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Results 251 - 300 of 2842
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Segatin Nataša - - 2013
Model vegetable oil mixtures with significantly different basic oil quality indices (free fatty acid, iodine and Totox values) were prepared by adding oleic acids, synthetic saturated triglycerides, or oxidized safflower oil (Carthamus tinctorius) to the oleic type of sunflower oil. Dielectric constants, dielectric loss factors, quality factors, and electrical conductivities ...
Liu Yilan - - 2013
Microbial production of fatty acids and fatty alcohols has attracted increasing concerns because of energy crisis and environmental impact of fossil fuels. Therefore, simple and efficient methods for the extraction and quantification of these compounds become necessary. In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography-refractive index detection (HPLC-RID) method was developed ...
Qin Xiao-Li XL College of Food Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, People's Republic of China; College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510640, People's Republic of - - 2013
T1 lipase has received considerable attention due to its thermostability. Fatty acid specificity of T1 lipase (crude and purified) was investigated, and its potential in the synthesis of acylglycerols was also evaluated. Fatty acid specificity of T1 lipase (crude and purified) was investigated in the esterification of fatty acids (C6:0 ...
Aiken Christopher Geoffrey Alexander CG Neonatal Unit, Labcare Pathology, Pharmacy and Medical Records Taranaki Base Hospital , New Plymouth, New Zealand - - 2013
Objective: To establish that arterial blood carbonic acid varies inversely with lactic acid in accordance with bicarbonate exchanging for lactate across cell membranes through the anion exchange mechanism to maintain the Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium. Study Design: Over 5 years, lactate was measured on all blood gases taken from neonatal admissions, as ...
Orozco Angela M - - 2013
The urgent need for alternative renewable energies to supplement petroleum-based fuels and the reduction of landfill sites for disposal of solid wastes makes it increasingly attractive to produce inexpensive biofuels from the organic fraction of the municipal solid waste. Therefore, municipal waste in the form of newspaper was investigated as ...
Spiga Fabio M - - 2013
A more specific and intense signal is desirable for most kinds of biosensors for biomedical or environmental applications, and it is especially so for label-free biosensors. In this paper, we show that hybridization chain reaction (HCR) can be exploited for the easily detectable accumulation of nucleic acids on metal surfaces ...
Cwik Paweł P Department of Microbioanalytics, Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Noakowskiego 3, 00-664 Warsaw, - - 2014
Gold electrodes were functionalized with thiolated phenylboronic acids or by sequential immobilization of alkanethiols with terminal carboxylic groups and conjugation with aminophenylboronic acids. The stepwise assembly of organic molecules was characterized by several voltammetric techniques with systematic monitoring of surface coverage of organic molecules anchored to the gold electrodes. The ...
Eissa Shimaa Hassan Hassan - - 2013
This work describes the selection and identification of DNA aptamers that bind with high affinity and specificity to okadaic acid (OA), a lipophilic marine biotoxin that accumulates in shellfish. The aptamers selected using systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) exhibited dissociation constants in the nanomolar range. The aptamer ...
Berardinelli Annachiara - - 2013
The main aim of the present research is to assess the possibility of quick screening of fatty acid alkyl esters (FAAE) in olive oils using time domain reflectometry (TDR) and PLS multivariate statistical analysis. Eighteen virgin olive oil samples with fatty acid alkyl ester contents and fatty acid ethyl ester/methyl ...
Reyes-Reveles Juan - - 2013
Dendrimer chemistries have virtually exploded in recent years with increasing interest in this class of polymers as gene delivery vehicles. An effective nucleic acid delivery vehicle must efficiently bind its cargo and form physically stable complexes. Most importantly, the nucleic acid must be protected in biological fluids and tissues, as ...
Lin Hui - - 2013
The electrochemical mineralization of environmentally persistent long-chain perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs), i.e., perfluorononanoic acid (C8F17COOH, PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (C9F19COOH, PFDA) was investigated in aqueous solutions (0.25 mmol L(-1)) over Ti/SnO2-Sb-Ce (SnO2), Ti/SnO2-Sb/Ce-PbO2 (PbO2), and Ti/BDD (BDD) anodes under galvanostatic control at room temperature. Based on PFCA decay rate, total ...
Xia Xi - - 2013
Although serum uric acid level appears to be associated with mortality in individuals treated with hemodialysis, the relationship between serum uric acid level and death is uncertain in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Cohort study. 985 patients from a single PD center in South China followed up for a ...
