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Memon Aa - - 2012
To improve the Boer goat semen quality during cryopreservation process, three experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of (i) different concentration of ascorbic acid supplementation (ii) rate of cooling with chilled semen characteristics and (iii) method of freezing on post-thaw Boer goat sperm using Tris-based extender. Ascorbic acid ...
Mas Emilie - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Resolvins and protectins are families of local lipid mediators generated from the n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) during self-limited resolution of inflammation. We aimed to develop a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay to measure these lipid mediators in human blood following n-3 fatty acid ...
Elevi Bardavid Rahel - - 2012
In a metagenomic analysis of a stratified hypersaline (9 % salt) microbial mat in Guerrero Negro, Mexico, Kunin et al. (Mol Systems Biol 4:198, 2008) detected a significantly acid-shifted proteome, and concluded that adaptation by enriching proteins with acidic amino acids is more widespread than previously assumed. We here reevaluate these ...
Najbjerg Heidi - - 2012
In the present study we investigated the ability of high-throughput FTIR spectroscopy in combination with multivariate data analysis to reveal if any combinatory effects of fatty acids in mixture are present in liver HepG2 cell cultures after three days of exposure. For this investigation we used an experimental mixture design ...
Tello Edisson - - 2012
Three new cembranoid diterpenes, knightine (1), 11(R)-hydroxy-12(20)-en-knightal (2), and 11(R)-hydroxy-12(20)-en-knightol acetate (3), were isolated as minor constituents of the Caribbean gorgonian Eunicea knighti, along with the known cembranoids 4-8. The stereostructures of the new compounds were determined by detailed spectroscopic analyses and a combination of chemical transformations and modified Mosher's ...
Min Douyong - - 2012
Downregulated lignin transgenic black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) was used to elucidate the effect of lignin and xylan content on enzymatic saccharification. The lignin contents of three transgenic samples (4CL1-1, 4CL1-4, and CH8-1-4) were 19.3, 16.7, and 15.0 %, respectively, as compared with the wild type (21.3 %). The four pretreatments were dilute ...
Clausen Morten R - - 2012
Metabolic changes were investigated in overwintering Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L) tubers using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) metabolomics. Three varieties were studied and as a result of overwintering, we found that the amount of inulin decreased in Jerusalem artichoke tubers. This was mainly due to its conversion to sucrose ...
Liu Siyu - - 2012
In this paper, water-soluble CuInS(2) ternary quantum dots (QDs) modified by mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) were directly synthesized by hydrothermal method. Ascorbic acid (AA) can induce the fluorescence enhancement of MPA-capped CuInS(2) QDs and can be used for the detection of AA. Under the optimized conditions, the relationship between the fluorescence ...
YemiƟ Gökçe Polat - - 2012
  The thermal tolerance Cronobacter sakazakii was examined in sterile powdered infant formula (PIF) rehydrated at 58 °C in water or apple juice supplemented with vanillin, ethyl vanillin, or vanillic acid. All three compounds decreased thermal tolerance during-rehydration and the lowest decimal reduction time (D-value, 0.19 ± 0.01 min) was ...
Gonçalves L M - - 2012
Denture liners (DL) are easily colonized by Candida spp. In an attempt to prevent biofilm colonization, manufacturers have incorporated undecylenic acid (UDA) into DL. In this in vitro study, the effects of UDA released from DL on Candida biofilms were investigated. The concentrations of UDA released from commercial DL were ...
Monferrere Gastón Lancelle - - 2012
  The spectroscopic characterization of different varieties of sunflower seeds based on their oleic acid content is proposed. One hundred fifty samples of sunflower seeds from different places of Argentina were analyzed by near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (NIRDRS). Seed samples were grounded and sieved without chemical treatment previous to the ...
Crea Francesco - - 2012
The total solubility of three penicillin derivatives was determined, in pure water and NaCl aqueous solutions at different salt concentrations (from ∼0.15 to 1.0 mol L(-1) for ampicillin and amoxicillin, and from ∼0.05 to 2.0 mol L(-1) for (+)6-aminopenicillanic acid), using the shake-flask method for generating the saturated solutions, followed ...
