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Results 501 - 550 of 3180
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Francavilla Charles - - 2009
A series of backbone modified and sulfonic acid replacement analogs of our topical, clinical candidate (iii) were synthesized. Their antimicrobial activities and aqueous stabilities at pH 4 and pH 7 were determined, and has led us to identify quaternary ammonium N,N-dichloroamines as a new class of topical antimicrobial agents.
Sakurai Takanobu - - 2009
Some acidic peptides are known to reduce bitterness, but the detailed mechanism underlying this effect remains to be elucidated. In this study, we analyzed the effects of acidic dipeptides on the inhibition of the human bitter taste receptor hTAS2R16. Calcium imaging analysis of HEK293T cells expressing hTAS2R16 revealed that their ...
Bardonnet Pierre-Louis - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori was isolated in 1982 and confirmed as a gastric pathogenic agent at the end of the 1980s. The present work deals with liposomes formulations in which are incorporated cholesteryl tetraethylene glycol oside as model ligands for H. pylori adhesins. This study is devoted to the behavior of liposomes ...
Kodama Takashi - - 2009
In this study, we measured the structural properties of "blue membrane", which is specific formation of a purple membrane (PM) upon acid titration or removal of cations, by the force curve measurement mode of an atomic force microscopy. The PM fragments were immobilized on a glass substrate and force curve ...
Fernández Ana - - 2009
In this study the adaptative response to heat (70 degrees C) of Enterococcus faecium using fresh and refrigerated (at 4 degrees C for up to 1 month) stationary phase cells grown in Brain Heart Infusion (BHI) buffered at pH 7.4 (non-acid-adapted cells) and acidified BHI at pH values of 6.4 ...
Michalsen Mandy M - - 2009
Metal and hydrogen ion acidity and extreme nitrate concentrations at Department of Energy legacywaste sites pose challenges for successful in situ U and Tc bioimmobilization. In this study, we investigated a potential in situ biobarrier configuration designed to neutralize pH and remove nitrate and radionuclides from nitric acid-, U-, and ...
Farinazzo Alessia - - 2009
In contrast to the three to four sequential elution steps routinely adopted for recovering proteomes adsorbed onto combinatorial peptide ligand libraries, we report here two en bloc elution systems, which are able to achieve recoveries in the order of 95% in a single step. One consists of TUC (7 M ...
Shields Joan M - - 2009
Cyanuric acid is used to stabilize free chlorine to reduce photodegradation in outdoor swimming pools. While there have been numerous studies examining its effect on the disinfection rates of bacteria and viruses, it is not known whether cyanuric acid can significantly impact the effectiveness of hyperchlorination for inactivating Cryptosporidium oocysts ...
Talaie Ramin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition that affects a large proportion of population. The aim of our study was to determine what percentages of patients with persistent heartburn on acid suppressive therapy have evidence of reflux disease while off acid suppressive therapy. METHODS: In a prospective study ...
Sharrett Zachary - - 2009
The anionic fluorescent dye, aminopyrene trisulfonic acid (APTS), was synthesized and used in a solution-based two-component glucose-sensing system comprising the dye and a boronic acid-appended viologen. The fluorescence of the dye was quenched in the presence of the viologen and the fluorescence restored upon glucose addition. An important feature of ...
Metz D C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) provide the most effective pharmacotherapy for treating acid-related disorders. However, PPIs do not completely control acid over 24 h with once-daily dosing. AIMS: To discuss limitations inherent in the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics of conventional PPI formulations, which provide a single drug release. Also, to ...
Scherer P - - 2009
A fuzzy logic control (FLC) system was developed at the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW Hamburg) for operation of biogas reactors running on energy crops. Three commercially available measuring parameters, namely pH, the methane (CH4) content, and the specific gas production rate (spec. GPR = m(3)/kg VS/day) were included. ...
Han Feng - - 2009
Carbazole-based bisboronic acids were found to be enantioselective fluorescent sensors for tartaric acid. The fluorescence response toward the enantiomers of tartaric acid at neutral pH displayed enhancement/diminishment. The sensor displays an unusual fluorescence intensity-pH relationship with diminished emission at acidic pH but enhanced emission at basic pH. Photoinduced electron transfer ...
