Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 2738
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >
Maity Tanushree - - 2012
A formulation for the development of a crispy texture of crust in vegetable snack after freezing and frying was standardized using different flours such as whole-wheat flour (WWF), refined wheat flour (RWF), rice flour (RF) and semolina (S). Formulation with 60% WWF, 20% RWF, 10% RF and 10% S was ...
Onghena Matthias - - 2011
Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) are currently one of the most promising biosurfactants because of their multifunctional applications and good biodegradability. Depending on the yeast strain and the feedstock used for the fermentation process, structural variations in the MELs obtained occur. Therefore, MELs produced by Pseudozyma aphidis DSMZ 70725 with a soybean ...
Kim Sooah - - 2011
The effect of sugar on plant metabolism, which is known to be similar to hormone-like signaling, was metabolomically studied using Melissa officinalis (lemon balm). The metabolite profiles of M. officinalis treated with sucrose were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and principal component analysis (PCA). A total of 64 metabolites ...
Rekha C R - - 2011
The aim of this work was to reduce the natural fermentation period of 'idli' from the conventional 14 h to 10 h by adding underutilized okara for the preparation of 'idli'. Black gram was partially substituted with soy residue okara in the ratio of (1:1). After 14 h of natural fermentation, the pH ...
Stephensen Charles B - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine whether 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) gene variants associated with cardiovascular disease affect eicosanoid production by monocytes. The study was a randomized, double-masked, parallel intervention trial with fish oil (5.0 g of fish oil daily, containing 2.0 g of eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and 1.0 g ...
Geramita Matthew - - 2011
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter of the human brain, and GABA-ergic dysfunction has been implicated in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. Recent MRS techniques have allowed the quantification of GABA concentrations in vivo, and could therefore provide biologically relevant information. Few reports have formally characterized the reproducibility ...
Andreou Dimitrios - - 2011
The dystrobrevin binding protein-1 (DTNBP1) gene encodes dysbindin-1, a protein involved in neurodevelopmental and neurochemical processes related mainly to the monoamine dopamine. We investigated possible associations between eleven DTNBP1 polymorphisms and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of the major dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA), the major serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), ...
Uppal Rohit - - 2011
Hyaluronic acid (HA) was electrospun. The effects of flow rate, spin length, and the applied voltage on the diameter of the HA nanofibers were analyzed. The average thickness of the webs was 0.041 cm. The air permeability of sterilized HA nanofiber wound dressing was much higher than that of gauze ...
Nath A - - 2012
An experiment was conducted on pear fruit (cv. 'Lagoon') to extend the shelf life by using different packaging materials. Fruits were packed in low density polyethylene (LDPE, 0.025 mm), polypropylene (PP, 0.025 mm), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE, 0.0125 mm) and high density polyethylene (HDPE, 0.025 mm) with or without perforation and stored at ...
Shiomi Yuuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Metabolomics provides data about all the metabolic processes of a cell or organism. So far, the changes that occur in the levels of metabolites during the development of colitis have not been fully elucidated. Here we examined the changes of metabolite levels in the serum and colon tissue of ...
Li Zhiyang - - 2011
A novel method was established through the detection of chemiluminescent signals of nucleic acid hybridization based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and PCR. 5' amino- modified specific probes were immobilized on the surface of silanized MNPs by Schiff reaction between amino and aldehyde group. The probes were used to capture the ...
Wang S-Y - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify species of lactic acid bacteria in Taiwanese ropy fermented milk and to study their microbial dynamics during the fermentation process through conventional microbiological cultivation and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Identification results indicated that Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris and Leuconostoc mesenteroides ssp. mesenteroides ...
González-Barrio Rocío - - 2011
Urolithins are microbial metabolites produced from ellagic acid after the intake of dietary ellagitannins by different animals. Urolithin metabolites have distinct UV spectra that enable their detection and differentiation by HPLC coupled with UV photodiode array detectors. Correlations between structural characteristics, including conjugation, with the UV spectra and retention times ...
Velasco Pablo - - 2011
Introduction - Brassica vegetables have been related to the prevention of cancer and degenerative diseases, owing to their glucosinolate and phenolic content. Objective - Identification of glucosinolates, flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids in representative varieties of kale, cabbage and leaf rape. Methodology - One local variety of each crop was evaluated ...
