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Results 201 - 250 of 2608
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Xu Zhigang Z College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona, Oro Valley, 85737, United - - 2012
An Ugi one-pot three-component four-center reaction was coupled with a subsequent acid mediated cyclodehydration step to furnish a multitude of unique scaffolds having in common an embedded or attached benzimidazole and often a ring system formed through lactamization. Using combinations of tethered Ugi inputs typically via tethered acid-ketone inputs and ...
Lee Do Yup do - - 2012
Drastic alterations in macronutrients are known to cause large changes in biochemistry and gene expression in the photosynthetic alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. However, metabolomic and proteomic responses to subtle reductions in macronutrients have not yet been studied. When ammonium levels were reduced by 25-100% compared with control cultures, ammonium uptake and ...
Yang Maiyun - - 2012
Live-cell pH measurements: An environment-sensitive fluorophore (green) was site-specifically introduced on HdeA, an acid-resistant chaperone showing pH-mediated conformational changes under low pH conditions. A survey of the attachment sites led to the discovery of one position on HdeA at which the attached fluorophore showed a strong fluorescence increase upon acidification.
Li Xiao - - 2012
This study was carried out to ascertain the behavior and fermentation performance of mixed yeasts in mango juices of three varieties. Saccharomyces cerevisiae MERIT.ferm and Williopsis saturnus var. mrakii NCYC500 at a ratio of 1:1000 were simultaneously inoculated into juices of three mango (Mangifera indica L.) varieties (R2E2, Harum Manis ...
Kudryavtseva Yu V - - 2012
A dependency was found between total protein content and cataract maturity (P=-0.91, p<0.01). LPO intensity sharply increased and remained stably high after appearance of lens opacity. A strict negative correlation was found between the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in earwax and lens nucleus (P=-0.7, p<0.01). The content of conjugated ...
Shukla Shastri P - - 2012
An attempt was made to standardize the protocol for the shoot regeneration via caulogenesis in Pteris vittata L. employing leaf primordium explants. Calli were induced on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) and Parkers and Thompson's (P and T) media supplemented with different combinations of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyaceticacid (2, 4-D), 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), alpha-naphthalene ...
Reyes Lino - - 2012
In this work, the substituent effect of several alkyl groups (-CH3; -CH2CH3; -CH2CH2CH3; -CH(CH3)2; -C6H11; -C(CH3)3) in the rate-determining step of the catalyzed Baeyer-Villiger reaction of phenyl alkyl ketones with performic (PFA) and trifluoroperacetic (TFPAA) acids are studied in detail, within the density functional theory framework. Our results shown that ...
Zulyniak Michael A - - 2012
Serum triglyceride levels are associated with metabolic disorders; however, it remains unclear whether the fatty acid (FA) composition of triglycerides is also changed. Although there were no differences in circulating triglyceride levels between normoglycaemic-normoinsulinaemic and hyperglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic men, inspection of individual FA revealed that vaccenic acid was enriched with hyperglycaemia-hyperinsulinaemia. Moreover, ...
Campbell Dahlia I - - 2012
Desorption electrospray ionization imaging allows biomarker discovery and disease diagnosis through chemical characterization of biological samples in their native environment. Optimization of experimental parameters including emitter capillary size, solvent composition, solvent flow rate, mass spectrometry scan-rate and step-size is shown here to improve the resolution available in the study of ...
Arroyo-Abad Uriel - - 2012
A set of organoarsenicals were identified in aqueous phenylarsonic acid (PA) and o-arsanilic acid (AA) solutions treated with soil of volcanic origin in batch systems. The transformation products were separated by liquid chromatography (RP-LC) and identified with element selective inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) as well as molecular selective electrospray ...
Wu Jiao - - 2012
The metabolic changes of bacterial blight-resistant line C418/Xa23 generated by molecular marker-assisted selection (n= 12), transgenic variety C418-Xa21 generated by using the Agrobacterium-mediated system (n= 12), and progenitor cultivar C418 (n= 12) were monitored using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The validation, discrimination, and establishment of correlative relationships between metabolite signals were ...
