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Batista Elenilze Figueiredo - - 2011
Chemical investigation of extracts from the stems and leaves of Alchorneopsis floribunda Müll. Arg., collected in the Amazon region, was performed. The main isolated compounds were triterpenes (α-amyrin, β-amyrin, lupeol, betulin, betulinic acid, uvaol, erythrodiol and oleanolic acid) and phenolic acid derivatives from 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (gallic and protocatechuic acids and ...
Shao Suqin - - 2011
A comparative metabolomic analysis was conducted on Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells with and without patulin treatment using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based approach. A total of 72 metabolites were detected and compared, including 16 amino acids, 29 organic acids and alcohols, 19 sugars and sugar alcohols, 2 nucleotides, and 6 miscellaneous compounds. Principle ...
Kim Ji Eun - - 2011
Leuconostoc mesenteroides is a commercially important lactic acid bacterium currently used as a starter for kimchi and kefir. However, its sensitivity to acid stress limits its performance. L. mesenteroides was grown in a medium supplemented with 3.2 or 6.4 mM glutathione (GSH), and cell survival rates were measured during a long-term ...
Zhou Zhi-You - - 2011
Butylphenyl-functionalized Pt nanoparticles (Pt-BP) with an average core diameter of 2.93 ± 0.49 nm were synthesized by the co-reduction of butylphenyl diazonium salt and H(2)PtCl(4). Cyclic voltammetric studies of the Pt-BP nanoparticles showed a much less pronounced hysteresis between the oxidation currents of formic acid in the forward and reverse ...
Mayr Johannes A - - 2011
Lipoic acid is an essential prosthetic group of four mitochondrial enzymes involved in the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, α-ketoglutarate, and branched chain amino acids and in the glycine cleavage. Lipoic acid is synthesized stepwise within mitochondria through a process that includes lipoic acid synthetase. We identified the homozygous mutation c.746G>A ...
Peng Dunfa D Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2012
Exposure of the oesophageal mucosa to gastric acid and bile acids leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a known risk factor for Barrett's oesophagus and progression to oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). This study investigated the functions of glutathione peroxidase 7 (GPX7), frequently silenced in OAC, and its capacity ...
Khan Jahangir - - 2012
Hyperlipidemia is one known etiology of acute pancreatitis. Alcohol use is known to induce changes in lipid metabolism and might alter the serum lipid and fatty acid profile. We hypothesized that these changes may explain individual susceptibility of developing acute pancreatitis. We compared lipid and fatty acid profiles of patients ...
Patel Vrunda - - 2011
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin, have been associated with the damage to the gastrointestinal tract. One proposed mechanism of injury to the gastrointestinal mucosa by NSAIDs is oxygen radical-dependent microvascular injury. There is reasonable evidence to support the benefit of the addition of ascorbic acid, an ingredient with antioxidant ...
Wang Miaomiao - - 2011
The present paper studies the effects of precursor amino acids, i.e., L: -glutamic acid (Glu), L: -glycine (Gly), and L: -cysteine (Cys), on the glutathione (GSH) production. The three amino acids were added during the fermentations. The GSH production was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). It was observed that ...
Centini Marisanna - - 2011
We synthesized several new multifunctional molecules derived from natural sources such as amino acids and hydroxycinnamic acids. They exhibit various activities such as emulsifying, UV-protecting and radical scavenging, thereby conforming to the latest requirements for cosmetic ingredients. The synthesis comprises only a few steps: i) the amino acid, whose acid ...
Liu Ze - - 2011
Multiphase acid-catalyzed oxidation by hydrogen peroxide has been suggested to be a potential route to secondary organic aerosol formation from isoprene and its gas-phase oxidation products, but the kinetics and chemical mechanism remain largely uncertain. Here we report the first measurement of uptake of methacrolein into aqueous solutions of sulfuric ...
Schrader C - - 2011
Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an enzyme which is mainly synthesized in the liver. PON1 circulates in the blood bound to HDL and delays or prevents the oxidation of LDL. Single nucleotide polymorphisms significantly determine PON1 status in humans. A high PON1 status may be associated with a reduced cardiovascular disease ...
Gu Xiaodong - - 2012
Many of the pathological effects of lipid peroxidation are mediated by aldehydes generated through fragmentation of lipid peroxides. Among these aldehydes, the γ-hydroxy- and γ-oxo-α,β-alkenals, e.g., 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) and 4-oxo-2-nonenal (ONE), are especially prone to modifying proteins and DNA through covalent adduction. In addition the "mirror image" γ-hydroxy- and γ-oxo-α,β-alkenal ...
