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Results 401 - 450 of 1874
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Feeney Lauren - - 2012
Amino acid sequence variants are defined as unintended amino acid sequence changes that contribute to product variation with potential impact to product safety, immunogenicity and efficacy. Therefore, it is important to understand the propensity for sequence variant (SV) formation during the production of recombinant proteins for therapeutic use. During the ...
Bauer Julia - - 2012
Nature in silico: Virtual screening using validated pharmacophore models identified lichen depsides and depsidones as potential inhibitors of mPGES-1, an emerging target for NSAIDs. Evaluation of the virtual hits in a cell-free assay revealed physodic acid and perlatolic acid as potent inhibitors of mPGES-1 (IC(50) = 0.4 and 0.43 μM, ...
Chabot Sophie - - 2012
There are a number of stigmas attached to the development of antitumor drugs such as their safe and efficient delivery into target cells or tissues.  The one such case is that of macromolecules, such as nucleic acids where it poses severe limits. From this point of view, electro-pulsation proves to ...
Huang Baozhan - - 2012
A series of optical amino acid diosgenyl esters and diosgenyl salicylate conjugates were designed and synthesized to develop new anticancer and anti-inflammatory agents. The analogue 9c that contains an 6-aminohexanoic acid residue at C-3 of diosgenin exhibits higher potency against all three tumor cell lines with IC(50) values ranging from ...
Djukić-Vuković Aleksandra P - - 2012
In this study, lactic acid and biomass production on liquid distillery stillage from bioethanol production with Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 7469 was studied. The cells were immobilized onto zeolite, a microporous aluminosilicate mineral and the lactic acid production with free and immobilized cells was compared. The immobilization allowed simple cell separation ...
Dumitrache Alexandru - - 2013
The importance of bacterial adherence has been acknowledged in microbial lignocellulose conversion studies; however, few reports have described the function and structure of biofilms supported by cellulosic substrates. We investigated the organization, dynamic formation, and carbon flow associated with biofilms of the obligately anaerobic cellulolytic bacterium Clostridium thermocellum 27405. Using ...
Marashi Seyed Kamran Foad - - 2012
Wastewater of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) from a petrochemical plant was examined in a membrane-less single chamber microbial fuel cell for the first time. Time course of voltage during the cell operation cycle had two steady phases, which refers to the fact that metabolism of microorganisms was shifted from highly ...
St-Denis Corinne - - 2012
High plasma concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA) and insulin are common features in atherosclerotic patients with type 2 diabetes. FFA, according to their nature, can have various effects on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). These cells play important roles throughout atherosclerosis pathogenesis, from plaque development to plaque instability. Thus, ...
González-Paz Rodolfo J - - 2012
For tissue engineering purpose biopolymer chondroitin sulfate (CS), one of the major components of cartilage and bone extracellular matrix, was immobilized onto the surface of amino-functionalized polyurethane (PU) films derived from naturally occurring oleic and 10-undecenoic acids. The amino-functionalized PUs were prepared by aminolysis with 1,6-hexamethylenediamine of synthesized PUs containing ...
Briolay Anne - - 2012
Lipid composition and fatty acid analysis of the major classes of membrane phospholipids were determined during myogenic differentiation of L6 skeletal muscle cells. The cholesterol to glycerophospholipids ratio decreased during differentiation, both in total (TM) and detergent-resistant membranes (DRM). Analyses of the membrane lipids showed that differentiation had a major ...
Kim Songhee H - - 2012
We show here that NdgR, a known transcriptional activator of isopropylmalate dehydratase in actinomycetes, may have other targets in the cell. An in-frame deletion mutant of ndgR showed unexpectedly poor growth in defined minimal medium even in the presence of leucine. To our surprise, it was supplementation of cysteine and ...
Shen Fan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Free fatty acids (FFAs) play important roles in health and disease. We investigated the distributions of nine plasma FFAs in a population of Chinese adults. METHOD: Three hundred and ninety-nine healthy individuals aged 18-104 y were divided into 4 groups: 18-39 y; 40-59 y; 60-79 y; 80-104 y. Nine ...
