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Kumar Santosh S Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. - - 2013
Bleeding is a significant morbidity associated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the antifibrinolytic agent tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy. A total of 200 patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy were randomized into 2 equal groups. Patients in ...
Wu Ke-Hua - - 2012
Aim:To describe the population pharmacokinetic profile of modafinil acid and to compare the extent of metabolism of modafinil into modafinil acid in 5 major ethnic groups (Han, Mongolian, Korean, Uygur, and Hui) of China.Methods:In a multi-center, open-label, single dose clinical trial, 49 healthy volunteers from the 5 ethnic groups received ...
do Nascimento Raphael Fonseca - - 2013
The electrocatalytic activity of cobalt(II)-phthalocyanine immobilized in a carbon paste electrode for citric acid oxidation under a diffusion-controlled electrochemical process was employed to develop a selective flow injection amperomettric analysis method. Under optimized conditions, rapid and reliable determinations of citric acid (65 samples per hour) were achieved for analyses of ...
Dolińska Barbara - - 2012
Together with vitamin C, zinc, selenium, manganese, and magnesium play a vital role in the preservation of organs scheduled for transplantation. In the present study, it is shown that addition of 1 mg/l of these elements influences the stability of 0.3 mM ascorbic acid solutions. The solution's stability was estimated using an ...
Salanti Anika - - 2012
The recalcitrance of lignocelluloses toward enzymatic hydrolysis necessitates pretreatments. Ionic liquid pretreatment with 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([amin]Cl) was applied to risk husk and cellulose-containing fractions were recovered from the ionic liquid solutions by acidic, alkaline, and alkaline-acidic regeneration respectively. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the recovered materials was carried out and results demonstrated ...
Liu Yaqing - - 2012
Supramolecular polymers from the bolaamphiphilic L-histidine (BolaHis) and benzene dicarboxylic acids (o-phthalic acid, OPA; isophthalic acid, IPA and terephthalic acid, TPA) were found to form hydrogels although neither of the single components could gel water. It was suggested that the hydrogen bond and ionic interactions among different imidazole and carboxylic ...
Koutsari Christina C Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2013
Accurate measures of plasma FA oxidation can improve our understanding of diseases characterized by impaired FA oxidation. We describe and compare the 24 h time-courses of FA oxidation using bolus injections of [1-(14)C]palmitate versus [9,10-(3)H]palmitate under postabsorptive, postprandial, and walking conditions. Fifty-one men and 95 premenopausal women participated in one ...
Lin Mingbao - - 2012
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is found in many plants that are used as medicinal substances in traditional Chinese medicine injectables (TCMIs). However, to date, there is controversy as to whether CGA is the major cause of TCMIs-related hypersensitivity administered intravenously. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential ...
Sirsalmath Kiran - - 2012
A group of Piloty's acid (N-hydroxybenzenesulfonamide) derivatives were synthesized and fully characterized in order to assess the rates and pH of HNO (azanone, nitroxyl) donation in aqueous media. The derivatives, with electron-withdrawing and -donating substituents include methyl, nitro, fluoro, tri-isopropyl, trifluoromethyl and methoxy groups. The most interesting modulation observed is ...
Haslam Richard P - - 2012
This article will focus on the modification of plant seed oils to enhance their nutritional composition. Such modifications will include C18 Δ6-desaturated fatty acids such as γ-linolenic and stearidonic acid, omega-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as arachidonic acid, as well as the omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (often named ...
Dong Da-Wen - - 2012
Doxorubicin (DOX) was conjugated to polyethylenimine (PEI) in several synthetic ways and created PEI-succinic anhydride (SUC)-DOX, PEI-N-succinimidyl 3-maleimidopropionate (SMP)-DOX and PEI-3-maleimidopropionic acid hydrazide (MPH)-DOX conjugates using pH-insensitive linkage (amide bond) or pH-sensitive linkage (hydrazone bond). The effects of the conjugates on anticancer therapy against human breast cancer cells were investigated ...
Michelon Damien - - 2012
Reducing activity is a physiological property of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) of technological importance. We developed a solid medium with tetrazolium dyes enabling weakly and strongly reducing LAB to be discriminated. It was used to quantify populations in a mixed culture (spreading method) and screen strains (spot method).
James Gabriel O - - 2012
This study investigated the changes in the fatty acid content and composition in the nitrogen-starved Chlamydomonas reinhardtii starchless mutant, BAF-J5, grown at different temperatures. The optimal temperature for vegetative growth under nitrogen sufficient conditions was found to be 32°C. Shifting temperature from 25 to 32°C, in conjunction with nitrogen starvation, ...
