Search Results
Results 751 - 800 of 2730
< 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 >
Chen Tianlu - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy in the world with high morbidity and mortality rate. Identification of novel biomarkers in HCC remains impeded primarily because of the heterogeneity of the disease in clinical presentations as well as the pathophysiological variations derived from underlying conditions such as cirrhosis and steatohepatitis. ...
Weinhold Alexander - - 2011
Plant glandular trichomes exude secondary metabolites with defensive functions, but these epidermal protuberances are surprisingly the first meal of Lepidopteran herbivores on Nicotiana attenuata. O-acyl sugars, the most abundant metabolite of glandular trichomes, impart a distinct volatile profile to the body and frass of larvae that feed on them. The ...
Perrin Lionel - - 2011
We report an unambiguous proof of the stability of a carbinol intermediate in the case P450 metabolism of an N-methylated natural cyclo-peptide, namely tentoxin. Under mild acidic or neutral conditions lifetime of carbinol-amide is long enough to be fully characterized. This metabolite has been characterized using specifically labeled (14) C-methyl ...
Wikoff William R - - 2011
Untargeted metabolomics on the plasma and urine from wild-type and organic anion transporter-1 (Oat1/Slc22a6) knockout mice identified a number of physiologically important metabolites, including several not previously linked to Oat1-mediated transport. Several, such as indoxyl sulfate, derive from Phase II metabolism of enteric gut precursors and accumulate in chronic kidney ...
Bastida F - - 2011
The flow of benzene carbon along a food chain consisting of bacteria and eukaryotes, including larvae (Diptera: Chironomidae) was evaluated by total lipid fatty acids (TLFAs)-, amino acid- and protein-stable isotope probing (SIP). A coconut-fiber textile, colonized by a benzene-degrading biofilm, was sampled in a system established for the remediation ...
Liu Guangfei - - 2011
The effects of humic acid (HA) on azo dye decolorization by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 were studied. It was found that HA species isolated from different sources could all accelerate the decolorization of Acid Red 27 (AR27). Anoxic and anaerobic conditions were required for the enhancement of azo dye decolorization by ...
Menozzi-Smarrito Candice C Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, - - 2011
Feruloylquinic acids are a major class of biologically active phenolic antioxidants in coffee beans, but their metabolic fate is poorly understood. The present study investigated the phase II metabolism of feruloylquinic acids with selected human sulfotransferases (SULT1A1 and SULT1E1) and uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronosyltransferases (UGT1A1 and UGT1A9). For unequivocal metabolite identification, the ...
Liang Zhibin - - 2011
An extensive study of the secondary metabolites produced by a new Sticta sp. of lichen has led to the isolation of three new compounds containing the 4-amino-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentanoic acid residue (Ahppa). The structures of stictamides A-C (1-3) were assigned by 2D NMR spectroscopic and chemical methods. Due to extensive epimerization of ...
Mueller Ulla - - 2011
Coffee shows distinct antimicrobial activity against several bacterial genera. The present study investigated molecular mechanisms and active ingredients mediating the antimicrobial effect of coffee. Depending on concentration, roasted, but not raw coffee brew inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Listeria innocua. Several coffee ingredients with known antibacterial properties were ...
Fukano Yasufumi - - 2011
To investigate the metabolism of a new antiglaucoma difluoroprostaglandin, tafluprost, in ocular tissues and evaluate the distribution of the parent drug and its metabolites in ocular and systemic tissues after a single ocular administration to cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). A single dose of an ophthalmic solution containing 0.0005%, 0.005%, or ...
Mitamura Kuniko - - 2011
Acyl-adenylates and acyl-CoA thioesters of bile acids (BAs) are highly electrophilic acyl-linked metabolites which can undergo transacylation reactions with amino and thiol groups of nucleophilic groups on acceptor molecules such as amino acids, peptides, and proteins. Here, non-enzymatic acylation at pH 7.4 of glycine, taurine, glutathione (GSH), and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) by ...
Black Paleah - - 2011
Northern Labrador tea, RHODODENDRON TOMENTOSUM ssp. SUBARCTICUM, is one of the most commonly used medicinal plants by Inuit and other First Nations peoples of Canada. The phenolic profile and seasonal variation of this commonly used medicinal plant remains largely unknown. To assess optimal harvesting time, R. TOMENTOSUM was collected in accordance ...
Qandil Amjad M - - 2011
Combination therapy of fibrates and nicotinic acid has been reported to be synergistic. Herein, we describe a covalent codrug of gemfibrozil (GEM) and nicotinic acid (NA) that was synthesized and characterized by (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, FT-IR, MS analysis and elemental analysis. A validated HPLC method was developed that allows for the ...
Mitamura Kuniko - - 2011
Previous work from this laboratory has reported the chemical synthesis of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) conjugates of natural bile acids (BAs) and shown that such novel conjugates can be formed in vivo in rats to which NAC has been administered. The subsequent fate of such novel conjugates is not known. One possible ...
Gauthier Jacques Yves - - 2011
A weak, UDP-competitive antagonist of the pyrimidinergic receptor P2RY(14) with a naphthoic acid core was identified through high-throughput screening. Optimization provided compounds with improved potency but poor pharmacokinetics. Acylglucuronidation was determined to be the major route of metabolism. Increasing the electron-withdrawing nature of the substituents markedly reduced glucuronidation and improved ...
Schmitzer Valentina - - 2011
Apricot is one of the most popular Prunus species grown in the temperate zone and great variation in the contents of primary and secondary metabolites has been reported in its fruit. However, little is known on the phenolic profiles and antioxidant potential of important local cultivars. The objective of the ...
Silva Lurdes - - 2011
Fatty acids have been used as biomarkers of the microbial community composition of soils and they are usually separated and quantified by gas-chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The aim of this study was to develop, validate and apply a methodology based on gas chromatography coupled to optical ...
Gao Xiang - - 2011
The mass spectral behavior of amino acid methyl ester phosphoramidate derivatives have been investigated using electrospray ionization multistage mass spectrometry (ESI-MS(n) ) and moderate theoretical calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. A novel methyl group migration to the phosphoryl group with the formation of the intermediate cyclic aminoacylphosphoramidate was found. The ...
Castañeda-Gómez Jhon - - 2011
Three new resin glycosides, purginosides I and II (1 and 2) and purgin I (3), were isolated from the aerial parts of Ipomoea purga and purified by preparative-scale recycling HPLC from a chloroform-soluble extract. Their structures were established through NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Purginosides I and II (1 and ...
Rocha R A - - 2011
The aim of the present study is to determine the effect of inorganic arsenic (As) and its metabolites on the viability of the neural progenitor cell (NPC) line C17.2, in order to evaluate cellular mechanisms involved in As developmental neurotoxicity. Moreover, we analyzed the effects of the coexposure to As ...
Lin Zhi-Jian - - 2011
Rapid and direct screening of nitrile-converting enzymes is of great importance in the development of industrial biocatalytic process for pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals. In this paper, a combination of ferrous and ferric ions was used to establish a novel colorimetric screening method for nitrile hydratase and amidase with metabolize α-amino ...
Park Taeseong - - 2011
Six cerebrosides were isolated from the eggs of the starfish Asterias amurensis using solvent extraction, silica gel column chromatography, and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. This study demonstrated that the structures of cerebrosides could be completely characterized, based on their sodium-adducted molecules, using fast atom bombardment (FAB) tandem mass spectrometry. The ...
Zhao Ming - - 2011
Two previous studies have reported that pu-erh tea contains a high level of γ-Amino butyric acid (GABA) which is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and has several physiological functions. However, two other researchers have demonstrated that the GABA content of several pu-erh teas was low. Due ...
Wang Jiankang - - 2011
In an effort to investigate the effect of positional distribution on oxidative stability of menhaden and seal blubber oils, Novozyme 435 was used as a random biocatalyst. Positional distribution of fatty acids was determined using gas chromatography. As some of the α-tocopherol was lost during randomization, its content was adjusted ...
Near Jamie - - 2011
One of the most commonly used methods for in vivo MRS detection of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the MEGA-point-resolved spectroscopy (MEGA-PRESS) technique. However, accurate quantification of GABA using MEGA-PRESS is complicated by spectral co-editing of macromolecular resonances. In this article, a new pulse sequence is presented which enables GABA editing ...
Moran Ernesto E - - 2011
The denitrosation of three primary S-nitrosothiols (RSNO; S-nitrosocysteine, S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine, and S-nitrosoglutathione) and two tertiary RSNOs (S-nitrosopenicillamine and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine) was investigated in 3.75 M H(2)SO(4) to probe the mechanism of acid-catalyzed RSNO hydrolysis and its dependence on RSNO structure. This reversible reaction was forced to proceed in the denitrosation direction by ...
