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Results 201 - 250 of 1932
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Hmidet Noomen - - 2010
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus mojavensis A21 (BMA.2) was purified to homogeneity by ultrafiltration, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and Sepharose mono Q anion exchange chromatography, with a 15.3-fold increase in specific activity and 11% recovery. The molecular weight of the BMA.2 enzyme was estimated to be 58 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide ...
Poinsot V?r?na - - 2010
This article describes the most important articles that have been published on amino acid analysis using CE during the period from June 2007 to May 2009. It follows the format of the previous articles of Smith [Electrophoresis 1999, 20, 3078-3083], Prata et al. [Electrophoresis 2001, 22, 4129-4138] and Poinsot et ...
Asano Minao - - 2010
A novel enzyme that catalyzes the efficient hydrolysis of Glu-Glu was isolated from soybean cotyledons by ammonium sulfate fractionation and successive column chromatographies of Q-sepharose, Phenyl sepharose, and Superdex 200. The apparent molecular mass of this enzyme was found to be 56 kDa and 510 kDa by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ...
Zhang Junhua - - 2010
There is a commercial need to increase the amount of industrial produced lignin. An 86.24 wt.% formic acid solution with 0.2M H(2)SO(4) as the catalyst was used to isolate the lignin of dewaxed wheat straw at different residence times and reaction temperatures. Lignin was extracted and purified separately from hydrolysates ...
Frkanec Leo - - 2010
Bis(amino acid)- and bis(amino alcohol)oxalamide gelators represent the class of versatile gelators whose gelation ability is a consequence of strong and directional intermolecular hydrogen bonding provided by oxalamide units and lack of molecular symmetry due to the presence of two chiral centres. Bis(amino acid)oxalamides exhibit ambidextrous gelation properties, being capable ...
Mauriz Aida - - 2010
The king scallop Pecten maximus accumulates domoic acid, the main amnesic shellfish poisoning toxin, in the digestive gland for a long time. To try to find if the cause of this characteristic is the binding of the toxin to some cellular component, the subcellular distribution of domoic acid in the ...
Jang Ming-Kyung - - 2009
Whitening effect, tyrosinase inhibitions, and cytotoxicity of neoagarotetraose were measured after purification from hydrolyzed agar by gel filtration chromatography. In melanoma B16F10 cells, melanin content of neoagarotetraose-treated cells was as same as that treated by kojic acid or arbutin. In addition, tyrosinase of melanoma cells was strongly inhibited by neoagarotetraose ...
Choi Nack-Shick - - 2010
A new zymography for detecting nisin-like acidic bacteriocins was developed using a tricine-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel and an acidic gel matrix (pH 4.0). After electrophoresis, proteins in the tricine gel were electrotransferred to an optimal pH-conditioned gel matrix (OP-CGM). The OP-CGM was overlaid with indicator cells (Bacillus cereus) embedded ...
Nair Prashant - - 2009
A prospective study was done to access the efficacy of ceruminolytic agents, i.e 2% paradichlorobenzene, 10% sodium bicarbonate, 2.5% acetic acid and normal saline. All score 4 hard impacted ear wax cases in the adult population (>20 years) were accrued for the assessment of the relative efficacy. Upon analyzing the ...
Suzuki Masahiro - - 2009
A two-component organogelation system, consisting of Nepsilon-dodecyl-L-lysine esters (amine components) and N-dodecyl-L-amino acids (valine, phenylalanine, alanine, glycine, L-lysine) as acid components, was proposed, and its organogelation properties were investigated. The mixture of amine and acid components produced an organic salt compound through acid-base interactions, and it created a three-dimensional network ...
Mallia V Ajay - - 2009
Thirteen members of a new class of low molecular-mass organogelators (LMOGs), amides, and amines based on (R)-12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA; i.e., (R)-12-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid) and the properties of their gels have been investigated by a variety of structural and thermal techniques. The abilities of these LMOGs, molecules with primary and secondary amide ...
Bag Braja G - - 2009
Nine esters of a naturally occurring triterpenoid, arjunolic acid (from Terminalia arjuna), with alkyl chains have been synthesized, and their self-assembly has been studied in organic liquids. All of the esters examined were found to be excellent gelators. No birefringence was detected in optical micrographs of the transparent toluene gels ...
Das Dharani D - - 2009
Our earlier investigations on the chemical composition of biooils derived by the fast pyrolysis of chicken manure revealed the presence of more than 500 compounds. In order to simplify this heterogeneous and complex chemical system, we produced four biooil fractions namely strongly acidic fraction A, weakly acidic fraction B, basic ...