Li Yi - - 2012
Quinones are toxicological substances in inhalable particulate matter (PM). The mechanisms by which quinones cause hazardous effects can be complex. Quinones are highly active redox molecules that can go through redox cycle with their semiquinone radicals, leading to formation of reactive oxygen species. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra have been ...
Su Zhi - - 2012
The rates of oxidation of fatty acids by CYP119 compound I were dependent on the pH of the medium. The plot shows log k values for reactions of acids as a function of pH, where the slopes indicate mixed third-order and fourth-order dependence on base concentration. For palmitic acid, the ...
de Freitas Priscila - - 2012
The present work studied the effects of ascorbic acid supplementation (1 mg/ml in water daily) on submucosal vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-immunoreactive (VIP-IR) neurons in the jejunum of aging rats. Twenty-five male rats were divided into the following groups: Y90 (young, 90-day-old rats), A345 (aged, 345-day-old rats), A428 (aged, 428-day-old rats), AA345 (ascorbic ...
Kim Daigeun - - 2012
A highly efficient colorimetric and fluorescence turn-off probe for the sensitive and selective detection of the biologically important amino acid, cysteine (Cys), is demonstrated using a newly synthesized water-soluble hyperbranched polymer (HP) containing sulfonic acid groups. The detection mechanism involves two steps: (i) the slight quenching of HP in the ...
Kawaguchi Yoshiaki - - 2012
Aims: Our aim was to investigate plasma amino acid levels in chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients and examine their relationship with exocrine insufficiency. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with alcoholic CP and 20 healthy controls were examined. CP patients were divided into an exocrine normal group (n = 28) and an exocrine insufficiency ...
Sprague M - - 2012
Lipid class, fatty acid and POP levels were measured in migrating Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABT) tissues caught off the Barbate coast, Spain. Tissue lipids were largely characterized by triacylglycerol, reflecting large energy reserves accumulated prior to reproductive migration. Fatty acid compositions of muscle, liver and adipose exhibited similar profiles, whereas ...
Jiang Xuan - - 2012
When grown in a nonanoic acid-limited chemostat at a dilution rate of 0.25 h-1, Pseudomonas putida KT2440 produced poly(3-hydroxynonanoate-co-3-hydroxyheptanoate) containing 68 mol% 3-hydroxynonanoate (C9) and 32 mol% 3-hydroxyheptanoate (C7). Under the same conditions, but in the presence of acrylic acid, a fatty acid β-oxidation inhibitor, the C9 monomer content increased ...
Zhu Zhi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Garlic oil (GO) has blood lipid-lowering effects. Milk fatty acid (FA) originates partly from plasma, and can be affected by the mammary lipogenesis. This study aimed to investigate GO effects on milk FA profile and mammary lipogenesis-related gene expression. Early-lactation goats were randomly allocated to four treatments with six ...
N'dri Denis - - 2012
BACKGROUND: At present, sorghum, fonio and millet are not placed as important commodities in the North American and European food basket, but their importance as ingredients in multigrain and gluten-free cereal products is highlighted. Therefore in this study the phenolic profile (evaluated by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry), total phenolic content ...
Morabito Santo - - 2012
Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is a valid anticoagulation method in continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) and different combination of citrate and CRRT solutions can affect acid-base balance. Regardless of the anticoagulation protocol, hypophosphatemia occurs frequently in CRRT. In this case report, we evaluated safety and effects on acid-base balance of ...
Fitzgerald Mark - - 2012
The organic peroxide explosive triacetone triperoxide (TATP) is regularly encountered by law enforcement agents in various stages of its production, storage, or usage. In a previous study, it has been demonstrated that isolated, rigorously purified, TATP may degrade to form a series of chlorinated acetones when directly treated with excess ...
Mayoral-Mariles Adriana - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Depression is the most common of all psychiatric disorders and the role of amino acid transmitters in this pathology has been recently studied. We undertook this study to investigate if the plasma levels of L-arginine, L-citrulline, L-glutamic acid, L-glutamine, L-asparagine and other amino acids, the L-citrulline/L-arginine and ...
Honda Hiroshi - - 2012
Glycidol fatty acid esters (GEs) have been found as impurities in refined edible oils including diacylglycerol (DAG) oil, and concerns of possible exposure to glycidol (G), a known animal carcinogen, during digestion have been raised. We previously measured N-(2,3-dihydroxy-propyl)valine (diHOPrVal), a G hemoglobin adduct, for DAG oil exposed and non-exposed ...