Shin In-Sub - - 2013
A new highly selective probe for biothiols, squarylium dye (SQ), was designed and synthesized. The probe displayed a color change from blue to colorless upon reaction with biothilos such as cysteine (Cys), homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH). The competition experiments revealed that no obvious interference was observed by performing the ...
Lin Lin - - 2013
Batch experiments were carried out on anaerobic digestion of swine manure under 10 % of total solids and 60 g/L of zeolite addition at 35 °C. Four distinctive volatile fatty acid (VFAs) evolution stages were observed during the anaerobic process, i.e., VFA accumulation, acetic acid (HAc) and butyric acid (HBu) utilization, propionic acid ...
Shih Lifan L Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis CA - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that palmitate (PA) can bind specifically and non-specifically to Fe (III) MbCN. The present study has observed PA interaction with physiological states of Fe (II) Mb, and the observations support the hypothesis that Mb may have a potential role in facilitating intracellular fatty acid transport. (1)H ...
Yusubov Mekhman S - - 2013
New powerful hypervalent iodine(v) oxidants, tosylate and mesylate derivatives of 2-iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX), were prepared by the reaction of IBX with the corresponding sulfonic acids. Single crystal X-ray crystallography of the diacetate derivative of IBX-tosylate revealed an unusual heptacoordinated iodine geometry without any significant intermolecular secondary interactions.
Wang Hui-Chen - - 2013
A bis-boronic acid modified electrode for the sensitive and selective determination of glucose concentrations has been developed. The electrochemical characteristics of the sensor with added saccharides were investigated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The bis-boronic acid modified electrode was both sensitive and selective for glucose.
Yang Zhijun - - 2013
We report mass analyzed threshold ionization spectroscopy of supersonically cooled gas phase carboxylic complexes with 9-hydroxy-9-fluorenecarboxylic acid (9HFCA), an analog of glycolic acid. The vibrationally resolved cation spectrum for the 9HFCA complex with formic acid allows accurate determination of its ionization potential (IP), 64 374 ± 8 cm(-1). This is 545 ...
Zhao Xuebing - - 2013
Acetic acid (AcH) pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse with the catalysis of sulfuric acid (SA) could greatly enhance the enzymatic digestibility of cellulose. However, polysaccharide dissolution happened inevitably during the pretreatment. It was found that the simplest model, which assumes that the total polysaccharides were reactive to be dissolved, could not ...
Jun Hyun-Il - - 2014
The antioxidant activities of various extracts from purple perilla (Perilla frutescens var. acuta) leaves based on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging ability, 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylenebenzothiozoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation scavenging ability, and reducing power were investigated. Purple perilla leaves were initially extracted with 80% ethanol and then sequentially fractionated according to solvent polarity. ...
Devi Rooma - - 2013
A xanthine oxidase (XOD) from buttermilk was immobilized covalently onto boronic acid functionalized gold coated iron nanoparticles (Au@FeNPs) electrodeposited on pencil graphite (PG) electrode, via the boroester linkages, between free hydroxyl groups of boronic acid, α-COOH and-NH2 groups of enzyme. The surface functionalization of Fe/Au nanoparticles with boronic acid (Au@FeNPs) ...
Wang Aihong - - 2013
A new fluorescent labeling reagent has been developed for the determination of fatty acids by HPLC with fluorescence detection. The derivatization conditions including amount of derivatization reagent, temperature and type of catalyst were investigated, the results indicated that the reaction proceeded within 30 min at 90°C in the presence of ...
Boswell Charles Andrew - - 2013
A known limitation of iodine radionuclides for labeling and biological tracking of receptor targeted proteins is the tendency of iodotyrosine to rapidly diffuse from cells following endocytosis and lysosomal degradation. In contrast, radiometal-chelate complexes such as indium-111-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (In-111-DOTA) accumulate within target cells due to the residualizing properties of the ...
Kastelein John J P JJ Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acids in free fatty acid form have enhanced bioavailability, and plasma levels are less influenced by food than for ethyl ester forms. The aim was to evaluate the safety and lipid-altering efficacy in subjects with severe hypertriglyceridemia of an investigational pharmaceutical omega-3 free fatty acid (OM3-FFA) containing eicosapentaenoic ...
Widsten Petri - - 2014
Fibre crosslinking with polycarboxylic acids can be used to improve certain properties of paper products, including wet tensile and compressive strength. In the present work it was proposed that citric acid (CA) crosslinks the cellulosic fibres of linerboard by self-catalysed esterification of cellulosic hydroxyl groups, which makes an additional catalyst ...
