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Gorokhovik Ioulia - - 2011
Ketoanilides containing alkyl side chains were readily cyclized to 3-hydroxy-2-oxindoles or spirooxindoles by a single or double intramolecular Friedel-Crafts reaction in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) at room temperature or at 45 °C. α-Iminocarboxamides, generated in situ from ketoamides, cyclized similarly to 3-aminooxindoles under identical conditions.
Inoue Satoki - - 2011
PURPOSE: Previous studies have demonstrated that amino acid infusions exert enhanced thermogenic effects during general anesthesia. This study was conducted to investigate whether amino acid infusions started after development of intraoperative core hypothermia can accelerate rewarming. METHODS: Twenty-two patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery were included in this study. When ...
Mercanti D J - - 2012
Temperate bacteriophages ф iLp84 and ф iLp1308, previously isolated from mitomycin C-induction of Lactobacillus paracasei strains 84 and CNRZ1308, respectively, were tested for their resistance to several physical and chemical treatments applied in dairy industry. Long-term survival at 4 °C, -20 °C and -80 °C, resistance to either thermal treatments of 63 °C, 72 °C and 90 °C, ...
Arai Koichiro - - 2011
Novel 2'-O-modified oligoribonucleotides with alkoxymethyl skeletons were synthesized, and their ability to hybridize complementary nucleic acids and their nuclease resistance were analyzed. The hybridization ability was improved by introducing electron-withdrawing groups and the increases in melting temperature (T(m) value) was particularly high for chlorine-substituted compounds. Nuclease resistance of these 2'-O-alkoxymethylated ...
Diedericks Danie - - 2011
Various ionic liquids have been identified as effective pretreatment solvents that can enhance the cellulose digestibility of lignocellulose by removing lignin, one of the main factors contributing to the recalcitrant nature of lignocellulose. 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate ([BMiM]MeSO(4) ) is a potential delignification reagent, hence its application as a pretreatment solvent for ...
Buettner Karin - - 2011
The thermostability of microbial transglutaminase (MTG) of Streptomyces mobaraensis was further improved by saturation mutagenesis and DNA-shuffling. High-throughput screening was used to identify clones with increased thermostability at 55°C. Saturation mutagenesis was performed at seven "hot spots", previously evolved by random mutagenesis. Mutations at four positions (2, 23, 269, and ...
Witko Ewelina M - - 2011
The room temperature and cryogenic terahertz (THz) spectra (10-95 cm(-1)) of l-tartaric acid and dl-tartaric acid were investigated. At 293 K, the l-tartaric acid spectrum showed four absorption features at 36.4, 61.6, 78.7, and 87.3 cm(-1) in the experimental spectrum. Once cooled to 78 K, these features narrowed and shifted ...
Ray Devalina - - 2011
A convenient, mild and environment-friendly dehydration reaction of fructose in ionic liquid using phosphorous pentoxide (P(2)O(5)) has been investigated. The acidic nature of P(2)O(5) along with its hygroscopic properties has been successfully utilized to afford 81.2% yield of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) at 50°C in 60mins. Phosphoric acid yielded remarkably less 5-HMF ...
Park Jihyun J Dept of Food and Nutrition, Chung-Ang Univ, Anseoung-si Gyeonggi-do 456-756, - - 2011
Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.) is widely used as a healthy vegetable having antitumor-promoting activity and reducing or preventing chronic disease. Paprika has been mostly consumed as fresh fruit, and as food colorants such as oleoresin or pigment powder. In this study, pickled paprika was produced and its quality characteristics were ...
Inouchi Toshifumi - - 2011
T-shaped π-conjugated molecules with an N-methyl-benzimidazole junction have been synthesized and their acid-responsive photophysical properties owing to the change in the π-conjugation system are discussed. T-shaped π-conjugated molecules consist of two orthogonal π-conjugated systems including a phenyl thiophene extended from the 2-position and alkyl phenylenes connected through various π-spacers from ...
Andic S - - 2011
Effects of vacuum packaging and frozen storage were studied on the formation of free fatty acids (FFAs), volatile compounds and microbial counts of Motal cheese samples stored for a period of 180 days. The FFA concentration of Motal cheese samples increased throughout the storage period of 180 days. However, the ...
Ayyash M M - - 2011
The proteolytic and ACE inhibitory activities of low-moisture Mozzarella cheese (LMMC) as affected by partial substitution of NaCl with KCl were investigated. Experimental LMMC were made and salted with 4 salt mixtures: NaCl only (control), 3NaCl:1KCl, 1NaCl:1KCl, and 1NaCl:3KCl, and then proteolytic activity and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity were determined. ...
