Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2693
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mochizuki Yuko - - 2013
A novel bromoquinolinium reagent, i.e., 1-(3-aminopropyl)-3-bromoquinolinium bromide (APBQ), was synthesized for the analysis of carboxylic acids. A simple and practical pre-column derivatization procedure using the APBQ in reversed-phase chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) has been developed using bile acids and free fatty acids, as the representative carboxylic acids in biological ...
Tong Shengqiang - - 2013
This work concentrates on extending the utilization of multiple dual mode counter-current chromatography in chiral separations. Two aromatic acids, 2-(6-methoxy-2-naphthyl) propionic acid and 2-phenylpropionic acid, were enantioseparated by multiple dual mode counter-current chromatography using hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin as chiral selector. The two-phase solvent systems consisting of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-0.1 mol L(-1) phosphate buffer ...
Bhatia Anil - - 2013
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Solanaceae), commonly known as Ashwagandha, is one of the most valued Indian medicinal plant with several pharmaceutical and nutraceutical applications. Metabolic profiling was performed by GC-MS and NMR spectroscopy on the fruits obtained from four chemotypes of W. somnifera. A combination of (1)H NMR spectroscopy and ...
Tani Yasushi - - 2013
Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) are essential membrane components of eukaryotic cells. Recently, a new type of fungal neogala-series GSL was identified in aureobasidin A-resistant fungi. In this study, we analyzed GSLs from four pathogenic fungal strains belonging to the order Hypocreales, and found that Mariannaea elegans contained both acidic GSLs and neutral ...
Fayek Nesrin M - - 2013
β-amyrin-3-(3'-dimethyl) butyrate, a new natural compound was isolated from the fruits of Manilkara zapota (L.) Van Royen, in addition to lupeol-3-acetate and 4-caffeoylquinic acid (cryptochlorogenic acid). The structures of these compounds were identified using different spectral methods (IR, MS, UV, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR and 2D-NMR). The alcoholic and aqueous extracts of ...
Isobe Kimiyasu - - 2013
Teratosphaeria acidotherma AIU BGA-1 isolated from an acidic and high temperature hot spring produced four intracellular β-d-galactosidases with different pH activity profiles, in which three forms were acidophilic and stable from extremely acidic to neutral pH region. The other one was alkalophilic and unstable in the acidic pH region.
Nagao Ryuji - - 2013
This paper reports the synthesis and the application of novel derivatization reagents possessing a pyridylthiourea structure for the enantiospecific determination of chiral amines and carboxylic acids in high-throughput LC-ESI-MS/MS. The novel reagents, i.e., (R)-N-(3-pyridylthiocarbamoyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (PyT-C) and (S)-3-amino-1-(3-pyridylthiocarbamoyl)pyrrolidine (PyT-N), were evaluated as chiral derivatization reagents for the enantiomeric determination of ...
Hou Aiqin - - 2013
Aqueous solutions of 3,3',4,4'-benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPTCD) were successfully employed in treatment of cotton fabrics to bring multiple functions onto the cotton cellulose. The overall reaction mechanism of the chemical finishing process was investigated. Results revealed that the dianhydride groups of BPTCD were hydrolyzed to tetracarboxylic acid groups, and the ...
Zhang Luxin - - 2013
With the aim to develop an ecologically viable catalytic pathway for furfural production without the use of inorganic acids, H3PW12O40, Amberlyst-5 and NKC-9 (macroporous styrene-based sulfonic acid resin) were used as catalysts for producing furfural from xylose, xylan and lignocellulosic biomass in [BMIM]Cl under microwave irradiation at atmospheric pressure. A ...
Ehrnhoefer-Ressler Miriam M - - 2013
Drinking or gargling Salvia officinalis L. infusion (sage infusion) is thought to soothe a sore throat, tonsillitis, and inflamed, red gums, although structure-based scientific evidence for the key anti-inflammatory compounds in sage infusion is scarce. Human gingival fibroblasts (HGF-1) were treated with sage infusion (SI) or SI fractions containing either ...
Mai Franziska - - 2013
Enzymatic browning is generally reported as the reaction between phenolic substances and enzymes. The quality of iceberg lettuce is directly linked to this discoloration. In particular, the color change of lettuce stems considerably reduces consumer acceptance and thus decreases sales revenue of iceberg lettuce. Ten phenolic compounds (caffeic acid, chlorogenic ...
