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Results 401 - 450 of 2847
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Suzuki Yoko - - 2013
We identified two compounds that demonstrated 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity from cultures of Lactobacillus plantarum. Spectroscopic analyses proved these compounds to be L-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) lactic acid (HPLA) and L-indole-3-lactic acid (ILA). The respective EC50 values for HPLA and ILA were 36.6 ± 4.3 mM and 13.4 ± 1.0 mM.
Winkler Henning - - 2013
Being completely bio-based, fatty acid starch esters (FASEs) are attractive materials that represent an alternative to crude oil-based plastics. In this study, two synthesis methods were compared in terms of their efficiency, toxicity and, especially, product solubility with starch laurate (C12) as model compound. Laurates (DS>2) were obtained through transesterification ...
Sakharov Ivan Yu - - 2013
Using a full factorial design the optimization of experimental conditions of enhanced chemiluminescence reaction (ECR) catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the presence of 3-(10'-phenothiazinyl)propionic acid (PPA) as a primary enhancer was performed. The effect of concentrations of PPA, hydrogen peroxide, MORPH, luminol, and Tris on a ratio of peroxidase-catalyzed ...
Echavarría Ap - - 2013
The formation of soluble melanoidins from a single combination of sugar (fructose) and amino acid model systems were evaluated kinetically. The selected amino acids, commonly found in apple juice and highly reactive in the Maillard reaction, were asparagine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid. The effect of these reagents and the ...
Hunter Rebecca A RA Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2013
Standard photolithographic techniques and a nitric oxide (NO) selective xerogel polymer were utilized to fabricate an amperometric NO microfluidic sensor with low background noise and the ability to analyze NO levels in small sample volumes (~250 μL). The sensor exhibited excellent analytical performance in phosphate buffered saline, including a NO ...
Peng Yue - - 2013
The SCR activities of MoO3-CeO2 catalysts are enhanced by both Lewis and Brønsted acidities provided by surface cerium atoms and amorphous MoO3 structures, respectively, but are suppressed by stable adsorbed nitrate or nitrite species on the defect sites of CeO2.
Prasad Bhim Bali - - 2013
A new molecularly imprinted polymer-matrix (titanium dioxide nanoparticle/multiwalled carbon nanotubes) nanocomposite was developed for the modification of pencil graphite electrode as an enantioselective sensing probe for aspartic acid isomers, prevalent at ultra trace level in aqueous and real samples. The nanocomposite having many shape complementary cavities was synthesized adopting surface ...
Mahfoudhi Nesrine - - 2013
The use of coatings is a technique used to increase postharvest life of the fruit. Almond gum exudate was used, in comparison with gum arabic, at concentrations of 10% as a novel edible coating, to preserve the quality parameters of tomato (Solanumlycopersicum). Fruits were harvested at the mature-green stage of ...
Miura Katsuyuki K Department of Health Science, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan. - - 2013
In short-term feeding trials, replacement of other macronutrients with monounsaturated fatty acid reduces blood pressure. However, observational studies have not clearly demonstrated a relationship between monounsaturated fatty acid intake and blood pressure. We report associations of monounsaturated fatty acid intake of individuals with blood pressure in a cross-sectional study. The ...
Jindal Kajal - - 2013
Nitrogen-doped zinc oxide thin films (ZnO:N) have been realized as a potential matrix for the development of a uric acid biosensor. The correlation between the change in property of the ZnO film with N doping concentration and its biosensing response has been studied. The nitrogen dopant in a ZnO film ...
Hwang Ko-Eun - - 2013
Raw and deep fried chicken nuggets containing various levels of ganghwayakssuk ethanolic extract (GE) in combination with ascorbic acid (Aa) were evaluated for shelf-life during refrigerated storage (4°C). The pH and color (lightness, redness, and yellowness) values of raw and deep fried samples were significantly affected by the addition of ...
Nadler André - - 2013
Caged compounds are designed to release biologically active signaling molecules with temporal, spatial, and even subcellular resolution. But how localized does the signal stay? Using the example of diacylglycerol, some signal responses (PKC) are shown to remain spatially distinct while other signals ([Ca(2+) ]i ) spread across the entire cell. ...
