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Results 301 - 350 of 1984
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Lu Yin - - 2013
Abstract Arsenic exists widely in rock, water and air, and arsanilic acid (also known as aminophenyl arsenic acid) is an organoarsenic compound and has been used as feed additives. Organoarsenic compounds in foodstuff cause adverse effects, including acute and chronic toxicity, in animals and humans. However, little is known about ...
Pena R N - - 2013
This study aimed at identifying differential gene expression conditional on the fatty acid profile of the longissimus thoracis (Lt) muscle, a prime cut of economic relevance for fresh and cured pork production. A population of 110 Iberian (25%) × Landrace (75%) back-crossed pigs was used, because these two breeds exhibit extreme profiles ...
Wei Jiashi - - 2013
The conversion of branched-chain amino acids to branched-chain acids or alcohols is an important aspect of flavor in the food industry and is dependent on the Ehrlich pathway found in certain lactic acid bacteria. A key enzyme in the pathway, the 2-keto acid decarboxylase (KDC), is also of interest in ...
Cheng Liwei - - 2013
Multifunctional fluorescent silica nanoparticles with phenylboronic acid tags were developed for labeling sialic acid on the surface of living cancer cells. In this paper, fluorescent silica nanoparticles (FSNPs) with strong and stable emission at 515nm were firstly prepared through a reverse microemulsion process, and then modified with highly selective phenylboronic ...
Kim Ki Hyun - - 2013
Pharbinilic acid (1), the first naturally occurring allogibberic acid, was isolated from ethanol extracts of morning glory (Pharbitis nil) seeds. Its absolute configuration was determined by NOESY NMR and ECD experiments. Compound 1 showed weak cytotoxicity against A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, and HCT-15 cells and weakly inhibited nitric oxide production in ...
Bao Zhengzheng - - 2013
Cutaneous fatty acid-binding protein (C-FABP), a cancer promoter and metastasis inducer, is overexpressed in the majority of prostatic carcinomas. Investigation of molecular mechanisms involved in tumor-promoting activity of C-FABP has established that there is a fatty acid-initiated signaling pathway leading to malignant progression of prostatic cancer cells. Increased C-FABP expression ...
Pant Deepak D Separation and Conversion Technology, VITO-Flemish Institute for Technological Research, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium. - - 2013
In this study, domestic wastewater was given a second life as dilution medium for concentrated organic waste streams, in particular artificial food waste. A two-step continuous process with first volatile fatty acid (VFA)/hydrogen production and second electricity production in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) was employed. For primary treatment, bioreactors were ...
Chatterjee Abhishek A Department of Chemistry and The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
Here we report the development of a baculovirus-based delivery system that enables the efficient incorporation of unnatural amino acids into proteins in mammalian cells. We have exploited the large cargo-capacity (>30 kb) and stability of the double-stranded DNA genome of baculovirus to deliver to a variety of cell types all ...
Roehlecke Cora - - 2013
N-Propanoylmannosamine is an unnatural precursor of sialic acid, which is taken up by a variety of animal cells and metabolized to N-propanoylneuraminic acid. In several studies it has been demonstrated that application of unnatural precursors of sialic acids such as N-propanoylmannosamine (ManNProp) and homologues interfere with cell differentiation and proliferation ...
Tung Stephanie - - 2013
High-dose glucocorticoids (GCs) can be a useful treatment for aggressive forms of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). However, their mechanism of action is not well understood and resistance to GCs is inevitable. In a minimal, serum-free culture system, the synthetic GC dexamethasone (DEX) was found to decrease the metabolic activity of ...
Matsumoto Takuya T Frontier Research Laboratories, Institute for Innovation, Ajinomoto Corporation, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki-shi, Japan; - - 2013
The concentration of free glutamate (Glu) in rat's milk is ∼10 times higher than that in plasma. Previous work has shown that mammary tissue actively transports circulatory leucine (Leu), which is transaminated to synthesize other amino acids such as Glu and aspartate (Asp). To investigate the molecular basis of Leu ...
Janocha Simon - - 2013
Cytochrome P450 enzymes exhibit a tremendous potential for biotechnological applications due to their ability to introduce oxygen into non-activated carbon atoms. Their catalytic diversity is complemented by a broad substrate range covering many natural compounds. Especially the functionalization of terpenoids by P450s becomes increasingly interesting due to the diverse biological ...
