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Oyola-Robles Delise D Department of Biochemistry, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan, 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increasing the production of fatty acids by microbial fermentation remains an important step toward the generation of biodiesel and other portable liquid fuels. In this work, we report an Escherichia coli strain engineered to overexpress a fragment consisting of four dehydratase domains from the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) synthase enzyme ...
Ferruti Paolo P Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via C. Golgi 19, 20133, Milano, Italy; Consorzio Interuniversitario di Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali (INSTM), Via G. Giusti 9, 50121, Firenze, Italy. - - 2014
A linear amphoteric poly(amidoamino acid), L-ARGO7, is prepared by Michael-type polyaddition of L-arginine with N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide. Chain-extension of acrylamide end-capped L-ARGO7 oligomers with piperazine leads to high-molecular-weight copolymers in which L-arginine maintains its absolute configuration. Acid/base properties of L-ARGO7 polymers show isolectric points of ≈10 and positive net average charges per ...
Lee Jaehoo - - 2013
In this study, we employed the metabolomic approach to identify the key constituent exerting anti-inflammatory activity in murine macrophage Raw264.7 cells. Among the 6 different fractions (SF1~SF6) of the strawberry, 'Seolhyang', SF4 showed more significant inhibition on iNOS expression than SF3, and ellagic acid was determined as the most significant ...
Oh Jung Min - - 2013
We aimed to develop a cell culture model of type 2 diabetes by treating SK-Hep-1 cells with four free fatty acids [i.e., palmitic acid, stearic acid (SA), linoleic acid and oleic acid]. The results showed that Akt phosphorylation was increased in SK-Hep-1 cells treated with insulin in a time- and ...
Bröer Stefan - - 2013
Transporters of the SLC38 family are found in all cell types of the body. They mediate Na(+)-dependent net uptake and efflux of small neutral amino acids. As a result they are particularly expressed in cells that grow actively, or in cells that carry out significant amino acid metabolism, such as ...
Küch Eva-Maria - - 2013
The acyl-CoA synthetase 4 (ACSL4) has been implicated in carcinogenesis and neuronal development. Acyl-CoA synthetases are essential enzymes of lipid metabolism, and ACSL4 is distinguished by its preference for arachidonic acid. Two human ACSL4 isoforms arising from differential splicing were analyzed by ectopic expression in COS cells. We found that ...
Dickinson Jared M JM Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, - - 2013
To highlight recent research on amino acid sensing and signaling and the role of amino acid transporters in the regulation of human skeletal muscle protein metabolism. The mechanisms that sense amino acid availability and activate mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 signaling and protein synthesis are emerging, with multiple new ...
Ichi Ikuyo - - 2013
In mammals, 5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (Mead acid, 20:3n-9) is synthesized from oleic acid during a state of essential fatty acid deficiency (EFAD). Mead acid is thought to be produced by the same enzymes that synthesize arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid, but the genes and the pathways involved in the conversion of ...
Hanke Thomas - - 2013
Dual inhibition of microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) is currently pursued as potential pharmacological strategy for treatment of inflammation and cancer. Here we present a series of 26 novel 2-aminothiazole-featured pirinixic acid derivatives as dual 5-LO/mPGES-1 inhibitors with improved potency (exemplified by compound 16 (2-[(4-chloro-6-{[4-(naphthalen-2-yl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]amino}pyrimidin-2-yl)sulfanyl]octanoic acid) with ...
Meng Hongzhou - - 2013
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the leading causes of death in the elderly men. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) regulate proliferation of cancer cells. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of various PUFAs on the proliferation and survival of human prostate cancer (PC-3) and human prostate epithelial (RWPE-1) ...
Hossain Gazi Sakir - - 2013
The goal of this work was to develop an immobilized whole-cell biocatalytic process for the environment-friendly synthesis of α-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG) from l-glutamic acid. We compared the suitability of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis strains overexpressing Proteus mirabilisl-amino acid deaminase (l-AAD) as potential biocatalysts. Although both recombinant strains were biocatalytically ...
Yao Gui-Yang - - 2013
Maleopimaric acid N-aryl imides (2) and methyl maleopimaric acid N-aryl imides (3) were designed and synthesized. Their atropisomers (A and B) were separated into their enantiomeric pure forms and the anti-proliferative activity was tested against NCI, A549, Hep G-2, MGC-803 and Hct-116 cell lines, respectively. A significant difference in the ...
