Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1170
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Leedham Simon - - 2007
Gastric acid is believed to be an important etiological factor in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus. Pulsatile acid exposure increases cell proliferation in ex vivo Barrrett's tissue and normalization of esophageal pH reverses this. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the mainstay of therapy in Barrett's esophagus, and have numerous beneficial ...
Wang Rubin - - 2007
A literature survey was conducted on herbs, their preparations and ingredients with reported liver protection activities, in which a total of 274 different species and hundreds of active ingredients have been examined. These ingredients can be roughly classified into two categories according to their activities: (1) the main ingredients, such ...
Ghayur M N - - 2007
Chewing of betel nut, the seed of Areca catechu, is associated with a host of physical and psychological effects while it is also traditionally used in constipation and hypertension. In this study, we report the cardio-selective cholinomimetic activity of the betel nut crude extract (Ac.Cr). Ac.Cr, that tested positive for ...
Yoshida Norimasa - - 2007
The etiology of esophageal mucosal injury is complex, since it may involve the reflux of gastric acid, bile acid, and pancreatic juice, external factors such as drugs and alcohol, or functional factors such as esophagogastric motility. The mechanism of esophageal mucosal injury has gradually been understood at the molecular biological ...
Dhaneshwar Suneela S - - 2007
Mutual azo prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid with l-tyrosine was synthesized by coupling l-tyrosine with salicylic acid, for targeted drug delivery to the inflamed gut tissue in inflammatory bowel disease. The structure was confirmed by elemental analysis, IR and NMR spectroscopy. In vitro kinetic studies in rat fecal matter showed 87.18% ...
Larsen Brandon T - - 2007
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), derived from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases, are potent vasodilators that function as endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors in some vascular beds. EETs are rapidly metabolized by soluble epoxide hydrolase to form dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs). Recent reports indicate that EETs have several important non-vasomotor regulatory roles in the ...
Mishra Jitendra Kumar - - 2007
A series of 3-substituted 1,4-benzodiazepin-2-ones derived from S and R amino acids were evaluated for their anti-ischemic activity in vitro. Treatment with compounds 7h, 16, 9d, and 17 decreased the apoptotic neuronal number, however increased the neuronal viability. The compounds decreasing apoptosis could protect neurons from the ischemic injury. The ...
Park Hee-Juhn - - 2007
To isolate the anti-inflammatory components in Siegesbeckia pubescens root, we performed activity-guided fractionation using a carrageenan-induced edema rat model. Antinociceptive effects were followed using acetic acid-induced abdominal constriction and hot plate tests in mice. Chloroform extract was subjected to silica gel and octadesyl silane (ODS) column chromatography, and a diterpene ...
Tunalier Zeynep - - 2007
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) known as "Tibbi hevhulma" in Turkish is used for its several beneficial health effects against as diarrhea, chronic intestinal catarrh, hemorrhoid and eczema in the form of a decoction or a fluid extract and to treat varicose veins, bleeding of the gums, hemorrhoid and eczema, externally. ...
Liguori Angelo - - 2006
Synthetic corticosteroids are widely used as anti-inflammatory agents. Mechanisms of their degradation continue to be studied. D-ring homoannulation is a well-known metabolic pathway for steroids in vivo. The rearrangement with aluminium trichloride of the commercial anti-inflammatory drugs hydrocortisone, cortisone and dexamethasone is here presented. The structures of the corresponding 17a-keto-17-hydroxy-D-homosteroids ...
Halen Parmeshwari Kuldeep Kumar - - 2006
The search for safer non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) continues with the failure of anticipated 'ideal' anti-inflammatory agents, the coxibs, on long-term usage. Increased gastric motility and acidity due to the free carboxy group are involved in the etiology of gastric toxicity, common to conventional NSAIDs. Keeping this fact in mind, ...
Tatemoto Hideki - - 2006
The present study was conducted to examine the effects of three polyphenols (tannic acid, apigenin and quercetin) on hyaluronidase activity and in vitro fertilization (IVF) parameters. Among them, tannic acid showed by far the strongest potency for blocking hyaluronidase activity extracted from preincubated boar sperm, causing a dose-dependent inhibition over ...
Tjonahen Eric - - 2006
The family of resolvins consists of omega-3 fatty acid-derived mediators, including E series resolvins generated from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and carry potent anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we report the isolation, identification, and bioactions of resolvin E2 (RvE2), which is 5S,18-dihydroxy-eicosapentaenoic acid. RvE2 stopped zymosan-induced polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte infiltration and displayed potent ...
