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Results 451 - 500 of 1950
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Vioque J - - 1999
A chickpea 2S albumin has been purified by solubilization in 60% methanol and ion-exchange chromatography. Under denaturing conditions it is composed of two peptides of 10 and 12 kDa. Native molecular mass determined by gel filtration chromatography is 20 kDa. Amino acid composition shows that it is rich in sulfur ...
Syed F B - - 1999
A lectin was isolated from Agrobacterium radiobacter cell surface and purified. It is a monomer of 40 kDa as shown by SDS-PAGE. The lectin has a pI of 9.15 and amino acid composition of the lectin shows that 44% of the amino acids are hydrophobic. The lectin agglutinates rabbit erythrocytes ...
Bellini M P - - 1999
The electric field strength gradients generated in isotachophoresis (ITP) may be used for the separation of biomolecules. Poly(2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid) (polyAMPS) polymers of a uniform distribution of molecular mass were synthesized and used as novel spacers in ITP. Since these polymeric spacers are strongly acidic species, their ionic charges remain constant ...
Temp U - - 1999
When glucose is the carbon source, the white rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus produces a characteristic red pigment, cinnabarinic acid, which is formed by laccase-catalyzed oxidation of the precursor 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. When P. cinnabarinus was grown on media containing cellobiose or cellulose as the carbon source, the amount of cinnabarinic acid ...
Itoh A - - 1999
Two fatty acid hydroperoxide lyases (HPO lyase I and II) were purified to apparent homogeneity from etiolated hypocotyls of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by a combination of ion-exchange, hydrophobic interaction, and gel filtration chromatography. The two HPO lyases were separated during the hydrophobic interaction chromatography step, with HPO lyase I ...
Rahali V - - 1999
A comparative study of various procedures for tryptophanyl peptide bond cleavage by BNPS-skatole [2-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-methyl-3-bromoindolenine] was carried out on native and on reduced and alkylated bovine beta-lactoglobulin (BLG). The reaction yield and the composition of the derived products were studied in acetic acid, trifluoroacetic acid (TFA), and ethanol/TFA. For BNPS-skatole removal, ...
Mendonça E H - - 1999
The leghemoglobin from nodules of Crotalaria juncea infected with Rhizobium spp. was purified to homogeneity. The protein was purified after precipitation with 40-80% (NH4)2SO4, and chromatography by anionic exchange and gel filtration. The leghemoglobin has a single component and showed an apparent M(r) of ca. 17,300 and 23,700 determined by ...
Hayashi I - - 1999
1. Subcutaneous injection of sodium deoxycholic acid into the anterior of the back of male ddY mice elicited dose-dependent scratching of the injected site with the forepaws and hindpaws. 2. Up to 100 microg of sodium deoxycholic acid induced no significant increase in vascular permeability at the injection site as ...
Joh T - - 1998
An acid phosphatase with a very high substrate specificity for glucose-1-phosphate was isolated for the first time from mycelia of Pholiota nameko. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 31,000 on gel filtration and 35,000 on SDS-PAGE. The activity was inhibited by Cu2+, Hg2+, molybdate, and tartaric ...
Smales C M - - 1998
Acid-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (acid-PAGE) was used for analysis of lysozyme-estrone glucuronide conjugates. The resolution of the system allowed the identification of individual conjugate families which differed only in the position of acylation or in the number of estrone glucuronide units. Acid-PAGE was a good alternative to denaturing cation-exchange chromatography for ...
Hirsh D J - - 1998
16-Fluoropalmitic acid was synthesized from 16-hydroxypalmitic acid using diethylaminosulfur trifluoride. This monofluorinated fatty acid then was used to make 1-palmitoyl-2-[16-fluoropalmitoyl]-phosphatidylcholine (F-DPPC) as a fluorinated analog of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). Surprisingly, we found that the phase transition temperature (Tm) of F-DPPC occurs near 50 degrees C, approximately 10 degrees C higher than ...
Rijnkels J M - - 1998
Modulatory effects were investigated of extracts of a vegetables-fruit mixture and indole-3-carbinol (I3C) on stearic acid-modulated gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and cytochrome P450-IA activity (EROD). In V79 cells, pure water and hexane extracts of a vegetables-fruit mixture and 25 μg/ml I3C significantly protected against decreased GJIC caused by 10 ...
