Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 2856
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >
Zhang H J - - 2012
Fatty acid biosynthesis is essential for bacterial survival. In recent years, components of this biosynthetic pathway have aroused wide concern. β-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (FabH) is a particularly attractive target which catalyzes the initial step of fatty acid biosynthesis. In this review, fatty acid biosynthesis, recent advances in the ...
Totani Nagao - - 2012
We reported previously that in oils used for frying by commercial establishments, a high correlation was observed among their Gardner colors, polar compound contents (PC), carbonyl values (CV) and acid values (AV). However, this was not true for frying oils used in hospitals. In the present study, oils that had ...
Li Xican - - 2012
Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala (AM) has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for about 2,000 years. In the study, we firstly determined the antioxidant levels of five AM extracts by &#8226;OH-scavenging, &#8226;O(2)&#8722;-scavenging, Fe2+-chelating, Cu2+-chelating, DPPH&#183;-scavenging, and ABTS+&#183;-scavenging assays. After measurement of the chemical contents in five AM extracts, we quantitatively ...
Jiang Yu - - 2012
DNA circuits have proven to be useful amplifiers for diagnostic applications, in part because of their modularity and programmability. In order to determine whether different circuits could be modularly stacked, we used a catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) circuit to initiate a hybridization chain reaction (HCR) circuit. In response to an ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
A polyaniline (PAN) network structure was fabricated on a poly(o-aminophenol) (POAP) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by using a three-step electrochemical deposition procedure, and applied to the electro-catalytic oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) have ...
Zheng Yanning - - 2012
Thioesterases remove the fatty acyl moiety from the fatty acyl-acyl carrier proteins (ACPs), releasing them as free fatty acids (FFAs), which can be further used to produce a variety of fatty acid-based biofuels, such as biodiesel, fatty alcohols and alkanes. Thioesterases play a key role in the regulation of ...
Houghton Franchesca D - - 2012
Amino acids are beneficial for the developing preimplantation embryo and therefore form an important component of culture media. This chapter will critically review the importance of amino acids for preimplantation embryos and the impact of this research for the development of sequential culture media used in many assisted conception units. ...
Sarpong Kwabena - - 2012
The binding affinity and specificity of nucleic acid aptamers have made them valuable candidates for use as sensors in diagnostic applications. In particular, chromophore-functionalized aptamers offer a relatively simple format for detection and quantification of target molecules. We describe the use of nucleic-acid-staining reagents as an effective tool for detecting ...
Li Chuangjun - - 2012
A new ursane-type nortriterpenoid, (11S,12S)-4-methyl-11,12-epoxy-2-hydroxy-3-oxoursa-1,4-dine-28-oic acid &#947;-lactone (1), named ulmoidol A, together with ten known compounds: ulmoidol (2), corosolic acid (3), 2&#945;,3&#945;-dihydroxy-24-nor-4(23),12-oleanadien-28-oic acid (4), oleanolic acid (5), ursolic acid (6), cycloart-3&#946;, 25-diol (7), foliasalacioside B1 (8), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one-9-O-&#945;-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1&#8594;6)-&#946;-D-glucopyranoside (9), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigma-dien-3-one-9-O-&#946;-D-xylopyranosyl-(1&#8594;6)-&#946;-D-glucopyranoside (10), and quercetin 3-O-sambubioside (11) were isolated from the leaves of ...
Absalan Ghodratollah - - 2012
An optode was designed for an indirect determination of ascorbic acid by using neocuproine, which has been coated on transparent triacetylcellulose film as a membrane. The proposed method is based on the oxidation of ascorbic acid to dehydroascorbic acid with the Cu(II) and neocuproine reagent. The increase in the absorbance ...
Hu Xiaoqing - - 2012
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine is an important bioactive sulfur-containing amino acid. Large scale preparation of the amino acid is of great significance. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine can be synthesized from L-methionine and adenosine triphosphate in a reaction catalyzed by methionine adenosyltransferase. In order to enhance S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis by industrial microbial strains, various strategies have been employed ...
Wang Zhi-Li - - 2012
A highly efficient hydrogen generation from formic acid/sodium formate aqueous solution catalyzed by in situ synthesized Pd/C with citric acid has been successfully achieved at room temperature. Interestingly, the presence of citric acid during the formation and growth of the Pd nanoparticles on carbon can drastically enhance the catalytic property ...
Bu Lingxi - - 2012
Corn cob residue (CCR) is a kind of waste lignocellulosic material with enormous potential for bioethanol production. The moderated sulphite processes were used to enhance the hydrophily of the material by sulfonation and hydrolysis. The composition, FT-IR spectra, and conductometric titrations of the pretreated materials were measured to characterize ...
Ruhal A - - 2012
An amperometric malic acid biosensor was developed by immobilizing malate dehydrogenase on multi&mdash;walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) coated on screen printed carbon electrode. The screen printed carbon electrode is made up of three electrodes viz., carbon as working, platinum as counter and silver as reference electrode. Detection of L&mdash;malic acid concentration ...
de Camargo Adriano Costa - - 2012
Peanut samples were irradiated (0.0, 5.2, 7.2 or 10.0 kGy), stored for a year (room temperature) and examined every three months. Mycotoxic fungi (MF) were detected in non-irradiated blanched peanuts. A dose of 5.2 kGy was found suitable to prevent MF growth in blanched samples. No MF was detected in ...
Sun Yirong - - 2012
Besides amino acid decarboxylation, the ADP biosynthetic pathway was reported to enhance survival under extremely acidic conditions in Escherichia coli (Sun et al., J. Bacteriol. 193∶ 3072-3077, 2011). E. coli has two pathways for ATP synthesis from ADP: glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. We found in this study that the deletion ...
Islam Asiful - - 2012
There is no available information on physicochemical and antioxidant properties on Bangladeshi honey. We investigated five different monofloral and three different multifloral honey samples collected from different parts of Bangladesh. The levels of phenolics, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant content (AEAC), proline, protein and antioxidants were determined in ...
Gumel Ahmad Mohammed - - 2012
The biosynthesis and characterization of medium chain length poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHA) produced by Pseudomonas putida Bet001 isolated from palm oil mill effluent was studied. The biosynthesis of mcl-PHA in this newly isolated microorganism follows a growth-associated trend. Mcl-PHA accumulation ranging from 49.7 to 68.9% on cell dry weight (CDW) basis were ...
Zhu Li-Wen - - 2012
As a potential intermediary feedstock, succinic acid takes an important place in bulk chemical productions. For the first time, a method combining Plackett-Burman design (PBD), steepest ascent method (SA), and Box-Behnken design (BBD) was developed to optimize Actinobacillus succinogenes ATCC 55618 fermentation medium. First, glucose, yeast extract, and MgCO(3) were ...
Nieminen T T - - 2012
Marination with marinade containing salt, sugar, and acetic acid is commonly used in Finland to enhance the value of raw broiler meat. In this study, we investigated the effect of marination, marinade components and storage time on composition of bacterial communities in modified atmosphere-packaged (MAP) broiler fillet strips. The communities ...
Ngangkham Momocha - - 2012
The genus Chlorella is a widely employed microalga for biodiesel, as it can be grown using photo/mixo/heterotrophic mode of cultivation. The present investigation was undertaken with the hypothesis that addition of different substrates (amino acids, carbon sources, vitamins) along with reducing agents may aid in diverting Acetyl CoA to malonyl ...
Ronda Srinivasa Reddy - - 2012
The influence of aeration on algal growth and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) production in a bubble column photobioreactor was investigated. Studies were performed in a 20-L reactor at different aeration rates (0.2- 2.5 vvm). Static, continuous, and periodic operation of air resulted in 41.9%, 88.4%, and 108% air saturation of dissolved ...
Khajeamiri Alireza A Police University, Tehran, - - 2012
A fiber coating from polyaniline (PANI) was electrochemically prepared and employed for Solid phase micreoextraction (SPME). The PANI film was directly electrodeposited on the platinum wire surface using cyclic voltametry (CV) technique. The same method was applied for the preparation of SPME fiber coated by polyaniline multiwalled carbon nanotubes (PANI/MWCNTs) ...
Typas Athanasios - - 2011
How bacteria grow and divide while retaining a defined shape is a fundamental question in microbiology, but technological advances are now driving a new understanding of how the shape-maintaining bacterial peptidoglycan sacculus grows. In this Review, we highlight the relationship between peptidoglycan synthesis complexes and cytoskeletal elements, as well as ...
Ovchinnikova Olga G - - 2011
An acidic polysaccharide was isolated from Providencia rustigianii O11 by the phenol-water extraction. The polysaccharide was cleaved by solvolysis with triflic acid to yield disaccharides with uronic acid derivatives at the non-reducing end. The polysaccharide and the disaccharides were studied by chemical analyses, high-resolution ESI MS, and 2D (1)H and ...
Wang Jine - - 2011
Herein, we report a phenylboronic acid functionalized gold nanoparticle (GNP)-based colorimetric assay for rapid detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) with high sensitivity. In this approach, GNPs can bind to S. aureus by the reaction of phenylboronic acid with the cis-diol configuration in glycans on the bacterial surface, providing a ...
Mishra Richa R Food Engineering and Technology Department, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Deemed-To-Be-University, Longowal-148 106, Distt, Sangrur, Pb - - 2014
The changes occurring in rice bran oil and its blend with sunflower oil during repeated frying cycles of dried and moist potato chips were monitored. The parameters assessed were: Colour, Refractive Index, SpecificGravity, Oryzanol Value, Free fatty acid, Iodine Value, Peroxide value, anisidine value, Saponification Value, trans fats and fatty ...
Ferreira C R - - 2011
Mass spectrometry (MS) allows the detection and structural characterisation of intact molecules such as fatty acids and complex lipids. Desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) is an ambient ionization technique used for MS analysis and profiling and imaging of drugs, metabolites and lipids directly from biological samples with no sample preparation. With ...
McKeegan Paul J - - 2011
Growing evidence suggests that endogenous and exogenous fatty acids play diverse roles in developing mammalian oocytes and early embryos. In this review, we describe some of the regulatory roles of fatty acids in early development, in addition to their metabolic functions. We focus initially on the provision of individual fatty ...
Bandžuchová Lenka - - 2011
The electrochemical behavior of folic acid (FA) on a polished silver solid amalgam electrode (p-AgSAE), as a liquid mercury free electrode, has been studied in this paper. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was found as a suitable method for voltammetric determination of folic acid. A limit of detection as 5.88 × ...
Malherbe Sulette - - 2011
In this research work we investigated changes in volatile aroma composition associated with four commercial Oenococcus oeni malolactic fermentation (MLF) starter cultures in South African Shiraz and Pinotage red wines. A control wine in which MLF was suppressed was included. The MLF progress was monitored by use of infrared spectroscopy. ...
Cooney Janine M - - 2011
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by intestinal inflammation and is believed to involve complex interactions between genetic, immunological, and environmental factors. We measured changes in the proteome associated with bacterially-induced intestinal inflammation in the interleukin 10 gene-deficient (<i>Il10<sup>-/-</sup></i>) mouse model of IBD, established effects of the dietary polyunsaturated fatty ...
Price Christopher T D - - 2011
Legionella pneumophila proliferates in environmental amoeba and human cells within the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV). The exported AnkB F-box effector of L. pneumophila is anchored into the LCV membrane by host-mediated farnesylation. Here, we report that host proteasomal degradation of Lys(48)-linked polyubiquitinated proteins, assembled on the LCV by AnkB, generates amino ...
Lin Shixian - - 2011
Enteric bacterial pathogens are known to effectively pass through the extremely acidic mammalian stomachs and cause infections in the small and/or large intestine of human hosts. However, their acid-survival strategy and pathogenesis mechanisms remain elusive, largely due to the lack of tools to directly monitor and manipulate essential components (e.g. ...
Panigrahi Suranjan S Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL 33850, USA; North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, - - 2012
Rapid detection of food-borne pathogens in packaged food products can prevent the spread of infectious diseases. This study investigates the application of novel sensing material that is sensitive to specific indicator volatile organic compound (VOC) related to Salmonella contamination in packaged meat. Specifically, the objective was to develop an olfactory ...
Gao Tong-Guo - - 2011
In this study, three bacterial communities were obtained from 12 Leonardite samples with the aim of identifying a clean, effective, and economic technique for the dissolution of Leonardite, a type of low-grade coal, in the production of humic acid (HA). The biodegradation ability and characteristics of the degraded products of ...
Grammel Markus - - 2011
Orthogonal amino acid reporters allow the selective labeling of different cell types in heterogeneous populations through the expression of engineered aminoacyl tRNA synthetases. Here, we demonstrate that para-ethynylphenylalanine (PEP) can be used as an orthogonal amino acid reporter for efficient selective labeling of an intracellular bacterial pathogen during infection.
Li Hong-En - - 2011
In the present study, the antimicrobial activity of glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) against Staphylococcus aureus, and its influence on the production of S. aureus alpha-haemolysin (Hla) were investigated, along with the in vivo activity of GA against S. aureus-induced pneumonia. GA could not inhibit the growth of S. aureus, but the ...
Guérardel Yann - - 2011
Sialic acid, a common terminal substitution of glycoconjugates, has been so far consistently identified in all vertebrates as well as in a growing number of bacterial species. It is assumed to be widely distributed among animal species of the deuterostome phylum, based on its identification in few echinoderm and all ...
Sanders Mary Ellen - - 2011
Although precise mechanisms responsible for all demonstrations of probiotic health benefits are not known, many lines of evidence suggest that probiotics function through direct or indirect impact on colonizing microbiota of the gut. Probiotics can directly influence colonizing microbes through multiple mechanisms, including the production of inhibitory compounds (bacteriocins, short ...
Dhanjal Soniya - - 2011
A bacterial isolate (strain JS-2) characterized as Bacillus sp. was challenged with high concentrations of toxic selenite ions. The microbe was found to transform the toxic, soluble, colorless selenite (SeO3 (2-)) oxyions to nontoxic, insoluble, red elemental selenium (Se0). This process of biotransformation was accompanied by cytoplasmic and surface accumulation ...
Li Wen - - 2011
Under control of the Gac regulatory system, Pseudomonas putida RW10S1 produces promysalin to promote its own swarming and biofilm formation, and to selectively inhibit many other pseudomonads, including the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This amphipathic antibiotic is composed of salicylic acid and 2,8-dihydroxymyristamide bridged by a unique 2-pyrroline-5-carboxyl moiety. In ...
Vichapong Jitlada J Department of Chemistry and Center for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002 - - 2014
A cloud-point extraction (CPE) was developed for the determination of 12 phenolic compounds (i.e. gallic acid, procatechuic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, guaiacol, p-cresol, o-cresol and 3,5-xylenol) using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with photodiode array (PDA) detection. The optimum CPE ...
Lamarche Matthew J - - 2011
4-Aminothiazolyl analogues of the antibiotic natural product GE2270 A (1) were designed, synthesized, and optimized for their activity against Gram positive bacterial infections. Optimization efforts focused on improving the physicochemical properties (e.g., aqueous solubility and chemical stability) of the 4-aminothiazolyl natural product template while improving the in vitro and in ...
Kristiansen Anja - - 2011
Biofiltration has proven an efficient tool for the elimination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia from livestock facilities, thereby reducing nuisance odors and ammonia emissions to the local environment. The active microbial communities comprising these filter biofilms have not been well characterized. In this study, a trickle biofilter treating ...
Merroun Mohamed L - - 2011
This work describes the mechanisms of uranium biomineralization at acidic conditions by Bacillus sphaericus JG-7B and Sphingomonas sp. S15-S1 both recovered from extreme environments. The U-bacterial interaction experiments were performed at low pH values (2.0-4.5) where the uranium aqueous speciation is dominated by highly mobile uranyl ions. X-ray absorption spectroscopy ...
Deng Shenglou - - 2011
Natural killer T (NKT) cells recognize glycolipids produced by Sphingomonas bacteria, and these glycolipids contain C6-oxidized sugars, either glucuronic acid or galacturonic acid, linked to ceramides. Glycolipids with gluco stereochemistry are the most prevalent. Multiple studies have demonstrated that galactosylceramides are more potent stimulators of NKT cells than their glucose ...
Nawabi Parwez - - 2011
The production of low-cost biofuels in engineered microorganisms is of great interest due to the continual increase in the world's energy demands. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel that can potentially be produced in microbes cost-effectively. Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) are a common component of biodiesel and can be synthesized ...
Leppäluoto Pentti A - - 2011
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) was originally described as a sexually transmitted infection caused by a single microbe. The prevailing concept describes BV as a polymicrobial coitus-associated disease of uncertain origin. In this overview the natural history of BV as a monobacterial and polymicrobial entity is examined with respect to the physiological ...
Tiwari Shipra S Department of Lipid Science and Traditional Foods, Central Food Technological and Research Institute (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Mysore, 570020 - - 2014
Medium chain triglyceride rich margarines were prepared using palm, coconut oil blends in the ratio of 80:20 (Margarine 1) and 60:40 (Margarine 2). The margarines were used to prepare burfi and compared with products prepared using commercial margarine, ghee and butter. The physicochemical characteristics such as texture, color, free fatty ...
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >