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Results 251 - 300 of 3175
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Cebolla-Cornejo Jaime - - 2011
Taste and aroma related compounds have been analyzed in a collection of four traditional varieties and two tomato hybrids, representing a wide variability in fruit shape and color, grown in different environments: screenhouse and open field. Protected cultivation tended to show lower sugar concentration (fructose and glucose) but similar acid ...
Carratore R Del - - 2011
n-Dodecane and fatty acids were good inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP) and the ω-hydroxylase of lauric acid, which is a marker for ω-hydroxylation of n-alkanes, in Trichoderma harzianum. A cDNA, containing an ORF of 1520 bp, encoding a CYP52 of 520 amino acids, was isolated by RACE. Another n-alkane-inducible CYP was ...
Kosel Mandy - - 2011
Caenorhabditis elegans harbors several cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes that are homologous to mammalian CYP isoforms important to the production of physiologically active arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites. We tested the hypothesis that mammals and C. elegans may share similar basic mechanisms of CYP-dependent eicosanoid formation and action. We focused on CYP33E2, ...
Sridar Chitra C Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, 1150 W. Medical Center Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5632, - - 2011
Anandamide is an arachidonic acid-derived endogenous cannabinoid that regulates normal physiological functions and pathophysiological responses within the central nervous system and in the periphery. Several cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms metabolize anandamide to form hydroxylated and epoxygenated products. Human CYP2B6 and CYP2D6, which are expressed heterogeneously throughout the brain, exhibit clinically ...
Chen Junyi - - 2011
Objective To detect the recombinant intermediates of hepatitis B virus (HBV) between genotype B and C in vitro. Methods Vector Plenti6/V5-D-topo-X was genetically modified by genotype B and C to transfect HepG2 cells. Then the HepG2 cells were amplified and sequence of the nucleic acid after the transinfection was tested ...
Bleif Sabrina - - 2011
The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase CYP106A2 from Bacillus megaterium ATCC 13368 catalyzes hydroxylations of a variety of 3-oxo-Δ(4) -steroids such as progesterone and deoxycorticosterone (DOC), mainly in the 15β-position. We combined a high-throughput screening and a rational approach for identifying new substrates of CYP106A2. The diterpene resin acid abietic acid was ...
Mujawar Shahid A - - 2011
The present study was carried out to evaluate the occurrence of association between homocysteine, folic acid and vitamin B(12) in patients with preeclampsia. Fifty preeclamptic patients from gynecology ward were studied for estimation of serum homocysteine, folic acid and vitamin B(12) over a period of October 2007 to June 2010. ...
Martínez-Lozano P - - 2011
A series of fatty acids among other compounds have recently been detected in breath in real time by secondary electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (SESI-MS) (Martínez-Lozano P and Fernández de la Mora J 2008 Anal. Chem. 80 8210). Our main aim in this work was to (1) quantify their abundance in ...
Zhong Runsheng - - 2011
Particle surface characteristics, floc recoverability and fractal structure of alum-kaolin flocs were investigated using in situ particle image velocimetry (PIV) and microbalance with or without humic acid. Experimental results indicated that the zeta potential of kaolin particle surface after adsorption of humic acid was related with humic acid concentration and ...
Holzer P - - 2011
Acidosis in the gastrointestinal tract can be both a physiological and pathological condition. While gastric acid serves digestion and protection from pathogens, pathological acidosis is associated with defective acid containment, inflammation and ischaemia. The pH in the oesophagus, stomach and intestine is surveyed by an elaborate network of acid-sensing mechanisms ...
Kopf Jessica - - 2011
Inhibition of recombinant D-amino acid oxidase from Trigonopsis variabilis (TvDAAO) activity in the presence of different sodium salts and potassium chloride is reported. A competitive inhibition pattern by sodium chloride was observed, and an inhibition constant value of K(i) = 85 mM was calculated. Direct connection of NaCl inhibition with FAD ...
Badurdeen Shiraz - - 2011
The authors present the youngest reported case of a single oral overdose of methotrexate in an otherwise well 19-month-old child who was treated with delayed folinic acid rescue. Initial history revealed possible ingestion of up to 10 tablets, each containing 2.5 mg of methotrexate. The peak methotrexate level was 0.67 ...
Fukuyama Takahide - - 2011
The Koch-Haaf reaction of adamantanols was successfully carried out in a microflow system at room temperature. By combining an acid-tolerant hastelloy-made micromixer, a PTFE tube, and a hastelloy-made microextraction unit, a packaged reaction-to-workup system was developed. By means of the present system, the multigram scale synthesis of 1-adamantanecarboxylic acid was ...
Eker Bilge - - 2011
A supramolecular platform based on self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) has been implemented in a microfluidic device. The system has been applied for the sensing of two different analyte types: biologically relevant phosphate anions and aromatic carboxylic acids, which are important for anthrax detection. A Eu(III)-EDTA complex was bound to β-cyclodextrin monolayers ...
Manzoli Alexandra - - 2011
A low-cost sensor array system for banana ripeness monitoring is presented. The sensors are constructed by employing a graphite line-patterning technique (LPT) to print interdigitated graphite electrodes on tracing paper and then coating the printed area with a thin film of polyaniline (PANI) by in-situ polymerization as the gas-sensitive layer. ...
Pipkorn Ruediger - - 2011
In the near future personalized medicine with nucleic acids will play a key role in molecular diagnostics and therapy, which require new properties of the nucleic acids, like stability against enzymatic degradation. Here we demonstrate that the replacement of nucleobases with PNA by functional molecules harbouring either a dienophile or ...
Wijagkanalan Wassana - - 2011
Targeted gene delivery via selective cellular receptors has been realized as a crucial strategy for successful gene therapy by maximizing therapeutic efficiency in target cells and minimizing systemic toxicity. The membrane carbohydrate-binding proteins (membrane lectins) with different carbohydrate specificities are differentially expressed on the cellular and intracellular membranes of a ...
Albrecht Remy - - 2010
The humification of organic matter during composting was studied by the quantification and monitoring of the evolution of humic substances (Humic Acid-HA and Fulvic Acid-FA) by UV spectra deconvolution (UVSD) and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) methods. The final aim of this work was to compare UVSD to NIRS method, already ...
Hassan Ashraf Aly - - 2010
Trickle Bed Air Biofilters (TBABs) are considered to be economical and environmental-friendly for treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Hydrophilic VOCs are easily degradable while hydrophobic ones pose a great challenge for adequate treatment due to the transfer of the VOC to the liquid phase. In this study the utilization ...
Van Bogaert Inge N A - - 2011
Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are a diverse collection of enzymes acting on various endogenous and xenobiotic molecules. Most of them catalyse hydroxylation reactions and one group of possible substrates are fatty acids and their related structures. In this minireview, the significance of P450s in microbial fatty acid conversion is described. ...
Majumdar Sangita - - 2012
Earlier, we proposed that the ability of folic acid and vitamin B(12) to preserve systemic and mitochondrial function after short-term exposure to arsenic may prevent further progression to more permanent injury and pathological changes leading to cell death. To elucidate its mechanism, the present study examined the antiapoptotic efficacy of ...
Cheng Yunfeng - - 2010
The boronic acid group is an important recognition moiety for sensor design. Herein, we report a series of isoquinolinylboronic acids that have extraordinarily high affinities for diol-containing compounds at physiological pH. In addition, 5- and 8-isoquinolinylboronic acids also showed fairly high binding affinities towards D-glucose (K(a)=42 and 46 M(-1), respectively). ...
Sineva Elena V - - 2010
Living species inhabiting ocean deeps must adapt to high hydrostatic pressure. This adaptation, which must enable functioning under conditions of promoted protein hydration, is especially important for proteins such as cytochromes P450 that exhibit functionally important hydration-dehydration dynamics. Here we study the interactions of substrates with cytochrome P450-SS9, a putative ...
Goo Tyralee - - 2010
Luminal amino acids and lack of luminal acidity as a result of acid neutralization by intragastric foodstuffs are powerful signals for acid secretion. Although the hormonal and neural pathways underlying this regulatory mechanism are well understood, the nature of the gastric luminal pH sensor has been enigmatic. In clinical studies, ...
Wu Ren-Ren - - 2010
The promotion of hexadecane biodegradation activity by an n-alkane degrading strain of Burkholderia cepacia (GS3C) with yeast extract amendment was studied using various carbon, nitrogen, vitamin, and amino acid amendments. Cytochrome P450 monooxygenase enzymes play a very important role and are especially required to introduce oxygen in n-alkane degradation. These ...
