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Results 201 - 250 of 2676
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Khalili Mohammad - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative and demyelinating disease of central nervous system. High levels of oxidative stress are associated with inflammation and play an important role in pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. This double-blind, randomized controlled clinical study was carried out to determine the effect of daily consumption of lipoic ...
Zhao Yunliang - - 2013
In-situ measurements of organic compounds in both gas and particle phases were made with a Thermal desorption Aerosol Gas chromatograph (TAG) instrument. The gas/particle partitioning of phthalic acid, pinonaldehyde and 6, 10, 14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone is discussed in detail to explore secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation mechanisms. Measured fractions in the particle ...
Zhang Li - - 2013
Tobacco leaves obtained from different geographical regions in China were profiled using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with multivariate data analyses. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the tobacco metabolome was clearly dependent on geographical origins; climatic conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, and temperature, imposed ...
Ma Xin X Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, - - 2013
Glu, Gln, Pro, and Ala are the main amino acids involved in ammonia detoxification in mosquitoes. In order to develop a tandem mass spectrometry method (MS(2)) to monitor each carbon of the above isotopically-labeled (13)C-amino acids for metabolic studies, the compositions and origins of atoms in fragments of the protonated ...
Kodani Shinya - - 2013
A new polyacetylene carboxylic acid named montiporic acid D (1) was isolated along with a known polyacetylene alcohol, (Z)-13,15-hexadecadien-2,4-diyn-1-ol (2) from scleractinian coral Montipora digitata. The structures of compounds were determined by analyses of NMR and MS spectra.
Chen Yingrong - - 2013
Guizhi decoction (GZD) is a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula, clinically used for the treatment of influenza, common cold, and other pyretic conditions. A sensitive, specific, and validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of cinnamic acid, hippuric acid, paeoniflorin, and glycyrrhetic acid ...
Narváez-Cuenca Carlos-Eduardo - - 2013
In potato tuber, caffeic acid (the predominant hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA)), its conjugates (HCAcs; i.e. chlorogenic acid (ChA), crypto-ChA, and neo-ChA), and anthocyanin-linked HCAs have been extensively described in the literature. In contrast, only little information is available on the occurrence of other HCAcs and didydrohydroxycinnamic acid conjugates (DHCAcs). Fifteen Colombian ...
Raab Andrea - - 2013
Approaches for the unambiguous identification of lipophilic arsenic species in Saccharina latissima (sugar kelp) have been studied. Parallel use of high resolution ICP-MS and ESI-MS after separation revealed that Saccharina latissima contained three distinct classes of lipophilic As-species, a family of arsenic containing phospholipids (AsPL), all including As in the ...
Li Hui - - 2013
Sophorolipids (SLs) were synthesized by Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576 grown on fish oil and glucose. They were purified using preparative HPLC and their structures were identified by MS/MS. The yields of total and lactonic SLs were 47 and 19 g l(-1) in shake-flasks when fish oil 4 % (v/v) was used ...
Kunert Christof - - 2013
N-(1-Methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene) α-amino acids were recently identified in roasted meat as so far unknown advanced glycation end products (AGEs) of creatinine. For the first time, this paper reports on the preparation of 13C-labelled twin molecules of six N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene) α-amino acids and the development of a stable isotope dilution analysis (SIDA) for ...
Zianni Rosalia - - 2013
A full characterization of sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerols (SQDGs) in the lipid extract of spinach leaves has been achieved using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-linear quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry (MS). Low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem MS (MS/MS) of the deprotonated species [M - H](-) was exploited for a detailed study of sulfolipid fragmentation. Losses of neutral fatty ...
Korripally Premsagar - - 2013
Basidiomycetes that cause brown rot of wood are essential biomass recyclers in coniferous forest ecosystems and a major cause of failure in wooden structures. Recent work indicates that distinct lineages of brown rot fungi have arisen independently from ligninolytic white rot ancestors via loss of lignocellulolytic enzymes. Brown rot thus ...
Kongue Michel D T - - 2013
A new hopene-type triterpenoid, namely sonhafouonic acid 1a was isolated from Zehneria scabra camerunensis, together with eight known compounds. The structure of 1a was established by extensive NMR and high resolution MS techniques and confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 1a exhibited inhibitory activity against mycelial growth of two ...
Villalobos Solis Manuel Ivan - - 2013
Reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to negative-ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (RP-LC/ESI-MS/MS) was used to study the fatty acid profile from the oil of harvested field pea (Pisum sativum) varieties as part of a research project to develop this legume as a commercial oilseed for Canada. The seed oils from pea ...
Czarnecki Olaf - - 2013
The formation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) at the beginning of the pathway is the rate limiting step of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and target of multiple timely and spatially organized control mechanisms. Recent discovery of a glutamyl-tRNA reductase-binding protein (GluTRBP), reveals a new insight in the topology of regulation of plant ALA ...
Simas-Tosin Fernanda F - - 2013
Native polysaccharide from pineapple gum (PANP) was obtained following alkaline extraction of gum and fractionation with cetylpyridinium chloride. It was characterized as a glucuronoarabinoxylan using NMR, methylation data, controlled Smith degradation, carboxy-reduction, and ESI-MS of oligosaccharides produced on mild acid hydrolysis of PANP. HSPEC-MALLS-RI of carboxy-reduced fraction showed homogeneous profile ...
Suzuki Toshihiro - - 2013
To create strains that have high productivity of lactic acid without neutralization, a genome-wide screening for strains showing hyper-resistance to 6% l-lactic acid (pH 2.6) was performed using the gene deletion collection of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We identified 94 genes whose disruption led to resistance to 6% lactic acid in rich ...
Løken-Amsrud Kristin I - - 2013
Alpha-tocopherol is the main vitamin E compound in humans, and has important antioxidative and immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to study alpha-tocopherol concentrations and their relationship to disease activity in Norwegian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Prospective cohort study in 88 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients, originally included in ...
Yip Ping K - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive fatal neurodegenerative disease characterised by loss of motor neurons that currently has no cure. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have many health benefits including neuroprotective and myoprotective potential. We tested the hypothesis that a high level of dietary EPA ...
Houspie Lieselot - - 2013
Molecular surveillance of HRSV in Belgium for 15 consecutive seasons (1996-2011) revealed a shift from a regular 3-yearly cyclic pattern, into a yearly alternating periodicity where HRSV-B is replaced by HRSV-A. Phylogenetic analysis for HRSV-A demonstrated the stable circulation of GA2 and GA5, with GA2 being dominant over GA5 during ...
Owczarek Aleksandra - - 2013
Aerial and underground parts of Geum rivale (Rosaceae) were investigated. Tiliroside, gallic acid, ellagic acid and a sterol fraction were isolated from aerial parts of the plant. The sterol fraction was analyzed using GC-MS. Eleven phenolic acids were identified in aerial parts of the plant, and eight in underground parts, ...
Yasuda Akikazu - - 2013
The electrical conductivity of the matrix crystal might be a new factor to enhance matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) sensitivity. In MALDI-MS, several compounds are used as a standard matrix. Utilization of such compounds is based on an a posteriori approach, but there is no theoretical guidance for selecting ...
Saldanha Luiz L - - 2013
The leaves of Myrcia DC. ex Guill species are used in traditional medicine and are also exploited commercially as herbal drugs for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. The present work aimed to assess the qualitative and quantitative profiles of M. bella hydroalcoholic extract, due to these uses, since the existing ...
Tsuruda Sayuri - - 2013
A rapid and simple method for the simultaneous determination of twelve sweeteners and nine preservatives in various foods by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed. The sweeteners and preservatives were extracted from solid samples with 80% and 50% methanol and from liquid samples with 80% methanol, followed by Oasis ...
Wan Luo-Sheng - - 2013
Two rare new chiratane-type triterpenoids, kouitchenoids A and B (1, 2), together with oleanolic acid (3) and ursolic acid (4), were isolated from ethanol extract of Swertia kouitchensis. The new structures were determined by the analysis of MS and NMR data. In addition, compounds 1-4 showed moderate inhibitory activity against ...
Okumura Yoshiyuki - - 2013
A novel elastase inhibitor from Aspergillus nidulans NBRC 4340, Asnidin, was isolated, and biochemical properties and partial amino acid sequence were examined. Column chromatography using diethylaminoethyl (DE) 52-Cellulose and reversed-phase HPLC were used to purify the inhibitor. Purified Asnidin was found to be homogeneous as indicated by reversed-phase HPLC and ...