Zhou Miao - - 2013
A simple and novel supramolecular hydrogel was prepared from ferrocene (Fc) modified amino acid phenylalanine (F) and utilized as electrochemical immunosensing platform for the detection of human IgG. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) characterization indicated that the hydrogel is composed of fibrils with diameter around 50-100nm and length extend to 1mm. ...
Lu Zexiang - - 2013
Acidic ionic liquids (AILs) as a novel catalyst in biomass liquefaction can accord with the demand of green chemistry and enhance the development of biomass thermal chemical conversion. A series of AILs containing HSO4- were synthesized by the imidazolium cation functionalization and applied to the Chinese fir sawdust liquefaction in ...
Li Chuanchang - - 2013
A novel mineral-based composite phase change materials (PCMs) was prepared via vacuum impregnation method assisted with microwave-acid treatment of the graphite (G) and bentonite (B) mixture. Graphite and microwave-acid treated bentonite mixture (GBm) had more loading capacity and higher crystallinity of stearic acid (SA) in the SA/GBm composite. The SA/GBm ...
Nasser Abdelhamid Hani - - 2013
The present study introduces two novel organic matrices for matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) for the analysis of small molecules. The first matrix is "2-amino-4,5-diphenylfuran-3-carboxylic acid" (also called furoic acid, FA) which was synthesized and then characterized by ultraviolet (UV), infrared (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance NMR ((1)H and ...
Lu Yuanyuan Y State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, - - 2013
Chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid were selected as test samples for separation by the pH-zone-refining countercurrent chromatography (CCC). The separation of these test samples was performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of methyl-tert-butyl-ether/acetonitrile/water at a volume ratio of 4:1:5 v/v/v where trifluoroacetic acid (TFA; 8 mM) was added to ...
Tan Hooi Teng - - 2013
Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) is abundantly available in Malaysia and it is a potential source of xylose for the production of high-value added products. This study aimed to optimize the hydrolysis of EFB using dilute sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and phosphoric acid (H3PO4) via response surface methodology for maximum ...
Jaramillo Oscar Johnny - - 2013
This study unifies contradictory conclusions reported in literature on acid hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials, using batch and plug flow reactors, regarding the influence of the initial liquid ratio of acid aqueous solution to solid lignocellulosic material on sugar yield and concentration. The proposed model takes into account the volume change ...
Limón Piedad M - - 2013
The multiequilibrium system of reactions of cyanidin 3-glucoside at acidic and mildly acidic pH values was studied in the presence of caffeine as a copigment. The thermodynamic and kinetic constants were determined using the so-called direct and reverse pH jump experiments that were followed by conventional UV-vis spectroscopy or stopped ...
Long Bo - - 2013
The gas-phase reactions of sulfuric acid catalyzed hydrolysis of formaldehyde and formaldehyde with sulfuric acid and H2SO4…H2O complex are investigated employing the high-level quantum chemical calculations with M062X and CCSD(T) theoretical methods and the conventional transition state theory (CTST) with Eckart tunneling correction. The calculated results show that the energy ...
Kaur Balwinder - - 2013
In this paper, we report the synthesis of silver nanoparticle-decorated reduced graphene oxide composite (AgNPs/rGO) by heating the mixture of graphene oxide and silver nitrate aqueous solution in the presence of sodium hydroxide. This material was characterized by means of X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. AgNPs/rGO based ...
Guo Xuan - - 2013
During L-glutamate production, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and pyruvate carboxylase (PCx) play important roles in supplying oxaloacetate to the tricarboxylic acid cycle. To explore the significance of PCx for L-glutamate overproduction, the pyc gene encoding PCx was amplified in Corynebacterium glutamicum GDK-9 triggered by biotin limitation and CN1021 triggered by a temperature ...
Mazumder Mrinmoy - - 2013
This work addresses the changes in the phytohormonal signature in the recognition of the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Alternaria brassicicola by susceptible Brassica juncea and resistant Sinapis alba. Although B. juncea, S. alba and Arabidopsis all belong to the same family, Brassicaceae, the phytohormonal response of susceptible B. juncea towards this pathogen is unique ...