Abromeit Hans - - 2012
A new sensitive method using α-cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography has been developed to separate and quantify arachidonic acid metabolites of the lipoxygenase pathways in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, i.e. leukotriene B(4), 6-trans-leukotriene B(4), 6-trans-12-epi-leukotriene B(4), 5(S)-hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid, 12(S)-hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid, and 15(S)-hydroxy-6-trans-8,11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid. The electrophoresis system was optimized with regard to the ...
Santos Sílvia - - 2012
Serogroup B outer membrane vesicles (OMV) with iron regulated proteins (IRP) from Neisseria meningitidis constitute the antigen for the vaccine against the disease caused by this bacterium. Aiming to enhance final OMV concentration, seven batch experiments were carried out under four different conditions: (i) with original Catlin medium; (ii) with ...
Gupta V K - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to try to understand the antibacterial mechanism of L-(-)-usnic acid isolated for the first time from fruticose lichen Usnea subfloridana using clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of L-(-)-usnic acid against the clinical isolates of MRSA and reference ...
Mu Xiaoyu - - 2012
A novel amino acid ionic liquid (AAIL) with l-ornithine (l-Orn) as anion was successfully synthesized, and subsequently applied as an available chiral ligand coordinated with Zn(ii) in a chiral ligand exchange capillary electrophoresis (CLE-CE) system for the enantioseparation of dansyl amino acids (Dns-d,l-AAs). The influence of key parameters, such as ...
Farrell Tracy L - - 2012
SCOPE: This study reports the 24 h human plasma pharmacokinetics of 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid (dimethoxycinnamic acid) after consumption of coffee, and the membrane transport characteristics of certain dimethoxycinnamic acid derivatives, as present in coffee. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight healthy human volunteers consumed a low-polyphenol diet for 24 h before drinking 400 ...
Mello A S AS - - 2012
Wet distillers grains contain approximately 65% moisture. A partially dried product (modified distillers grains plus solubles; MDGS) contains about 50% moisture. However, both have similar nutrient composition on a dry matter basis. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of finishing diets varying in concentration of MDGS ...
Cebolla-Cornejo Jaime - - 2012
In this work, an improved CE method for the medium-throughput determination of main organic acids (oxalate, malate, citrate), the amino acid glutamate and the sugars fructose, glucose and sucrose in several food matrices is described. These compounds have been identified as key components in the taste intensity of fruit and ...
Santillo A - - 2012
Twelve Caciocavallo cheeses were collected from 6 factories (A, B, C, D, E, F) located in the Monti Dauni Meridionali area (Southern Italy) that adopted different protocols for cheese production. A total of 160 consumers were involved in the sensory evaluation of Caciocavallo cheese after 180d of ripening. Cheese attributes ...
Kodama Shuji - - 2012
Lipoic acid, an antioxidant, naturally occurs as the (R)-enantiomer, while synthetic lipoic acid is racemic. It is thus of interest to know the (R)-enantiomer content of lipoic acid supplements. Here, we used capillary electrophoresis to directly enantioseparate lipoic acid in dietary supplements by using a sulfonated capillary with an effective ...
Samieri Cécilia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:The long-chain ω-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are potential candidates for interventions to delay Alzheimer disease (AD), but evidence from clinical studies is mixed. We aimed at determining whether plasma levels of EPA or DHA predict atrophy of medial temporal lobe (MTL) gray matter regions ...
Rincón Bárbara - - 2012
A study of the anaerobic acidogenesis of wet olive cake or olive mill solid waste (OMSW) from the two-phase olive oil mill industry was carried out. Eight different hydraulic retention times (HRTs) ranging from 50.0-10.7 days were studied. An increase of 935.7 % in total volatile fatty acids (VFA) over ...
Boilson Andrew - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In 2006 the Food Safety Authority of Ireland recommended mandatory folic acid fortification of flour for the prevention of neural tube defects in addition to the existing extensive voluntary folic acid fortification culture in place there. This recommendation is now suspended until further scientific evidence surrounding safety becomes available. ...
