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Lorenzo José M - - 2012
The effect of fat content on chemical traits related to dry-curing process (pH, moisture and water activity), color and textural properties and changes of free fatty acids and amino acids compositions during the processing of foal dry-cured sausages were studied. For this purpose, three batches (20 units per batch) of ...
Guo Rui - - 2012
A comprehensive method to extract perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids, perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids, perfluoroalkyl phosphonic acids, perfluoroalkyl phosphinic acids, and polyfluoroalkyl phosphoric acid diesters simultaneously from fish samples has been developed. The recoveries of target compounds ranged from 78 % to 121 %. The new method was used to analyze lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) ...
Belhaj Nabila - - 2012
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) is an insoluble antioxidant molecule with great biological value but exhibit poor bioavailability. To improve the bioavailability of CoQ(10), we have proposed to formulate a nanoemulsion consisting of salmon oil, salmon lecithin, CoQ(10) and water. A commercial oily mixture, based on soybean oil and CoQ(10), was used ...
Lazzara Raimondo - - 2012
Total lipids and fatty acid profiles were determined along the reproductive cycle of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha). A total of 33 fatty acids with carbon atoms from 14 to 22 were identified: palmitic acid (16:0) was the most abundant fatty acid (13-24%) followed by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), eicosapentaenoic ...
Wang Feng - - 2012
Context:Adipose tissue has an important role in peripheral estrogen synthesis. One of the metabolic pathways of estradiol (E(2)) is its conversion to lipophilic fatty acyl esters.Objective:The aim was to study the metabolism of E(2) fatty acyl esters in adipose tissue and, specifically, the role of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) in steroid ...
Aydogan Cemil - - 2012
This article describes the development of a polybutylmethacrylate-based monolithic capillary column as a chiral stationary phase. The chiral monolithic column was prepared by polymerization of butyl methacrylate (BMA), ethylene dimethacrylate (EDMA), and N-methacryloyl-l-glutamic acid (MAGA) in the presence of porogens. The porogen mixture included N,N-dimethyl formamide and phosphate buffer. MAGA ...
Godfrey Donald A - - 2012
Exposure to intense sounds often leads to loss of hearing of environmental sounds and hearing of a monotonous tonal sound not actually present, a condition known as tinnitus. Chronic physiological effects of exposure to intense tones have been reported for animals and should be accompanied by chemical changes present at ...
Yong Qiang - - 2012
Bioconversion of undetoxified hemicellulosic hydrolyzate from steam-exploded corn stover was investigated with a domesticated Pichia stipitis CBS 5776. The countercurrent washing was applied to recover sugars from the steam-exploded corn stover, which could enrich sugars in washing liquor and give an efficient saving of water. Acid concentration, reaction temperature, and ...
Riemer Thomas - - 2012
The determination of the collagen and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) contents of native and particularly bioengineered tissues is of considerable interest because the collagen-to-GAG ratio determines the water content of the tissue, which is crucial regarding its mechanical properties. (1)H NMR spectroscopy subsequent to the hydrolysis of the sample by aqueous 6 ...
Abdel-Halim E S - - 2012
Poly(acrylic acid) hydroxyethyl cellulose [poly(AA)-HEC] graft copolymer was prepared by polymerizing acrylic acid (AA) with hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) using potassium bromate/thiourea dioxide (KBrO(3)/TUD) as redox initiation system. The polymerization reaction was carried out under a variety of conditions including concentrations of AA, KBrO(3) and TUD, material to liquor ratio and ...
Riedel Annett - - 2012
Caffeine has been hypothesised as a thermogenic agent that might help to maintain a healthy body weight. Since very little is known about its actions on cellular energy metabolism, we investigated the effect of caffeine on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, cellular energy supply and thermogenesis in HepG2 cells, and studied its ...
Jardine K - - 2012
Green leaf volatiles (GLVs) are a diverse group of fatty acid-derived compounds emitted by all plants and are involved in a wide variety of developmental and stress-related biological functions. Recently, GLV emission bursts from leaves were reported following light-dark transitions and hypothesized to be related to the stress response while ...