Dong Jingyu - - 2013
Boric acid-based fluorescent complex probe of BBV-HPTS (boronic acid-based benzyl viologen (BBV) and hydroxypyrene trisulfonic acid trisodium salt (HPTS)) was rarely used for sensitive sensing of saccharide (especially glycoprotein) via electrophoresis. We proposed a novel model of moving supramolecule boundary (MSB) formed with monosaccharide or glycoprotein in microcolumn and the ...
Filik Hayati - - 2013
An electrochemical sensor composed of Nafion-graphene nanocomposite film for the voltammetric determination of caffeic acid (CA) was studied. A Nafion graphene oxide-modified glassy carbon electrode was fabricated by a simple drop-casting method and then graphene oxide was electrochemically reduced over the glassy carbon electrode. The electrochemical analysis method was based ...
Arlyapov V A - - 2013
An amperometric biosensor for assessing the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) was formed by immobilizing Debaryomyces hansenii VKM Y-2482 yeast cells in poly(vinyl alcohol) modified by N-vinylpyrrolidone. Modification provided for a high sensitivity and stability of the bioreceptor. A high oxidative activity of the receptor element and the absence of any ...
Spettel Sara - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the in vivo ability to predict uric acid stone composition by Hounsfield units (HU) with the addition of urine parameters. METHODS: We reviewed all consecutive stones sent for analysis during a 4-year period from our institution for patients with an in-house computed tomography (CT) scan within the prior ...
Jia Shuting - - 2013
To improve short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production from waste activated sludge (WAS), studies that focus on pre-treatment methods, pH control or adding extra carbon like rice were reported. In this study, a kind of green waste (perennial ryegrass) was used as carbon source to adjust carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) ...
Liu Long - - 2013
In this work, the subsite -3 of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) from Paenibacillus maceras was engineered to improve maltodextrin specificity for 2-O-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2G) synthesis. Specifically, the site-saturation mutagenesis of tyrosine 89, asparagine 94, aspartic acid 196, and aspartic acid 372 in subsite -3 was separately performed, and three mutants Y89F ...
Xia Hui - - 2013
The present work describes a new solution-free strategy for preparation of cluster-like nano/micro CuO/ZnO particles in dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) in which the brass acts as the inner electrode. The cataluminescence (CTL) behaviour of such prepared material for acetic acid was studied for analytical application. Under the optimized conditions, the ...
Muralidharan Ranjani - - 2013
Present formic acid fuel cell efficiency is limited by low kinetics at the anode, indicating the need for effective catalysts to improve the formic acid oxidation. As a prerequisite, the nature of adsorbed species and specifically the reaction intermediates formed in this process needs to be examined. This work focuses ...
Kato Dai-Ichiro - - 2013
We identified the critical amino acid residues for substrate recognition using two firefly luciferases from Pylocoeria miyako (PmL) and Hotaria parvura (HpL), as these two luciferase enzymes exhibit different activities toward ketoprofen. Specifically, PmL can catalyze the apparent enantioselective thioesterification reaction, while HpL cannot. By comparing the amino acid sequences ...
D'Alonzo Daniele - - 2013
De gustibus: β-homoDNA has the singular property of being able to pair with homochiral complements of opposite chirality, with a greater stability than that observed in the corresponding isochiral complexes. Relevant to etiological investigations on nucleic acid structure, these results suggest the existence of a relationship between carbohydrate structure and ...
Kumar Chanchal - - 2013
Enterobacter asburiae PSI3 is known to efficiently solubilize rock phosphate by secretion of approximately 50 mM gluconic acid in Tris-buffered medium in the presence of 75 mM glucose and in a mixture of seven aldosugars each at 15 mM concentration, mimicking alkaline vertisol soils. Efficacy of this bacterium in the rhizosphere requires P release ...
Kraszni Márta - - 2013
In exploring the capability of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for pomegranate juice analysis, the eight aromatic singlet resonances of α- and β-punicalagin were clearly identified in the (1)H NMR spectra of juice samples. The four downfield resonances were found to be sensitive to small pH changes around pH 3.50 where ...
Slootweg Jack C - - 2013
The lipophilic amino acid, (S)-2-aminoundecanoic acid, was synthesized and incorporated at a number of specific positions within the peptide sequence of anoplin. These lipophilic anoplin analogs showed to be more active against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus compared to native anoplin, while the EC50-value of hemolysis was at least one ...
Du Jiao - - 2013
A Zn(ii) complex was found to exhibit greatly enhanced fluorescence in the presence of histidine but not in the presence of any other amino acids including cysteine. This sensor could also distinguish histidine from other imidazole derivatives.
Soon Pei Che - - 2013
Several important neurotransmitter precursors were hyperpolarized via homogeneous hydrogenation with parahydrogen. Polarization enhancement was achieved for (1)H and (13)C spins by several orders of magnitude compared to thermal spectra. Such large signal enhancements of these molecules could facilitate neurotransmitter studies.
Han Fei - - 2013
Acetylated corn starch (ACS) was synthesized by the reaction of native corn starch (NCS) with acetic anhydride (AA) and acetic acid in an aqueous medium in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) as a catalyst. The factors that could affect the degree of substitution (DS) of corn starch were investigated ...
Barrios Simón E - - 2013
The present work describes the characterization and thermal properties of hydrophobic starch obtained by the esterification of cassava starch with acyl imidazoles, acid chlorides and methyl ester derivatives of fatty acids with n-alkyl chains with 12 to 22 carbon atoms, in order to compare the dependence of their properties as ...
Builders Philip F PF Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Raw Materials Development, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Abuja, Nigeria. - - 2013
Tigernut starch has been isolated and modified by forced retrogradation of the acidic gel by freezing and thawing processes. Relevant physicochemical and functional properties of the new excipient (tigernut starch modified by acid gelation and accelerated (forced) retrogradation (ST(AM))) were evaluated as a direct compression excipient in relation to the ...
Zhou Guodong - - 2013
Utilizing the colorimetric and fluorogenic changes, a system based on polydiacetylenes (PDAs) is developed for the detection of neomycin. The PDA supramolecules polymerized from the mixed liposome composed of N-(3-hydroxyphenyl)pentacosa-10,12-diynamide (PCDA-AP) and pentacosa-10,12-diynoic acid (PCDA) at an optimized ratio of 1:9 display a unique colorimetric change (blue to red) and ...
Kang Duk-Young - - 2013
To investigate the involvement of two melanin-concentrating hormones (MCHs) in skin color change and appetite in flatfish, we isolated two forms of prepro-melanin concentrating hormone (pMCHs) mRNA in the starry flounder Platichthys stellatus and compared their amino acid structures to those of other animals. Then, we examined the relationship of ...
Myles Lauren - - 2013
The ability of triazolium salts to serve as a precatalyst for both an acid and a powerful base/nucleophile (controlled by additives) has been exploited in a process characterised by a unique in situ catalyst modification strategy.
Giacomino S - - 2013
Human consumption of flaxseed is increasing due to its health benefit properties and extrusion processes can enhance its nutritional quality. Extruded flaxseed meal (EFM) obtained in a pilot plant was characterized and incorporated in flour mixes and cereal-based bars to demonstrate its nutritious usefulness. Amino acid content was not affected ...
Chirinos Rosana - - 2013
Fatty acids (FA), phytosterols, tocopherols, phenolic compounds, total carotenoids and hydrophilic and lipophilic ORAC antioxidant capacities were evaluated in 16 cultivars of Sacha inchi (SI) seeds with the aim to valorise them and offer more information on the functional properties of SI seeds. A high α linolenic (α-Ln) fatty acid ...
Plianwong Samarwadee - - 2013
A new method was developed for the estimation of polyethylenimine (PEI) to nucleic acid ratio at which the polyplex was completely formed. The assay relied on the attraction of dichlorofluoresceinate dye to adsorb on self-assembling particles as counterions, as induced by the surface charge of the polyplex which became positive ...
Soto-Barajas Milton Carlos - - 2013
The present study addresses the prediction of the time of ripening and type of mixtures of milk (cow's, ewe's and goat's) in cheeses of varying composition using artificial neural networks (ANN). To accomplish this aim, neural networks were designed using as input data the content of 19 fatty acids obtained ...
Brose Dominic A - - 2013
Chromite ore processing residue (COPR), the solid waste product from the high-temperature alkaline processing of ferrochromite (FeO·CrO), contains Cr(VI) in soluble and insoluble compounds formed in the roasting process. This research investigated tartaric acid in combination with Mn and isopropyl alcohol (IPOH ) as co-reductants for reagent- and COPR-derived Cr(VI). ...
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