Kriel Allison A Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
The nucleotide (p)ppGpp inhibits GTP biosynthesis in the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis. Here we examined how this regulation allows cells to grow in the absence of amino acids. We showed that B. subtilis cells lacking (p)ppGpp, due to either deletions or point mutations in all three (p)ppGpp synthetase genes, yjbM, ...
Basak Geetanjali - - 2013
In the present study, the yeast species isolated from CETP, Vellore, Tamilnadu was identified as Cryptococcus sp.VITGBN2 based on molecular techniques and was found to be the potent producer of acidic diacetate sophorolipid in mineral salt media containing vegetable oil as additional carbon source. Chemical structure of the purified biosurfactant ...
Bush Nikki C - - 2013
In the fasting state, plasma free fatty acids (FFA) are thought to derive almost exclusively from adipose tissue lipolysis. However, there are mixed reports as to whether the spillover of fatty acids (FA) from very low-density lipoprotein triglyceride (VLDL-TG) hydrolysis contributes significantly to the plasma FFA pool. Because substantial VLDL-TG ...
Soto-Vaca Adriana - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, and circulating free fatty acids (FFAs) are known risk factors associated with cardiovascular inflammation. The influence of 14 dietary FFAs (including saturated, mono- and polyunsaturated, and trans) on the expression of inflammatory markers in human coronary arterial smooth ...
Amano Yuji - - 2013
Cell surface receptors ubiquitylated after ligand stimulation are internalized and delivered to the lysosomal pathway for degradation. Ubiquitylated receptors are captured by ESCRT protein complexes that sort them to the lysosomal pathway. Hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate (Hrs) is a component of endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT)-0 ...
Jin Guojie - - 2013
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are attractive biofuel molecules. Conventional FAEEs production process uses triglycerides and ethanol as feedstocks and is sensitive to water contents. In this work, we show that the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides cells are capable of converting lipids into FAEEs intracellularly in aqueous phase. Up to ...
Ma Kedong - - 2013
The development of a low-cost polymer-grade l-lactic acid production process was achieved in this study. Excess sludge hydrolyzate (ESH) was chosen as nutrient source for the objective of reducing nutrient cost in lactic acid production. 1% of ESH had high performance in lactic acid production relative to 2g/l yeast extract ...
Cao Yi - - 2013
The diversity of deep-sea high-pressure-adapted (piezophilic) microbes in isolated monoculture remains low. In this study, a novel obligately psychropiezophilic bacterium was isolated from seawater collected from the Puerto Rico Trench at a depth of ∼ 6,000 m. This isolate, designated YC-1, grew best in a nutrient rich marine medium with ...
Repossi G - - 2013
Experimental, clinical and epidemiological evidences suggest that quantity and quality of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) play a significant role in the development of cancer. But the mechanisms involved in this interaction(s) between dietary intake of PUFAs and cancer are not clear. Cannabinoids are known to have growth modulatory actions. ...
Inaba Maiko - - 2013
Glycerophospholipids are known to be hydrolyzed in the intestinal lumen into free fatty acids and lysophospholipids that are then absorbed by the intestinal epithelial cells. A monolayer of enterocyte-differentiated Caco-2 cell is often used to assess the intestinal bioavailability of nutrients. In this study, we examined how differentiated Caco-2 cells ...
Cortesi Rita - - 2013
Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) consisting of tristearin or tribehenin, and monoolein aqueous dispersions (MAD) consisting of glyceryl-monoolein have been studied as potential nanocarriers for nucleic acids. The cationic character of nanocarriers was obtained by adding cationic surfactants, such as diisobutylphenoxyethyl-dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride (DEBDA) or PEG-15 Cocopolyamine (PCPA), to the lipid ...
Quiroga P L - - 2013
Epidemiological and experimental studies indicated that both retinoic acid (RA) and unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) have antineoplastic properties. But, paradoxically, data about the relevance of the summing action of these nutritional factors are scarce. We evaluated possible synergetic anti-cancer effects of RA and UFAs on breast cancer cells in vitro. ...
Zanetti Samanta R - - 2013
Cadmium is known to harm rat testis by causing the dose-dependent apoptotic or necrotic death of seminiferous epithelium cells. Here we investigated how this affects the lipids with long-chain (C18-C22) and very-long-chain (C24-C32) polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFA) typical of spermatogenic and Sertoli cells. A severe acute inflammatory reaction resulted from ...