Martín-Sómer Ana - - 2012
The gas-phase acidity of a series of amine-borane complexes has been investigated through the use of electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), with the application of the extended Cooks kinetic method, and high-level G4 ab initio calculations. The most significant finding is that typical nitrogen bases, such as aniline, react with BH(3) to ...
Hsu Hsin-Yun HY Graduate Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10672, - - 2012
Ascorbic acid occurs naturally in many wine-making fruits. The industry also uses ascorbic acid as an antioxidant and color stabilizer in the making of alcoholic beverages including white wine, wine cooler, alcopop, and fruit liqueur. However, the degradation of ascorbic acid itself may cause browning and the deterioration of color ...
Xiong Zhu - - 2013
Blends of entirely bio-sourced polymers, namely polylactide (PLA) and starch, have been melt-compounded by lab-scale co-extruder with epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) as a reactive compatibilizer. The starch granules were grafted with the maleic anhydride (MA) to enhance its reactivity with ESO. The ready reactions between the epoxy groups on ESO, ...
Restaino Odile Francesca - - 2012
Chondroitin sulfate is a well-known bioactive molecule, widely used as an anti-osteoarthritis drug, that is nowadays mainly produced by animal tissue sources with unsafe extraction procedures. Recent studies have explored an integrated biotechnological-chemical strategy to obtain a chondroitin sulfate precursor from Escherichia coli K4 capsular polysaccharide, demonstrating the influence of ...
Oh Hye Yun - - 2012
The improvement of bacterial tolerance to organic solvents is a main prerequisite for the microbial production of biofuels which are toxic to cells. For targeted genetic engineering of Escherichia coli to increase organic solvent tolerances (OSTs), we selected and investigated a total of 12 genes that participate in relevant mechanisms ...
Ober Courtney A - - 2012
Cocrystals of itraconazole, an antifungal drug with poor bioavailability, and succinic acid, a water-soluble dicarboxylic acid, were formed by gas antisolvent (GAS) cocrystallization using pressurized CO(2) to improve itraconazole dissolution. In this study, itraconazole and succinic acid were simultaneously dissolved in a liquid solvent, tetrahydrofuran, at ambient conditions. The solution ...
Patkar Rajesh N - - 2012
Fatty acids stored as triglycerides, an important source of cellular energy, are catabolized through β-oxidation pathways predicted to occur both in peroxisomes and mitochondria in filamentous fungi. Here, we characterize the function of Enoyl-CoA hydratase Ech1, a mitochondrial β-oxidation enzyme, in the model phytopathogen Magnaporthe oryzae. Ech1 was found to ...
Kuribayashi Hideaki - - 2012
Enterobacteria are known to deconjugate amino acid-conjugated bile acids in the intestine. Administration of ampicillin (ABPC; 3 days, 100mg/kg) decreased the expression of ileal farnesoid X receptor (Fxr) target genes, and increased the levels of total bile acids in the intestinal lumen. The primary tauro-conjugates of cholic acid (TCA) and ...
Harris William S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Blood omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid levels have been associated with reduced risk for total mortality in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), but their relationships with mortality in the setting of myocardial infarction (MI) are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between red blood cell (RBC) fatty ...
Biro Jan C - - 2012
Transfer RNA molecules (tRNA) have the thermodynamic potential to interact with each other to form dimers (hybridization energy, dG=-33.2±6.7kcal/mole, compared to the folding energy of the cloverleaf configuration, dG=-25±4.4kcal/mole, p<0.0001). The dG values have a strong negative correlation with the frequency of co-locations and substitutions of associated amino acids. We ...
Stout Molly J MJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
To evaluate urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPC) alone and with uric acid and clinical factors to predict or exclude significant proteinuria in preeclampsia evaluations. Retrospective cohort study patients undergoing evaluation for preeclampsia. Greater than 300 mg of protein in a 24-h collection was the gold standard defining proteinuria against which UPC performance ...
Liu Xin - - 2012
Defined medium for arachidonic acid (ARA) production by Mortierella alpina was optimized for its metabolomics study. For this purpose, a visualization method (VM) was applied for the first time. Experiments were designed according to the uniform design with four factors (concentrations of glucose, NaNO(3), KH(2)PO(4) and MgSO(4)·7H(2)O) for each at ...
Nozue Tsuyoshi - - 2012
A low ratio of n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids has been associated with cardiovascular events. However, the effects of this ratio on coronary atherosclerosis have not been fully examined. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the correlations between the n-3 to n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio ...
Silverberg Jonathan I - - 2012
Squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE) is a commonly used treatment for verruca vulgaris of childhood. Few studies, however, have examined the role of SADBE in combination with other topical therapies for warts. We sought to determine if trichloroacetic acid 50% (TCA) and/or cantharidin 0.7% improve therapeutic response to SADBE. A ...
Komarova N V - - 2012
Natural D-amino acid oxidases (DAAO) are not suitable for selective determination of D-amino acids due to their broad substrate specificity profiles. Analysis of the 3D-structure of the DAAO enzyme from the yeast Trigonopsis variabilis (TvDAAO) revealed the Phe258 residue located at the surface of the protein globule to be in ...
Lu Ying - - 2012
Two new cinnamic acids, 2-O-caffeoyl-3-O-isoferuloyltartaric (3), and 2, 3-di-O-isoferuloyltartaric acid (5), along with three known caffeic acids, cichoric acid (1), 2-O-caffeoyl-3-O-feruloyltartaric acid (2) and 2-O-caffeoyl-3-O-p-coumaroyltartaric acid (4), have been successfully isolated and purified from Echinacea purpurea. In this study, we investigated an efficient method for the preparative isolation and purification ...
Kamisah Yusof - - 2012
This study was performed to compare the oxidative quality of repeatedly heated palm and soybean oils, which were used to fry keropok lekors and potato chips. A kilogramme of keropok lekors or potato chips was fried in 2.5 L of palm or soybean oil at 180 °C for 10 minutes. ...
König Stefanie - - 2012
In Arabidopsis, the fatty acid moiety of sphingolipids is mainly α-hydroxylated. The consequences of a reduction in this modification were analysed. Mutants of both Fatty Acid Hydroxylase genes (AtFAH1 and AtFAH2) were analysed for sphingolipid profiles. To elucidate further consequences of the mutations, metabolic analyses were performed and the influence ...
Hsu Ming-Sheng - - 2012
In this study, we fabricated Au nanowires (NWs), nanoslices (NSs), and nanocorals (NCs) on flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates via direct current electrochemical depositions. Without any surface modification, the Au nanostructures were used as the electrodes for dopamine (DA) sensing. Among them, the Au NW electrode performed exceptionally well. The ...
Shobharani Papanna - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the suitability of marine lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as starter cultures for Sargassum sp. fermentation to enhance its antioxidant and anticoagulation activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lactic acid bacteria isolated from marine source were characterized for their ability to utilize seaweed as a sole carbon source and applied ...
Zhang Fuzhong - - 2012
Fatty acids are important precursors to biofuels. The Escherichia coli FadR is a transcription factor that regulates several processes in fatty acid biosynthesis, degradation, and membrane transport. By tuning the expression of FadR in an engineered E. coli host, we were able to increase fatty acid titer by 7.5-fold over ...
Cheng Yuan - - 2012
In this paper, a kind of novel alginic acid nanoparticles was successfully prepared by a nonsolvent-aided counterion complexation between anionic alginic acid and cationic 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethylamine in aqueous solution followed by cross-linking alginic acid moiety using Ca2+. It was found that these alginic acid nanoparticles have a spherical morphology with the ...
Lin Yu Hong - - 2012
Microwave irradiation as the energy source for one-step direct transesterification of fatty acids in human serum lipids was examined in a solvent system of methanol: hexane: acetyl chloride based on a Lepage & Roy assay. Innovative and explosion proof single-mode or multimode microwave accelerated reaction system was employed. Recoveries were ...
Hu Bing - - 2012
The objectives were to assess the feasibility of using fermented liquid swine manure (LSM) as nutrient supplement for cultivation of Chlorella sp. UMN271, a locally isolated facultative heterotrophic strain, and to evaluate the nutrient removal efficiencies by alga compared with those from the conventionally decomposed LSM-algae system. The results showed ...
Dendisova-Vyskovska Marcela - - 2012
The detection of p-coumaric acid and ferulic acid using a combined in situ electrochemical and surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopic technique in specially made electrode cell is described. New in situ spectroelectrochemical cell was designed as the three-electrode arrangement connected via positioning device to fiber-optic probe of Raman spectrometer Dimension P2 ...
