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Zhang Shijuan - - 2012
A new labeling reagent for fatty acids, 1-(9H-carbazol-9-yl) propan-2-yl-methanesulfonate (CPMS), has been synthesized and successfully applied to the HPLC determination of fatty acids in traditional Chinese herb Notopterygium forbesii Boiss. The reaction of CPMS with fatty acids could proceed easily and quickly in the presence of K(2)CO(3) catalyst within 30min. ...
Sádecká Jana - - 2012
Two spectrofluorimetric methods have been developed for the rapid determination of ellagic acid. The first method is based on the complex formation between ellagic acid and borax in methanol solution. The fluorescence of the complex is monitored at an emission wavelength of 456nm with excitation at 383nm. Linear calibration curve ...
Burggren Warren W - - 2012
How the determinants of hematocrit (Hct) - alterations in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and/or red blood cell concentration ([RBC]) - are influenced by acid-base balance adjustments across development in the chicken embryo is poorly understood. We hypothesized, based on oxygen transport needs of the embryos, that Hct will increase during ...
Yin Hongyu - - 2012
Ni-catalyzed ketone formation through mild reductive coupling of a diverse set of unactivated alkyl bromides and iodides with particularly aryl acid anhydrides was successfully developed using zinc as the terminal reductant. These conditions also allow direct coupling of alkyl iodides with aryl acids in the presence of Boc(2)O and MgCl(2).
Wong Zhi Xiang - - 2012
The gas-phase acidity and the pKa values of the organic acids have been attracting a lot of attention from organic and analytical chemists. The gas-phase acidity and pKa calculations for some oxocarbon acids were investigated under B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level of theory. In this study, four oxocarbon acids, CnOnH2 were selected, namely ...
Ma Yan - - 2012
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient, but also a potential toxin, which may be absorbed in excess. Relatively little is known about selenium embryotoxicity in zebrafish. In this study, we evaluated the effect of selenite exposure in zebrafish embryos. Selenite treatment decreased survival and resulted in abnormal development in a ...
Taylor-Edwards C C CC Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546, - - 2012
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) increases small intestinal mass and blood flow in ruminant calves, but its impact on nutrient metabolism across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver is unknown. Eight Holstein calves with catheters in the carotid artery, mesenteric vein, portal vein and hepatic vein were paired by age and randomly ...
Hemmings Karen E - - 2012
Amino acid profiling has been used to distinguish between human embryos of differing developmental competence. We sought to determine whether amino acid profiling could be used to distinguish between metaphase II (MII) bovine oocytes with different developmental capabilities in vitro. Amino acid turnover was assayed during the final 6 h ...
Sun Zhankui - - 2012
Catalytic enantioselective and diastereoselective spiroketalizations with BINOL-derived chiral phosphoric acids are reported. The chiral catalyst can override the inherent preference for the formation of thermodynamic spiroketals, and highly selective formation of non-thermodynamic spiroketals could be achieved under the reaction conditions.
Ponter A A - - 2012
Dietary fat supplementation can improve oocyte quality in ruminants. The influence of the type of dietary fat on the number and quality of oocytes collected by ovum pick-up and on the production of embryos in vitro was investigated in Holstein heifers. Heifers were given hay plus one of two dietary ...
Ye Nenghui - - 2012
The antagonism between abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellin (GA) plays a key role in controlling seed germination, but the mechanism of antagonism during this process is not known. In the associated study, we investigated the relationship among ABA, reactive oxygen species (ROS), ascorbic acid (ASC) and GA during rice seed ...
Chaikham Pittaya - - 2012
Physical and biochemical properties of pressurised and pasteurised longan juices with various xanthan additions, such as viscoelastic behaviour, colour L (lightness), -a(∗) (greenness), b(∗) (yellowness), ΔE (total different colours) and BI (Browning Index) parameters, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity, ascorbic acid, gallic acid, ellagic acid, total phenols and antioxidant capacity (DPPH ...
Ejaz A Ahsan - - 2012
Epidemiological, experimental and clinical studies support a role for uric acid in acute kidney injury (AKI). We discuss how the conventional role of uric acid in AKI has now evolved from intratubular crystal deposition to pro-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and immunological function. Data from recent studies are presented to support the hypothesis ...
Yang Guangming G Department of Resources and Environment, Baoshan University, Baoshan 678000, PR - - 2012
Gold nanotube arrays of rough and porous wall has been synthesized by direct electrodeposition with cyclic voltammetry utilizing anodic aluminum oxide template (AAO) and polycarbonate membrane (PC) during short time (only 3min and 2min, respectively). The mechanism of the direct electrodeposition of gold nanotube arrays by cyclic voltammetry (CV) has ...
Vrablik Tracy L - - 2012
Animals synthesize a vast range of fatty acids serving diverse cellular functions. The roles of specific fatty acids in early development are just beginning to be characterized. In the March 15, 2012, issue of Genes & Development, Kniazeva and colleagues (pp. 554-566) describe how the particular combination of a branched ...
Ren Qiangqiang - - 2012
Large quantities of NO(x) and N(2)O emissions can be produced from biomass burning. Understanding nitrogen behavior during biomass pyrolysis is crucial. Nitrogen in biomass is mainly in forms of proteins (amino acids). Phenylalanine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid were used as the model compounds for the nitrogen in biomass. Release ...
Morris Brandon E L - - 2012
Carbon flow in a model methanogenic consortium capable of hydrocarbon degradation was investigated using a combination of stable isotope fractionation, protein-based stable isotope probing, and metaproteomics. Overall δ(13) C enrichment for methane and CO2 in the presence and absence of oil suggests that complex microbial interactions occur during methanogenic hydrocarbon ...
Maurer Natalie E - - 2012
Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3's), whether from fish oils, flax or supplements, can protect against cardiovascular disease. Finding plant-based sources of the essential ω-3's could provide a sustainable, renewable and inexpensive source of ω-3's, compared to fish oils. Our objective was to develop a rapid test to characterize and ...
Pavlović Mirjana D - - 2012
The antioxidant effect of ascorbic acid and EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) in food emulsions, based on whey and sunflower oils with enhanced oleic acid, α- and β- tocopherol content, was not described up to now. Salad dressings based on cold-pressed high-oleic/α-, β- tocopherol sunflower oil were oxidatively stable after 3 months ...
Xu Wenbing - - 2012
The present study was carried out to examine the effect of valproic acid (VPA), an important histone deacetylase inhibitor, on the in vitro development and expression of the epigenetic marker histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9ac) in bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. We found that treatment with 4 mM ...
Cho Kyoung-Won - - 2012
Retinoic acid receptors (RARs), which are involved in retinoic acid signal transduction, are essential for maintaining the differentiated state of epithelial tissues. Mammary glands are skin appendages whose development is initiated through continuous cell-cell interactions between the ectoderm and the adjacent mesenchyme. Considerable progress has been made in elucidating the ...
Okano Junko - - 2012
The process by which the periderm transitions to stratified epidermis with the establishment of the skin barrier is unknown. Understanding the cellular and molecular processes involved is crucial for the treatment of human pathologies, where abnormal skin development and barrier dysfunction are associated with hypothermia and perinatal dehydration. For the ...
Arya Bikas K - - 2012
There is no clear acceptance of specific follicular fluid biomarker and its correlation with oocyte quality or related embryo variable till now. Most of the studies analyze correlation between certain biomolecules and the oocyte quality using single variable, instead of multivariate analysis algorithms. Our hypothesis is not based on single ...
Koyama H - - 2012
The development of mammalian pre-implantation embryos is inhibited by heat stress, and the inhibitory effect is associated with excess reactive oxygen species (ROS). Folate is a nutrient with various physiological functions including antioxidative effects. We first investigated the transcript expression for 10 enzymes in the cycle of folate metabolism (folate-methionine ...
Paar Margret - - 2012
Synthesis, storage, and turnover of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in adipocytes are critical cellular processes to maintain lipid and energy homeostasis in mammals. TAGs are stored in metabolically highly dynamic lipid droplets (LDs), which are believed to undergo fragmentation and fusion under lipolytic and lipogenic conditions, respectively. Time lapse fluorescence microscopy showed ...
Surjadinata Bernadeth B - - 2012
Biosynthesis of phenolic antioxidants in three carrots cultivars (Navajo, Legend and Choctaw) were studied under different wounding intensities (A/W) during storage. Generated A/W of 4.2, 6.0 and 23.5cm(2)/g, corresponded to slices, pies, and shreds, respectively. Soluble phenolics, antioxidant capacity (AOX), and PAL activity increased with A/W for all cultivars. Intense ...
Mirtallo Jay M - - 2012
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a complex prescription consisting of many components such as dextrose, amino acids, electrolytes, vitamins, trace elements, and/or intravenous fat emulsions. The ordering process is inconsistent and has led to PN errors. PN prescriptions require knowledge, education for prescribers, and standardized processes. (JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. ...
Mostafa Yasser S - - 2012
Date syrup as an economical source of carbohydrates and immobilized Aspergillus niger J4, which was entrapped in calcium alginate pellets, were employed for enhancing the production of citric acid. Maximum production was achieved by pre-treating date syrup with 1.5% tricalcium phosphate to remove heavy metals. The production of citric acid ...
Zhang H J - - 2012
Fatty acid biosynthesis is essential for bacterial survival. In recent years, components of this biosynthetic pathway have aroused wide concern. β-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (FabH) is a particularly attractive target which catalyzes the initial step of fatty acid biosynthesis. In this review, fatty acid biosynthesis, recent advances in the ...
Totani Nagao - - 2012
We reported previously that in oils used for frying by commercial establishments, a high correlation was observed among their Gardner colors, polar compound contents (PC), carbonyl values (CV) and acid values (AV). However, this was not true for frying oils used in hospitals. In the present study, oils that had ...
Li Xican - - 2012
Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala (AM) has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for about 2,000 years. In the study, we firstly determined the antioxidant levels of five AM extracts by &#8226;OH-scavenging, &#8226;O(2)&#8722;-scavenging, Fe2+-chelating, Cu2+-chelating, DPPH&#183;-scavenging, and ABTS+&#183;-scavenging assays. After measurement of the chemical contents in five AM extracts, we quantitatively ...
Jiang Yu - - 2012
DNA circuits have proven to be useful amplifiers for diagnostic applications, in part because of their modularity and programmability. In order to determine whether different circuits could be modularly stacked, we used a catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) circuit to initiate a hybridization chain reaction (HCR) circuit. In response to an ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
A polyaniline (PAN) network structure was fabricated on a poly(o-aminophenol) (POAP) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by using a three-step electrochemical deposition procedure, and applied to the electro-catalytic oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) have ...
Zheng Yanning - - 2012
Thioesterases remove the fatty acyl moiety from the fatty acyl-acyl carrier proteins (ACPs), releasing them as free fatty acids (FFAs), which can be further used to produce a variety of fatty acid-based biofuels, such as biodiesel, fatty alcohols and alkanes. Thioesterases play a key role in the regulation of ...
Houghton Franchesca D - - 2012
Amino acids are beneficial for the developing preimplantation embryo and therefore form an important component of culture media. This chapter will critically review the importance of amino acids for preimplantation embryos and the impact of this research for the development of sequential culture media used in many assisted conception units. ...
Sarpong Kwabena - - 2012
The binding affinity and specificity of nucleic acid aptamers have made them valuable candidates for use as sensors in diagnostic applications. In particular, chromophore-functionalized aptamers offer a relatively simple format for detection and quantification of target molecules. We describe the use of nucleic-acid-staining reagents as an effective tool for detecting ...
Li Chuangjun - - 2012
A new ursane-type nortriterpenoid, (11S,12S)-4-methyl-11,12-epoxy-2-hydroxy-3-oxoursa-1,4-dine-28-oic acid &#947;-lactone (1), named ulmoidol A, together with ten known compounds: ulmoidol (2), corosolic acid (3), 2&#945;,3&#945;-dihydroxy-24-nor-4(23),12-oleanadien-28-oic acid (4), oleanolic acid (5), ursolic acid (6), cycloart-3&#946;, 25-diol (7), foliasalacioside B1 (8), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one-9-O-&#945;-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1&#8594;6)-&#946;-D-glucopyranoside (9), (6R,7E,9R)-9-hydroxy-4,7-megastigma-dien-3-one-9-O-&#946;-D-xylopyranosyl-(1&#8594;6)-&#946;-D-glucopyranoside (10), and quercetin 3-O-sambubioside (11) were isolated from the leaves of ...
Absalan Ghodratollah - - 2012
An optode was designed for an indirect determination of ascorbic acid by using neocuproine, which has been coated on transparent triacetylcellulose film as a membrane. The proposed method is based on the oxidation of ascorbic acid to dehydroascorbic acid with the Cu(II) and neocuproine reagent. The increase in the absorbance ...
Hu Xiaoqing - - 2012
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine is an important bioactive sulfur-containing amino acid. Large scale preparation of the amino acid is of great significance. S-Adenosyl-L-methionine can be synthesized from L-methionine and adenosine triphosphate in a reaction catalyzed by methionine adenosyltransferase. In order to enhance S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis by industrial microbial strains, various strategies have been employed ...
Wang Zhi-Li - - 2012
A highly efficient hydrogen generation from formic acid/sodium formate aqueous solution catalyzed by in situ synthesized Pd/C with citric acid has been successfully achieved at room temperature. Interestingly, the presence of citric acid during the formation and growth of the Pd nanoparticles on carbon can drastically enhance the catalytic property ...
Bu Lingxi - - 2012
Corn cob residue (CCR) is a kind of waste lignocellulosic material with enormous potential for bioethanol production. The moderated sulphite processes were used to enhance the hydrophily of the material by sulfonation and hydrolysis. The composition, FT-IR spectra, and conductometric titrations of the pretreated materials were measured to characterize ...
Ruhal A - - 2012
An amperometric malic acid biosensor was developed by immobilizing malate dehydrogenase on multi&mdash;walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) coated on screen printed carbon electrode. The screen printed carbon electrode is made up of three electrodes viz., carbon as working, platinum as counter and silver as reference electrode. Detection of L&mdash;malic acid concentration ...
de Camargo Adriano Costa - - 2012
Peanut samples were irradiated (0.0, 5.2, 7.2 or 10.0 kGy), stored for a year (room temperature) and examined every three months. Mycotoxic fungi (MF) were detected in non-irradiated blanched peanuts. A dose of 5.2 kGy was found suitable to prevent MF growth in blanched samples. No MF was detected in ...
Sun Yirong - - 2012
Besides amino acid decarboxylation, the ADP biosynthetic pathway was reported to enhance survival under extremely acidic conditions in Escherichia coli (Sun et al., J. Bacteriol. 193∶ 3072-3077, 2011). E. coli has two pathways for ATP synthesis from ADP: glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. We found in this study that the deletion ...
Islam Asiful - - 2012
There is no available information on physicochemical and antioxidant properties on Bangladeshi honey. We investigated five different monofloral and three different multifloral honey samples collected from different parts of Bangladesh. The levels of phenolics, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant content (AEAC), proline, protein and antioxidants were determined in ...
Gumel Ahmad Mohammed - - 2012
The biosynthesis and characterization of medium chain length poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHA) produced by Pseudomonas putida Bet001 isolated from palm oil mill effluent was studied. The biosynthesis of mcl-PHA in this newly isolated microorganism follows a growth-associated trend. Mcl-PHA accumulation ranging from 49.7 to 68.9% on cell dry weight (CDW) basis were ...
Zhu Li-Wen - - 2012
As a potential intermediary feedstock, succinic acid takes an important place in bulk chemical productions. For the first time, a method combining Plackett-Burman design (PBD), steepest ascent method (SA), and Box-Behnken design (BBD) was developed to optimize Actinobacillus succinogenes ATCC 55618 fermentation medium. First, glucose, yeast extract, and MgCO(3) were ...
Nieminen T T - - 2012
Marination with marinade containing salt, sugar, and acetic acid is commonly used in Finland to enhance the value of raw broiler meat. In this study, we investigated the effect of marination, marinade components and storage time on composition of bacterial communities in modified atmosphere-packaged (MAP) broiler fillet strips. The communities ...
Ngangkham Momocha - - 2012
The genus Chlorella is a widely employed microalga for biodiesel, as it can be grown using photo/mixo/heterotrophic mode of cultivation. The present investigation was undertaken with the hypothesis that addition of different substrates (amino acids, carbon sources, vitamins) along with reducing agents may aid in diverting Acetyl CoA to malonyl ...
Ronda Srinivasa Reddy - - 2012
The influence of aeration on algal growth and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) production in a bubble column photobioreactor was investigated. Studies were performed in a 20-L reactor at different aeration rates (0.2- 2.5 vvm). Static, continuous, and periodic operation of air resulted in 41.9%, 88.4%, and 108% air saturation of dissolved ...
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