Paiva Sandra - - 2013
On solid substrates, yeast colonies pass through distinct developmental phases characterized by changes in pH of their surroundings from acidic to nearly alkaline and vice versa. At the beginning of the alkali phase colonies start to produce ammonia, which functions as a quorum sensing molecule inducing the reprogramming of cell ...
Nguyen Anh Do Quynh Ado - - 2013
This study aims to investigate whether overexpressing the trehalose biosynthetic gene, otsBA operon, in β-carotene-producing recombinant Escherichia coli protects cells from toxic impurities in crude glycerol. The concentrations of potassium and methanol in crude glycerol were too low to inhibit cell growth. Cell growth and production in control cell culture ...
Wei Li-Na - - 2013
Non-canonical cytoplasmic activities and signal transduction of retinoic acid (RA) expand RA's pleiotropic effects in coordinating the epigenome in embryonic stem cell (ESC). Examples include RA-bound cellular retinoic acid binding protein I, which activates ERK2. By engaging both cytosolic and nuclear mediators, RA can efficiently augment ESC's epigenome.
Wan Maosheng - - 2013
A series of novel stilbene-triazine derivatives containing amino acid groups were synthesized and screened to evaluate their cytotoxicity. The UV absorptions of the derivatives were in the range of 240-450 nm. The absorption peaks of the cis-isomers and trans-isomers were in 281-291 nm and 353-361 nm, respectively. Their fluorescence emission peaks of the ...
Van Hamme Jonathan D - - 2013
Gordonia sp. strain NB4-1Y was isolated from vermicompost using bis-(3-pentafluorophenylpropyl)-sulfide as the sole added sulfur source and was found to have a broad capacity for metabolizing organosulfur compounds. NB4-1Y is closely related to G. desulfuricans and was found to metabolize 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS) to 5:3 fluorotelomer acid (5:3 ...
Li Zhu - - 2013
Intracellular acidic vesicles, constituted mostly by lysosomes, mediated a variety of biological events ranging from endocytosis, apoptosis, to cancer metastasis, etc. A chimeric molecular pH-meter (Lyso-DR), comprised of a dansyl fluorophore and proton activatable rhodamine-lactam, was prepared for ratiometric reporting of intralysosomal acidity. Exclusively confined in lysosomes, Lyso-DR exhibited pH ...
He Yu-Cai - - 2013
Enantioselective oxidation of racemic phenyl-1,2-ethanediol into (R)-(-)-mandelic acid by a newly isolated Brevibacterium lutescens CCZU12-1 was demonstrated. It was found that optically active (R)-(-)-mandelic acid (e.e.p > 99.9 %) is produced leaving the other enantiomer (S)-(+)-phenyl-1,2-ethanediol intact. Using fed-batch method, a total of 172.9 mM (R)-(-)-mandelic acid accumulated in the reaction mixture after the ...
Nobusawa Takashi - - 2013
Very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are major components of cuticular wax and are also contained in seed storage triacylglycerols and sphingolipids. Arabidopsis mutants with severe defects in VLCFA synthesis produce fused leaves because of impaired cuticle formation. We recently reported that a small decrease in VLCFA content did not cause growth ...
Kim Ju-Yeon - - 2013
In the present work, Corynebacterium glutamicum was metabolically engineered for the enantioselective synthesis of non-proteinogenic amino acids as valuable building blocks for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. The novel bio-catalytic activity of C. glutamicum was obtained by heterologous expression of the branched chain aminotransferase IlvE from Escherichia coli. Upon this modification, the ...
Nchoutmboube Jules A - - 2013
All positive strand (+RNA) viruses of eukaryotes replicate their genomes in association with membranes. The mechanisms of membrane remodeling in infected cells represent attractive targets for designing future therapeutics, but our understanding of this process is very limited. Elements of autophagy and/or the secretory pathway were proposed to be hijacked ...
Feng Lianshun - - 2013
Sialic acid analogues containing a unique chemical functionality or chemical reporter have been metabolically incorporated into sialylated glycans. This process is termed metabolic glycan labeling and has been emerged as a powerful tool for studying sialylation as well as other types of glycosylation. Currently, this technique can only install a ...
Bar-Peled Liron L Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, Cambridge, MA 02142, - - 2013
The mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway promotes cell growth in response to many cues, including amino acids, which act through the Rag guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) to promote mTORC1 translocation to the lysosomal surface, its site of activation. Although progress has been made in identifying positive regulators of the Rags, it ...
Kawakami Yasuhiko Y Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, Stem Cell Institute, Developmental Biology Center, University of Minnesota, 6-160 Jackson Hall, 321 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2013
In recent years, the function of retinoic acid (RA) in limb development has been debated. In this issue of Cell Reports, Cunningham et al. show that RA antagonizes fibroblast growth factors for limb initiation, but not for limb patterning.
