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Mita Raja - - 2010
Malignant gliomas (MG) are highly infiltrative tumors that consistently recur despite aggressive treatment. Brain fatty acid-binding protein (FABP7), which binds docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA), localizes to sites of tumor infiltration and is associated with a poor prognosis in MG. Manipulation of FABP7 expression in MG cell lines ...
Li Yuanyou - - 2010
Biosynthesis of the highly biologically active long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic (ARA), eicosapentaenoic (EPA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids, in vertebrates requires the introduction of up to three double bonds catalyzed by fatty acyl desaturases (Fad). Synthesis of ARA is achieved by Δ6 desaturation of 182n - 6 to produce 183n ...
Zhang Yong - - 2011
We examined the effects and mechanisms of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) administration on mitochondrial morphology and function in an in vitro steatotic hepatocyte model created using HepG2 cells. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses were performed to determine the expression levels of mitofusin 2 (Mfn2), and ...
Tishinsky Justine M - - 2011
Adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing protein secreted from adipose tissue, may be modulated by dietary fatty acids, although the mechanism is not fully known. Our objective was to investigate the effect of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on adiponectin in cultured human adipocytes, and to elucidate the role of ...
Mas Emilie - - 2010
Omega-3 (omega3) fatty acids, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), protect against cardiovascular disease. Despite these benefits, concern remains that omega3 fatty acids may increase lipid peroxidation. It has previously been shown that urinary F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs) were reduced following omega3 fatty acid supplementation in humans. It is now ...
Martin Julie M - - 2010
Supplementation of enteral nutritional formulas and parenteral nutrition lipid emulsions with omega-3 fatty acids is a recent area of research in patients with critical illness. It is hypothesized that omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce inflammation in critically ill patients, particularly those with sepsis and acute lung injury. The objective ...
Dyerberg J - - 2010
The use of marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) as supplements has prompted the development of concentrated formulations to overcome compliance problems. The present study compares three concentrated preparations - ethyl esters, free fatty acids and re-esterified triglycerides - with placebo oil in a double-blinded design, and with fish ...
Wilding Timothy J - - 2010
RNA editing of kainate receptor subunits at the Q/R site determines their susceptibility to inhibition by cis-unsaturated fatty acids as well as block by cytoplasmic polyamines. Channels comprised of unedited (Q) subunits are strongly blocked by polyamines, but insensitive to fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid ...
Kurmis Rochelle - - 2010
The aim of this study is to review the current evidence for immunonutrition use in patients with burn injury. Nutrients of interest included glutamine, arginine, and omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil). A literature review was conducted to identify studies that evaluated the use of immunonutrients in pediatric and adult patients ...
Shibutani Shinya S Laboratory of Chemical Biology, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA. - - 2010
Ingestion of aristolochic acids (AA) contained in herbal remedies results in aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN), which is characterized by chronic renal failure, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and urothelial cancer. AA I and AA II, primary components in AA, have similar genotoxic potential, whereas only AA I shows severe renal toxicity in rodents. ...
Kilari Anitha S - - 2010
to examine the levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in both plasma and erythrocytes of maternal and cord blood as well as in breast milk of mothers of preterm babies. a total of 63 mothers of preterm babies were recruited from the Bharati Medical Hospital, Pune, India. ...
Di Minno Matteo Nicola Dario - - 2010
In the 1980s, observational retrospective studies showed an inverse relation between coronary heart disease (CHD) and consumption of fish containing fatty acids that belong to the omega (ω)-3 family. Large case-control studies and prospective intervention trials consistently showed that ω-3 fatty acids supplementation lowers fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden ...
Salm Paul - - 2011
A method for the simultaneous quantification of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in human plasma by HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was developed and validated. Free and esterified forms of fatty acids were hydrolysed from plasma samples in the presence of an internal standard and subjected ...
Schweigert F J - - 2011
Micronutrients play an important role in function and health maintenance for the eye. Especially lutein, zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids perform remarkable functions: lutein together with zeaxanthin forms the macular pigment, these carotenoids filter out the damaging blue light component from the sunlight as well as the ultraviolet light which ...
Jacques Caroline - - 2011
To assess the long-term effect on visual development of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) intake during gestation. Using visual evoked potentials (VEPs), the long-term effects on visual development were evaluated in 136 school-age Inuit children exposed to high levels of n-3 PUFAs during gestation. VEP protocols using color and ...
Arnold Cosima - - 2010
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) protect against cardiovascular disease by largely unknown mechanisms. We tested the hypothesis that EPA and DHA may compete with arachidonic acid (AA) for the conversion by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, resulting in the formation of alternative, physiologically active, metabolites. Renal and hepatic microsomes, ...
Kulkarni Asmita - - 2011
The present study examines the associations of folic acid, vitamin B(12) and omega-3 fatty acids and increased homocysteine which are implicated in the pathology of pre-eclampsia. 49 Pre-eclamptic and 57 normotensive women were recruited at Bharati hospital, Pune, India. Plasma folate, vitamin B(12), homocysteine and erythrocyte omega-3 and omega-6 fatty ...
