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Results 351 - 400 of 1968
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Karvelis Laimonas - - 2013
A bacterial strain 5HP capable of degrading and utilizing 5-hydroxypicolinic acid as the sole source of carbon and energy was isolated from soil. In addition, the isolate 5HP could also utilize 3-hydroxypyridine and 3-cyanopyridine as well as nicotinic, benzoic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids for growth in the basic salt media. On ...
Fujiwara Nagatoshi - - 2013
Sphingobacterium spiritivorum has five unusual sphingophospholipids (SPLs). Our previous study determined the complete chemical structures of these SPLs. The compositions of the long-chain bases/fatty acids in the ceramide portion, isoheptadecasphingosine/isopentadecanoate or isoheptadecasphingosine/2-hydroxy isopentadecanoate, are characteristic. The immune response against bacterial lipid components is considered to play important roles in microbial ...
McGuire Liam P - - 2013
The high energy density of fat, and limited capacity for carbohydrate storage suggest that migrating bats should fuel endurance flights with fat, as observed in migrating birds. Yet, cursorial mammals are unable to support high intensity exercise with fat stores. We hypothesized that migratory bats and birds have converged on ...
Koch Stefan - - 2013
O-Glycosylation is one of the most important post-translational modifications of proteins. The attachment of carbohydrates to the peptide backbone influences the conformation as well as the solubility of the conjugates and can even be essential for binding to specific ligands in cell-cell interactions or for active transport over membranes. This ...
Melis Anastasios - - 2013
The work seeks to raise awareness of a fundamental problem that impacts the renewable generation of fuels and chemicals via (photo)synthetic biology. At issue is regulation of the endogenous cellular carbon partitioning between different biosynthetic pathways, over which the living cell exerts stringent control. The regulation of carbon partitioning in ...
Ma Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Delignined corncob residue hydrolysate (DCCRH) and detoxified DCCRH were used for single cell oil (SCO) and single cell protein (SCP) production of Cryptococcus curvatus ATCC 96219 and for sophorolipid (SL) production of Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576. Both C. curvatus and W. domercqiae could utilize glucose in DCCRH to ...
Arthur Isaac N - - 2013
The S30 extract from E. coli BL21 Star (DE3) used for cell-free protein synthesis removes a wide range of α-amino acid protecting groups by cleaving α-carboxyl hydrazides; methyl, benzyl, tert-butyl, and adamantyl esters; tert-butyl and adamantyl carboxamides; α-amino form-, acet-, trifluoroacet-, and benzamides; and side-chain hydrazides and esters. The free ...
Kand Dnyaneshwar - - 2013
Synthesis of both enantiomers of δ-unsaturated γ-amino acids via the enantiodivergent [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement strategy is reported. Excellent enantiomeric excess > 94% are observed in the strategy. Cell permeability of a fluorescent amino acid derivative is evaluated by live-cell imaging.
Incerti Matteo M Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Parma, Viale delle Scienze 27/A, I-43124 Parma, - - 2013
The Eph receptor-ephrin system is an emerging target for the development of novel antiangiogenetic agents. We recently identified lithocholic acid (LCA) as a small molecule able to block EphA2-dependent signals in cancer cells, suggesting that its (5β)-cholan-24-oic acid scaffold can be used as a template to design a new generation ...
Sato Ayato - - 2013
2,3-Dinorprostaglandins (dinor-PGs) have been regarded as β-oxidation products of arachidonic-acid-derived prostaglandins, but their biological activities in mammalian cells remain unclear. On the other hand, C18 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as γ-linolenic acid (GLA), have various biological activities, and dinor-PGs are speculated to be biosynthesized from GLA. Here, we synthesized ...
Liaw Chih-Chuang - - 2013
Four new lanostanoids, ethyl lucidenate A (1), ethyl lucidenate F (2), 15-O-acetylganolucidate A (3), and 3,11,15,23-tetraoxo-27ξ-lanosta-8,16-dien-26-oic acid (4), and two new lactone derivatives, 5-hydroxy-5-(methoxymethyl)-4-methylfuran-2(5H)-one (5) and 3-(4-methoxy-2-oxo-2H-pyran-6-yl)propanoic acid (6), together with four known compounds, 11α-hydroxy-3,7-dioxolanost-8,24(E)-dien-26- oic acid (7), 3,7,11-trioxo-5α-lanosta-8,24(E)-dien-26-oic acid (8), methyl 3,7,11,12,15,23-hexaoxo-5α-lanost-8-en-26-oate (9), and ethyl 3,7,11,12,15,23-hexaoxo-5α-lanost-8-en-26-oate (10), were characterized ...