Szydłowska-Czerniak Aleksandra - - 2011
The antioxidant capacity of twenty nine rapeseed varieties was determined by using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) methods. Mean FRAP (3190-6326μmol Trolox/100g) and DPPH (3194-6346μmol Trolox/100g) values for methanolic extracts of rapeseed cultivars did not differ significantly. Moreover, the total content of phenolics (756-1324mg sinapic acid/100g), glucosinolates ...
Bhat Rajeev - - 2011
Starfruit juice were exposed to ultraviolet (UV-C) light for 0, 30 and 60min at room temperature (25±1°C). On exposure, the titratable acidity significantly decreased, while the decrease in °Brix and pH were not significant. With regard to colorimetric parameters, L(∗) value increased significantly with a subsequent decrease in a(∗) and ...
Krylov Vadim B - - 2011
The synthesis of per-O-sulfated derivatives of di-, tetra-, hexa-, octa-, dodeca-, and hexadecafucosides related to natural fucoidans of different types has been performed with the use of previously reported acid-promoted protocol for per-O-sulfation of polyols by SO(3) complexes.(2) During the treatment of (1→3)-linked oligofucosides under these conditions with the promotion ...
Romano Adriana - - 2011
Three new lipopeptides (1-3) were isolated from the organic extract of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain (BO7). These compounds represented the major constituents (>60%) of the total cell lipids extractable with CHCl(3)/MeOH (2:1). Elucidation of their chemical structure was carried out by spectroscopic analyses, including 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry ...
Gomolka Beate - - 2011
Mass spectrometry techniques have enabled the identification of different lipid metabolites and mediators derived from omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 and n-3 PUFA) that are implicated in various biological processes. However, the broad-spectrum assessment of physiologically formed lipid metabolites and mediators in blood samples has not been presented ...
Yang Chengli - - 2011
Triazophos is one of the most widely used organophosphorus insecticides usually detectable in the environment. A bacterial strain, Diaphorobacter sp. TPD-1, capable of using triazophos and its intermediate, 1-phenyl-3-hydroxy-1,2,4-triazole (PHT), as its sole carbon sources for growth was isolated from a triazophos-contaminated soil in China. This strain could completely degrade ...
Hinder A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to characterize the two ceramide (CER) subclasses CER[NP] and CER[EOS] of human stratum corneum and to identify the chemical structures of their subspecies. High-performance thin-layer chromatography and normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography were used for the separation of CER fractions, whereas nanoelectrospray ionization tandem mass ...
Chen Xiaoqiang - - 2011
In this study, an orthogonal array design OA(9) (3(4)) was employed to optimise the conditions of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO(2)) extraction of Pinus koraiensis nut oil. The effects of pressure, temperature and extraction time on the oil yield were investigated. Next, the fatty acid composition of the oil was examined ...
Gao Mengxiang - - 2011
The effect of the extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field on citric acid and cellulase production by Aspergillus niger using liquid Charles culture medium was studied during shake flask culture. The cellular suspension was exposed to a magnetic field (t = 4 h, B = 1 mT, and f = 50 Hz). The dependence of yield of citric acid ...
Abdelfattah Mohamed S - - 2011
A new phenazine derivative named izumiphenazine D (1), together with three known metabolites, 1-hydroxyphenazine (2), phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (3) and 6-hydroxyphenazine-1-carboxylic acid (4) has been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of culture of Streptomyces sp. IFM 11204. The structure of 1 was established via spectroscopic methods, including 1D- and 2D-NMR ...
Hashim Puziah - - 2011
Leaves of Centella asiatica (Centella) were analysed for their triterpene composition and bioactivity such as collagen enhancement, antioxidant, anticellulite and UV protection capacity properties. Triterpenes of Centella were measured using HPLC-PAD on an Excil ODS 5 mm (C18) column for the simultaneous determination of asiatic acid, madecassic acid, asiaticoside and ...
Guerreiro-Tanomaru Juliane Maria - - 2011
This study evaluated the in vitro antibacterial activity of conventional and experimental endodontic irrigants against Enterococcus faecalis. The following substances were evaluated by direct contact test: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); 2% chlorhexidine (CHX); 1% peracetic acid. After different contact periods (30 s, 1, 3, and 10 min), a neutralizing agent ...
Zhao Ming-Xing - - 2011
Pretreatment at different pHs was adopted in this study to enhance the substance solubilization and hydrogen production from kitchen wastes through anaerobic digestion. After a pretreatment set at pH = 13, solubilization of kitchen wastes improved substantially as the concentration of soluble carbohydrate, soluble protein, lipids and soluble chemical oxygen ...
Ito Yusai - - 2011
Tigloylshikonin, a new shikonin derivative esterified with tiglic acid ((E)-2-methylbut-2-enoic acid), was isolated as a minor pigment from a food colorant "Shikon color," a commercial root extract from Lithospermum erythrorhizon SIEBOLD et ZUCCARINI. The structure of tigloylshikonin was elucidated using (1)H, (13)C, the difference nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE), and 2D ...
Tachibana T - - 2011
Prolactin (PRL)-releasing peptides (PrRP) have been identified in mammals, amphibians and fishes, and these animals have several PrRPs that consist of different numbers of amino acids such as 20, 31 and 37. In the present study, we identified the cDNA encoding chicken prepro-PrRP, which can generate putative PrRPs, and cloned ...
Guida Vincenzo - - 2011
A peroxidase (PD-cP; 0.47 mg/100 g leaves) was purified from autumn leaves of Phytolacca dioica L. and characterized. PD-cP was obtained by acid precipitation followed by gel-filtration and cation exchange chromatography. Amino acid composition and N-terminal sequence of PD-cP up to residue 15 were similar to that of Spinacia oleracea ...
Martinić Mara - - 2011
Shigella flexneri is endemic in most underdeveloped countries, causing diarrheal disease and dysentery among young children. In order to reach its target site, the colon, Shigella must overcome the acid environment of the stomach. Shigella is able to persist in this stressful environment and, because of this ability it can ...
Shulse Christine N - - 2011
Bacterial production of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), is constrained to a narrow subset of marine γ-proteobacteria. The genes responsible for de novo bacterial PUFA biosynthesis, designated pfaEABCD, encode large, multi-domain protein complexes akin to type I iterative ...
Yang Ye Y College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Mercer University, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2011
Vitamin B12 deficiency, which may result in anemia and nerve damage if left untreated, is currently treated by administration of cyanocobalamin via oral or intramuscular routes. However, these routes are associated with absorption and compliance issues which have prompted us to investigate skin as an alternative site of administration. Delivery ...
Fujiwara Mai - - 2010
Biotransformation studies conducted on (+)-(S)-ar-turmerone (1) and (+)-(S)-dihydro-ar-turmerone (2) by the fungus Aspergillus niger have revealed that 1 was metabolized to give four oxidized metabolites, (+)-(7S)-hydroxydehydro-ar-todomatuic acid (3), (+)-(7S,10E)-12-hydroxydehydro-ar-todomatuic acid (4), (+)-(7S,10E)-7,12-dihydroxydehydro-ar-todomatuic acid (5), and (+)-(7S)-15-carboxy-9,13-epoxy-7-hydroxy-9,13-dehydro-ar-curcumene (6), and (+)-(S)-dihydro-ar-turmerone (2) was metabolized to (+)-7,11-dihydroxy-ar-todomatuic acid (7). Metabolites 3-7 were characterized ...
Giaccio Joanne - - 2011
Wine lactone (i.e., 3a,4,5,7a-tetrahydro-3,6-dimethylbenzofuran-2(3H)-one, 1a/1b) was formed hydrolytically at wine pH from both racemic (E)-2,6-dimethyl-6-hydroxyocta-2,7-dienoic acid (3) and the corresponding glucose ester 2a at 45 °C but at room temperature was only formed from the acid 3. The glucose ester does not appear to be a significant precursor for the ...
Bhat Z F - - 2012
Harrisa is a popular indigenous meat based product of Jammu and Kashmir. An attempt was made to standardize the basic formulation and processing conditions for the preparation of the Harrisa using mutton meat. The product so developed was packed in low density polyethylene pouches (LDPE) and evaluated for a shelf ...
Endo Satoshi - - 2011
Farnesol (FOH) and geranylgeraniol (GGOH) with multiple biological actions are produced from the mevalonate pathway, and catabolized into farnesoic acid and geranylgeranoic acid, respectively, via the aldehyde intermediates (farnesal and geranylgeranial). We investigated the intracellular distribution, sequences and properties of the oxidoreductases responsible for the metabolic steps in rat tissues. ...
Kahle Kathrin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Apples are the most widely consumed fruits in Germany and various other countries. Positive health effects of apple-derived polyphenols in vivo depend on their absorption, metabolism, distribution, and elimination from the body after consumption. Data on the metabolism of these polyphenols in humans are scarce. In order to study ...