Antonacci Lucia - - 2012
Programmed cell death can occur through two separate pathways caused by treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with acetic acid (AA-PCD), which differ from one another essentially with respect to their sensitivity to Nacetylcysteine (NAC) and to the role played by cytochrome c and metacaspase YCA1. Moreover, yeast can also undergo macroautophagy ...
Bartz M - - 2012
Fatty acid composition in porcine intramuscular fat affects the dietetic value and technological properties of meat. The stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) gene is a strong positional and functional candidate for fatty acid composition. Our sequence analysis in 4 breeds (Duroc, Pietrain, Polish Landrace, and Polish Large White) revealed a novel single-nucleotide ...
Webster Christopher M CM School of Molecular Biosciences and Center for Reproductive Biology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99614-6340, - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acids serve both structural and functional roles as membrane components and precursors for a number of different factors involved in inflammation and signaling. These fatty acids are required in the human diet, although excess dietary intake of omega-6 fatty polyunsaturated fatty acids may have a negative influence on ...
Su S M - - 2012
Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) was introduced to directly analysis chemical species of arsenic (As) in the cells of Trichoderma asperellum SM-12F1, Penicillium janthinellum SM-12F4, and Fusarium oxysporum CZ-8F1 capable of As accumulation and volatilisation. After exposure to As(V) of 500mgL(-1) for 15 days, a total of ...
Ivashov Vasyl A - - 2013
Lipid droplets (LD) are the main depot of non-polar lipids in all eukaryotic cells. In the present study we describe isolation and characterization of LD from the industrial yeast Pichia pastoris. We designed and adapted an isolation procedure which allowed us to obtain this subcellular fraction at high purity as ...
Gasimli Leyla L Department of Biology, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, - - 2013
Pluripotent and multipotent cells become increasingly lineage restricted through differentiation. Alterations to the cellular proteoglycan composition and structure should accompany these changes to influence cell proliferation, delineation of tissues and acquisition of cell migration capabilities. Retinoic acid plays an important role in pre-patterning of the early embryo. Retinoic acid can ...
Wang X J - - 2012
The effect of an exogenous glucocorticoid on the lipid metabolism and fatty acid pattern of skeletal muscle in broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) was investigated in vivo and in vitro. Male Arbor Acres chickens were subjected to dexamethasone (DEX) treatment for 3 days. We found that DEX retarded body growth, ...
Malvessi Eloane - - 2012
In this work the periplasmic enzymatic complex glucose-fructose oxidoreductase (GFOR)/glucono-δ-lactonase (GL) of permeabilized free or immobilized cells of Zymomonas mobilis was evaluated for the bioconversion of mixtures of fructose and different aldoses into organic acids. For all tested pairs of substrates with permeabilized free-cells, the best enzymatic activities were obtained ...
Tamari Yuki - - 2012
Abstract Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are antioxidant proteins that convert superoxide to hydrogen peroxide. In vertebrate cells, SOD1 is mainly present in the cytoplasm, with small levels also found in the nucleus and mitochondrial inter-membrane space, and SOD2 is present in the mitochondrial matrix. Previously, we conditionally disrupted the SOD1 or ...
Geisler Christoph - - 2012
The baculovirus/insect cell system is widely used for recombinant protein production, but it is suboptimal for recombinant glycoprotein production because it does not provide sialylation, which is an essential feature of many glycoprotein biologics. This problem has been addressed by metabolic engineering, which has extended endogenous insect cell N-glycosylation pathways ...
Gaid Mariam M - - 2012
Although a number of plant natural products are derived from benzoic acid, the biosynthesis of this structurally simple precursor is poorly understood. Hypericum calycinum cell cultures accumulate a benzoic acid-derived xanthone phytoalexin, hyperxanthone E, in response to elicitor treatment. Using a subtracted complementary DNA (cDNA) library and sequence information about ...
Yang Bo - - 2012
The 67 kDa myosin-cross-reactive antigen (MCRA) is a member of the MCRA family of proteins present in a wide range of bacteria and was predicted to have fatty acid isomerase function. We have now characterised the catalytic activity of MCRAs from four LAB stains, including Lactobacillus rhamnosus LGG, L. plantarum ST-III, ...