Panchangam Sri Chandana - - 2009
Decomposition of perfluorinated chemicals is of significant interest in both scientific and industrial perspectives. Here, we report the decomposition of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) under sonication-assisted photocatalysis by utilizing commercial TiO(2) (RdH) and home-made TiO(2) (sol-gel) as photocatalysts at ambient temperature, pressure and near neutral pH with the irradiation of 254nm ...
Lee Jae-Ho - - 2009
Vesicles with polymerizable bilayers have attracted interest because of their increased robustness, which is advantageous for applications. However, to prepare such vesicles, lipids with polymerizable moieties usually need to be synthesized, and this often involves cumbersome, multistep reactions. Here, we present an alternative, simpler approach based on a commercially available, ...
Bismuto Ettore - - 2009
A molecular model of the acidic compact state of apomyoglobin (A-state) from yellowfin tuna was obtained using molecular dynamics simulations (MD) by calculating multiple trajectories. To cause partial unfolding within a reasonable amount of CPU time, both an acidic environment (pH 3 and 0.15M NaCl) and a temperature jump to ...
Decho Alan W - - 2009
Microbial mats are highly structured and diverse communities, and one of the earliest-known life assemblages. Mat bacteria interact within an environment marked by strong geochemical gradients and fluctuations. We examined natural mat systems for the presence of autoinducers involved in quorum sensing, a form of cell-cell communication. Our results revealed ...
Dey Sudip - - 2009
Environmental stress due to acidic pH of water was found to be one of the major factors leading to toxic effects on the sperm of a hill-stream fish Devario aequipinnatus of Meghalaya, India. The Scanning Electron Microscopy of the transverse section of testes of the fish collected from its natural ...
Saarela M H - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate how cell physiological functions can predict the stability of freeze-dried probiotics. In addition, the effect of the fermentation pH on the stability of probiotics was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fermenter-grown (pH 5.8 or 5.0) Lactobacillus rhamnosus cells were freeze-dried and their survival was evaluated during storage at ...
Gunathilake Roshan R Department of Dermatology, Veteran Affairs Medical Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94121, USA. - - 2009
To determine whether pigment type determines differences in epidermal function, we studied stratum corneum (SC) pH, permeability barrier homeostasis, and SC integrity in three geographically disparate populations with pigment type I-II versus IV-V skin (Fitzpatrick I-VI scale). Type IV-V subjects showed: (i) lower surface pH (approximately 0.5 U); (ii) enhanced ...
Ji Xiao-Jun - - 2009
The fermentative production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) by Klebsiella pneumoniae under different fed-batch strategies was investigated. pH-stat fed-batch strategies proved to be not effective for economical 1,3-PD production for the existence of relatively high concentration of byproducts and residual glycerol at the end of the fermentation. However, in the pH-stat fed-batch ...
Nakajo Kazuko - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Glass-ionomer cements (GICs) are known to have inhibitory effects on bacterial growth, but the biochemical mechanism of this property has not been fully understood. This study aimed to evaluate inhibitory effects of GIC on the acid production of caries-related oral streptococci, and to identify the components responsible for the ...
Vítková Martina - - 2009
The leaching behaviour of fly ash (FA) from a secondary Pb smelter was assessed using the pH-static leaching experiment according to prEN 14997 (pH range 3-11) coupled with mineralogical investigation of the leached FA by XRD and Rietveld analyses and thermodynamic modelling using PHREEQC-2. The procedure was performed on fresh ...
Fuguet Elisabet - - 2009
A new and fast method to determine acidity constants of monoprotic weak acids and bases by capillary zone electrophoresis based on the use of an internal standard (compound of similar nature and acidity constant as the analyte) has been developed. This method requires only two electrophoretic runs for the determination ...
Dhaka Ajay A Department of Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2009
Maintaining physiological pH is required for survival, and exposure to alkaline chemicals such as ammonia (smelling salts) elicits severe pain and inflammation through unknown mechanisms. TRPV1, the capsaicin receptor, is an integrator of noxious stimuli including heat and extracellular acidic pH. Here, we report that ammonia activates TRPV1, TRPA1 (another ...