Marie Benjamin - - 2009
In mollusks, one of the most widely studied shell textures is nacre, the lustrous aragonitic layer that constitutes the internal components of the shells of several bivalves, a few gastropods,and one cephalopod: the nautilus. Nacre contains a minor organic fraction, which displays a wide range of functions in relation to ...
Mumper Russell J - - 2009
SPL7013 is the sodium salt of a sulfonated dendrimer that has potent antiviral properties. VivaGel, a topical gel containing 3% (wt/wt) SPL7013, is in development as a vaginal microbicide. BufferGel is a Carbopol-based acidic buffering gel that enhances the natural protective action of the vagina to produce a broad-spectrum microbicidal ...
Hirano Ken - - 2009
We describe a new glycerol-tolerant sodium taurine (ST) medium for rapid sequencing gel electrophoresis by substituting the standard conductive media of Tris-boric acid-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (TBE) and Tris-taurine-EDTA (TTE) and other low-ionic-strength media of sodium boric acid (SB). Low-ionic-strength and cost-effective ST media gave glycerol tolerance up to 50% (v/v) ...
Singh S - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the in vitro and in vivo transdermal potential of bioadhesive gels of ketoprofen by using gelling polymers like sodium carboxymethylcellulose, xanthan gum, poloxamer 407 and carbopol 934P as bioadhesive polymer with and without penetration enhancer (oleic acid). The effect of ...
Gomez César G - - 2009
In this work, three methods (ethanol, HCl, and CaCl(2) routes) of sodium alginate extraction-purification from brown seaweeds (Macrocystis pyrifera) were used in order to study the influence of process conditions on final properties of the polymer. In the CaCl(2) route, was found that the precipitation step in presence of calcium ...
Pangsomboon K - - 2009
AIMS: Purification, identification and partial characterization of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus paracasei HL32. It has been shown to have activity against Porphyromonas sp. METHODS AND RESULTS: The purification of bacteriocin consisting of gel exclusion followed by anion exchange chromatography produced a single band upon an electrophoresis gel with a molecular ...
Campese Melanie - - 2009
Saliva plays a critical role in the protection of oral hard and soft tissues and contains a multitude of constituents with well-characterized biological activities in vitro. Among these are histatins and acidic proline-rich proteins (PRPs). Nevertheless, few functional studies have recognized the structural instability of these proteins in the proteolytic ...
Biswas Biplob Kumar - - 2009
Ashes from sewage sludge incineration have a high phosphorus content, approximately 8% (W/W), which indicates a potential resource of the limiting nutrient. Incineration of sewage sludge with subsequent recovery of phosphorus is a relatively new sludge treatment technique. In this article, the leaching of phosphorus by using sulfuric acid as ...
Gan Chee-Yuen - - 2009
Cross-linked soy protein isolate (SPI) gels were produced via single-treatment of SPI with microbial transglutaminase (MTG) for 5 h or 24 h, or with ribose for 2 h, or via combined-treatments of SPI with MTG followed by heating with ribose. Assessment of gel strength and solubility concluded that measures which ...
Wang Liying - - 2009
With XAD-series and ion exchange resins, dissolved organic matter (DOM) from Lake Hongfeng in Southwestern China Plateau was isolated into 6 fractions, i.e., humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), hydrophobic neutrals (HON), hydrophilic acids (HIA), hydrophilic bases (HIB) and hydrophilic neutrals (HIN). Those fractions were characterized by high performance size ...
Dhiman Munish Kumar - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of permeation enhancers on the transbuccal delivery of 5-fluorouracil (FU). The effect of permeation enhancers on in vitro buccal permeability was assessed using sodium deoxycholate (SDC), sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), sodium tauroglycocholate (STGC), and oleic acid and their concentrations for ...
Ahmad Farhan Jalees - - 2008
An acid buffering bioadhesive vaginal (ABBV) gel was developed for the treatment of mixed vaginal infections. Different bioadhesive polymers were evaluated on the basis of their bioadhesive strength, stability and drug release properties. Bioadhesion and release studies showed that guar gum, xanthan gum and hydroxypropyl methylcelullose K4M formed a good ...
Jackson Thomas R - - 2008
The incorporation of specialised carbohydrate affinity ligand methacrylamido phenylboronic acid in polyacrylamide gels for fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis greatly improved the effective separation of saccharides that show similar mobilities in standard electrophoresis. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using methacrylamido phenylboronic acid in low loading (typically 0.5-1% dry weight) was unequivocally shown to alter ...
Vijayendra S V N - - 2009
A new acid stable exo-beta-1,3-glucanase of Rhizoctonia solani purified from a commercial source 'Kitarase-M', by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange and gel filtration methods, had specific activity of 0.26 U/mg protein, Km and Vmax values of 0.78 mg/ml and 0.27 mM/min/mg protein, respectively. It had molecular weight of ...
Miller Ewa - - 2009
The main aim of this research was to select a silane gel with appropriate composition containing fluorophore immobilized in it, in view of application of this carrier in the construction of a fluorescence optical sensor. Results of stationary fluorescence studies on gelation of silane gel with different composition, obtained as ...
Tang Shouwan - - 2008
Cellulose 3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate was successfully immobilized onto bare silica gel for HPLC through the intermolecular polycondensation of triethoxysilyl groups, which were introduced onto the cellulose derivative via epoxide ring-opening reaction under acidic conditions. The immobilized-type chiral packing material (CPM) exhibited high chiral recognition ability and could be used with various eluents, ...
Hanna Bassam E - - 2008
To demonstrate the possible effect of smoking on serum uric acid. Subjects enrolled in study were divided into two groups; nonsmokers and smokers, each with 60 male volunteers of the same social class and dietary habit without history of alcohol consumption, diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia and gout, renal, joint, lung or ...
Mizrahi Shaul - - 2008
Chiral electroseparation is demonstrated, for the first time, by a low molecular weight organogel filled capillary. Five pairs of dansylated amino acids were separated by copper ligand exchange on a trans-(1S,2S)-1,2-bis-(dodecylamido) cyclohexane (1) gel in methanol. Low molecular weight organogels are emerging materials that form stable, fibrillar, thermoreversible and thixotropic ...
Monzo Alex - - 2008
As a continuation of our work on boronic acid lectin affinity chromatography (BLAC), in this paper we introduce an automated affinity micropartitioning approach using combined boronic acid and concanavalin A (BLAC/Con A) resin-filled micropipette tips to isolate and enrich human serum glycoproteins. The N-linked oligosaccharides of the partitioned glycoproteins were ...
Dako Etienne - - 2008
The main autolysin PA49.5, an enzyme that hydrolyzes or destroys the components of a biological endogenous cell or a tissue, was purified 3045 times from the homogenate of a whole cell extract of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 9596 (Mc5), with a recovery yield of 52%. The purification of the ...
Frank Richard A - - 2008
Recent expansion within the oil sands industry of the Athabasca Basin of Alberta, Canada has led to increased concern regarding process-affected wastewaters produced during bitumen extraction. Naphthenic acids (NAs) have been identified as the primary toxic constituents of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) and studies have shown that with time, ...
LeBrun Matthew - - 2008
Detection of the abnormal or the pathogenic form of prion protein (PrP(Sc)) by Western blot (WB) is challenging, especially, for samples derived from cell cultures that contain low levels of PrP(Sc). A variety of PrP(Sc) concentration methods have been reported with various PrP(Sc) recovery efficiencies. Ultracentrifugation is one of the ...
Chen Wei-Jung - - 2008
Bovine pancreatic deoxyribonuclease I (bpDNase I) contains four cysteine residues forming two disulfide bonds. Though there are no free sulfhydryl groups, incubation of bpDNase I with 2-nitro-5-thiosulfobenzoic acid (NTSB) in the presence of Ca(2+) or Mg(2+) at pH 7.5 results in inactivation of the enzyme. Amino acid analysis shows that ...
de Vieira Santos Mariana M - - 2008
An L-amino acid oxidase (BjarLAAO-I) from Bothrops jararaca snake venom was highly purified using a stepwise sequential chromatography on Sephadex G-75, Benzamidine Sepharose and Phenyl Sepharose. Purified BjarLAAO-I showed a molecular weight around 60,000 under reducing conditions and about 125,000 in the native form, when analysed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide ...
Liu Sanly - - 2008
The photocatalytic removal of humic acid (HA) using TiO2 under UVA irradiation was examined by monitoring changes in the UV(254) absorbance, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration, apparent molecular weight distribution, and trihalomethane formation potentials (THMFPs) over treatment time. A resin fractionation technique in which the samples were fractionated into four ...
Ivanov Alexander E - - 2008
Radical copolymerization of acrylamide (Am) (90 mol%) with N-acryloyl-m-aminophenylboronic acid (NAAPBA) (10 mol%) carried out on the surface of glass slides in aqueous solution and in the absence of chemical cross-linkers, resulted in the formation of thin semitransparent gels. The phenylboronic acid (PBA) ligand density was ca. 160 micromol/ml gel. ...
Tamaki Yukihiro - - 2008
A pectin was extracted from the peel of Citrus tankan with a yield of 2.75%. The uronic acid content was 80.0%, and the degree of methoxylation was 63.2%. The pectin was composed of D-GalA, D-Gal, L-Ara and L-Rha in the molar ratio of 100:11.3:3.6:2.6. The molecular weight was estimated to ...
Nakajima Kohei - - 2008
Ossein gelatin (OG) and low-molecular-weight ossein gelatin (LOG) were conjugated with a glucose/fructose stearic acid monoester (GE/FE), which had been prepared from the hydrolysate of a sucrose stearic acid diester, by the Maillard reaction to improve their physical properties. The molar ratio of each conjugate (GE/FE-OG or GE/FE-LOG) was about ...
Bai Pengli - - 2008
Chitosan (CS) gel beads were prepared by using phase inversion and precipitation technique. The gel beads could bind copper (II), by which Cu (II) ion-immobilized chitosan gel beads (CS-Cu2+ gel beads) were prepared, and the amount of the immobilized Cu (II) was about 35 mg/g when the CS gel beads ...
Poinsot Véréna - - 2008
This paper describes a number of articles that have been published on amino acid (AA) analysis using CE during the period from June 2005 to May 2007. This review article follows the format of the previous articles of Smith (Electrophoresis 1999, 20, 3078-3083), Prata et al.. (Electrophoresis 2001, 22, 4129-4138), ...
Gyenes Tamás - - 2008
Chemically cross-linked poly(aspartic acid) (PASP) gels were prepared by the hydrolysis of poly(succinimide) (PSI). The latter was prepared by thermal polycondensation of aspartic acid. The PSI chains were cross-linked by natural amines and amino acid derivatives such as putrescin, spermine, spermidine, lysine and cystamine to obtain biodegradable, biocompatible, amino acid-based ...
Haddad Namir I A - - 2008
Natural surfactin is a mixture of cyclic lipopeptides built from variants of a heptapeptide and a beta-hydroxy fatty acid. A biosurfactant-producing strain, Bacillus subtilis HSO121, was isolated from the production water of an oil field. The strain was able to produce eight surfactin isoforms which have been isolated by acid-precipitation ...
Nozaki Kouichi - - 2008
The decolorization of industrial dyes was investigated using extracellular enzymes produced by 21 basidiomycetes, mainly edible mushrooms. Among the 27 dyes used in this study, nine were decolorized by over 40%. Most fungi decolorized Acid Orange 20, but they showed different specificities in the case of the other dyes. Determination ...
Bansal A K - - 2008
Numerous factors influence male fertility, one of these being the oxidative stress, which has elicited enormous interest recently. In sperm, induction of oxidation decreases motility and viability but increases lipid peroxidation (LPO). The optimum dose of ferrous ascorbate (FeAA: FeSO4 + ascorbic acid) for inducing oxidative stress by affecting motility, ...
Panchal Manoj - - 2008
A standard protocol for isolation of buffalo prolactin (buPRL) was modified at the alcohol precipitation step. This modification could separate lower molecular weight prolactin from the higher molecular weight prolactin (PRL). Reloading the prolactin onto a Sephacryl S-200 gel purified the buPRL monomer. The purity of buPRL monomer was confirmed ...
Song Liyan - - 2008
Two purified proteins G-6 and G-4-2 were obtained from Arca subcrenata Lischke using the homogenization, salting-out with ammonium sulfate, ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography techniques. The purity of G-6 and G-4-2 was over 96%, as measured by RP-HPLC. G-6 and G-4-2 were measured by SDS-PAGE and IEF-PAGE to have ...
Dodd David W - - 2007
A flexible and convenient protocol for the analysis and purification of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) oligomers and PNA-peptide chimeras by denaturing PAGE is described. Vertical slab gel electrophoresis, 26% in polyacrylamide and 8 M urea at pH 3, was suitable for analysis of oligomers ranging in size from tetramers (4-mers) ...
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