Aghofack-Nguemezi Jean - - 2011
Plant genomes contain a vast number of oxygenase genes, but only very few have been functionally characterized. To devise an alternative method for the detection of novel oxygenase-catalysed reactions the effects of the cytochrome P450 oxygenase inhibitors 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT) and tetcyclacis (TET) have been examined by metabolite profiling analysis in ...
Amani T - - 2011
Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are key intermediates in anaerobic digestion. Enriched acetogenic and methanogenic cultures were used for syntrophic anaerobic digestion of VFAs in a high-load continuous reactor fed with acetic (HAc), propionic (HPr) and butyric (HBu) acids at maximum concentrations of 5, 3 and 4g/L, respectively. Interactive effects of ...
Genovese S - - 2011
Previous studies demonstrated that natural prenyloxyphenylpropanoid derivatives have potent biological properties like anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo. Additionally they are extremely safe and associated with low toxicity, making them excellent candidates as chemopreventive agents. However, so far only little is known about possible interactions with isoforms of cytochrome ...
Oni A O - - 2011
The nutritive value of leaves of four varieties of cassava - MS 6, TMS 30555, Idileruwa and TMS 30572 was evaluated based on their chemical composition and in vitro fermentation. Crude protein (CP) contents of cassava leaves ranged from 177 to 240 g/kg dry matter (DM), with TMS 30555 showing the ...
Leskovac Vladimir - - 2010
In this communication, the correlation of some thermodynamic properties of structurally similar biological compounds with items such as the number of carbon atoms or the number of its characteristic groups, such as phosphates, was applied to enzyme thermodynamics, to advance the thermodynamics of fatty acid degradation. It was shown that ...
Zhao Lifang - - 2010
Triacylglycerols (TAGs) are major storage materials that accumulate in developing seeds and serve as carbon and energy reserves for germination and growth of the seedling. One of the critical reactions in TAG biosynthesis is activation of fatty acyl chains to fatty acyl CoAs, catalyzed by long-chain acyl CoA synthetases (LACSs). ...
Hu Gang - - 2010
The bell-shaped rate-pH curve coupled to production of base in the urea-urease reaction was utilized to give feedback-driven behavior: an acid-to-base pH clock (a kinetic switch), bistability and hysteresis between an acid/base state when the initial pH was adjusted by a strong acid, and aperiodic pH oscillations when the initial ...
Liu Li - - 2010
Osteoblasts synthesize bone in polarized groups of cells sealed by tight junctions. Large amounts of acid are produced as bone mineral is precipitated. We addressed the mechanism by which cells manage this acid load by measuring intracellular pH (pHi) in non-transformed osteoblasts in response to weak acid or bicarbonate loading. ...
Chu Zonglin - - 2010
A novel pH-switchable wormlike micellar system was prepared by mixing N-erucamidopropyl-N,N-dimethylamine and maleic acid with molar ratio of 2 : 1. The viscosity of the micellar solution is switchable via tuning the pH through the addition of minor acid or base. Such a system possesses the characteristics of a facile, ...
Lee Eunmi - - 2010
pH-Responsive P(MAA-co-EGMA) hydrogel microparticles were prepared and their feasibility as intelligent delivery carriers was evaluated. P(MAA-co-EGMA) hydrogel microparticles were synthesized via dispersion photopolymerization. There was a drastic change in the swelling ratio of P(MAA-co-EGMA) microparticles at a pH of ~ 5 and, as the amount of MAA in the hydrogel ...
Leng Wenguang - - 2010
Styrene-acrylic acid copolymer was synthesized via solution polymerization and then sulfonated by concentrated sulfuric acid. This sulfonated copolymer displays an obvious pH-responsive color change in aqueous solutions (1 g/L) from yellow (pH <6) to khaki (pH 6 to 7)/red (pH 7 to 8) to purple (pH >8). This response is ...
Kaiser Mary A - - 2010
This paper integrates perspectives from analytical chemistry, environmental engineering, and industrial hygiene to better understand how workers may be exposed to perfluorinated carboxylic acids when handling them in the workplace in order to identify appropriate exposure controls. Due to the dramatic difference in physical properties of the protonated acid form ...