Wuertz Karin K School of Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA. - - 2009
Painful degenerative disc disease is a major health problem and for successful tissue regeneration, MSCs must endure and thrive in a harsh disc microenvironment that includes matrix acidity as a critical factor. MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of Sprague-Dawley rats from two different age groups (<1 month, n=6 and ...
Han Song-Hee - - 2009
Hypoxia, inflammation, and acidity occur after bone fracture. To simplify the fracture model, we tested the effects of acidity in osteoblasts. We tested three osteoblast cell lines, MG63, MC3T3E1, and HOS cells, with MG63 cells showing much higher sensitivity to acidic pH. In physiologically acidic surroundings, pH 7.2, the endoplasmic ...
Hurtado Marcela - - 2009
The acidity-enhancing effect of BH(3) in gas-phase phosphineboranes compared to the corresponding free phosphines is enormous, between 13 and 18 orders of magnitude in terms of ionization constants. Thus, the enhancement of the acidity of protic acids by Lewis acids usually observed in solution is also observed in the gas ...
Liu X - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: P2X(7), receptors are potently inhibited by extracellular acidification. The underlying molecular basis remains unknown. This study aimed to examine the role of extracellular histidine, lysine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid residues in the functional inhibition of rat P2X(7) receptors by acidic pH. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We introduced point ...
Mahkam Mehrdad - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to develop novel intestinal-specific insulin delivery systems with pH-sensitive swelling and drug release properties. The glucose-6-acrylate-1,2,3,4-tetraacetate (GATA) monomer was prepared under mild conditions. Cubane-1,4-dicarboxylic acid linked to two 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate groups was the crosslinking agent (CA). Methacrylic-type polymeric prodrugs were synthesized by free-radical copolymerization ...
Klinke T - - 2009
Both Candida albicans and lactobacilli are common colonizers of carious lesions in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to compare the velocity of acid production between C. albicans and several Lactobacillus species at different pH levels and concentrations of glucose. Washed, pure resting-cell suspensions were obtained by ...
Chen Jui-Lin - - 2009
In the present study, Bacillus cereus 1-4-1, which is capable of causing diarrheal syndrome, was subjected to acid adaptation at pH 5.5 for 2 hours. The effect of acid adaptation on the survival of B. cereus subjected to subsequent lethal challenges at both low (4 degrees and -18 degrees C) ...
Holzer Peter - - 2009
Acidosis is a noxious condition associated with inflammation, ischaemia or defective acid containment. As a consequence, acid sensing has evolved as an important property of afferent neurons with unmyelinated and thinly myelinated nerve fibres. Protons evoke multiple currents in primary afferent neurons, which are carried by several acid-sensitive ion channels. ...
Müller Stefanie - - 2009
The ArsRS two-component system is the master regulator of acid adaptation in the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori. Low pH is supposed to trigger the autophosphorylation of the histidine kinase ArsS and the subsequent transfer of the phosphoryl group to its cognate response regulator ArsR which then acts as an ...
Lowther Jonathan - - 2009
The helminth parasite Fasciola hepatica secretes cathepsin L cysteine proteases to invade its host, migrate through tissues and digest haemoglobin, its main source of amino acids. Here we investigated the importance of pH in regulating the activity and functions of the major cathepsin L protease FheCL1. The slightly acidic pH ...
Weber Anna K - - 2009
Acidity exerts a determining influence on the composition and diversity of freshwater faunas. While the physiological implications of freshwater acidification have been intensively studied in teleost fish and crayfish, much less is known about the acid-stress physiology of ecologically important groups such as cladoceran zooplankton. This study analyzed the extracellular ...
Wilks Jessica C - - 2009
Acid and base environmental stress responses were investigated in Bacillus subtilis. B. subtilis AG174 cultures in buffered potassium-modified Luria broth were switched from pH 8.5 to pH 6.0 and recovered growth rapidly, whereas cultures switched from pH 6.0 to pH 8.5 showed a long lag time. Log-phase cultures at pH ...
Li Jing - - 2009
The saccharification process of swine manure by conventional and microwave-assisted acid pretreated were investigated using cellulose enzymes, respectively. The optima for microwave-assisted acid pretreated swine manure is achieved when swine manure of 50 g l(-1) of substrate concentration and water amount 40 ml was pretreated by 4% H2SO4 concentration with ...