Vajzovic Azra - - 2012
A systematic study was conducted characterizing the effect of furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), and acetic acid concentration on the production of xylitol and ethanol by a novel endophytic yeast, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa strain PTD3. The influence of different inhibitor concentrations on the growth and fermentation abilities of PTD3 cultivated in synthetic nutrient ...
Sand Arpit - - 2012
A graft copolymer of κ-carrageenan and 2-acrylamidoglycolic acid (CgOH-g-AGA) was synthesized via free radical polymerization initiated by potassium peroxymonosulphate/malonic acid redox pair. For affording maximum percentage of grafting, optimum conditions were determined by varying the concentrations of κ-carrageenan, 2-acrylamidoglycolic acid, potassium peroxymonosulphate, malonic acid, hydrogen ion, time and temperature. The ...
Waller James L - - 2012
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) was produced in bench-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) fed olive pomace fermentate containing a mixed microbial consortium. Initial anaerobic fermentation in a sequencing batch fermentor (SBF) produced soluble carbon compounds, mainly organic acids. SBF effluent was centrifuged, removing solids, and fed into a SBR where intracellular PHA was ...
Li Yi-Chieh - - 2012
Aristolochic acid, found in the Aristolochia species, causes aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) and can develop into renal failure. Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a highly cytotoxic compound generated from the metabolic process of glucose or fatty acids. It binds to proteins and forms N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), which contributes to aging and diabetes mellitus ...
Hiratochi Masahiro - - 2012
We have developed concentrative nucleoside transporter 2 (CNT2) inhibitors as a novel pharmacological approach for improving hyperuricemia by inhibiting intestinal absorption of purines. Dietary purine nucleosides are absorbed in the small intestines by CNTs expressed in the apical membrane. In humans, the absorbed purine nucleosides are rapidly degraded to their ...
Strobel Joachim - - 2012
Elevated plasma concentrations of endogenously formed asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric dimethyl-l-arginine (SDMA) are associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Our aim was to investigate the cellular uptake properties of ADMA by the human cationic amino acid transporter 1 (CAT1; SLC7A1). Human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) stably overexpressing CAT1 (HEK-CAT1) and vector-transfected ...
Raszeja-Wyszomirska Joanna - - 2012
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) begins with the accumulation of lipid droplets in the liver. Lipids which accumulate in the liver can stimulate inflammation, and the fatty acid derivatives, hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) and hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), may play an important role in this process. We evaluated the concentrations of linoleic and ...
Schievano Andrea - - 2012
Two-stage anaerobic digestion (AD) for integrated bio-hydrogen and bio-methane production from organic materials has been reported to promise higher process efficiency and energy recoveries, as compared to traditional one-stage AD. This work presents a comparison between two-stage (reactors R1 and R2) and one-stage (reactor R3) AD systems, fed with identical ...
Arena Mario E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lactobacillus hilgardii, a wine lactic acid bacterium, is able to use arginine, through the arginine deiminase pathway with the formation of citrulline, a precursor of the carcinogen ethyl carbamate. The influence of different Argentine wine varieties (Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec), on bacterial growth and arginine metabolism was examined. ...
Weingarten Ronen - - 2012
We have developed a kinetic model for aqueous-phase production of levulinic acid from glucose using a homogeneous acid catalyst. The proposed model shows a good fit with experimental data collected in this study in a batch reactor. The model was also fitted to steady-state data obtained in a plug flow ...
Balcerzyk Anna - - 2012
The formation of nitrate radical, NO3•, is for the first time directly observed by picosecond pulse radiolysis of highly concentrated nitric acid solutions. The experimental yield of NO3- ionization is deduced from the pulse-probe transient absorption measurements in the visible where this radical absorbs. Based on the value of the ...
Wang Rui - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lignification-associated phenolic acids are widely distributed in graminaceous plant cell walls. This study developed a rapid and sensitive reversed-phase method for the simultaneous quantification of protocatechuic (PRA), vanillic (VA), ferulic (FA) and p-coumaric (PCA) acids and investigated the relationship between these compounds and lignin contents in 13 fibrous feeds. ...