Tanaka Naoki - - 2012
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease that can develop into cirrhosis, hepatic failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although several metabolic pathways are disrupted and endogenous metabolites may change in NASH, the alterations in serum metabolites during NASH development remain unclear. To gain insight into the ...
Okubo Kazumasa - - 2012
Ca(v) 3.2 T-type calcium channels, targeted by H(2) S, are involved in neuropathic hyperalgesia in rats and ascorbic acid inhibits Ca(v) 3.2 channels. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of intraplantar (i.pl.) administration of ascorbic acid or topical application of disodium isostearyl 2-O-L-ascorbyl phosphate (DI-VCP), a skin-permeable ascorbate derivative on hyperalgesia ...
Park Young Jae - - 2012
Type I collagen is a major extracellular matrix component and its hierarchical structure plays an essential role in the regulation of cellular behavior. Here, we have analyzed the changes in the morphological, chemical, and mechanical properties of collagen fibrils induced by acidic and thermal treatments and the influence on the ...
Itakura Hiroshige - - 2012
Aim: The Japan EPA Lipid Intervention Study (JELIS) reported a 19% reduction of the risk for coronary artery disease after long-term use of pure eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in Japanese patients with hypercholesterolemia. The variation in plasma fatty acid composition influenced the risk of coronary events. The aim of this study ...
Gong Yangmin - - 2012
Alteration of lipid biosynthesis is one of important biochemical changes when oleaginous microalgae grow under varied environmental conditions. The effects of culture age and nutrient limitation on triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation and fatty acid content were investigated in four eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-rich marine microalgae. The amounts of TAGs in Chaetoceros sp., ...
Würtz Peter - - 2012
Metabolite predictors of deteriorating glucose tolerance may elucidate the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. We investigated associations of circulating metabolites from high-throughput profiling with fasting and postload glycemia cross-sectionally and prospectively on the population level. Oral glucose tolerance was assessed in two Finnish, population-based studies consisting of 1,873 individuals (mean ...
Ferriola D - - 2012
HLA-A*23:50 differs from HLA-A*23:01:01 by one nucleotide at position 112 resulting in an amino acid change, Arginine to Tryptophan, at codon 14 of exon 2.
Zhu Guijie - - 2012
Six amino acids with pIs that ranged from 3.2 to 9.7 were used as ampholytes to establish a pH gradient in capillary isoelectric focusing. This amino acid-based capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF) was coupled with ESI-MS/MS using an electrokinetically pumped sheath-flow interface for peptide analysis. Amino acid-based isoelectric focusing generates a ...
Sánchez-Gordo F - - 2012
A*33:49 has one nucleotide change regarding A*33:01:01 at exon 3, producing an amino acid replacement at codon 97, M97 to I97.
Nimbalkar Mansingraj S - - 2012
Reliable and reproducible techniques for identification and quantification of amino acids usually require derivatization. However, techniques such as LC-MS/MS may perhaps sideline the derivatization with significant accuracy. Understanding the interaction between free amino acids and several physiological processes apparently requires that the pool be studied in the seed itself. Data ...
Chang Meng-Yang - - 2012
A straightforward synthesis of 3,8-dimethoxy-10,11-dihydrobenzo[j]fluoranthen-12-ones 1 is reported in a seven-step route from biphenyl-4,4'-diol 2 via the transformation of a double Claisen rearrangement, cross metathesis with ethyl acrylate, and polyphosphoric acid (PPA)-promoted Friedel-Crafts electrophilic benzannulation in good yields.
Randall Andrew A - - 2012
Addition of an inorganic acid or base was detrimental to net phosphorus removals in short-term batch experiments, suggesting there might be system upset when pH changes. In contrast, addition of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) increased anaerobic phosphorus release and aerobic phosphorus uptake while maintaining or improving net phosphorus removals. The ...
Quijano Celia - - 2012
Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) is characterized by permanent growth arrest and the acquisition of a secretory, pro-inflammatory state. Increasingly, OIS is viewed as an important barrier to tumorgenesis. Surprisingly, relatively little is known about the metabolic changes that accompany and therefore may contribute to OIS. Here, we have performed a metabolomic ...
