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León-Carmona Jorge Rafael - - 2011
The reactions of uric and 1-methyluric acids in non-polar environments, as well as those of the corresponding urate anions in aqueous solution, with •OH, •OCH3, •OOH, and •OOCH3 have been studied using the Density Functional Theory. Different mechanisms of reactions have been taken into account, and their relative importance on ...
Whent Monica - - 2011
Maryland-grown soybean lines modified for low lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1) content and a traditional non-modified cultivar were analyzed for fatty acid composition, total phenolic content (TPC), isoflavone composition, relative DPPH• scavenging capacity (RDSC), and hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity (HOSC). Soybean lines included black, brown, and yellow soybeans. TPC of all soybean lines ...
Osburn Sandra S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Studies, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, - - 2011
The gas-phase mechanism of S-nitrosylation of thiols was studied in a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. This was done via ion-molecule reactions of protonated cysteine and many of its derivatives and other thiol ions with neutral tert-butyl nitrite or nitrous acid. Our results showed that the presence of the carboxylic ...
Jewo P I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of ascorbic acid to protect the testes from damage in severe burns. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: University of Lagos Medical School, Department of Anatomy. ANIMALS: 28 adult male Wistar rats (250-300g). INTERVENTION: Third degree burn was induced on 40% body surface area of rats and ...
Zheleva-Dimitrova Dimitrina - - 2011
The occurrence of three known benzophenones, namely annulatophenonoside, acetylannulatophenonoside and annulatophenone as well as a flavonol O-glycoside guajaverin in the aerial parts of Hypericum maculatum Crantz was established. In addition, hyperoside, isoquercitrin and miquelianin were isolated from this plant, as well. Radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of the isolated compounds ...
Feng Ligang - - 2011
A surprisingly high and stable current was observed after the peak current on the PdHoOx/C catalyst indicating the diminished poisoning effect. Moreover, the novel PdHoOx/C catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic activity and stability for formic acid oxidation due to the large electrochemical surface area and electronic effect.
Zhao Youyou - - 2011
Chlorogenic acids (CGAs) are potent antioxidants found in certain foods and drinks, most notably in coffee. In recent years, basic and clinical investigations have implied that the consumption of chlorogenic acid can have an anti-hypertension effect. Mechanistically, the metabolites of CGAs attenuate oxidative stress (reactive oxygen species), which leads to ...
Eilmes Andrzej - - 2011
Molecular Dynamics simulations employing polarizable force field have been performed for model poly(ethylene oxide)/LiClO4 electrolytes with boron or aluminum centers. Influence of Lewis acid centers on radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, percentage of free cations, diffusion coefficients and conductivity has been investigated. Results confirm the effect of acid centers on ...
Han Wang - - 2011
The effects of carnosic acid (CA) of different concentrations (0.05, 0.1, and 0.2 mg/g) and two common antioxidants (butylated hydroxytoluene and α-tocopherol) on oxidative stability in pine nut oil at different accelerated conditions (heating and ultraviolet radiation) were compared. The investigation focused on the increase in peroxide and conjugated diene ...
Crich David - - 2011
Reaction of propargylmagnesium bromide with 2,3;5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-D-mannonolactone followed by highly stereoselective reduction of the so-formed lactol with sodium borohydride gives a syn-diol from which practical syntheses of 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galactononulosonic acid (KDN) and various partially protected derivatives have been achieved all of which feature the oxidative unmasking of the α-keto acid moiety from ...
Tan Hooi Poay - - 2011
The galloylated cyanogenic glucosides based on prunasin (1-7), gallotannins (8-14), ellagitannins (15-17), ellagic acid derivatives (18, 19) and gallic acid (20) isolated from the leaves of Phyllagathis rotundifolia (Melastomataceae) were investigated for their neuroprotective activity against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced oxidative damage in NG108-15 hybridoma cell line. Among these compounds, the ...
Karimian Parastoo - - 2011
The antioxidant, nitric oxide (NO) scavenging and malondialdehyde (MDA) scavenging activities of different Zataria multiflora (ZM) chemotype essential oils (EOs) were investigated. The main components are: ZM1 (carvacrol, p-cymene), ZM2 (carvacrol, p-cymene), ZM3 (carvacrol, p-cymene), ZM4 (linalool), ZM5 (carvacrol, p-cymene, thymol), ZM6 (thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene, γ-terpienene), ZM7 (thymol, p-cymene, γ-terpienene) ...
Kelkar Anita - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States. There is evidence that shows a direct relationship between an elevated uric acid level and an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events, which has set the foundation for the investigation of uric acid-lowering drugs for the treatment ...
Kumar Sushil - - 2011
Environmental electrophilic chemical carcinogens are detoxified via mercapturic acid pathway to be excreted as mercapturic acid derivatives. Mercapturic acid pathway is also involved in the metabolism of pro-apoptotic and toxic endogenous electrophiles such as 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE). HNE is a common denominator in stress induced signaling and is a pro-apoptotic second ...
Cooley Justin Carl - - 2011
Oxidative damage is a naturally occurring process where reactive oxygen species (ROS) attack and disrupt normal cellular function; however, these effects become elevated during a stress event, such as ischemia/reperfusion or seizure. One result of oxidative stress is lipid peroxidation, where ROS attack free unsaturated fatty acids forming lipid hydorperoxides, ...
Chang Byung-Joon - - 2011
This study was to investigate the effects of ascorbic acid on the hippocampus of suckling rats in the presence of lead (Pb)-induced oxidative stress. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats received treatment with drinking water, divided into three groups, as follows: (1) distilled water; (2) 0.2% Pb; (3) 0.2% Pb+ascorbic acid (100mg/kg/day). Rat ...
Pohanka Miroslav - - 2011
Ascorbic acid is a low molecular weight antioxidant well known as anti-scorbut acting vitamin C in humans, primates and guinea pigs. This review summarizes basic data about ascorbic acid in its physiological action point of view. It is divided into biochemistry of ascorbic acid synthesis, mechanism of antioxidant action and ...
Seda Brandon C - - 2011
The present study assessed the toxic effects of stable aqueous colloidal suspensions of gallic acid stabilized C(70) -fullerene to Daphnia magna. The suspensions were stabilized through non-covalent surface modification with gallic acid. In addition to whole organism responses, changes in antioxidative processes in D. magna were quantified. Acute toxicity was ...
Ozsahin Ayse Dilek - - 2011
In this study, we detected the flavonoid ingredients of three different varieties of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch cultivar Camarosa, Selva and Dorit) grown in Elazig, and we researched on their effects on the radicals DPPH√ and OH√. It was detected that in the manipulation of 50-100 μl extract, it was efficient ...
Hsieh Chiu-Lan - - 2012
The teratogenicity of antiepilepsy drug valproic acid (VPA) mostly is found in genetic and somatic levels, causing teratogenesis involving neurotubular defects (NTDs), anencephaly, lumbosacral meningomyelocele, and leg dysfunction due to spina bifida aperta. A diversity of nutraceutics have been tried to alleviate the risk of VPA-teratogenicity. The effect was varying. ...
Guo Xia-Li - - 2011
In the present study, we have investigated the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of water extract of propolis (WEP) collected from 26 locations in China. Spectrophotometry was used to determine the physico-chemical properties and the chemical constituents of WEP. Phenolic compounds in WEP were identified by RP-HPLC-DAD with reference standards. ...
Ben Abdallah F - - 2011
Lambda-cyhalothrin (LTC) is a synthetic pyrethroid with a broad spectrum of insecticidal and acaricidal activities used to control wide range of insect pests in a variety of applications. The aim of this study was to examine (i) the potency of LTC to induce oxidative stress response in rat erythrocytes in ...
Siracusa Laura - - 2011
This study investigated the phenolic composition and antioxidant activities of aqueous infusions from wild-grown caper (Capparis spinosa L.) and sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum L.) from Dalmatia region (Croatia) before and after their submission to an in vitro digestion process. HPLC/UV-Vis-DAD/ESI-MS analysis of caper infusion identified rutin, kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside and isorhamnetin ...
Procopio Antonio - - 2011
Hydroxytyrosol is a potent antioxidant natural molecule isolated from olive leaves and fruits. The presence of three hydroxy groups in its structure poses a limit for the topical application of this lead compound. A set of hydroxytyrosol conjugates with fatty acids at different molecular weights were synthesized under mild conditions. ...
Si Peng - - 2011
A novel method is developed to fabricate the polypyrrole (PPy) and graphene thin films on electrodes by electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole with graphene oxide (GO) as a dopant, followed by electrochemical reduction of GO in the composite film. The composite of PPy and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (eRGO)-modified electrode is ...
Lebold Katie M - - 2011
α-Tocopherol is a required, lipid-soluble antioxidant that protects PUFA. We hypothesized that α-tocopherol deficiency in zebrafish compromises PUFA status. Zebrafish were fed for 1 y either an α-tocopherol-sufficient (E+; 500 mg α-tocopherol/kg) or -deficient (E-; 1.1 mg α-tocopherol/kg) diet containing α-linolenic (ALA) and linoleic (LA) acids but without arachidonic acid ...
Ahn Soo Mi - - 2011
A novel kojic acid derivative containing a trolox moiety, (±)-5-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-pyran-2-yl methyl 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylate (3a), was synthesized. The two biologically active compounds, namely, kojic acid and trolox, were conjugated via an ester bond as they are expected to behave synergistically. The antioxidant activity and the tyrosinase inhibitory activity of this novel kojic ...
Kumar Muthukannan Satheesh - - 2011
Cr(VI) at 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 mg/l was removed over 1-5 days by a freshwater cyanobacterium, Chroococcus sp. 2.5 mg Cr(VI)/l gave the optimum rate. With 5 mg Cr(VI)/l, activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase were increased. Amounts of palmitic (16:0), stearic (18:0) and oleic acid (18:1) in the cell also increased after ...
Niu Yu-Cun - - 2011
The aims of the present study were to examine the serum amino acid profiles in obese and non-obese women and investigate the relationships between the serum amino acids and inflammation and oxidative stress in a human case-control study. Serum amino acids, inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein and IL-6) and oxidative biomarkers ...
Schmidt Andrea-Katharina C - - 2011
A new method to accomplish glycol cleavage to carboxylic (di)acids in one step using catalytic amounts of tetrapropylammonium perruthenate (TPAP) together with N-methylmorpholine N-Oxide (NMO) as the stoichiometric oxidant is presented. In addition to regenerating the active catalyst, the N-oxide stabilizes intermediary carbonyl hydrates and thereby shifts a crucial equilibrium. ...
Yumrutas Onder - - 2011
This study was designed to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant activities of n-hexane (Hex), dichloromethane (DCM), methanol (MeOH) and essential oils (EO) extracts obtained from Salvia euphratica var. euphratica and Salvia euphratica var. leiocalycina and to determine their essential oil and phenolic acid compositions. The samples were screened for their antioxidant ...
Chaveroux Cédric - - 2011
Constitution of oxidative defense systems and, correspondingly, oxidative stress prevention are highly dependent on amino acid supply. In vitro, experiments have demonstrated that amino acid availability participates to the homeostasis of reactive oxygen species. However the molecular mechanisms involved in the maintenance of redox homeostasis responsive to circulating amino acid ...
Mitamura Kuniko - - 2011
Previous work from this laboratory has reported the biotransformation of bile acids (BA) into the thioester-linked glutathione (GSH) conjugates via the intermediary metabolites formed by BA:CoA ligase and shown that such GSH conjugates are excreted into the bile in healthy rats as well as rats dosed with lithocholic acid or ...
Jayasinghe Lalith - - 2011
A chemical investigation of the fruit juice of Flacourtia inermis furnished five caffeoylquinic acid derivatives: methyl chlorogenate (1), methyl 5-O-caffeoylquinate (2), methyl 4-O-caffeoylquinate (3), n-butyl chlorogenate (4), n-butyl 5-O-caffeoylquinate (5) and a rare phenolic glucoside (rel)-6α-benzoyloxy-1α,2α-dihydroxy-5-oxocyclohex-3-enecarboxylic acid 2-(6-O-benzoyl-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-5-hydroxybenzyl ester (6), together with quinic acid (7) and malic acid (8). Compounds ...
McPherson Robert A - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recently published research into the use of dietary cysteine and/or its derivatives as functional food supplements that will enhance antioxidant status and improve outcome in certain diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: L-cysteine is now widely recognized as a conditionally essential or (indispensible) sulphur amino acid. It plays ...
Stefek Milan - - 2011
Novel carboxymethylated pyridoindoles, characterized by antioxidant activity combined with the ability to inhibit aldose reductase, represent an example of a multitarget approach to the treatment of diabetic complications - severe diabetes-related health disorders of multifunctional nature. One of the novel carboxymethylated pyridoindoles, (2-benzyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[4,3-b]indol-8-yl)-acetic acid (compound 1), was found to inhibit ...