Gao Jian-Bo - - 2013
A new tetracyclic triterpenoid compound named as mastichinoic acid A (1) was isolated from Mastich. The structure was established as 3,7-dioxo-11β-hydroxy-5α-tirucalla-8,24(Z)-dien-26-oic acid by various spectroscopic techniques including MS, 1D, and 2D NMR and HRTOFMS.
Parrot Delphine - - 2013
A chemical study of the lichen Ramalina siliquosa complex found in Brittany was conducted. Eight chemotypes were considered and their chemical composition was elucidated for the first time by LC-MS analysis. Ten main compounds were identified: conhypoprotocetraric acid (1), salazinic acid (2), peristictic acid (3), cryptostictic acid (4), protocetraric acid ...
Levison Bruce S - - 2013
Oxidized fatty acids formed via lipid peroxidation are implicated in pathological processes such as inflammation and atherosclerosis. A number of methods may be used to detect specific oxidized fatty acids containing a single or multiple combinations of epoxide, hydroxyl, ketone and hydroperoxide moieties on varying carbon chain lengths from C8 ...
Izumikawa Miho - - 2013
As part of our chemical screening program for new microbial secondary metabolites, we discovered a new compound, JBIR-107 (1), from the culture of Streptomyces tateyamensis NBRC 105047 isolated from a marine sponge sample. Extensive NMR and MS spectroscopic data enabled the structure of 1 to be determined as 5-acetamido-6-(4-(methyl(2-oxo-3-phenylpropyl)amino)phenyl)-4-oxohexanoic acid.
Grant-Preece Paris - - 2013
The efficiency of different white wine antioxidant systems in preventing aldehyde production from amino acids by oxidative processes is not well understood. The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of sulphur dioxide alone and in combination with either glutathione, ascorbic acid or its stereoisomer erythorbic acid, in ...
Khalili Mohammad - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative and demyelinating disease of central nervous system. High levels of oxidative stress are associated with inflammation and play an important role in pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. This double-blind, randomized controlled clinical study was carried out to determine the effect of daily consumption of lipoic ...
Zhao Yunliang - - 2013
In-situ measurements of organic compounds in both gas and particle phases were made with a Thermal desorption Aerosol Gas chromatograph (TAG) instrument. The gas/particle partitioning of phthalic acid, pinonaldehyde and 6, 10, 14-trimethyl-2-pentadecanone is discussed in detail to explore secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation mechanisms. Measured fractions in the particle ...
Zhang Li - - 2013
Tobacco leaves obtained from different geographical regions in China were profiled using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) coupled with multivariate data analyses. Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) showed that the tobacco metabolome was clearly dependent on geographical origins; climatic conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, and temperature, imposed ...
Ma Xin X Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, - - 2013
Glu, Gln, Pro, and Ala are the main amino acids involved in ammonia detoxification in mosquitoes. In order to develop a tandem mass spectrometry method (MS(2)) to monitor each carbon of the above isotopically-labeled (13)C-amino acids for metabolic studies, the compositions and origins of atoms in fragments of the protonated ...
Kodani Shinya - - 2013
A new polyacetylene carboxylic acid named montiporic acid D (1) was isolated along with a known polyacetylene alcohol, (Z)-13,15-hexadecadien-2,4-diyn-1-ol (2) from scleractinian coral Montipora digitata. The structures of compounds were determined by analyses of NMR and MS spectra.
Chen Yingrong - - 2013
Guizhi decoction (GZD) is a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula, clinically used for the treatment of influenza, common cold, and other pyretic conditions. A sensitive, specific, and validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of cinnamic acid, hippuric acid, paeoniflorin, and glycyrrhetic acid ...
Narváez-Cuenca Carlos-Eduardo - - 2013
In potato tuber, caffeic acid (the predominant hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA)), its conjugates (HCAcs; i.e. chlorogenic acid (ChA), crypto-ChA, and neo-ChA), and anthocyanin-linked HCAs have been extensively described in the literature. In contrast, only little information is available on the occurrence of other HCAcs and didydrohydroxycinnamic acid conjugates (DHCAcs). Fifteen Colombian ...
Raab Andrea - - 2013
Approaches for the unambiguous identification of lipophilic arsenic species in Saccharina latissima (sugar kelp) have been studied. Parallel use of high resolution ICP-MS and ESI-MS after separation revealed that Saccharina latissima contained three distinct classes of lipophilic As-species, a family of arsenic containing phospholipids (AsPL), all including As in the ...
