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Kováčik Jozef - - 2011
The effects of 2-aminoindane-2-phosphonic acid (AIP), a potent phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) inhibitor, on the accumulation of cadmium and nickel in chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) were examined in this study. In vitro assay of AIP effect showed a 90% reduction in PAL activity. In plants cultured for 7 days in Cd or ...
Bizzi Cezar Augusto - - 2011
The feasibility of diluted nitric acid solutions for microwave-assisted decomposition of botanical samples in closed vessels was evaluated. Oxygen pressurized atmosphere was used to improve the digestion efficiency and Al, Ca, K, Fe, Mg and Na were determined in digests by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES). Efficiency ...
Gao Mengxiang - - 2011
The effect of the extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field on citric acid and cellulase production by Aspergillus niger using liquid Charles culture medium was studied during shake flask culture. The cellular suspension was exposed to a magnetic field (t = 4 h, B = 1 mT, and f = 50 Hz). The dependence of yield of citric acid ...
Borcsa Botond - - 2010
Processed aconite drugs are widely used in Eastern medicine as painkillers and antirheumatic agents. It is known that the traditional processing of aconite drugs increases the amount of lipo-alkaloids. In order to obtain information about the pharmacological potential of these compounds, semisynthesis of 9 aconitine-derived lipo-alkaloids was carried out and ...
Atayeter Servet - - 2011
The chemical composition of European squid (Loligo vulgaris) mantles and tentacles and the lipid oxidation during frozen storage at three different temperatures (-20º, -40º and -80 °C) were investigated. The moisture, fat, protein and ash contents of tentacles were 80.72%, 1.44%, 16.16% and 1.63% while the same contents for mantle were ...
Jiang Feng - - 2010
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) prepared by H(2)SO(4) hydrolysis have sulfate groups on their surface, which have negative implications for some CNC applications. In this study, two desulfation methods were evaluated, and the properties of desulfated CNCs were compared to those of unsulfated CNCs, prepared by HCl hydrolysis. H(2)SO(4)-hydrolyzed CNCs from softwood ...
Kaur Pardeep - - 2011
The fermented tea vinegar combines the beneficial properties of tea and vinegar. The complete fermentation takes 4 to 5 weeks in a batch culture and thus can be shortened by semi continuous/ continuous fermentation using immobilized bacterial cells. In the present study, alcoholic fermentation of 1.0 and 1.5% tea infusions using ...
Kakizaki Ikuko - - 2011
There has been no structural information about the core protein of salmon nasal cartilage proteoglycan although its physiological activities have been investigated. Internal amino acid sequencing using nano-LC/MS/MS revealed that the salmon proteoglycan was aggrecan. Primer walk sequencing based on the amino acid information determined that the salmon aggrecan cDNA ...
Borrero Juan - - 2011
Lactococcus garvieae DCC43 produces a bacteriocin, garvicin ML (GarML), with a molecular mass of 6,004.2 Da. Data from de novo amino acid sequencing by tandem mass spectrometry and nucleotide sequencing by reverse genetics suggested that the bacteriocin is synthesized as a 63-amino-acid precursor with a 3-amino-acid leader peptide that is ...
Zhang Qiang - - 2010
From Mitrephora maingayi, a new C21-type Annonaceous acetogenin (1) has been isolated, along with a biogenetically related known compound, oropheic acid (2). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. The insecticidal activity of 1 was also assessed.
Ariahu Charles C - - 2011
The kinetics of thermal degradation of ascorbic acid in fluted pumpkin leaves were investigated from 60 to 90°C (pH 5.0 to 6.5). Ascorbic acid degradation was modeled as a first order rate reaction with the rate constants increasing with increase in pH of the medium. The pH and temperature dependence ...
Pedras M Soledade C - - 2010
The purification and characterization of indolyl-3-acetaldoxime dehydratase produced by the plant fungal pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is described. The substrate specificity indicates that it is an indolyl-3-acetaldoxime dehydratase (IAD, EC 4.99.1.6), which catalyzes transformation of indolyl-3-acetaldoxime to indolyl-3-acetonitrile. The enzyme showed Michaelis-Menten kinetics and had an apparent molecular mass of 44 ...