Ohshima T - - 1998
A transferrin (TF) variant was found in the child in a paternity case by polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing (PAGIF). Further analysis of serum TF disclosed that this rare TF variant was inherited from the alleged father. This TF variant was identified as TF DHR5, being identical with a variant TF ...
Yan J X - - 1998
A simple technique is introduced to identify and quantitate cysteine (Cys) after acid hydrolysis of protein. The technique involves using 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (Fmoc)-based amino acid analysis that recovers all of the amino acids (asparagine and glutamine are recovered in their acidic forms) except tryptophan. Cys adducts with acrylamide and iodoacetamide ...
Sampaio A H - - 1998
A lectin from the red marine alga Ptilota filicina (PFL) was isolated by affinity chromatography on cross-linked guar gum. PFL agglutinated native and papain-treated human erythrocytes with preference for type O erythrocytes. The lectin was inhibited by galactose and its derivatives. The most potent inhibitors were p-Nitrophenyl-N-acetyl-alpha- and beta-D-galactosaminide. Porcine ...
Gafencu A - - 1998
In endothelial cells (EC), caveolae or plasmalemmal vesicles (PVs) represent a structurally and biochemically specialized membrane microdomain. Since few data are available on the biochemical composition of PVs of large vessel endothelium, we have designed experiments to isolate this domain and to analyze its chemical components. A highly purified apical ...
Borkenhagen M - - 1998
Growing neurites are guided through their environment during development and regeneration via different cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) molecular cues. To mimic cell-matrix interactions, a three-dimensional (3D) hydrogel-based ECM equivalent containing a covalently immobilized laminin oligopeptide sequence was designed to facilitate nerve regeneration. This study illustrates that the oligopeptide domain ...
Bedzyk W D - - 1998
The results from molecular mass determinations and amino acid analyses for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), alpha 1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) and PSA-ACT complexed in vitro are reported. Molecular masses for two separate PSA-ACT lots were determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectroscopy (MALDI-MS) coupled to a time-of-flight (TOF) detector. Interestingly, both PSA-ACT ...
Su C - - 1998
A linoleic acid (13R)-lipoxygenase was purified to homogeneity from the culture medium of Gäumannomyces graminis, the take-all fungus, by hydrophobic interaction, cation exchange, lectin affinity, and size-exclusion chromatography. The purified dioxygenase lacked light absorption between 300 and 700 nm. Gel filtration indicated an apparent molecular mass of approximately 135 kDa ...
Nakamura S - - 1998
A recombinant glycosylated cystatin with a polymannosyl chain was added to roe-herring surimi for preventing gel weakening due to autolysis during cooking. Proteolysis of myosin heavy chain in the surimi was effectively suppressed while cooking at 90 degrees C for 20 min after preincubation at 40 degrees C for 30 ...
Hannam C - - 1998
Radiolabeling permits the detection of trace amounts of zwitterionic detergent remaining in extracted hydrophobic or membrane proteins. To develop a sensitive and specific assay for its presence, the commonly used zwitterionic membrane protein detergent 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (Chaps) was synthesized in a tritiated form. Synthesis via 7-ketodeoxycholic acid gave [7-3H]Chaps in 53% ...
Moreira R A - - 1998
A lectin was isolated from the saline extract of Artocarpus incisa seed by affinity chromatography on cross-linked Adenanthera pavonina galactomannan in 0.15 M NaCl. The lectin was also retained in a D-gal-agarose resin and had no requirements for divalent metal cations (Ca2+ and Mn2+) for activity. The lectin contains 2.1% ...
Shiomi K A - - 1998
Two phospholipases A < inf2 (named AP-PLA2-I and II) were purified from the crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) venom. Both enzymes were confirmed to be PLA2s, based on the results that they showed hemolytic activity only in the presence of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and also released fluorescent fatty acids from PC with ...
Iqbal S J - - 1998
Hypophosphatasia is a rare disorder characterised by low levels of serum alkaline phosphatase activity resulting in abnormal phosphorylated metabolites and varying skeletal abnormality. We have followed a patient with adult type hypophosphatasia for over ten years who has also shown a persistently elevated tartrate resistant acid phosphatase activity (TRAP) without ...
Soares A M - - 1998
Bothtrops moojeni snake venom was fractionated on a CM-Sepharose column which was previously equilibrated with 0.05 M ammonium bicarbonate buffer at pH 8.0 and subsequently eluted with an ammonium bicarbonate concentration gradient from 0.05 to 0.5 M at constant pH (8.0) and temperature (25 degrees C). The fraction which eluted ...
