e. < or =10 ng/ml), we have generated acetate auxotrophs NMBACE1 from encapsulated Neisseria meningitidis (serogroup B, strain NMB) and NMBACE2 from an isogenic bacterial mutant lacking the polysialic acid capsule. Growth of ...
Xu X - - 2000
Two anticoagulants from five-pace snake (Agkistrodon acutus) venom, anticoagulation factor I (ACF I) and anticoagulation factor II (ACF II), have been purified by a multiple-step chromatography procedure of anion-exchange chromatography, gel permeation chromatography and cation-exchange chromatography. Each of them is shown to be homogeneous as judged by PAGE, SDS-PAGE and ...
Higuchi K - - 2000
We have demonstrated previously that there is an abnormal expression of sphingomyelin (SM) deacylase in the epidermis of patients with atopic dermatitis (ADe). In the present study, we have prepared N-[palmitic acid-1-(14)C]SM and N-[palmitic acid-1-(14)C]glucosylceramide (GCer) to use as substrates and have quantified SM deacylase activity by detecting the release ...
Oosterveld A - - 2000
Oxidative cross-linking of three beet pectin extracts with hydrogen peroxide/peroxidase resulted in an increase in viscosity at low concentrations and in the formation of a gel at higher concentrations. Gels were formed using concentrations of 1.5% for an autoclave preparation and one obtained by an acid extraction and of 3% ...
Goins T L - - 2000
Fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis (FACE) is a straightforward, sensitive method for determining the presence and relative abundance of individual oligomannosyl residues in Candida mannoprotein, the major antigenic determinant located on the outer surface of the yeast cell wall. The single terminal aldehydes of oligomannosyl residues released by hydrolysis were tagged with ...
Xu B - - 2000
A cellulase (endo-beta-1,4-D-glucanase, EC 3.2.1.4) from blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) was purified to homogeneity using a combination of acid precipitation, heat precipitation, immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography, size-exclusion chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography. Purity was analyzed by SDS/PAGE, IEF and RP-HPLC. The cellulase (endoglucanase) was characterized with regard to enzymatic properties, ...
Małolepsza-Jarmołowska K - - 2000
Methylcellulose gels comprising lactic acid, similarly to its water solutions, have pH values between 2.0 and 2.6, i.e. out of the physiological range. Addition of Chitosan enables preparation of gels with pH values from 2.2 to 4.9 similar to the natural vagina pH range, 3.8-4.4. The absolute viscosity of the ...
Alderson R F - - 2000
Binding and cross-linking studies with radiolabeled neurotrophins demonstrate that cultured rat hippocampal astrocytes lack full-length TrkB, but do express high levels of truncated TrkB (tTrkB). In astrocytes and Schwann cells, tTrkB appears to have the novel function of mediating the endocytosis of neurotrophins into an acid-stable, Triton X-100 resistant intracellular ...
Higuchi T - - 2000
The urinary bladder is lined by transitional epithelium, the glycocalyx on the luminal surface has interesting properties and is implicated in protective functions. Glycoconjugates are major components of the glycocalyx, but their biochemical nature is not well understood. Previous studies on rabbit bladder indicated the presence of significant levels of ...
Rakwal R - - 2000
An inducible S-adenosyl-L-methionine:naringenin 7-O-methyltransferase (NOMT) catalyzing the methylation of naringenin to sakuranetin, a major rice phytoalexin was purified approximately 985-fold from ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated rice leaves. The enzyme is not found in healthy tissues and was purified to a nearly homogeneous preparation in one step using adenosine-agarose affinity chromatography, with 1 ...
Sue M - - 2000
Cyclic hydroxamic acids and a glucosidase that occur in rye seedlings were investigated. The concentration of the glucoside of 2,4-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIBOA-Glc) in shoots increased soon after germination and decreased to a lower, constant level as the plants started autotrophic growth. Cyclic hydroxamic acid glucoside beta-glucosidase activity also occurred transiently, and ...
Hseu Y C - - 2000
Blackfoot disease (BFD) is a peripheral arterial occlusive disease found among human inhabitants along the southwest coast of Taiwan. Well water used for drinking and cooking contains humic acid (HA), which may be a possible etiological factor. In this study, HA toxicity was investigated in human erythrocytes and was found ...
Hsu A F - - 2000
A novel procedure is described for immobilizing a lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia (PS-30) within a phyllosilicate sol-gel matrix. The method is based on cross-linking a phyllosilicate clay with silicate polymers produced by the controlled hydrolysis of tetramethyl orthosilicate (TMOS). The activity of the phyllosilicate sol-gel-immobilized lipase was dependent upon the ...
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