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Kendel Melha - - 2013
Phospholipids (PL) and glycolipids (GL) FA in the edible Rhodophyta Grateloupia turuturu, from Brittany, France, were investigated over four seasons. The major lipid class was GL in all seasons (around 45 %). More than 80 FA occurred in polar lipids, with chains from C12 to C26, identified as methyl esters and N-acyl ...
Chen Kuan-Hsiang - - 2013
This work demonstrates a novel chloride photo-electrochemical method for mineralizing citric acid. The electrolytic reactor with a length of 12 cm, a width of 12 cm and a height of 30 cm held 2.5 L of solution, which was involved in the batch reaction. Both anode and cathode were made of titanium coated with ...
Hindle Ralph - - 2013
This study details the development of a routine method for quantitative analysis of oil sands naphthenic acids, which are a complex class of compounds found naturally and as contaminants in oil sands process waters from Alberta's Athabasca region. Expanding beyond classical naphthenic acids (CnH2n-zO2), those compounds conforming to the formula ...
Miao Shida - - 2013
An oleic acid-based epoxy monomer was synthesized by reacting 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate with epoxy stearic acid and an immobilized lipase. NMR, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and gel permeation chromatography were used to characterize the intermediates and products. 2-(Acryloyloxy) ethyl epoxy stearate was synthesized with a yield of 87 % w/w. After free ...
Hetzler Stephan - - 2013
Rhodococcus opacus PD630, which is known for its ability to accumulate large amounts of triacylglycerols (TAG), was metabolically engineered, and a cellobiose utilization pathway was introduced. Activities of β-glucosidases were determined, and recombinant strains accumulated fatty acids up to 39.5 ± 5.7% (wt/wt) of cell dry mass from cellobiose.
Hidalgo Francisco J - - 2013
An analytical method which offers accurate determination and identification of eight α-keto acids (α-ketoglutaric acid, pyruvic acid, 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxobutyric acid, α-keto-γ-methylthiobutyric acid, 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, and phenylpyruvic acid) in pork meat and Iberian ham samples is reported. The method utilises a highly selective and sensitive method of multiple ...
Koubaa Mohamed - - 2013
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is involved in the complete oxidation of organic acids to carbon dioxide in aerobic cells. It not only uses the acetyl-CoA derived from glycolysis, but also utilizes breakdown products of proteins, fatty acids, and nucleic acids. Therefore, the TCA cycle involves numerous carbon fluxes through ...
Yang Li-Chen - - 2013
High performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization and negative ion detection (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) was used to identify the polyphenols from the leaves of a traditional vegetable and spice, Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. in China, by comparison of the retention times and mass spectral fragment with standard substances ...
Schantz Michele M - - 2013
As part of a collaboration with the National Institutes of Health's Office of Dietary Supplements and the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the National Institute of Standards and Technology has developed Standard Reference Material (SRM) 3274 Botanical Oils Containing Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids and ...
West Charles E - - 2013
The large volumes of 'supercomplex' mixtures of reputedly toxic organic compounds in acidic extracts of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) represent a challenging goal for complete characterisation. To date, comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC/TOFMS) has allowed the acquisition and interpretation of numerous electron ionisation mass spectra including many ...
Furse Samuel - - 2013
In this paper we report the molecular profiling, lipidome and proteome, of the plant organelle known as an oil body (OB). The OB is remarkable in that it is able to perform its biological role (storage of triglycerides) whilst resisting the physical stresses caused by changes during desiccation (dehydration) and ...
Cao Benjamin - - 2013
Glucuronosyl diacylglycerides (GlcAGroAc2) are functionally important glycolipids and membrane anchors for cell wall lipoglycans in the Corynebacteria. Here we describe the complete synthesis of distinct acyl-isoforms of GlcAGroAc2 bearing both acylation patterns of (R)-tuberculostearic acid (C19:0) and palmitic acid (C16:0) and their mass spectral characterization. Collision-induced fragmentation mass spectrometry identified ...
Yin Li-Jung - - 2013
An acid protease from the broth of a 24-hour cultivated Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 was purified to electrophoretical homogeneity by CM Sepharose FF and Sephacryl S-100 HR chromatographs. The specific activity, purification fold and yield were 23.29 kU/mg, 2.5 and 24.2%, respectively. Molecular mass (M) and N-terminal amino acid sequence ...