Raatz Susan K SK Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58203-9034, United - - 2011
The consumption of seafood enriched in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Several n-3 oxidation products from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) have known protective effects in the vasculature. It is not known whether the consumption of cooked seafood ...
Ma Rui-Qiong - - 2011
Preeclampsia is one of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. It is associated with abnormal lipid metabolism, including fatty acid oxidation metabolism. Long chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) plays an indispensable role in the oxidation of fatty acids. It has been reported that nitric oxide (NO) is one of the regulatory factors of ...
Ginty Annie T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Some evidence suggests that omega-3 fatty acids improve cardiovascular function. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of an acute low dose of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids on young, healthy individuals. METHODS: Participants (n=34) were randomly assigned to ...
Jayaram Smitha - - 2011
Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. is a twining shrub commonly found in India, which was known to have wide pharmacological actions. 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzoic acid (HMBA) and a number of pregnane glycosides were believed to be responsible for its various bioactivities. Until now, there are no reports regarding the antioxidant properties of phenolics from ...
Luchtman D W - - 2011
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by hypokinesia, but also mood and cognitive disorders. Neuropathologically, PD involves loss of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) and secondary non-dopaminergic abnormalities. Inflammation may contribute to PD pathogenesis, evident by increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. PD onset has been positively associated with dietary intake ...
Ide Andreas - - 2011
To take advantage of the full potential of functionalized transition metal oxides, a well-understood nonsilane based grafting technique is required. The functionalization of mixed titanium zirconium oxides was studied in detail using a bisphosphonic acid, featuring two phosphonic acid groups with high surface affinity. The bisphosphonic acid employed was coupled ...
Selvakumar Karuthapandi - - 2011
The synthesis of some ebselen analogues and diaryl diselenides, which have amino acid functions as an intramolecularly coordinating group (Se⋅⋅⋅O) has been achieved by the DCC coupling procedure. The reaction of 2,2'-diselanediylbis(5-tert-butylisophthalic acid) or the activated ester tetrakis(2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl) 2,2'-diselanediylbis(5-tert- butylisophthalate) with different C-protected amino acids (Gly, L-Phe, L-Ala, and L-Trp) ...
Hemalatha Mysore S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chapati preparation involves various processing steps such as mixing the flour into dough, sheeting and baking. During these processing steps, flour components are likely to undergo changes in their nutrient and polyphenol composition and their antioxidant properties due to phenol-mediated crosslinking of proteins and carbohydrates. Therefore, in the present ...
Board Philip G - - 2011
γ-Glutamylcyclotransferase (GGCT) is a component of the γ-glutamyl cycle and specifically cleaves γ-glutamyl-amino acid dipeptides to release the free amino acid and 5-oxoproline. The action of GGCT in glutathione synthetase-deficient patients results in the accumulation of high levels of 5-oxoproline. In addition, GGCT may be a biomarker in some cancers. ...
Westphal Christina - - 2011
Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) protect against arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death by largely unknown mechanisms. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that arachidonic acid (AA) metabolizing cytochrome P450-(CYP) enzymes accept EPA and DHA as efficient alternative substrates. Dietary ...
Hung Pham Van - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Germination is considered to improve the nutritive value, antioxidant capacity and functional properties of grains. In this study, changes in the chemical composition, nutritive value and antioxidant capacity of waxy wheat during germination were determined. RESULTS: Over a 48 h period of germination the protein and free lipid contents ...
Sun Yuan-Qiang - - 2011
A coumarin-based thiol probe featuring the 1,4-addition reaction of thiols to nitroolefin was reported. The molecular probe exhibited higher selectivity toward biothiols (Cys, Hcy and GSH) than other amino acids.
Rosini Michela - - 2011
Lipoic acid (LA) is a natural antioxidant. Its structure was previously combined with that of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor tacrine to give lipocrine (1), a lead compound multitargeted against Alzheimer's disease (AD). Herein, we further explore LA as a privileged structure for developing multimodal compounds to investigate AD. First, we studied ...
Danish Husain H - - 2011
Cyclooxygenases 1 and 2 are tyrosyl radical (Y•)-utilizing hemoproteins responsible for the biosynthesis of lipid-derived autocoids. COX-2, in particular, is a primary mediator of inflammation and believed to be up-regulated in many forms of cancer. Described here are first-of-a-kind studies of COX-2 catalyzed oxidation of the substrate analog, linoleic acid. ...
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