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Banno Norihiro - - 2006
Boswellic acids are the main well-known active components of the resin of Boswellia carteri (Burseraceae) and these are still dealing with the ethnomedicinal use for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. Although several studies have already been reported on the pharmacological properties, especially on the anti-inflammatory activity, ...
Ono Kenjiro - - 2006
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (alphaS) in the brain has been implicated as a critical step in the development of Lewy body diseases (LBD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Various antioxidants not only inhibit the formation of beta-amyloid fibrils (fAbeta), but also destabilize preformed fAb in vitro. Using fluorescence spectroscopy with ...
Chi Yu-Ming - - 2006
Our recent study demonstrated that the dimeric structure of alpha-truxillic acid derivatives played an important role in the expression of their anti-inflammatory activities. In the present report, to investigate the correlation between the structure and anti-inflammatory activity, alpha-truxillic acid (1) and its derivatives (2-6), beta-truxinic acid (7) and its derivatives ...
PaƂecz Danuta - - 2006
AMP-deaminase (EC 3.5.4.6) is an enzyme responsible for stabilising adenylate energy changes. The properties of this enzyme are controlled by various ligands of hydrophobic nature. An investigation of enzyme activity alterations under the influence of natural phenolic acids (tannic, ellagic and gallic) which are soluble in water, could evidence the ...
Matsui T - - 2006
In order to evaluate the anti-hyperglycemic effect of natural compounds via the inhibition of alpha-glucosidase (AGH), the potential inhibitory effect of anthocyanins, caffeic acid analogs, and caffeoylquinic acid analogs have been reviewed. A new AGH assay system to mimic the membrane-bound AGH at the small intestine was proposed and evaluated.
Jiang Zhengjin - - 2006
The vancomycin-type glycopeptide antibiotic balhimycin (I) and its dehaloanalogue dechlorobalhimycin (III), which is characterized by the total substitution of the two chlorine atoms of I by hydrogen, were employed as chiral selectors for the enantioresolution of 11 racemic dansyl amino acids and six 2-arylpropionic acid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory racemic drugs by ...
Gorgulu Semih - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of hyperbaric oxygen alone and in combination with 5-aminosalicylic acid in the acetic acid-induced colitis model, a well-known experimental model of inflammatory bowel disease in rats. Rats were randomly divided into five groups. In the noncolitis control group, rats were ...
Bocheva Adriana - - 2006
The analgesic activity of nine substituted N-pyrrolylcarboxylic acids, previously reported as anti-inflammatory agents, has been evaluated. The effects on nociception were examined in male Wistar rats by the Randall-Selitto paw-pressure test. The compounds were administrated in doses 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg both i.p. and p.o. As a whole, the ...
Ooi Linda S M - - 2006
The ethanol extract of a biannual medicinal herb, Youngia japonica (commonly known as Oriental hawk's beard) was reported previously to have potent antiviral activity against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) cultured in HEp-2 cells. Three anti-microbial agents, namely 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, and luteolin-7-O-glucoside were subsequently purified and chemically characterized from ...
Limbut Warakorn - - 2006
A procedure was developed for the covalent coupling of anti-alpha-fetoprotein antibody (anti-AFP) to a gold surface modified with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of thiourea (TU). The performance of the SAM-antibody layer was compared to those of similar layers based on thioctic acid (TA) and 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) by using flow ...
Serhan Charles N - - 2006
Protectin D1, neuroprotectin D1 when generated by neural cells, is a member of a new family of bioactive products generated from docosahexaenoic acid. The complete stereochemistry of protectin D1 (10,17S-docosatriene), namely, chirality of the carbon-10 alcohol and geometry of the conjugated triene, required for bioactivity remained to be assigned. To ...
Del Rosso James Q - - 2006
Topical azelaic acid (AzA) is approved for the treatment of acne vulgaris and inflammatory (papulopustular) rosacea. Because of diverse mechanisms of action that correlate with potential therapeutic benefit, AzA has been used to treat several common dermatoses including acne vulgaris, inflammatory rosacea, erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, perioral dermatitis, melasma, and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. ...
Fleischer Alan B AB - - 2006
Azelaic acid (AzA) is a naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid that has a long and complex history in the treatment of skin disorders. We summarize research on AzA from the past 25 years and follow its progress from a treatment of hyperpigmentation to a therapy for acne vulgaris and inflammatory (papulopustular) ...
