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Results 301 - 350 of 1958
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Kawakami Yasuhiko Y Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, Stem Cell Institute, Developmental Biology Center, University of Minnesota, 6-160 Jackson Hall, 321 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2013
In recent years, the function of retinoic acid (RA) in limb development has been debated. In this issue of Cell Reports, Cunningham et al. show that RA antagonizes fibroblast growth factors for limb initiation, but not for limb patterning.
Orlowski Piotr - - 2013
Hydrolyzable tannins are known to exhibit diverse biological effects, which can be used in combination with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In this study, we tested toxic and inflammatory properties of tannic-acid modified 13, 33, 46 nm and unmodified 10-65 nm AgNPs using murine 291.03C keratinocyte and RAW 264.7 monocyte cell lines. ...
Nadzirin Nurul - - 2013
We describe a server that allows the interrogation of the Protein Data Bank for hypothetical 3D side chain patterns that are not limited to known patterns from existing 3D structures. A minimal side chain description allows a variety of side chain orientations to exist within the pattern, and generic side ...
Liu Qingbo - - 2013
GluB is a substrate-binding protein (SBP) which participates in the uptake of glutamic acid in Corynebacterium glutamicum, a Gram-positive bacterium. It is part of an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter system. Together with the transmembrane proteins GluC and GluD and the cytoplasmic protein GluA, which couples the hydrolysis of ATP to ...
Chodok Pichit - - 2013
Two Δ(12)-desaturases associated with the primary steps of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) biosynthesis were successfully cloned from Physcomitrella patens and their functions identified. The open reading frames (ORFs) of PpFAD2-1 and PpFAD2-2 consisted of 1,128 bp and code for 375 amino acids. Their deduced polypeptides showed 62-64 % identity to microsomal ...
Mehmeti Ibrahim I Laboratory of Microbial Gene Technology and Food Microbiology, Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, - - 2013
We show that Enterococcus faecalis can utilize ascorbate for fermentative growth. In chemically defined media, growth yield was limited by the supply of amino acids, and the cells showed a much higher demand for amino acids than when they were grown on glucose.
Oh Hye-Jin - - 2013
Recombinant Escherichia coli, expressing the oleate hydratase gene of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, was permeabilized by sequential treatments with 0.125 M NaCl and 2 mM EDTA. The optimal conditions for the production of 10-hydroxy-12,15(Z,Z)-octadecadienoic acid from α-linolenic acid by permeabilized cells were 35 °C and pH 7.0 with 0.1 % (v/v) Tween 40, 50 g permeabilized cells ...
Shindou Hideo - - 2013
Glycerophospholipids are main components of cellular membranes and have numerous structural and functional roles to regulate cellular functions. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid, are mainly located at the sn-2, but not the sn-1 position of glycerophospholipids in an asymmetrical manner and the fatty acid compositions ...
Bang Sung Woong - - 2013
Human TopBP1 is involved in the DNA damage checkpoint response, chromosome replication, and other functions of cell cycle control. The C-terminal region of TopBP1 (TbpCtr: amino acid residues 1222-1522) is involved in the localization of TopBP1 to the centrosomes during mitosis. Here, we showed that the amino acid residues 741-885 ...
Simon Peter P Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, - - 2013
Fertilization in animals is a complex sequence of several biochemical events beginning with the insemination into the female reproductive tract and, finally, leading to embryogenesis. Studies by Kitajima and co-workers (Miyata, S., Sato, C., and Kitajima, K. (2007) Trends Glycosci. Glyc, 19, 85-98) demonstrated the presence of polysialic acid (polySia) ...
Kamphorst Jurre J JJ Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics and Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2013
Cancer cell growth requires fatty acids to replicate cellular membranes. The kinase Akt is known to up-regulate fatty acid synthesis and desaturation, which is carried out by the oxygen-consuming enzyme stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD)1. We used (13)C tracers and lipidomics to probe fatty acid metabolism, including desaturation, as a function of ...
Xiang Gang - - 2013
Growth of Escherichia coli BL21 in a glycerol minimal medium was accelerated following supplementation with trace amounts of amino acid (0.35 mM). Of 12 amino acids tested, Arg and Ser gave the highest response, increasing cell growth by 63 and 53 %, respectively, compared to control cells. The ability of amino acids ...
