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Okumura Yoshiyuki - - 2013
A novel elastase inhibitor from Aspergillus nidulans NBRC 4340, Asnidin, was isolated, and biochemical properties and partial amino acid sequence were examined. Column chromatography using diethylaminoethyl (DE) 52-Cellulose and reversed-phase HPLC were used to purify the inhibitor. Purified Asnidin was found to be homogeneous as indicated by reversed-phase HPLC and ...
Holmøy Trygve - - 2013
Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the relationship between serum levels of inflammation markers and MRI activity in patients with relapsing remitting MS, as well as ...
Jagielska Anna - - 2013
Axon remyelination in the central nervous system requires oligodendrocytes that produce myelin. Failure of this repair process is characteristic of neurodegeneration in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis, and it remains unclear how the lesion microenvironment contributes to decreased remyelination potential of oligodendrocytes. Here, we show that acidic extracellular pH, ...
Rezapour-Firouzi Soheila - - 2013
The risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with increased dietary intake of saturated fatty acids. For many years it has been suspected that this disease might be associated with an imbalance between unsaturated and saturated fatty acids. We determined erythrocyte membrane fatty acids levels in Hot nature dietary ...
Zhang Xiao-Jing - - 2013
Multi-origin Chinese herbal medicines, with herbs originating from more than one species of plants, is a common phenomenon but an important issue in Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs). In the present study, a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based fatty acid profiling approach to rapidly discriminate multi-origin Chinese medicines in terms of species ...
Cheng Hui-Ling HL National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Taipei, - - 2013
Seventeen compounds, quercetin-3-O-α-l-rhamnoside (1), kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnoside (2), apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide (3), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide methyl ester (4), apigenin 7-O-β-D-glucuronide ethyl ester (5), chrysoeriol (6), apigenin (7), kaempferol (8), luteolin (9), quercetin (10), methyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (11), p-coumaric acid (12), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (13), hydroquinone (14), protocathehuic acid (15), gallic acid (16), and indole-3-carboxylic acid (17), were ...
Genta-Jouve Grégory G Nice Institute of Chemistry UMR 7272 CNRS-PCRE, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice, France. - - 2013
The marine sponge Haliclona fulva (previously described as Reniera fulva) is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea. The chemical study of the sponge led to the isolation and identification of a new compound: 3-epi-cladocroic acid (1) alongside the previously reported cladocroic acid (2) and some other known compounds previously isolated. The ...
Piccinelli Anna Lisa - - 2012
Pyranochromanone acids isolated from Calophyllum species have shown a variety of biological potentialities including antioxidant, antiulcer, anticancer and anti-Helicobacter pylori activities. These compounds seem to be the main constituents of Cuban Calophyllum species together xanthones and biflavonoids. Recently, the pyranochromanone acids calophyllic acid, isocalophyllic acid, apetalic acid, calolongic acid, isoapetalic ...
Moreira Ana S P - - 2013
Thermal processing can promote reactions that change the structure of food constituents, often by unknown mechanisms, such as those occurring in arabinose residues of coffee arabinogalactan side chains. Aiming to know more about these modifications, the structurally related α-(1→5)-l-arabinotriose was roasted at 200°C and the products obtained were identified by ...
Khoury Rima Raffoul - - 2012
We report pK(a) values with measurement uncertainties for all labile protons of the 27 tri-peptides prepared from the amino acids glutamic acid (E), glycine (G) and histidine (H). Each tri-peptide (GGG, GGE, GGH, …, HHH) was subjected to alkali titration and pK(a) values were calculated from triplicate potentiometric titrations data ...
Bastiaans D E T - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: We present a case of a patient with multiple sclerosis who was treated with plasmapheresis and valproic acid. We used therapeutic drug monitoring to determine whether plasma concentrations of valproic acid were kept within the therapeutic window and to determine the amount of valproic acid that was removed by ...
Lachman Jaromír - - 2013
The impact of peeling and three cooking treatments (boiling, baking and microwaving) on the content of selected phytochemicals in white-, yellow-, red- and purple-fleshed potatoes was investigated. Ascorbic acid and chlorogenic acid contents were determined by HPLC-DAD, total anthocyanin content by pH-differential spectrophotometry, glycoalkaloid, α-chaconine and α-solanine contents by HPLC-ESI/MS/MS. ...