Gao Yongqing - - 2011
To enhance nutrient removal performance and reduce disposal amount of waste activated sludge (WAS), a pilot-scale continuous system consisting of a 2-step sludge alkaline fermentation process and an A(2)O reactor was proposed. The feasibility of WAS reducing and resourcing by alkaline fermentation was investigated. Volatile fatty acids (VFA) yield was ...
Du Hongmei - - 2011
Differential metabolic responses to heat stress may be associated with variations in heat tolerance between cool-season (C(3) ) and warm-season (C(4) ) perennial grass species. The main objective of this study was to identify metabolites associated with differential heat tolerance between C(4) bermudagrass and C(3) Kentucky bluegrass by performing metabolite ...
Culka A - - 2010
The detection of relatively low concentrations of the biomarkers in experimentally prepared evaporitic matrices using a portable Raman instrument (Ahura First Defender XL equipped with a 785nm diode laser and fixed frontal probe) under Alpine conditions was tested. The instrument was able to detect nucleobases thymine (1673 and 984cm(-1)) and ...
Wu Xianli - - 2011
Fatty acids (FAs) are essential components of lipids and exhibit important biological functions. The analyses of FAs are routinely carried out by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after multistep sample preparation. In this study, several key experimental factors were carefully examined, validated, and optimized to analyze free fatty acid (FFA) and FA ...
Wang Zhihong - - 2011
Brevetoxins are neurotoxins produced by marine dinoflagellates, primarily Karenia brevis, and can cause intoxication and even mortality of marine species, affect human health through the consumption of brevetoxin-contaminated shellfish, and effect respiratory irritation through aerosol exposure at coastal areas. Brevetoxin-A and brevetoxin-B, the major brevetoxins produced in algae, are metabolized ...
Zhang Jianguo - - 2010
A new sialidase-producing strain isolated from soil was identified as Oerskovia xanthineolytica YZ-2. Sialidase was produced when Oerskovia xanthineolytica YZ-2 was exposed to polysialogangliosides. The sialidase of Oerskovia xanthineolytica YZ-2 hydrolyzed sialic acid linkages in polysialogangliosides, and released monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1). The sialidase had the capability of product specificity because it ...
Kováčik Jozef - - 2012
Effect of prey feeding (ants Formica fusca) on the quantitative changes in the accumulation of free amino acids, soluble proteins, phenolic metabolites and mineral nutrients in the leaves of carnivorous plant Drosera capensis was studied. Arginine was the most abundant compound in Drosera leaves, while proline was abundant in ants. ...
Hu Xiaohong - - 2010
In order to mimic the natural cartilage extracellular matrix, which is composed of core proteins and glycosaminoglycans, a biological hydrogel was synthesized from the biopolymers hyaluronic acid (HA), chondroitin sulfate (CS) and gelatin via click chemistry. HA and CS were modified with 11-azido-3,6,9-trioxaundecan-1-amine (AA) and gelatin was modified with propiolic ...
Fuller John C - - 2011
The leucine metabolite, β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB), is a nutritional supplement that increases lean muscle and strength with exercise and in disease states. HMB is presently available as the Ca salt (CaHMB). The present study was designed to examine whether HMB in free acid gel form will improve HMB availability to tissues. ...
Pinna Maria Vittoria - - 2011
The photodegradation of the aryloxyphenoxy propionic herbicide cyhalofop-butyl (2R)-2-[4-(4-cyano-2-fluorophenoxy)phenoxy]butylpropanoate (CyB), and of its primary metabolite (2R)-2-[4-(4-cyano-2-fluorophenoxy)phenoxy]propanoic acid (CyA) was studied in water at different irradiation wavelengths. The sunlight irradiation was investigated also in the presence of humic acid (HA), Fe oxide, titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) as photocatalysts. ...
Albermann M E - - 2011
Hair analysis is a powerful tool for retrospective drug analysis. By determining the minor ethanol metabolites ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in hair, even a previous consumption of alcohol is detectable. However, previous studies showed a lack of correlation if both parameters are determined simultaneously. A ...
Jobelius Carsten - - 2011
Anaerobic degradation processes play an important role in contaminated aquifers. To indicate active biodegradation processes signature metabolites can be used. In this study field samples from a high-resolution multilevel well in a tar oil-contaminated, anoxic aquifer were analyzed for metabolites by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and time-of-flight mass spectrometry. In ...
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >