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Smith Mark A - - 2012
Triacylglycerol estolides have been reported as components of the seed oil of a number of plant species and are generally associated with the presence of fatty acids containing hydroxyl groups. We have used MALDI-TOF MS to examine the intact acylglycerol species present in the seed oils of two plants that ...
von Geldern Gloria - - 2012
The effect of nutrition and dietary supplements on the course of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a topic of great interest to both patients and clinicians. In particular, vitamin D status has been shown to influence both the incidence and the course of MS. High vitamin D levels are probably protective ...
Hibi M - - 2012
An Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase, SadA, was obtained from Burkholderia ambifaria AMMD and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. Purified recombinant SadA had catalytic activity toward several N-substituted L-amino acids, which was especially strong with N-succinyl L-leucine. With the NMR and LC-MS analysis, SadA converted N-succinyl L-leucine into N-succinyl L-threo-β-hydroxyleucine with >99% diastreoselectivity. ...
Gohar A A - - 2012
One new compound: 3,4-dihydro-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2H-pyrrol-2-ol (5) was isolated from the fruits and bark of Callistemon viminalis along with the known compounds lupeol (1), octacosanol (2), β-sitosterol (3), betulin (4), betulinic acid (6), ursolic acid (7), corosolic acid (8), β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside (9), methyl gallate (10), gallic acid (11), catechin (12), ellagic acid (13) ...
Atherton Tom - - 2012
The analysis of the chemical composition of fingerprints is important for the development and improvement of existing fingerprint enhancement techniques. This study demonstrates the first analysis of a latent fingerprint sample, using an optimized CE-MS method. In total 12 amino acids were detected in the fingerprint sample. MS/MS fragmentation was ...
Pang Xu - - 2012
Two new kaurene diterpenoid glycosides, named Graecumoside A (1) and B (2), were isolated from fenugreek seeds, along with three known flavonoid-C-glycosides, isoorientin (3), isovitexin (4) and vitexin (5). By combined analyses of 1D- and 2D-NMR, and MS spectroscopy, the structures of two new compounds were elucidated as 3-O-β- D-glucopyranosyl ...
Guerard Jennifer J - - 2012
Ormetoprim (OMP) is an antibiotic approved for use in the United States to prevent the spread of disease in freshwater aquaculture. It has been shown in the previous literature to be photochemically stable to direct photolysis, but the role of photosensitization processes in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) ...
Koga Reiko - - 2012
A validated and fully automated chiral 2D-HPLC system was developed for the simultaneous determination of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) analogues by combining a long microbore-monolithic ODS column (0.53mm i.d.×1000mm) and narrowbore-enantioselective columns (1.5mm i.d.×150 or 250mm). The target analytes, enantiomers of N-methylaspartic acid (NMA) and N-methylglutamic acid (NMG), were precolumn-derivatized with ...
Chen Xia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM) mucosa observed in Barrett's esophagus (BE) has been a hot research topic due to the close relationship with adenocarcinoma of esophagus (ACE). Earlier studies found that SIM mucosa was similar to normal intestinal epithelium on morphology and histology. The signal pathway involved in conformation of ...
Muroya Yoshikazu - - 2012
Proteinuria is considered to play an essential role in the progression of tubulointerstitial damage which causes end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Fatty acid-binding albumin are filtered through glomeruli and reabsorbed into the proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs). However, the role of fatty acid metabolism associated with albuminuria in developing tubulointerstitial damage ...
Ye Chunhong C School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, P R - - 2012
We studied the pH-responsive behavior of layer-by-layer (LbL) microcapsules fabricated from silk fibroin chemically modified with different poly amino acid side chains: cationic (silk-poly L-lysine, SF-PL) or anionic (silk-poly-L-glutamic acid, SF-PG). We observed that stable ultrathin shell microcapsules can be assembled with a dramatic increase in swelling, thickness, and microroughness ...
Abe Yuriko - - 2012
Aims: Plasma fatty acid composition can change with age, reflecting diet and levels of desaturating enzymes such as stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D), which contribute to the development of insulin resistance. This study analyzed longitudinal changes in fatty acid composition in Japanese children during early ...
Lygin Anatoliy V - - 2012
Metabolic changes were studied, which accompanied the conversion of 6month old HiII maize non-regenerable (NR) calli into regenerable (R) calli when cultured for 63days with 10% polyethylene glycol (PEG) (3350MW) in culture medium. The conversion of 6month old NR to R callus morphotype caused by PEG application decreased cell wall ...
Castillo-Lancellotti Cecilia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the impact of folic acid fortification of flour on the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTD). DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature on MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, OvidSP and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) reporting the impact of folic acid fortification of flour on ...
Gaspar Cláudia R B S - - 2012
Off-flavours develop naturally in butter and the process is accelerated by heat. An acoustic wave sensor was used to detect the aroma compounds evolved from heated butter and the results have shown that registered marked changes were coincident to odour changes detected by sensory analysis. The flavour compounds have also ...
Kundu Arpita - - 2012
We have determined the non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of α adducin 1 (ADD1) gene and its variations in different populations to understand its role in hypertension. Out of 1,113 SNPs, 9 are found to be non-synonymous, of which 7 showed significant damaging effect and one of them showed SNP variability ...
Deußer Hannah - - 2012
The polyphenol (phenolic acids, flavanols and flavonols) and glycoalkaloid (α-chaconine and α-solanine) contents of potato tubers grown in Luxembourg were analyzed by UPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS/MS separately in peel (approx. 2mm), outer (approx. 1cm) and inner flesh. Polyphenol contents decreased from the peel via the outer to the inner flesh and ...
Xu Zhigang Z College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona, Oro Valley, 85737, United - - 2012
An Ugi one-pot three-component four-center reaction was coupled with a subsequent acid mediated cyclodehydration step to furnish a multitude of unique scaffolds having in common an embedded or attached benzimidazole and often a ring system formed through lactamization. Using combinations of tethered Ugi inputs typically via tethered acid-ketone inputs and ...
Lee Do Yup do - - 2012
Drastic alterations in macronutrients are known to cause large changes in biochemistry and gene expression in the photosynthetic alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. However, metabolomic and proteomic responses to subtle reductions in macronutrients have not yet been studied. When ammonium levels were reduced by 25-100% compared with control cultures, ammonium uptake and ...
Yang Maiyun - - 2012
Live-cell pH measurements: An environment-sensitive fluorophore (green) was site-specifically introduced on HdeA, an acid-resistant chaperone showing pH-mediated conformational changes under low pH conditions. A survey of the attachment sites led to the discovery of one position on HdeA at which the attached fluorophore showed a strong fluorescence increase upon acidification.
Li Xiao - - 2012
This study was carried out to ascertain the behavior and fermentation performance of mixed yeasts in mango juices of three varieties. Saccharomyces cerevisiae MERIT.ferm and Williopsis saturnus var. mrakii NCYC500 at a ratio of 1:1000 were simultaneously inoculated into juices of three mango (Mangifera indica L.) varieties (R2E2, Harum Manis ...
Kudryavtseva Yu V - - 2012
A dependency was found between total protein content and cataract maturity (P=-0.91, p<0.01). LPO intensity sharply increased and remained stably high after appearance of lens opacity. A strict negative correlation was found between the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in earwax and lens nucleus (P=-0.7, p<0.01). The content of conjugated ...
Shukla Shastri P - - 2012
An attempt was made to standardize the protocol for the shoot regeneration via caulogenesis in Pteris vittata L. employing leaf primordium explants. Calli were induced on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) and Parkers and Thompson's (P and T) media supplemented with different combinations of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyaceticacid (2, 4-D), 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), alpha-naphthalene ...
Reyes Lino - - 2012
In this work, the substituent effect of several alkyl groups (-CH3; -CH2CH3; -CH2CH2CH3; -CH(CH3)2; -C6H11; -C(CH3)3) in the rate-determining step of the catalyzed Baeyer-Villiger reaction of phenyl alkyl ketones with performic (PFA) and trifluoroperacetic (TFPAA) acids are studied in detail, within the density functional theory framework. Our results shown that ...
Zulyniak Michael A - - 2012
Serum triglyceride levels are associated with metabolic disorders; however, it remains unclear whether the fatty acid (FA) composition of triglycerides is also changed. Although there were no differences in circulating triglyceride levels between normoglycaemic-normoinsulinaemic and hyperglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic men, inspection of individual FA revealed that vaccenic acid was enriched with hyperglycaemia-hyperinsulinaemia. Moreover, ...
Campbell Dahlia I - - 2012
Desorption electrospray ionization imaging allows biomarker discovery and disease diagnosis through chemical characterization of biological samples in their native environment. Optimization of experimental parameters including emitter capillary size, solvent composition, solvent flow rate, mass spectrometry scan-rate and step-size is shown here to improve the resolution available in the study of ...
Arroyo-Abad Uriel - - 2012
A set of organoarsenicals were identified in aqueous phenylarsonic acid (PA) and o-arsanilic acid (AA) solutions treated with soil of volcanic origin in batch systems. The transformation products were separated by liquid chromatography (RP-LC) and identified with element selective inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) as well as molecular selective electrospray ...
Wu Jiao - - 2012
The metabolic changes of bacterial blight-resistant line C418/Xa23 generated by molecular marker-assisted selection (n= 12), transgenic variety C418-Xa21 generated by using the Agrobacterium-mediated system (n= 12), and progenitor cultivar C418 (n= 12) were monitored using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The validation, discrimination, and establishment of correlative relationships between metabolite signals were ...
Tanaka Naoki - - 2012
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease that can develop into cirrhosis, hepatic failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although several metabolic pathways are disrupted and endogenous metabolites may change in NASH, the alterations in serum metabolites during NASH development remain unclear. To gain insight into the ...
Okubo Kazumasa - - 2012
Ca(v) 3.2 T-type calcium channels, targeted by H(2) S, are involved in neuropathic hyperalgesia in rats and ascorbic acid inhibits Ca(v) 3.2 channels. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of intraplantar (i.pl.) administration of ascorbic acid or topical application of disodium isostearyl 2-O-L-ascorbyl phosphate (DI-VCP), a skin-permeable ascorbate derivative on hyperalgesia ...
Park Young Jae - - 2012
Type I collagen is a major extracellular matrix component and its hierarchical structure plays an essential role in the regulation of cellular behavior. Here, we have analyzed the changes in the morphological, chemical, and mechanical properties of collagen fibrils induced by acidic and thermal treatments and the influence on the ...
Itakura Hiroshige - - 2012
Aim: The Japan EPA Lipid Intervention Study (JELIS) reported a 19% reduction of the risk for coronary artery disease after long-term use of pure eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in Japanese patients with hypercholesterolemia. The variation in plasma fatty acid composition influenced the risk of coronary events. The aim of this study ...
Gong Yangmin - - 2012
Alteration of lipid biosynthesis is one of important biochemical changes when oleaginous microalgae grow under varied environmental conditions. The effects of culture age and nutrient limitation on triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation and fatty acid content were investigated in four eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-rich marine microalgae. The amounts of TAGs in Chaetoceros sp., ...
Würtz Peter - - 2012
Metabolite predictors of deteriorating glucose tolerance may elucidate the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. We investigated associations of circulating metabolites from high-throughput profiling with fasting and postload glycemia cross-sectionally and prospectively on the population level. Oral glucose tolerance was assessed in two Finnish, population-based studies consisting of 1,873 individuals (mean ...
Ferriola D - - 2012
HLA-A*23:50 differs from HLA-A*23:01:01 by one nucleotide at position 112 resulting in an amino acid change, Arginine to Tryptophan, at codon 14 of exon 2.
Zhu Guijie - - 2012
Six amino acids with pIs that ranged from 3.2 to 9.7 were used as ampholytes to establish a pH gradient in capillary isoelectric focusing. This amino acid-based capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF) was coupled with ESI-MS/MS using an electrokinetically pumped sheath-flow interface for peptide analysis. Amino acid-based isoelectric focusing generates a ...
Sánchez-Gordo F - - 2012
A*33:49 has one nucleotide change regarding A*33:01:01 at exon 3, producing an amino acid replacement at codon 97, M97 to I97.