Holmøy Trygve - - 2013
Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the relationship between serum levels of inflammation markers and MRI activity in patients with relapsing remitting MS, as well as ...
Jagielska Anna - - 2013
Axon remyelination in the central nervous system requires oligodendrocytes that produce myelin. Failure of this repair process is characteristic of neurodegeneration in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and it remains unclear how the lesion microenvironment contributes to decreased remyelination potential of oligodendrocytes. Here, we show that acidic extracellular pH, ...
Zhang Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Multi-origin Chinese herbal medicines, with herbs originating from more than one species of plants, is a common phenomenon but an important issue in Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs). In the present study, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based fatty acid profiling approach to rapidly discriminate multi-origin Chinese medicines in terms of species ...
Cheng Hui-Ling HL National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei, - - 2013
Seventeen compounds, quercetin-3-O-α-l-rhamnoside (1), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (2), apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide (3), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide methyl ester (4), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide ethyl ester (5), chrysoeriol (6), apigenin (7), kaempferol (8), luteolin (9), quercetin (10), methyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (11), p-coumaric acid (12), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (13), hydroquinone (14), protocathehuic acid (15), gallic acid (16), and indole-3-carboxylic acid (17), were ...
Genta-Jouve Grégory G Nice Institute of Chemistry UMR 7272 CNRS-PCRE, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice, France. - - 2013
The marine sponge Haliclona fulva (previously described as Reniera fulva) is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea. The chemical study of the sponge led to the isolation and identification of a new compound: 3-epi-cladocroic acid (1) alongside the previously reported cladocroic acid (2) and some other known compounds previously isolated. The ...
Rezapour-Firouzi Soheila S School of Nutrition and Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran ; Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, - - 2013
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with increased dietary intake of saturated fatty acids. For many years it has been suspected that this disease might be associated with an imbalance between unsaturated and saturated fatty acids. We determined erythrocyte membrane fatty acids levels in Hot nature dietary ...
Piccinelli Anna Lisa - - 2012
Pyranochromanone acids isolated from Calophyllum species have shown a variety of biological potentialities including antioxidant, antiulcer, anticancer and anti-Helicobacter pylori activities. These compounds seem to be the main constituents of Cuban Calophyllum species together xanthones and biflavonoids. Recently, the pyranochromanone acids calophyllic acid, isocalophyllic acid, apetalic acid, calolongic acid, isoapetalic ...
Moreira Ana S P - - 2013
Thermal processing can promote reactions that change the structure of food constituents, often by unknown mechanisms, such as those occurring in arabinose residues of coffee arabinogalactan side chains. Aiming to know more about these modifications, the structurally related α-(1→5)-l-arabinotriose was roasted at 200°C and the products obtained were identified by ...
Khoury Rima Raffoul - - 2012
We report pK(a) values with measurement uncertainties for all labile protons of the 27 tri-peptides prepared from the amino acids glutamic acid (E), glycine (G) and histidine (H). Each tri-peptide (GGG, GGE, GGH, …, HHH) was subjected to alkali titration and pK(a) values were calculated from triplicate potentiometric titrations data ...
Bastiaans D E T - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: We present a case of a patient with multiple sclerosis who was treated with plasmapheresis and valproic acid. We used therapeutic drug monitoring to determine whether plasma concentrations of valproic acid were kept within the therapeutic window and to determine the amount of valproic acid that was removed by ...
Lachman Jaromír - - 2013
The impact of peeling and three cooking treatments (boiling, baking and microwaving) on the content of selected phytochemicals in white-, yellow-, red- and purple-fleshed potatoes was investigated. Ascorbic acid and chlorogenic acid contents were determined by HPLC-DAD, total anthocyanin content by pH-differential spectrophotometry, glycoalkaloid, α-chaconine and α-solanine contents by HPLC-ESI/MS/MS. ...
Tavakoli Rahmatollah - - 2012
The essential-oil and fatty-acid composition of the aerial parts of Ficaria kochii (Ledeb.) Iranshahr & Rech.f. native to Iran, and the antioxidant activity of various extracts of this plant were examined. The study by GC-FID and GC/MS analysis of the essential oil resulted in the identification of 61 compounds, representing ...