Alves Eliana - - 2013
Light activation of photosensitizing dyes in presence of molecular oxygen generates highly cytotoxic reactive oxygen species leading to cell inactivation. Nucleic acids are molecular targets of this photodynamic action but not considered the main cause of cell death. The in vivo effect of the photodynamic process on the intracellular nucleic ...
Kanlayavattanakul Mayuree - - 2013
The antioxidant activities of Salak plum (Salacca edulis) peel extracts were assessed by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothaiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assays. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction was the most potent (DPPHIC50=2.932 ± 0.030 µg/mL, ABTSIC50=7.933 ± 0.049 µg/mL, FRAPEC=7,844.44 ± 40.734). Chlorogenic acid was ...
Calder Philip C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss recent studies reporting on the influence of fatty acids on gene expression in relation to inflammation and immune responses. RECENT FINDINGS: Saturated fatty acids promote, whereas several n-3 fatty acids, in particular eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, some isomers of ...
Jia Qianqian - - 2013
The dynamic process of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthesis by bacterial consortium in substrates simulating the excess sludge fermentation liquid was in-depth investigated in this study. The maximum PHA content and PHA yield was obtained with 62.43% of the dry cell and 0.71g/L which is the highest under high initial carbon concentration ...
Wan Xia - - 2013
In oleaginous fungus Cunninghamella echinulata, Δ9-fatty acid desaturase introduces the first double bond into a saturated fatty acid. Three distinct genes, designated as d9dma, d9dmb and d9dmc, all encoding putative Δ9-fatty acid desaturases were isolated from this strain. The predicted proteins showed 79-87 % identity to other fungal Δ9-fatty acid desaturases. ...
Guan Xiuwen - - 2013
A novel pH-sensitive charge-conversion shielding system was designed by the electrostatic binding of polyethylenimine (PEI)-poly(L-lysine)-poly(L-glutamic acid) (PELG), PEI, and cis-aconityl-doxorubicin (CAD). Doxorubicin (DOX) was modified by cis-aconityl linkage to form acid-sensitive CAD, which was then adsorbed by the positively charged PEI. The PEI/CAD complexes were subsequently shielded with the pH-responsive ...
Naether Daniela J DJ Department of Environmental Microbiology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, - - 2013
The marine hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium Alcanivorax borkumensis is able to degrade mixtures of n-alkanes as they occur in marine oil spills. However, investigations of growth behavior and physiology of these bacteria when cultivated with n-alkanes of different chain lengths (C6 to C30) as the substrates are still lacking. Growth rates increased ...
Krokowski Dawid D Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2013
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced responses are associated with the loss of insulin-producing β-cells in type 2 diabetes mellitus. β-Cell survival during ER stress is believed to depend on decreased protein synthesis rates that are mediated via phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor eIF2α. It is reported here that chronic ER ...
Macfarlane Robert J - - 2013
A nanoparticle-based analogue to the Periodic Table of the elements, where rather than arranging entries by electronic configuration, we arrange them by nanoscale architectural feature (e.g., composition, size, shape, and surface functionality). Using this table as a guide, we discuss the design considerations associated with using nucleic acids to assemble ...
Sadhu Kalyan K - - 2013
Reactions templated by cellular nucleic acids are attractive for nucleic acid sensing or responsive systems. Herein we report the use of a photocatalyzed reductive cleavage of an immolative linker to unmask a rhodamine fluorophore, and its application to miRNA imaging. The reaction was found to proceed with a very high ...
Gu Zhennan Z State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China - - 2013
AKT is a serine-threonine protein kinase that plays important roles in cell growth, proliferation and apoptosis. It is activated after binding to phosphatidylinositol phosphates (PIPs) with phosphate groups at positions 3,4 and 3,4,5 on the inositol ring. In spite of extensive research on AKT, one aspect has been largely overlooked, ...
Ionescu Nicoleta N Faculty of Life Sciences, London Metropolitan University, 166-220 Holloway Road, London, N7 8DB - - 2013
Docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic acids (AA) are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), major components of brain tissue and neural systems, and the precursors of a number of biologically active metabolites with functions in inflammation resolution, neuroprotection and other actions. As PUFAs are highly susceptible to peroxidation, we hypothesised whether cigarette smokers ...
Ho James C S JC Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Glycobiology (MIG), Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Sölvegatan 23, S-223 62 Lund, - - 2013
Long-chain fatty acids are internalized by receptor-mediated mechanisms or receptor-independent diffusion across cytoplasmic membranes and are utilized as nutrients, building blocks, and signaling intermediates. Here we describe how the association of long-chain fatty acids to a partially unfolded, extracellular protein can alter the presentation to target cells and cellular effects. ...
Xie Wei-Hong - - 2013
The marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, a widely used forage species, has a storage lipid content of up to 30% dry cell weight. To explore the mechanism behind the high storage lipid accumulation in this diatom, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase), which catalyzes the first committed step of the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway, ...
Kim Eunji - - 2013
A time-temperature indicator (TTI) based on a lactic acid bacterium, Weissella cibaria CIFP009, was applied to ground pork packaging. Calibration curves between TTI response and pork qualities were obtained from storage tests at 2°C, 10°C, and 13°C. The curves of the TTI vs. total cell number at different temperatures coincided ...
Watanabe Eisuke - - 2013
Reaction systems of boronic acid (RB(OH2), R = phenyl or 3-fluorophenyl) with diols and no proton ambiguity were elaborately set up, and kinetic measurements were conducted to elucidate the relative reactivities of RB(OH)2 and RB(OH)3(-). In the reactions of phenylboronic and 3-fluorophenylboronic acids with propylene glycol, the reactivity order was: ...
Mori Yasunori - - 2013
We screened for a Rab39-specific effector by performing a yeast two-hybrid assay with GTP-locked Rab39A/B as the bait and identified UACA (uveal autoantigen with coiled-coil domains and ankyrin repeats) as a specific Rab39A/B-binding protein. Deletion analysis revealed that a C-terminal coiled-coil domain of UACA functions as a GTP-dependent Rab39-binding domain. ...
Rehman Zia Ur - - 2013
Lipoplexes and polyplexes are widely applied as non-viral gene delivery carriers. Although their efficiencies of transfection are comparable, their mechanisms of delivery, specifically at the level of nucleic acid release from endosomes, are different. Thus, lipoplex-mediated release is proposed to rely on lipid mixing, as occurs between lipoplex and endosomal ...
Kim Jihee - - 2013
TLRs are divided into two groups based on their subcellular localization patterns. TLR1, 2, 4, 5, and 6 are expressed on the cell surface, whereas the nucleotide-sensing TLRs, such as TLR3, 7, 8, and 9 stay mainly inside cells. The polytopic membrane protein UNC93B1 physically interacts with the nucleotide-sensing TLRs ...
Kim Juyoung J Department of Bioenergy Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of - - 2013
Very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) with chain lengths from 20 to 34 carbons are involved in diverse biological functions such as membrane constituents, a surface barrier, and seed storage compounds. The first step in VLCFA biosynthesis is the condensation of two carbons to an acyl-coenzyme A, which is catalyzed by 3-ketoacyl-coenzyme ...
Montillet Jean-Luc - - 2013
Recent reports have revealed new guard cell signaling elements that function in stomatal defense in Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). We discuss here the role of oxylipins, salicylic acid (SA), and abscisic acid (ABA) in stomatal immunity in response to the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae.
Bondar O V - - 2013
Pluronic block copolymers L61 and L121 were reacted with succinic anhydride to produce, respectively, their mono- and bisderivatives with succinic acid. The critical micelle concentration of Pluronics decreased after modification. The modification of Pluronic L61 promoted its association with the plasma membrane of human cells and increased membrane damage, while ...
Shamim Saba - - 2013
Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 and Pseudomonas putida mt2 were used as cadmium (Cd) resistant and sensitive bacteria, respectively to study the effect of Cd on physicochemical surface properties which include the study of surface charge and hydrophobicity which are subjected to vary under stress conditions. In this research work, effective concentration ...
Root Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long chain omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils (O3) are known to have beneficial effects on a number of vascular risk factors in at-risk populations. The effects of a highly bioavailable emulsified preparation on an overweight young adult population are less well known. METHODS: Young adults, age 18--30, with ...
Opstad Christer L - - 2013
The synthesis and self-assembling properties of a model compound in a new class of cationic phospholipids with a highly unsaturated conjugated fatty acid are described. In addition, the potential of this new lipid as a nucleic acid carrier was evaluated through lipoplex formulations employing 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) as helper lipid with ...
Morita Yoshifumi - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several lipid synthesis pathways play important roles in development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although the precise molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we show the relationship between HCC progression and the alteration of phospholipid composition regulated by lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPCAT). METHODS: Molecular lipidomic screening ...
Tzogani Kyriaki - - 2013
Abstract The European Commission has recently issued a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for 5-aminolaevulinic acid (Ameluz). The decision was based on the favourable opinion of the CHMP recommending a marketing authorisation for 5-aminolaevulinic acid for treatment of actinic keratosis of mild to moderate intensity on the face ...
Fotiadis Dimitrios - - 2013
Amino acids are necessary for all living cells and organisms. Specialized transporters mediate the transfer of amino acids across plasma membranes. Malfunction of these proteins can affect whole-body homoeostasis giving raise to diverse human diseases. Here, we review the main features of the SLC3 and SLC7 families of amino acid ...
Karvelis Laimonas - - 2013
A bacterial strain 5HP capable of degrading and utilizing 5-hydroxypicolinic acid as the sole source of carbon and energy was isolated from soil. In addition, the isolate 5HP could also utilize 3-hydroxypyridine and 3-cyanopyridine as well as nicotinic, benzoic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids for growth in the basic salt media. On ...
Fujiwara Nagatoshi - - 2013
Sphingobacterium spiritivorum has five unusual sphingophospholipids (SPLs). Our previous study determined the complete chemical structures of these SPLs. The compositions of the long-chain bases/fatty acids in the ceramide portion, isoheptadecasphingosine/isopentadecanoate or isoheptadecasphingosine/2-hydroxy isopentadecanoate, are characteristic. The immune response against bacterial lipid components is considered to play important roles in microbial ...
McGuire Liam P - - 2013
The high energy density of fat, and limited capacity for carbohydrate storage suggest that migrating bats should fuel endurance flights with fat, as observed in migrating birds. Yet, cursorial mammals are unable to support high intensity exercise with fat stores. We hypothesized that migratory bats and birds have converged on ...
Koch Stefan - - 2013
O-Glycosylation is one of the most important post-translational modifications of proteins. The attachment of carbohydrates to the peptide backbone influences the conformation as well as the solubility of the conjugates and can even be essential for binding to specific ligands in cell-cell interactions or for active transport over membranes. This ...
Melis Anastasios - - 2013
The work seeks to raise awareness of a fundamental problem that impacts the renewable generation of fuels and chemicals via (photo)synthetic biology. At issue is regulation of the endogenous cellular carbon partitioning between different biosynthetic pathways, over which the living cell exerts stringent control. The regulation of carbon partitioning in ...
Ma Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Delignined corncob residue hydrolysate (DCCRH) and detoxified DCCRH were used for single cell oil (SCO) and single cell protein (SCP) production of Cryptococcus curvatus ATCC 96219 and for sophorolipid (SL) production of Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576. Both C. curvatus and W. domercqiae could utilize glucose in DCCRH to ...
Arthur Isaac N - - 2013
The S30 extract from E. coli BL21 Star (DE3) used for cell-free protein synthesis removes a wide range of α-amino acid protecting groups by cleaving α-carboxyl hydrazides; methyl, benzyl, tert-butyl, and adamantyl esters; tert-butyl and adamantyl carboxamides; α-amino form-, acet-, trifluoroacet-, and benzamides; and side-chain hydrazides and esters. The free ...
Kand Dnyaneshwar - - 2013
Synthesis of both enantiomers of δ-unsaturated γ-amino acids via the enantiodivergent [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement strategy is reported. Excellent enantiomeric excess > 94% are observed in the strategy. Cell permeability of a fluorescent amino acid derivative is evaluated by live-cell imaging.
Incerti Matteo M Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Parma, Viale delle Scienze 27/A, I-43124 Parma, - - 2013
The Eph receptor-ephrin system is an emerging target for the development of novel antiangiogenetic agents. We recently identified lithocholic acid (LCA) as a small molecule able to block EphA2-dependent signals in cancer cells, suggesting that its (5β)-cholan-24-oic acid scaffold can be used as a template to design a new generation ...
Sato Ayato - - 2013
2,3-Dinorprostaglandins (dinor-PGs) have been regarded as β-oxidation products of arachidonic-acid-derived prostaglandins, but their biological activities in mammalian cells remain unclear. On the other hand, C18 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as γ-linolenic acid (GLA), have various biological activities, and dinor-PGs are speculated to be biosynthesized from GLA. Here, we synthesized ...
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