Yu Zhiqiang - - 2011
Reducible poly(amido amine)s (HPAAs) with acid labile groups have been prepared via Michael addition polymerization. These PAAs are very sensitive to reducing agents such as dithiothreitol (DTT) and glutathione (GSH), and sensitive to pH. The polymers show good condensing property for DNA and good gene transfection efficiency.
Sautier Brice - - 2011
Unsaturated, differentially substituted Meldrum's acid derivatives undergo cascade cyclizations upon ester reduction with SmI(2)-H(2)O. The cascade cyclizations proceed in good yield and with high diastereocontrol and convert simple, achiral starting materials to complex molecular architectures, bearing up to four stereocenters, in a single operation. The cascades are triggered by the ...
Szeląg Małgorzata - - 2012
Quantum-chemical computations were used to investigate the structure-antioxidant parameter relationships of α-lipoic acid and its natural metabolites bisnorlipoic acid and tetranorlipoic acid in their oxidized and reduced forms. The enantiomers of lipoic and dihydrolipoic acid were optimized using the B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p), B3LYP/aug-cc-pVDZ and MP2(full)/6-31+G(d,p) levels of theory as isolated molecules and ...
de Jong Ana Rae - - 2011
The relative reactivity of glucuronic acid esters was established in a series of competition experiments, in which two thioglucoside and/or thioglucuronic acid ester donors competed for a limited amount of activator (NIS-TfOH). Although glucuronic acid esters are often considered to be of very low reactivity, the series of competition reactions ...
Kumar Puneet - - 2012
Huntington's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that gradually reduces memory, cognitive skills and normal movements of affected individuals. Systemic administration of 3-Nitropropionic acid induces selective striatal lesions in rodents and non-human primates. Therefore, the present study has been designed to elucidate the comparative mechanistic profile of gabapentin, lamotrigine and ...
Gan Lu-Jing - - 2011
The effect of the purple-fleshed sweet potato extract (PFSPE) on oxidation stabilities of a model oil-in-water emulsion prepared with enzymatically synthesized fish oil-soybean oil structured lipid (SL) vs physically blended lipid (PBL) without modification were evaluated. The anthocyanins in PFSPE were analyzed and identified by HPLC-MS. The fatty acid composition ...
Ahmed Mukhtiar - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the content and composition of fatty acids and tocopherols in commercially available oil capsules, and to assay thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) as a marker of oxidation in these oils. METHODS: Fish and seal oil capsules were analyzed for their contents of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (DPA, ...
Pillai Krishna - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study examines the potential efficacy of hydrogen peroxide and ascorbic acid in the dissolution of mucinous ascites from pseudomyxoma peritonei. METHODS: The mucolytic action of both ascorbic acid (0%-0.2%) and hydrogen peroxide (0%-3%) are investigated as single agent on mucin samples derived from patient. This was followed by ...
León-Carmona Jorge Rafael - - 2011
The reactions of uric and 1-methyluric acids in non-polar environments, as well as those of the corresponding urate anions in aqueous solution, with •OH, •OCH3, •OOH, and •OOCH3 have been studied using the Density Functional Theory. Different mechanisms of reactions have been taken into account, and their relative importance on ...
Whent Monica - - 2011
Maryland-grown soybean lines modified for low lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1) content and a traditional non-modified cultivar were analyzed for fatty acid composition, total phenolic content (TPC), isoflavone composition, relative DPPH• scavenging capacity (RDSC), and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity (HOSC). Soybean lines included black, brown, and yellow soybeans. TPC of all soybean lines ...
Osburn Sandra S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Studies, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, - - 2011
The gas-phase mechanism of S-nitrosylation of thiols was studied in a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. This was done via ion-molecule reactions of protonated cysteine and many of its derivatives and other thiol ions with neutral tert-butyl nitrite or nitrous acid. Our results showed that the presence of the carboxylic ...
Jewo P I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of ascorbic acid to protect the testes from damage in severe burns. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: University of Lagos Medical School, Department of Anatomy. ANIMALS: 28 adult male Wistar rats (250-300g). INTERVENTION: Third degree burn was induced on 40% body surface area of rats and ...
Zheleva-Dimitrova Dimitrina - - 2011
The occurrence of three known benzophenones, namely annulatophenonoside, acetylannulatophenonoside and annulatophenone as well as a flavonol O-glycoside guajaverin in the aerial parts of Hypericum maculatum Crantz was established. In addition, hyperoside, isoquercitrin and miquelianin were isolated from this plant, as well. Radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of the isolated compounds ...
Feng Ligang - - 2011
A surprisingly high and stable current was observed after the peak current on the PdHoOx/C catalyst indicating the diminished poisoning effect. Moreover, the novel PdHoOx/C catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic activity and stability for formic acid oxidation due to the large electrochemical surface area and electronic effect.
Zhao Youyou - - 2011
Chlorogenic acids (CGAs) are potent antioxidants found in certain foods and drinks, most notably in coffee. In recent years, basic and clinical investigations have implied that the consumption of chlorogenic acid can have an anti-hypertension effect. Mechanistically, the metabolites of CGAs attenuate oxidative stress (reactive oxygen species), which leads to ...
Eilmes Andrzej - - 2011
Molecular Dynamics simulations employing polarizable force field have been performed for model poly(ethylene oxide)/LiClO4 electrolytes with boron or aluminum centers. Influence of Lewis acid centers on radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, percentage of free cations, diffusion coefficients and conductivity has been investigated. Results confirm the effect of acid centers on ...
Han Wang - - 2011
The effects of carnosic acid (CA) of different concentrations (0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mg/g) and two common antioxidants (butylated hydroxytoluene and α-tocopherol) on oxidative stability in pine nut oil at different accelerated conditions (heating and ultraviolet radiation) were compared. The investigation focused on the increase in peroxide and conjugated diene ...
Crich David D Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, 5101 Cass Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA. - - 2011
Reaction of propargylmagnesium bromide with 2,3;5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-D-mannonolactone followed by highly stereoselective reduction of the so-formed lactol with sodium borohydride gives a syn-diol from which practical syntheses of 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galactononulosonic acid (KDN) and various partially protected derivatives have been achieved all of which feature the oxidative unmasking of the α-keto acid moiety from ...
Tan Hooi Poay - - 2011
The galloylated cyanogenic glucosides based on prunasin (1-7), gallotannins (8-14), ellagitannins (15-17), ellagic acid derivatives (18, 19) and gallic acid (20) isolated from the leaves of Phyllagathis rotundifolia (Melastomataceae) were investigated for their neuroprotective activity against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced oxidative damage in NG108-15 hybridoma cell line. Among these compounds, the ...
Karimian Parastoo - - 2011
The antioxidant, nitric oxide (NO) scavenging and malondialdehyde (MDA) scavenging activities of different Zataria multiflora (ZM) chemotype essential oils (EOs) were investigated. The main components are: ZM1 (carvacrol, p-cymene), ZM2 (carvacrol, p-cymene), ZM3 (carvacrol, p-cymene), ZM4 (linalool), ZM5 (carvacrol, p-cymene, thymol), ZM6 (thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene, γ-terpienene), ZM7 (thymol, p-cymene, γ-terpienene) ...
Kelkar Anita - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States. There is evidence that shows a direct relationship between an elevated uric acid level and an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events, which has set the foundation for the investigation of uric acid-lowering drugs for the treatment ...
Kumar Sushil - - 2011
Environmental electrophilic chemical carcinogens are detoxified via mercapturic acid pathway to be excreted as mercapturic acid derivatives. Mercapturic acid pathway is also involved in the metabolism of pro-apoptotic and toxic endogenous electrophiles such as 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE). HNE is a common denominator in stress induced signaling and is a pro-apoptotic second ...
Cooley Justin Carl - - 2011
Oxidative damage is a naturally occurring process where reactive oxygen species (ROS) attack and disrupt normal cellular function; however, these effects become elevated during a stress event, such as ischemia/reperfusion or seizure. One result of oxidative stress is lipid peroxidation, where ROS attack free unsaturated fatty acids forming lipid hydorperoxides, ...
Chang Byung-Joon - - 2011
This study was to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid on the hippocampus of suckling rats in the presence of lead (Pb)-induced oxidative stress. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats received treatment with drinking water, divided into three groups, as follows: (1) distilled water; (2) 0.2% Pb; (3) 0.2% Pb+ascorbic acid (100mg/kg/day). Rat ...
Pohanka Miroslav - - 2011
Ascorbic acid is a low molecular weight antioxidant well known as anti-scorbut acting vitamin C in humans, primates and guinea pigs. This review summarizes basic data about ascorbic acid in its physiological action point of view. It is divided into biochemistry of ascorbic acid synthesis, mechanism of antioxidant action and ...
Seda Brandon C - - 2011
The present study assessed the toxic effects of stable aqueous colloidal suspensions of gallic acid stabilized C(70) -fullerene to Daphnia magna. The suspensions were stabilized through non-covalent surface modification with gallic acid. In addition to whole organism responses, changes in antioxidative processes in D. magna were quantified. Acute toxicity was ...
Ozsahin Ayse Dilek - - 2011
In this study, we detected the flavonoid ingredients of three different varieties of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch cultivar Camarosa, Selva and Dorit) grown in Elazig, and we researched on their effects on the radicals DPPH√ and OH√. It was detected that in the manipulation of 50-100 μl extract, it was efficient ...
Hsieh Chiu-Lan - - 2012
The teratogenicity of antiepilepsy drug valproic acid (VPA) mostly is found in genetic and somatic levels, causing teratogenesis involving neurotubular defects (NTDs), anencephaly, lumbosacral meningomyelocele, and leg dysfunction due to spina bifida aperta. A diversity of nutraceutics have been tried to alleviate the risk of VPA-teratogenicity. The effect was varying. ...
Guo Xia-Li - - 2011
In the present study, we have investigated the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of water extract of propolis (WEP) collected from 26 locations in China. Spectrophotometry was used to determine the physico-chemical properties and the chemical constituents of WEP. Phenolic compounds in WEP were identified by RP-HPLC-DAD with reference standards. ...
Ben Abdallah F - - 2011
Lambda-cyhalothrin (LTC) is a synthetic pyrethroid with a broad spectrum of insecticidal and acaricidal activities used to control wide range of insect pests in a variety of applications. The aim of this study was to examine (i) the potency of LTC to induce oxidative stress response in rat erythrocytes in ...
Siracusa Laura - - 2011
This study investigated the phenolic composition and antioxidant activities of aqueous infusions from wild-grown caper (Capparis spinosa L.) and sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum L.) from Dalmatia region (Croatia) before and after their submission to an in vitro digestion process. HPLC/UV-Vis-DAD/ESI-MS analysis of caper infusion identified rutin, kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside and isorhamnetin ...
Procopio Antonio - - 2011
Hydroxytyrosol is a potent antioxidant natural molecule isolated from olive leaves and fruits. The presence of three hydroxy groups in its structure poses a limit for the topical application of this lead compound. A set of hydroxytyrosol conjugates with fatty acids at different molecular weights were synthesized under mild conditions. ...
Si Peng - - 2011
A novel method is developed to fabricate the polypyrrole (PPy) and graphene thin films on electrodes by electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole with graphene oxide (GO) as a dopant, followed by electrochemical reduction of GO in the composite film. The composite of PPy and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (eRGO)-modified electrode is ...
Lebold Katie M KM Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, - - 2011
α-Tocopherol is a required, lipid-soluble antioxidant that protects PUFA. We hypothesized that α-tocopherol deficiency in zebrafish compromises PUFA status. Zebrafish were fed for 1 y either an α-tocopherol-sufficient (E+; 500 mg α-tocopherol/kg) or -deficient (E-; 1.1 mg α-tocopherol/kg) diet containing α-linolenic (ALA) and linoleic (LA) acids but without arachidonic acid ...
Ahn Soo Mi - - 2011
A novel kojic acid derivative containing a trolox moiety, (±)-5-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-pyran-2-yl methyl 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylate (3a), was synthesized. The two biologically active compounds, namely, kojic acid and trolox, were conjugated via an ester bond as they are expected to behave synergistically. The antioxidant activity and the tyrosinase inhibitory activity of this novel kojic ...
Kumar Muthukannan Satheesh - - 2011
Cr(VI) at 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/l was removed over 1-5 days by a freshwater cyanobacterium, Chroococcus sp. 2.5 mg Cr(VI)/l gave the optimum rate. With 5 mg Cr(VI)/l, activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase were increased. Amounts of palmitic (16:0), stearic (18:0) and oleic acid (18:1) in the cell also increased after ...
Niu Yu-Cun - - 2011
The aims of the present study were to examine the serum amino acid profiles in obese and non-obese women and investigate the relationships between the serum amino acids and inflammation and oxidative stress in a human case-control study. Serum amino acids, inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein and IL-6) and oxidative biomarkers ...
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