Agiomyrgianaki Alexia - - 2012
(31) P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to detect and quantify simultaneously a large number of phenolic compounds and the two triterpenic acids, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid, extracted from two oregano species Origanum onites and Origanum vulgare ssp. Hirtum using two different organic solvents ethanol and ethyl ...
Librán-Pérez Marta - - 2012
To assess the hypothesis that an acute dietary fatty acid (FA) supply may improve glucose tolerance in rainbow trout, we orally administered fish with fish oil (FO; 10mL.kg(-1), one time), which were then subjected to a glucose tolerance test and sampled 6h after injection. Parameters related to glucose and lipid ...
den Besten Heidy M W - - 2012
Population heterogeneity complicates the predictability of the outgrowth kinetics of individual spores. Flow cytometry sorting and monitoring of the germination and outgrowth of single dormant spores allowed the quantification of acid-induced spore population heterogeneity at pH 5.5 and in the presence of sorbic acid. This showed that germination efficiency was ...
Piergies Natalia - - 2012
Five analogues of a novel group of boron derivatives of aminophosphonic acids - N-benzylamino-(3-boronphenyl)-S-methylphosphonic acid (m-PhS), N-benzylamino-(4-boronphenyl)-S-methylphosphonic acid (p-PhS), N-benzylamino-(2-boronphenyl)-R-methylphosphonic acid (o-PhR), N-benzylamino-(3-boronphenyl)-R-methylphosphonic acid (m-PhR), and N-benzylamino-(4-boronphenyl)-R-methylphosphonic acid (p-PhR) - were studied using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR), Fourier-transform Raman (FT-RS) and surface-enhanced Raman (SERS) spectroscopies. Analysis and comparison of the wavenumbers, ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
Electrochemical impedance immunosensor, with its high sensitivity from electrochemical impedance analysis and ideal specificity from the immunoassay, is increasingly used in the detection of a kind of phenoxy acid herbicides which is 2,4-Dichlorophenoxybutyric acid (2,4-DB). In this experiment, synthetic 2,4-DB antibodies were immobilized on the electrode by the crosslinking of ...
Puthusseri Bijesh - - 2013
Foliage of Coriandrum sativum is a rich source of natural folates amenable for enhancement through salicylic acid-mediated elicitation, thereby holding a great promise for natural-mode alleviation of this vitamin (B(9)) deficiency. In the present study we report salicylic acid-mediated differential elicitation of different forms of folates - 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, 5-formyltetrahydrofolate and ...
Nehdi Imededdine Arbi - - 2013
The physicochemical properties, fatty acid, tocopherol, thermal properties, (1)H NMR, FTIR and profiles of non-conventional oil extracted from Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad seeds were evaluated and compared with conventional sunflower seed oil. In addition, the antioxidant properties of C. colocynthis seed oil were also evaluated. The oil content of the ...
Jirimali Harishchandra Digambar - - 2013
A redox active polymer, hydroquinone modified chitosan (Q-chitosan) was synthesized and characterized by IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The nanocomposite of Q-chitosan with carbon was prepared and used to construct a stable conductive film on the electrode surface. The SEM studies confirms that the Q-chitosan/C composite covers the electrode surface ...
Suk Jae-Min - - 2012
Chiral organic anions such as camphorsulfonates and cAMP give rise to the preferential formation of a one-handed helix of an indolocarbazole foldamer, thus inducing characteristic circular dichroic (CD) signals. Moreover, the on and off switching of the chiroptical signal can be operated by acid and base chemistry which efficiently controls ...
Kuzhiyil Najeeb - - 2012
Depolymerization of cellulose offers the prospect of inexpensive sugars from biomass. Breaking the glycosidic bonds of cellulose to liberate glucose has usually been pursued by acid or enzymatic hydrolysis although a purely thermal depolymerization route to sugars is also possible. Fast pyrolysis of pure cellulose yields primarily the anhydrosugar levoglucosan ...
Liu Rui-Lin - - 2012
A rapid and practical microwave-assisted one-step extraction-derivatization (MAED) method was developed for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of fatty acids profile in herbal medicine. Several critical experimental parameters for MAED, including reaction temperature, microwave power and the amount of derivatization reagent (methanol), were optimized with response surface methodology. The results showed ...
Zhang Fenfen - - 2012
A novel cysteic acid modified carbon paste electrode (cysteic acid/CPE) based on electrochemical oxidation of l-cysteine was developed to simultaneously determine ofloxacin and gatifloxacin in the presence of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS). Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) indicated that l-cysteine was oxidated to cysteic acid. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) ...
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