Wang Bo - - 2013
In the present study, bee pollen polysaccharides from Rosa rugosa (WRPP) were extracted and fractionated. WRPP were purified to neutral (WRPP-N) and acidic polysaccharides (WRPP-1, WRPP-2) with DEAE-Cellulose. WRPP-N were mainly composed of glucose, mannose, arabinose and galactose, indicating the existence of glucan, arabinogalactan (AG) and mannoglucan. WRPP-1 mainly consisted of ...
Liu Yeru - - 2013
Efficiencies of up to 8.5% for dye-sensitized solar cells employing a ruthenium dye with a cobalt complex redox mediator have been achieved, by using octadecylphosphonic acid (OPA) as a coadsorbent. This success is due to improved electron injection and reduced recombination.
Pazos Ileana M - - 2013
To expand the spectroscopic utility of the non-natural amino acid p-cyanophenylalanine (PheCN), we examine the quenching efficiencies of a series of commonly encountered anions toward its fluorescence. We find that iodide exhibits an unusually large Stern-Volmer quenching constant, making it a convenient choice in PheCN fluorescence quenching studies. Indeed, using ...
Shafiei Rasoul - - 2013
Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) are used in production of vinegars. During acetic acid fermentation, AAB encounter various aggressive conditions which may lead to a variety of cellular disorders. Previous researches mainly studied the influences of different carbon sources on tolerance of AAB to ethanol and acetic acid. In this study, ...
Logan Sreemathi S Department of Cell Biology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, - - 2013
Autosomal-dominant Stargardt-like macular dystrophy [Stargardt3 (STGD3)] results from single allelic mutations in the elongation of very-long-chain fatty acids-like 4 (ELOVL4), whereas recessive mutations lead to skin and brain dysfunction. ELOVL4 protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum, where it mediates the condensation reaction catalyzing the formation of very-long-chain (VLC) (C-28 to ...
Foster David A DA Department of Biological Sciences, Hunter College of the City University of New York, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2013
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been implicated as a sensor of nutrient sufficiency for dividing cells and is activated by essential amino acids and glucose. However, cells also require lipids for membrane biosynthesis. A central metabolite in the synthesis of membrane phospholipids is phosphatidic acid (PA), which is required ...
Wood J D - - 2013
Pigs with a lean genotype were fed diets differing in protein and amino acid contents between 40 and 115kg live weight. A high protein control regime (C) was compared with one supplying 11% less total protein but the same essential amino acid levels (LP1) and one supplying 16% less protein ...
Hongfei Zhao - - 2013
How soybean protein hydrolysates (SPHs) to favor the growth of S. thermophilus ST were investigated. Hydrolyzed soybean protein was fractionated to 4 fragments, that is, SPH-I, SPH-II, SPH-III, and SPH-IV according to their molecular weight sizes. SPHs can improve the growth of strain ST, in which SPH-IV, with the molecular ...
Wu Yun Y Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center for Affordable, Nanoengineering, The Ohio State University, 174 W 18th Avenue, Room 1012, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2013
Many delivery methods have been developed to improve the therapeutic efficacy and facilitate the clinical translation of nucleic acid-based therapeutics. A facile surface-mediated nucleic acid delivery by lipoplexes is prepared in a microwell array, which combines the advantages of lipoplexes as an efficient carrier system, surface-mediated delivery, and the control ...
Sgarbi Elisa - - 2013
Cheese ripening involves a complex series of biochemical events that contribute to the development of each cheese characteristic taste, aroma and texture. Proteolysis, which has been the subject of active research in the last decade, is the most complex of these biochemical events. However, also aminoacyl derivates of non-proteolytic origin ...
Lattanzi Anna - - 2013
The lactic acid bacteria and yeast microbiota of eighteen sourdoughs used for the manufacture of some traditional Italian sweet leavened baked goods were studied through culture-dependent method and pyrosequencing. Flours used for back slopping and sourdoughs were also biochemically characterized. Principal component analysis was applied to explore eventual correlations between ...
Haberkant Per - - 2013
Bifunctional lipid technology: Cells convert externally added photoactivatable and "clickable" fatty acids into a variety of bifunctional phospholipids that can be covalently linked to their protein-binding partners by irradiation with UV light. Derivatization of the clickable group with a reporter molecule makes it possible to identify and image the lipid-bound ...