Heo Jin-Chul - - 2006
Dykellic acid, a novel factor initially identified from the culture broth of Westerdykella multispora F50733, has been shown to inhibit matrix metalloprotease 9 activity, caspase-3 activity, B cell proliferation and LPS-induced IgM production, suggesting that this factor may have anti-cancer effects. In an effort to further address the possible anti-tumoral ...
Duffield Jeremy S - - 2006
Omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid is converted to potent resolvins (Rv) and protectin D1 (PD1), two newly identified families of natural mediators of resolution of inflammation. We report that, in response to bilateral ischemia/reperfusion injury, mouse kidneys produce D series resolvins (RvDs) and PD1. Administration of RvDs or PD1 to ...
Del Rosso James Q - - 2006
There are numerous proposed but contested components involved in the pathophysiology of rosacea, including inflammatory mediators, reactive oxygen species (ROS) released by neutrophils, and microbial components. Ideal comprehensive rosacea management should address these components. Azelaic acid (AzA), a naturally occurring substance, has many proposed mechanisms of action--antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory/antioxidant, and keratinolytic--that ...
Kupeli Esra - - 2007
Infusions of Verbascumlasianthum flowers have been used for hemorrhoids in Turkish folk medicine. In order to evaluate the scientific basis for this practice, in vivo anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities of Verbascum lasianthum Boiss. ex Bentham flowers were investigated. A methanolic extract of the flowers was shown to possess significant inhibitory ...
Szaefer Hanna - - 2007
Protein kinase C (PKC) is thought to be a major intracellular receptor for the mouse skin tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The diversity of PKC isoforms, and their central role in many signaling pathways, makes them important targets for potential chemopreventive agents. Our earlier studies showed that the plant phenols protocatechuic ...
Sivaprasad Ganesabaskaran - - 2006
A series of pyrazolylbisindole derivatives have been synthesized by reacting substituted pyrazole aldehydes with substituted indoles using phosphotungstic acid, a Keggin type heteropoly acid as catalyst. The synthesized pyrazolylbisindoles were evaluated for anti-microbial activities. The effect of pyrazolylbisindoles on the mycelial growth of plant pathogenic fungi is revealed. Entries 3c ...
Naus Peter J - - 2007
Tannic acid is an orally active plant polyphenol with potential for use as an anti-cancer agent for cholangiocarcinoma. To determine the potential use of tannic acid as an adjunct therapy, we sought to evaluate the interaction between tannic acid and chemotherapeutic agents. Cytotoxicity was assessed in malignant human cholangiocytes. Interactions ...
Bi Yi - - 2007
New 17-carboxylic acid modified 23-hydroxy betulinic acid ester derivatives were prepared and tested for cytotoxic activity on five cancer cell lines in vitro: all tested compounds showed stronger cytotoxic activity than 23-hydroxy betulinic acid and betulinic acid. In addition, compound 5a was tested for anti-tumor activity in vivo: it had ...
Okunrobo Lucky O - - 2006
Some carboxamide derivatives with potential anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties were synthesized from the reaction of phthalimido alkyl acids with benzylamine at room temperature. All the compounds synthesized were unequivocally confirmed by means of Infrared, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H and 13C), Mass spectrophotometer, and elemental analyses. The carboxamides were evaluated pharmacologically ...
Panthong Ampai - - 2007
Cissus quadrangularis, a medicinal plant indigenous to Asia and Africa, is used for many ailments, especially for the treatment of hemorrhoid. The effects associated with hemorrhoid, i.e. analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities as well as the venotonic effect of the methanol extract of C. quadrangularis (CQ) were assessed in comparison with ...
Baker Stephen J - - 2006
A series of borinic acid picolinate esters were synthesized and screened for their minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Our lead compounds were then screened for anti-inflammatory activity. From these studies, we identified 3-hydroxypyridine-2-carbonyloxy-bis(3-chloro-4-methylphenyl)borane (2g, AN0128) as having the best combination of anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. This ...
Figaro S - - 2006
Due to high levels of residual chemical oxygen demand (COD) in the effluent of molasses spentwash (MSW) after anaerobic treatment, acceptable COD levels for discharge cannot be achieved without some form of post-treatment. In this study, the particulate composition of molasses spentwash after anaerobic digestion (MSWD), is characterised as to ...
Nakhai Leila Ashtaral - - 2007
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition of the intestine with unknown etiology involving multiple immune, genetic and environmental factors. We were interested to examine the effect of total extract from Zataria multiflora Boiss, a folk medicinal plant on prevention and treatment of experimental IBD. Z. multiflora was administered ...
Hagerman, Ann E.
We examined several of the mechanisms that have been reported to enable polyphagous grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae) to tolerate ingested hydrolyzable tannins: hydrolysis, adsorption on the peritrophic envelope, and peritrophic envelope impermeability. None of these mechanisms explain the tolerance of Melanoplus sanguinipes to ingested tannic acid. In this species, tannin hydrolysis ...
Guindon Josée - - 2006
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit fatty-acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of anandamide, an endocannabinoid. It has been suggested that the mechanisms of action of NSAIDs could be due to inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) and also to an increase in endocannabinoid concentrations. In a previous study ...
Rogerio Alexandre P - - 2006
Lafoensia pacari St. Hil. (Lythraceae) is used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation. Previously, we demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effect that the ethanolic extract of L. pacari has in Toxocara canis infection (a model of systemic eosinophilia). In this study, we tested the anti-inflammatory activity of the same L. pacari extract ...
Li Guangming - - 2006
10t, 12c-CLA was shown to inhibit COX-2 expression through the NF-kappaB pathway. In the current study, conjugated nonadecadienoic acid (CNA) was shown to decrease inducible COX-2 protein and mRNA and PGE(2) release to the similar extent as 10t, 12c-CLA in Raw264.7 macrophage. However, unlike 10t, 12c-CLA, inhibition of COX-2 mRNA/protein ...
Cui Taixing - - 2006
Nitroalkene derivatives of linoleic acid (LNO2) and oleic acid (OA-NO2) are present; however, their biological functions remain to be fully defined. Herein, we report that LNO2 and OA-NO2 inhibit lipopolysaccharide-induced secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in macrophages independent of nitric oxide formation, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activation, or induction of heme oxygenase-1 ...
Gupta R C - - 2006
Taurine is a sulfur amino acid. It is found endogenously in human and several others tissues. It is significantly in high concentration in mammals. Human body contains about 0.1% of body weight as taurine. It has a number of physiological and pharmacological actions. It is also used in the therapy ...
Kinsner Agnieszka - - 2006
In contrast to the role of lipopolysaccharide from Gram-negative bacteria, the role of Gram-positive bacterial components in inducing inflammation in the CNS remains controversial. We studied the potency of highly purified lipoteichoic acid and muramyl dipeptide isolated from Staphylococcus aureus to activate primary cultures of rat microglia. Exposure of pure ...
Vasconcelos Maria Anita L - - 2006
The aim of this work was to use in vivo models to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of ursolic acid (UA) and oleanoic acid (OA), the major compounds isolated as an isomeric mixture from the crude methylene chloride extract of Miconia albicans aerial parts in an attempt to clarify ...
Yonathan Mariamawit - - 2006
In Ethiopia inflammatory skin diseases are among the most common health problems treated with traditional remedies which mainly comprise medicinal plants. In the present work, the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Cheilanthes farinosa (Forsk.) Kaulf (Adianthaceae), a fern used in many parts of Ethiopia to treat inflammatory skin disorders, were ...
Saxena Brij B - - 2006
Betulonic acid, derived from betulinol, a pentacyclic styrene, has shown a highly specific anti-prostate cancer activity in in vitro cell cultures. However, due to the lack of solubility of betulonic acid in aqueous medium, its potent anti-cancer activity in vivo has not been determined to the fullest extent. The present ...
Schwab Jan M - - 2006
Lipoxins and aspirin-triggered lipoxins are lipid mediators generated from arachidonic acid that act to reduce inflammation and promote resolution. In addition, two new families of lipid mediators were uncovered, namely resolvins (resolution phase interaction products) and protectins, which derive from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid. They possess potent anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and ...
Malpure Pankaj P - - 2006
Antioxidant potential of Aspergillus candidus MTCC 2202 broth filtrate extract was studied using different antioxidant models, whereas anti-inflammatory potential was studied using carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema model. The ethyl acetate extract at 1000 microg/ml showed maximum scavenging activity of the stable radical 1,1-diphenyl,2-picryl hydrazyl upto 96.65% (IC50=430.36 microg/ml) and scavenging ...
Jeong H-J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Alginic acid is comprised of complex polymerized polysaccharides, and can be chemically extracted from seaweed. Alginic acid has an inhibitory effect on histamine release, but its molecular mechanisms are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of alginic acid on the mast cell-mediated anaphylactic and inflammatory reaction using ...
De Felice A - - 2006
Salvia hierosolymitana (Lamiaceae) leaves were investigated for their topical anti-inflammatory properties following a bioassay-guided fractionation. The chloroform extract showed a strong inhibition of the Croton oil-induced ear oedema in mice, comparable to that of indomethacin. Phytochemical and pharmacological investigations of this extract led to the isolation of eight anti-inflammatory polyhydroxylated ...
Xiao Jin - - 2006
Nidus Vespae is the honeycomb of Polistes Olivaceous (De Geer), P. Japonicus Saussure, and Parapolybiavaria Fabricius. It is known to have a number of pharmacological effects, including antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-virus, anti-tumor and anesthetic properties. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial activity and acid inhibition properties of extracts and chemical fractions ...
Aguirre María C - - 2006
Leaf extracts of Ugni molinae Turcz. are used in the Chilean cosmetic industry on the assumption that they have decongestant, regenerative, and anti-aging properties. A bioassay-guided fractionation of this plant material showed that some extracts have potent anti-inflammatory activities. Further fractionation led to the isolation and identification of betulinic acid, ...
Nam Jung-Hwan - - 2006
This study was undertaken to produce the clinical merits of two natural antinociceptive anti-inflammatory triterpenoids which synthetic anti-inflammatory drugs do not have. The triterpenoid glycoside niga-ichigoside F1 (NIF1) and its aglycone 23-hydroxytormentic acid (23-HTA), which were isolated from the unripe fruits of Rubus coreanus (Rosaceae), reduced rheumatoid arthritis (RA) factor ...
Costa Sônia Soares - - 2006
This report describes the isolation and characterization of kalanchosine dimalate (KMC), an anti-inflammatory salt from the fresh juice of the aerial parts of Kalanchoe brasiliensis. KMC comprises the new metabolite kalanchosine (1) and malic acid (2) in a 1:2 stoichiometric ratio. Kalanchosine (1), 3,6-diamino-4,5-dihydroxyoctanedioic acid, is the first naturally occurring ...
Choi Jung-Hyun - - 2006
The anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects and sedative activities of the ethyl acetate fraction of Cynanchum paniculatum (EACP) were evaluated in mice and rats by acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, arachidonic acid-induced paw edema, cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation, formalin-induced licking time, acetic acid-induced writhing response, and pentobarbital-induced sleeping time. EACP at a ...
Gangapuram Madhavi - - 2006
Fifteen novel 1-(substituted phenylcarbonyl/sulfonylamino)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydro- pyridine-5-carboxylic acid diethylamide (7, 15) were synthesized in fair to good yields via sodium borohydride reduction of the corresponding 1-(substituted phenylcarbonyl/ sulfonylimino)-3-diethylcarbamoyl pyridinium ylides (6, 14) in absolute ethanol.
Alakurtti Sami - - 2006
Betulin (lup-20(29)-ene-3beta,28-diol) is an abundant naturally occurring triterpene and it is found predominantly in bushes and trees forming the principal extractive (up to 30% of dry weight) of the bark of birch trees. Presently, there is no significant use for this easily isolable compound, which makes it a potentially important ...
Boyé-Harnasch Mona - - 2006
In this work we present an easy and low cost in vitro filter trap assay to quickly identify direct actors on amyloid prion aggregation. We chose the recombinant purified prion protein HET-s from Podospora anserina as a reference. HET-s was labelled with a fluorophore prior to aggregation assays in a ...
Ahmed Bahar - - 2006
The aerial parts of Crotalaria emarginella Vatke (Leguminosae) has afforded two triterpenes, characterized as 3alpha-hydroxy-arbor-12-ene-28-carboxylic acid, designated as crotalic acid (1), and 2beta,3beta,21-trihydroxy-arbor-12-ene-29-carboxylic acid, designated as emarginellic acid (2). The structures of the isolated products were elucidated on the basis of spectral and chemical studies. On screening the biological activity, ...
Domínguez de María Pablo - - 2006
In recent years, the Carica papaya lipase (CPL) is attracting more and more interest. This hydrolase, being tightly bonded to the water-insoluble fraction of crude papain, is thus considered as a "naturally immobilized" biocatalyst. To date, several CPL applications have already been described: (i) fats and oils modification, derived from ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >