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Song Juhyun J Interdisciplinary Course of Science for Aging, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Blood or dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly ω3-PUFAs were known for cardiovascular protective effect. However, the results are still controversial. We aimed to investigate the association of serum phospholipid PUFAs with cardiometabolic risk through cross-sectional/experimental studies. Design/Methods Serum phospholipid FA compositions and cardiometabolic risk parameters were measured in controls ...
Cervellati Carlo - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate whether Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD) and Vascular Dementia (VAD) might be associated with a distinct profile of oxidative stress (OxS) peripheral markers. Serum levels of hydroperoxides, homocysteine, advanced oxidation protein products, uric acid, thiols, and total and residual antioxidant power were assessed in 103 ...
Giordano Elena E Laboratory of Functional Foods, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies (IMDEA)-Food, CEI UAM+CSIC, Madrid, - - 2013
Several lines of investigation are being developed to assess the impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids, namely those of the omega 3 series, intake on oxidative stress. Keeping in mind that there might be a dose-response relation, in vivo and in vitro data strongly suggest that omega 3 fatty acids might ...
Xu Liang L Tianjin Key Laboratory on Technologies Enabling Development of Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnostics, School of Pharmacy, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this study, poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared and chemically immobilized for the first time onto a capillary inner wall for open tubular capillary electrochromatography (OTCEC). The immobilization of PGMA NPs onto the capillary was attained by a ring-opening reaction between the NPs and an amino-silylated fused capillary ...
Cam Cynthia - - 2013
Implantation of scaffolds for tissue repair has been met with limited success primarily due to the inability to achieve vascularization within the construct. Many strategies have shifted to incorporate pores into these scaffolds to encourage rapid cellular infiltration and subsequent vascular ingrowth. We utilized an efficient chemical sintering technique to ...
Zygmunt Małgorzata - - 2013
This work aimed to investigate the effect of lipoic acid (LA) on sulfane sulfur (S*) level, infiltration of neutrophils and vascular permeability in a model of zymosan-induced peritonitis. The study showed that lipoic acid increased the sulfane sulfur level. Also, it decreased count of neutrophils and inhibition of intensity of ...
Freigang Stefan S Institute of Molecular Health Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Zurich, - - 2013
Chronic inflammation is a fundamental aspect of metabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Cholesterol crystals are metabolic signals that trigger sterile inflammation in atherosclerosis, presumably by activating inflammasomes for IL-1β production. We found here that atherogenesis was mediated by IL-1α and we identified fatty acids as potent ...
Lei Yang - - 2013
Elastin-specific medial vascular calcification, termed "Monckeberg's sclerosis," has been recognized as a major risk factor for various cardiovascular events. We hypothesize that chelating agents, such as disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), and sodium thiosulfate (STS) might reverse elastin calcification by directly removing calcium from calcified tissues into soluble ...
Bogaerta Inge Van - - 2013
The metabolism of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 ω/ω-1-hydroxylases leads to the formation of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) that is an important lipid signaling molecule involved in regulation of vascular tone, angiogenesis and inflammation. Development of a simple method to prepare 20-HETE would greatly facilitate the investigation of its biological activities. ...
Wang Yujing - - 2013
Bioresorbable coronary vascular scaffolds are about to revolutionize the landscape of interventional cardiology. These scaffolds, consisting of a poly(l-lactic acid) interior and a poly(d,l-lactic acid) surface coating, offer a genuine alternative for metallic coronary stents. Perhaps the only remaining drawback is that monitoring during implantation is limited to two X-ray ...
Limberg Jacqueline K JK Department of Kinesiology, School of Education, University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2013
Older adults with cardiovascular disease exhibit microvascular dysfunction and increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We hypothesized that microvascular impairments begin early in the disease process and can be improved by scavenging ROS. Forearm blood flow (Doppler ultrasound) was measured in 45 young (32 ± 2 yr old) adults ...
Enzonga Josiane - - 2013
Capillary electrophoresis technique coupled to laser-induced fluorescence detection (488 nm) or LED induced fluorescence (LED-IF) detection (470 nm) have been evaluated to get a cheap way to analyze the amino acids, keeping the best sensitivity. To quantitate amino acids in milk of cucurbitaceae of Sub-Saharan Africa, they have been labeled ...
Richard-Tremblay Audrey-Ann - - 2013
Recent evidence suggests that periconceptional folic acid use could not only prevent neural tube defects but also other malformations. The objectives of this study were to assess trends in dispensed high dose periconceptional folic acid (5 mg) and birth prevalence of major congenital malformations. The Quebec Pregnancy Registry, an administrative ...
Grenon S Marlene - - 2013
The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are dietary components derived from fish oil with beneficial cardiovascular effects that may relate in part to anti-inflammatory properties. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is characterized by a marked proinflammatory state. We hypothesized that the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids content of red blood cells (omega-3 index) ...
Lapinski Leszek - - 2013
Two conformers of monomeric squaric acid (3,4-dihydroxy-3-cyclobutene-1,2-dione) were studied using the matrix-isolation method. Both forms of the compound, differing in rotation of one of the OH groups by 180°, were trapped from the gas phase into a low-temperature nitrogen matrix, whereas only the lowest-energy conformer was trapped in solid argon ...
Nagasaka Hironori - - 2013
Urea cycle deficient patients with prominent hyperammonemic often exhibit abnormal production of nitric oxide (NO), which reduces vascular tone, along with amino acid abnormalities. However, information related to the metabolic changes in heterozygotes of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) lacking overt hyperammonemia is quite limited. We examined vascular mediators and amino ...
Chan-Chan L H - - 2013
Polyurethanes are very often used in the cardiovascular field due to their tunable physicochemical properties and acceptable hemocompatibility although they suffer from poor endothelialization. With this in mind, we proposed the synthesis of a family of degradable segmented poly(urea)urethanes (SPUUs) using amino acids (L-arginine, glycine and L-aspartic acid) as chain ...
Lorenzo M C - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the effect of laser irradiation and orthophosphoric acid etching on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets to enamel. Three groups (n = 20) of extracted premolar teeth were randomly established depending on the laser treatment performed on the buccal surfaces: (1) no laser (control); (2) ...
Lovegrove Julie A - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vascular function is recognized as an early and integrative marker of cardiovascular disease. While there is consistent evidence that the quantity of dietary fat has significant effects on vascular function, the differential effects of individual fatty acids is less clear. This review summarizes recent evidence from randomly ...
Servais Anne-Catherine - - 2013
The enantioseparation of acidic and neutral compounds can be successfully achieved in capillary electrophoresis (CE) using dual cyclodextrin (CD) systems. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of acidic or neutral substances using dual CD systems made up of a negatively charged CD derivative, i.e., sulfobutyl-β-CD (SB-β-CD) or carboxymethyl-β-CD ...
Marella Heather H - - 2013
The root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, is an obligate parasite which depends entirely on the host plant for its nutrition. Root-knot nematodes induce the formation of a highly specialized feeding site consisting of several giant cells surrounded by a network of vascular tissues. Nutrients, including amino acids and sugars, are transferred ...
Servais Anne-Catherine - - 2013
The enantioseparation of acidic and basic compounds can be successfully achieved in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using single-isomer charged β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) derivatives of opposite charge to that of the analytes. This chapter describes how to separate the enantiomers of three basic substances selected as model compounds, i.e., alprenolol, bupranolol, and terbutaline, ...
Davari Abdolrahim - - 2013
Background and aims. Er:YAG laser irradiation has been claimed to improve the adhesive properties of dentin; therefore, it has been proposed as an alternative to acid etching. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the shear bond strength of an etch-and-rinse adhesive system to dentin surfaces following ...
Hull Mark A MA Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, St James's University Hospital, West Yorkshire, UK. - - 2013
The strong link between inflammation and colorectal carcinogenesis provides the rationale for using anti-inflammatory agents for chemoprevention of colorectal cancer (CRC). Several naturally occurring substances with anti-inflammatory properties, used in a purified 'nutraceutical' form, including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and polyphenols such as curcumin ...
Li Hong H Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2012
The heme-containing peroxidase family comprises eight members in humans. The physiological and pathophysiological roles of heme-containing peroxidases are not well understood. Phagocyte-derived myeloperoxidase (MPO) utilizes chloride and bromide, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), to generate hypochlorous acid and hypobromous acid, potent oxidizing species that are known to kill ...
Pan Hongna - - 2012
Nerve agents are deadly threats to military and civilian populations around the world. Nerve agents cause toxicity to peripheral and central sites through the irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme that metabolizes acetylcholine. Excessive acetylcholine accumulation in synapses results in status epilepticus in the central nervous system. Prolonged status epilepticus ...
