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Chimento George F - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of topical tranexamic acid in primary TKA from a clinical and economic standpoint. We retrospectively reviewed 683 primary total knee arthroplasties performed at a single institution over a 2-year period. We compared 373 cases performed in 2010 without tranexamic acid ...
Lee Ae Li - - 2013
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases that result in chronic inflammation of the joints. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis and clinical course of RA. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether ...
Mine T - - 2013
PURPOSE. To examine changes in acid mucopolysaccharides and collagen expression during meniscal degeneration, tearing, and repair, using menisci excised from knee joint surgeries. METHODS. Menisci excised from 23 patients aged 15 to 80 years who underwent meniscal surgery for flap and bucket handle tears (n=11) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) ...
Printz Jonathon O - - 2013
The search results of a recent systematic review of prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trials on hyaluronic acid injections for knee arthritis were updated and reviewed for funding source and qualitative conclusions. Forty-eight studies were identified; 30 (62.5%) were industry funded, and 3 (6.25%) were not. Fifteen (31.3%) studies did not identify ...
Gierman L M - - 2013
Objective: The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) in the knee joint is hypothesized to contribute to osteoarthritis (OA) development possibly by influencing inflammatory processes. Oxylipins are essential mediators in the inflammatory process. We aimed to identify the secretion of fatty acids and oxylipins derived thereof by the IPFP. Methods: IPFP explants ...
Bruce-Brand Robert - - 2013
Tranexamic acid has been shown to reduce perioperative blood loss without increasing the risk of venous thromboembolism after total knee replacement. However studies to date were designed to assess efficacy as the primary outcome and were not powered to assess safety. We report the case of a 65-year-old male with ...
Yu Feng - - 2013
In order to mimic the natural cartilage extracellular matrix, a novel biological degradable interpenetrating network hydrogel was synthesized from the gelatin (G), hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) by Diels-Alder "click" chemistry. HA was modified with furylamine and G was modified with furancarboxylic acid respectively. (1)H NMR spectra and ...
Du Longfei - - 2013
In previously published articles, we evaluated the toxicity of four organophosphate (OP) pesticides (dichlorvos, dimethoate, acephate and phorate) to rats using metabonomic technology at their corresponding no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL). Results show that a single pesticide elicits no toxic response. The present study aimed to determine whether chronic ...
Enjo Mitsuhiro M Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2013
Approaches to auricular reconstruction have shown improved outcome when a basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) slow-release system and fibrin spraying are combined with biodegradable polymers. More complex, three-dimensional structures, such as those that replicate the human auricle, are often lost because of biodegradation of the synthetic scaffold. To improve the ...
Norling Lucy V - - 2013
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to alleviate joint stiffness and pain in rheumatoid arthritis patients. However, the mechanisms by which omega-3s exert their beneficial effects has not been fully explored. Herein we discuss a novel class of bioactive lipid mediators, which are enzymatically biosynthesized in vivo from omega-3 ...
Pachauri Amit - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of perioperative administration of 1,4-amino-carboxylic acid (tranexamic acid) in reducing the intraoperative and postoperative blood loss in patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). Tranexamic acid is an antifibrinolytic agent that is 7-10 times as potent as epsilon aminocaproic acid. We ...
Park Yongsoon - - 2013
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have anti-inflammatory effects and may be useful for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA).We examined the efficacy of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on RA on top of standard anti-inflammatory treatment. Patients with RA were randomized into two ...
Shea Beverley B CIET, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. - - 2013
Methotrexate (MTX) is a disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) used as a first line agent for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Pharmacologically, it is classified as an antimetabolite due to its antagonistic effect on folic acid metabolism. Many patients treated with MTX experience mucosal, gastrointestinal, hepatic or haematologic side effects. Supplementation ...
Cataldo Franco F Actinium Chemical Research srl, Via Casilina 1626A, Rome 00133, Italy. - - 2013
A series of non-proteinogenic amino acids, most of them found quite commonly in the meteorites known as carbonaceous chondrites, were subjected to solid state radiolysis in vacuum to a total radiation dose of 3.2 MGy corresponding to 23% of the total dose expected to be taken by organic molecules buried ...