Ayyash M M - - 2011
The effect of NaCl substitution with KCl on chemical composition, organic acids profile, soluble calcium, and functionality of low-moisture Mozzarella cheese (LMMC) was investigated. Functionality (meltability and browning), organic acids profile, and chemical composition were determined. Chemical composition showed no significant difference between experimental cheeses at same storage period, and ...
Liu Chen - - 2011
This paper describes the synthesis and physico-mechanical properties of bioplastics prepared from methyl ω-hydroxytetradecanoic acid (Me-ω-OHC14), a new monomer available by a fermentation process using an engineered Candida tropicalis strain. Melt-condensation experiments were conducted using titanium tetraisopropoxide (Ti[OiPr]4) as catalyst in a two stage polymerization (2 h at 200 oC ...
Wolfenden Richard V - - 2011
Because the heat of activation of the "neutral" (or uncatalyzed) hydrolysis of the neuro-transmitter acetylcholine exceeds the heats of activation of the acid- and base-catalyzed reactions, experiments at elevated temperatures permit evaluation of the rate constant and thermodynamic activation parameters of the neutral reaction in water at ordinary temperatures. At ...
Chang Chun-Sheng - - 2011
Isooctane was the best reaction medium for the enantioselective esterification of (R,S)-2-methylalkanoic acid with n-butanol using Carica papaya lipase as catalyst. Increasing linear alkyl-chain length of racemic 2-methylalkanoic acids from ethyl to hexyl increased the enantioselectivity (E) from 2.1 to 98.2 for the esterification of racemic 2-methylalkanoic acids with n-butanol ...
Alam Raquibul - - 2011
The oxidation of sulphidic mine tailings and consequent acid generation poses challenges for the environment. Accurate and precise analysis of sulphur content is necessary for impact assessment and management of mine tailings. Here, the authors aim at developing a rapid and easy digestion procedure, which may analyse and measure the ...
Lin Meng-Hsuan - - 2011
Abstract In the present study, Listeria monocytogenes BCRC 14846 and Salmonella Typhimurium BCRC 10747 were subjected to acid adaptation at pH 5.5 at 37°C for 1 and 4 h, respectively. The viability of the acid-adapted cells of test organisms exposed to Clidox-S, a chlorine-containing disinfectant, and Quatricide, a quaternary ammonium compound, ...
Gardner Manuela N - - 2011
This study investigated the effects of preventing bulk flow from the right ventricle to the body via the left aorta (LAo; right to left shunt, R→L) on acid-base status in alligators following feeding, during long-term fasting and a cold temperature exposure. Post-feeding pHv and [Formula: see text] were not significantly ...
Baserisalehi Majid - - 2011
The chemotactic behaviour of Campylobacter strains was determined in the presence of different amino acids at two temperatures (37 °C and 42 °C). Two strains of catalase positive (Campylobacter jejuni) and negative (Campylobacter sputurum) Campylobacter were isolated from river water in Tonekabon, Iran and identified by phenotyping and 16srRNA Gene sequencing methods. ...
Koštál Vladimír - - 2011
Overwintering adults of Pyrrhocoris apterus do not tolerate freezing of their body fluids and rely on a supercooling strategy and seasonal accumulation of polyols to survive at subzero body temperatures. We sampled the adults monthly in the field during the cold season 2008-2009 and found active thermal hysteresis factors (THFs) ...
Mallakpour Shadpour - - 2011
Four derivatives of N-trimellitylimido-L: -amino acid (4a-4d) were prepared by the reaction of trimellitic anhydride (1) with the L: -amino acids (2a-2d) in acetic acid as diacid monomers and were used with the aim to obtain a new family of amino acid based poly(ester-imide)s (PEI)s. The polymerization was performed by ...
Volzone Cristina - - 2011
Modified kaolin clays were used as adsorbents for SO(2) gas adsorptions. The clays were heated up to 900 °C previous to acid treatments with 0.5 N sulfuric acid solutions at boiling temperature during different times up to 1440 min. Equilibrium adsorption at 25 °C and 0.1 MPa was carried out by using a volumetric apparatus. ...
Huang Hui-Kai - - 2011
A heat-labile phenolic acid decarboxylase from Candida guilliermondii (an anamorph of Pichia guilliermondii) was purified to homogeneity by simple successive column chromatography within 3 days. The molecular mass was 20 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and 36 kDa by gel-filtration chromatography, suggesting that the purified enzyme is a homodimer. The optimal ...
Qin Ying - - 2011
Protection of the small intestine from mucosal injury induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs including acetylsalicylic acid is a critical issue in the field of gastroenterology. Polaprezinc an anti-ulcer drug, consisting of zinc and L-carnosine, provides gastric mucosal protection against various irritants. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of ...