Ghazanfari Ghazal - - 2006
The essential oil from Satureja Khuzestanica Jamzad (SKEO), an endemic plant from Iran, was evaluated for its activity against inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). SKEO was examined on the experimental mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease, which is acetic acid-induced colitis. Prednisolone was used as the standard drug for comparison. Biochemical, ...
Sehrawat Anuradha - - 2006
Tannic acid, present in almost every food derived from plants, has been widely investigated as a chemopreventive agent because, apart from its use as a food additive, pharmacological studies have demonstrated its many health-promoting properties. In this study, we show the modulatory effect of tannic acid on 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF)-mediated hepatic ...
Habib M M - - 2006
Glycine is a non-essential amino acid which is cheap, easily available and relatively non-toxic. It is composed of a single carbon attached to an amino and a carboxyl group, with a molecular weight of 75. It is involved in the production of bile, nucleic acids, porphyrins and creatine phosphate. It ...
Pozo Mayte - - 2006
Triterpenoids are natural compounds that are found in a large variety of plants and vegetarian foods, and are used for medicinal purposes in many Asian countries. Pentacyclic triterpenes, such as ursolic acid, have been reported to exhibit anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study was designed to assess the effects ...
Vinci Floriana - - 2006
The European Union has regulated the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in animal production and requires its member states to detect their residues in different matrices. In this work, a detailed MS and MS/MS study by ion-trap mass spectrometry of fourteen NSAIDs is described. Two multi-residue reversed-phase LC/ESI-MS/MS methods ...
Zeb Alam - - 2006
Hippophae (Sea buckthorn) is a deciduous species, widely distributed throughout the world. Its important products are whole berries, leaves, juice and oil. The last two give this plant a shining name and position in medicinal plants. They contain different kinds of nutrients and bioactive substances such as vitamins, carotenoids, flavonoids, ...
You Zhengqing - - 2006
In an attempt to discover anti-HIV agents with much reduced cytotoxicity from the currently available HIV-reverse transcriptase inhibitors, AZT conjugates of cholanic acids, 2-imidazolidone-4-carboxylic acid and its derivatives, and N,N'-disubstituted 5-hydroxy-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ones have been synthesized and their anti-HIV profiles determined with CEM-SS cell line. The AZT conjugates with 2-imidazolidone-4-carboxylic acid and ...
Latini Giuseppe - - 2006
The diesters of benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic (phthalic) acid, commonly known as phthalates, are a family of industrial compounds, primarily used as plasticizers in enormous quantities for a variety of industrial uses in the formulation of plastics. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is the most commonly used plasticizer. These plasticizers are not covalently bound to ...
Aladesanmi Adetunji J - - 2006
Tetrapleura tetraptera (Schumach. And Thonn) Taub, Mimosaceae, commonly known as Aridan (fruit), A single stemmed, robust, perennial tree of about 30 m. It has a grey/brown, smooth/rough bark with glabrous yound branchlets. The flower is yellow/pink and racemes white the fruit has dark brown, four winged pods 12-25 x 3.5-6.5 ...
Tortosa E - - 2006
Tau protein pathology in Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the hyperphosphorylation of tau at some specific sites. One of these sites is serine 422 which modification has been correlated with a possible toxic effect of phosphotau in neural cells. In this work, we have found that in the presence of ...
Miedl Michaela - - 2005
The interaction of a haze-active protein (gliadin) and a haze-active polyphenol (tannic acid) was studied in a model beer system in order to investigate the principle mechanisms of haze formation at low temperatures. Low concentrations (g/L) of tannic acid, high concentrations of gliadin, and comparatively high temperatures lead to maximum ...
Nielsen A A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids given orally may reduce the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and hereby downregulate the inflammatory process. AIM: To assess the effects of enteral fatty acids, in the form of Impact Powder (Novartis, Switzerland), as adjuvant ...
Ozdal Pinar C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare the chemotactic activity induced by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), acrylic, and silicone intraocular lens (IOL) materials, regardless of the surgical and host factors. METHODS: The chemotactic effect of five different IOLs was studied using a modified multi-well Boyden chamber. Two different non-coated PMMA IOLs, a heparin-coated PMMA IOL, ...