Bizjak Jan - - 2013
During the two growing seasons the evolution of primary metabolites and wide range of polyphenols in the ´Braeburn´ apple peel during the advanced maturation were investigated. During the five weeks sucrose significantly increased, whereas fructose and glucose fluctuated around the same level in one season and decreased in another. Regarding ...
Benetti Ana Raquel - - 2013
To investigate the effect of prolonged chemical challenges on color stability, staining susceptibility, and roughness of a silorane composite material when compared to methacrylate-based composites. Initial color and roughness were registered for specimens fabricated from methacrylate or silorane composites. Specimens were individually stored at 37°C in 0.02N citric acid, 0.02N ...
Mensah Enoch - - 2013
In control: A chiral phosphoric acid catalyst significantly enhances or completely overrides the inherent regioselective acetalization profiles exhibited by monosaccharide-derived 1,2-diol substrates. This study represents the first example of chiral-catalyst-directed regio- and enantioselective intermolecular acetalizations, which are complementary to existing methods for substrate-controlled functionalization of polyols.
Mbesse Kongbonga Yvon G - - 2014
Spectrochemical analyses of organic liquid media such as vegetable oils and sweetened water were performed with the use of LIBS. The aim of this work is to study, on the basis of spectral analyses by LIBS technique of "Swan band" of C2 emitted by different vegetable oils in liquid phase, ...
Yli-Juuti Taina - - 2013
Condensation and evaporation modify the properties and effects of atmospheric aerosol particles. We studied the evaporation of aqueous succinic acid and succinic acid/ammonium sulfate droplets to obtain insights on the effect of ammonium sulfate on the gas/particle partitioning of atmospheric organic acids. Droplet evaporation in a laminar flow tube was ...
Bansal A - - 2013
A series of 2-hydroxypropanoic acid derivatives (1-26) was synthesized and characterized by physicochemical and spectral means. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial potential and the results indicated that compounds 5 and 12 were found to be the most potent antimicrobial agents having pMICam values 1.67 and ...
Del Olmo Ana - - 2013
Lipolysis, lipid peroxidation, and colorimetric characteristics of Serrano hams from Duroc and Large White pigs along a 15-mo curing period were investigated. Physicochemical parameters of both types of hams evolved similarly during curing. Twelve of 13 free fatty acids (FFAs) increased during curing, eicosatrienoic acid being the only exception. Linoleic, ...
Suresh Arumuganainar - - 2013
Renewable energy from lipid removed microalgal residues (LRμARs) serves as a promising tool for sustainable development of the microalgal biodiesel industry. Hence, in this study, LRμAR from Ettlia sp. was characterized for its physico-biochemical parameters, and applied to various pretreatment to increase the biodegradability and used in batch experiments for ...
Akoz Enise - - 2013
Candida rugosa lipase was immobilized with a sol-gel encapsulation procedure in the presence and absence of a calix[n]arene carboxylic acid derivative grafted onto magnetic nanoparticles or in the presence of the calix[n]arene carboxylic acid derivative with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as an additive. Through the enantioselective hydrolysis of racemic naproxen methyl ...
Du Jiao - - 2013
A novel and sensitive carbon fiber electrode (CFE) modified by graphene flowers was prepared and used to simultaneously determine ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA). SEM images showed that beautiful and layer-petal graphene flowers homogeneously bloomed on the surface of CFE. Moreover, sharp and obvious oxidation peaks ...
Adamson Aiko - - 2013
Complexation energies and acidities of 19 primary, secondary and tertiary amine-boranes were investigated using MP2/6-311+G(d,p) and B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) methods. Gas phase acidities for free amines were also calculated. Acidity values for studied complexes range from 327.3 to 349.1 kcal mol(-1) and the most acidic are the ones with direct connection between deprotonation ...
Koehler Jens - - 2013
Novel biodegradable materials with tunable hydrolytic degradation rate are prepared by grafting of phosphonoethylated polyglycidols with polyesters. First the hydrolytically degradable polyester grafts are attached to polyglycidols partially grafted with phosphonoethylated diethyl esters through chemical-catalyzed grafting using tin(II) octanoate, then the diethyl ester groups are chemoselectively converted to the corresponding ...
Iqbal Qumer - - 2013
Studies were conducted to investigate the accumulation pattern of capsaicinoids and antioxidants such as carotenoids, ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds in three hot pepper hybrids at five different harvesting stages: immature green, mature green, color break, red ripe and dried fruit. Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin contents were maximum at mature green ...