Orlowski Piotr - - 2013
Hydrolyzable tannins are known to exhibit diverse biological effects, which can be used in combination with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In this study, we tested toxic and inflammatory properties of tannic-acid modified 13, 33, 46 nm and unmodified 10-65 nm AgNPs using murine 291.03C keratinocyte and RAW 264.7 monocyte cell lines. ...
Nadzirin Nurul - - 2013
We describe a server that allows the interrogation of the Protein Data Bank for hypothetical 3D side chain patterns that are not limited to known patterns from existing 3D structures. A minimal side chain description allows a variety of side chain orientations to exist within the pattern, and generic side ...
Liu Qingbo - - 2013
GluB is a substrate-binding protein (SBP) which participates in the uptake of glutamic acid in Corynebacterium glutamicum, a Gram-positive bacterium. It is part of an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter system. Together with the transmembrane proteins GluC and GluD and the cytoplasmic protein GluA, which couples the hydrolysis of ATP to ...
Chodok Pichit - - 2013
Two Δ(12)-desaturases associated with the primary steps of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) biosynthesis were successfully cloned from Physcomitrella patens and their functions identified. The open reading frames (ORFs) of PpFAD2-1 and PpFAD2-2 consisted of 1,128 bp and code for 375 amino acids. Their deduced polypeptides showed 62-64 % identity to microsomal ...
Mehmeti Ibrahim I Laboratory of Microbial Gene Technology and Food Microbiology, Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, - - 2013
We show that Enterococcus faecalis can utilize ascorbate for fermentative growth. In chemically defined media, growth yield was limited by the supply of amino acids, and the cells showed a much higher demand for amino acids than when they were grown on glucose.
Oh Hye-Jin - - 2013
Recombinant Escherichia coli, expressing the oleate hydratase gene of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, was permeabilized by sequential treatments with 0.125 M NaCl and 2 mM EDTA. The optimal conditions for the production of 10-hydroxy-12,15(Z,Z)-octadecadienoic acid from α-linolenic acid by permeabilized cells were 35 °C and pH 7.0 with 0.1 % (v/v) Tween 40, 50 g permeabilized cells ...
Shindou Hideo - - 2013
Glycerophospholipids are main components of cellular membranes and have numerous structural and functional roles to regulate cellular functions. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid, are mainly located at the sn-2, but not the sn-1 position of glycerophospholipids in an asymmetrical manner and the fatty acid compositions ...
Bang Sung Woong - - 2013
Human TopBP1 is involved in the DNA damage checkpoint response, chromosome replication, and other functions of cell cycle control. The C-terminal region of TopBP1 (TbpCtr: amino acid residues 1222-1522) is involved in the localization of TopBP1 to the centrosomes during mitosis. Here, we showed that the amino acid residues 741-885 ...
Simon Peter P Institute of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, - - 2013
Fertilization in animals is a complex sequence of several biochemical events beginning with the insemination into the female reproductive tract and, finally, leading to embryogenesis. Studies by Kitajima and co-workers (Miyata, S., Sato, C., and Kitajima, K. (2007) Trends Glycosci. Glyc, 19, 85-98) demonstrated the presence of polysialic acid (polySia) ...
Kamphorst Jurre J JJ Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics and Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2013
Cancer cell growth requires fatty acids to replicate cellular membranes. The kinase Akt is known to up-regulate fatty acid synthesis and desaturation, which is carried out by the oxygen-consuming enzyme stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD)1. We used (13)C tracers and lipidomics to probe fatty acid metabolism, including desaturation, as a function of ...
Xiang Gang - - 2013
Growth of Escherichia coli BL21 in a glycerol minimal medium was accelerated following supplementation with trace amounts of amino acid (0.35 mM). Of 12 amino acids tested, Arg and Ser gave the highest response, increasing cell growth by 63 and 53 %, respectively, compared to control cells. The ability of amino acids ...
Alves Eliana - - 2013
Light activation of photosensitizing dyes in presence of molecular oxygen generates highly cytotoxic reactive oxygen species leading to cell inactivation. Nucleic acids are molecular targets of this photodynamic action but not considered the main cause of cell death. The in vivo effect of the photodynamic process on the intracellular nucleic ...