Hayashi Hitomi - - 2012
We assessed whether disease activity was associated with dietary habits, nutritional status, adipokines, and oxidative stress in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The subjects were 37 patients with RA. The assessment of the nutritional status included anthropometric and biochemical parameters. A food-frequency questionnaire and a 3-d diet record to assess dietary ...
Yoon Chong-Hyeon - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether gallic acid (3, 4, 5-trihydroxybenzoic acid), a natural polyphenolic acid found in gall nuts, sumac, oak bark, tea leaves, grapes and wine, has pro-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects on fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Viability of RA FLS was assessed using a ...
Niu Junfeng - - 2012
The Ce-doped modified porous nanocrystalline PbO(2) film electrode prepared by electrodeposition technology was used for electrochemical mineralization of environmentally persistent perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) (~C(4)-C(8)), i.e., perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), perfluopentanoic acid (PFPeA), perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoheptanoic acid (PFHpA), and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in aqueous solution (100 mL of 100 mg ...
Contreras G A - - 2012
Intense lipid mobilization during the transition period in dairy cows is associated with increased disease susceptibility. The potential impact of altered plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations and composition on host inflammatory responses that may contribute to disease incidence and severity are not known. The objective of this study was ...
Solhi Laleh - - 2012
The objective of this study was to synthesize 6-(2-acryloylamino-ethyldisulfanyl)-nicotinic acid (ACENA) for subsequent copolymerization with acrylic acid (AA) as a new method for synthesis of preactivated thiomers. Copolymerization reactions of ACENA and AA with different molar ratios were performed and the molecular weight (Mw) values of the resulting copolymers were ...
Memon Aa - - 2012
To improve the Boer goat semen quality during cryopreservation process, three experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of (i) different concentration of ascorbic acid supplementation (ii) rate of cooling with chilled semen characteristics and (iii) method of freezing on post-thaw Boer goat sperm using Tris-based extender. Ascorbic acid ...
Mas Emilie - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Resolvins and protectins are families of local lipid mediators generated from the n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during self-limited resolution of inflammation. We aimed to develop a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay to measure these lipid mediators in human blood following n-3 fatty acid ...
Elevi Bardavid Rahel - - 2012
In a metagenomic analysis of a stratified hypersaline (9 % salt) microbial mat in Guerrero Negro, Mexico, Kunin et al. (Mol Systems Biol 4:198, 2008) detected a significantly acid-shifted proteome, and concluded that adaptation by enriching proteins with acidic amino acids is more widespread than previously assumed. We here reevaluate these ...
Najbjerg Heidi - - 2012
In the present study we investigated the ability of high-throughput FTIR spectroscopy in combination with multivariate data analysis to reveal if any combinatory effects of fatty acids in mixture are present in liver HepG2 cell cultures after three days of exposure. For this investigation we used an experimental mixture design ...
Tello Edisson - - 2012
Three new cembranoid diterpenes, knightine (1), 11(R)-hydroxy-12(20)-en-knightal (2), and 11(R)-hydroxy-12(20)-en-knightol acetate (3), were isolated as minor constituents of the Caribbean gorgonian Eunicea knighti, along with the known cembranoids 4-8. The stereostructures of the new compounds were determined by detailed spectroscopic analyses and a combination of chemical transformations and modified Mosher's ...
Min Douyong - - 2012
Downregulated lignin transgenic black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) was used to elucidate the effect of lignin and xylan content on enzymatic saccharification. The lignin contents of three transgenic samples (4CL1-1, 4CL1-4, and CH8-1-4) were 19.3, 16.7, and 15.0 %, respectively, as compared with the wild type (21.3 %). The four pretreatments were dilute ...
Clausen Morten R - - 2012
Metabolic changes were investigated in overwintering Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L) tubers using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) metabolomics. Three varieties were studied and as a result of overwintering, we found that the amount of inulin decreased in Jerusalem artichoke tubers. This was mainly due to its conversion to sucrose ...