Kato Ikuko - - 2010
Inconsistent observations in epidemiologic studies on the association between total fat intake and colorectal cancer may be ascribed to opposing effects of individual fatty acids and the presence of other dietary constituents that modify luminal or systemic lipid exposure. We analyzed the data from a population-based case-control study that included ...
Zhang Wenting - - 2010
Current available therapies for neonatal hypoxia/ischemia (H/I) brain injury are rather limited. Here, we investigated the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on brain damage and long-term neurological function after H/I in neonates. Female rats were treated with or without an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids-enriched diet from the second day ...
Nagao Toshihiro - - 2011
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich oil has been industrially produced by selective hydrolysis of tuna oil with a lipase that acts weakly on DHA. The free fatty acids (FFAs) generated in this process as by-products contain a high DHA concentration (46wt%) but are treated as industrial waste. This study attempted to reuse ...
Krajewska Barbara - - 2011
In this work, we studied the behaviours of urease in the presence of l-ascorbic acid (AA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) in different conditions. The inactivations of urease were carried out in an unbuffered and buffered system. We show that in the unbuffered system AA inactivated urease in a biphasic manner ...
Szlinder-Richert J - - 2010
The fat content and fatty-acid profiles of herring, Clupea harengus membras, from the southern Baltic Sea varied depending on when (fishing season) and where (fishing grounds) the fish were caught as well as on their size and sex. The fat, protein and dry matter content and the fatty-acid profiles were ...
Scorza F A - - 2010
People with epilepsy have an increased risk of dying prematurely and the most common epilepsy-related category of death is sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). SUDEP is mainly a problem for patients with chronic uncontrolled epilepsy. The ultimate goal of research in SUDEP is to develop new methods to prevent ...
Dyall Simon C - - 2010
Retinoic acid receptors (RARs), retinoid X receptors (RXRs), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors involved in many cellular processes, such as learning and memory. RAR and RXR mRNA levels decrease with ageing, and the decreases can be reversed by retinoic acid treatment, which also alleviates age-related memory deficits. ...
Defilippis Andrew Paul - - 2010
Major dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids are fish containing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), as well as nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils containing α-linolenic acid (ALA). Omega-3 fatty acids, especially those derived from marine sources, may be a useful tool for the primary and secondary prevention of ...
Freeman Lisa M - - 2010
There is a large body of evidence supporting beneficial effects of omega-3 fatty acids for both primary and secondary prevention of cardiac disease in people. However, evidence is increasing for the use of omega-3 fatty acids in dogs with cardiac disease as well. Omega-3 fatty acids' anti-inflammatory and anti-arrhythmic effects ...
Lu Dah-Yuu - - 2010
Accumulating evidence suggests that the pathophysiology of depression might be associated with neuroinflammation, which could be attenuated by pharmacological treatment for depression. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are anti-inflammatory and exert antidepressant effects. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular mechanisms through which docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the ...
Sethom M M - - 2010
The study was aimed to examine membrane polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) profile in patients with schizophrenia (SZ) before and after antipsychotic medication and test their association with psychopathology. Erythrocyte membrane fatty acids were analysed by gas chromatography in 36 drug-free patients with SZ and 36 controls. Psychometric evaluation and blood ...
Morisseau Christophe - - 2010
Beneficial physiological effects of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are widely accepted but the mechanism(s) by which these fatty acids act remains unclear. Herein, we report the presence, distribution, and regulation of the levels of n-3 epoxy-fatty acids by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) and a direct antinociceptive role of n-3 ...
Stables Melanie J - - 2011
Originally regarded as just membrane constituents and energy storing molecules, lipids are now recognised as potent signalling molecules that regulate a multitude of cellular responses via receptor-mediated pathways, including cell growth and death, and inflammation/infection. Derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and ...
Saravanan Palaniappan - - 2010
Much evidence shows that the marine omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid have beneficial effects in various cardiac disorders, and their use is recommended in guidelines for management of patients after myocardial infarction. However, questions have been raised about their usefulness alongside optimum medical therapies with agents proven ...
Smith Katrina L - - 2010
The consumption of fish and shrimp containing omega-3 fatty acids can result in protective health effects including a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and diabetes. These protective effects may be decreased by the presence of mercury in the muscle tissue of fish and shellfish. Mercury can increase the risk ...
Harauma Akiko - - 2010
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supply to the fetal brain depends upon the dam's dietary intake of n-3 fats. In this study, we measured the incorporation of DHA into the fetal brain and liver in n-3 fatty acid deficient (0.1% alpha-linolenate) mice upon switching to an n-3 fatty acid adequate (2.1% alpha-linolenate) ...