Eitner Krystian - - 2010
MOTIVATION: The article presents results of the listing of the quantity of amino acids, dipeptides and tripeptides for all proteins available in the UNIPROT-TREMBL database and the listing for selected species and enzymes. UNIPROT-TREMBL contains protein sequences associated with computationally generated annotations and large-scale functional characterization. Due to the distinct ...
Woodward Gary M - - 2011
Current research indicates that anthocyanins are primarily degraded to form phenolic acid products. However, no studies have yet demonstrated the metabolic conjugation of these anthocyanin-derived phenolic acids in humans. Within the present study, a simulated gastrointestinal digestion model was used to evaluate the potential degradation of anthocyanins post-consumption. Subsequently, cyanidin ...
Lefeber Timothy - - 2011
To speed up research on the usefulness and selection of bacterial starter cultures for cocoa bean fermentation, a benchmark cocoa bean fermentation process under natural fermentation conditions was developed successfully. Therefore, spontaneous fermentations of cocoa pulp-bean mass in vessels on a 20 kg scale were tried out in triplicate. The ...
Zhang Y M - - 2011
The critical chilling temperature of cold-sensitive lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) seedlings was determined to be approx. 8°C. The full-length cDNAs of PlSAD, PlFAD2, and PlFAD3 encoding three fatty acid desaturases were isolated from lima bean leaves. The PlSAD open reading frame (ORF) had 1,317 bp and a single intron ...
Prajapati V K - - 2011
Value added dried Indian gooseberry (aonla) shreds were prepared using aonla fruits of cv. 'NA-7'. Two blanching methods (hot water and potassium metabisulphite (KMS) at 0.1%) and two drying methods (solar and hot air oven drying) were tried for the production of aonla shreds. Common salt, black salt and ginger ...
Formisano Carmen - - 2010
This paper reports on the volatile components of oils from the aerial parts (CBA) and roots (CBR) of Centaurea bracteata Scop. and aerial parts of C. pannonica (Heuffel) Simonkai subsp. pannonica (CPA), two Asteraceae growing wild in Croatia. The volatile components, obtained by hydrodistillation, were determined by GC-MS analysis. The ...
Goto Kohta - - 2010
Human and great ape milks contain a diverse array of milk oligosaccharides, but little is known about the milk oligosaccharides of other primates, and how they differ among taxa. Neutral and acidic oligosaccharides were isolated from the milk of three species of Old World or catarrhine monkeys (Cercopithecidae: rhesus macaque ...
Stoddart David - - 2010
Nanopores are under investigation for single-molecule DNA sequencing. The alpha-hemolysin (alphaHL) protein nanopore contains three recognition points capable of nucleobase discrimination in individual immobilized ssDNA molecules. We have modified the recognition point R(1) by extensive mutagenesis of residue 113. Amino acids that provide an energy barrier to ion flow (e.g., ...
Shemesh Ronen - - 2010
It is well established that the vast majority of proteins of all taxonomical groups and species are initiated by an AUG codon, translated into the amino acid methionine (Met). Many attempts were made to evaluate the importance of the sequences surrounding the initiation codon, mostly focusing on the RNA sequence. ...
Yan Yu-Zhen - - 2010
Ganoderma--"Lingzhi" in Chinese--is one of the superior Chinese tonic materia medicas in China, Japan, and Korea. Two species, Ganoderma lucidum (Red Lingzhi) and G. sinense (Purple Lingzhi), have been included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia since its 2000 Edition. However, some other species of Ganoderma are also available in the market. ...
Vázquez-Araújo Laura - - 2010
The quality parameters of 1 commercial pomegranate juice mixed with 5 different concentrations of blueberry, blackberry, or raspberry juices were studied. The pH, total soluble solids content, titratable acidity, and total phenolic content were determined. To understand the aroma differences of the juices, solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used ...
Pandey M C - - 2010
Chicken leg pieces (60 g each). with optimized quantity of additives were fried in hydrogenated vegetable oil at 180°C for 8 min. The fried product was packed in paper-foil-polyethylene pouches (PFP) and stored under ambient (20 ± 5°C, 65-80% RH), refrigerator (5°C, 80% RH) and deep freezer (-18°C, 85-90% RH) ...
Chavan U D - - 2010
Process for preparation of ripe banana slices using osmotic dehydration was standardized. Fully ripe banana fruits were peeled and slices of 8 mm thickness were prepared. The slices were divided into 5 lots and pretreated with sulphur fumigation @ 2 g/kg of slices for 2 h then each lot was ...
Zhang Pengying - - 2011
The ability of Antarctic ice algae, Chlamydomonas sp. ICE-L, to survive and proliferate at low temperature and high salinity implies that they have overcome key barriers inherent in Antarctic environments. A full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) sequence of omega-3 fatty acid desaturase, designated CiFAD3, was isolated via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction ...
Hughes Austin L - - 2010
Comparison of paralogous vitellogenins in 10 insect species representing six orders showed a remarkable degree of conservation of amino acid composition in spite of sequence differences. For example, the correlation between the percentages of the 20 amino acids in two vitellogenins from the beetle Tribolium castaneum was 0.975, even though ...
Chantangsi Chitchai - - 2010
An insertion of one or two amino acids at the monomer-monomer junctions of polyubiquitin is a distinct and highly conserved molecular character that is shared by two very diverse clades of microeukaryotes, the Cercozoa and the Foraminifera. It has been suggested that an insertion consisting of one amino acid, like ...
Wolff Samuel C - - 2010
The P2Y(1) receptor is localized to the basolateral membrane of polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. In the present study, we identified a 25-residue region within the C-terminal tail (C-tail) of the P2Y(1) receptor that directs basolateral sorting. Deletion of this sorting signal caused redirection of the receptor to the ...
Sudiarta I Putu - - 2010
CwlQ (previous YjbJ) is one of the putative cell wall hydrolases in Bacillus subtilis. Its domain has an amino acid sequence similar to the soluble-lytic transglycosylase (SLT) of Escherichia coli Slt70 and also goose lysozyme (muramidase). To characterize the enzyme, the domain of CwlQ was cloned and expressed in E. ...
Studer Romain A - - 2010
Functional divergence between homologous proteins is expected to affect amino acid sequences in two main ways, which can be considered as proxies of biochemical divergence: a "covarion-like" pattern of correlated changes in evolutionary rates, and switches in conserved residues ("conserved but different"). Although these patterns have been used in case ...
Lepesheva Galina I - - 2011
Sterol 14α-demethylases (14DM) comprise the CYP51 cytochrome P450 genome family. The 14DM reaction is essential for the biosynthesis of sterols which are necessary for production of cellular membranes. This is the most widely distributed P450, being present in all biological kingdoms. From one kingdom to another the primary amino acid ...
Subramaniam Renuka - - 2010
Mannheimia haemolytica infection results in enhanced PMN-mediated tissue damage in the lungs of bighorn sheep (BHS) compared to that of domestic sheep (DS). SERPIN B1 is an inhibitor of PMN-derived serine proteases. It prevents lung tissue injury by inhibiting the serine proteases released as a result of PMN lysis and ...
Gembus Vincent - - 2010
The elaboration of biologically important 3,4-substituted pyrazolines was achieved by an organocatalysed aza-Michael/transimination domino sequence between hydrazones and enones making use of a mixture of heterogeneous resin-bound acid/base reagents. This methodology nicely illustrates the site isolation concept of supported reagents allowing the simultaneous use of otherwise destructive reactive functionalities.
Suman S P - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to characterize the primary structure of emu myoglobin (Mb). Emu Mb was isolated from Iliofibularis muscle employing gel-filtration chromatography. Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry was employed to determine the exact molecular mass of emu Mb in comparison with horse ...
Rhodes Matthew E - - 2010
The increase of the acidic nature of proteins as an adaptation to hypersalinity has been well documented within halophile isolates. Here we explore the effect of salinity on amino acid preference on an environmental scale. Via pyrosequencing, we have obtained two distinct metagenomic data sets from the Dead Sea, one ...
Dou Yongchao - - 2010
Protein sequence conservation is a powerful and widely used indicator for predicting catalytic residues from enzyme sequences. In order to incorporate amino acid similarity into conservation measures, one attempt is to group amino acids into disjoint sets. In this paper, based on the overlapping amino acids classification proposed by Taylor, ...
Li Gang - - 2010
An alkaline pectate lyase, Bsp165PelA, was purified to homogeneity from the culture broth of alkaliphilic Bacillus sp. N16-5. The enzyme showed a specific activity as high as 1000 U/mg and had optimum activity at pH 11.5 and 50 degrees . It was composed of a single polypeptide chain with a ...