Karimi R - - 2012
Probiotic Iranian ultrafiltered Feta cheese was produced from ultrafiltration of milk with a volumetric concentration factor of 4.5:1. The heat-treated retentates were inoculated with 10(7) cfu of Lactobacillus casei LAFTI L26/mL. A mesophilic-thermophilic mixed culture of Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris, and Streptococcus thermophilus was also used. ...
Juhlin J - - 2012
In 136 cows with altogether 969 milk samples, we investigated the effect of the acyl-coenzyme A:diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) K232A polymorphism on milk fatty acid (FA) composition and how, in combination with copper concentration in milk, this influences the occurrence of spontaneous oxidized flavor. All milk samples were analyzed for ...
Borges Anabela - - 2012
The activity of two phenolic acids, gallic acid (GA) and ferulic acid (FA) at 1000 μg ml(-1), was evaluated on the prevention and control of biofilms formed by Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. In addition, the effect of the two phenolic acids was tested on planktonic ...
Mazaki-Tovi Michal - - 2012
Objective-To determine associations between serum concentrations of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids or body condition and serum concentrations of adiponectin, leptin, insulin, glucose, or triglyceride in healthy dogs. Animals-62 healthy adult client-owned dogs. Procedures-Body condition score and percentage of body fat were determined. Blood samples were collected after food was withheld ...
Chen Zhuo - - 2012
Microalgal lipids are promising alternative feedstocks for biodiesel production. Scenedesmus sp. NJ-1, an oil-rich freshwater microalga isolated from Antarctica, was identified to be a suitable candidate to produce biodiesel in this study. This strain could grow at temperatures ranging from 4 to 35 °C. With regular decrease in nitrate concentration in ...
Intorre Federica - - 2012
The aim of this randomised, double-blind, crossover study in normolipidaemic volunteers was to investigate the effect of consumption of an experimental cheese (from cows fed a grass and maize silage-based diet with 5% of linseed oil added) or a control cheese (without linseed oil) on both plasma lipids and fatty ...
Wang Li - - 2012
Phenolic acids exert beneficial health effects such as anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-inflammatory activities and show systemic exposure after consumption of common fruits, vegetables, and beverages. However, knowledge regarding which components convey therapeutic benefits and the mechanism(s) by which they cross cell membranes is extremely limited. Therefore, we determined the inhibitory ...
Pichika Rama - - 2012
Arachidonic acid (AA) is found in high concentrations in brain phospholipids and is released as a second messenger during neurotransmission and much more so during neuroinflammation and excitotoxicity. Upregulated brain AA metabolism associated with neuroinflammation has been imaged in rodents using [1-(14)C]AA and with PET in Alzheimer disease patients using ...
Pérez-Esteban Javier - - 2012
A one-step extraction procedure and a leaching column experiment were performed to assess the effects of citric and tartaric acids on Cu and Zn mobilization in naturally contaminated mine soils to facilitate assisted phytoextraction. A speciation modeling of the soil solution and the metal fractionation of soils were performed to ...
Deng Yi - - 2012
Comprehensive cerebral metabolites involved in morphine dependence have not been well explored. To gain a better understanding of morphine dependence and withdrawal therapy in a model highly related to humans, metabolic changes in brain hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC) of rhesus monkeys were measured by (1) H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, ...
Sipos László - - 2012
The enantiomers of four unusual isoxazoline-fused 2-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acids were directly separated on chiral stationary phases containing (+)-(18-crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid as chiral selector. The nature of the alcoholic modifier (MeOH, EtOH, IPA) exerted a great effect on the retention, whereas the selectivity and resolution did not change substantially. Two types of dependence ...
Cai Wenyi - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) releasing films with a bilayer configuration are fabricated by doping dibutyhexyldiamine diazeniumdiolate (DBHD/N2O2) in a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) layer and further encapsulating this base layer with a silicone rubber top coating. By incorporating pH sensitive dyes within the films, pH changes in the PLGA layer are visualized ...
Okada Kaori - - 2012
We performed sensory evaluations on 141 bottles of sake and analyzed the relationship between the D: -amino acid concentrations, and the taste of the sake using principal component analysis, which yielded seven principal components (PC1-7) that explained 100 % of the total variance in the data. PC1, which explains 33.6 % of ...
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