Tanaka Koichi - - 2012
Haa1 is a transcriptional activator required for Saccharomyces cerevisiae adaptation to weak acids. Here we show that the constitutive HAA1-overexpressing strain acquired a higher level of acetic acid tolerance. Under conditions of acetic acid stress, the intracellular level of acetic acid was significantly lower in HAA1-overexpressing cells than in the ...
Wauson Eric M - - 2012
Cells continually assess their energy and nutrient state to maintain growth and survival and engage necessary homeostatic mechanisms. Cell-autonomous responses to the fed state require the surveillance of the availability of amino acids and other nutrients. The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) integrates information on nutrient and amino ...
Suraweera Amila A MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 0QH, - - 2012
The ubiquitin-proteasome system targets many cellular proteins for degradation and thereby controls most cellular processes. Although it is well established that proteasome inhibition is lethal, the underlying mechanism is unknown. Here, we show that proteasome inhibition results in a lethal amino acid shortage. In yeast, mammalian cells, and flies, the ...
Lengler Imme - - 2012
Furan fatty acids (furan-FA) are oxidative products of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and may therefore be ingested when CLA-containing food or food-additives are consumed. Due to the presence of a furan ring structure the question arises whether furan-FA may have toxic properties on enterocytes and liver cells. Here we show ...
Kim Dong-Hun - - 2012
The dissimilatory metal-reducing bacterium, Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, reduced tellurite (Te(IV), TeO(3)(2-)) to elemental tellurium under anaerobic conditions resulting in the intracellular accumulation of needle shaped crystalline Te(0) nanorods. Fatty acid analyses showed that toxic Te(IV) increased the unsaturated fatty acid composition of the lipid components of the cell membrane, implying ...
Borrmann Annika - - 2012
Visualizing biomolecules by fluorescent tagging is a powerful method for studying their behaviour and function inside cells. We prepared and genetically encoded an unnatural amino acid (UAA) that features a bicyclononyne moiety. This UAA offered exceptional reactivity in strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloadditions. Kinetic measurements revealed that the UAA reacted also remarkably ...
Dishisha Tarek - - 2012
An economically sustainable process was developed for propionic acid production by fermentation of glycerol using Propionibacterium acidipropionici and potato juice, a by-product of starch processing, as a nitrogen/vitamin source. The fermentation was done as high-cell-density sequential batches with cell recycle. Propionic acid production and glycerol consumption rates were dependent on ...
Gokulan P D - - 2012
To synthesize a new series of 5-substituted-3-methylsulfanyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid ethyl esters for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity.The title compound synthesized by reacting the amino group of 5-amino-3-methylsulfanyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester with acid anhydrides, acid chlorides and phenyl dithiocarbamates. The synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, 1H-NMR and mass spectral data; the ...
Browning Lucy M LM Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, United - - 2012
Estimation of the intake of oily fish at a population level is difficult. The measurement of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in biological samples may provide a useful biomarker of intake. We identified the most appropriate biomarkers for the assessment of habitual oily fish intake and changes in ...
Khan Azmat A - - 2012
The present study enumerates the synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, and evaluation of anticancer potential of esters of two n-9 fatty acids viz., oleic acid (OLA) and ricinoleic acid (RCA) with 2,4- or 2,6-diisopropylphenol. The synthesis strategy involved esterification of the hydroxyl group of diisopropylphenol (propofol) to the terminal carboxyl group of ...
Guo J - - 2012
Fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36) is a membrane receptor that facilitates long-chain fatty acid uptake. To investigate its role in the regulation of long-chain fatty acid composition in muscle tissue, we studied and compared FAT/CD36 gene expression in muscle tissues of commercial broiler chickens and Chinese local Silky fowls. The results ...
Ueda Minoru - - 2012
12-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl jasmonic acid (JAG) shows unique biological activities, including leaf-closing of Samanea saman. It is expected that the mode of action for such regulation is distinct from that of other jasmonates. We developed high-performance compact molecular probes (CMPs) based on JAG that can be used for the FLAG-tagging of JAG ...
Phan Hung Duy - - 2012
The mechanism of acid hydrolysis of glycoside has been investigated since the end of the 19th century accompanied by lots of literatures published on the mechanism, although little attention has surprisingly been paid to the action of counter anion of acid. In this paper, it was investigated whether or not ...
Bach Robert D - - 2012
Quantum mechanical calculations at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level have examined the overall mechanism of the Baeyer-Villiger (BV) reaction with peroxyacetic acid. A series of reactions that include both the addition step and the subsequent alkyl group migration step included ketones, acetone, t-butyl methyl ketone, acetophenone, cyclohexyl methyl ketone and cyclohexyl phenyl ...
Omata Seiji - - 2012
The present work describes the influence of both vitamin C (VC) and mechanical stimulation on development of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and improvement in mechanical properties of a chondrocyte-agarose construct in a regenerating tissue disease model of hyaline cartilage. We used primary bovine chondrocytes and two types of VC, ascorbic ...
Babilas Philipp - - 2012
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), in particular glycolic acid, are a class of chemical compounds frequently used in cosmetics and dermatology. This review summarizes the current knowledge regarding chemistry, mechanism of action as well as the different indications ranging from cosmetic skin hydration to acne proven by clinical trials. Overall AHAs ...
Janakiraman Shanthakumar - - 2012
The radioprotective efficacy of Ferulic acid (FA) against whole body gamma radiation was studied in Swiss albino mice. To study the radiation protection, mice were administered with ferulic acid intraperitoneally (i.p) (50mg/kg body weight.), once daily for five consecutive days. One hour after the last administration of ferulic acid on ...
de Laat Sanne A A - - 2012
We report 2 children with a history of epilepsy in whom valproic acid (VPA) withdrawal was identified as a potential cause of hallucinations. After a restart of VPA, the hallucinations disappeared. We suggest mechanisms for the occurrence of the hallucinations and a possible control of a predisposition to hallucinations by ...
Smith Brennan K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I has historically been viewed as the sole regulator of fatty acid oxidation. However, we have identified fatty acid translocase (FAT)/CD36 as an additional control-point. Specifically, FAT/CD36 appears to have a novel "dual" mechanism-of-action with regards to fatty acid oxidation during exercise, influencing transport of lipids 1) across ...
Heim M K - - 2012
Vigabatrin (VGB), an irreversible inhibitor of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transaminase, is approved as adjunct treatment of refractory partial seizures as well as infantile spasms. Although VGB has been proven to be effective, its use is limited by the risk of retinopathy and associated peripheral visual field defects. This review describes ...
Wu Weiqiang - - 2012
The mechanism for acid production in phenolic extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography films containing triphenylsulfonium triflate (Ph(3)S(+)TfO(-)) acid generator has been investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and by use of the acid indicator coumarin 6 (C6). Gamma radiolysis was substituted for the EUV radiation with the assumption that the ...
Thibane Vuyisile S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have antifungal properties, but the mode by which they induce their action is not always clear. The aim of the study was to investigate apoptosis as mode of action of antifungal PUFAs (stearidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid) which are inhibitory towards biofilm formation ...
Sankar R Siva - - 2012
Free amino acid plays an important role in physiological functions. The ghost crab, Ocypode platytarsis caught off the Puducherry sandy beaches, south east coast of India were investigated for the pattern of distribution of free amino acids. The hemolymph and muscle were sampled from male and female crabs and then ...
Sheng Yinghong - - 2012
In this paper we presented a comprehensive computational study on the hydrogen sulfide sensing mechanism in aqueous solution using a pyrylium derivative. The possible sensing mechanisms were investigated under the neutral condition and acidic condition in the gas phase and in aqueous solution. The pyrylium-thiopyrylium transformation under the neutral condition ...
Minami Ikuko - - 2012
Food irradiation is a form of food processing to extend the shelf life and reduce spoilage of food. We examined the effects of γ radiation on the fatty acid composition, lipid peroxidation level, and antioxidative activity of soybean and soybean oil which both contain a large amount of unsaturated fatty ...
Fernández-Piñar Regina - - 2012
We report the identification of fatty acids as mediators of intercellular signalling in Pseudomonas putida, and between Pseudomonas aeruginosa and P. putida. Tetradecanoic acid and fatty acids of similar chain length are present in supernatants of these strains and activate population density-dependent expression of ddcA, a gene involved in corn seed ...
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