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Results 601 - 650 of 1171
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Unlü Serdar - - 2003
In this study, a series of (7-acyl-5-chloro-2-oxo-3H-benzoxazol-3-yl)alkanoic acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities by using the p-benzoquinone-induced writhing test and the carrageenan hind paw edema model, respectively. Acetic acid-induced peritoneal capillary permeability test and serotonin-induced hind paw edema test were also employed for the ...
D'Cruz Osmond J - - 2003
Stampidine [2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxythymidine 5'-[p-bromophenyl methoxyalaninyl phosphate], a prodrug of stavudine (STV/d4T) with improved anti-HIV activity, is undergoing development as a novel nonspermicidal microbicide. Here, we report the stability of stampidine as a function of pH, preparation of a novel thermoreversible ovule formulation for mucosal delivery, its dissolution profile in synthetic vaginal ...
Krajka-Ku┼║niak Violetta - - 2003
Tannic acid, a naturally occurring plant polyphenol, was shown to decrease the mutagenicity and/or carcinogenicity of several amines derivatives and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in rodents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of tannic acid on the activities of murine cytochrome P450 and phase II enzymes. The ...
Cardile Venera - - 2003
Propolis, a natural product derived from plant resins collected by the honeybees, has been used for thousands of years in folk medicine for several purposes. The extract that contains amino acids, phenolic acids, phenolic acid esters, flavonoids, cinnamic acid, terpenes and caffeic acid, possesses several biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, ...
Escribano Elvira - - 2003
The aim of this study was to improve the transdermal permeation of sodium diclofenac. Permeation studies were carried out in vitro using human skin (0.4 mm thick) from plastic surgery as a membrane. Four liquid formulations of 1% (w/w) sodium diclofenac were assayed: three ternary solvent systems (M4, M5, M6) ...
Patil S P - - 2003
The selective acylation of 2-methoxynaphthalene (2-MON) is commercially very important to produce selectively 2-acyl-6-methoxynaphthalene (2,6-AMON), which is a precursor to Naproxen, an anti-inflammatory drug. Most of the laboratory investigations conducted with different solid acids show that the undesirable products are formed in large quantities. Thus, various molecular modeling techniques were ...
Abena A A - - 2003
The aqueous extracts of Datura fastuosa leaves and seeds were evaluated for the analgesic effect on acetic acid-induced writhing and hot plate reaction in mice. According to the results, D. fastuosa leaves and seeds extracts at oral doses of 400 and 800 mg/kg are effective as analgesic. The analgesic activity ...
Weiss Hilton M - - 2003
The reaction of aryl alkynes with dilute methylene chloride solutions of quaternary ammonium bromide and 20% trifluoroacetic acid produces primarily the syn Markovnikov adducts of hydrogen bromide. At moderate concentrations of the bromide, the principal product is the Markovnikov anti adduct. At high concentrations of bromide, the anti-Markovnikov anti addition ...
McConathy Jonathan - - 2003
The non-natural amino acid anti-1-amino-3-[18F]fluorocyclobutyl-1-carboxylic acid (FACBC) has shown promise for tumor imaging with positron emission tomography. An improved synthesis of the precursor of anti-[18F]FACBC has been devised which demonstrates high stereoselectivity and suitability for large-scale preparations. An automated radiosynthesis has been developed which provides anti-[18F]FACBC in 24% decay-corrected yield. ...
Shimoyama Yoshihito - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the structure and activity relationships of glycyrrhetinic acid derivatives on the inhibition of hepatic and renal 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDs) in rats. Furthermore, we explored whether inflammatory effect of the derivatives is involved in the inhibition of 11beta-HSD activity. 18beta-Glycyrrhetinic acid (Ia) potently ...
Mitome Hidemichi - - 2003
3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5-epiaragusterol A (3) was synthesized from bile acid (cholic acid) as a new steroidal nuclear analogue of antitumor marine steroid aragusterol A. 7alpha-Hydroxyaragusterol A (4) was also derived from xestokerol B. The in vitro anti-proliferative activity of each of these analogues toward KB cells as well as in vivo anti-tumor ...
Aukrust P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: 3-thia fatty acids such as tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) are modified fatty acids that have been suggested to change the plasma profile from atherogenic to cardio protective. Because of its interaction with peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) we hypothesized that TTA also could have immunomodulatory properties. Based on the suggested ...
Sanbongi Chiaki - - 2003
Epidemiological and experimental studies have suggested that diesel exhaust particles (DEP) may be involved in recent increases in lung diseases. DEP has been shown to generate reactive oxygen species. Intratracheal instillation of DEP induces lung inflammation and edema in mice. Rosmarinic acid is a naturally occurring polyphenol with antioxidative and ...
Ledón N - - 2003
The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of FAM, a defined mixture of fatty acids isolated from sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum L.), was evaluated. Oral administration of this mixture showed anti-inflammatory activity in the cotton pellet granuloma assay and in the carrageenin-induced pleurisy test, both in rats, as well as in the ...
Park Kwan-Kyun - - 2003
The in vitro hydrolysis rates of steroidal anti-inflammatory antedrugs, methyl 3,20-dioxo-11beta,17alpha,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-16alpha-carboxylate (P16CM), its 9alpha-fluorinated analogue (FP16CM), and their 21-O-acyl derivatives (P16CM-acetyl, FP16CM-acetyl, FP16CM-propionyl, FP16CM-valeryl, and FP16CM-pivalyl) were investigated in rat plasma. These steroids were synthesized based on the antedrug concept. P16CM and FP16CM were hydrolyzed to inactive steroid-16-carboxylate, with half-lives ...
Simmen Bruno - - 2003
Taste responses to fructose and tannic acid were compared between great apes using the 'two-bottle test' with tests of brief duration. The taste thresholds for fructose were [10-20] mM in Pongo pygmaeus, [40-50] mM in Pan troglodytes, and [70-80] mM in Gorilla gorilla. Inhibition thresholds for tannic acid were [2.9-3.5] ...
Ling Sui-Kiong - - 2003
Enzyme inhibitory activities of 14 iridoids previously obtained from two Malaysian medicinal plants, Saprosma scortechinii and Rothmannia macrophylla, were evaluated in vitro using soybean lipoxygenase and bovine testis hyaluronidase. Most of the iridoids, including asperulosidic acid, paederosidic acid, and an epimeric mixture of gardenogenins A and B, did not show ...
Makino Toshiaki - - 2003
The leaves of Perilla frutescens Britton (Labiatae) are one of the most popular garnishes in Japan, used as an antidote for fi sh and crab meat allergy or as a food colorant. The present study was conducted to evaluate its anti-allergic effect and to identify its active constituents using mice ...
Zurier Robert B - - 2003
The marijuana plant (Cannabis sativa) and preparations derived from it have been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. It is likely that the therapeutic benefits of smoked marijuana are due to some combination of its more than 60 cannabinoids and 200-250 non-cannabinoid constituents. Several marijuana constituents, the carboxylic ...
Tapondjou L A - - 2003
Triterpenoids, ursolic acid (1) and 23-hydroxyursolic acid (2) were obtained from the hydrolysis of BuOH fraction of Cussonia bancoensis extract to test antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effect of C. bancoensis (Araliaceae). Compound 1 and 2 exhibited anti-nociceptive effects, which were determined by acetic acid-induced writhing test and hot plate test. The ...
Cambie Richard C - - 2003
The Maori people were early New Zealand settlers of Polynesian descent. The incidence of non-infectious diseases appears to have been low in these people, perhaps in part due to the presence of protective chemical constituents within their food plant supply. Three of the tropical crops they introduced are still eaten ...
Gerhäuser Clarissa - - 2003
Identification and use of effective cancer chemopreventive agents have become an important issue in public health-related research. For identification of potential cancer chemopreventive constituents we have set up a battery of cell- and enzyme-based in vitro marker systems relevant for prevention of carcinogenesis in vivo. These systems include modulation of ...
Sharma V - - 2003
Naproxen, probenecid, diclofenac, ibuprofen and indomethacin were converted to hydrazide derivatives via their methyl ester by reacting with hydrazine hydrate, which were further condensed with beta-keto esters to get the pyrazolone derivatives. The hydrazide derivatives of probenecid and diclofenac were also reacted with biphenyl acetic acid while naproxen hydrazide was ...
Nogueira C W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Ebselen, an organoselenium compound is able to modulate the inflammatory response in rodents. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of diaryl diselenides and ebselen was studied. MATERIALS: Adult male Wistar rats and albino mice were treated with diaryl diselenides and ebselen in different doses. ...
Shaaya Osnat - - 2003
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to synthesize anhydride prodrugs for prolong action to shield the carboxylic acid group from irritative effects and to temporary hydrophobize the drug so that it becomes accessible to aqueous media when the anhydride residue is hydrolyzed. METHODS: Ibuprofen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent, was ...
Xie Chenggen - - 2003
A novel flow injection procedure was developed for the determination of tannic acid in industrial wastewaters based on the enhancement by tannic acid of the chemiluminescence from luminol-K3Fe(CN)6-OH- system. The method has the merits of higher sensitivity, higher selectivity, wider linear range, simpler instrumentation. It is applicable for the determination ...
Walley Matthew - - 2003
The pathogenesis of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastroenteropathy may involve a number of key events leading to increased intestinal permeability and inflammation (topical effect) and the development of ulcers (micro-vascular effects of COX-1 inhibition and prostaglandin deficiency). Many strategies have been employed in an attempt to reduce the toxic effects ...
Liu Yunhai - - 2003
The anti-endotoxic effect of syringic acid (SA) isolated from Radix Isatidis (Banlangen, BLG) was studied. SA was extracted and isolated from BLG and diluted into 1% solution. The content of SA-pretreated endotoxin (ET) was quantitatively determined using Limulus test. The ability of fever induction of ET pretreated with SA was ...
Raku Takao - - 2003
To enhance water solubility of 10-undecylenic acid, which has anti-fungus, anti-bacterial and anti-virus activity, D-glucose, trehalose and sucrose were regioselectively esterified with vinyl 10-undecylenic acid ester in dimethyl formamide by a commercial protease, Bioprase conc., from Bacillus subtilis. 6-O-(10-Undecylenoyl) D-glucose, 6-O-(10-undecylenoyl) trehalose and 1'-O-(10-undecylenoyl) sucrose were obtained. The influence of ...
Higaki S - - 2003
We examined Propionibacterium acnes lipase in skin diseases and Unsei-in. Butyric acid production in axillary seborrheic dermatitis (ASD) was higher than in other dermatitis, and that in acne vulgaris (AV) was significantly higher than in controls. P. acnes lipase is the pathogenic factor in AV and fatty acids produced by ...
Marquis Robert E - - 2003
Fluoride is widely used as an anticaries agent in drinking water and a variety of other vehicles. This use has resulted in major health benefits. However, there are still open questions regarding the mechanisms of anticaries action and the importance of antimicrobial effects in caries reduction. Fluoride acts in multiple ...
Gómez-Taylor Corominas B - - 2002
The determination of tannic acid is performed in a FIA assembly on the basis of the analytical output obtained by oxidation of the acid. The analyte solution was daily prepared in a mixture of quinine as sensitiser and perchloric acid and it was injected into a pure water stream acting ...
Walker Katharine - - 2002
Inoculation of syngeneic MRMT-1 mammary tumour cells into one tibia of female rats produced tumour growth within the bone associated with a reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC), severe radiological signs of bone destruction, together with the development of behavioural mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia. Histological ...
Ingólfsdóttir K - - 2002
Since its first isolation in 1844, usnic acid [2,6-diacetyl-7,9-dihydroxy-8,9b-dimethyl-1,3(2H,9bH)-dibenzo-furandione] has become the most extensively studied lichen metabolite and one of the few that is commercially available. Usnic acid is uniquely found in lichens, and is especially abundant in genera such as Alectoria, Cladonia, Usnea, Lecanora, Ramalina and Evernia. Many lichens ...
Carbajo José M - - 2002
Laccase, a phenoloxidase enzyme secreted by white-rot fungi, has a significant role in the degradation of lignin and environmental pollutants. Coriolopsis gallica is a ligninolytic basidiomycete that produces high levels of this extracellular enzyme. A laccase gene cglcc1 from this fungus has been cloned and sequenced. The capacity of C. ...
Nakamura Tomoko - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to quantify the degree of suppression of the perceived bitterness of quinine by various substances and to examine the mechanism of bitterness suppression. The following compounds were tested for their ability to suppress bitterness: sucrose, a natural sweetener; aspartame, a noncaloric sweetener; sodium chloride ...
Ivanov I T - - 2002
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) elicit gastric damage through inhibition of the synthesis of prostaglandins that protect gastric cells and direct effect on mucous layer. As the latter effect is not well understood, we used acid hemolysis test in a model study on the cytotoxicity of nine NSAIDs. Human erythrocytes were ...
Castaldo Stefano - - 2002
Propolis is one of the few natural remedies that has maintained its popularity over a long period of time. The pharmacologically active molecules in the propolis are flavonoids and phenolic acids and their esters. These components have multiple effects on bacteria, fungi and viruses. In addition, propolis and its components ...
Leaver H A - - 2002
Highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) are naturally occurring anti-tumour agents. HUFAs act as intracellular signalling molecules in cell proliferation and death. In human glioma, HUFAs may stimulate tumour regression and apoptosis. An implantation glioma model, using the C6 glioma cell line, was used to investigate the bioactivity of locally infused ...
Bortalanza Léslei B - - 2002
Experiments were designed to address whether the pentacyclic triterpene tormentic acid isolated from the stem bark of the plant Vochysia divergens exerts oral anti-allodynic properties in two models of chronic pain in mice: neuropathic pain caused by partial ligation of the sciatic nerve and inflammatory pain produced by intraplantar injection ...
Bergé J P - - 2002
A sulfoglycolipidic fraction (SF) isolated from the red microalga Porphyridium cruentum was analyzed for fatty acid composition and assayed for ability to inhibit, in vitro, the generation of superoxide anion in primed leucocytes and the proliferation of a panel of human cancer cell-lines. Results demonstrated that SF contained large amounts ...
Chattopadhyay Debprasad - - 2002
Since ages Mallotus peltatus (Geist) Muell. Arg. var acuminatus (Euphorbiaceae) leaf and stem bark is used in folk medicine to cure intestinal ailments and skin infections. In several intestinal ailments, localized inflammation is of common occurrence and hence we have evaluated the antimicrobial as well as anti-inflammatory activity of M. ...
Liu Jian-Jun - - 2002
Boswellic acids are the compounds isolated from the gum resin of Boswellia serrata and have been used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases for many years in the countries of the east. Recently, a few studies showed that the acids may have anti-cancer effect on leukemia and brain tumours. We ...
Turk Gabriela - - 2002
Zidovudine (AZT) was the first nucleoside analogue licensed for the treatment of HIV infection. Efforts have continuously been made to improve the therapeutic characteristics of this drug, most of them focussed on prodrugs design. Here we describe the anti-HIV-1 activity and cytotoxicity of six novel AZT derivatives namely 3'-azido-3'-deoxy-5'-O-oxalyl-N-valinethymidine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxy-5'-O-oxalyl-N-leucinethymidine, ...
Straukas Juozapas - - 2002
Synthesis and evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity in rats with adjuvant arthritis of aryl sulfonyl derivatives of nonproteinogenic aromatic amino acids is reported. The studied compounds were synthesized by introducing residues of benzene-, p-toluene-, and p-bromobenzene sulfonic acids into threo-DL-phenylserine and erythro-DL-p-nitrophenylserine structures. From the set of 12 compounds tested in ...
Jakubkiene V - - 2002
Base-promoted hydrolysis of methyl or ethyl esters 1a-c gave the (6-methyl-2-methylsulfanyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydro-3-pyrimidinyl)- and (5-ethyl-6-methyl-2-methylsulfanyl-4-oxo-3,4-dihydro-3-pyrimidinyl)acetic acids 2a, b. Under the reaction of ester 1a or acid 2a with nucleophilic reagents a series of derivatives 3-7 of acid 2a were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity. Most of them were found to ...
Sharma Shalabh - - 2002
The new 5-bromo-N-[2'-amino(1"-acetyl-5"substitutedaryl-2"-pyrazolin-3"-yl)-1',3',4'-oxadiazol-5'-ylmethyl]anthranilic acids 7a-7e and N-[2'-amino-(1"-acetyl-5"-substiutedaryl-2"-pyrazolin-3"-yl)-1',3',4'-thiadiazol-5'-ylmethyl]anthranilic acids 6'a-6'c have been synthesised from 5-bromo-N-(2'-aminosubstituedbenzylideneacetyl-1',3',4'-oxadiazol-5'-ylmethyl)anthranilic acids 6a-6e and N-(2'-aminosubstitutedbenzylideneacetyl-1',3',4'-thiadiazol-5'-ylmethyl)anthranilic acids 5'a-5'e, respectively. All these compounds have been screened in vivo for their anti-inflammatory and acute toxicity. Compounds 7b and 6'b were found to be potent member of this series, which showed ...
Kartasasmita Rahmana E - - 2002
Nitric oxide (NO)has been reported to subserve many of the same mucosal protection mechanisms as prostaglandins and is sufficient for acute gastroprotection and ulcer healing. In fact, NO-donating NSAID hybrid compounds such as the nitrooxybutyl ester of naproxen show reduced ulcerogenic activity while maintaining anti-inflammatory activity. We introduce two prototypes ...
De Petrocellis Luciano - - 2002
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is a bioactive fatty acid amide belonging to the class of N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAEs). This compound has been known since the 1950s for its anti-inflammatory effects, but was re-discovered only after the finding that another NAE, arachidonoyl-ethanolamide (anandamide, AEA), could act as an endogenous ligand of cannabinoid receptors. Although ...
Ismaili H - - 2002
The topical anti-inflammatory activity of four extracts from Thymus broussonetii Boiss (Labiatae) leaves, a herbal drug used in Moroccan traditional medicine, has been studied using the croton oil ear test in mice. A bioassay-oriented fractionation revealed that the pharmacological activity is mainly in the chloroform extract. Fractionation and analysis of ...
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