Gao Fei F Brain Physiology and Metabolism Section, National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2010
Isotope feeding studies report a wide range of conversion fractions of dietary shorter-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) to long-chain PUFAs, which limits assessing nutritional requirements and organ effects of arachidonic (AA, 20:4n-6) and docosahexaenoic (DHA, 22:6n-3) acids. In this study, whole-body (largely liver) steady-state conversion coefficients and rates of circulating ...
Shapiro Haim - - 2011
The pharmacologic approach to disease management has not (as of yet) demonstrated safety and efficacy in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The current article introduces the long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-ω3s), and reviews the evidence and mechanisms by which their increased intake or supplementation may ameliorate NAFLD. A literature ...
Higashihara Eiji - - 2010
To study the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure in prostate cancer patients who underwent prostatectomy. Sixty-two prostate cancer patients whose PSA levels were less than 0.2 ng/ml 3 months after surgery were randomized to either an EPA group (n=32) or a control group (n=30). EPA ...
Simopoulos Artemis P - - 2010
The tissue composition of polyunsaturated fatty acids is important to health and depends on both dietary intake and metabolism controlled by genetic polymorphisms that should be taken into consideration in the determination of nutritional requirements. Therefore at the same dietary intake of linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), their ...
McCusker Meagen M - - 2010
Linoleic acid (18:2omega6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3omega3) represent the parent fats of the two main classes of polyunsaturated fatty acids: the omega-6 (n-6) and the omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, respectively. Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid both give rise to other long-chain fatty acid derivatives, including gamma-linolenic acid and arachidonic acid ...
Makris Gregory C - - 2010
The available therapeutic options for sepsis are restricted by their effectiveness and high cost. Emerging preliminary data suggest that statins and omega-3 fatty acids (OM3FA) may be associated with improved outcomes in terms of prevention and treatment of sepsis. We sought to review the current evidence on the effectiveness of ...
Kruger M C - - 2010
Evidence presented over the past 20 years has shown that long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), especially the n-3 fatty acids such as eicospentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are beneficial for bone health. Some studies in humans indicate that LCPUFAs can increase bone formation, affect peak bone mass in ...
Brand Annette - - 2010
Diminished levels of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3), the major fatty acid (FA) synthesized from alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3), have been implicated in functional impairment in the developing and adult brain. We have now examined the changes in phospholipid (PL) molecular species in the developing postnatal cortex, a region recently shown to be ...
Koutsostathis Stefanos - - 2010
In an attempt to define the efficacy of intravenously administered n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in an animal model of lethal trauma following femur fracture, an intravenous solution of eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) - one n-3 PUFA - was administered in 25 rabbits; 13 were controls and 12 were treated with ...
Saito Hiroaki - - 2010
Neutral and polar lipids in the soft parts of a gastropod species, Ifremeria nautilei, collected from deep-sea hydrothermal vents, were examined to assess the trophic relationships in hydrothermal vents. The vent gastropod obtains many of its lipids from symbiotic chemosynthetic microorganisms. The major polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) both in the ...
Boutros Cherif - - 2010
Omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acids have been clinically and experimentally associated with the amelioration of chronic and acute inflammation; however, the mechanisms for these observations have not been well defined. During the past decade, laboratories of nutrition and inflammation have demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory activities of omega-3 fatty acids occur at ...
Ebbesson Sven O E SO Norton Sound Health Corporation, Nome, AK, USA. - - 2010
Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) is associated with a reduction in deaths from coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, and sudden death. Although these FAs were originally thought to be antiatherosclerotic, recent evidence suggests that their benefits are related to reducing risk for ventricular arrhythmia and that this may be mediated ...
Jin Xing-Ji - - 2010
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to play important roles in various physiological and pathological processes. Recent studies have shown that some omega-3 (omega-3) PUFAs, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and dodecahexaenoic acid (DHA), have protective effects on acute and chronic UV-induced changes. However, the effects of other omega-3 PUFAs ...
Kim Eun Ju - - 2010
We investigated the alterations of major fatty acid components in epidermis by natural aging and photoaging processes, and by acute ultraviolet (UV) irradiation in human skin. Interestingly, we found that 11,14,17-eicosatrienoic acid (ETA), which is one of the omega-3 polyunsaturated acids, was significantly increased in photoaged human epidermis in vivo ...
Khairallah Ramzi J - - 2010
Treatment with the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) exerts cardioprotective effects, and suppresses Ca2+-induced opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP). These effects are associated with increased DHA and EPA, and lower arachidonic acid (ARA) in cardiac phospholipids. While clinical studies suggest ...
Kumosani Taha A - - 2011
Omega-3 fatty acids were used in the treatment of psychiatric diseases such as bipolar disorder. Na( +), K(+)-ATPase is also a well-known target for these fatty acids. In this study, we investigated the impact of cod-liver oil (CLO), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on Na(+), K(+)-ATPase, cholinesterase activities, ...
Fassett Robert G - - 2010
After more than 25 years of published investigation, including randomized controlled trials, the role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the treatment of kidney disease remains unclear. In vitro and in vivo experimental studies support the efficacy of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on inflammatory pathways involved with the progression of ...
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