Li Hui - - 2013
Sophorolipids (SLs) were synthesized by Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576 grown on fish oil and glucose. They were purified using preparative HPLC and their structures were identified by MS/MS. The yields of total and lactonic SLs were 47 and 19 g l(-1) in shake-flasks when fish oil 4 % (v/v) was used ...
Kunert Christof - - 2013
N-(1-Methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene) α-amino acids were recently identified in roasted meat as so far unknown advanced glycation end products (AGEs) of creatinine. For the first time, this paper reports on the preparation of 13C-labelled twin molecules of six N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene) α-amino acids and the development of a stable isotope dilution analysis (SIDA) for ...
Zianni Rosalia - - 2013
A full characterization of sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerols (SQDGs) in the lipid extract of spinach leaves has been achieved using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-linear quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry (MS). Low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem MS (MS/MS) of the deprotonated species [M - H](-) was exploited for a detailed study of sulfolipid fragmentation. Losses of neutral fatty ...
Korripally Premsagar - - 2013
Basidiomycetes that cause brown rot of wood are essential biomass recyclers in coniferous forest ecosystems and a major cause of failure in wooden structures. Recent work indicates that distinct lineages of brown rot fungi have arisen independently from ligninolytic white rot ancestors via loss of lignocellulolytic enzymes. Brown rot thus ...
Kongue Michel D T - - 2013
A new hopene-type triterpenoid, namely sonhafouonic acid 1a was isolated from Zehneria scabra camerunensis, together with eight known compounds. The structure of 1a was established by extensive NMR and high resolution MS techniques and confirmed by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compound 1a exhibited inhibitory activity against mycelial growth of two ...
Villalobos Solis Manuel Ivan - - 2013
Reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled to negative-ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (RP-LC/ESI-MS/MS) was used to study the fatty acid profile from the oil of harvested field pea (Pisum sativum) varieties as part of a research project to develop this legume as a commercial oilseed for Canada. The seed oils from pea ...
Czarnecki Olaf - - 2013
The formation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) at the beginning of the pathway is the rate limiting step of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis and target of multiple timely and spatially organized control mechanisms. Recent discovery of a glutamyl-tRNA reductase-binding protein (GluTRBP), reveals a new insight in the topology of regulation of plant ALA ...
Simas-Tosin Fernanda F - - 2013
Native polysaccharide from pineapple gum (PANP) was obtained following alkaline extraction of gum and fractionation with cetylpyridinium chloride. It was characterized as a glucuronoarabinoxylan using NMR, methylation data, controlled Smith degradation, carboxy-reduction, and ESI-MS of oligosaccharides produced on mild acid hydrolysis of PANP. HSPEC-MALLS-RI of carboxy-reduced fraction showed homogeneous profile ...
Suzuki Toshihiro - - 2013
To create strains that have high productivity of lactic acid without neutralization, a genome-wide screening for strains showing hyper-resistance to 6% l-lactic acid (pH 2.6) was performed using the gene deletion collection of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We identified 94 genes whose disruption led to resistance to 6% lactic acid in rich ...
Løken-Amsrud Kristin I - - 2013
Alpha-tocopherol is the main vitamin E compound in humans, and has important antioxidative and immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to study alpha-tocopherol concentrations and their relationship to disease activity in Norwegian multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Prospective cohort study in 88 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients, originally included in ...
Yip Ping K - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive fatal neurodegenerative disease characterised by loss of motor neurons that currently has no cure. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have many health benefits including neuroprotective and myoprotective potential. We tested the hypothesis that a high level of dietary EPA ...
Houspie Lieselot - - 2013
Molecular surveillance of HRSV in Belgium for 15 consecutive seasons (1996-2011) revealed a shift from a regular 3-yearly cyclic pattern, into a yearly alternating periodicity where HRSV-B is replaced by HRSV-A. Phylogenetic analysis for HRSV-A demonstrated the stable circulation of GA2 and GA5, with GA2 being dominant over GA5 during ...
Owczarek Aleksandra - - 2013
Aerial and underground parts of Geum rivale (Rosaceae) were investigated. Tiliroside, gallic acid, ellagic acid and a sterol fraction were isolated from aerial parts of the plant. The sterol fraction was analyzed using GC-MS. Eleven phenolic acids were identified in aerial parts of the plant, and eight in underground parts, ...
