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Monzo Alex - - 2008
As a continuation of our work on boronic acid lectin affinity chromatography (BLAC), in this paper we introduce an automated affinity micropartitioning approach using combined boronic acid and concanavalin A (BLAC/Con A) resin-filled micropipette tips to isolate and enrich human serum glycoproteins. The N-linked oligosaccharides of the partitioned glycoproteins were ...
Dako Etienne - - 2008
The main autolysin PA49.5, an enzyme that hydrolyzes or destroys the components of a biological endogenous cell or a tissue, was purified 3045 times from the homogenate of a whole cell extract of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 9596 (Mc5), with a recovery yield of 52%. The purification of the ...
Frank Richard A - - 2008
Recent expansion within the oil sands industry of the Athabasca Basin of Alberta, Canada has led to increased concern regarding process-affected wastewaters produced during bitumen extraction. Naphthenic acids (NAs) have been identified as the primary toxic constituents of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) and studies have shown that with time, ...
LeBrun Matthew - - 2008
Detection of the abnormal or the pathogenic form of prion protein (PrP(Sc)) by Western blot (WB) is challenging, especially, for samples derived from cell cultures that contain low levels of PrP(Sc). A variety of PrP(Sc) concentration methods have been reported with various PrP(Sc) recovery efficiencies. Ultracentrifugation is one of the ...
Chen Wei-Jung - - 2008
Bovine pancreatic deoxyribonuclease I (bpDNase I) contains four cysteine residues forming two disulfide bonds. Though there are no free sulfhydryl groups, incubation of bpDNase I with 2-nitro-5-thiosulfobenzoic acid (NTSB) in the presence of Ca(2+) or Mg(2+) at pH 7.5 results in inactivation of the enzyme. Amino acid analysis shows that ...
de Vieira Santos Mariana M - - 2008
An L-amino acid oxidase (BjarLAAO-I) from Bothrops jararaca snake venom was highly purified using a stepwise sequential chromatography on Sephadex G-75, Benzamidine Sepharose and Phenyl Sepharose. Purified BjarLAAO-I showed a molecular weight around 60,000 under reducing conditions and about 125,000 in the native form, when analysed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide ...
Liu Sanly - - 2008
The photocatalytic removal of humic acid (HA) using TiO2 under UVA irradiation was examined by monitoring changes in the UV(254) absorbance, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration, apparent molecular weight distribution, and trihalomethane formation potentials (THMFPs) over treatment time. A resin fractionation technique in which the samples were fractionated into four ...
Ivanov Alexander E - - 2008
Radical copolymerization of acrylamide (Am) (90 mol%) with N-acryloyl-m-aminophenylboronic acid (NAAPBA) (10 mol%) carried out on the surface of glass slides in aqueous solution and in the absence of chemical cross-linkers, resulted in the formation of thin semitransparent gels. The phenylboronic acid (PBA) ligand density was ca. 160 micromol/ml gel. ...
Tamaki Yukihiro - - 2008
A pectin was extracted from the peel of Citrus tankan with a yield of 2.75%. The uronic acid content was 80.0%, and the degree of methoxylation was 63.2%. The pectin was composed of D-GalA, D-Gal, L-Ara and L-Rha in the molar ratio of 100:11.3:3.6:2.6. The molecular weight was estimated to ...
Nakajima Kohei - - 2008
Ossein gelatin (OG) and low-molecular-weight ossein gelatin (LOG) were conjugated with a glucose/fructose stearic acid monoester (GE/FE), which had been prepared from the hydrolysate of a sucrose stearic acid diester, by the Maillard reaction to improve their physical properties. The molar ratio of each conjugate (GE/FE-OG or GE/FE-LOG) was about ...
Bai Pengli - - 2008
Chitosan (CS) gel beads were prepared by using phase inversion and precipitation technique. The gel beads could bind copper (II), by which Cu (II) ion-immobilized chitosan gel beads (CS-Cu2+ gel beads) were prepared, and the amount of the immobilized Cu (II) was about 35 mg/g when the CS gel beads ...
Poinsot Véréna - - 2008
This paper describes a number of articles that have been published on amino acid (AA) analysis using CE during the period from June 2005 to May 2007. This review article follows the format of the previous articles of Smith (Electrophoresis 1999, 20, 3078-3083), Prata et al.. (Electrophoresis 2001, 22, 4129-4138), ...
Gyenes Tamás - - 2008
Chemically cross-linked poly(aspartic acid) (PASP) gels were prepared by the hydrolysis of poly(succinimide) (PSI). The latter was prepared by thermal polycondensation of aspartic acid. The PSI chains were cross-linked by natural amines and amino acid derivatives such as putrescin, spermine, spermidine, lysine and cystamine to obtain biodegradable, biocompatible, amino acid-based ...
Haddad Namir I A - - 2008
Natural surfactin is a mixture of cyclic lipopeptides built from variants of a heptapeptide and a beta-hydroxy fatty acid. A biosurfactant-producing strain, Bacillus subtilis HSO121, was isolated from the production water of an oil field. The strain was able to produce eight surfactin isoforms which have been isolated by acid-precipitation ...
Nozaki Kouichi - - 2008
The decolorization of industrial dyes was investigated using extracellular enzymes produced by 21 basidiomycetes, mainly edible mushrooms. Among the 27 dyes used in this study, nine were decolorized by over 40%. Most fungi decolorized Acid Orange 20, but they showed different specificities in the case of the other dyes. Determination ...
Bansal A K - - 2008
Numerous factors influence male fertility, one of these being the oxidative stress, which has elicited enormous interest recently. In sperm, induction of oxidation decreases motility and viability but increases lipid peroxidation (LPO). The optimum dose of ferrous ascorbate (FeAA: FeSO4 + ascorbic acid) for inducing oxidative stress by affecting motility, ...
Panchal Manoj - - 2008
A standard protocol for isolation of buffalo prolactin (buPRL) was modified at the alcohol precipitation step. This modification could separate lower molecular weight prolactin from the higher molecular weight prolactin (PRL). Reloading the prolactin onto a Sephacryl S-200 gel purified the buPRL monomer. The purity of buPRL monomer was confirmed ...
Song Liyan - - 2008
Two purified proteins G-6 and G-4-2 were obtained from Arca subcrenata Lischke using the homogenization, salting-out with ammonium sulfate, ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography techniques. The purity of G-6 and G-4-2 was over 96%, as measured by RP-HPLC. G-6 and G-4-2 were measured by SDS-PAGE and IEF-PAGE to have ...
Dodd David W - - 2007
A flexible and convenient protocol for the analysis and purification of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligomers and PNA-peptide chimeras by denaturing PAGE is described. Vertical slab gel electrophoresis, 26% in polyacrylamide and 8 M urea at pH 3, was suitable for analysis of oligomers ranging in size from tetramers (4-mers) ...
Zhou Jin-Lan - - 2007
Chiral calix[4]arenes bearing long tertiary alkyl groups at the upper rim and S-1-phenylethylamine groups at the lower rim can form heat-set gels and egg-like vesicles enantioselectively with d-2,3-dibenzoyltartaric acid in cyclohexane, which is the first example of heat-set gels resulting from difference in interactions between two component gelators: in addition, ...
Monzo Alex - - 2007
We introduce a novel combination of boronic acid affinity chromatography with lectin affinity chromatography, dubbed as boronic acid-lectin affinity chromatography (BLAC). Concanavalin A and wheat germ agglutinin lectins were mixed with the pesudo-lectin boronic acid to form the BLAC affinity column and their performance was evaluated with standard glycoproteins. Optimization ...
Fonseca Fátima - - 2007
The carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase SFC-1 from Serratia fonticola UTAD54 was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized. The enzyme exhibited an apparent molecular mass of 30.5 kDa, determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. SFC-1 hydrolyzes penicillins, cephalosporins, aztreonam, and carbapenems and is inhibited by clavulanic acid, sulbactam, and tazobactam.
Kato Kazuaki - - 2007
Gel particles obtained from polyethylenimine (PEI) cross-linked with 10% ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether show considerable selectivity in size changes if exposed to solutions of different effector compounds. Monocarboxylic acids induce contractions of, e.g., -9% for benzoate and -40% for 2-naphthoate (all values in one dimension such as length). With diacids, ...
Baboota Sanjula - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of nanoemulsion formulations for transdermal delivery of celecoxib (CXB). The in vitro skin permeation profile of optimized formulations was compared with CXB gel and nanoemulsion gel. Significant increase in the steady state flux (Jss), permeability coefficient (Kp) and enhancement ...