Liu Siyu - - 2012
In this paper, water-soluble CuInS(2) ternary quantum dots (QDs) modified by mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) were directly synthesized by hydrothermal method. Ascorbic acid (AA) can induce the fluorescence enhancement of MPA-capped CuInS(2) QDs and can be used for the detection of AA. Under the optimized conditions, the relationship between the fluorescence ...
YemiƟ Gökçe Polat - - 2012
  The thermal tolerance Cronobacter sakazakii was examined in sterile powdered infant formula (PIF) rehydrated at 58 °C in water or apple juice supplemented with vanillin, ethyl vanillin, or vanillic acid. All three compounds decreased thermal tolerance during-rehydration and the lowest decimal reduction time (D-value, 0.19 ± 0.01 min) was ...
Gonçalves L M - - 2012
Denture liners (DL) are easily colonized by Candida spp. In an attempt to prevent biofilm colonization, manufacturers have incorporated undecylenic acid (UDA) into DL. In this in vitro study, the effects of UDA released from DL on Candida biofilms were investigated. The concentrations of UDA released from commercial DL were ...
Monferrere Gastón Lancelle - - 2012
  The spectroscopic characterization of different varieties of sunflower seeds based on their oleic acid content is proposed. One hundred fifty samples of sunflower seeds from different places of Argentina were analyzed by near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (NIRDRS). Seed samples were grounded and sieved without chemical treatment previous to the ...
Crea Francesco - - 2012
The total solubility of three penicillin derivatives was determined, in pure water and NaCl aqueous solutions at different salt concentrations (from ∼0.15 to 1.0 mol L(-1) for ampicillin and amoxicillin, and from ∼0.05 to 2.0 mol L(-1) for (+)6-aminopenicillanic acid), using the shake-flask method for generating the saturated solutions, followed ...
Li Yi - - 2012
Quinones are toxicological substances in inhalable particulate matter (PM). The mechanisms by which quinones cause hazardous effects can be complex. Quinones are highly active redox molecules that can go through redox cycle with their semiquinone radicals, leading to formation of reactive oxygen species. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra have been ...
Su Zhi - - 2012
The rates of oxidation of fatty acids by CYP119 compound I were dependent on the pH of the medium. The plot shows log k values for reactions of acids as a function of pH, where the slopes indicate mixed third-order and fourth-order dependence on base concentration. For palmitic acid, the ...
de Freitas Priscila - - 2012
The present work studied the effects of ascorbic acid supplementation (1 mg/ml in water daily) on submucosal vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) neurons in the jejunum of aging rats. Twenty-five male rats were divided into the following groups: Y90 (young, 90-day-old rats), A345 (aged, 345-day-old rats), A428 (aged, 428-day-old rats), AA345 (ascorbic ...
Kim Daigeun - - 2012
A highly efficient colorimetric and fluorescence turn-off probe for the sensitive and selective detection of the biologically important amino acid, cysteine (Cys), is demonstrated using a newly synthesized water-soluble hyperbranched polymer (HP) containing sulfonic acid groups. The detection mechanism involves two steps: (i) the slight quenching of HP in the ...
Kawaguchi Yoshiaki - - 2012
Aims: Our aim was to investigate plasma amino acid levels in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients and examine their relationship with exocrine insufficiency. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with alcoholic CP and 20 healthy controls were examined. CP patients were divided into an exocrine normal group (n = 28) and an exocrine insufficiency ...
Sprague M - - 2012
Lipid class, fatty acid and POP levels were measured in migrating Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABT) tissues caught off the Barbate coast, Spain. Tissue lipids were largely characterized by triacylglycerol, reflecting large energy reserves accumulated prior to reproductive migration. Fatty acid compositions of muscle, liver and adipose exhibited similar profiles, whereas ...
Jiang Xuan - - 2012
When grown in a nonanoic acid-limited chemostat at a dilution rate of 0.25 h-1, Pseudomonas putida KT2440 produced poly(3-hydroxynonanoate-co-3-hydroxyheptanoate) containing 68 mol% 3-hydroxynonanoate (C9) and 32 mol% 3-hydroxyheptanoate (C7). Under the same conditions, but in the presence of acrylic acid, a fatty acid β-oxidation inhibitor, the C9 monomer content increased ...
