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Results 201 - 250 of 1946
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Kakutani Saki - - 2011
The importance of arachidonic acid (ARA) among the elderly has recently gained increased attention. The effects of ARA supplementation in the elderly are not fully understood, although ARA is considered to be associated with various diseases. We investigate whether ARA supplementation to Japanese elderly subjects affects clinical parameters involved in ...
Karakatsani Marianthi - - 2010
The objective of this study was to characterize the release of Diltiazem HCl (DTM HCl) from hydroxypropyl methylcellulose gels containing the following permeation enhancers at a 0.5% (w/w): sodium lauryl sulfate, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), polysorbate 80, propylene glycol, N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP), fatty acids (oleic acid, caprylic acid, and myristic acid), and ...
Cha Minseok - - 2011
A mesophilic bacterium capable of utilizing acrylamide was isolated, AUM-01, from soil collected from leaf litter at Picnic Point on the UW-Madison campus. In minimal medium with acrylamide as the sole carbon and nitrogen source, a batch culture of AUM-01 completely converted 28.0 mM acrylamide to acrylic acid in 8 h and ...
Sen Murat - - 2011
In this study, the effects of the molecular weight and ratio of guluronic acid (G) to mannuronic acid (M), G/M, of some sodium alginate (NaAlg) fractions on their antioxidative properties were investigated. Low-molecular-weight-fractions with various G/M were prepared by gamma radiation-induced degradation of NaAlg. Change in their molecular weight was ...
Lagadec Cecile - - 2011
We report a synthetically simple approach to effective and tunable low molecular weight gelators based on amine-initiated oligomerisation of an amino acid N-carboxyanhydride.
Bevilacqua Antonio - - 2010
This study reports on the investigation on the effects of the conditions used throughout the step of biomass production on the survival of Lactobacillus plantarum loaded into alginate gels. L. plantarum was grown under different conditions (MRS or a laboratory medium-LB(2)-at acidic or alkaline pHs, with NaCl, phenols, vitamins or ...
van der Veeken Pascal L R - - 2010
Gel layer based sensors are increasingly employed for dynamic trace metal speciation analysis in aquatic and soil media. In DGT (Diffusive Gradient in Thin film), polyacrylamide hydrogels are commonly used for the diffusive gel layer. While some effects of humic and fulvic acids on the DGT detection of metal species ...
De Pablos Luis Miguel - - 2010
We propose maslinic acid (2-alpha, 3-beta-dihydroxiolean-12-en-28-oic acid), found in the leaves and fruit of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.), as a new natural coccidiostatic product against Eimeria tenella. Its action in infected animals has been compared with animals treated with sodium salinomycin. The lesion index (LS), the oocyst index ...
Hubbell Christopher A - - 2010
Two types of pure cellulose, Avicel PH-101 and Whatman filter paper, were treated with an acid-chlorite delignification procedure in the presence of varying amounts of incorporated lignin, and the molecular weight distributions and degrees of polymerization (DP) of derivatized cellulose were determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Avicel samples with ...
Kim Yoon Kyung - - 2010
One of the fundamental challenges in studying biomacromolecules (e.g. nucleic acids and proteins) and their complexes in a biological system is isolating them in their structurally and functionally intact forms. Electrophoresis offers convenient and efficient separation and analysis of biomacromolecules but recovery of separated biomacromolecules is a significant challenge. In ...
Suksrichavalit Thummaruk - - 2010
In this paper, we present a new modular approach to immobilize boronic acid ligands that can offer effective separation of glycoproteins. A new "clickable" boronic acid ligand was synthesized by introducing a terminal acetylene group into commercially available 3-aminophenyl boronic acid. The clickable ligand, 3-(prop-2-ynyloxycarbonylamino)phenylboronic acid (2) could be easily ...
Tabarestani H Shahiri - - 2010
Physico-chemical properties of gelatin extracted from rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss) skin were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). Central rotatable composite design was applied to study the combined effects of NaOH concentration (0.01-0.21 N), acetic acid concentration (0.01-0.21 N) and pre-treatment time (1-3h) on yield, molecular weight distribution, gel strength, ...
Furuhashi Takeshi - - 2010
Acidic macromolecules, as a nucleation factor for mollusc shell formation, are a major focus of research. It remains unclear, however, whether acidic macromolecules are present only in calcified shell organic matrices, and which acidic macromolecules are crucial for the nucleation process by binding to chitin as structural components. To clarify ...
Sol?s de los Santos Fausto - - 2010
Campylobacter is a leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States, and epidemiological evidence indicates poultry products to be a significant source of human Campylobacter infections. Caprylic acid, an eight-carbon medium-chain fatty acid, reduces Campylobacter colonization in chickens. How caprylic acid reduces Campylobacter carriage may be related to changes ...
Hmidet Noomen - - 2010
alpha-Amylase from Bacillus mojavensis A21 (BMA.2) was purified to homogeneity by ultrafiltration, Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and Sepharose mono Q anion exchange chromatography, with a 15.3-fold increase in specific activity and 11% recovery. The molecular weight of the BMA.2 enzyme was estimated to be 58 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide ...
Poinsot V?r?na - - 2010
This article describes the most important articles that have been published on amino acid analysis using CE during the period from June 2007 to May 2009. It follows the format of the previous articles of Smith [Electrophoresis 1999, 20, 3078-3083], Prata et al. [Electrophoresis 2001, 22, 4129-4138] and Poinsot et ...
Asano Minao - - 2010
A novel enzyme that catalyzes the efficient hydrolysis of Glu-Glu was isolated from soybean cotyledons by ammonium sulfate fractionation and successive column chromatographies of Q-sepharose, Phenyl sepharose, and Superdex 200. The apparent molecular mass of this enzyme was found to be 56 kDa and 510 kDa by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ...
Zhang Junhua - - 2010
There is a commercial need to increase the amount of industrial produced lignin. An 86.24 wt.% formic acid solution with 0.2M H(2)SO(4) as the catalyst was used to isolate the lignin of dewaxed wheat straw at different residence times and reaction temperatures. Lignin was extracted and purified separately from hydrolysates ...
Frkanec Leo - - 2010
Bis(amino acid)- and bis(amino alcohol)oxalamide gelators represent the class of versatile gelators whose gelation ability is a consequence of strong and directional intermolecular hydrogen bonding provided by oxalamide units and lack of molecular symmetry due to the presence of two chiral centres. Bis(amino acid)oxalamides exhibit ambidextrous gelation properties, being capable ...
Mauriz Aida - - 2010
The king scallop Pecten maximus accumulates domoic acid, the main amnesic shellfish poisoning toxin, in the digestive gland for a long time. To try to find if the cause of this characteristic is the binding of the toxin to some cellular component, the subcellular distribution of domoic acid in the ...
Jang Ming-Kyung - - 2009
Whitening effect, tyrosinase inhibitions, and cytotoxicity of neoagarotetraose were measured after purification from hydrolyzed agar by gel filtration chromatography. In melanoma B16F10 cells, melanin content of neoagarotetraose-treated cells was as same as that treated by kojic acid or arbutin. In addition, tyrosinase of melanoma cells was strongly inhibited by neoagarotetraose ...
Choi Nack-Shick - - 2010
A new zymography for detecting nisin-like acidic bacteriocins was developed using a tricine-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gel and an acidic gel matrix (pH 4.0). After electrophoresis, proteins in the tricine gel were electrotransferred to an optimal pH-conditioned gel matrix (OP-CGM). The OP-CGM was overlaid with indicator cells (Bacillus cereus) embedded ...
Nair Prashant - - 2009
A prospective study was done to access the efficacy of ceruminolytic agents, i.e 2% paradichlorobenzene, 10% sodium bicarbonate, 2.5% acetic acid and normal saline. All score 4 hard impacted ear wax cases in the adult population (>20 years) were accrued for the assessment of the relative efficacy. Upon analyzing the ...
Suzuki Masahiro - - 2009
A two-component organogelation system, consisting of Nepsilon-dodecyl-L-lysine esters (amine components) and N-dodecyl-L-amino acids (valine, phenylalanine, alanine, glycine, L-lysine) as acid components, was proposed, and its organogelation properties were investigated. The mixture of amine and acid components produced an organic salt compound through acid-base interactions, and it created a three-dimensional network ...
Mallia V Ajay - - 2009
Thirteen members of a new class of low molecular-mass organogelators (LMOGs), amides, and amines based on (R)-12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA; i.e., (R)-12-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid) and the properties of their gels have been investigated by a variety of structural and thermal techniques. The abilities of these LMOGs, molecules with primary and secondary amide ...
Bag Braja G - - 2009
Nine esters of a naturally occurring triterpenoid, arjunolic acid (from Terminalia arjuna), with alkyl chains have been synthesized, and their self-assembly has been studied in organic liquids. All of the esters examined were found to be excellent gelators. No birefringence was detected in optical micrographs of the transparent toluene gels ...
Das Dharani D - - 2009
Our earlier investigations on the chemical composition of biooils derived by the fast pyrolysis of chicken manure revealed the presence of more than 500 compounds. In order to simplify this heterogeneous and complex chemical system, we produced four biooil fractions namely strongly acidic fraction A, weakly acidic fraction B, basic ...
Marie Benjamin - - 2009
In mollusks, one of the most widely studied shell textures is nacre, the lustrous aragonitic layer that constitutes the internal components of the shells of several bivalves, a few gastropods,and one cephalopod: the nautilus. Nacre contains a minor organic fraction, which displays a wide range of functions in relation to ...
Mumper Russell J - - 2009
SPL7013 is the sodium salt of a sulfonated dendrimer that has potent antiviral properties. VivaGel, a topical gel containing 3% (wt/wt) SPL7013, is in development as a vaginal microbicide. BufferGel is a Carbopol-based acidic buffering gel that enhances the natural protective action of the vagina to produce a broad-spectrum microbicidal ...
Hirano Ken - - 2009
We describe a new glycerol-tolerant sodium taurine (ST) medium for rapid sequencing gel electrophoresis by substituting the standard conductive media of Tris-boric acid-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (TBE) and Tris-taurine-EDTA (TTE) and other low-ionic-strength media of sodium boric acid (SB). Low-ionic-strength and cost-effective ST media gave glycerol tolerance up to 50% (v/v) ...
Singh S - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the in vitro and in vivo transdermal potential of bioadhesive gels of ketoprofen by using gelling polymers like sodium carboxymethylcellulose, xanthan gum, poloxamer 407 and carbopol 934P as bioadhesive polymer with and without penetration enhancer (oleic acid). The effect of ...
Gomez César G - - 2009
In this work, three methods (ethanol, HCl, and CaCl(2) routes) of sodium alginate extraction-purification from brown seaweeds (Macrocystis pyrifera) were used in order to study the influence of process conditions on final properties of the polymer. In the CaCl(2) route, was found that the precipitation step in presence of calcium ...
Pangsomboon K - - 2009
AIMS: Purification, identification and partial characterization of bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus paracasei HL32. It has been shown to have activity against Porphyromonas sp. METHODS AND RESULTS: The purification of bacteriocin consisting of gel exclusion followed by anion exchange chromatography produced a single band upon an electrophoresis gel with a molecular ...
Campese Melanie - - 2009
Saliva plays a critical role in the protection of oral hard and soft tissues and contains a multitude of constituents with well-characterized biological activities in vitro. Among these are histatins and acidic proline-rich proteins (PRPs). Nevertheless, few functional studies have recognized the structural instability of these proteins in the proteolytic ...
Biswas Biplob Kumar - - 2009
Ashes from sewage sludge incineration have a high phosphorus content, approximately 8% (W/W), which indicates a potential resource of the limiting nutrient. Incineration of sewage sludge with subsequent recovery of phosphorus is a relatively new sludge treatment technique. In this article, the leaching of phosphorus by using sulfuric acid as ...
Gan Chee-Yuen - - 2009
Cross-linked soy protein isolate (SPI) gels were produced via single-treatment of SPI with microbial transglutaminase (MTG) for 5 h or 24 h, or with ribose for 2 h, or via combined-treatments of SPI with MTG followed by heating with ribose. Assessment of gel strength and solubility concluded that measures which ...
Wang Liying - - 2009
With XAD-series and ion exchange resins, dissolved organic matter (DOM) from Lake Hongfeng in Southwestern China Plateau was isolated into 6 fractions, i.e., humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), hydrophobic neutrals (HON), hydrophilic acids (HIA), hydrophilic bases (HIB) and hydrophilic neutrals (HIN). Those fractions were characterized by high performance size ...
Dhiman Munish Kumar - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of permeation enhancers on the transbuccal delivery of 5-fluorouracil (FU). The effect of permeation enhancers on in vitro buccal permeability was assessed using sodium deoxycholate (SDC), sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), sodium tauroglycocholate (STGC), and oleic acid and their concentrations for ...
Ahmad Farhan Jalees - - 2008
An acid buffering bioadhesive vaginal (ABBV) gel was developed for the treatment of mixed vaginal infections. Different bioadhesive polymers were evaluated on the basis of their bioadhesive strength, stability and drug release properties. Bioadhesion and release studies showed that guar gum, xanthan gum and hydroxypropyl methylcelullose K4M formed a good ...
Jackson Thomas R - - 2008
The incorporation of specialised carbohydrate affinity ligand methacrylamido phenylboronic acid in polyacrylamide gels for fluorophore-assisted carbohydrate electrophoresis greatly improved the effective separation of saccharides that show similar mobilities in standard electrophoresis. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using methacrylamido phenylboronic acid in low loading (typically 0.5-1% dry weight) was unequivocally shown to alter ...
Vijayendra S V N - - 2009
A new acid stable exo-beta-1,3-glucanase of Rhizoctonia solani purified from a commercial source 'Kitarase-M', by a combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion-exchange and gel filtration methods, had specific activity of 0.26 U/mg protein, Km and Vmax values of 0.78 mg/ml and 0.27 mM/min/mg protein, respectively. It had molecular weight of ...
Miller Ewa - - 2009
The main aim of this research was to select a silane gel with appropriate composition containing fluorophore immobilized in it, in view of application of this carrier in the construction of a fluorescence optical sensor. Results of stationary fluorescence studies on gelation of silane gel with different composition, obtained as ...
Tang Shouwan - - 2008
Cellulose 3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate was successfully immobilized onto bare silica gel for HPLC through the intermolecular polycondensation of triethoxysilyl groups, which were introduced onto the cellulose derivative via epoxide ring-opening reaction under acidic conditions. The immobilized-type chiral packing material (CPM) exhibited high chiral recognition ability and could be used with various eluents, ...
Hanna Bassam E - - 2008
To demonstrate the possible effect of smoking on serum uric acid. Subjects enrolled in study were divided into two groups; nonsmokers and smokers, each with 60 male volunteers of the same social class and dietary habit without history of alcohol consumption, diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia and gout, renal, joint, lung or ...
Mizrahi Shaul - - 2008
Chiral electroseparation is demonstrated, for the first time, by a low molecular weight organogel filled capillary. Five pairs of dansylated amino acids were separated by copper ligand exchange on a trans-(1S,2S)-1,2-bis-(dodecylamido) cyclohexane (1) gel in methanol. Low molecular weight organogels are emerging materials that form stable, fibrillar, thermoreversible and thixotropic ...
Monzo Alex - - 2008
As a continuation of our work on boronic acid lectin affinity chromatography (BLAC), in this paper we introduce an automated affinity micropartitioning approach using combined boronic acid and concanavalin A (BLAC/Con A) resin-filled micropipette tips to isolate and enrich human serum glycoproteins. The N-linked oligosaccharides of the partitioned glycoproteins were ...
Dako Etienne - - 2008
The main autolysin PA49.5, an enzyme that hydrolyzes or destroys the components of a biological endogenous cell or a tissue, was purified 3045 times from the homogenate of a whole cell extract of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris ATCC 9596 (Mc5), with a recovery yield of 52%. The purification of the ...
Frank Richard A - - 2008
Recent expansion within the oil sands industry of the Athabasca Basin of Alberta, Canada has led to increased concern regarding process-affected wastewaters produced during bitumen extraction. Naphthenic acids (NAs) have been identified as the primary toxic constituents of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) and studies have shown that with time, ...
LeBrun Matthew - - 2008
Detection of the abnormal or the pathogenic form of prion protein (PrP(Sc)) by Western blot (WB) is challenging, especially, for samples derived from cell cultures that contain low levels of PrP(Sc). A variety of PrP(Sc) concentration methods have been reported with various PrP(Sc) recovery efficiencies. Ultracentrifugation is one of the ...
Chen Wei-Jung - - 2008
Bovine pancreatic deoxyribonuclease I (bpDNase I) contains four cysteine residues forming two disulfide bonds. Though there are no free sulfhydryl groups, incubation of bpDNase I with 2-nitro-5-thiosulfobenzoic acid (NTSB) in the presence of Ca(2+) or Mg(2+) at pH 7.5 results in inactivation of the enzyme. Amino acid analysis shows that ...
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