Gasmi Jihane - - 2013
Plant-derived non-essential fatty acids are important dietary nutrients, and some are purported to have chemopreventive properties against various cancers, including that of the prostate. In this study, we determined the ability of seven dietary C-18 fatty acids to cause cytotoxicity and induce apoptosis in various types of human prostate cancer ...
Yoon Seon-A - - 2013
p-Coumaric acid (3-[4-hydroxyphenyl]-2-propenoic acid) is a ubiquitous plant metabolite with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer properties. In this study, we examined whether p-coumaric acid modulates glucose and lipid metabolism via AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in L6 skeletal muscle cells. p-Coumaric acid increased the phosphorylation of AMPK in a dose-dependent manner in ...
Kempf Karl - - 2013
Two diasteroisomers of the Penicillium metabolite penicillenol C1 were synthesized for the first time by 3-acylation of an L-threonine derived tetramic acid with enantiopure 2-methyl-oct-(6E)-enoic acids. The (5S,6R,9S)-isomer is identical with the natural compound as to NMR spectra and optical rotation. A bisazide-tagged penicillenol analogue was also synthesized for photoaffinity ...
Williams Kevin J KJ Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, - - 2013
The sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBP) are key transcriptional regulators of lipid metabolism and cellular growth. It has been proposed that SREBP signaling regulates cellular growth through its ability to drive lipid biosynthesis. Unexpectedly, we find that loss of SREBP activity inhibits cancer cell growth and viability by uncoupling fatty ...
Palumbo Fabio Salvatore - - 2013
In this work hyaluronic acid (HA) functionalized with ethylenediamine (EDA) has been employed to graft α-elastin. In particular a HA-EDA derivative bearing 50mol% of pendant amino groups has been successfully employed to produce the copolymer HA-EDA-g-α-elastin containing 32% w/w of protein. After grafting with α-elastin, remaining free amino groups reacted ...
Etienne A - - 2013
Fleshy fruit acidity is an important component of fruit organoleptic quality and is mainly due to the presence of malic and citric acids, the main organic acids found in most ripe fruits. The accumulation of these two acids in fruit cells is the result of several interlinked processes that take ...
Dong Xuan - - 2013
To search for potential non-viral nucleic acids carriers, a series of novel cationic polymers, multi-armed poly(aspartate-graft-oligoethylenimine) [MP-g-OEI] copolymers, were designed and synthesized by grafting different kinds of oligoethylenimine (OEI) to a multi-armed poly(L-aspartic acid) backbone. The as-synthesized MP-g-OEI copolymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, and ...
Sbihi Hassen Mohamed - - 2013
In this work, the characteristics of fat from the hump of young camels (Hachi) were evaluated. The physicochemical properties of the fat were as follows: melting point, 45°C; saponification value, 202.3mg KOH/g oil; refractive index (60°C), 1.468; unsaponifiable matter, 1.37%; free fatty acids (as the percentage of oleic acid), 0.96%; ...
Pascal Stéphanie - - 2013
Plant aerial organs are covered by cuticular waxes, a hydrophobic crystal layer which mainly serves as a waterproof barrier. Cuticular wax is a complex mixture of very-long-chain lipids deriving from fatty acids with predominant chain lengths from 26 to 34 carbons which result from the acyl-CoA elongase activity. The biochemical ...
Harmon Brooke B Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California 94550, - - 2013
The arenavirus nucleoprotein (NP) can suppress induction of type I interferon (IFN). This anti-IFN activity is thought to be shared by all arenaviruses with the exception of Tacaribe virus (TCRV). To identify the TCRV NP amino acid residues that prevent its IFN-countering ability, we created a series of NP chimeras ...
Chen Long - - 2013
Based on an acidic-alkaline double electrolyte, we designed and fabricated a novel Zn/KMnO(4) aqueous cell with a high operating voltage of 2.8 V. The theoretical energy density of this aqueous cell is even compatible with organic electrolyte-based lithium batteries.
He Xiaobing - - 2013
Foreign nucleic acids, the essential signature molecules of invading pathogens that act as danger signals for host cells, are detected by endosomal nucleic acid-sensing toll-like receptors (TLRs) 3, 7, 8, 9, and 13. These TLRs have evolved to recognize 'non-self' nucleic acids within endosomal compartments and rapidly initiate innate immune ...
Kim Sung-Koo - - 2013
The acidic hydrolysis of biomass generates numerous inhibitors of fermentation, which adversely affect cell growth and metabolism. The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of fermentation inhibitors on growth and glucose consumption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We also conducted in situ adsorption during cell cultivation in synthetic ...
Li Xiao-Ping - - 2013
Trans fatty acids (TFA) have been considered as an independent risk factor of coronary heart disease, sudden death and insulin-resistance, and different TFA isomers may have different effects on the progression of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of two major ...
Xiang Wanchun - - 2013
Sensing the sun: Incorporation of a cyanomethyl benzoic acid electron acceptor into donor-π-acceptor sensitizers for dye-sensitized-solar cell is shown to lead to devices with improved conversion efficiency when compared with more widely used cyanoacetic acid acceptor.
Morato P N - - 2013
Whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) is capable of increasing muscle glycogen reserves and of concentrating the glucose transporter in the plasma membrane (PM). The objective of this study was to determine which WPH components could modulate translocation of the glucose transporter GLUT-4 to the PM of animal skeletal muscle. Forty-nine animals ...
Yamasaki Kanako - - 2013
Chloroplasts are responsible for biosynthesis of salicylic acid (SA) an important signal molecule in plant immunity. EDS5 is a homologue of the MATE (multidrug and toxic compound extrusion) family of transporters, and is essential for SA biosynthesis. It has been speculated that EDS5 would be involved in the export of ...
de Souza Clairton F - - 2013
We localised amino acids in the mid-peripheral aged human retina and a retina that had undergone radiation treatment 10 years earlier. The distribution pattern of glutamate, γ-amino butyric acid (GABA), glycine, glutamine and taurine, reflected patterns established in the primate retina. The retina that had undergone radiation exposure displayed both ...
Gong Min - - 2013
All-trans retinoic acid plays an important role in nervous system development. However, the effects of all-trans retinoic acid on the neuronal differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells and the mechanisms through which this differentiation takes place are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the biological effects of all-trans retinoic acid on ...
Uchiyama Kan - - 2013
The sudden change in the dietary habits of the Japanese population towards a European/American-style diet since the 1960s is thought to be responsible for the recent increase in the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Japan. Dietary fatty acid intake influences the fatty acid profiles of vital cell membranes, ...
Dannenberger D - - 2013
Samples of M. longissimus were collected from a total of 203 feral roe deer (n=118) and wild boar (n=85) in two regions of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Germany). The muscle lipid saturated fatty acid proportions of roe deer and wild boar ranged between 33 and 49g/100g total fatty acids and 31 and ...
Wan Zhongxiao - - 2013
FAT/CD36 has been extensively studied for its role in facilitating fatty acid uptake. Recent findings have also demonstrated that this protein regulates adipocyte lipolysis and may modulate fatty acid re-esterification. As FAT/CD36 has been shown to control the expression of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation in adipocytes we reasoned ...
Liu Jian-Jun - - 2013
Recently, it was reported that naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoids such as ursolic acid have anti-adiposity property. We studied if acetyl-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA), an established anti-inflammation and anti-cancer pentacyclic triterpenoid which has similar chemical structure to ursolic acid, may modulate adipocyte phenotype. 3T3-L1 murine adipocytes and human subcutaneous adipocytes were treated ...
Dong Xuan - - 2013
The polyethylenimine (PEI) derivatives (PTn) are prepared by treating PEI25k with Tris(hydroxymethyl) acrylamidomethane via the Michael addition. These PTns can effectively condense nucleic acids into nanosized particles with positive surface charges. The PTns show lower cytotoxicity and better serum-resistant capacity than PEI25k. Specially, the transfection efficiency of PT26/DNA is 29-fold ...
Wu Chongde - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aspartate on the acid tolerance of L. casei. Acid stress induced the accumulation of intracellular aspartate in L. casei, and the acid-resistant mutant exhibited 32.5 % higher amount of aspartate than that of the parental strain at pH 4.3. Exogenous aspartate ...
Mamani-Linares L W - - 2013
Twenty male llama of the Kh'ara genotype, reared extensively in the north of Chile, were slaughtered at ages between 2 and 4 permanent teeth (2 to 3.5years) and analyses were carried out on the Longissimus lumborum muscle, including composition (moisture, fat, protein, ash, cholesterol, amino acids, fatty acid profile and ...
Yoshida Toyokazu - - 2013
The nitrilase gene of Rhodococcus rhodochrous J1 was expressed in Escherichia coli using the expression vector, pKK223-3. The recombinant E. coli JM109 cells hydrolyzed enantioselectively 2-methyl-2-propylmalononitrile to form (S)-2-cyano-2-methylpentanoic acid (CMPA) with 96 % e.e. Under optimized conditions, 80 g (S)-CMPA l(-1) was produced with a molar yield of 97 % at 30 °C after ...
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