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Teramoto Kanae - - 2013
Mycolic acids have been used as important chemotaxonomic markers. In this study, a newly developed matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer with a spiral ion trajectory (MALDI spiral-TOFMS) was applied to the characterization of mycolic acids of three type strains of validated species belonging to the genus Dietzia (D. papillomatosis ...
Ramos Patricia A B - - 2013
Lipophilic extracts of Cynara cardunculus L. var. altilis (DC) from south of Portugal (Baixo Alentejo) were studied by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. One sesquiterpene lactone, four pentacyclic triterpenes and five sterols were reported for the first time as cultivated cardoon components, namely deacylcynaropicrin, β- and α-amyrin, lupenyl and ψ-taraxasteryl acetates, stigmasterol,, ...
Kim Nam Sook - - 2014
In this study, a method for discriminating natural mozzarella cheese from cheese substitutes, using fatty acid profiles, phytosterol contents, and statistical comparison, was developed. A total of 27 cheeses were evaluated: eight natural mozzarella cheeses (NMCs), four imitation mozzarella cheeses (IMCs), 12 processed cheeses (PCs) and three mixed cheeses (MCs) ...
Liu Xinping - - 2013
A highly sensitive, specific and robust method for the analysis of oxidized metabolites of linoleic, acid (LA), arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was developed using charge-switch derivatization, LC-ESI MS/MS with selected reaction monitoring (SRM) and quantitation by high mass accuracy analysis of product ions thereby minimizing interferences from ...
Abu-Reidah I M - - 2013
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa), a leafy vegetal widely consumed worldwide, fresh cut or minimally processed, constitutes a major dietary source of natural antioxidants and bioactive compounds. In this study, reversed-phase ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-UHPLC) coupled to electrospray ionization-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-QTOF-MS) was applied for the comprehensive profiling of polar and semi-polar ...
Bhuiyan Mohammad - - 2013
Yeast, particularly Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has long served as a model eukaryotic system for studies on the regulation of lipid metabolism. We developed a high performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry method for the detailed analysis of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in 14 species of yeast consisting of seven Antarctic yeasts (grown ...
Toue Sakino - - 2013
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) combined with capillary electrophoresis-assisted mass spectrometry (CE/MS) serves as a method to provide semi-quantitative and spatial information of small molecular metabolites in tissue slices. However, not all metabolites including amino acids have fully been visualized, because of low ionization efficiency in MALDI mass spectrometry. This study ...
Morgunov Igor G - - 2013
The optimal cultivation conditions ensuring the maximal rate of citric acid (CA) biosynthesis by glycerol-grown mutant Yarrowia lipolytica NG40/UV7 were found to be as follows: growth limitation by inorganic nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, or sulfur), 28 °C, pH 5.0, dissolved oxygen concentration (pO2) of 50 % (of air saturation), and pulsed addition of glycerol ...
Zhang Junjie - - 2013
Amino acids are one of the most important metabolites of organisms. They play an important role in plant growth, development and product quality. A method based on RP ultra-performance liquid chromatography with single quadrupole mass spectrometry and 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate pre-column derivatization was developed for the analysis of free amino acids ...
Szecsody Jim E - - 2013
This study shows that acidic and alkaline wastes co-disposed with uranium into subsurface sediments have significant impact on changes in uranium retardation, concentration, and mass during downward migration. For uranium co-disposal with acidic wastes, significant rapid (i.e., hours) carbonate and slow (i.e., 100s of hours) clay dissolution resulted, releasing significant ...
Osanai Takashi - - 2013
Nitrogen availability is one of the most important factors for the survival of cyanobacteria. Previous studies on Synechocystis revealed a contradictory situation with regard to metabolism during nitrogen starvation; that is, glycogen accumulated even though the expressions of sugar catabolic genes were widely upregulated. Here, we conducted transcript and metabolomic ...
Wasta Ziar - - 2013
Fatty acids in products claimed to contain oils with the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were analyzed as fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using electron impact ionization. To cover the variation in products on the market, the 20 products that were studied ...
Sanchez-Hernandez Laura - - 2013
Two capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry (CE-MS2) methods were optimized in this work using cyclodextrins (CDs) as chiral selectors in order to determine the degree of racemization of the free amino acids contained in different hydrolyzed protein fertilizers used as plant biostimulants. The methodologies developed were characterized by the specificity of ...