Quilo S A - - 2009
Beef trimmings were treated with 3% potassium lactate (KL), 4% sodium metasilicate (NMS), 0.02% peroxyacetic acid (PAA) or 0.1% acidified sodium chlorite (ASC) or left untreated (CON). Beef trimmings were ground, pattied, and sampled for 7 days. Under simulated retail display, instrumental color, sensory characteristics, TBARS, pH, and Lee-Kramer shear ...
Shi Cheng-Yao - - 2009
Extracellular acidic pH activated chloride channels (I(Cl,acid)) have been characterized in HEK 293 cells and mammalian cardiac myocytes. This study was designed to evaluate the expression of I(Cl,acid) in RAW264.7 monocytic-macrophage and human peripheral monocytes and to investigate the effect of simvastatin on I(Cl,acid). In two kinds of cells, the ...
Neff Keil J - - 2009
Episodic stream acidification from atmospheric deposition is suspected to detrimentally impact native southern brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GRSM) headwater streams. To test the hypothesis that episodes of stream acidification cause physiological distress to native trout, caged fish at three sites were exposed to acid ...
Clarke A T AT Division of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, 44 Church Street, Western Infirmary, Glasgow G11 6NT, - - 2009
The proximal cardia region of the stomach has a high incidence of inflammation, metaplasia and neoplasia. It demonstrates less acid buffering following meals than the more distal stomach. Novel high definition pHmetry was employed to investigate acidity at the cardia under fasting conditions and in response to a meal. 15 ...
Van Nostrand Joy D - - 2008
Burkholderia vietnamiensis PR1(301) (PR1) exhibits pH-dependent nickel (Ni) tolerance, with lower Ni toxicity observed at pH 5 than at pH 7. The Ni tolerance mechanism in PR1 is currently unknown, and traditional mechanisms of Ni resistance do not appear to be present. Therefore, 2D gel electrophoresis was used to examine ...
Warren L A - - 2008
In this work, we experimentally evaluate pH and SO4(2-) dynamics associated with abiotic and microbial S2O3(2-) oxidation under varying [O2], [Fe(III)] and microbial strain/consortia (two pure strains, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans, their consortia, and two enrichments from an acidic environmental system, Moose Lake 2002 and Moose Lake 2003). Results of ...
Schauer Alexandra - - 2009
The yeast vacuole plays a crucial role in cell homeostasis including pH regulation and degradation of proteins and organelles. Class C VPS genes code for proteins essential for vacuolar and endosomal vesicle fusion, their deletion results in the absence of a detectable vacuole. We found that single gene deletions of ...
Zhou Yan - - 2008
Nitrite has generally been recognized as an inhibitor of N2O reduction during denitrification. This inhibitory effect is investigated under various pH conditions using a denitrifying-enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) sludge. The degree of inhibition was observed to correlate much more strongly with the free nitrous acid (FNA) concentration than with ...
Kaneko Kenitiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of choledochal cysts are caused by protein plugs made of lithostathine, which block the long common channel and increase pancreaticobiliary ductal pressure. Agents that dissolve protein plugs can provide relief from or prevent symptoms. In the present study, drugs reportedly effective for pancreatic and biliary stones were used ...
Giannuzzo Maria - - 2008
pH-Sensitive hydrogels of dextran were synthesized by photochemical cross-linking reaction of methacrylate dextran (DEX-MA) at different derivatization degree, functionalized with acidic residues through reaction with phthalic anhydride. The hydrogels were characterized by FT-IR spectra, swelling measurements, experiments of chemical and enzymatic hydrolyses. The swelling data agreed with the formation of ...
Neale Peta A - - 2009
The interaction of estradiol, estrone, progesterone and testosterone with environmentally relevant concentrations of Aldrich humic acid, alginic acid and tannic acid was studied using solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Since bulk organic matter and certain hormones such as estradiol and estrone contain dissociable functional groups, the effect of pH on sorption was ...
Wen Yi - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori colonizes the acidic gastric environment, in contrast to all other neutralophiles, whose acid resistance and tolerance responses allow only gastric transit. This acid adaptation is dependent on regulation of gene expression in response to pH changes in the periplasm and cytoplasm. The cytoplasmic histidine kinase, HP0244, which until ...
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