Kim Sang-Hyun - - 2006
The discovery of drugs for the treatment of inflammatory allergic diseases such as, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and sinusitis is a very important subject in human health. Gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid), a polyphenyl natural products from gallnut and green tea, is known to have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and radical scavenging activities. ...
Ono Takashi - - 2005
OC-108 is a novel sclerosing agent for hemorrhoids, containing aluminum potassium sulfate (alum) and tannic acid as its main ingredients. In clinical studies, OC-108 injection therapy for severe internal hemorrhoids proved to be highly effective, not only on bleeding but also for prolapse, and the effects were comparable to hemorrhoidectomy. ...
Doulgkeris Christos M - - 2006
We have designed and synthesized a series of novel molecules having a residue of a classical NSAID and an antioxidant moiety, both attached through amide bonds to a known nootropic structure, an L-proline, trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline or DL-pipecolinic acid residue. The compounds were found to retain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities, to acquire ...
Ferreira A A - - 2006
Ipomoea cairica L. Sweet (Convolvulaceae) is used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of rheumatism and inflammations. Ipomoea cairica ethanolic extract (100, 300, 1000 and 3000 mg/kg; per os) induced dose-dependent reduction of response in the formalin test inflammatory phase in mice. The same dose range did not modify ...
Betterton M D - - 2005
Helicases are molecular motors which unwind double-stranded nucleic acids (dsNA) in cells. Many helicases move with directional bias on single-stranded (ss) nucleic acids, and couple their directional translocation to strand separation. A model of the coupling between translocation and unwinding uses an interaction potential to represent passive and active helicase ...
Gepdiremen A - - 2006
Leontice smirnowii is a member of the Berberidaceae family. We have recently reported the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, reducing power and metal chelating activities of L. smirnowii products. In the current study we investigated the possible effects of the crude extracts of L. smirnowii ...
Cole Greg M - - 2005
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are syndromes of aging that share analogous lesions and risk factors, involving lipoproteins, oxidative damage and inflammation. Unlike in CVD, in AD, sensitive biomarkers are unknown, and high-risk groups are understudied. To identify potential prevention strategies in AD, we have focused on pre-clinical ...
Rüegg T - - 2006
A new prenylated salicylic acid derivative, 3-farnesyl-2-hydroxy benzoic acid (1), was isolated from the leaves of Piper multiplinervium C. DC. (Piperaceae). It showed anti-Helicobacter pylori activity (MIC 37.5 microg/ml) and antimicrobial activity at MICs between 2.5 and 5 microg/ml against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
Abadi Ashraf H - - 2005
Six derivatives of the general formula 2- or 4-(7-trifluoromethylquinolin-4-ylamino) benzoic acid N'-(nitrooxyacetyl or propionyl) hydrazide and an oxime of the formula 1-[4-(7-trifluoromethylquinolin-4-ylamino)phenyl]ethanone oxime were synthesized and tested for their in vivo anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and ulcerogenic properties, as well as their in vitro nitric oxide release ability. Compound 2-(7-trifluoromethylquinolin-4-ylamino)benzoic acid N'-(2-nitrooxy ...
Joo Yuyoung - - 2006
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) exert anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activities and suppress prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of prostaglandin precursors from arachidonic acid. Epidemiological observations indicate that the long-term treatment of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis with NSAIDs results in reduced risk and delayed ...
Abreu Pedro - - 2006
Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit. (Euphorbiaceae) is a low tropical American shrub with a reported wide range of healing properties such as emetic, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, antiseptic, antihemorrhagic, antiviral, antitumoral, and abortive. In the present study, a tincture from P. tithymaloides collected in Cuba was evaluated for its in vivo anti-inflammatory activity, ...
Li Yaolan - - 2005
Schefflera heptaphylla is a popular medicinal plant in southern China. Three caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, namely 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, and 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid, were isolated from this plant and investigated for their antiviral activity against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). 3,4-Di-O-caffeoylquinic acid and 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid possessed potent anti-RSV activity. The median inhibitory ...
Hernández V - - 2005
Sesquiterpene acids are natural products that, in contrast with the thoroughly studied sesquiterpene lactones, have received little pharmacological attention. A good source of this class of compounds is Inula viscosa (Asteraceae), a plant with documented anti-inflammatory effects. The present paper gives the results of our investigations on the biochemical mechanisms ...
Banno Norihiro - - 2005
Sixteen triterpene acids, viz., five of the oleanane-type (1-5), nine of the ursane-type (6-14), and two of the lupane-type (15, 16), were isolated and identified from the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of the leaves of loquat, Eriobotrya japonica LINDL. (Rosaceae). Twelve of these compounds, 1-4, 6, 8-13, ...
Iglesias Carolina Veras - - 2005
Flavonoids are potent anti-inflammatory compounds isolated from several plant extracts, and have been used experimentally against inflammatory processes. In this work, a PLA2 isolated from the Crotalus durissus cascavella venom and rat paw oedema were used as a model to study the effect of flavonoids on PLA2. We observed that ...
Cavalcanti B C - - 2006
Copaiba oil extracted from the Amazon traditional medicinal plant Copaifera langsdorffii is rich in kaurenoic acid (ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid), a diterpene that has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, and diuretic effects in vivo and antimicrobial, smooth muscle relaxant and cytotoxic actions in vitro. This study evaluated its potential genotoxicity against ...
Butovich Igor A - - 2005
Potato tuber lipoxygenase was shown to convert 17(S)-hydro(pero)xydocasahexaenoic acid in 10,17(S)-dihydro(pero)xydocosahexa-4Z,7Z,11E,13Z,15E,19Z-enoic acid [10,17(S)-diHDHA] which was formed apparently through a double lipoxygenation mechanism. No traces of 10,17(S)-dihydro(pero)xydocosahexa-4Z,7Z,11E,13E,15Z,19Z-enoic acid were found among the reaction products. It is very likely that a described earlier "neuroprotectin D1" [or "10,17(S)docosatriene"], a novel and potent anti-inflammatory ...
Shin Min Soo - - 2005
A flavonoid molecule that showed a unique anti-HBV function was isolated from Phyllanthus urinaria. The molecular formula was determined as C14H6O8 based on FAM-MS analysis and the structure was determined by NMR. The identified flavonoid molecule, ellagic acid, showed unique anti-HBV functions. Ellagic acid did not inhibit either HBV polymerase ...
Ticli Fábio K - - 2005
Many plants are used in traditional medicine as active agents against various effects induced by snakebite. The methanolic extract from Cordia verbenacea (Cv) significantly inhibited paw edema induced by Bothrops jararacussu snake venom and by its main basic phospholipase A2 homologs, namely bothropstoxins I and II (BthTXs). The active component ...
Chi Yu-Ming - - 2005
The anti-inflammatory activities of alpha-truxillic acid (1) and 4,4'-dihydroxy-alpha-truxillic acid (2) as well as their monomer components (E)-cinnamic acid (3) and (E)-p-coumaric acid (4) were evaluated in the formalin test. alpha-Truxillic acid (1) and its derivative 4,4'-dihydroxy-alpha-truxillic acid (2) exhibited significant activity against inflammatory pain response, while their monomer components ...
LaBuda Christopher J - - 2006
Nitric oxide generated by the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms contributes to pain processing. The selective inhibition of iNOS might represent a novel, therapeutic target for the development of antinociceptive compounds. However, few isoform-selective inhibitors of NOS have been developed. The present experiments examined the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of ...
Lizarraga Ignacio - - 2006
The level within the central nervous system where non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) produce analgesia and the mechanisms by which they mediate this effect are still uncertain. This study assessed the central analgesic effects of ketoprofen, phenylbutazone, salicylic acid and tolfenamic acid in sheep implanted with indwelling intrathecal (i.t.) catheters and ...
Mandeau Anne - - 2005
The apolar fraction of the crude alcoholic extract of the sponge Euryspongia n. sp. was shown to display anti-inflammatory activity. Bioassay guided chromatographic purification led to the isolation of a known compound petrosterol (1) of 3beta-hydroxy-24-norchol-5-en-23-oic acid (2), which has never yet been found as a natural substance, and of ...
Achiwa Yumiko - - 2005
We studied the effect of ursolic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene acid, on the growth of poorly differentiated type endometrial cancer HEC108 cells in vitro. Ursolic acid strongly inhibited the growth of HEC108 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Morphological changes characteristic of apoptosis were observed in ursolic acid-treated cells, ...
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