Ho Kuo-Ling - - 2008
A biofilter inoculated with Arthrobacter sp. was applied to the simultaneous elimination of trimethylamine (TMA) and ammonia (NH3) from the exhaust air of swine waste storage pits. The results showed that the biofilter achieved average removal efficiencies of 96.8+/-2.5% and 97.2+/-2.3% for TMA and NH3, respectively. A near-neutral pH (7.3-7.4) ...
Gelesky Marcos A - - 2007
Rh(0) nanoparticles (ca. 4 nm) dispersed in an ionic liquid (1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate) were immobilized within a silica network, prepared by the sol-gel method. The effect of the sol-gel catalyst (acid or base) on the encapsulated ionic liquid and Rh(0) content, on the silica morphology and texture, and on the catalyst ...
Zhao Ping - - 2007
Hemolymph chymotrypsin inhibitor 9 (CI-9) from the hemolymph of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, Butyl Toyopearl hydrophobic chromatography, gel filtration through Sephadex C-50 and chymotrypsin-sepharose 4B affinity chromatography. Checked by Native PAGE and SDS-PAGE in combination with silver staining, the final preparation appeared homogeneous. In ...
Martineau L - - 2007
AIMS: To compare the ability of an amorphous first aid topical gel containing vinegar, citric acid and EDTA (RescuDerm(TM); RESC) and various derivative formulations to eradicate Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PSEUD) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (STAPH) biofilms. METHODS AND RESULTS: 24-h biofilms prepared using the Minimum Biofilm Elimination Concentration (MBEC) Assay System were ...
Sato Katsujiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although combined use of tretinoin (all-trans-retinoic acid; atRA) and hydroquinone improves various hyperpigmented lesions, the pharmacologic instability of atRA and atRA-induced irritant dermatitis are difficult unsolved problems. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of a newly formulated gel containing inorganic-coated atRA nanoscale particles (nano-atRA ...
Castro Rosario - - 2008
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a conspicuous enzyme in neutrophils of many fish species. Although the MPO gene has been identified in some fish species, the structure and functions of the protein remain to be determined in these vertebrates. In the present study, we isolated turbot neutrophil MPO from kidney cells by ...
Marie Benjamin - - 2007
Among molluscs, the shell biomineralization process is controlled by a set of extracellular macromolecular components secreted by the calcifying mantle. In spite of several studies, these components are mainly known in bivalves from only few members of pteriomorph groups. In the present case, we investigated the biochemical properties of the ...
de Castro França Suzelei - - 2007
A dialyzable low molecular weight proinflammatory factor (X (2)) from rat spleen lymphocytes was isolated through a combination of gel filtration and high voltage paper electrophoresis (HVE) and then partially characterized. It was able to potentiate the formation of carrageenin induced edema on the rat paw. Its amino acid analysis ...
Gupta Aditya K - - 2007
In December of 2002, the FDA approved azelaic acid 15% gel for the topical treatment of inflammatory papules and pustules of mild to moderate rosacea. Azelaic acid is a saturated dicarboxylic acid, which is naturally occurring and has been used in the treatment of rosacea, acne, and melasma. The 15% ...
Puverel S - - 2007
Biominerals contain both inorganic and organic components. Organic components are collectively termed the organic matrix, and this matrix has been reported to play a crucial role in mineralization. Several matrix proteins have been characterized in vertebrates, but only a few in invertebrates, primarily in Molluscs and Echinoderms. Methods classically used ...
Colón Luz E - - 2007
Topical therapy for rosacea aims to reduce inflammatory lesions and decrease erythema but can carry side effects such as stinging, pruritus, and burning. Metronidazole and azelaic acid gel 15% are U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved for the treatment of rosacea. The current study was conducted to assess the cumulative irritation ...
Nakano Takuo - - 2007
A 64 amino acid residue sialylated phosphorylated glycomacropeptide (GMP) from bovine sweet whey can be detected as a Coomassie blue-staining peptide by electrophoresis on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gels. There is, however, limited information available concerning detection of GMP as a sialylated phosphorylated compound. Samples of GMP were electrophoresed on ...
Iraji Fariba - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Twenty percent azelaic acid gel is recommended as a topical treatment for acne due to its favorable profile. AIM: Our objective in this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 20% azelaic acid gel in the treatment of mild to moderate acne vulgaris. METHODS: This was a double blind, ...
