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Cao Feng - - 2013
In our previous studies, ethylene glycol-linked amino acid diester prodrugs of Oleanolic Acid (OA), a Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) Class Ⅳ drug, designed to target peptide transporter 1 (PepT1) have been synthesized and evaluated. Unlike ethylene glycol, propylene glycol is of very low toxicity in vivo. In this study, propylene ...
Labroo Pratima - - 2013
We present an electrical biosensing of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) based on a peroxidase-immobilized graphene sensor on a microfluidic paper. The sensor shows a sensitive detection range from 0.5 to 20 μM and a total measuring time of 2 min with a simple fabrication procedure.
Lewis Susannah S SS Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309-0345, - - 2013
We have previously observed that the non-opioid morphine metabolite, morphine-3-glucuronide, enhances pain via a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) dependent mechanism. The present studies were undertaken to determine whether TLR4-dependent pain enhancement generalizes to other classes of glucuronide metabolites. In silico modeling predicted that glucuronic acid alone and ethyl glucuronide, a ...
Jingyan Shi - - 2013
The thermal behavior of dry solid ascorbic acid in nitrogen atmosphere in the temperature range of 25-800°C was investigated by TG-FTIR. During the thermal decomposition process, five evolved gaseous species, including H(2)O, CO(2), CO, CH(4) and HCOOH, were identified and monitored, in which HCOOH was detected for the first time. ...
Ghasemi Ebrahim - - 2013
In this study, changes in the chemical composition, pH, cell wall and degradability of ensiled rice straw were investigated when treated with alkali, acid, oxidant agents (1-11 %, w/w) and a combination of an oxidant with either an alkali (ALHP) or an acid (ACHP). The findings of the study revealed that ...
Wang Zhihua - - 2013
In this work, a universal chemiluminescence (CL) flow-through device suitable for various CL resonance energy transfer (CRET) systems has been successfully fabricated. Highly efficient CRET in solid-state photoactive organic molecules can be achieved by assembling them on the surface of layered double hydroxides (LDHs). We attribute these observations to the ...
Li Weiping - - 2013
Dual-signal amplification strategy for ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) multiplexed immunoassay on microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μ-PADs) was demonstrated. This dual-signal amplification technique was achieved by employing graphene oxide-chitosan/gold nanoparticles (GCA) immunosensing platform and [4,4'-(2,5-dimethoxy-1,4-phenylene)bis(ethyne-2,1-diyl) dibenzoic acid] (P-acid) functionalized nanoporous silver (P-acid/NPS) signal amplification label. For further low-cost and disposable applications, battery-triggered ...
Musharraf Syed Ghulam - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Glycyrrhetic acid, a pentacyclic triterpenoid, possesses a broad range of pharmacological activities and serves as template to synthesize many bioactive drugs. This paper describes a simple, accurate, and sensitive stability-indicating TLC densitometric method for the determination of glycyrrhetic acid and its degradation product as per the ICH guidelines. ...
Galván Ismael - - 2013
Abstract Higher vertebrates synthesize two forms of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin. While the adaptive functions of eumelanin are diverse, those of pheomelanin, which is phototoxic and whose production consumes a key intracellular antioxidant (glutathione), are not clear apart from being involved in color patterns that confer concealment. The factors that ...
Zeng Huahui - - 2013
[(99m)Tc(CO)(3)](+)-6-[N-(2-dipicolyl)amino]hexanoic acid () and [(99m)Tc(CO)(3)](+)-11-[N-(2-dipicolyl)amino]undecanoic acid () were prepared by incorporating [(99m)Tc-(CO)(3)](+) into 6-[N-(2-dipicolyl)amino]hexanoic acid and 11-[N-(2-dipicolyl)amino]undecanoic acid, respectively. The overall radiochemical yield of and was from 79.7% to 91.3% and radiochemical purity after HPLC purification was more than 94%. The resulting complexes were found to be chemically stable when ...
Yang Zhiyong - - 2013
Aryl ketones were synthesized via Pd-catalyzed decarboxylative coupling between O-methyl oximes and phenylglyoxylic acids using (NH(4))(2)S(2)O(8) as the oxidant.
Pandey Lila B - - 2013
Interaction of lactic acid with various sizes of magnesium oxide clusters (MgO)(x) (x = 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 15, 16, 18) is investigated. Density functional theory with the PBE functional and a polarized double-ζ basis set is employed to optimize the structures. For MgO dimer, optimizations are also ...