Fan Jilian - - 2013
Phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase (PDAT) and diacylglycerol:acyl-CoA acyltransferase play overlapping roles in triacylglycerol (TAG) assembly in Arabidopsis and are essential for seed and pollen development, but the functional importance of PDAT in vegetative tissues remains largely unknown. Taking advantage of the Arabidopsis tgd1-1 mutant that accumulates oil in vegetative tissues, we demonstrate ...
Chen Yao-Sheng - - 2013
Zebrafish Δ-5/Δ-6 fatty acid desaturase (Z-FADS) catalyzes the cascade synthesis of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), thereby playing a pivotal role in several biological processes. In the current study, we report that the Z-FADS protein exists in close proximity to certain cytochrome b5 reductases (CYB5R2 and 3) and elongases (ELOVL2, ...
Maâlej Lobna - - 2013
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of ultraviolet radiations (UV-C) on the fatty acids composition of three serovars of Salmonella: S. typhimurium, S. hadar and S. zanzibar. Results obtained show that UV-C treatment increases significantly (P ≤ 0.05) the percentage of cyclic fatty acids. The atomic force microscopy ...
Shulga Yulia V - - 2013
We have studied the relationship between diacylglycerol kinase delta (DGKδ) and lipogenesis. There is a marked increase in the expression of DGKδ during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells to adipocytes, as well as in the synthesis of neutral and polar lipids. When 3T3-L1 undifferentiated fibroblasts are transfected to express DGKδ ...
Basak Sanjay - - 2013
Angiogenesis is involved in the growth of new blood vessels from the existing one. Consequently, angiogenesis plays an indispensable role in tissue growth and repair including early placentation processes. Besides angiogenic growth factors (vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4), placental growth factor (PlGF), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), ...
Kuwata Hiroshi - - 2013
Acyl coenzyme A synthetase long-chain family members (ACSLs) are a family of enzymes that convert long-chain free fatty acids into their acyl-CoAs and play an important role in fatty acid metabolism. Here we show the role of ACSL isozymes in interleukin (IL)-1β-induced arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism in rat fibroblastic 3Y1 ...
Stookey Jodi D JD Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute Oakland, - - 2013
Biomarkers of chronic cell hydration status are needed to determine whether chronic hyperosmotic stress increases chronic disease risk in population-representative samples. In vitro, cells adapt to chronic hyperosmotic stress by upregulating protein breakdown to counter the osmotic gradient with higher intracellular amino acid concentrations. If cells are subsequently exposed to ...
Salem Mohamed M Department of Biology, Middle Tennessee State University Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 37132 ; Division of Animal and Nutritional Science, West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia, - - 2013
Muscle degradation occurs as a response to various physiological states that are regulated by specific molecular mechanisms. Previously, we characterized the metabolic changes of muscle deterioration of the female rainbow trout at full sexual maturity and spawning (Salem et al., Physiol. Genomics 2006;28:33-45; J. Proteomics 2010;73:778-789). Muscle deterioration in this ...
Seidel Carole - - 2013
Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate cellular processes by modifying the acetylation status of many proteins. Pathologically altered HDAC activity contributes to cancer development and thus characterization of novel acetylation modulators is important for future anti-cancer therapies. In this study, we identified three novel 4-hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives as ...
Tabanelli Giulia - - 2013
High Pressure of Homogenization (HPH) has been proposed to be applied directly to lactic acid bacteria cells at sub-lethal levels in order to enhance some functional properties. Since the principal target of HPH are the cell surface envelope structures, the aim of this work was to study the effect of ...
Li Qin - - 2013
It is not clear whether pseudoallergic reactions are caused by similar mechanisms as type I allergic reactions. 3‑Caffeoylquinic acid (chlorogenic acid) is an active ingredient in traditional Chinese medicines used for antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and cholagogic purposes. It is assumed to be the reason for the high allergic reaction rates associated with ...
Zhang Xiaojin - - 2013
Phenylboronic acid-functionalized amphiphilic block copolymer Pluronic-PMCC-BA was synthesized via ring-opening polymerization of 5-methyl-5-benzyloxycarbonyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one (MBC) with fumaric acid as a catalyst followed by the deprotection of carboxyl groups by catalyzed hydrogenation and the condensation of 3-aminophenylboronic acid with the copolymer side groups. Pluronic-PMCC-BA can form stable micelle solution by self-assembly in ...
Nam Hyang - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of ursolic acid, a triterpene, on induction of apoptosis in human colon adenocarcinoma cells, SW480. The cells treated with nontoxic concentration of ursolic acid showed the presence of apoptotic bodies and DNA fragmentation in a dose dependent manner. Both the ...
Choi In Taek - - 2013
The Y-shaped, low molecular mass, hole-conductor (HC), acidic coadsorbents 4-{3,7-bis[4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl]-10H-phenothiazin-10-yl}benzoic acid (PTZ1) and 4-{3,7-bis[4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)phenyl]-10H-phenothiazin-10-yl}biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid (PTZ2) were developed. Owing to their tuned and negative-shifted HOMO levels (vs. NHE), they were used as HC coadsorbents in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to improve cell performance through desired cascade-type hole-transfer processes. Their detailed ...
Ozturk Sahlan - - 2014
In the present study, chromium, cadmium and metal mixed (chromium+cadmium) removal and its association with exopolysaccharides and uronic acids production in Synechocystis sp. BASO671 were investigated. It was investigated that BASO671 showed different removal ability when exposed to each metal solely and mixed metal. EPS production by BASO671 was increased ...
Daak Ahmed A - - 2013
We investigated whether or not Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (omega-3 LCPUFA) supplementation exacerbates oxidative stress in homozygous sickle cell patients aged 2 to 14 years. Depending on their age, they received between one and three omega-3 (277.8mg DHA and 39.0mg EPA/capsule) or placebo (high oleic acid sunflower seed oil) ...
Pruitt Margaret M - - 2013
The arginine of the D/E/NRY motif in Rhodopsin family G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is conserved in 96% of these proteins. In some GPCRs, this arginine in transmembrane 3 can form a salt bridge with an aspartic acid or glutamic acid in transmembrane 6. The Drosophila melanogaster GPCR Trapped in endoderm-1 ...
Crowe M A MA GNS Science, Extremophile Research Group, Private Bag 2000, Taupo 3352, New - - 2014
An aerobic, thermophilic, moderately acidophilic non-spore-forming bacterium, strain K22(T), was isolated from geothermally heated soil at Mount Ngauruhoe, New Zealand. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, K22(T) was shown to belong to subdivision 4 of the phylum Acidobacteria and to be most closely related to 'Candidatus Chloracidobacterium ...
Byersdorfer Craig A - - 2013
Activated T cells require increased energy to proliferate and to mediate effector functions, but the metabolic changes that occur in T cells following stimulation in vivo are poorly understood, particularly in the context of inflammation. We have previously shown that T cells activated during graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) primarily rely on ...
Alhasan Ali H - - 2013
Exosomes are a class of naturally occurring nanomaterials that play crucial roles in the protection and transport of endogenous macromolecules, such as microRNA and mRNA, over long distances. Intense effort is underway to exploit the use of exosomes to deliver synthetic therapeutics. Herein, transmission electron microscopy is used to show ...
Vynnytska-Myronovska Bozhena - - 2013
Increased amino acid requirement of malignant cells is exploited in metabolic antitumor therapy, e.g., enzymotherapies based on arginine or methionine deprivation. However, studies on animal models and clinical trials revealed that solid tumors are much less susceptible to single amino acid starvation than could be expected from the in vitro ...
Zdraljevic Stefan - - 2013
Organic acids derived from engineered microbes can replace fossil-derived chemicals in many applications. Fungal hosts are preferred for organic acid production because they tolerate lignocellulosic hydrolysates and low pH, allowing economic production and recovery of the free acid. However, cell death caused by cytosolic acidification constrains productivity. Cytosolic acidification affects ...
Hayashi Keitaro - - 2013
Activation of T cells accompanies remarkable enhancement of metabolism. Sufficient and continuous nutrient supply is therefore important to support immune reaction in T cells. However, the mechanism of the promotion of nutrient incorporation in activated T cells has not been elucidated. In this study, we show that L-type amino acid ...
Fan Jing J From the Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics - - 2013
Acetyl-CoA is an important anabolic precursor for lipid biosynthesis. In the conventional view of mammalian metabolism, acetyl-CoA is primarily derived by the oxidation of glucose-derived pyruvate in mitochondria. Recent studies have employed isotope tracers to show that in cancer cells grown in hypoxia or with defective mitochondria, a major fraction ...
Ohtera Anna - - 2013
6-Octadecynoic acid (6-ODA), a fatty acid with a triple bond, was identified in the methanol extract of Marrubium vulgare L. as an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ). Fibrogenesis caused by hepatic stellate cells is inhibited by PPARγ whose ligands are clinically used for the treatment of diabetes. Plant ...
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