Nimbalkar Mansingraj S - - 2012
Reliable and reproducible techniques for identification and quantification of amino acids usually require derivatization. However, techniques such as LC-MS/MS may perhaps sideline the derivatization with significant accuracy. Understanding the interaction between free amino acids and several physiological processes apparently requires that the pool be studied in the seed itself. Data ...
Chang Meng-Yang - - 2012
A straightforward synthesis of 3,8-dimethoxy-10,11-dihydrobenzo[j]fluoranthen-12-ones 1 is reported in a seven-step route from biphenyl-4,4'-diol 2 via the transformation of a double Claisen rearrangement, cross metathesis with ethyl acrylate, and polyphosphoric acid (PPA)-promoted Friedel-Crafts electrophilic benzannulation in good yields.
Randall Andrew A - - 2012
Addition of an inorganic acid or base was detrimental to net phosphorus removals in short-term batch experiments, suggesting there might be system upset when pH changes. In contrast, addition of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) increased anaerobic phosphorus release and aerobic phosphorus uptake while maintaining or improving net phosphorus removals. The ...
Quijano Celia - - 2012
Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is characterized by permanent growth arrest and the acquisition of a secretory, pro-inflammatory state. Increasingly, OIS is viewed as an important barrier to tumorgenesis. Surprisingly, relatively little is known about the metabolic changes that accompany and therefore may contribute to OIS. Here, we have performed a metabolomic ...
Petrat Frank - - 2012
Ischaemia is amongst the leading causes of death. Despite this importance, there are only a few therapeutic approaches to protect from ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In experimental studies, the amino acid glycine effectively protected from IRI. In the prevention of IRI by glycine in cells and isolated perfused or cold-stored organs ...
Saadeldien Heba M HM Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, - - 2012
Iron supplementation is recommended during pregnancy to meet the needs of the rapidly growing fetus. However, its intake is associated with the generation of destructive free radicals, i.e., oxidative damage to the fetal brain. Folic acid supplementation is needed during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Intake ...
Yuan Li - - 2012
Wheat straw is one of the major lignocellulosic plant residues in many countries including China. An attractive alternative is the utilization of wheat straw for bioethanol production. This article mainly studies a simple one-step wet milling with Penicillium simplicissimum and weak acid to hydrolysis of wheat straw. The optimal condition ...
White E Railey - - 2013
Here, we describe a strategy for synthesis of peptides with multiple unnatural amino acids (UAAs) using in vitro translation. Our method involves removing a natural amino acid and replacing it with an UAA variant in a reconstituted translation system. Whereas other systems require engineered components or chemical synthesis to charge ...
Piotrowska-Cyplik Agnieszka - - 2012
Composting of oiled bleaching earth with waste sludge and corn straw was carried out to investigate the ability of microorganisms to synthesize biosurfactants that might decrease the surface tension of composts. Analytical results and changes in the surface tension suggest that biodegradation of fatty by-products was the consequence of emulsifying ...
Stanley William C WC Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA. - - 2012
Recent evidence has linked n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation with dramatic alterations of mitochondrial phospholipid membranes and favorable changes in mitochondrial function. In the present review, we examine the novel effects of n-3 PUFA on mitochondria, with an emphasis on cardiac mitochondrial phospholipids. There is growing evidence that dietary ...
Arrom L - - 2012
Much effort has been focussed on better understanding the key signals that modulate floral senescence. Although ethylene is one of the most important regulators of floral senescence in several species, Lilium flowers show low sensitivity to ethylene; thus their senescence may be regulated by other hormones. In this study we ...
Berger Bruno - - 2012
Ovaries of newly emerged virgin queens, aged 1, 3, 5, and 10 days, were submitted to an atmosphere of CO(2) for 1min, and studied by transmission electron microscopy. Newly emerged control and experimental queens were kept caged during 15 days with six nurse workers (changed every 2 days) and fed ...
Hughes Austin L - - 2012
The pattern of amino acid residue replacement in the components of the bursicon signaling system (involving the BURSα/BURSβ heterodimer and its receptor BURSrec) was reconstructed across a phylogeny of 17 insect species, in order to test for the co-occurrence of replacements at sets of individual sites. Sets of three or ...
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