Strandman Satu - - 2011
Amphiphilic star-shaped oligo(ethylene glycol)s with a hydrophobic bile acid core and varying number of hydrophilic arms have been made. Their thermal behavior in aqueous solutions depends on the number rather than the length of the arms. The two-armed lithocholate derivative showed the strongest tendency for association and exhibited the lowest ...
Giesy Timothy J - - 2011
The mixture of isobutyric acid and water has a consolute point at a temperature of 25.75 °C and mole fraction 0.1148 isobutyric acid. When charcoal is added to this mixture, the concentration of isobutyric acid is reduced by adsorption. We have measured the action of charcoal on solutions of isobutyric ...
Park Min Hee MH Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Seoul Natl. Univ. of Science and Technology, Seoul 139-743, - - 2011
Perilla seeds have more than 60% of α-linolenic acid, one of omega-3 essential fatty acids. Headspace volatiles and physicochemical properties including color, fluorescence intensity, and the oxidation products in perilla oil (PO) from perilla seeds roasted at different conditions were analyzed. Roasting temperature was 150, 170, 190, and 210°C, and ...
Zhang Pengfei - - 2011
Dynamic processes during wet-heat treatment of individual spores of Bacillus cereus, Bacillus megaterium, and Bacillus subtilis at 80 to 90°C were investigated using dual-trap Raman spectroscopy, differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy, and nucleic acid stain (SYTO 16) fluorescence microscopy. During spore wet-heat treatment, while the spores' 1:1 chelate of Ca(2+) ...
Wu She-Ching SC Department of Food Science, National Chiayi University, No. 300 Syuefu Rd., Chiayi City 60004, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2011
Accumulation of bioactive compounds, during developmental stages of Graptopetalum paraguayense E. Walther, was investigated between 30 and 90days as a function of physiological maturity. Three distinct phases were defined: immature phase (30days), intermediate developmental phase (30-60days), and maturation phase (60-90days). Gallic acid and quercetin, antioxidative bioactive compounds, were identified as ...
Pan Xiao - - 2011
Novel highly functional biobased epoxy compounds, epoxidized sucrose esters of fatty acids (ESEFAs), were crosslinked with a liquid cycloaliphatic anhydride to prepare polyester thermosets. The degree of cure or conversion was studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and the sol content of the thermosets was determined using solvent extraction. The ...
Ogawa N - - 2011
The TES ether of the C6-hydroxy derivative of naturally occurring epi-jasmonic acid (epi-JA) was designed as epimerization-free equivalent of epi-JA. The TES ether was synthesized from (1R,4S)-4-hydroxycyclopent-2-enyl acetate in 13 steps. The acid part of the ether was activated with ClCO(2)Bu( i ) and subjected to condensation with L: -amino ...
Conner Frederick A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to compare the microleakage of a new self-etch sealant (Enamel Loc), with and without acid etching, to a traditional sealant (UltraSeal XT Plus) with acid etching in occlusal fissures. The self-etch sealant had significantly more microleakage than the traditional sealant or the self-etch sealant ...
Yan Jinyong - - 2011
Novel modification methods for lipase biocatalysts effective in hydrolysis of fish oil for enrichment of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were described. Based on conventional immobilization in single aqueous medium, immobilization of lipase in two phase medium composed of buffer and octane was employed. Furthermore, immobilization (in single aqueous or in ...
Motoigi Taro - - 2011
Shewanella amazonensis strain SB2B(T) is an isolate from shallow-water marine sediments derived from the Amazon River delta. This bacterium contained a long-chain polyunsaturated hydrocarbon, all-cis -3,6,9,12,16,19,22,25,28 hentriacontanonaene (C31:9), constituting 1-2% of the total fatty acid methyl ester and hydrocarbon fraction, which was produced dependently of decreased growth temperature. Analysis of ...
Li Yao Olive - - 2011
Folic acid fortification of cereal-grain products has markedly improved folate status and reduced the risks of neural tube defects and other chronic diseases in the populations participating in fortification programs. To more broadly extend its benefit to affected populations in developing countries, it would seem logical to incorporate folic acid ...
Mulla Karimulla - - 2011
Two phenylboronic acid based saccharide sensors bearing conjugated oligomer fluorophores with linear and cruciform π-frameworks were synthesized in a modular approach utilizing a Cu-catalyzed alkyne azide cycloaddition (click) reaction. The cruciform fluorophore showed excellent saccharide sensing function under physiological conditions in the mM range, whereas the linear fluorophore gave very ...
Fukuoka Tokuma - - 2011
Utilization of excess glycerol supplies derived from the burgeoning biodiesel industry has recently become very important. Glyceric acid (GA) is one of the most promising glycerol derivatives, and it is abundantly obtained from glycerol by a bioprocess using acetic acid bacteria. In this study, a novel branched-type poly(lactic acid) (PLA) ...
Wei Yan-Ping - - 2011
Common synthetic dyes, e.g., Weak Acid Pink Red B (APRB, C.I. 18073), Mordant Blue 9 (MB, C.I.14855) and Acid Brilliant Blue 6B (ABB6B, C.I. 42660), can be removed from water by in situ hybridization with CaCO(3), BaSO(4) and Ca(3)(PO(4))(2) and the resulting hybrids thus prepared used as plastic colorants. All ...
Teległów Aneta - - 2011
This is the first report on the effects of a single bout of swimming to exhaustion in cold water on rat erythrocyte deformability, aggregation and fatty acid composition in erythrocyte membranes. The results indicate that there was a significant decrease in body temperature of experimental rats swimming in water at ...
Boddien Albert - - 2011
Formic acid, containing 4.4 wt% of hydrogen, is a non-toxic liquid at ambient temperature and therefore an ideal candidate as potential hydrogen storage material. Formic acid can be generated via catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 or bicarbonate in the presence of an amine with suitable ruthenium catalysts. In addition selective dehydrogenation ...
Kobayashi Takashi - - 2011
Commercially available conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of two main isomers. Fractionation of the two isomers was performed by a lipase-catalyzed esterification of CLA with L-menthol. In this study, a GC analytical method was developed to simultaneously determine the degree of esterification and fatty acid (FA) compositions of ...
Schmitz Gudrun - - 2010
When grown under short-day conditions at low light, leaves of an Arabidopsis thaliana (accession Col-0) mutant with defects in the two genes encoding plastid ATP/ADP antiporters (so-called ntt1-2 null mutants) display a variety of physiological changes. These include the formation of necrotic lesions and the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in ...
Quelas Juan Ignacio - - 2010
Exopolysaccharide (EPS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Bradyrhizobium japonicum are important for infection and nodulation of soybean (Glycine max), although their roles are not completely understood. To better understand this, we constructed mutants in B. japonicum USDA 110 impaired in galactose or galacturonic acid incorporation into the EPS without affecting the ...
Cañas Rafael A - - 2010
Nitrogen (N) metabolism was characterized in the developing ear of glutamine synthetase deficient mutants (gln1-3, gln1-4 and gln1-3/gln1-4) of maize exhibiting a reduction in kernel yield. During the grain-filling period, the metabolite contents, enzyme activities and steady-state levels of transcripts for marker genes of amino acid synthesis and interconversion were ...
Babu Mohan - - 2010
Escherichia coli YchM is a member of the SLC26 (SulP) family of anion transporters with an N-terminal membrane domain and a C-terminal cytoplasmic STAS domain. Mutations in human members of the SLC26 family, including their STAS domain, are linked to a number of inherited diseases. Herein, we describe the high-resolution ...
Dai Fei - - 2010
The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in China is considered to be one of the original centers of cultivated barley. At present, little is known about the phytase activity (Phy) or phytic acid content (PA) in grains of Tibetan annual wild barley. Phy and PA were determined in grains of 135 wild and ...
Stumpe Michael - - 2010
• Two cDNAs encoding allene oxide cyclases (PpAOC1, PpAOC2), key enzymes in the formation of jasmonic acid (JA) and its precursor (9S,13S)-12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (cis-(+)-OPDA), were isolated from the moss Physcomitrella patens. • Recombinant PpAOC1 and PpAOC2 show substrate specificity against the allene oxide derived from 13-hydroperoxy linolenic acid (13-HPOTE); PpAOC2 ...
Kanungpean Doungjit - - 2011
Campylobacter jejuni reportedly exhibits chemotactic behavior towards fucose, several amino acids and organic acids, mucin and bile. The chemotaxis of C. jejuni has mainly been studied using the chemical-in-plug chemotaxis assay. In this study, a nonchemotactic mutant (cheY mutant) and nonmotile mutant (flhA mutant) were constructed and used as negative ...
Choi Mun Hwan - - 2011
Polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHAs) and rhamnolipids considered as biotechnologically important compounds are simultaneously produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Both are synthesized from common precursors, (R)-3-hydroxyfatty acids. To find the probable metabolic relationship between their syntheses, we investigated the PHA and rhamnolipids production in four pha (phaC1, phaC2, phaZ, and phaG), four rhl ...
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