Yao Mingfei - - 2013
Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) are bioactive flavonoids found in citrus fruits that have been shown to have potential health promoting properties. However, their application as nutraceuticals in functional foods and beverages is currently limited due to their low water solubility and high melting point. The oral bioavailability of lipophilic compounds can be ...
Pavlíček Václav - - 2013
A capillary system formed by combining 25 μm and 100 μm id capillaries was used in the short-end injection mode to determine creatinine and uric acid in human urine. The separation was performed at an electric field intensity of 2.3 kV/cm. Creatinine was determined in a background electrolyte with a ...
Pretti L - - 2014
A simple and rapid method was developed for in vivo simultaneous determination of ascorbic-acid and antioxidant capacity in microdialysates from cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller. The method is verified in water-stressed plants, as compared with a well-watered test controls. The microdialysis probe construction and insertion procedure was specifically developed ...
Sun Mojie - - 2013
Highly ordered TiO2 nanotubes were synthesized using electrochemical anodization method and then were modified by semiconductor CdS particles to construct CdS/TiO2 electrode. The synthesized CdS/TiO2 nanotubes were used for the experimental study of influences of PH and added electronic voltage on humic acid degradation through photoelectrocatalysis. The results indicated that ...
Kim Wook Hyun - - 2013
The performance of poly(3-hexylthiophen) (P3HT) and [6, 6]phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester ([60]PCBM)-based inverted bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) polymer solar cells (PSCs) is enhanced by the modification of zinc oxide (ZnO)/BHJ interface with carboxylic-acid-functionalized self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). Under simulated solar illumination of AM 1.5 (100 mW/cm2), the inverted devices fabricated with ...
Ratanaburee Anussara - - 2013
The aim was to produce Nham that was enriched with γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA); therefore two GABA producing lactic acid bacteria (Pediococcus pentosaceus HN8 and Lactobacillus namurensis NH2) were used as starter cultures. By using the central composite design (CCD) we showed that addition of 0.5% monosodium glutamate (MSG) together with ...
Trentin Claudia M - - 2013
This work investigates the continuous production of alkyl esters from soybean fatty acid (FA) charges using immobilized Novozym 435 as catalyst. The experiments were performed in a packed-bed bioreactor evaluating the effects of FA charge to alcohol (methanol and ethanol) molar ratio, from 1:1 to 1:6, substrate flow rate in ...
Fan Jilian - - 2013
There is growing interest in engineering green biomass to expand the production of plant oils as feed and biofuels. Here, we show that PHOSPHOLIPID:DIACYLGLYCEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE1 (PDAT1) is a critical enzyme involved in triacylglycerol (TAG) synthesis in leaves. Overexpression of PDAT1 increases leaf TAG accumulation, leading to oil droplet overexpansion through ...
Deepankumar Kanagavel - - 2013
Here we enhanced the stability and biophysical properties of mRFP1 through a combination of canonical and non-canonical amino acid mutagenesis. The global replacement of proline residue with (2S, 4R)-4-fluoroproline [(4R)-FP] into mRFP1 led to soluble protein but lost its fluorescence, whereas (2S, 4S)-4-fluoroproline [(4S)-FP] incorporation resulted in insoluble protein. The ...
Aleixandre-Tudó José Luis - - 2013
The effect of prefermentative and postfermentative caffeic acid addition (CFA), prefermentative cold maceration and micro-oxygenation on the phenolic and color composition of Tempranillo wines was investigated. Cold soaking and dry ice addition were performed as prefermentative techniques. Wines were analyzed after the end of the malolactic fermentation, and after six ...
Daba Tadessa - - 2013
The amino groups of wheat β-amylase (WBA) were modified by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS), 2,4-bis (O-methoxypolyethylene glycol)-6-chloro-s-triazine (mPEG), and glutaraldehyde (GA) to improve its thermal stability and activity. Modification of WBA by 5mM TNBS, 4.8μM mPEG and 11mM GA improved its T50 (the temperature at which 50% of its activity is ...
Wunderlich Christoph H - - 2013
In this work we present a novel 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine 1-oxyl (TEMPO) radical phosphoramidite building block, which can be attached to the 5'-terminus of nucleic acids. To investigate the paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) emanating from this radical center, we incorporated the TEMPO label into various types of RNAs. We measured proton PREs ...
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