Robertson Donald G - - 2011
The overnight (16-hr) fast is one of the most common experimental manipulations performed in rodent studies. Despite its ubiquitous employment, a comprehensive evaluation of metabolomic and transcriptomic sequelae of fasting in conjunction with routine clinical pathologic evaluation has not been undertaken. This study assessed the impact of a 16-hr fast ...
Peng Xiaoping - - 2011
Five new cerebrosides, chrysogesides A-E (1-5), and two new 2-pyridone alkaloids, chrysogedones A and B (6 and 7), were isolated from the fermentation broth of Penicillium chrysogenum PXP-55, a halotolerant fungus grown in a hypersaline medium. Among them, chrysogesides B-D (2-4) are the first cerebrosides that contain an unsaturated C(19)-fatty ...
McCarron Pearse - - 2011
A candidate certified reference material (CRM) for multiple shellfish toxins (domoic acid, okadaic acid and dinophysistoxins, pectenotoxins, yessotoxin, azaspiracids and spirolides) has been prepared as a freeze-dried powder from mussel tissues (Mytilus edulis). Along with the certified values, the most important characteristics for a reference material to be fit-for-purpose are ...
Lubbe Andrea - - 2011
Narcissus bulbs contain the biologically active alkaloid galanthamine, and Narcissus is being developed as a natural source of the molecule for the pharmaceutical industry. The effect of fertilizer on galanthamine production was investigated in a field study using a (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolite profiling approach. Galanthamine was quantitated ...
Mane Carine - - 2011
Fractionation of the polyphenols constituting a food grade lingonberry extract ( Vaccinium vitis-idaea ) highlighted a composition more complex than described until now in the berry. Procyanidins B1, B2, and A2 were identified by UPLC/ESI-MS(2) along with the presence of other flavanol oligomers. Processing induced the release of large amounts ...
Xiao Ying - - 2011
Like arachidonic acid (AA), dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) is a 20-carbon ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid and a substrate of cyclooxygenase (COX). Through free radical reactions, COX metabolizes DGLA and AA to form well-known bioactive metabolites, namely, the 1 and 2 series of prostaglandins (PGs1 and PGs2), respectively. Unlike PGs2, which are ...
Reiland Sonja - - 2011
We have analyzed the dynamics of the rice etioplast membrane proteome during the early phase of de-etiolation using iTRAQ-based relative protein quantification. Several hundred plastid proteins were identified from enriched membranes, including 36 putative transporters. Hierarchical clustering revealed the coordinated light induction of thylakoid membrane proteins with proteins involved in ...
Kilaru Aruna - - 2011
N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are bioactive fatty acid derivatives that occur in all eukaryotes. In plants, NAEs have potent negative growth-regulating properties, and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)-mediated hydrolysis is a primary catabolic pathway that operates during seedling establishment to deplete these compounds. Alternatively, polyunsaturated (PU)-NAEs may serve as substrates for lipid ...
Hadibarata Tony - - 2011
Phenanthrene degradation by Polyporus sp. S133, a new phenanthrene-degrading strain, was investigated in this work. The analysis of degradation was performed by calculation of the remaining phenanthrene by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. When cells were grown in phenanthrene culture after 92 h, all but 200 and 250 mg/l of the phenanthrene ...
Polatoğlu Kaan - - 2011
In this study, water-distilled essential oils from the flowers of Tanacetum zahlbruckneri and flowers and stems of Tanacetum tabrisianum from Turkey were analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The flower oil of T. zahlbruckneri was characterised by the sesquiterpenes germacrene D (29.7%) and spathulenol (12%). Flower ...
Ostergaard Michael E - - 2011
We have synthesized a carbon linker analogue of INA (oligonucleotides containing insertions of 1-O-(1-pyrenylmethyl)glycerol). Thermal stability studies showed an increase in melting temperature in favor of the carbon linker analogue. We also synthesized a carbon linker analogue with two pyrenes geminally attached. Fluorescence studies of this intercalating nucleic acid with ...
Shao Chang-Lun - - 2011
Three new 14-membered resorcylic acid lactones, two with a rare natural acetonide group and one with a 5-chloro-substituted lactone, named cochliomycins A-C (1-3), together with four known analogues, zeaenol (4), LL-Z1640-1 (5), LL-Z1640-2 (6), and paecilomycin F (7), were isolated from the culture broth of Cochliobolus lunatus, a fungus obtained ...
Kaur Amarjeet - - 2012
Studies were carried out to replace bakery shortening with refined rice bran oil in bread preparation. Physico-chemical properties of bakery shortening and rice bran oil were studied. Rice bran oil was found to have a higher content of essential fatty acid linoleic acid (34.98%) as compared to that of bakery ...
Kato Azusa - - 2011
The anti-MRSA antibiotic, WAP-8294A, was isolated from the fermentation broth of Lysobacter sp. The major component, WAP-8294A2, is composed of 1 mol of Gly, L-Leu, L-Glu, D-Asn, D-Trp, D-threo-β-hydroxyasparagine, N-Me-D-Phe and N-Me-L-Val, and 2 mol of L-Ser, D-Orn and D-3-hydroxy-7-Me-octanoic acid. The structure of the WAP-8294A2 was mainly determined as a cyclic ...
Zhai Hongyan - - 2011
Brominated disinfection byproducts (Br-DBPs) are generally more cytotoxic and genotoxic than their chlorinated analogues. A great portion of total organic bromine in chlorinated drinking water is still unknown and may be ascribed to polar Br-DBPs. In this work, a novel approach, precursor ion scan using ultra-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-triple quadrupole ...
Eterigho Elizabeth J - - 2011
In this study, sulphated zirconia was directly synthesised and compared to the conventional wet method of preparation. The surface areas and pore sizes were 169m(2)/g, 0.61μm (directly synthesized) and 65m(2)/g, 0.24μm (conventional method), respectively. Directly synthesized sulphated zirconia was amorphous, whereas conventionally prepared sulphated zirconia is polycrystalline. Their IR spectra ...
Maity Tanushree - - 2012
A formulation for the development of a crispy texture of crust in vegetable snack after freezing and frying was standardized using different flours such as whole-wheat flour (WWF), refined wheat flour (RWF), rice flour (RF) and semolina (S). Formulation with 60% WWF, 20% RWF, 10% RF and 10% S was ...
Onghena Matthias - - 2011
Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) are currently one of the most promising biosurfactants because of their multifunctional applications and good biodegradability. Depending on the yeast strain and the feedstock used for the fermentation process, structural variations in the MELs obtained occur. Therefore, MELs produced by Pseudozyma aphidis DSMZ 70725 with a soybean ...
Kim Sooah - - 2011
The effect of sugar on plant metabolism, which is known to be similar to hormone-like signaling, was metabolomically studied using Melissa officinalis (lemon balm). The metabolite profiles of M. officinalis treated with sucrose were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and principal component analysis (PCA). A total of 64 metabolites ...
Rekha C R - - 2011
The aim of this work was to reduce the natural fermentation period of 'idli' from the conventional 14 h to 10 h by adding underutilized okara for the preparation of 'idli'. Black gram was partially substituted with soy residue okara in the ratio of (1:1). After 14 h of natural fermentation, the pH ...
Stephensen Charles B - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine whether 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) gene variants associated with cardiovascular disease affect eicosanoid production by monocytes. The study was a randomized, double-masked, parallel intervention trial with fish oil (5.0 g of fish oil daily, containing 2.0 g of eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and 1.0 g ...
Geramita Matthew - - 2011
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter of the human brain, and GABA-ergic dysfunction has been implicated in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. Recent MRS techniques have allowed the quantification of GABA concentrations in vivo, and could therefore provide biologically relevant information. Few reports have formally characterized the reproducibility ...
Andreou Dimitrios - - 2011
The dystrobrevin binding protein-1 (DTNBP1) gene encodes dysbindin-1, a protein involved in neurodevelopmental and neurochemical processes related mainly to the monoamine dopamine. We investigated possible associations between eleven DTNBP1 polymorphisms and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of the major dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA), the major serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), ...
Uppal Rohit - - 2011
Hyaluronic acid (HA) was electrospun. The effects of flow rate, spin length, and the applied voltage on the diameter of the HA nanofibers were analyzed. The average thickness of the webs was 0.041 cm. The air permeability of sterilized HA nanofiber wound dressing was much higher than that of gauze ...
< 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 >