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Arman Hadi D HD Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249-0698, - - 2013
The asymmetric unit of the title co-crystal, C10H6O8·2C8H10N4O2, comprises a centrosymmetric benzene-1,2,4,5-tetra-carb-oxy-lic acid (LH4) mol-ecule and a mol-ecule of caffeine in a general position. LH4 is nonplanar, with the dihedral angles between the ring and pendent carb-oxy-lic acid groups being 44.22 (7) and 49.74 (7)°. By contrast, the caffeine mol-ecule is planar ...
Queiroz Daher Antonio DA Professor, Department of Dentistry, University of Vila Velha, Vila Velha, Espírito Santo, - - 2013
Dental impressions disinfection is important to reduce the risk of cross contamination but this process may produce dimensional distortions. Peracetic acid is a disinfectant agent with several favorable characteristics yet underutilized in Dentistry. The aim of this paper is to compare the dimensional stability of casts obtained from addition silicone ...
Zhang Rui - - 2012
Purification of nucleic acids from low quantity of bacterial cells in minute volume is im- portant in many clinical and biological applications. We developed a novel microfluidic liquid phase nucleic acid purification chip to selectively isolate DNA or RNA from bacterial cell in the range of 5000 down to a ...
Weimer P J - - 2012
Megasphaera elsdenii T81 grew on either DL-lactate or D-glucose at similar rates (0.85 h(-1)) but displayed major differences in the fermentation of these substrates. Lactate was fermented at up to 210-mM concentration to yield acetic, propionic, butyric, and valeric acids. The bacterium was able to grow at much higher concentrations of ...
Nuin Edurne - - 2012
New photoactive dyads have been synthesized by derivatization of cholic acid (CA) or cholesterol (Ch). These compounds have proven to be efficient tools to monitor incorporation of CA and Ch to mixed micelles (MM) and to probe the microenvironment experienced inside these entities. The outstanding capability of MM to solubilize ...
El-Sheekh Mostafa - - 2012
Nowadays, microalgae are discussed as a promising feedstock for biodiesel production. The present study examines the possibility of enhancement of fatty acid productivity of Scenedesmus obliquus by modifications of the culture medium composition. The effect of different concentrations of sodium bicarbonate, salinity, potassium nitrate, glycerol and sugarcane molasses on the ...
Zhang Ning - - 2012
Physical modification of polysaccharides exerted better biological properties because of the change of physicochemical properties. Polysaccharides from Inonotus obliquus (IOPS) were modified by acid, alkali hydrolysis, thermal and ultrasonic treatment in this study. The physicochemical and antioxidant properties of IOPS and its physical modified products were comparatively investigated by chemical ...
Yamaguchi Masaru - - 2012
Arterial cord blood (CB) acid-base status and gas values, such as pH, PCO(2), PO(2), HCO(3)(-) and base excess, provide useful information on the fetal and neonatal condition. However, it remains unknown whether these values affect the radiosensitivity of fetal/neonatal hematopoiesis. The present study evaluated the relationship between arterial CB acid-base ...
Yang Dan - - 2013
The desired mix of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)-enriched structured lipid (SL) and physically blended lipid (PB) was prepared from grape seed oil and perilla oil at a weight ratio of 3:1. The major triacylglycerol species (LnLnL) in PB was drastically increased after interesterification (SL), from 0.5% to 16.8%. After the reaction, ...
Shin Jung-Ah - - 2013
Modified butterfats (MBFs) were produced by lipase-catalyzed interesterification with 2 substrate blends (6:6:8 and 4:6:10, by weight) of anhydrous butterfat (ABF), palm stearin, and flaxseed oil in a stirred-batch type reactor after short path distillation. The 6:6:8 and 4:6:10 MBF contained 21.7% and 26.5%α-linolenic acid, respectively. Total saturated fatty acids ...
Prasad Laxmi N - - 2012
  This study examined the influence of galactooligosaccharides (GOS) and modified waxy maize starch (MWMS) addition on the growth of starter cultures, and syneresis and firmness of low-fat yogurt during storage for 28 d at 4 °C. The control yogurt (CY) was prepared without any prebiotics. Incorporation of 2.0% (w/v) ...
Syngiridis Kostas - - 2012
The production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in a continuous process using a synthetic glucose medium as model substrate in the presence of γ-alumina as promoter is described. The results showed formation of acetic, propionic, isobutyric, butyric, isovaleric and valeric acids, with acetic acid being more than 90% of the ...
Yan Yunjun - - 2012
An immobilization strategy was employed to improve activity and operational stability of Yarrowia lipolytica lipase LIP2 (YlLIP2) by using macroporous resins as carrier. D152H, a cation-exchange resin, was the best support. Under the optimized conditions, the immobilization efficiency was 89.81% and the specific activity was 809,751U/g, being 2.1-fold higher than ...
Lee Yoosung - - 2013
Chlorophyll photosensitized oxidation of W/O emulsion consisting of oils with different fatty acid composition was studied and β-carotene effects on the singlet oxygen oxidation affected by phosphatidylcholine were evaluated by determining peroxide value (PV) and conjugated dienoic acid (CDA) contents. An emulsion was composed of purified oil (sunflower, soybean, canola, ...
Zhu Saijie S The University of Texas at Austin, College of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutics Division, Austin, TX 78712, United - - 2013
Chemoresistance is a major issue for most gemcitabine-related chemotherapies. The overexpression of ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1) plays a key role in gemcitabine resistance. In this study, we synthesized a new highly acid-sensitive amphiphilic micelle material by conjugating hydrophilic polyethylene glycol with a hydrophobic stearic acid derivative (C18) using a ...
Michaelides Adonis - - 2012
Three 2D and 3D photoreactive MOFs of trans,trans-muconic acid with Er(3+) and their corresponding isomorphous Y(3+) phases were synthesized and their photoreactivity was studied as a function of the crystal environment.
Roach Jim D - - 2012
Haloacetic acids, formed in drinking water during disinfection by chlorination, pose significant risks to human health. Semiequilibrium dialysis and ultrafiltration experiments were used to examine the partitioning of the five regulated haloacetic acids (HAA(5)) viz. chloro-, dichloro-, trichloro-, bromo-, and dibromoacetic acids into cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) micelles across a range ...
Xi Zhi-Guo - - 2012
We described herein a viable binary acid strategy for the catalytic Nazarov reaction of aryl vinyl ketones. Simply combining a Lewis acid and a Bronsted acid led to a dramatic enhancement of the catalytic activity in the Nazarov reaction of aryl vinyl beta-ketoesters. The obtained optimal binary acid catalyst In(OTf)3/diphenyl ...
Xue Pengchong - - 2012
A glutamide gelator, 1, was synthesized, and a weak emission enhancement was observed during its gelation. In addition, 1 could be an excellent scaffold for successfully embedding an energy acceptor, 2, into its aggregate to obtain highly efficient energy transfer. An amplification of the emission enhancement was observed in the ...
Lim Hyungsuk - - 2012
Efficient delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is one of major challenges in the successful applications of siRNA in clinic. In the present study, we report a new acid-degradable poly(ketal amidoamine) (PKAA) as a siRNA carrier, which has high delivery efficiency and low cytotoxicity. PKAA was designed to have acid-cleavable ...
Xiao Qing - - 2013
A method has been developed to improve the performance of alternating-current electrolyte atmospheric liquid discharge (ac-EALD) optical emission spectrometry for the determination of elements. Significant enhancement of emission intensity was achieved by adding organic substance into the nitric acid electrolyte solutions. Under the optimized conditions, 3% (v/v) formic acid in ...
Magnusson Martin M Department of Cardiology, Skåne University Hospital, Entrance 35, Floor 2, SE 205 02 Malmö, Sweden. - - 2013
We recently identified a metabolic signature of three amino acids (tyrosine, phenylalanine, and isoleucine) that strongly predicts diabetes development. As novel modifiable targets for intervention are needed to meet the expected increase of cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused by the diabetes epidemic, we investigated whether this diabetes-predictive amino acid score (DM-AA ...
Lata Suman - - 2012
A method is described for construction of a highly sensitive amperometric L-amino acid biosensor based on covalent immobilization of goat kidney L- amino acid oxidase (LAAO) onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes/nickel hexacyanoferrate/polypyrrole hybrid film electrodeposited on surface of glassy carbon electrode. The biosensor showed optimum response within 5 s at ...
Mishra K K - - 2013
Total phenolics, radical scavenging activity (RSA) on DPPH, ascorbic acid content and chelating activity on Fe(2+) of Pleurotus citrinopileatus, Pleurotus djamor, Pleurotus eryngii, Pleurotus flabellatus, Pleurotus florida, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus sajor-caju and Hypsizygus ulmarius have been evaluated. The assayed mushrooms contained 3.94-21.67mg TAE of phenolics, 13.63-69.67% DPPH scavenging activity, 3.76-6.76mg ...
Madeira Pedro P - - 2012
Partition ratios of 10 l-amino acids with non-polar side chains (Gly, Ala, Val, nor-Val, Ile, Leu, nor-Leu, Phe, Trp and Pro) were measured in ten different polymer/polymer aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS) containing 0.15M NaCl in 0.01M phosphate buffer, pH 7.4. The solute-specific coefficients representing the solute dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonding and ...
Atar Aslı Inci - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: A link between uric acid levels and cardiovascular diseases has been previously reported. Coronary artery calcium score (CACS) is a marker of atherosclerotic disease and a predictor of cardiovascular events. We sought to determine if serum uric acid level is an independent risk factor for the presence of calcium ...
Coral Natasha - - 2012
Production of alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, from transesterification of vegetable oil driven by heterogeneous catalysts is a promising alternative to fossil diesel. However, achieving a successful substitution for a new renewable fuel depends on several quality parameters. (1) H NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the amount of methyl ...
Wada Mitsuhiro - - 2012
An HPLC-fluorescence (FL) method for determination of sulfur-containing amino acids such as homocysteine (Hcy), methionine (Met) and cysteine (Cys) in human plasma was developed. The sulfur-containing amino acids were labeled with 4-(N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-7-fluoro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (DBD-F). Calibration curves in the range of 1-100 µm (Hcy and Met) and 5-500 µm (Cys) indicated good linearities (r ≥ 0.998). ...
Kim Tae Soo - - 2013
The degree of highly oxidised lipids was determined by a modified method using profile changes of fatty acids in lard and soybean oil heated at 180°C. The usefulness of the modified method was compared through conjugated dienoic acid (CDA) and/or p-anisidine value (p-AV) methods. Absolute values, which were expressed as ...
Wabaidur Saikh Mohammad - - 2012
A flow injection (FI) method is reported for the determination of folic acid by chemiluminescence method. This method is based on the reaction of folic acid with Ru(bipy)(3)(2+) and Ce(IV) to produce chemiluminescence. The calibration curve was linear over the range of 2.5×10(-5)-3.1×10(-7)mol/L with a detection limit of 2.3×10(-8)mol/L (S/N=3). ...
Dasgupta Amitava - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Mycophenolic acid requires routine therapeutic drug monitoring. We evaluated suitability of a new PETINIA (particle enhanced turbidimetric inhibition immunoassay) assay on the Dimension EXL analyzer for monitoring of mycophenolic acid by comparing values obtained by this assay with a HPLC-UV method. DESIGN AND METHODS: Mycophenolic acid concentrations determined in ...
Sumino Megumi - - 2012
Hangekobokuto (banxia-houpo-tang) is a Kampo (traditional Japanese) medicine used mostly for anxiety disorder and consists of Pinellia Tuber, Poria Sclerotium, Magnolia Bark, Perilla Herb and Ginger. Perilla Herb contains an essential oil rich in perillaldehyde, which has a pleasant flavor, but this is easily lost due to heating. We therefore ...
Sedaghat Naser - - 2012
Hydrocolloid-based materials have been extensively used to coat fruit and vegetables to prolong shelf-life. The effects of different concentrations of acidic washing (acetic, ascorbic, citric and malic acids) followed by coating with gum arabic (GA), carboxymethyl cellulose and emulsified gum arabic (EGA) were evaluated on the weight loss (WL), firmness ...
Bizjak Jan - - 2012
In this study, changes in quality and various biochemical parameters of 'Idared' apples during prolonged shelf life period after ultra-low oxygen (ULO) storage were investigated. Additionally, the impact of the postharvest application of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on different parameters was evaluated. After the harvest, apples were stored in the ULO storage ...
Elshaer Amr - - 2012
The generally accepted paradigm of "inert" and "mono functional" excipient in dosage form has been recently challenged with the development of individual excipients capable of exhibiting multiple functions (eg: binder-disintegrants, surfactant which affect P-gp function). The proposed study has been designed within the realm of multi functionality and is the ...
Sgherri Cristina - - 2012
The antioxidative response of grapevine leaves (Vitis vinifera cv. Trebbiano) affected by the presence of grapevine fanleaf virus was studied during the summer of 2010 at three different harvest times (July 1st and 26th, and August 30th). At the first and second harvest, infected leaves showed increases in the concentration ...
Atcher Joan - - 2012
The increase of the ionic strength amplifies the species bearing acidic side chains from a bio-inspired dynamic combinatorial library of macrocyclic pseudopeptides, in close resemblance to the evolution observed for the proteins of halophilic microorganisms.