Kumar Mukesh - - 2013
Formation of cyclic intermediates involving water or ammonia loss is a common occurrence in any reaction involving terminal amines or hydroxyl group containing species. Proteins that have both these functional groups in abundance are no exception, and presence of amino acids such as asparagine, glutamines, aspartic acids, and glutamic acids ...
Yao Xiao Tong - - 2013
The essential oil from Gaillardia pulchella Foug. flowers was obtained by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Twenty-eight compounds representing 92.63% of the essential oil were identified, of which the most prominent were n-Hexadecanoic acid (26.90%), Phytol (7.58%) and Cyclopropaneoctanoic acid, 2-[[2-[(2-ethylcyclopropyl) methyl] cyclopropyl] ...
Stingl Nadja - - 2013
Defense signaling compounds and phytohormones play an essential role in the regulation of plant responses to various environmental abiotic and biotic stresses. Among the most severe stresses are herbivory, pathogen infection, and drought stress. The major hormones involved in the regulation of these responses are 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA), the pro-hormone ...
Ahmad Nizar Nina Naquiah - - 2013
A study was conducted to differentiate lard, chicken fat, beef fat and mutton fat using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Elemental Analyzer-Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (EA-IRMS). The comparison of overall fatty acid data showed that lard and chicken fat share common characteristics by having palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid ...
Sorek Nadav - - 2013
Lipid modifications play a key role in protein targeting and function. The two Arabidopsis Gγ subunits, AGG1 and AGG2, have been shown to undergo prenylation (AGG1) and S-acylation (AGG2). Prenylation involves covalent nonreversible attachment of either farnesyl (15 carbons) or geranylgeranyl (20 carbons) isoprenoids to conserved cysteine residues at or ...
Taniuchi Toshinori - - 2013
The organic haze of aerosols that shrouds the Saturnian moon Titan has previously been studied by both observations and laboratory simulation experiments. Here we report the abiotic formation of amino acid precursors in complex organic molecules during experimental simulation of the environment near Titan's surface with proton irradiation. Pyrolysis of ...
Palmer Tom M TM Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Warwick, - - 2013
To assess the associations between both uric acid levels and hyperuricaemia, with ischaemic heart disease and blood pressure, and to explore the potentially confounding role of body mass index. Mendelian randomisation analysis, using variation at specific genes (SLC2A9 (rs7442295) as an instrument for uric acid; and FTO (rs9939609), MC4R (rs17782313), ...
Cherif Aicha O - - 2013
The accumulation of triacylglycerols during the development of three varieties of peanuts was monitored in two Tunisian cultivated peanut (Trabelsia (AraT) and Chounfakhi (AraC)) and one wild Tunisian peanut (Arbi (AraA)). The presence of TAGs composed of rare fatty acid residues such as hexacosanoic acid (C(23:0)) and heneicosanoic acid (C(21:0)) ...
Moon Kyuho - - 2012
α-Hydroxy acids are commonly encountered in natural bioactive molecules. For convenient determination of the absolute configurations of α-hydroxy acids, a simple method, named the "O-Marfey method" was developed using a chiral derivatization strategy with (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrophenyl-5)-l-alanine amide (l-FDAA). The liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of the derivatives clearly determined the absolute ...
Juturu Veeresh - - 2012
Acetyl xylan esterase (AXE) from basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea Okayama 7 (#130) was functionally expressed in Pichia pastoris with a C-terminal tag under the alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and secreted into the medium at 1.5 mg l(-1). Its molecular mass was estimated to be 65.5 kDa based on the SDS-PAGE analysis, which is ...
Szakiel Anna - - 2012
Analysis of the main triterpenoid profile of chloroform-soluble cuticular waxes of heather flowers and leaves by GC-MS revealed the following composition: five triterpene acids - betulinic, oleanolic, ursolic, 3-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic and 3-oxo-ursan-12-en-28-oic; eight monohydroxyalcohols - α-amyrin, β-amyrin, cycloartanol, 24-methylenecycloartanol, friedelinol, germanicol, lupeol and taraxasterol; three dihydroxyalcohols - betulin, erythrodiol and uvaol; ...
Tan Zhuliang - - 2013
Phytosterols and their derivatives have attracted much attention because of their health benefits to humans and are widely used in food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics in the past decades. While most of the research has focused on free phytosterols and phytosteryl esters of fatty acids, few researches reported on phytosteryl phenolates, ...
Cvačka Josef - - 2012
A female-produced sex pheromone of Stylops muelleri was identified as an unusually branched saturated aldehyde (9R)-3,5-syn-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal. We named it stylopsal. Its structure was established by using mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, and organic synthesis of candidate compounds. The synthetic standard of (9R)-3,5-syn-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal gave identical chromatographic and mass spectrometric data as the ...
Huang Zhao - - 2012
Au-supported Pt-Au mixed atomic monolayer electrocatalyst was prepared by underpotential deposition of Cu on Au and then redox replacement with noble metal atoms, which shows an ultrahigh Pt-mass (or Pt-area) normalized specific electrocatalytic activity of 102 mA μg(Pt)(-1) (124 mA cm(Pt)(-2)) for oxidation of formic acid in acidic aqueous solution.
Kumagai Yuya - - 2012
Two α-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) isozymes, HdAmy58 and HdAmy82, with approximate molecular masses of 58kDa and 82kDa, respectively, were isolated from the digestive fluid of the Pacific abalone Haliotis discus hannai. Optimal temperatures and pHs for HdAmy58 and HdAmy82 were at 30°C and 6.7, and 30°C and 6.1, respectively. Both enzymes ...
Marekov Ilko - - 2012
Applying gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline fatty acid derivatives, the fatty acid composition of 15 mushroom species belonging to 9 genera and 5 families of order Agaricales growing in Bulgaria is determined. The structure of 31 fatty acids (not all present in each species) is unambiguously elucidated, with linoleic, oleic ...
Groenewold Gary S - - 2012
The selective separation of the minor actinides (Am, Cm) from the lanthanides is a topic of ongoing nuclear fuel cycle research, and dithiophosphinic acids are candidate ligands in these processes. Ligand instability has been noted under radiolytic and harsh acid conditions but explicit degradation pathways for ligands such as bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)-dithiophosphinic ...
Hirayama Akiyoshi - - 2012
Capillary electrophoresis coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used to explore new serum biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity for diabetic nephropathy (DN) diagnosis, through comprehensive analysis of serum metabolites with 78 diabetic patients. Multivariate analyses were used for identification of marker candidates and development of discriminative models. Of the ...
Hammami Saoussen - - 2012
Phytochemical investigation of chloroform extract from the leaves of the marine plant Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile (Posidoniaceae), yielded posidozinol, a new methylated sesquiterpene along with β-sitosterol and four known fatty acids: palmitic, palmitoleic, oleic and linoleic acids. The structure elucidation has been established on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR ...
Gong Hui - - 2012
Folic acid is one of the most important nutrient substances for human beings, especially for the pregnant women and infants. Therefore the purity determination of folic acid is particularly important. The mass balance method was employed to determine the purity of folic acid, by using the measures of high performance ...
He Min - - 2012
The chemical composition of the essential oils and fatty acids among nine groups of Platycodi Radix in China was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Complicated components were resolved using chemometric methods. Simultaneously, the various features among heuristic evolving latent projections, selective ion analysis and alternative moving window factor analysis were ...
Liu Yongchun - - 2012
Heterogeneous uptake of methylamine (MA), dimethylamine (DMA), and trimethylamine (TMA) onto citric acid and humic acid was investigated using a Knudsen cell reactor coupled to a quadrupole mass spectrometer at 298 K. Acid-base reactions between amines and carboxylic acids were confirmed. The observed uptake coefficients of MA, DMA, and TMA ...
Attya Mohamed - - 2012
The role of lipase to catalyze hydrolysis and transesterification of triacylglycerols (TAGs) was evaluated in model systems as well as in virgin olive oil. Tandem mass spectrometry was applied in the identification of modified TAGs, ionized by electrospray, formed during the incubation of selected TAGs with mono and di carboxylic ...
Simonen M M Department of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, - - 2012
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) induces a more favorable metabolic profile than expected by weight loss alone. In this study, we investigated the effect of RYGB on serum bile acid levels and their relation to clinical outcomes. We included 30 obese patients who underwent RYGB (BMI = 46.1 ± 5.9 kg/m(2)). Clinical measurements and ...
Cui Weiti - - 2012
This work examines the involvement of haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in salicylic acid (SA)-induced alleviation of oxidative stress as a result of cadmium (Cd) stress in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seedling roots. CdCl(2) exposure caused severe growth inhibition and Cd accumulation, which were potentiated by pre-treatment with zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPPIX), a ...
Kumar Anil - - 2012
There is an evolving consensus that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) serves as a prodrome to Alzheimer's disease. Antioxidants and COX-2 (cyclo-oxygenase-2) inhibitors have also been reported to have beneficial effects against conditions of memory impairment. Newer drugs like cysteinyl leukotriene inhibitors have shown neuroprotective effect in animal models of ischemia. ...
Deng Hui - - 2012
Energetics of bond dissociation, especially the R-H bond heterolysis free energy (pKa), has played a central role in promoting chemistry to become a rational science. Despite the oceans of acidity studies in literature, the current knowledge is much limited to the classical molecular solvents and is unable to be extended ...
Svoboda Laurie K - - 2012
Kv1.5 (KCNA5) is expressed in the heart, where it underlies the I(Kur) current that controls atrial repolarization, and in the pulmonary vasculature, where it regulates vessel contractility in response to changes in oxygen tension. Atrial fibrillation and hypoxic pulmonary hypertension are characterized by downregulation of Kv1.5 protein expression, as well ...
Hansen Travis J - - 2012
The use of microalgae for biofuel production will be beneficial to society if we can produce biofuels at large scales with minimal mechanical energy input in the production process. Understanding micro-algal physiological responses under variable environmental conditions in bioreactors is essential for the optimization of biofuel production. We demonstrate that ...
Kotbagi Trupti - - 2012
The transesterification of diethyl oxalate (DEO) with phenol to form diphenyl oxalate (DPO) has been carried out in the liquid phase over very efficient MoO(3) /TiO(2) solid-acid sol-gel catalysts. A selectivity of 100 % with a remarkable maximum yield of 88 % were obtained, which opens the route to downstream phosgene-free processes ...
Xu Jin - - 2012
• Under cadmium (Cd) stress, Solanum nigrum accumulated threefold more Cd in its leaves and was tolerant to Cd, whereas its low Cd-accumulating relative, Solanum torvum, suffered reduced growth and marked oxidative damage. However, the physiological mechanisms that are responsible for differential Cd accumulation and tolerance between the two Solanum ...
Mao Shimin - - 2012
Resolution of racemic mandelic acid ((R,S)-MA) and numerical determination of binary competitive isotherm of (R,S)-MA on Chiralcel-OD column have been investigated in this study. The effects of the alcohol modifier and acidic additive in the mobile phase on the retention and enantioseparation of (R,S)-MA were studied at first. The inverse ...
Audette-Stuart M - - 2012
Fatty acid composition was identified as a potential biological indicator of the effects of environmental exposure to radiological contaminants. This end point was measured in muscle tissues of Mink frogs ( Rana septentrionalis ) obtained from a radiologically contaminated pond and from a non-contaminated pond. It was also measured after ...
Maya-Soriano M J - - 2012
Summary Heat stress (HS) is especially harmful for bovine ovarian follicle development and oocyte competence. Furthermore, HS causes premature aging in oocytes due to high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), involved in the harmful effects over the oocyte maturation and the steroidogenic activity of follicular cells. In this study, ...
Cheong Mun Wai - - 2012
Two cultivars (Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck PO 51 and PO 52) of Malaysian pomelo juices were studied by examining their physicochemical properties (i.e. pH, °Brix and titratable acidity), volatile and non-volatile components (sugars and organic acids). Using solvent extraction and headspace solid-phase microextraction, 49 and 65 volatile compounds were identified ...
Diesendruck Charles E - - 2012
A novel mechanophore with acid-releasing capability is designed to produce a simple catalyst for chemical change in materials under mechanical stress. The mechanophore based on a gem-dichlorocyclopropanated indene is synthesized and used as a cross-linker in poly(methyl acrylate). Force dependent rearrangement is demonstrated for cross-linked mechanophore samples loaded in compression ...
Chingcuanco Frances - - 2012
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) survives exposure to acute acid stress during gastric passage and progresses to colonize the large intestine. We previously reported that acid stress significantly increases host-adhesion of EHEC O157:H7 and is associated with a coincident upregulation of the expression of a putative adhesin gene, yadK. Further gene ...
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