Berti Cristiana - - 2007
The effects of chemical (acid-heating treatment) and enzymatic (microbial transglutaminase, TGase) modification (deamidation) of gluten proteins on their physicochemical and celiac disease-related properties were studied. Ammonia release, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and sample solubility analyses were employed to check the extent of gluten modification. Among different treatments achieved, the ...
Bekedam E Koen - - 2007
The charge properties of melanoidins in high molecular weight (HMw) coffee brew fractions, isolated by diafiltration and membrane dialysis, were studied. Ion exchange chromatography experiments with the HMw fractions showed that coffee brew melanoidins were negatively charged whereas these molecules did not expose any positive charge at the pH of ...
Dong Rui - - 2007
Agarose hydrogels of varied elastic modulus can be patterned into 100-microm-wide channels with wall heights of 60 microm. After modifying the hydrogels with chloroacetic acid (acid gels), they are amenable to modification with amine-containing ligands using EDC-NHS chemistry. Using both rheometry and atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanoindentation measurements, the elastic ...
Zhang W - - 2007
PVA-gel beads were used as a biocarrier for treatment of corn steep liquor wastewater containing high levels of volatile fatty acids (VFA), where retention of biomass could be either solely in the porous microstructure of the gel or by granule formation using a gel bead as a nucleus. With stable ...
Shah Ankur J - - 2007
The purpose of these studies was to identify the rheologic properties of polyacrylic acid gels necessary for optimal reductions in mucociliary clearance. The mucociliary transport of 2 bioadhesive polyacrylic acid polymers, polycarbophil and carbopol, was assessed in vitro by measuring their clearance rates across explants of ciliated bovine tracheal tissue. ...
Deepak Shantharaj - - 2007
Hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs) are important plant cell wall structural components, which are also involved in response to pathogen attack. In pearl millet, deposition and cross-linking of HRGPs in plant cell walls was shown to contribute to the formation of resistance barriers against the phytopathogenic oomycete Sclerospora graminicola. In the present ...
Zhang Ting - - 2007
Bagasse was liquefied in ethylene glycol (EG) catalyzed by sulfuric acid at 190 degrees C under atmospheric pressure. The compositions of the crude products obtained were analyzed after separating them into three fractions: a water-soluble fraction, an acetone-soluble fraction and a residue. With infrared, gel permeation chromatography and elemental analyses, ...
Sharma G - - 2007
Ellagic acid (EA) is a potent antioxidant marketed as a nutritional supplement. Its pharmacological activity has been reported in wide variety of disease models; however its use has been limited owing to its poor biopharmaceutical properties, thereby poor bioavailability. The objective of the current study was to develop chitosan-glycerol phosphate ...
McDonald Suzanne - - 2007
Fulvic acids from an Australian floodplain river and billabong were isolated using DEAE and DAX-8 resins, and characterised with the use of size exclusion chromatography and solid-state CP-MAS (13)C NMR spectroscopy. Differences between the two resin isolates were evident. Fulvic acids isolated using DEAE-cellulose had higher apparent M(n) and M(w) ...
Nam Kwangwoo - - 2007
2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-immobilized collagen gel was developed. Using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl)-1-carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), we cross-linked a collagen film in 2-morpholinoethane sulfonic acid (MES) buffer (EN gel). EN gel was prepared under both pH 4.5 and pH 9.0 in order to observe changes in cross-linking ability. To cross-link MPC ...
George Mathew - - 2006
The properties of thermally reversible organogels in which the gelators consist of a phosphonic acid monoester, phosphonic acid, or phosphoric acid monoester and a ferric salt are probed by IR and NMR spectroscopies, optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, rheology, and light and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) techniques. This is one of ...
Li Yuangang - - 2006
A series of low molecular weight organic gelator (LMOG) gel systems sensitive to alkaline/acidic stimuli was established by employing amino acid derivatives of cholesterol as "latent" gelators, which are cholesteryl glycinate (1), cholesteryl L-alaninate, cholesteryl D-alaninate, cholesteryl L-phenyl alaninate, and cholesteryl D-phenyl alaninate. The hydrochloric salts are denoted as 2, ...
Sriamornsak Pornsak - - 2006
Calcium alginate gel-coated pellets were developed by forming an insoluble gel coat on extruded-spheronized pellets by interfacial complexation. Experiments were designed to investigate the effect of pellet size, alginate type, alginate concentration, and dissolution medium on swelling and drug release behavior. Low swelling in acidic media was related to proton-calcium ...
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