Yasuda Akikazu - - 2013
The electrical conductivity of the matrix crystal might be a new factor to enhance matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) sensitivity. In MALDI-MS, several compounds are used as a standard matrix. Utilization of such compounds is based on an a posteriori approach, but there is no theoretical guidance for selecting ...
Saldanha Luiz L - - 2013
The leaves of Myrcia DC. ex Guill species are used in traditional medicine and are also exploited commercially as herbal drugs for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. The present work aimed to assess the qualitative and quantitative profiles of M. bella hydroalcoholic extract, due to these uses, since the existing ...
Tsuruda Sayuri - - 2013
A rapid and simple method for the simultaneous determination of twelve sweeteners and nine preservatives in various foods by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed. The sweeteners and preservatives were extracted from solid samples with 80% and 50% methanol and from liquid samples with 80% methanol, followed by Oasis ...
Wan Luo-Sheng - - 2013
Two rare new chiratane-type triterpenoids, kouitchenoids A and B (1, 2), together with oleanolic acid (3) and ursolic acid (4), were isolated from ethanol extract of Swertia kouitchensis. The new structures were determined by the analysis of MS and NMR data. In addition, compounds 1-4 showed moderate inhibitory activity against ...
Okumura Yoshiyuki - - 2013
A novel elastase inhibitor from Aspergillus nidulans NBRC 4340, Asnidin, was isolated, and biochemical properties and partial amino acid sequence were examined. Column chromatography using diethylaminoethyl (DE) 52-Cellulose and reversed-phase HPLC were used to purify the inhibitor. Purified Asnidin was found to be homogeneous as indicated by reversed-phase HPLC and ...
Holmøy Trygve - - 2013
Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the relationship between serum levels of inflammation markers and MRI activity in patients with relapsing remitting MS, as well as ...
Jagielska Anna - - 2013
Axon remyelination in the central nervous system requires oligodendrocytes that produce myelin. Failure of this repair process is characteristic of neurodegeneration in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and it remains unclear how the lesion microenvironment contributes to decreased remyelination potential of oligodendrocytes. Here, we show that acidic extracellular pH, ...
Zhang Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Multi-origin Chinese herbal medicines, with herbs originating from more than one species of plants, is a common phenomenon but an important issue in Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs). In the present study, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based fatty acid profiling approach to rapidly discriminate multi-origin Chinese medicines in terms of species ...
Cheng Hui-Ling HL National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei, - - 2013
Seventeen compounds, quercetin-3-O-α-l-rhamnoside (1), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (2), apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide (3), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide methyl ester (4), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide ethyl ester (5), chrysoeriol (6), apigenin (7), kaempferol (8), luteolin (9), quercetin (10), methyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (11), p-coumaric acid (12), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (13), hydroquinone (14), protocathehuic acid (15), gallic acid (16), and indole-3-carboxylic acid (17), were ...
Genta-Jouve Grégory G Nice Institute of Chemistry UMR 7272 CNRS-PCRE, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice, France. - - 2013
The marine sponge Haliclona fulva (previously described as Reniera fulva) is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea. The chemical study of the sponge led to the isolation and identification of a new compound: 3-epi-cladocroic acid (1) alongside the previously reported cladocroic acid (2) and some other known compounds previously isolated. The ...
Rezapour-Firouzi Soheila S School of Nutrition and Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran ; Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, - - 2013
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with increased dietary intake of saturated fatty acids. For many years it has been suspected that this disease might be associated with an imbalance between unsaturated and saturated fatty acids. We determined erythrocyte membrane fatty acids levels in Hot nature dietary ...
Croskrey Jason A JA Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2013
To evaluate the rates of adverse reactions to suture materials and compare the rates for plain gut, polyglycolic acid, and polyglactin 910. Postoperative adverse suture reaction rates were compared using Fisher exact test. One hundred and forty-six patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy were included in this study. Adverse suture ...
Piccinelli Anna Lisa - - 2012
Pyranochromanone acids isolated from Calophyllum species have shown a variety of biological potentialities including antioxidant, antiulcer, anticancer and anti-Helicobacter pylori activities. These compounds seem to be the main constituents of Cuban Calophyllum species together xanthones and biflavonoids. Recently, the pyranochromanone acids calophyllic acid, isocalophyllic acid, apetalic acid, calolongic acid, isoapetalic ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >