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Results 451 - 500 of 2881
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Guo Xuan - - 2013
During L-glutamate production, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and pyruvate carboxylase (PCx) play important roles in supplying oxaloacetate to the tricarboxylic acid cycle. To explore the significance of PCx for L-glutamate overproduction, the pyc gene encoding PCx was amplified in Corynebacterium glutamicum GDK-9 triggered by biotin limitation and CN1021 triggered by a temperature ...
Mazumder Mrinmoy - - 2013
This work addresses the changes in the phytohormonal signature in the recognition of the necrotrophic fungal pathogen Alternaria brassicicola by susceptible Brassica juncea and resistant Sinapis alba. Although B. juncea, S. alba and Arabidopsis all belong to the same family, Brassicaceae, the phytohormonal response of susceptible B. juncea towards this pathogen is unique ...
Dong Jingyu - - 2013
Boric acid-based fluorescent complex probe of BBV-HPTS (boronic acid-based benzyl viologen (BBV) and hydroxypyrene trisulfonic acid trisodium salt (HPTS)) was rarely used for sensitive sensing of saccharide (especially glycoprotein) via electrophoresis. We proposed a novel model of moving supramolecule boundary (MSB) formed with monosaccharide or glycoprotein in microcolumn and the ...
Filik Hayati - - 2013
An electrochemical sensor composed of Nafion-graphene nanocomposite film for the voltammetric determination of caffeic acid (CA) was studied. A Nafion graphene oxide-modified glassy carbon electrode was fabricated by a simple drop-casting method and then graphene oxide was electrochemically reduced over the glassy carbon electrode. The electrochemical analysis method was based ...
Arlyapov V A - - 2013
An amperometric biosensor for assessing the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) was formed by immobilizing Debaryomyces hansenii VKM Y-2482 yeast cells in poly(vinyl alcohol) modified by N-vinylpyrrolidone. Modification provided for a high sensitivity and stability of the bioreceptor. A high oxidative activity of the receptor element and the absence of any ...
Spettel Sara - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the in vivo ability to predict uric acid stone composition by Hounsfield units (HU) with the addition of urine parameters. METHODS: We reviewed all consecutive stones sent for analysis during a 4-year period from our institution for patients with an in-house computed tomography (CT) scan within the prior ...
Jia Shuting - - 2013
To improve short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production from waste activated sludge (WAS), studies that focus on pre-treatment methods, pH control or adding extra carbon like rice were reported. In this study, a kind of green waste (perennial ryegrass) was used as carbon source to adjust carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) ...
Liu Long - - 2013
In this work, the subsite -3 of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) from Paenibacillus maceras was engineered to improve maltodextrin specificity for 2-O-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2G) synthesis. Specifically, the site-saturation mutagenesis of tyrosine 89, asparagine 94, aspartic acid 196, and aspartic acid 372 in subsite -3 was separately performed, and three mutants Y89F ...
Xia Hui - - 2013
The present work describes a new solution-free strategy for preparation of cluster-like nano/micro CuO/ZnO particles in dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) in which the brass acts as the inner electrode. The cataluminescence (CTL) behaviour of such prepared material for acetic acid was studied for analytical application. Under the optimized conditions, the ...
Muralidharan Ranjani - - 2013
Present formic acid fuel cell efficiency is limited by low kinetics at the anode, indicating the need for effective catalysts to improve the formic acid oxidation. As a prerequisite, the nature of adsorbed species and specifically the reaction intermediates formed in this process needs to be examined. This work focuses ...
Kato Dai-Ichiro - - 2013
We identified the critical amino acid residues for substrate recognition using two firefly luciferases from Pylocoeria miyako (PmL) and Hotaria parvura (HpL), as these two luciferase enzymes exhibit different activities toward ketoprofen. Specifically, PmL can catalyze the apparent enantioselective thioesterification reaction, while HpL cannot. By comparing the amino acid sequences ...
D'Alonzo Daniele - - 2013
De gustibus: β-homoDNA has the singular property of being able to pair with homochiral complements of opposite chirality, with a greater stability than that observed in the corresponding isochiral complexes. Relevant to etiological investigations on nucleic acid structure, these results suggest the existence of a relationship between carbohydrate structure and ...
Kumar Chanchal - - 2013
Enterobacter asburiae PSI3 is known to efficiently solubilize rock phosphate by secretion of approximately 50 mM gluconic acid in Tris-buffered medium in the presence of 75 mM glucose and in a mixture of seven aldosugars each at 15 mM concentration, mimicking alkaline vertisol soils. Efficacy of this bacterium in the rhizosphere requires P release ...
Kraszni Márta - - 2013
In exploring the capability of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for pomegranate juice analysis, the eight aromatic singlet resonances of α- and β-punicalagin were clearly identified in the (1)H NMR spectra of juice samples. The four downfield resonances were found to be sensitive to small pH changes around pH 3.50 where ...
Slootweg Jack C - - 2013
The lipophilic amino acid, (S)-2-aminoundecanoic acid, was synthesized and incorporated at a number of specific positions within the peptide sequence of anoplin. These lipophilic anoplin analogs showed to be more active against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus compared to native anoplin, while the EC50-value of hemolysis was at least one ...
Du Jiao - - 2013
A Zn(ii) complex was found to exhibit greatly enhanced fluorescence in the presence of histidine but not in the presence of any other amino acids including cysteine. This sensor could also distinguish histidine from other imidazole derivatives.
Soon Pei Che - - 2013
Several important neurotransmitter precursors were hyperpolarized via homogeneous hydrogenation with parahydrogen. Polarization enhancement was achieved for (1)H and (13)C spins by several orders of magnitude compared to thermal spectra. Such large signal enhancements of these molecules could facilitate neurotransmitter studies.
Han Fei - - 2013
Acetylated corn starch (ACS) was synthesized by the reaction of native corn starch (NCS) with acetic anhydride (AA) and acetic acid in an aqueous medium in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) as a catalyst. The factors that could affect the degree of substitution (DS) of corn starch were investigated ...
Barrios Simón E - - 2013
The present work describes the characterization and thermal properties of hydrophobic starch obtained by the esterification of cassava starch with acyl imidazoles, acid chlorides and methyl ester derivatives of fatty acids with n-alkyl chains with 12 to 22 carbon atoms, in order to compare the dependence of their properties as ...
Builders Philip F PF Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Raw Materials Development, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Abuja, Nigeria. - - 2013
Tigernut starch has been isolated and modified by forced retrogradation of the acidic gel by freezing and thawing processes. Relevant physicochemical and functional properties of the new excipient (tigernut starch modified by acid gelation and accelerated (forced) retrogradation (ST(AM))) were evaluated as a direct compression excipient in relation to the ...
Zhou Guodong - - 2013
Utilizing the colorimetric and fluorogenic changes, a system based on polydiacetylenes (PDAs) is developed for the detection of neomycin. The PDA supramolecules polymerized from the mixed liposome composed of N-(3-hydroxyphenyl)pentacosa-10,12-diynamide (PCDA-AP) and pentacosa-10,12-diynoic acid (PCDA) at an optimized ratio of 1:9 display a unique colorimetric change (blue to red) and ...
Kang Duk-Young - - 2013
To investigate the involvement of two melanin-concentrating hormones (MCHs) in skin color change and appetite in flatfish, we isolated two forms of prepro-melanin concentrating hormone (pMCHs) mRNA in the starry flounder Platichthys stellatus and compared their amino acid structures to those of other animals. Then, we examined the relationship of ...
Myles Lauren - - 2013
The ability of triazolium salts to serve as a precatalyst for both an acid and a powerful base/nucleophile (controlled by additives) has been exploited in a process characterised by a unique in situ catalyst modification strategy.
Giacomino S - - 2013
Human consumption of flaxseed is increasing due to its health benefit properties and extrusion processes can enhance its nutritional quality. Extruded flaxseed meal (EFM) obtained in a pilot plant was characterized and incorporated in flour mixes and cereal-based bars to demonstrate its nutritious usefulness. Amino acid content was not affected ...
Chirinos Rosana - - 2013
Fatty acids (FA), phytosterols, tocopherols, phenolic compounds, total carotenoids and hydrophilic and lipophilic ORAC antioxidant capacities were evaluated in 16 cultivars of Sacha inchi (SI) seeds with the aim to valorise them and offer more information on the functional properties of SI seeds. A high α linolenic (α-Ln) fatty acid ...
Plianwong Samarwadee - - 2013
A new method was developed for the estimation of polyethylenimine (PEI) to nucleic acid ratio at which the polyplex was completely formed. The assay relied on the attraction of dichlorofluoresceinate dye to adsorb on self-assembling particles as counterions, as induced by the surface charge of the polyplex which became positive ...
Soto-Barajas Milton Carlos - - 2013
The present study addresses the prediction of the time of ripening and type of mixtures of milk (cow's, ewe's and goat's) in cheeses of varying composition using artificial neural networks (ANN). To accomplish this aim, neural networks were designed using as input data the content of 19 fatty acids obtained ...
Brose Dominic A - - 2013
Chromite ore processing residue (COPR), the solid waste product from the high-temperature alkaline processing of ferrochromite (FeO·CrO), contains Cr(VI) in soluble and insoluble compounds formed in the roasting process. This research investigated tartaric acid in combination with Mn and isopropyl alcohol (IPOH ) as co-reductants for reagent- and COPR-derived Cr(VI). ...
Gupta A - - 2013
Gemcitabine (dFdC) mediated cancer treatment faces obstacles, due to its high hydrophilicity. A valuable strategy was executed by synthesizing lipophilic fatty acid derivative of dFdC i.e., 4-(N)-stearoyl gemcitabine (C18dFdC), built-in into polymeric poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) and compared with that of parent drug. Encapsulation of derivative within NPs was ...
Chen Liyan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid of soy meal (SM) could influence protein and important minerals digestion of monogastric animals. Aspergillus oryzae (ATCC 9362) solid state fermentation was applied to degrade phytic acid in SM. Two - stage temperature fermentation protocol was investigated to increase the degradation rate. The first stage was to ...
Bernard Jürgen - - 2013
Twenty years ago two different polymorphs of carbonic acid, α- and β-H2CO3, were isolated as thin, crystalline films. They were characterized by infrared and, lately, by Raman spectroscopy. Determination of the crystal structure of these two polymorphs, using cryo-powder and thin film X-ray diffraction techniques, has failed so far. Recently, ...
Liu Long - - 2013
In this work, the specificity of cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) of Paenibacillus macerans towards maltose was improved by the site-saturation engineering of lysine 47, and the enzymatic synthesis of 2-O-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2G) with l-ascorbic acid and maltose as substrates was optimized. Compared to the AA-2G yield of the wild-type CGTase, that ...
Berker Kadriye Isil - - 2013
Folin-Ciocalteau method of total phenolics assay, originally developed for protein determination, has recently evolved as a total antioxidant capacity assay, but found to be incapable of measuring lipophilic antioxidants due to the high affinity of FC chromophore, i.e. multivalent-charged phospho-tungsto-molybdate(V), toward water. Thus, the FC method was modified and standardized ...
Chandru Kuhan - - 2013
We tested the stability and reaction of several amino acids using hydrothermal system simulators: an autoclave and two kinds of flow reactors at 200-250 °C. This study generally showed that there is a variation in the individual amino acids survivability in the simulators. This is mainly attributed to the following factors; ...
Cavalieri Francesca - - 2013
We report loading of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) on to lysozyme-shelled microbubbles. The interaction between lysozyme-shelled microbubbles and vitamin C was studied by use of cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry, zeta potential measurements, and scanning electron microscopy. The effect of microbubbles on electrochemical measurement of ascorbic acid was evaluated. The ...
Zech Hajo - - 2013
Time-resolved utilization of multiple amino acids by Phaeobacter inhibens DSM 17395 was studied during growth with casamino acids. The 15 detected amino acids could be grouped according to depletion rate into four different categories, i.e. from rapid (category I) to non-depletion (category IV). Upon entry into stationary growth phase, amino ...
Sheng Long - - 2013
The influences of Tween 80 on the pullulan production, cell growth, glucosyltransferase activity and fatty acid composition of the cells were studied. The addition of Tween 80 to the culture medium significantly enhanced the pullulan production, but had no impact to biomass accumulation. Glucosyltransferase activity involved in pullulan synthesis was ...
Duka Ada - - 2013
Hepatopancreatic brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV), made from Atlantic White shrimp (Litopenaeus setiferus), were used to characterize the transport properties of (3)H-L-leucine influx by these membrane systems and how other essential amino acids and the cations, sodium and potassium, interact with this transport system. (3)H-L-leucine uptake by BBMV was pH-sensitive ...