Delea T E - - 2012
In the U.K. Medical Research Council Myeloma IX trial (mmix), zoledronic acid 4 mg once every 3-4 weeks, compared with clodronate 1600 mg daily, reduced the incidence of skeletal related events (sres), increased progression-free survival (pfs), and prolonged overall survival (os) in 1970 patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma. The incidence ...
Bhattarai Saurabh S Institute of Biomolecule Reconstruction (IBR), Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, SunMoon University, Asan 336-708, - - 2012
Certain members of the cytochromes P450 superfamily metabolize polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acids to several classes of oxygenated metabolites. An approach based on in silico analysis predicted that Streptomyces peucetius CYP107N3 might be a fatty acid-metabolizing enzyme, showing high homology with epoxidase enzymes. Homology modeling and docking studies of CYP107N3 showed ...
Jiménez-Aligaga Karim - - 2012
Alkenylboronic acids have shown important biological activities that contribute to neuroprotection. We have determined their influence on the β-amyloid (βA) aggregation process, β-secretase and acethylcholinesterase activities on cell-free systems, on the redox and lipid peroxidation status, and on the vulnerability to apoptotic death in an APPswe neuroblastoma cell line, before ...
Woodcock Steven R - - 2012
Nitrated fatty acids are the product of nitrogen dioxide reaction with unsaturated fatty acids. The discovery of peroxynitrite and peroxidase-induced nitration of biomolecules led to the initial reports of endogenous nitrated fatty acids. These species increase during ischemia reperfusion, but concentrations are often at or near the limits of detection. ...
Stojakowska Anna - - 2013
From the root tubers of Lactuca tuberosa, a wild edible plant species, nine phenolic compounds were isolated, including two new furofuran lignan glucosides, named lactuberin A and lactuberin B. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, especially HRESIMS and 2D NMR techniques. This is the first time that compounds belonging ...
Bouzanquet Quentin - - 2012
This study characterizes a novel glutathione-substituted dihydroxyphenyl compound formed during the oxidation of white wine and model wine solutions, which may contribute to the synergistic role of glutathione and hydroxycinnamic acids in delaying oxidative coloration. The critical components for the formation of the compound were found to be hydroxycinnamic acids ...
Ria Roberto - - 2013
The large majority of patients with multiple myeloma develop bone lesions and typically receive bisphosphonates to maintain bone health and prevent/delay skeletal-related events. Recent clinical data show that the newer-generation bisphosphonate, zoledronic acid, may confer a survival benefit when combined with antimyeloma therapy. However, clinical data describing the combination of ...
Matsumori Rie - - 2012
AIM: Very long chain saturated fatty acid (VLCFA) levels in erythrocytes are associated with metabolic syndrome (MS). However, the relationship between levels of the VLCFA ligonoceric acid (C24:0) in erythrocytes and the atherogenic lipoprotein profiles and inflammatory state in MS remain unclear. METHODS: Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) ...
Lee Su Yun - - 2012
The metabolite profile of meju during fermentation was analyzed using mass spectrometry techniques, including GC-MS and LC-MS, and the bacterial diversity was characterized. The relative proportions of bacterial strains indicated that lactic acid bacteria, such as Enterococcus faecium and Leuconostoc lactis, were the dominant species. In partial least-squares discriminate analysis ...
Al Riyami Sulaiman - - 2012
This is a report on the types and patterns of inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) of amino acids, organic acids and fatty acids oxidation detected by Tandem Mass Spectrometry for a period of 10 years (1998-2008) at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), the major centre for diagnosis and management of ...
Riaz Naheed - - 2012
Bengalensinone (22β-hydroxylup-12,20-dien-3-one; 1), a new lupane triterpene, and benganoic acid (2), a new apocarotenoid, together with lupanyl acetate, 3-acetoxy-9(11),12-ursandiene, stigmasterol, alpinumisoflavone, 4-hydroxyacetophenone, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 4-hydroxymellein, and p-coumeric acid were isolated from the methanolic extract of the aerial roots of Ficus bengalensis. The structures of these compounds were established by the ...
Coleman William - - 2012
Based in part on results obtained from the hydrolysis of green house-grown Nicotiana flowers, experiments were then conducted on freshly harvested field-grown Nicotiana flowers. Thus, four different Nicotiana flowers (N. Alata, N. Sylvestris (SY), N. Suaveolens (SU), N. tabacum, cultivar, Flue-Cured (FC)) from farms in Virginia and North Carolina were ...
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