Kail Brian W - - 2012
A method for selectively determining both free fatty acids (FFA) and triacylglycerides (TAGs) in biological oils was investigated and optimized using gas chromatography after esterification of the target species to their corresponding fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). The method used acid catalyzed esterification in methanolic solutions under conditions of varying ...
Guerreiro Joana F - - 2012
Zygosaccharomyces bailii is the most tolerant yeast species to acetic acid-induced toxicity, being able to grow in the presence of concentrations of this food preservative close to the legal limits. For this reason, Z. bailii is the most important microbial contaminant of acidic food products but the mechanisms behind this ...
Harvey Kevin A - - 2012
Epidemiological data have shown an association of the intake of industrial produced trans fatty acids (TFA) and sudden cardiac death. The present study examines the impact of elaidic acid (t18:1n-9) and linoelaidic acid (t18:2n-6) on the human aortic endothelial cell functional response. Trans fatty acids predominately incorporated into the phospholipid ...
Bjerring Peter Nissen - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with acute liver failure have a disturbed amino acid metabolism and compromised oxidative metabolism in the brain. The clinically available neuroprotective interventions are few and this study aimed to assess the effect of fractionated plasma separation and adsorption (FPSA), an extracorporeal liver support system, on cerebral ...
Xiong Huilei - - 2012
The study evaluated influences of sludge concentration, temperature and solids retention time (SRT) for the hydrolysis of waste activated sludge (WAS) in anaerobic digesters. The results indicated that volatile fatty acids (VFA) production increased when the concentration of mixed liquor volatile suspended solids (MLVSS) was higher. When SRT was 48h, ...
Hamada Toshihiro - - 2012
The effects of cilnidipine on the serum uric acid level and urinary NO excretion in hypertensive patients were investigated. Blood and urine samples of 16 hypertensive outpatients were collected before and 2 months after cilnidipine therapy (10 mg). The serum uric acid level decreased significantly after cilnidipine treatment, while the ...
Oelschlaegel Stefanie - - 2012
Manuka honey from New Zealand is often considered a medicinal product of special value due to its high level of antimicrobial activity. Therefore, the distinct authentication of its botanical origin is of great importance. In this respect, it is particularly the analysis especially phenolic acids, flavonoids, and norisoprenoids which are ...
Ikeda Saori - - 2012
Taurine is essential for the hepatic synthesis of bile salts and, although taurine is synthesized mainly in pericentral hepatocytes, taurine and taurine-conjugated bile acids are abundant in periportal hepatocytes. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that the active supply of taurine to hepatocytes from the blood stream is a ...
Iwaura Rika - - 2012
We performed the self-assembly of a 1,18-cytidylic acid-appended bolaamphiphile (C18C) in lemon juice, which contained citric acid, and succeeded in forming left-handed helical nanofibers with diameters, lengths, and pitches of ca. 6-7 nm, several hundred nm to 5 μm, and ca. 30-40 nm, respectively.
Duan Yan-Ping - - 2012
The occurrence, behavior, and release of five acidic pharmaceuticals, including ibuprofen (IBP), naproxen (NPX), ketoprofen (KEP), diclofenac (DFC), and clofibric acid (CA), have been investigated along the different units in a tertiary-level domestic wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in hyper-urbanization city of China (Shanghai). IBP was the most abundant chemicals among ...
Ni Ji-Qin - - 2012
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are regulated aerial pollutants that have environmental and health concerns. Swine operations produce and emit a complex mixture of VOCs with a wide range of molecular weights and a variety of physicochemical properties. Significant progress has been made in this area since the first experiment on ...
Ivanova Juliana - - 2012
In this study, the ability of the chelating agent monensic acid (administered as the tetraethylammonium salt) to reduce the cadmium (Cd) concentration in the kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, spleen and testes of Cd-intoxicated mice was investigated. Chelation therapy with the tetraethylammonium salt of monensic acid led to a significant decrease ...
Posnack Nikki Gillum NG Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2012
Phthalates are common plasticizers present in medical-grade plastics and other everyday products. They can also act as endocrine-disrupting chemicals and have been linked to the rise in metabolic disorders. However, the effect of phthalates on cardiac metabolism remains largely unknown. We examined the effect of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) on the metabolic ...
Li Yuan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore melamine-related urinary calculi (MRUC) formation mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four MRUC and 19 adult urinary stones (serving as controls) were included. Stone calcium, uric acid, creatinine, creatine, melamine, and cyanuric acid levels were measured quantitatively using flame atomic absorption spectrum and high-performance liquid chromatography, respectively. The structure ...
Andre Carl - - 2012
Plant seed oil represents a major renewable source of reduced carbon, but little is known about the biochemical regulation of its synthesis. The goal of this research was to identify potential feedback regulation of fatty acid biosynthesis in Brassica napus embryo-derived cell cultures and to characterize both the feedback signals ...
Gođevac Dejan - - 2012
On the basis of LC/UV/MS analysis, 35 compounds from the extracts of seeds of black, red, and white currants (2 cultivars of each) were identified. Black currants cultivars contained protocatechuic acid and p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and traces of nitril containing phenolic acids. The presence of synapoyl glucoside was characteristic for cv. ...
Dwivedi Sanjay - - 2012
Recent breakthroughs in rice arsenic (As) research demonstrate that As accumulation significantly affects trace nutrients in rice grain. In the present study we analyzed the amino acid (AA) profile of sixteen rice genotypes differing in grain As accumulation, grown at three sites with different soil As concentrations, in ascending order, ...
Stocks S E - - 2012
Thirty multiparous lactating dairy cows were used in a randomized block design experiment to evaluate factors related to the degree of hypophagia from intraruminal infusion of propionate. Cows between 3 and 40 d postpartum at the start of the experiment were blocked by calving date and randomly assigned to treatment. ...
Ma Li - - 2012
To investigate anti-endotoxin action of four OAs reacted with endotoxin by the LAL assay with KTA. Using a incubating kinetic tube reader and kinetic turbidimetric assay (KTA), the concentration-response time curve of endotoxin reacted with limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) at 37 degrees C were obtained and the action of four ...
Glover K E - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects of feeding fresh forage either as pasture plus a concentrate (PAS) or as a silage-based total mixed ration (TMR), combined with either a ruminally inert lipid supplement high in saturated fatty acids ((-)) or a ruminally protected microalgae containing 22g of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)/100g of ...
Xu Peipei - - 2012
Drug safety for human body should be carefully studied for its potent clinical application. In this report, the neurotoxicity of anticancer drug daunorubicin (DNR) and the oleic acid-capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) for rat brain was firstly explored by using the in vivo microdialysis. The results indicated that the anticancer drug ...
Rivaldi Juan Daniel - - 2012
Ten yeast strains were evaluated concerning their capabilities to assimilate biodiesel-derived glycerol in batch cultivation. The influence of glycerol concentration, temperature, pH and yeast extract concentration on biomass production was studied for the yeast selected. Further, the effect of agitation on glycerol utilization by the yeast Hansenula anomala was also ...
Fryčák Petr - - 2012
Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization is known for producing unusual artifacts of the ionization process in some cases. In this work, processes occuring in atmospheric pressure chemical ionization/MS of orotic acid that afforded ions accompanying protonated and deprotonated orotic acid molecules in the spectra were studied. Two processes ran in parallel ...
Goltz Shellen R - - 2012
Dietary lipids are considered to be primary potentiators of carotenoid absorption, yet the amount and source required to optimize bioavailability has not been systematically evaluated. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of both amount and source of triacylglycerols on postprandial absorption of carotenoids from vegetable salads. ...
Zhang Chengcheng - - 2012
Polyacrylonitrile(PAN)/manganese acetate(Mn(CH(3)COO)(2)) composite nanofibers have been fabricated by electrospinning, a simple and effective technology. The obtained composite nanofibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR). The composite nanofibers are amorphous in structure, continuous, even and smooth. At the same time, the ...
Szabó A - - 2012
In a recent study (Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B. (2010)155: 301-308) we reported that the fatty acids (FA) of the avian (7 species) total lung phospholipids (PL) (i.e. lung parenchyma and surfactant together) provide allometric properties. To test whether this allometric scaling also occurs in either of the above components, in ...
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