Wang Hanqing - - 2013
Amino acids are naturally occurring compounds in many edible or medicinal plants, which possess a variety of pharmacological effects on humans. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method for absolute and relative quantification of amino acids ...
Steffen Brian T BT Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street, SE, Mayo Mail Code 609, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0392, - - 2013
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an independent risk factor for CVD and has been proposed as a marker of vascular inflammation. Polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (FA) and several n-6 FA are known to suppress inflammation and may influence Lp-PLA2 mass and activity. The associations of n-3 and n-6 plasma FA ...
Liebisch Gerhard G Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany. - - 2013
There is a need for a standardized, practical annotation for structures of lipid species derived from mass spectrometric approaches; i.e., for high-throughput data obtained from instruments operating in either high- or low-resolution modes. This proposal is based on common, officially accepted terms and builds upon the LIPID MAPS terminology. It ...
Kim Jeong Wook - - 2013
Mesoporous SBA-15-based catalysts were applied, for the first time, to the pyrolysis of waste mandarin residue. Si-SBA-15 with few acid sites, Al-SBA-15 with a significant amount of acid sites owing to the alumination treatment, and Pt/Al-SBA-15, which was synthesized by incorporating 7.1-nm Pt nanoparticles on Al-SBA-15, were used. Pyrolysis experiments ...
Kendel Melha - - 2013
Phospholipids (PL) and glycolipids (GL) FA in the edible Rhodophyta Grateloupia turuturu, from Brittany, France, were investigated over four seasons. The major lipid class was GL in all seasons (around 45 %). More than 80 FA occurred in polar lipids, with chains from C12 to C26, identified as methyl esters and N-acyl ...
Chen Kuan-Hsiang - - 2013
This work demonstrates a novel chloride photo-electrochemical method for mineralizing citric acid. The electrolytic reactor with a length of 12 cm, a width of 12 cm and a height of 30 cm held 2.5 L of solution, which was involved in the batch reaction. Both anode and cathode were made of titanium coated with ...
Hindle Ralph - - 2013
This study details the development of a routine method for quantitative analysis of oil sands naphthenic acids, which are a complex class of compounds found naturally and as contaminants in oil sands process waters from Alberta's Athabasca region. Expanding beyond classical naphthenic acids (CnH2n-zO2), those compounds conforming to the formula ...
Miao Shida - - 2013
An oleic acid-based epoxy monomer was synthesized by reacting 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate with epoxy stearic acid and an immobilized lipase. NMR, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and gel permeation chromatography were used to characterize the intermediates and products. 2-(Acryloyloxy) ethyl epoxy stearate was synthesized with a yield of 87 % w/w. After free ...
Hetzler Stephan - - 2013
Rhodococcus opacus PD630, which is known for its ability to accumulate large amounts of triacylglycerols (TAG), was metabolically engineered, and a cellobiose utilization pathway was introduced. Activities of β-glucosidases were determined, and recombinant strains accumulated fatty acids up to 39.5 ± 5.7% (wt/wt) of cell dry mass from cellobiose.
Hidalgo Francisco J - - 2013
An analytical method which offers accurate determination and identification of eight α-keto acids (α-ketoglutaric acid, pyruvic acid, 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxobutyric acid, α-keto-γ-methylthiobutyric acid, 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, and phenylpyruvic acid) in pork meat and Iberian ham samples is reported. The method utilises a highly selective and sensitive method of multiple ...
Koubaa Mohamed - - 2013
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is involved in the complete oxidation of organic acids to carbon dioxide in aerobic cells. It not only uses the acetyl-CoA derived from glycolysis, but also utilizes breakdown products of proteins, fatty acids, and nucleic acids. Therefore, the TCA cycle involves numerous carbon fluxes through ...
Yang Li-Chen - - 2013
High performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization and negative ion detection (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) was used to identify the polyphenols from the leaves of a traditional vegetable and spice, Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. in China, by comparison of the retention times and mass spectral fragment with standard substances ...
Schantz Michele M - - 2013
As part of a collaboration with the National Institutes of Health's Office of Dietary Supplements and the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the National Institute of Standards and Technology has developed Standard Reference Material (SRM) 3274 Botanical Oils Containing Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids and ...
West Charles E - - 2013
The large volumes of 'supercomplex' mixtures of reputedly toxic organic compounds in acidic extracts of oil sands process-affected waters (OSPW) represent a challenging goal for complete characterisation. To date, comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC/TOFMS) has allowed the acquisition and interpretation of numerous electron ionisation mass spectra including many ...
Furse Samuel - - 2013
In this paper we report the molecular profiling, lipidome and proteome, of the plant organelle known as an oil body (OB). The OB is remarkable in that it is able to perform its biological role (storage of triglycerides) whilst resisting the physical stresses caused by changes during desiccation (dehydration) and ...
Cao Benjamin - - 2013
Glucuronosyl diacylglycerides (GlcAGroAc2) are functionally important glycolipids and membrane anchors for cell wall lipoglycans in the Corynebacteria. Here we describe the complete synthesis of distinct acyl-isoforms of GlcAGroAc2 bearing both acylation patterns of (R)-tuberculostearic acid (C19:0) and palmitic acid (C16:0) and their mass spectral characterization. Collision-induced fragmentation mass spectrometry identified ...
Yin Li-Jung - - 2013
An acid protease from the broth of a 24-hour cultivated Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 was purified to electrophoretical homogeneity by CM Sepharose FF and Sephacryl S-100 HR chromatographs. The specific activity, purification fold and yield were 23.29 kU/mg, 2.5 and 24.2%, respectively. Molecular mass (M) and N-terminal amino acid sequence ...
Kumar Mukesh - - 2013
Formation of cyclic intermediates involving water or ammonia loss is a common occurrence in any reaction involving terminal amines or hydroxyl group containing species. Proteins that have both these functional groups in abundance are no exception, and presence of amino acids such as asparagine, glutamines, aspartic acids, and glutamic acids ...
Yao Xiao Tong - - 2013
The essential oil from Gaillardia pulchella Foug. flowers was obtained by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Twenty-eight compounds representing 92.63% of the essential oil were identified, of which the most prominent were n-Hexadecanoic acid (26.90%), Phytol (7.58%) and Cyclopropaneoctanoic acid, 2-[[2-[(2-ethylcyclopropyl) methyl] cyclopropyl] ...
Stingl Nadja - - 2013
Defense signaling compounds and phytohormones play an essential role in the regulation of plant responses to various environmental abiotic and biotic stresses. Among the most severe stresses are herbivory, pathogen infection, and drought stress. The major hormones involved in the regulation of these responses are 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (OPDA), the pro-hormone ...
Ahmad Nizar Nina Naquiah - - 2013
A study was conducted to differentiate lard, chicken fat, beef fat and mutton fat using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Elemental Analyzer-Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (EA-IRMS). The comparison of overall fatty acid data showed that lard and chicken fat share common characteristics by having palmitic, oleic and linoleic acid ...
Sorek Nadav - - 2013
Lipid modifications play a key role in protein targeting and function. The two Arabidopsis Gγ subunits, AGG1 and AGG2, have been shown to undergo prenylation (AGG1) and S-acylation (AGG2). Prenylation involves covalent nonreversible attachment of either farnesyl (15 carbons) or geranylgeranyl (20 carbons) isoprenoids to conserved cysteine residues at or ...
Taniuchi Toshinori - - 2013
The organic haze of aerosols that shrouds the Saturnian moon Titan has previously been studied by both observations and laboratory simulation experiments. Here we report the abiotic formation of amino acid precursors in complex organic molecules during experimental simulation of the environment near Titan's surface with proton irradiation. Pyrolysis of ...
Palmer Tom M TM Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Warwick, - - 2013
To assess the associations between both uric acid levels and hyperuricaemia, with ischaemic heart disease and blood pressure, and to explore the potentially confounding role of body mass index. Mendelian randomisation analysis, using variation at specific genes (SLC2A9 (rs7442295) as an instrument for uric acid; and FTO (rs9939609), MC4R (rs17782313), ...
Chaturvedula Venkata Sai Prakash VS Natural Ingredient Development, Blue California, 30111 Tomas, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA 92688, USA. - - 2013
From the commercial extract of the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni, a minor steviol glycoside, 13-[(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid-[(2-O-(3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl) ester] (1); also known as rebaudioside O having seven sugar units has been isolated. Its structural characterization has been achieved by the extensive 1D (1H and 13C), and 2D NMR (COSY, HMQC, ...
Cherif Aicha O - - 2013
The accumulation of triacylglycerols during the development of three varieties of peanuts was monitored in two Tunisian cultivated peanut (Trabelsia (AraT) and Chounfakhi (AraC)) and one wild Tunisian peanut (Arbi (AraA)). The presence of TAGs composed of rare fatty acid residues such as hexacosanoic acid (C(23:0)) and heneicosanoic acid (C(21:0)) ...
Moon Kyuho - - 2012
α-Hydroxy acids are commonly encountered in natural bioactive molecules. For convenient determination of the absolute configurations of α-hydroxy acids, a simple method, named the "O-Marfey method" was developed using a chiral derivatization strategy with (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrophenyl-5)-l-alanine amide (l-FDAA). The liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of the derivatives clearly determined the absolute ...
Juturu Veeresh - - 2012
Acetyl xylan esterase (AXE) from basidiomycete Coprinopsis cinerea Okayama 7 (#130) was functionally expressed in Pichia pastoris with a C-terminal tag under the alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and secreted into the medium at 1.5 mg l(-1). Its molecular mass was estimated to be 65.5 kDa based on the SDS-PAGE analysis, which is ...
Szakiel Anna - - 2012
Analysis of the main triterpenoid profile of chloroform-soluble cuticular waxes of heather flowers and leaves by GC-MS revealed the following composition: five triterpene acids - betulinic, oleanolic, ursolic, 3-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic and 3-oxo-ursan-12-en-28-oic; eight monohydroxyalcohols - α-amyrin, β-amyrin, cycloartanol, 24-methylenecycloartanol, friedelinol, germanicol, lupeol and taraxasterol; three dihydroxyalcohols - betulin, erythrodiol and uvaol; ...
Tan Zhuliang - - 2013
Phytosterols and their derivatives have attracted much attention because of their health benefits to humans and are widely used in food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics in the past decades. While most of the research has focused on free phytosterols and phytosteryl esters of fatty acids, few researches reported on phytosteryl phenolates, ...
Cvačka Josef - - 2012
A female-produced sex pheromone of Stylops muelleri was identified as an unusually branched saturated aldehyde (9R)-3,5-syn-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal. We named it stylopsal. Its structure was established by using mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, and organic synthesis of candidate compounds. The synthetic standard of (9R)-3,5-syn-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal gave identical chromatographic and mass spectrometric data as the ...
Huang Zhao - - 2012
Au-supported Pt-Au mixed atomic monolayer electrocatalyst was prepared by underpotential deposition of Cu on Au and then redox replacement with noble metal atoms, which shows an ultrahigh Pt-mass (or Pt-area) normalized specific electrocatalytic activity of 102 mA μg(Pt)(-1) (124 mA cm(Pt)(-2)) for oxidation of formic acid in acidic aqueous solution.
Kumagai Yuya - - 2012
Two α-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) isozymes, HdAmy58 and HdAmy82, with approximate molecular masses of 58kDa and 82kDa, respectively, were isolated from the digestive fluid of the Pacific abalone Haliotis discus hannai. Optimal temperatures and pHs for HdAmy58 and HdAmy82 were at 30°C and 6.7, and 30°C and 6.1, respectively. Both enzymes ...
Marekov Ilko - - 2012
Applying gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline fatty acid derivatives, the fatty acid composition of 15 mushroom species belonging to 9 genera and 5 families of order Agaricales growing in Bulgaria is determined. The structure of 31 fatty acids (not all present in each species) is unambiguously elucidated, with linoleic, oleic ...
Groenewold Gary S - - 2012
The selective separation of the minor actinides (Am, Cm) from the lanthanides is a topic of ongoing nuclear fuel cycle research, and dithiophosphinic acids are candidate ligands in these processes. Ligand instability has been noted under radiolytic and harsh acid conditions but explicit degradation pathways for ligands such as bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)-dithiophosphinic ...
Hirayama Akiyoshi - - 2012
Capillary electrophoresis coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used to explore new serum biomarkers with high sensitivity and specificity for diabetic nephropathy (DN) diagnosis, through comprehensive analysis of serum metabolites with 78 diabetic patients. Multivariate analyses were used for identification of marker candidates and development of discriminative models. Of the ...
Hammami Saoussen - - 2012
Phytochemical investigation of chloroform extract from the leaves of the marine plant Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile (Posidoniaceae), yielded posidozinol, a new methylated sesquiterpene along with β-sitosterol and four known fatty acids: palmitic, palmitoleic, oleic and linoleic acids. The structure elucidation has been established on the basis of 1D- and 2D-NMR ...
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