Baba Y - - 1998
Capillary affinity gel electrophoresis was applied to sequence-specific and base composition-specific recognition of oligodeoxynucleotides, utilizing the formation of heteroduplexes between a nucleic acid analogue immobilized into the capillary gel and soluble oligodeoxynucleotides with different sequences. Capillary affinity gel electrophoresis using capillaries filled with a conjugated gel of polyacrylamide and a ...
Lee H Y - - 1998
A male-specific protein (MSP) present only in males was identified from the hemolymph of the wax moth, Galleria mellonella L., by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and purified by anion-exchange chromatography. MSP has a native molecular mass of 55 kDa and consists of two 27-kDa subunits. An isoelectric point of MSP ...
LaCelle P T - - 1998
Human involucrin (hINV) is a constituent of the scaffolding of the cornified envelope. In the present study, we describe an in vitro model system to study the role of hINV in scaffold formation. We characterize the in vitro cross-linking of full-length (585 amino acid) recombinant hINV, rhINV(1-585). When reacted with ...
Kleingeist B - - 1998
PURPOSE: In vivo the biotransformation of the imidazobenzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil leads to the formation of two metabolites, flumazenil acid and N-demethylated flumazenil. In the present study we investigated the role of carboxylesterases for the metabolism of flumazenil. METHODS: We purified a non-specific carboxylesterase (EC 3.1.1.1) from human liver microsomes that ...
Wang M S - - 1997
A semidry electrophoretic transfer method was developed for efficient electroblotting of proteins separated by acid-urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (AU-PAGE). Model polypeptides ranging from 1.8 to 21.5 kDa were used to test transfer parameters that included time of transfer, power settings, transfer solutions, and membrane type. Optimized conditions were identified which ...
Hiratsuka A - - 1997
A method was established for simultaneously isolating Theta-class glutathione (GSH) S-transferases (GSTs) T1-1 and T2-2 as homogeneous proteins from rat (r) liver cytosol. The established method of using an 8-aminooctyl Sepharose 4B column to separate rGSTT1-1 from rGSTT2-2 at the final stage of their purification was a modification of the ...
Rykke M - - 1997
Globular structures have been demonstrated in human parotid saliva by transmission electron microscopy and photon correlation spectroscopy. The aim of this study was to fractionate these salivary globular structures for analytical and preparative purposes using a gel-filtration material capable of separating spherical particles up to 300-400 nm in diameter. Freshly ...
Gu P - - 1997
A novel membrane-bound fatty acid synthetase (FAS) associated with the microsomal fraction from the housefly, Musca domestica, was solubilized and purified to homogeneity. The microsomal FAS was solubilized by 0.75 M KCl in phosphate buffer and was purified to homogeneity by the sequential use of ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ...
Lommerse J P - - 1997
The primary structures of 21 novel monoantennary and diantennary N-glycans of the glycoprotein alphaD-hemocyanin (alphaD-Hc) of Helix pomatia have been determined. Outer oligosaccharide fragments (antennae) were released from the glycoprotein by Smith degradation of an alphaD-Hc pronase digest. The major antenna, obtained following HPLC fractionation on Lichrosorb-NH2, was characterized using ...
Reverol L - - 1997
The conjugation of ubiquitin to histones H2A and H2B has been established in higher eukaryotes and has been related to changes in chromatin organization. In Trypanosoma cruzi, no condensation of chromatin occurs during mitosis. In order to determine the presence of histone ubiquitination in T. cruzi epimastigotes, histones were extracted ...
Joshi B - - 1997
A lectin from culture filtrate of Agrobacterium radiobacter NCIM 2443 is purified to homogeneity by ion exchange chromatography on a DEAE cellulose column followed by hydrophobic chromatography on phenyl sepharose and hydroxyapatite column chromatography. The protein (Lectin I) is a monomer of relative molecular mass 37,000, as determined by denaturing ...
Pan S M - - 1997
Manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in the mycelium of Ganoderma microsporum was purified to homogeneity by heat treatment at 70 degrees C, ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-52 anion-exchange chromatography, and Sephacryl SH-200 chromatography. The molecular mass of its native form was estimated to be 98 kD by size-exclusion chromatography. This enzyme is ...