Kanlayavattanakul Mayuree - - 2013
The antioxidant activities of Salak plum (Salacca edulis) peel extracts were assessed by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothaiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assays. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction was the most potent (DPPHIC50=2.932 ± 0.030 µg/mL, ABTSIC50=7.933 ± 0.049 µg/mL, FRAPEC=7,844.44 ± 40.734). Chlorogenic acid was ...
Calder Philip C - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss recent studies reporting on the influence of fatty acids on gene expression in relation to inflammation and immune responses. RECENT FINDINGS: Saturated fatty acids promote, whereas several n-3 fatty acids, in particular eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, some isomers of ...
Jia Qianqian - - 2013
The dynamic process of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthesis by bacterial consortium in substrates simulating the excess sludge fermentation liquid was in-depth investigated in this study. The maximum PHA content and PHA yield was obtained with 62.43% of the dry cell and 0.71g/L which is the highest under high initial carbon concentration ...
Wan Xia - - 2013
In oleaginous fungus Cunninghamella echinulata, Δ9-fatty acid desaturase introduces the first double bond into a saturated fatty acid. Three distinct genes, designated as d9dma, d9dmb and d9dmc, all encoding putative Δ9-fatty acid desaturases were isolated from this strain. The predicted proteins showed 79-87 % identity to other fungal Δ9-fatty acid desaturases. ...
Guan Xiuwen - - 2013
A novel pH-sensitive charge-conversion shielding system was designed by the electrostatic binding of polyethylenimine (PEI)-poly(L-lysine)-poly(L-glutamic acid) (PELG), PEI, and cis-aconityl-doxorubicin (CAD). Doxorubicin (DOX) was modified by cis-aconityl linkage to form acid-sensitive CAD, which was then adsorbed by the positively charged PEI. The PEI/CAD complexes were subsequently shielded with the pH-responsive ...
Naether Daniela J DJ Department of Environmental Microbiology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, - - 2013
The marine hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium Alcanivorax borkumensis is able to degrade mixtures of n-alkanes as they occur in marine oil spills. However, investigations of growth behavior and physiology of these bacteria when cultivated with n-alkanes of different chain lengths (C6 to C30) as the substrates are still lacking. Growth rates increased ...
Krokowski Dawid D Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2013
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced responses are associated with the loss of insulin-producing β-cells in type 2 diabetes mellitus. β-Cell survival during ER stress is believed to depend on decreased protein synthesis rates that are mediated via phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor eIF2α. It is reported here that chronic ER ...
Macfarlane Robert J - - 2013
A nanoparticle-based analogue to the Periodic Table of the elements, where rather than arranging entries by electronic configuration, we arrange them by nanoscale architectural feature (e.g., composition, size, shape, and surface functionality). Using this table as a guide, we discuss the design considerations associated with using nucleic acids to assemble ...
Sadhu Kalyan K - - 2013
Reactions templated by cellular nucleic acids are attractive for nucleic acid sensing or responsive systems. Herein we report the use of a photocatalyzed reductive cleavage of an immolative linker to unmask a rhodamine fluorophore, and its application to miRNA imaging. The reaction was found to proceed with a very high ...
Gu Zhennan Z State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China - - 2013
AKT is a serine-threonine protein kinase that plays important roles in cell growth, proliferation and apoptosis. It is activated after binding to phosphatidylinositol phosphates (PIPs) with phosphate groups at positions 3,4 and 3,4,5 on the inositol ring. In spite of extensive research on AKT, one aspect has been largely overlooked, ...
Ionescu Nicoleta N Faculty of Life Sciences, London Metropolitan University, 166-220 Holloway Road, London, N7 8DB - - 2013
Docosahexaenoic (DHA) and arachidonic acids (AA) are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), major components of brain tissue and neural systems, and the precursors of a number of biologically active metabolites with functions in inflammation resolution, neuroprotection and other actions. As PUFAs are highly susceptible to peroxidation, we hypothesised whether cigarette smokers ...
Ho James C S JC Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Glycobiology (MIG), Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Sölvegatan 23, S-223 62 Lund, - - 2013
Long-chain fatty acids are internalized by receptor-mediated mechanisms or receptor-independent diffusion across cytoplasmic membranes and are utilized as nutrients, building blocks, and signaling intermediates. Here we describe how the association of long-chain fatty acids to a partially unfolded, extracellular protein can alter the presentation to target cells and cellular effects. ...
Xie Wei-Hong - - 2013
The marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, a widely used forage species, has a storage lipid content of up to 30% dry cell weight. To explore the mechanism behind the high storage lipid accumulation in this diatom, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase), which catalyzes the first committed step of the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway, ...
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