Bhattarai Saurabh - - 2012
Certain members of the cytochromes P450 superfamily metabolize polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acids to several classes of oxygenated metabolites. An approach based on in silico analysis predicted that Streptomyces peucetius CYP107N3 might be a fatty acid-metabolizing enzyme, showing high homology with epoxidase enzymes. Homology modeling and docking studies of CYP107N3 showed ...
Tavakoli Rahmatollah - - 2012
The essential-oil and fatty-acid composition of the aerial parts of Ficaria kochii (Ledeb.) Iranshahr & Rech.f. native to Iran, and the antioxidant activity of various extracts of this plant were examined. The study by GC-FID and GC/MS analysis of the essential oil resulted in the identification of 61 compounds, representing ...
Delea T E - - 2012
In the U.K. Medical Research Council Myeloma IX trial (mmix), zoledronic acid 4 mg once every 3-4 weeks, compared with clodronate 1600 mg daily, reduced the incidence of skeletal related events (sres), increased progression-free survival (pfs), and prolonged overall survival (os) in 1970 patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma. The incidence ...
Jiménez-Aligaga Karim - - 2012
Alkenylboronic acids have shown important biological activities that contribute to neuroprotection. We have determined their influence on the β-amyloid (βA) aggregation process, β-secretase and acethylcholinesterase activities on cell-free systems, on the redox and lipid peroxidation status, and on the vulnerability to apoptotic death in an APPswe neuroblastoma cell line, before ...
Woodcock Steven R - - 2012
Nitrated fatty acids are the product of nitrogen dioxide reaction with unsaturated fatty acids. The discovery of peroxynitrite and peroxidase-induced nitration of biomolecules led to the initial reports of endogenous nitrated fatty acids. These species increase during ischemia reperfusion, but concentrations are often at or near the limits of detection. ...
Stojakowska Anna - - 2013
From the root tubers of Lactuca tuberosa, a wild edible plant species, nine phenolic compounds were isolated, including two new furofuran lignan glucosides, named lactuberin A and lactuberin B. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, especially HRESIMS and 2D NMR techniques. This is the first time that compounds belonging ...
Bouzanquet Quentin - - 2012
This study characterizes a novel glutathione-substituted dihydroxyphenyl compound formed during the oxidation of white wine and model wine solutions, which may contribute to the synergistic role of glutathione and hydroxycinnamic acids in delaying oxidative coloration. The critical components for the formation of the compound were found to be hydroxycinnamic acids ...
Ria Roberto - - 2013
The large majority of patients with multiple myeloma develop bone lesions and typically receive bisphosphonates to maintain bone health and prevent/delay skeletal-related events. Recent clinical data show that the newer-generation bisphosphonate, zoledronic acid, may confer a survival benefit when combined with antimyeloma therapy. However, clinical data describing the combination of ...
Matsumori Rie - - 2012
AIM: Very long chain saturated fatty acid (VLCFA) levels in erythrocytes are associated with metabolic syndrome (MS). However, the relationship between levels of the VLCFA ligonoceric acid (C24:0) in erythrocytes and the atherogenic lipoprotein profiles and inflammatory state in MS remain unclear. METHODS: Based on the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) ...
Lee Su Yun - - 2012
The metabolite profile of meju during fermentation was analyzed using mass spectrometry techniques, including GC-MS and LC-MS, and the bacterial diversity was characterized. The relative proportions of bacterial strains indicated that lactic acid bacteria, such as Enterococcus faecium and Leuconostoc lactis, were the dominant species. In partial least-squares discriminate analysis ...
Al Riyami Sulaiman - - 2012
This is a report on the types and patterns of inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) of amino acids, organic acids and fatty acids oxidation detected by Tandem Mass Spectrometry for a period of 10 years (1998-2008) at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), the major centre for diagnosis and management of ...
Riaz Naheed - - 2012
Bengalensinone (22β-hydroxylup-12,20-dien-3-one; 1), a new lupane triterpene, and benganoic acid (2), a new apocarotenoid, together with lupanyl acetate, 3-acetoxy-9(11),12-ursandiene, stigmasterol, alpinumisoflavone, 4-hydroxyacetophenone, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 4-hydroxymellein, and p-coumeric acid were isolated from the methanolic extract of the aerial roots of Ficus bengalensis. The structures of these compounds were established by the ...