Su Chean-Cheng - - 2013
The oppositely oriented lamellae in ridge and valley bands of ring-banded spherulites in biodegradable poly(3-hydroxybutyric acid-co-3-hydroxyvaleric acid) (PHBV) interacting with amorphous poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) were examined using polarized-light optical, scanning electron, and atomic-force microscopy techniques (POM, SEM, AFM). Solvent-etching and fracturing were utilized for probing the interior morphology of the ...
Zhang Guo-Qing - - 2013
A monomeric acid phosphatase (ACP) with a molecular mass of 72.5 kDa was purified from fresh fruiting bodies of cultured Schizophyllum commune mushroom. The isolation procedure entailed ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, CM-cellulose, and Q-sepharose, and gel filtration by fast protein liquid chromatography on Superdex 75. It demonstrated a unique N-terminal ...
Davidovic Sonja - - 2013
Physicochemical, sensory and health related characteristics of peach wine produced from Redhaven variety and selected white wines produced from various grape varieties were determined and compared. The alcohol content, titratable acidity and total extract of peach wine was significantly lower compared with white wines, while its pH value was higher. ...
Tóth L - - 2013
Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) suppresses the generation of prostaglandin H2, which is the precursor of thromboxane A2. Aspirin acts as an acetylating agent in which its acetyl group is covalently attached to a serine residue (S530) in the active site of the cyclooxygenase-1 enzyme. The exact reaction mechanism has not been ...
Mó Otilia - - 2013
The structure and electronic properties of the complexes formed by the interaction of imidazole and pyrazole with different BeXH(BeX(2)) (X = H, Me, F, Cl) derivatives have been investigated via B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p)//B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p) calculations. The formation of these azole:BeXH(BeX(2)) complexes is accompanied by a dramatic enhancement of the intrinsic acidity of the ...
Hsu Hung-Te - - 2013
A novel technology of photoelectrocatalysis (PEC) combining with cationic exchange membrane (CEM) was proposed for simultaneous reduction of chromium(VI) and oxidization of EDTA. The application of CEM was used to enhance the efficiency for prevention of the re-oxidation of reduced chromium with the electron-hole pairs. In this study, effects of ...
Roder Friedrich - - 2013
We have established an approach for the spatial control of lipid phase separation in tethered polymer-supported membranes (PSM), which were obtained by vesicle fusion on a PEG polymer brush functionalized with fatty acid moieties. Phase separation of ternary lipid mixtures (DOPC/SM/cholesterol) into liquid disordered (ld) and liquid ordered (lo) phases ...
Yu Shiji - - 2013
A Ni/silicon microchannel plate (Ni/Si MCP) electrode modified with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was successfully fabricated. The analytical performance of prepared electrode for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) was investigated by using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The sensitivities for AA, DA ...
Wang Fenfen - - 2013
The catalytic dehydration of fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in DMSO was performed over Nb(2)O(5) derived from calcination of niobic acid at various temperatures (300-700°C). The catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, N(2) physical adsorption, temperature-programed desorption of NH(3), n-butylamine titration using Hammett indicators, infrared spectroscopy of adsorbed pyridine, and ...
Suzuki Yaeko - - 2013
We determined the δD values of the total fatty acids of Japanese rice to test the hypothesis that there is a wide variation in the hydrogen isotopic composition (δD) of the total fatty acids of Japanese rice sourced from different growth areas in Japan and to distinguish the minor differences ...
Esclapez M D - - 2013
The electrochemical degradation of trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) in water has been analysed through voltammetric studies with a rotating disc electrode and controlled-potential bulk electrolyses. The influence of the mass-transport conditions and initial concentration of TCAA for titanium, stainless steel and carbon electrodes has been studied. It is shown that the ...
McNamara Robert K - - 2013
Deficiency in long-chain omega-3 (LCn - 3) fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n - 3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n - 3), has been implicated in the pathoetiology of cardiovascular disease, a primary cause of excess premature mortality in patients with schizophrenia (SZ). In the present study, we determined erythrocyte ...
Teh Huey Fang - - 2013
To better understand lipid biosynthesis in oil palm mesocarp, in particular the differences in gene regulation leading to and including de novo fatty acid biosynthesis, a multi-platform metabolomics technology was used to profile mesocarp metabolites during six critical stages of fruit development in comparatively high- and low-yielding oil palm populations. ...
Khan Mahejibin - - 2013
A soil metagenomic library was constructed and two functionally diverse lipase genes, SMlipB and SMlipD, were screened by a function-driven approach and characterized. The optimal temperature for enzyme activity of SMlipB and SMlipD was 50°C and 30°C, respectively, and optimal pH was determined to be 7.0 and 9.0, respectively. Both ...