Vatsyayan Preety - - 2011
The stability (half-life, t(½)) of the large catalase (CAT) isolated from Aspergillus terreus was decreased under acidic conditions (maximum t(½) approximately 8.5 months at pH ≤ 6) versus alkaline conditions (t(½) approximately 15 months at pH 8-12). Acidic conditions induce the dissociation of haem from CAT, as revealed from a ...
Benjannet Suzanne - - 2010
PCSK9, a target for the treatment of dyslipidemia, enhances the degradation of the LDL receptor (LDLR) in endosomes/lysosomes, up-regulating LDL-cholesterol levels. Whereas the targeting and degradation of the PCSK9-LDLR complex are under scrutiny, the roles of the N- and C-terminal domains of PCSK9 are unknown. Although autocatalytic zymogen processing of ...
Agger Jane - - 2011
Corn bran is mainly made up of the pericarp of corn kernels and is a byproduct stream resulting from the wet milling step in corn starch processing. Through statistic modeling this study examined the optimization of pretreatment of corn bran for enzymatic hydrolysis. A low pH pretreatment (pH 2, 150°C, ...
Hegedú S Attila - - 2010
  The fruit quality parameters and antioxidant capacity (ferric reducing antioxidant power, FRAP) and total phenolic content (TPC) were determined in 27 apricot cultivars and hybrids of diverse origins. Twenty one- to 35-fold variations were measured among FRAP and TPC values. Besides genotype, harvest year also contributed significantly (P ≤ 0.05) ...
Swietach P P Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2010
In this review, we discuss the role of the tumour-associated carbonic anhydrase isoform IX (CAIX) in the context of pH regulation. We summarise recent experimental findings on the effect of CAIX on cell growth and survival, and present a diffusion-reaction model to help in the assessment of CAIX function under ...
Lüdecke Claudia - - 2010
The ecological importance of Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria (FeOB) at circumneutral pH is often masked in the presence of O(2) where rapid chemical oxidation of Fe(II) predominates. This study addresses the abundance, diversity and activity of microaerophilic FeOB in an acidic fen (pH ∼ 5) located in northern Bavaria, Germany. Mean O(2) ...
Montero J A - - 2010
Interdigital tissue regression during embryonic development is one of the most representative model systems of morphogenetic cell death, but the degenerative cascade accounting for this process awaits clarification. Although the canonical apoptotic caspase pathway appears to be activated in the interdigital mesenchyme committed to die, neither genetic nor chemical blockage ...
Shellis R P - - 2010
The aims of this study were to determine the effects of pH and acid concentration on the dissolution of enamel, dentine, and compressed hydroxyapatite (HA) in citric acid solutions (15.6 and 52.1 mmol l(-1) ; pH 2.45, 3.2, and 3.9), using a pH-stat system. After an initial adjustment period, the ...
Martinez A R AR Center for Oral Biology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2010
Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus are considered the primary organisms responsible for human dental caries. The ability to generate acids and to adapt to low pH conditions is directly associated with the cariogenic potential of these bacteria. To survive acidic conditions, both species have been shown to mount an acid-tolerance ...
Zhou J - - 2011
Aims:  A major problem in industrial fermentation of organic acids with micro-organisms is to ensure a suitable pH in the culture broth. To circumvent this problem, we investigated the effect of citrate, which is a widely used auxiliary energy co-substrate, on cell growth, organic acid production and pH homeostasis among ...
Rodríguez-Llansola Francisco - - 2010
A structurally simple low molecular weight hydrogelator derived from isophthalic acid forms robust pH-responsive hydrogels capable of highly efficient and selective dye adsorption.
Linhares Iara M - - 2011
Ever since the pH of the vagina was found to be much more acidic than blood and interstitial fluids, a belief going back more than a century has persisted that the vagina is protected from pathogenic organisms by the high level of hydronium ions present. A corollary of this belief ...
Jin Junhua - - 2011
The acid adaption is commonly used as a strategy to enhance the acid tolerance of bifidobacteria. However, the acid tolerance response (ATR) mechanism elicited by this method is unclear. Real-time relative-quantitative PCR was applied to analyze the changes in the expressions of ffh, uvrA, groES, and dnaK involved in the ...
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