Sela M N - - 1997
The presence of lipoproteins and lipooligosaccharides in Treponema denticola, an oral spirochaete associated with periodontal diseases, was investigated. T. denticola ATCC 35404 and the clinical isolate GM-1 were metabolically labeled with [3H]-cis-9-octadecenoic acid and extracted with the non-ionic detergent Triton X-114. The extract was phase separated, precipitated with acetone and ...
Gulbis B - - 1997
An abnormal hemoglobin fraction was detected on high performance liquid chromatography profile performed for the measurement of glycated hemoglobin in a 55-year-old caucasian patient. The structural and functional studies were performed by standard techniques. Separation of hemoglobins by alkaline electrophoresis and by IEF revealed a slightly more rapid fraction than ...
Dauphin Y - - 1997
Soluble matrices of four Scleractinian skeletons (Madrepora, Favia, Leptastrea and Fungia), were extracted and studied by isoelectric focusing (IEF). The main part of the extracted matrices is acidic. IEF gels are poorly stained or unstained by Coomassie Blue and silver. The positive Alcian Blue staining is indicative of a sulfated ...
Hamed R R - - 1997
Different types of proteoglycans (PGs) from adult worms of Schistosoma haematobium, were sequentially extracted using chaotropic agents under associative conditions (0.5 M GnCl), dissociative conditions (4 M GnCl) and detergents (Triton X-100 and SDS). The extracts were designated F1, F2, F3 and F4, respectively. The highest amount of uronic acid ...
Tandon C D - - 1997
Studies demonstrate that flexor tendons contain loosely associated biomolecules which inhibit its mineralization under physiological conditions. Based upon their molecular weights, these inhibitory biomolecules, could be classified into two categories, having molecular weights less than and greater than 13,000 daltons. The main inhibitory biomolecule was found to be an acidic ...
Tsuji H - - 1997
At least 15 allergenic proteins have been found in soybean using the sera of soybean-sensitive patients with atopic dermatitis [T. Ogawa et al., J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol., 35, 555-565 (1991)]. In the present study, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against Gly m Bd 28K, one of the major allergens of soybean, ...
Li T - - 1997
An aryl aldehyde oxidoreductase from Nocardia sp. strain NRRL 5646 was purified 196-fold by a combination of Mono-Q, Reactive Green 19 agarose affinity, and hydroxyapatite chromatographies. The purified enzyme runs as a single band of 140 kDa on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molecular mass was estimated to be ...
Klöck G - - 1997
Highly purified algin preparations free of adverse contaminants with endotoxins and other mitogens recently became available by a new purification process (Klöck et al., Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 1994, 40, 638-643). An advantage of this purification protocol is that it can be applied to alginates with various ratios of mannuronic acid ...
Hertel S C - - 1997
A protein preparation from the mycelium of the tropical pathogenic fungus Botryodiplodia theobromae revealed a novel peptidase activity. This enzyme was capable of cleaving conjugates of jasmonic acid with alpha-amino acids. The protein was enriched 108-fold by gel filtration, ion exchange and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The enzyme was found to ...
Lee K K - - 1997
An extracellular lethal toxin produced by Vibrio alginolyticus strain Swy originally isolated from diseased kuruma prawn(Penaeus japonicus) was partially purified by Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography with hydrophobic interaction (Phenyl Sepharose Hig hPerformance) chromatography and gel filtration columns. The toxin is an alkaline serine protease, inhibited by phenyl-methylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF),and showed ...
Basu S - - 1997
Heparin inhibitable lectins are physiologically important because of their interactions with extracellular matrix and with other cell surface glycoconjugates. However, due to the unstable nature of these animal lectins, it becomes necessary to purify them in the shortest possible time. In the present study, a chromatographic procedure was developed to ...
Kabuki T - - 1997
A bacteriocin (Reutericin 6) produced by Lactobacillus reuteri LA6, was purified by hydrophobic chromatography from the modified MRS broth (D'-MRS) with 6180-fold increase in specific activity with 14% recovery. The molecular weight of reutericin 6 was determined to be 2.7 kDa by SDS-PAGE and ESI-MS. By amino acid analysis, reutericin ...
Timanova A M - - 1997
A 12-kDa fatty-acid-binding protein was purified to homogeneity from Ascaris suum reproductive tissue as confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. N-terminal amino-acid-sequence analysis of the protein revealed its identity with the ABA-1 allergen protein isolated from A. suum pseudocoelomic fluid. Fatty-acid binding by the protein from A. suum reproductive ...
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