Zhu Zhi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Garlic oil (GO) has blood lipid-lowering effects. Milk fatty acid (FA) originates partly from plasma, and can be affected by the mammary lipogenesis. This study aimed to investigate GO effects on milk FA profile and mammary lipogenesis-related gene expression. Early-lactation goats were randomly allocated to four treatments with six ...
N'dri Denis - - 2012
BACKGROUND: At present, sorghum, fonio and millet are not placed as important commodities in the North American and European food basket, but their importance as ingredients in multigrain and gluten-free cereal products is highlighted. Therefore in this study the phenolic profile (evaluated by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry), total phenolic content ...
Morabito Santo - - 2012
Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is a valid anticoagulation method in continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) and different combination of citrate and CRRT solutions can affect acid-base balance. Regardless of the anticoagulation protocol, hypophosphatemia occurs frequently in CRRT. In this case report, we evaluated safety and effects on acid-base balance of ...
Fitzgerald Mark - - 2012
The organic peroxide explosive triacetone triperoxide (TATP) is regularly encountered by law enforcement agents in various stages of its production, storage, or usage. In a previous study, it has been demonstrated that isolated, rigorously purified, TATP may degrade to form a series of chlorinated acetones when directly treated with excess ...
Mayoral-Mariles Adriana - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Depression is the most common of all psychiatric disorders and the role of amino acid transmitters in this pathology has been recently studied. We undertook this study to investigate if the plasma levels of L-arginine, L-citrulline, L-glutamic acid, L-glutamine, L-asparagine and other amino acids, the L-citrulline/L-arginine and ...
Honda Hiroshi - - 2012
Glycidol fatty acid esters (GEs) have been found as impurities in refined edible oils including diacylglycerol (DAG) oil, and concerns of possible exposure to glycidol (G), a known animal carcinogen, during digestion have been raised. We previously measured N-(2,3-dihydroxy-propyl)valine (diHOPrVal), a G hemoglobin adduct, for DAG oil exposed and non-exposed ...
Abromeit Hans - - 2012
A new sensitive method using α-cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography has been developed to separate and quantify arachidonic acid metabolites of the lipoxygenase pathways in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, i.e. leukotriene B(4), 6-trans-leukotriene B(4), 6-trans-12-epi-leukotriene B(4), 5(S)-hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid, 12(S)-hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid, and 15(S)-hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid. The electrophoresis system was optimized with regard to the ...
Santos Sílvia - - 2012
Serogroup B outer membrane vesicles (OMV) with iron regulated proteins (IRP) from Neisseria meningitidis constitute the antigen for the vaccine against the disease caused by this bacterium. Aiming to enhance final OMV concentration, seven batch experiments were carried out under four different conditions: (i) with original Catlin medium; (ii) with ...
Gupta V K - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to try to understand the antibacterial mechanism of L-(-)-usnic acid isolated for the first time from fruticose lichen Usnea subfloridana using clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of L-(-)-usnic acid against the clinical isolates of MRSA and reference ...
Mu Xiaoyu - - 2012
A novel amino acid ionic liquid (AAIL) with l-ornithine (l-Orn) as anion was successfully synthesized, and subsequently applied as an available chiral ligand coordinated with Zn(ii) in a chiral ligand exchange capillary electrophoresis (CLE-CE) system for the enantioseparation of dansyl amino acids (Dns-d,l-AAs). The influence of key parameters, such as ...
Farrell Tracy L - - 2012
SCOPE: This study reports the 24 h human plasma pharmacokinetics of 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid (dimethoxycinnamic acid) after consumption of coffee, and the membrane transport characteristics of certain dimethoxycinnamic acid derivatives, as present in coffee. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight healthy human volunteers consumed a low-polyphenol diet for 24 h before drinking 400 ...
Mello A S AS - - 2012
Wet distillers grains contain approximately 65% moisture. A partially dried product (modified distillers grains plus solubles; MDGS) contains about 50% moisture. However, both have similar nutrient composition on a dry matter basis. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of finishing diets varying in concentration of MDGS ...
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