Petrat Frank - - 2012
Ischaemia is amongst the leading causes of death. Despite this importance, there are only a few therapeutic approaches to protect from ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In experimental studies, the amino acid glycine effectively protected from IRI. In the prevention of IRI by glycine in cells and isolated perfused or cold-stored organs ...
Saadeldien Heba M HM Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, - - 2012
Iron supplementation is recommended during pregnancy to meet the needs of the rapidly growing fetus. However, its intake is associated with the generation of destructive free radicals, i.e., oxidative damage to the fetal brain. Folic acid supplementation is needed during pregnancy to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Intake ...
Yuan Li - - 2012
Wheat straw is one of the major lignocellulosic plant residues in many countries including China. An attractive alternative is the utilization of wheat straw for bioethanol production. This article mainly studies a simple one-step wet milling with Penicillium simplicissimum and weak acid to hydrolysis of wheat straw. The optimal condition ...
White E Railey - - 2013
Here, we describe a strategy for synthesis of peptides with multiple unnatural amino acids (UAAs) using in vitro translation. Our method involves removing a natural amino acid and replacing it with an UAA variant in a reconstituted translation system. Whereas other systems require engineered components or chemical synthesis to charge ...
Piotrowska-Cyplik Agnieszka - - 2012
Composting of oiled bleaching earth with waste sludge and corn straw was carried out to investigate the ability of microorganisms to synthesize biosurfactants that might decrease the surface tension of composts. Analytical results and changes in the surface tension suggest that biodegradation of fatty by-products was the consequence of emulsifying ...
Stanley William C WC Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA. - - 2012
Recent evidence has linked n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation with dramatic alterations of mitochondrial phospholipid membranes and favorable changes in mitochondrial function. In the present review, we examine the novel effects of n-3 PUFA on mitochondria, with an emphasis on cardiac mitochondrial phospholipids. There is growing evidence that dietary ...
Arrom L - - 2012
Much effort has been focussed on better understanding the key signals that modulate floral senescence. Although ethylene is one of the most important regulators of floral senescence in several species, Lilium flowers show low sensitivity to ethylene; thus their senescence may be regulated by other hormones. In this study we ...
Berger Bruno - - 2012
Ovaries of newly emerged virgin queens, aged 1, 3, 5, and 10 days, were submitted to an atmosphere of CO(2) for 1min, and studied by transmission electron microscopy. Newly emerged control and experimental queens were kept caged during 15 days with six nurse workers (changed every 2 days) and fed ...
Hughes Austin L - - 2012
The pattern of amino acid residue replacement in the components of the bursicon signaling system (involving the BURSα/BURSβ heterodimer and its receptor BURSrec) was reconstructed across a phylogeny of 17 insect species, in order to test for the co-occurrence of replacements at sets of individual sites. Sets of three or ...
Rocha George J M - - 2012
Five pilot-scale steam explosion pretreatments of sugarcane bagasse followed by alkaline delignification were explored. The solubilised lignin was precipitated with 98% sulphuric acid. Most of the pentosan (82.6%), and the acetyl group fractions were solubilised during pretreatment, while 90.2% of cellulose and 87.0% lignin were recovered in the solid fraction. ...
Beckstrom Andrew C - - 2012
The fetal-to-neonatal transition is one of the most complex processes in biological existence; much is unknown about this transition on the molecular and biochemical level. Based on growing metabolomics literature, we hypothesize that metabolomic analysis will reveal the key biochemical intermediates that change during the birth transition. Using two-dimensional gas ...
Walvoort Marthe T C - - 2012
A big step towards routine: The title synthesis provides of mannuronic acid alginate fragments featuring up to 12 cis-mannosidic linkages, in multi-milligram quantities (see scheme; Bn=benzyl, Lev=levulinoyl). Mannuronic acid building blocks were used in a second-generation carbohydrate synthesizer to secure the stereoselective introduction of the β-mannosidic bonds in a fully ...
Swelsen W T N - - 2012
The new A*03:134 differs from A*03:01:01:01 by one amino acid change at codon 264.
Sanchez-Patan Fernando - - 2012
An in vitro batch culture fermentation experiment was conducted with faecal inocula from three healthy volunteers in the presence and absence of a red wine extract. Changes in main bacterial groups were determined by FISH during a 48 h fermentation period. The catabolism of main flavonoids (i.e., flavan-3-ols and anthocyanins) ...
Chen Jiabin - - 2012
Acidic pharmaceuticals such as diclofenac (DCF), clofibric acid (CA) and ketoprofen (KTP) have been detected frequently in environmental media. In order to reveal the toxicity of such emerging pollutants, their interactions with human serum albumin (HSA) were investigated by capillary electrophoresis, molecular spectrometry, and equilibrium dialysis. The binding constants and ...
Norris Sarah E - - 2012
Phospholipids where both fatty acids are polyunsaturated are very rare. Most organisms prefer to couple their polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) with either a saturated (SAT) or a monounsaturated (MUFA) fatty acid. This study examined if these natural couplings are there to protect PUFA from themselves. Specifically, does the coupling of ...
Cevallos-Cevallos Juan M - - 2012
Huanglongbing (HLB) is the most destructive disease of citrus worldwide. The rapid identification of tolerant varieties is considered a critical step towards controlling HLB. GC-MS metabolite profiles were used to differentiate HLB-tolerant citrus varieties 'Poncirus trifoliata' (TR) and 'Carrizo citrange' (CAR) from HLB-sensitive varieties 'Madam Vinous sweet orange' (MV) and ...
Nakamura Hideaki - - 2012
D-Amino acid oxidase (DAO) is a hydrogen peroxide-generating enzyme that uses a D-amino acid as a substrate. We hypothesized that DAO may protect against bacterial infection, because hydrogen peroxide is one of the most important molecules in the antibacterial defense systems in mammals. We show here that DAO suppressed the ...
Rand Amy A - - 2012
Fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) have been shown to degrade via abiotic and biotic mechanisms to perfluorocarboxylates (PFCAs) which are environmentally persistent and bioaccumulate in humans and wildlife depending on their chain length. Fluorotelomer unsaturated aldehydes (FTUALs) and acids (FTUCAs) are intermediate metabolites that form from the degradation of FTOHs. Their potential ...
Buhrke Thorsten - - 2012
Furan fatty acids (furan-FA) can be formed by auto-oxidation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and may therefore be ingested when CLA-containing foodstuff is consumed. Due to the presence of a furan ring structure, furan-FA may have toxic properties, however, these substances are toxicologically not well characterized so far. Here we ...
Sun Liping - - 2012
  The soluble phenolic compounds of rambutan peels (RP) were extracted by microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and the operating parameters were optimized. The optimal conditions obtained were ethanol concentration of 80.85%, extraction time of 58.39 s, and the ratio of liquid to solid of 24.51:1. The soluble phenolic content by MAE ...
Pincemail Joël - - 2012
Strawberries are a good source of micronutrients, especially antioxidant phenolics. More information is needed to better exploit the health-promoting effect of such fruits. Several studies focused on the effects of genotype, cultural practices, and seasonal variation on the antioxidant potential of strawberries, but often yielding contradictory results and/or focusing on ...
Vega Mercado Franco - - 2012
The phase diagram of mixed monolayers composed of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and stearic acid (SA) on different subphases was previously reported. It was observed that on acid subphases, liquid-condensed domains with shapes that depend on the SA proportion are formed. For mixtures with 40-45mole% of SA, the domain shape changes ...
Almaida-Pagán Pedro F - - 2012
Membrane compositions, particularly of mitochondria, could be critical factors in the mechanisms of growth and aging processes, especially during phases of high oxidative stress that result in molecular damage. In the present study, liver and mitochondrial membrane phospholipid (PL) compositions were analyzed in rainbow trout during its four first years ...
Pal Moumita - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of α-linolenic acid and α-eleostearic acid, two isomers of linolenic acid, against oxidative stress induced by organic mercury in kidney and liver cells of rat. Male albino rats were divided into six groups. Groups 1, 2 were normal control and methyl ...
Dong Jing Z - - 2012
To investigate the effects of selenium on the main active components of Cordyceps militaris fruit bodies, selenium-enriched cultivation of C. militaris and the main active components of the fruit bodies were studied. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and contents of cordycepin, cordycepic acid, and organic selenium of fruit bodies were sodium ...
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