Coleman William - - 2012
Based in part on results obtained from the hydrolysis of green house-grown Nicotiana flowers, experiments were then conducted on freshly harvested field-grown Nicotiana flowers. Thus, four different Nicotiana flowers (N. Alata, N. Sylvestris (SY), N. Suaveolens (SU), N. tabacum, cultivar, Flue-Cured (FC)) from farms in Virginia and North Carolina were ...
Gauri Samiran S - - 2012
AIMS: To examine tannic acid (TA) utilization capacity by nitrogen fixing bacteria, Azotobacter sp. SSB81 and identify the intermediate products during biotransformation. Another aim of this work is to investigate the effects of TA on major biopolymers (EPS and PHB) synthesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tannic acid utilization and tolerance capacity ...
Smith Mark A - - 2012
Triacylglycerol estolides have been reported as components of the seed oil of a number of plant species and are generally associated with the presence of fatty acids containing hydroxyl groups. We have used MALDI-TOF MS to examine the intact acylglycerol species present in the seed oils of two plants that ...
von Geldern Gloria - - 2012
The effect of nutrition and dietary supplements on the course of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a topic of great interest to both patients and clinicians. In particular, vitamin D status has been shown to influence both the incidence and the course of MS. High vitamin D levels are probably protective ...
Hibi M - - 2012
An Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase, SadA, was obtained from Burkholderia ambifaria AMMD and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. Purified recombinant SadA had catalytic activity toward several N-substituted L-amino acids, which was especially strong with N-succinyl L-leucine. With the NMR and LC-MS analysis, SadA converted N-succinyl L-leucine into N-succinyl L-threo-β-hydroxyleucine with >99% diastreoselectivity. ...
Gohar A A - - 2012
One new compound: 3,4-dihydro-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4-methyl-2H-pyrrol-2-ol (5) was isolated from the fruits and bark of Callistemon viminalis along with the known compounds lupeol (1), octacosanol (2), β-sitosterol (3), betulin (4), betulinic acid (6), ursolic acid (7), corosolic acid (8), β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside (9), methyl gallate (10), gallic acid (11), catechin (12), ellagic acid (13) ...
Atherton Tom - - 2012
The analysis of the chemical composition of fingerprints is important for the development and improvement of existing fingerprint enhancement techniques. This study demonstrates the first analysis of a latent fingerprint sample, using an optimized CE-MS method. In total 12 amino acids were detected in the fingerprint sample. MS/MS fragmentation was ...
Pang Xu - - 2012
Two new kaurene diterpenoid glycosides, named Graecumoside A (1) and B (2), were isolated from fenugreek seeds, along with three known flavonoid-C-glycosides, isoorientin (3), isovitexin (4) and vitexin (5). By combined analyses of 1D- and 2D-NMR, and MS spectroscopy, the structures of two new compounds were elucidated as 3-O-β- D-glucopyranosyl ...
Guerard Jennifer J - - 2012
Ormetoprim (OMP) is an antibiotic approved for use in the United States to prevent the spread of disease in freshwater aquaculture. It has been shown in the previous literature to be photochemically stable to direct photolysis, but the role of photosensitization processes in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) ...
Koga Reiko - - 2012
A validated and fully automated chiral 2D-HPLC system was developed for the simultaneous determination of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) analogues by combining a long microbore-monolithic ODS column (0.53mm i.d.×1000mm) and narrowbore-enantioselective columns (1.5mm i.d.×150 or 250mm). The target analytes, enantiomers of N-methylaspartic acid (NMA) and N-methylglutamic acid (NMG), were precolumn-derivatized with ...
Chen Xia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM) mucosa observed in Barrett's esophagus (BE) has been a hot research topic due to the close relationship with adenocarcinoma of esophagus (ACE). Earlier studies found that SIM mucosa was similar to normal intestinal epithelium on morphology and histology. The signal pathway involved in conformation of ...
Muroya Yoshikazu - - 2012
Proteinuria is considered to play an essential role in the progression of tubulointerstitial damage which causes end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Fatty acid-binding albumin are filtered through glomeruli and reabsorbed into the proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs). However, the role of fatty acid metabolism associated with albuminuria in developing tubulointerstitial damage ...
Ye Chunhong C School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, P R - - 2012
We studied the pH-responsive behavior of layer-by-layer (LbL) microcapsules fabricated from silk fibroin chemically modified with different poly amino acid side chains: cationic (silk-poly L-lysine, SF-PL) or anionic (silk-poly-L-glutamic acid, SF-PG). We observed that stable ultrathin shell microcapsules can be assembled with a dramatic increase in swelling, thickness, and microroughness ...
Abe Yuriko - - 2012
Aims: Plasma fatty acid composition can change with age, reflecting diet and levels of desaturating enzymes such as stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D), which contribute to the development of insulin resistance. This study analyzed longitudinal changes in fatty acid composition in Japanese children during early ...
Lygin Anatoliy V - - 2012
Metabolic changes were studied, which accompanied the conversion of 6month old HiII maize non-regenerable (NR) calli into regenerable (R) calli when cultured for 63days with 10% polyethylene glycol (PEG) (3350MW) in culture medium. The conversion of 6month old NR to R callus morphotype caused by PEG application decreased cell wall ...
Castillo-Lancellotti Cecilia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the impact of folic acid fortification of flour on the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTD). DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature on MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, OvidSP and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) reporting the impact of folic acid fortification of flour on ...
Gaspar Cláudia R B S - - 2012
Off-flavours develop naturally in butter and the process is accelerated by heat. An acoustic wave sensor was used to detect the aroma compounds evolved from heated butter and the results have shown that registered marked changes were coincident to odour changes detected by sensory analysis. The flavour compounds have also ...
Kundu Arpita - - 2012
We have determined the non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of α adducin 1 (ADD1) gene and its variations in different populations to understand its role in hypertension. Out of 1,113 SNPs, 9 are found to be non-synonymous, of which 7 showed significant damaging effect and one of them showed SNP variability ...
Deußer Hannah - - 2012
The polyphenol (phenolic acids, flavanols and flavonols) and glycoalkaloid (α-chaconine and α-solanine) contents of potato tubers grown in Luxembourg were analyzed by UPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS/MS separately in peel (approx. 2mm), outer (approx. 1cm) and inner flesh. Polyphenol contents decreased from the peel via the outer to the inner flesh and ...
Xu Zhigang Z College of Pharmacy, The University of Arizona, Oro Valley, 85737, United - - 2012
An Ugi one-pot three-component four-center reaction was coupled with a subsequent acid mediated cyclodehydration step to furnish a multitude of unique scaffolds having in common an embedded or attached benzimidazole and often a ring system formed through lactamization. Using combinations of tethered Ugi inputs typically via tethered acid-ketone inputs and ...
Lee Do Yup do - - 2012
Drastic alterations in macronutrients are known to cause large changes in biochemistry and gene expression in the photosynthetic alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. However, metabolomic and proteomic responses to subtle reductions in macronutrients have not yet been studied. When ammonium levels were reduced by 25-100% compared with control cultures, ammonium uptake and ...
Yang Maiyun - - 2012
Live-cell pH measurements: An environment-sensitive fluorophore (green) was site-specifically introduced on HdeA, an acid-resistant chaperone showing pH-mediated conformational changes under low pH conditions. A survey of the attachment sites led to the discovery of one position on HdeA at which the attached fluorophore showed a strong fluorescence increase upon acidification.
Li Xiao - - 2012
This study was carried out to ascertain the behavior and fermentation performance of mixed yeasts in mango juices of three varieties. Saccharomyces cerevisiae MERIT.ferm and Williopsis saturnus var. mrakii NCYC500 at a ratio of 1:1000 were simultaneously inoculated into juices of three mango (Mangifera indica L.) varieties (R2E2, Harum Manis ...
Kudryavtseva Yu V - - 2012
A dependency was found between total protein content and cataract maturity (P=-0.91, p<0.01). LPO intensity sharply increased and remained stably high after appearance of lens opacity. A strict negative correlation was found between the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in earwax and lens nucleus (P=-0.7, p<0.01). The content of conjugated ...
Shukla Shastri P - - 2012
An attempt was made to standardize the protocol for the shoot regeneration via caulogenesis in Pteris vittata L. employing leaf primordium explants. Calli were induced on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) and Parkers and Thompson's (P and T) media supplemented with different combinations of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyaceticacid (2, 4-D), 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), alpha-naphthalene ...
Reyes Lino - - 2012
In this work, the substituent effect of several alkyl groups (-CH3; -CH2CH3; -CH2CH2CH3; -CH(CH3)2; -C6H11; -C(CH3)3) in the rate-determining step of the catalyzed Baeyer-Villiger reaction of phenyl alkyl ketones with performic (PFA) and trifluoroperacetic (TFPAA) acids are studied in detail, within the density functional theory framework. Our results shown that ...
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