Xiao Yunna - - 2012
Two novel lanthanide complex-based luminescent probes, ANMTTA-Eu3+ and ANMTTA-Tb3+ {ANMTTA: [4'-(4-amino-3-nitrophenoxy)methylene-2,2':6',2"-terpyridine-6,6"-diyl] bis(methylenenitrilo) tetrakis(acetic acid)}, have been designed and synthesized for the highly sensitive and selective time-gated luminescence detection of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in aqueous media. The probes are almost non-luminescent due to the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) process from the ...
Curtin Vincent - - 2012
The co-processing of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) with an excipient which has a high glass transition temperature (Tg) is a recognised strategy to stabilise the amorphous form of a drug. This work investigates whether co-processing a model API, sulfadimidine (SDM) with a series of low Tg excipients prevents or reduces ...
Escobar Juan David - - 2013
Recently, electronic tongues (ET) have appeared as an excellent alternative to traditional techniques for the evaluation of food quality and processes. ET systems are based on arrays of low selectivity sensors that are simultaneously sensitive to several components in a measured sample (cross-sensitivity). The aim of this study was to ...
Wang Yan - - 2012
The integration of oleaginous microalgae cultivation with high-value products is considered a low-cost approach for manufacturing algae-based biodiesel. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of using Fe(II) to produce fatty acids and astaxanthin in mixotrophic Chromochloris zofingiensis. Fatty acid biosynthesis was less sensitive than astaxanthin formation ...
Zhang Wen - - 2012
Complete sample digestion is prerequisite for achieving reproducible and accurate analytical results for geological samples. Open vessel acid digestions successfully dissolve mafic samples, but this method cannot achieve complete dissolution of felsic samples due to the presence of refractory minerals such as zircon. In this study, an efficient and simplified ...
Scholz Franziska - - 2012
The room-temperature ionic liquid (RT-IL) [C(CH(3) )(3) ](+)  [Al(2) Br(7) ](-) (m.p. 2 °C) was generated by bromide abstraction from tert-butyl bromide with the Lewis acid aluminum bromide in the absence of solvent. The crystal structure of the tert-butyl cation salt was determined by X-ray diffraction. NMR, IR, and Raman spectroscopy, ...
Xi Zhu-Mei - - 2012
Yan73 is a 'teinturier' red wine variety cultivated in China and widely used in winemaking to strengthen red wine colour. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) applied to the grapevine cluster on the antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of the wine ...
Junqueira João R C - - 2013
A simple and fast electrochemical method for quantitative analysis of picric acid explosive (nitro-explosive) based on its electrochemical reduction at copper surfaces is reported. To achieve a higher sample throughput, the electrochemical sensor was adapted in a flow injection system. Under optimal experimental conditions, the peak current response increases linearly ...
Agatonovic-Kustrin S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Echinacea preparations are among the most popular herbal remedies worldwide. Although it is generally assigned immune enhancement activities, the effectiveness of Echinacea is highly dependent on the Echinacea species, part of the plant used, the age of the plant, its location and the method of extraction. OBJECTIVE: The aim ...
Plessas Stavros - - 2012
  The natural mixed culture kefir was immobilized on boiled corn grains to produce an efficient biocatalyst for lactic acid fermentation with direct applications in food production, such as sourdough bread making. The immobilized biocatalyst was initially evaluated for its efficiency for lactic acid production by fermentation of cheese whey ...
McPherson Peter A C - - 2012
Nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) is a common component of sunscreen preparations and cosmetics as it reflects UV and visible light in accordance to Rayleigh's law. However, in aqueous environments, TiO(2) is an efficient photocatalyst, producing superoxide (O(2)(-•)) and hydroxyl (HO(•)) radicals, which are highly damaging to biomolecules. We investigated the ...
Shen Dazhong - - 2013
The impedance of a capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector (C(4)D) in capillary electrophoresis (CE) was measured by an impedance analysis method. The influence of solution conductivity and capillary dimension on impedance parameters was investigated. Under the experimental conditions used, 86-99.9% of the total impedance of a C(4)D is composed by ...
Rastegarzadeh S - - 2013
A novel optical method for the determination of thiram has been developed using surface plasmon resonance peak of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The stable and dispersed AuNPs were directly synthesized by reduction of HAuCl4 with ascorbic acid in micellar media according to a simple approach. The presence of thiram during formation ...
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