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Results 351 - 400 of 3191
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Katz P O - - 2010
In patients with Los Angeles (LA) grade C or D oesophagitis, a positive relationship has been established between the duration of intragastric acid suppression and healing. To determine whether there is an apparent optimal time of intragastric acid suppression for maximal healing of reflux oesophagitis. Post hoc analysis of data ...
Kampe Heike - - 2010
As extreme environmental conditions strongly affect bacterial community composition (BCC), we examined whether differences in pH-even at low pH-and in iron and sulfate concentrations lead to changes in BCC of acidic mining lakes. Thereby, we tested the following hypotheses: (1) diversity of the bacterial community in acidic lakes decreases with ...
Duret Guillaume - - 2010
The trimeric OmpU and OmpT porins form large, triple-barrel hydrophilic channels in the outer membrane of the pathogen Vibrio cholerae. They have distinct pore properties, such as conductance, block by deoxycholic acid, and sensitivity to acidic pH. Their three-dimensional structures are unknown, but they share significant sequence homologies. To gain ...
Chi Lina - - 2010
New ethynylated triphenylamine boronic acid sensors 1 and 2 were designed and the photophysical properties, as well as the binding with tartaric acid and mandelic acid were studied. We found the emission intensity of the sensors is sensitive to the polarity of the solvents and the emission of sensor 2 ...
Talbot Colleen - - 2010
The colon is believed to absorb NaCl via the coupled operation of apical Na/H exchanger-3 (NHE3) and Cl/HCO(3) exchanger SLC26A3 (DRA). Efficient coupling requires that NHE3 and DRA operate in close proximity within common luminal and cytosolic microenvironments. Thus we examined whether these proteins coexist along the apical margin of ...
Fang Yapeng - - 2010
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is here used to study the interaction between gum arabic and a fatty acid. The EPR spectra of 5-doxyl stearic acid (5-DSA), a spin-labeled fatty acid analog, displayed increasingly anisotropic line features upon addition of gum arabic, indicating a strong immobilization of the nitroxyl moiety when ...
Axelsson-Olsson Diana - - 2010
Campylobacter jejuni is a recognized and common gastrointestinal pathogen in most parts of the world. Human infections are often food borne, and the bacterium is frequent among poultry and other food animals. However, much less is known about the epidemiology of C. jejuni in the environment and what mechanisms the ...
Verma Shikha - - 2010
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is widely known for its catalytic activity on substrates such as aldehyde and ketone. Interestingly, the activity of S. cerevisiae on heptanal (C(6)H(13)CHO), in spite of its being a very common aldehyde, has not been explored. The main objective of this study was therefore to investigate the bioconversion ...
Molatová Z - - 2010
Organic acids can be used as feed supplements or for treatment of poultry carcasses in processing plants. The antimicrobial activity of nineteen organic acids and two monoacylglycerols in cultures of Campylobacter jejuni CCM 6214(T) (ATCC 33560) was determined using a SYBR Green-based real-time PCR assay. The IC(50) was a concentration ...
Vertzoni Maria - - 2010
PURPOSE: To characterize the fluid composition in ascending colon of fasted adults with ulcerative colitis in relapse and in remission with a view to predicting variations on dosage form performance in the lower inflamed gut. METHODS: Twelve patients participated in a two-phase, crossover study. Enrollment to the relapse phase (Phase ...
Fan Dawei - - 2010
Amino acid polyoxometalate nanoparticles-embedded microcapsules were in situ fabricated by layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly method [polyoxometalate, H3PMo12O40·nH2O (PMo12); amino acid, glycine (Gly)]. The morphology of the obtained microcapsules was characterized by transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical behavior of the amino acid polyoxometalate nanoparticles-embedded microcapsules was studied by ...
Brockmann Sina - - 2010
Bacteria in acidophilic biofilm communities, i.e. acid streamers and snottites, obtained from a subsurface mine in Königstein were visualized by fluorescence microscopy using four new fluorescent dyes (DY-601XL, V07-04118, V07-04146, DY-613). The pH of the bulk solution in which these bacteria thrive was pH 2.6 to 2.9. The new fluorescent ...
Monette Michelle Y - - 2010
We examined the physiological, molecular, and cellular mechanisms of impaired ion regulation in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, smolts following acute acid and aluminum (Al) exposure. Smolts were exposed to: control (pH 6.5, 3.4 micrpg l(-1) Al), acid and low Al (LAl: pH 5.4, 11 microg l(-1) Al), acid and moderate ...
Mui Edward L K - - 2010
Two types of activated carbons from tyre char (with or without sulphuric acid treatment) were produced via carbon dioxide activation with BET surface areas in the range 59-1118 m(2)/g. Other characterisation tests include micropore and mesopore surface areas and volumes, pH, and elemental compositions, particularly heteroatoms such as nitrogen and ...
Allen Daniel J - - 2010
Mineral carbonation is a potentially attractive alternative to storage of compressed CO(2) in underground repositories, known as geosequestration. Processes for the conversion of basic ores, such as magnesium silicates, to carbonates have been proposed by various researchers, with storage of the carbonate as backfill in the original mine representing a ...
Mahkam Mehrdad - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to develop novel intestinal specific drug delivery systems with pH-sensitive swelling and drug release properties. Acryloyl ester of 5-[4-(hydroxy phenyl) azo] salicylic acid (HPAS) as an azo derivative of 5-amino salicylic acid (5-ASA) was prepared under mild conditions. The HPAS was covalently linked with ...
Barth B J - - 2010
The low pH of naturally acidic aquatic environments is the result of soft-water with low buffering capacity and high concentrations of natural organic acids. Our current understanding of the influence of pH on aquatic organisms is largely limited to laboratory studies conducted under controlled conditions with little incorporation of these ...
Zhou Huo-Fei - - 2010
A novel kind of chitosan derivatives (CS-LA-TM) were synthesized by grafting hydrophobic molecules of lithocholic acid (LA) and quaternization. CS-LA-TM and micelle-like self-aggregates were characterized by FTIR, 1H NMR, fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The critical micelles concentration (CMC) ranging from 0.009 mg/mL to 0.030 ...
Chakraborty B - - 2010
Energy metabolism of Leishmania donovani parasite has been investigated under conditions imitating intralysosomal-like environment in the host organism. Trans-plasma membrane electron transport and oxygen uptake were inhibited progressively when promastigote cells were exposed to pH 5.5 and 37 degrees C. A special feature of the respiratory chain in amastigote was ...
Bulmer David M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Exposure of pig laryngeal mucosa to pepsin and acid will have a differential damaging effect depending on the anatomical site, mirroring the effects seen in the human larynx in laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). This study aims to quantitate damage caused to laryngeal tissue by acid alone, and acid and pepsin, ...
Lee KiBeom - - 2010
We report the acid tolerance response and changes in the level of protein expression of probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri subjected to transient (1.5 h) acid stress at pH 3.0. Sixteen acid-responsive proteins were identified by peptide mass fingerprinting including members of five broad functional categories: metabolism, transcription/translation, DNA replication/repair, transport and ...
Cavalcanti Alessandro Leite - - 2010
To evaluate in vitro the endogenous pH, titratable acidity and total soluble solid content (TSSC) of mouthwashes available in the Brazilian market. The study sample was composed of 10 commercial brands of mouthwashes based on different active ingredients: Cepacol(R), Clinerize(R), Equate(R), Listerine Cool Citrus(R), Oral-B(R), Periogard(R), Peroxyl(R), Plax Overnight(R), Prevident ...
Betancourt Tania T Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78741, - - 2010
Effective oral delivery of proteins is impeded by steep pH gradients and proteolytic enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as low absorption of the proteins into the bloodstream because of their size, charge, or solubility. In this work, pH-responsive complexation hydrogels of poly(itaconic acid) (PIA) with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) ...
Kenawy El-Refaie - - 2010
Segmented polyurethanes containing azo aromatic groups in the main chain were synthesized by reaction of 3,3'-azobis(6-hydroxybenzoic acid) (ABHB), 5-[4-(hydroxyphenyl)azo] salicylic acid (HPAS), and 5-[1-hydroxynaphthyl)azo] salicylic acid (HNAS) with hexamethylenediisocyanate (HDI). All synthesized monomers and polymers were characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, 1H-NMR spectra, TGA and DSC analysis. All the synthesized ...
Fissore Eliana N - - 2010
Chemical and rheological characteristics of fractions enriched in soluble dietary fiber are reported. These fractions were obtained through acid hydrolysis of butternut (Cucurbita moschata Duch ex Poiret) and red beet (Beta vulgaris L. var. conditiva) cell wall enriched powders. Hydrolysis was performed using citric acid at different pH values and ...