Gruczynska Eliza - - 2013
A mixture of lard and rapeseed oil (1:1, wt/wt) was interesterified using immobilized lipases from Rhizomucor miehei (Lipozyme RM IM) and Candida antarctica (Novozym 435) as catalysts. Enzymatic interesterifications were carried out at 60°C for 8 h with Lipozyme RM IM or at 80°C for 4 h with Novozym 435. ...
Pereira Vanda - - 2013
Polyphenols, antioxidant potential and color of three types of fortified Madeira wines were evaluated during the accelerated ageing, named as estufagem. The traditional estufagem process was set to 45 °C for 3 months. Overheating conditions, 1 month at 70 °C, were also examined. Total polyphenols (TP), total monomeric anthocyanins (TMA) ...
Savikin Katarina P - - 2013
Currant seeds, a by-product of juice production, are recognized as a valuable source of oil rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. We have evaluated 28 currant varieties for their oil content and fatty-acid composition. The oil content in the seeds ranged from 18.2-27.7%, and no statistical difference between varieties of different ...
Akasaka Kazuaki - - 2013
The L-ascorbic acid concentration in beverages was measured after separation by silica gel thin layer chromatography (TLC) by visually determining the time in autocatalytic reaction for the L-ascorbic acid spot to turn the same yellow color of the background and disappear (the end time of the induction period) after spraying ...
Takayanagi Toshio - - 2013
An acid dissociation constant of tetrabromophenolphthalein ethyl ester (TBPE) was determined through the measurement of electrophoretic mobility by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE). Although TBPE is degradable in acidic pH region and it gradually degraded at pH conditions around and below its pKa values in the time scale of the CZE ...
Müller Manuel M - - 2013
The contemporary proteinogenic repertoire contains 20 amino acids with diverse functional groups and side chain geometries. Primordial proteins, in contrast, were presumably constructed from a subset of these building blocks. Subsequent expansion of the proteinogenic alphabet would have enhanced their capabilities, fostering the metabolic prowess and organismal fitness of early ...
Liu Zhi-Qiang - - 2013
In this study, several nitrilase genes from phylogenetically distinct organisms were expressed and purified in E. coli in order to study their ability to mediate the biotransformation of nitriles. We identified three nitrilases: Acidovorax facilis nitrilase (AcN); Alcaligenes fecalis nitrilase (AkN); and Rhodococcus rhodochrous nitrilase (RkN), which catalyzed iminodiacetonitrile (IDAN) ...
Yamazawa Akira - - 2013
Anaerobic digestion of biomacromolecules in various microbial ecosystems is influenced by the variations in types, qualities, and quantities of chemical components. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a powerful tool for characterizing the degradation of solids to gases in anaerobic digestion processes. Here we describe a characterization strategy using NMR ...
Shukla S P - - 2013
Successful adaptation/acclimatization to low temperatures in micro-algae is usually connected with production of specific biotechnologically important compounds. In this study, we evaluated the growth characteristics in a micro-scale mass cultivation of the Antarctic soil green alga Chlorella mirabilis under different nitrogen and carbon sources followed by analyses of fatty acid ...
Steen Andrew D - - 2013
The ratios of d- versus l-amino acids can be used to infer the sources and composition of sedimentary organic matter. Such inferences, however, rely on knowing the rates at which amino acids in sedimentary organic matter racemize abiotically between the d- and the l-forms. Based on a heating experiment, we ...
Przybylski Roman - - 2013
Canola and soybean oils both regular and with modified fatty acid compositions by genetic modifications and hydrogenation were compared for frying performance. The frying was conducted at 185 ± 5 °C for up to 12 days where French fries, battered chicken and fish sticks were fried in succession. Modified canola oils, with reduced levels ...
Nair K Lekha - - 2013
The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that the newly synthesized poly(δ-valerolactone)/poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(δ-valerolactone) (VEV) copolymer grafted with folic acid would impart targetability and further enhance the anti-tumor efficacy of doxorubicin (DOX). Here, folic acid conjugated VEV (VEV-FOL) was synthesized by a modified esterification method and characterized using ...
Kaya Ibrahim - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the local antibacterial efficacy of saline, rifampicin, gentamicin, high-concentration fusidic acid and low-concentration fusidic acid in the decontamination of allografts contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus. Fifty-five sterile, fresh-frozen femoral heads obtained from the bone bank were contaminated with methicillin-sensitive ATCC 25923 Staphylococcus aureus. ...
Kuwabara Tetsuo - - 2013
A modified β-cyclodextrin (1) tethered with a phenylaminoazobenzen moiety has been synthesized for the purpose of developing a new guest-responsive color-change chemosensor. When the solution became acidic, 1 changed color from yellow to purple due to a structural change of the dye moiety from the azo form to the azonium ...
Idrees Muhammad - - 2013
Potential of sodium sulfide and sodium sulfite, in the presence of sodium hydroxide was investigated to pretreat the corncob (CC), bagasse (BG), water hyacinth and rice husk (RH) for maximum digestibility. Response Surface Methodology was employed for the optimization of pretreatment factors such as temperature, time and concentration of Na2S ...
Miao Jianyin - - 2013
A novel continuous subcritical n-butane extraction technique for Camellia seed oil was explored. The fatty acid composition, physicochemical properties, and benzo[a]pyrene content of Camellia seed oil extracted using this subcritical technique were analyzed. Orthogonal experiment design (L9(3(4))) was adopted to optimize extraction conditions. At a temperature of 45 °C, a pressure ...
Odo Junichi - - 2013
An iron(III) complex of thiacalix[4]arenetetrasulfonate attached to an anion-exchanger (Fe(3+)-TCASA-500) showed high peroxidase-like catalytic activity at pH 5 - 8 for the formation of quinoid dye, following the color reaction between 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) and N-ethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl)aniline (ALPS) in the presence of H2O2. This catalytic activity of Fe(3+)-TCASA-500 for the MBTH-ALPS ...
Tanaka Yuuki - - 2013
The complete hydrolysis of konjac glucomannan (KGM) with an acid or enzyme generally takes a long time. To accelerate KGM hydrolysis without diminishing the conventional quality, a diluted acid hydrolysis of KGM with sulfuric acid was conducted using a microwave digestion system. The optimum conditions of microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis for ...
Tee-Ngam Prinjaporn - - 2013
Ferulic acid is an important phenolic antioxidant found in or added to diet supplements, beverages, and cosmetic creams. Two designs of paper-based platforms for the fast, simple and inexpensive evaluation of ferulic acid contents in food and pharmaceutical cosmetics were evaluated. The first, a paper-based electrochemical device, was developed for ...
Fritea Luminţa - - 2013
The electrochemical behavior of ascorbic acid and uric acid on glassy carbon bare electrodes and ones modified with β-cyclodextrin entrapped in polyethyleneimine film has been investigated using square wave voltammetry. The electrode modification was achieved in order to separate the voltammetric peaks of ascorbic acid and uric acid when present ...
Salimon Jumat J School of Chemical Sciences & Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi Selangor, - - 2013
Biolubricant base oils, 9,12-hydroxy-10,13-oleioxy-12-octadecanoic acid (HYOOA) was synthesized based on the esterification reaction of Monoepoxide linoleic acid 9(12)-10(13)-monoepoxy 12(9)-octadecanoic acid (MEOA) with oleic acid (OA) and catalyzed by p-Toluenesulfonic acid. The optimum conditions for the experiment using D-optimal design to obtain high yield% of 84.61, conversion% of 83.54 and lowest ...
Arman Hadi D HD Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249-0698, - - 2013
The asymmetric unit of the title co-crystal, C10H6O8·2C8H10N4O2, comprises a centrosymmetric benzene-1,2,4,5-tetra-carb-oxy-lic acid (LH4) mol-ecule and a mol-ecule of caffeine in a general position. LH4 is nonplanar, with the dihedral angles between the ring and pendent carb-oxy-lic acid groups being 44.22 (7) and 49.74 (7)°. By contrast, the caffeine mol-ecule is planar ...
Queiroz Daher Antonio DA Professor, Department of Dentistry, University of Vila Velha, Vila Velha, Espírito Santo, - - 2013
Dental impressions disinfection is important to reduce the risk of cross contamination but this process may produce dimensional distortions. Peracetic acid is a disinfectant agent with several favorable characteristics yet underutilized in Dentistry. The aim of this paper is to compare the dimensional stability of casts obtained from addition silicone ...
Zhang Rui - - 2012
Purification of nucleic acids from low quantity of bacterial cells in minute volume is im- portant in many clinical and biological applications. We developed a novel microfluidic liquid phase nucleic acid purification chip to selectively isolate DNA or RNA from bacterial cell in the range of 5000 down to a ...
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