Winichayakul Somrutai - - 2013
Our dependency on reduced carbon for energy has led to a rapid increase in the search for sustainable alternatives and a call to focus on energy densification and increasing biomass yields. In this study we generated a uniquely stabilised plant structural protein (cysteine-oleosin) that encapsulates triacylglycerol (TAG). When co-expressed with ...
Karri Phaneendrasai - - 2013
Know your limit! IsoGNA (a structural isomer of GNA) was found-in sharp contrast to GNA-to be highly restricted in its ability to base-pair with itself and other nucleic acids. While homogeneous sequences (e.g. isoGNA(A)16 ) formed duplexes, the heterogeneous sequences showed no base-pairing. This exemplifies the limitations of canonical nucleobases ...
Tezcan Filiz - - 2013
A new chiral micellar electrokinetic chromatography-laser induced fluorescence (MEKC-LIF) method was developed using sodium dodecylbenzene sulphonate (SDBS) as surfactant for the determination of chiral amino acids in pomegranate juices. The use of SDBS as the micellar medium enhanced the fluorescence intensities of amino acids derivatised with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). The ...
Ko Chih-Yu - - 2013
A highly selective, sensitive, and stable non-enzymatic glucose sensor based on Ni hydroxide modified nitrogen-incorporated nanodiamonds (Ni(OH)2-NND) was developed. The sensor was fabricated by e-beam evaporation of a thin Ni film on NND followed by the growth of Ni(OH)2 using an electrochemical process. It was found that the Ni film ...
Damm Markus - - 2013
Safe only in a microreactor! The synthesis of adipic acid from cyclohexene by tungstic acid-catalyzed oxidation using hydrogen peroxide following the classical Noyori protocol can be accomplished in good yields with residence times as short as 20 min at 140 °C using a safe and scalable microreactor environment. Under these intensified conditions ...
Liu Qingchao - - 2013
Twenty-six naturally occurring oleanolic acid saponins and their derivatives, 16 of which were synthesized in this study, were preliminarily evaluated against human cancer cells. From SAR studies, the presence of α-l-rhamnosyl residue at the terminal of both C-3 and C-28 position for oleanolic acid bidesmosides was important to enhance cytotoxicity, ...
Aithal Mahesh - - 2013
Enzymatic synthesis of propyl gallate in organic solvent was studied using cell-associated tannase (EC 3.1.1.20) of Bacillus massiliensis. Lyophilized biomass showing tannase activity was used as the biocatalyst. The effects of solvent, surfactant treatment, and bioimprinting on the propyl gallate synthesis were studied and subsequently optimized. Among various solvents, benzene ...
Reddy G V Bhaskar - - 2013
The antioxidant and antimicrobial efficacy of grape seed extract (GSE) was studied in restructured mutton slices (RMS) under aerobic and vacuum packaging conditions during refrigerated storage. The RMS treated with grape seed extract (GSE) had significantly (P<0.05) lower thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) values and free fatty acids (FFA) % ...
Liu Meiling - - 2013
A double signal amplification platform for ultrasensitive and simultaneous detection of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA), uric acid (UA) and acetaminophen (AC) was fabricated by a nanocomposite of ferrocene thiolate stabilized Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles with graphene sheet. The platform was constructed by coating a newly synthesized phenylethynyl ferrocene thiolate (Fc-SAc) modified ...
Najim N - - 2013
Pulsed electric field (PEF) processing involves the application of pulses of voltage for less than 1 s to fluid products placed between 2 electrodes. The effect of mild PEF on beneficial characteristics of probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus is not clearly understood. The objective of this ...
Deng Dunying - - 2013
Conductive copper nano-inks can be used as a low-cost replacement for silver and gold nano-inks that are used in inkjet printing of conductive patterns. We describe a high-throughput, simple and convenient method for the preparation of copper nanoparticles in aqueous solution at room temperature. Copper acetate is used as the ...
Baran Paul P Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University, 40225 Düsseldorf, - - 2013
Signaling of the pleiotropic cytokine Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is coordinated by membrane-bound and soluble forms of the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) in processes called classic and trans-signaling, respectively. The soluble IL-6R is mainly generated by ADAM10- and ADAM17-mediated ectodomain shedding. Little is known about the role of the 52-amino acid-residue-long IL-6R stalk ...
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