Kuligowski Ksawery - - 2010
Ash from thermally gasified piggery waste (GA) was treated with sulphuric acid (H(2)SO(4)) using two extraction methods. First different loads (0.39-0.98 kg H(2)SO(4)/kg ash) and concentrations (0.2-2M) were used in 3h extraction. Second, titration of 1:25 (w/w) ash:water suspension was conducted with 4M H(2)SO(4) to determine ash buffer capacity at ...
Louisse Jochem - - 2010
Embryotoxicity of glycol ethers is caused by their alkoxyacetic acid metabolites, but the mechanism underlying the embryotoxicity of these acid metabolites is so far not known. The present study investigates a possible mechanism underlying the embryotoxicity of glycol ether alkoxyacetic acid metabolites using the methoxyacetic acid (MAA) metabolite of ethylene ...
Johno Hisashi - - 2010
Formazan assay has been used for several decades to evaluate metabolic activity of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. In particular, it has been often applied for quantitative assessment of viable cells under acidic circumstances caused by, e.g., ischemia and hypoxia. However, little attention has been paid to the influence of acidic ...
Broadbent Jeff R - - 2010
This study investigated features of the acid tolerance response (ATR) in Lactobacillus casei ATCC 334. To optimize ATR induction, cells were acid adapted for 10 or 20 min at different pH values (range, 3.0 to 5.0) and then acid challenged at pH 2.0. Adaptation over a broad range of pHs ...
Ramani K - - 2010
An isolate exhibiting high extracellular lipolytic activity was identified as Pseudomonas gessardii by 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis. The slaughterhouse waste, goat tallow, was used as a lipid substrate for the production of acidic lipase by P. gessardii. The maximum lipase activity of 156 U/ml was observed at an acidic ...
Teh E-Jen - - 2010
Adsorbed low molecular weight charged molecules are known to give rise to a range of surface forces that affect the rheological behavior of oxide dispersions. The behavior of dicarboxylic acid bolaform compounds in alumina slurry was investigated to determine the influence of the molecular structure on the nanoscale interactions between ...
Ayazi Shahin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with respiratory and laryngeal symptoms are commonly referred for evaluation of reflux disease as a potential cause. Dual-probe pH monitoring is often performed, although data on normal acid exposure in the proximal esophagus are limited because of the small number of normal subjects and inconsistent placement of the ...
Soltanizadeh Nafiseh - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare the nutritional values of camel semitendinosus muscles with those of calves. Then, sausages were made from camel meat, beef and equal proportions of each and stored at 4 degrees C for 45 days. The composition, physicochemical characteristics, sensory properties, and microstructure of ...
Zaini Nurul Aqilah Mohd - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the level of preservatives and microbiological loads in various brands of commercially available chili bo (paste). Fifteen different brands of chili bo obtained from the local market and hypermarkets were analyzed for pH, moisture and benzoic acid content, microbiological loads (aerobic, anaerobic, ...
Rasheed Arun - - 2010
The gastrointestinal toxicity associated with aceclofenac can be reduced by condensing its carboxylic acid group with methyl esters of amino acids like histidine and alanine to give amide linkage by the Schotten-Baumann method. Physicochemical characterization of the conjugates was carried out by various analytical and spectral methods. The synthesized conjugates ...
Yang Jinli - - 2010
Following screening of 4 strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E32511, E318N, H4420N, and R508N) for acid tolerance, strain H4420N was selected for further study into the influence of pH on bactericidal activity of 6 fatty acids (capric, lauric, palmitic, oleic, linoleic, and linolenic). Strain H4420N was cultured for 6 h ...
Matsui Robert R Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, 124 Edward St., Toronto, ON, M5G 1G6, Canada. - - 2010
Since its discovery in 1924 by J Clarke, Streptococcus mutans has been the focus of rigorous research efforts due to its involvement in caries initiation and progression. Its ability to ferment a range of dietary carbohydrates can rapidly drop the external environmental pH, thereby making dental plaque inhabitable to many ...
Schlenk Andrea - - 2010
3-Acyltetramic acids, including delicate 3-oligoenoyl derivatives, such as the Penicillium metabolite ravenic acid, were prepared in two high-yielding steps. Reaction of tetramic acids with the ylide Ph(3)PCCO afforded exclusively the corresponding 3-acylylidenetetramic acids. These were amenable to Wittig olefinations with aliphatic, aromatic, saturated and unsaturated aldehydes after deprotonation with KOtBu. ...
Cebrián G - - 2010
The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to develop stress resistance responses was investigated. Exponential growth phase cells of S. aureus CECT 4459 were exposed to sublethal conditions (acid and alkaline pH, hydrogen peroxide, and heat) and then the acquisition of resistance to acid (pH 2.5), alkali (pH 12.0), hydrogen peroxide (50mM), ...
Li Yecong - - 2010
The effect of pH on hydrogen production from liquid swine manure supplemented with glucose by a mixed culture of fermentative bacteria in an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor was evaluated in this study. At 37 +/- 1 degrees C, five pH values ranging from 4.7 to 5.9 at an increment of ...
Steele Terry W J - - 2010
PURPOSE: Improved polycation-based non-viral DNA vectors were sought by preparing dendrimers with polyethylenimine cores surrounded by various shells incorporating structural features intended to facilitate steps in transfection mechanisms. Dendrimeric vectors were designed with (a) an outer oligocation shell, intended to facilitate DNA release inside cells, (b) a hydrophobic C-16 alkyl ...
Cui Zhong-Kai - - 2010
The phase behavior of mixtures formed with palmitic acid (PA) and one of the following sterols (dihydrocholesterol, ergosterol, 7-dehydrocholesterol, stigmasterol and stigmastanol), in a PA/sterol molar ratio of 3/7, has been characterized by IR and (2)H NMR spectroscopy at different pH. Our study shows that it is possible to form ...
Colin Damien Yann - - 2010
Cystic fibrosis is associated with pancreatic insufficiency and acidic intraluminal conditions that limit the action of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, especially that of lipase. Directed evolution combined with rational design was used in the aim of improving the performances of the human pancreatic lipase at acidic pH. We set up ...
Deshmukh Manjeet M Department of Pharmaceutics, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to identify a camptothecin (CPT) prodrug with optimal release and cytotoxicity properties for immobilization on a passively targeted microparticle delivery system. A series of alpha-amino acid ester prodrugs of CPT were synthesized, characterized, and evaluated. Four CPT prodrugs were synthesized with increasing aliphatic ...
Furukawa Fumiya - - 2010
Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, is easily acclimated to highly acidic water, and thus presents a useful model to unravel endocrine regulation of adaptation to acidic water in fish. We analyzed gene expression of somatolactin (sl), growth hormone (gh) and prolactin (prl), in the pituitary gland and size distribution of mitochondria-rich ...
Lagzi Istv?n - - 2010
Droplets emitting surface-active chemicals exhibit chemotaxis toward low-pH regions. Such droplets are self-propelled and navigate through a complex maze to seek a source of acid placed at one of the maze's exits. In doing so, the droplets find the shortest path through the maze. Chemotaxis and maze solving are due ...
Speake P F - - 2010
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE) activity regulates intracellular pH (pH(i)) in the placental syncytiotrophoblast. In other tissues aldosterone and cortisol have been shown to up-regulate NHE activity via an acute, non-genomic effect. Here we tested the hypothesis that these corticosteroids stimulate NHE in the syncytiotrophoblast. Villous fragments from term placentas were loaded ...
Birk Tina - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine whether marination of chicken meat in different food ingredients can be used to reduce populations of Campylobacter jejuni. C. jejuni strains were exposed to different organic acids (tartaric, acetic, lactic, malic, and citric acids) and food marinating ingredients at 4 degrees C ...
Yang Qiong - - 2010
Ceramidases catalyze the hydrolysis of ceramides to generate sphingosine (SPH) and fatty acids, and ceramide metabolism is implicated in various biological responses in Drosophila melanogaster. Here we report the cloning, biochemical characterization, and functional analysis of a Drosophila alkaline ceramidase (Dacer). Dacer, a membrane-bound protein of 284 amino acids, shares ...
Wei Maochen - - 2010
Microbial generation of nocathiacin acid from nocathiacin I by manipulating enzymatic activities related to C-terminal dehydroalanine hydrolysis in Amycolatopsis fastidiosa LCB1001 was investigated by comparing the effects of various factors including metal ions, amino acid precursors and starting pH on the transformation. CuCl(2) and cysteine significantly increased bioconversion yields, and ...
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