Pérez-Rigueiro J - - 2010
Supercontraction is commonly considered as a functional adaptation of major ampullate gland (MA) silk to its role as the main structural material in orb-webs. However, the observation of supercontraction in the dragline silk of a lynx spider species, as it is shown in this work, offers a strong support to ...
Wang Ying-Ming - - 2010
To investigate the peculiar absence of phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)s) in most Crotalus horridus (CH) venom, we cloned and sequenced the venom PLA(2)s of three CH specimens from different regions. The results revealed that all the venom glands contained mRNAs that encoded an acidic PLA(2) (designated as either CH-E6 or CH-E6'). ...
Garcia Denegri María E - - 2010
An acidic protein with phospholipase A(2) activity was purified to homogeneity from the venom of the Northeast Argentinian viperid Bothrops alternatus by two chromatographic steps: a conventional gel filtration on Sephadex G-75 and reversed phase on C18 HPLC column. A molecular mass of 14185.48 Da was determined by mass spectrometry, ...
Csanádi Zsófia - - 2010
Ionic liquids as trihexyl-tetradecyl-phophonium-dicyanamide (Cyphos 105) and cocosalkyl-pentaethoxi-methyl-ammonium-methosulfate (Ammoeng 100) were applied for the esterification of stearic acid and glycerol using Candida antarctica lipase (Novozyme 435). When only ILs were applied as solvents at 1:15 initial substrate molar ratio the conversion was 76 and 78 % in the case of ...
Zhang Shou-Tao - - 2010
Ahpfibrase was a new snake venom metalloproteinase (SVMP) which was cloned from Gloydius halys. The cDNA sequence with 1,891 base pairs encodes an open reading frame of 477 amino acids which includes a 17 amino acid signal peptide, plus a 171 amino acid segment of zymogen-like propeptide, a metalloproteinase domain ...
Molesworth Samuel - - 2010
In this study, the possible influence of acidic, basic, and amide side chains on the opening of a putative macrocyclic b ion (b(5)(+)) intermediate was investigated. Collision induced dissociation (CID) of b(5) ions was studied using a group of hexapeptides in which amino acids with the side chains of interest ...
Tomita Tatsunosuke - - 2010
We investigated the amino acid sequences of rat PERIOD2 (rPER2) that are required for interaction with CRYPTOCHROME1 (CRY1) to understand the molecular mechanism of the circadian clock. Co-immunoprecipitation assays using various C-terminal fragments of rPER2 with internal deletions revealed that amino acid residues 1179-1198 are necessary for interaction with CRY1. ...
Sekulin Karin - - 2011
A widespread, severe outbreak of canine distemper encephalitis was observed in wildlife in Southern Bavaria in the spring and summer of 2008. The haemagglutinin (HA) genes of six representative canine distemper virus (CDV) samples originating from five red foxes and one badger during this outbreak had a Y549H amino acid ...
Pollack J Dennis - - 2010
In alignments of 1969 protein sequences the amino acid glycine and others were found concentrated at most-conserved sites within approximately 15 A of catalytic/active centers (C/AC) of highly conserved kinases, dehydrogenases or lyases of Archaea, Bacteria and Eukaryota. Lysine and glutamic acid were concentrated at least-conserved sites furthest from their ...
Ochiai Hideharu - - 2010
The full-length cDNA sequence of canine excitatory amino acid transporter (EAAT) 5 was determined in samples taken from the canine retina. The sequence was 2,467 bp long and was predicted to encode the 560 amino acid polypeptides. The deduced amino acid sequence of canine EAAT5 showed similarities of 91.8 and ...
Smith Robert A - - 2010
Oligonucleotide-mediated mutagenesis is a useful tool for engineering nucleotide changes at defined positions in a DNA sequence. Oligonucleotide-based approaches are commonly used to introduce missense mutations at individual codons in a gene or gene segment, thereby revealing the functional importance of specific amino acid residues in a protein. For mutagenesis ...
Shi Jingxue - - 2010
Pirh2 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes tumor suppressor p53 ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Recently, we have reported the identification and characterization of two novel isoforms of Pirh2 named Pirh2B and Pirh2C and accordingly, reclassified the full-length Pirh2 as Pirh2A. Both Pirh2B and C negatively regulate p53 and also ...
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