Bongen Patrick - - 2012
An efficient asymmetric synthesis of (S)-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b]furan-3-carboxylic acid (8 a) and (S)-5-chloro-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b]furan-3-carboxylic acid (8 b) was established. Key to the success was the highly stereoselective enzymatic kinetic resolution of the corresponding methyl or ethyl esters that was further developed into a dynamic process. As a reliable and fast tool for analysing the enantiomeric ...
Sarkar Rashmi - - 2012
Melasma is one of the most common and distressing pigmentary disorders presenting to dermatology clinics. The precise cause of melasma remains unknown; however, there are many possible contributing factors. It is notably difficult to treat and has a tendency to relapse. The existing and most tried topical therapy is hydroquinone ...
Schwarcz Robert - - 2012
The essential amino acid tryptophan is not only a precursor of serotonin but is also degraded to several other neuroactive compounds, including kynurenic acid, 3-hydroxykynurenine and quinolinic acid. The synthesis of these metabolites is regulated by an enzymatic cascade, known as the kynurenine pathway, that is tightly controlled by the ...
Nahab Fatta B - - 2012
Recent work exploring the use of high-molecular weight alcohols to treat essential tremor (ET) has identified octanoic acid as a potential novel tremor-suppressing agent. We used an established harmaline-based mouse model of ET to compare tremor suppression by 1-octanol and octanoic acid. The dose-related effect on digitized motion power within ...
Budha N R - - 2012
A majority of the novel orally administered, molecularly targeted anticancer therapies are weak bases that exhibit pH-dependent solubility, and suppression of gastric acidity with acid-reducing agents could impair their absorption. In addition, a majority of cancer patients frequently take acid-reducing agents to alleviate symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease, thereby raising ...
Wang Pei - - 2012
The separation of rac-o-chloromandelic acid 1 with enantiopure aryloxypropylamine via diastereomeric salt formation was investigated. (R)-o-chloromandelic acid (R)-1, a key intermediate for the antithrombotic agent clopidogrel, was obtained in 65% yield and 98% ee by Dutch resolution of rac-1 with (S)-2-hydroxyl-3-(p-chlorophenoxy) propylamine (S)-5 as resolving agent and (S)-2-hydroxyl-3-(o-nitrophenoxy) propylamine (S)-4 ...
Estévez Amalia M - - 2012
Shikimic acid, a natural compound is a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of amino acids. Consequently, this derivative is widely present in many plants and has interesting biological properties. But besides the pharmacological relevance of shikimic acid itself, it is also an intermediate in the synthesis of many drugs, being ...
Ordinola-Zapata Ronald - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. To evaluate if the incorporation of antimicrobial compounds to chelating agents or the use of chelating agents with antimicrobial activity as 7% maleic acid and peracetic acid show similar disinfection ability in comparison to conventional irrigants as sodium hypochlorite or iodine potassium iodide against biofilms developed on dentin. ...
Genovese S - - 2012
3-(4'-Geranyloxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-trans propenoic acid (4'-geranyloxyferulic acid, GOFA) is a secondary metabolite biosynthetically related to ferulic acid in which a geranyl chain is attached to the phenolic group, extracted in 1966 from Acronychia baueri Schott (Fam. Rutaceae). In the last decade the pharmacological properties of the title compound began to be characterized, ...
Geffroy-Rodier C - - 2012
Within the perspective of the current and next space missions to Mars (MSL 2011 and Exomars 2016-2018), the detection and enantioselective separation of building blocks such as the amino acids are important subjects which are becoming fundamental for the search for traces of life on the surface and subsurface of ...
Li Jinhua - - 2012
In this paper, the effects of processing parameters and constituents of treating-agent on the presence of hazardous hexavalent chromium on trivalent chromium conversion coating were studied. Results showed that shorter immersion time, lower bath pH value as well as lower working and baking temperatures retarded the presence of hexavalent chromium. ...
Millington Christopher L - - 2012
O (6)-(carboxymethyl)guanine (O (6)-CMG) and O (6)-(4-oxo-4-(3-pyridyl)butyl)guanine (O (6)-pobG) are toxic lesions formed in DNA following exposure to alkylating agents. O (6)-CMG results from exposure to nitrosated glycine or nitrosated bile acid conjugates and may be associated with diets rich in red meat. O (6)-pobG lesions are derived from alkylating ...
Lin Jinshun - - 2012
Fatty acid synthesis is a coordinated process involving multiple enzymes. Overexpression of some of these enzymes plays important roles in tumor growth and development. Therefore, these enzymes are attractive targets for cancer therapies. Antisense agents provide highly specific inhibition of the expression of target genes and thus have served as ...
Lin Jianguo - - 2012
Two novel zoledronic acid (ZL) derivatives, 1-hydroxy-4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)butane-1,1-diyldiphosphonic acid (IBDP) and 1-hydroxy-5-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)pentane-1,1-diyldiphosphonic acid (IPeDP), were prepared and labeled with the radionuclide technetium-99m in a high labeling yield. In vitro stabilities of these radiolabeled complexes were measured by the radio-HPLC analysis as a function of time, which showed excellent stability with the ...
Baruah Biswajita - - 2012
Reaction of barbituric acids with aldehydes and dihydropyridines in one pot under microwave (MW) irradiation in the absence of solvent, affords 55-82% of the 5-benzylated barbituric acids. Use of alkyl nitriles or barbituric acids with indole-3-aldehyde and dihydropyridine (DHP) afforded 3-alkylated indoles in 57-76 % yield. In each case DHPs ...
Suntimaleeworakul Wichai - - 2012
Valproic acid and meropenam is commonly co-administrated in neurosurgical patients. Meropenem potentially decreases the valproic acid level, which may cause perioperative seizure. There has been no previous report of drug interaction between valproic acid and meropenem in Thailand. The authors report a patient who faced uncontrolled seizure after co-administrated valproic ...
Boehm Ryan D - - 2012
Microneedles are needle-like projections with microscale features that may be used for transdermal delivery of a variety of pharmacologic agents, including antibacterial agents. In the study described in this paper, an indirect rapid prototyping approach involving a combination of visible light dynamic mask micro-stereolithography and micromolding was used to prepare ...
Pham Ngoc H - - 2012
A sulfonated calix[4]resorcinarene containing L-pipecolinic acid groups is investigated as a water-soluble chiral NMR solvating agent. Aromatic substrates with phenyl, indole, indane, naphthyl, and pyridyl rings are analyzed. The substrates, which are water soluble because of ammonium, hydroxyl, or carboxylate functional groups, form host-guest complexes by insertion of the aromatic ...
Pai Rama - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) represses cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (Cyp7α1) and inhibits bile acid synthesis in vitro and in vivo. Previous studies have shown that anti-FGF19 antibody treatment reduces growth of colon tumor xenografts and prevents hepatocellular carcinomas in FGF19 transgenic mice and thus may be a useful cancer target. In ...
Fanjul Carmen - - 2012
AIM: Studies in rodents have shown that leptin controls sugars and glutamine entry in the enterocytes by regulating membrane transporters. Here, we have examined the effect of leptin on sugar and amino acids absorption in the human model of intestinal cells Caco-2 and investigated the transporters involved. METHODS: Substrate uptake ...
Kwak Eun-Young - - 2012
The phenomenon known as multiple-drug resistance, whereby anti-cancer agents are expelled from cancer cells, makes it necessary to develop methods that will reliably increase the accumulation of anti-cancer agents within cancer cells. To accomplish this goal, a new model compound, Val-SN-38, was synthesized by introducing valine to SN-38, an active ...
Mendes Erlon - - 2012
Flowing of the acid mine drainage may contaminate the adjacent water bodies causing substantial changes in the aquatic ecosystem. This aspect is the most relevant problem in the southern of Santa Catarina once the contaminated areas are inserted in the watershed of the Araranguá, Urussanga, and Tubarão rivers, increasing the ...
Molčanov Krešimir - - 2012
A series of alkali salts of hydrogen bromanilic acid trihydrates (K(+), Rb(+) and Cs(+), potassium, rubidium and caesium 2,5-dibromo-4-hydroxy-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-1,4-dien-1-olate trihydrate), bromanilic acid tetrahydrate (Na(+), disodium 2,5-dibromo-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-1,4-diene-1,4-diolate tetrahydrate) and bromanilic acid dihydrates (K(+), Rb(+) and Cs(+), dipotasium, dirubidium and dicaesium 2,5-dibromo-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-1,4-diene-1,4-diolate dihydrate) were prepared and studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Their ...
Perry S F - - 2012
The goal of this study was to determine the effect of the changes in gill morphology induced by dietary salt feeding on several aspects of gill function in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss maintained in fresh water with specific emphasis on Cl(-) uptake (J(IN) Cl(-) ) and acid-base regulation. The addition ...
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