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Ueberlein Susanne S Bioanalytical Chemistry, TU Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany. - - 2014
It has been discovered during the past few years that demosponges of the order Verongida such as Aplysina cavernicola exhibit chitin-based skeletons. Verongida sponges are well known to produce bioactive brominated tyrosine derivatives. We could recently demonstrate that brominated compounds do not exclusively occur in the cellular matrix but also ...
Taheri Shahram S Department of Nephrology, Isfahan Kidney Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
End stage renal disease (ESRD) is a condition that inflammation and oxidative stress plays an important role in damaging to tissues, especially, in the vascular system. The effect of omega-3 fatty acids is well-documented in some inflammatory diseases via eicosapentanoic acid and docosahexanoic acid components of fish oil. The aim ...
Gautam Milan M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Nagano, - - 2014
Importance of fatty acid components and imbalances has emerged in coronary heart disease. In this study, we analyzed fatty acids and ankle-brachial index (ABI) in a Japanese cohort. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was diagnosed in 101 patients by ABI ≤0.90 and/or by angiography. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors and components of ...
Niknam Mahdieh M Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Atherosclerosis, with its major manifestation, coronary artery disease (CAD) is a chronic inflammatory disease. Dietary fatty acids intakes favorably effect on inflammatory responses. This study was conducted to examine the association between dietary fatty acid intakes and inflammatory markers, interleukin 6 (IL-6) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), in CAD ...
Liu Aihua A Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, School of Optometry and Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University Eye Institute, Tianjin, China - - 2014
Background Dry eye is a common, complex condition that can reduce ocular comfort and visual performance. The impact on quality of life has been rated as similar to the effect of moderate angina and, in more severe cases, dialysis and severe angina. This study aimed to use meta-analysis to compare ...
Chang Kai-Chi KC Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) endoscopic grading is reported to be associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in adults; however its role in pediatric groups remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the significance of GEFV grading and the associations to multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH monitoring (MII-pH) in children with ...
Shishehbore Masoud Reza MR Dep artment of Chemistry, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, - - 2014
In this study, a new reaction system for quantitative determination of ascorbic acid was introduced. The developed method is based on inhibitory effect of ascorbic acid on the Orange G-bromate system. The change in absorbance was followed spectrophotometrically at 478 nm. The dependence of sensitivity on the reaction variables including ...
Baierle Marília M Laboratory of Toxicology (LATOX), Department of Analysis, Pharmacy Faculty, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90610000, RS, Brazil. - - 2014
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially the n-3 series, are known for their protective effects. Considering that cardiovascular diseases are risk factors for dementia, which is common at aging, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether fatty acid status in the elderly was associated with cognitive function and cardiovascular ...
Abubakari Abdul-Razak AR School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, London, - - 2014
As longevity increases, so does the global prevalence of cognitive dysfunction. Numerous lifestyle and/or dietary interventions such as omega-3 fatty acids have been suggested to improve memory. Therefore, this study examined the consistency and strength of the impact of supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids on overall cognitive function using systematic ...
Lewis Martin M Bristol Heart Institute, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2014
Free intracellular taurine and principal α-amino acids (glutamate, glutamine, aspartate, asparagine and alanine) are abundant in human heart. They are cellular regulators and their concentration can change in response to disease and cardiac insults and have been shown to differ between hypertrophic left ventricle (LV) and the relatively "normal" right ...
Sorensen Lone S LS Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Aalborg University Hospital, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark. - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) may have beneficial clinical and immune-modulating effects in surgical patients. In a randomized, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled trial, 148 patients referred for elective colorectal cancer surgery received an n-3 FA-enriched oral nutritional supplement (ONS) providing 2.0 g of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 1.0 g of docosahexaenoic ...
Yalcinbayir Ozgur O Department of Ophthalmology. Uludag University School of Medicine, Bursa, - - 2014
To study the concentrations of amino acids and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in subretinal fluid (SRF) of cases with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). The relevance of the results with postoperative anatomic and functional success in RRD was investigated. Fifty-three patients were included in this prospective study. The study group ...
Sobhnamayan Fereshte F Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
This laboratory study was performed to evaluate the effect of different acidic pH values on the push-out bond strength of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement. Forty-eight root dentin slices were obtained from freshly extracted single rooted human teeth and their lumen were instrumented to achieve a diameter of 1.3 mm. Then, ...
Kazubek-Zemke Maja M Department of Toxicology, Wrocław Medical University,Wrocław, - - 2014
The early diagnosis of the nephrotoxic effect of xenobiotics and drugs is still an unsolved problem. Recent studies suggest a correlation between the nephrotoxic activity of xenobiotics and increased concentration of amino acids in urine. The presented study was focused on the application of GLC-MS method for amino acids profiling ...
Roberts Ian - - 2014
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common emergency that causes substantial mortality worldwide. Acute upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding accounts for about 75,000 hospital admissions each year in the UK and causes the death of about 10% of these patients.Tranexamic acid has been shown to reduce the need for blood transfusion in ...
Chung Hsu-Ming HM Department of Applied Chemistry, National Pingtung University, Pingtung 900, Taiwan. - - 2014
A novel sesquiterpenoid, rumphellaoic acid A (1), was isolated from the gorgonian coral Rumphella antipathies, and was found to possess a carbon skeleton that was obtained for the first time from a natural sources. The structure of 1 was elucidated by spectroscopic methods and this compound and was found to ...
Prakash Indra I Organic Chemistry Department, The Coca-Cola Company, Global Research and Development, One Coca-Cola Plaza, Atlanta, GA 30313, USA. - - 2014
Four new minor diterpene glycosides with a rare α-glucosyl linkage were isolated from a cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase glucosylated stevia extract containing more than 98% steviol glycosides. The new compounds were identified as 13-[(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3-O-(4-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid-[(4-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl) ester] (1), 13-[(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid-[(4-O-(4-O-(4-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester] (2), 13-[(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3-O-(4-O-(4-O-(4-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (3), and 13-[(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3-O-(4-O-(4-O-(4-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-α-D-glucopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl- β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ...
Gao Fengqin F Department of Grassland Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR China; Grassland Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hohhot 010010, PR - - 2014
The effects of dilute H2SO4 concentration, forage:sulfuric acid ratio, digestion time, and digestion temperature were evaluated to determine effects on ethanol yield of Triarrhena sacchariflora (Maxim.) Nakai. Twenty single factor experiments were conducted to evaluate H2SO4 concentration (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5%, w/w), forage:sulfuric acid ratio (1∶6, 1∶8, 1∶10, ...
Luo Min M Institute of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Gan Organ of SATCM, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, 410078 - - 2014
We assessed whether red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with serum uric acid (UA) level in a group of 512 patients with newly diagnosed hypertension, recruited in Beijing. Patients were divided into high uric acid group and low uric acid group according to the median (334.9 μmol/L) of serum uric ...
Woodcock Steven R SR Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh . Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, United - - 2013
Nitro-conjugated linoleic acids (NO2-cLA), endogenous nitrodiene lipids which act as inflammatory signaling mediators, were isolated and single isomers purified from the biomimetic acidic nitration products of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Structures were elucidated by means of detailed NMR and HPLC-MS/MS spectroscopic analysis and the relative double bond configurations assigned. Additional ...
Kenny O O Department of Food Biosciences, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland; Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, UCD, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2013
The combination of hyphenated techniques, LC-SPE-NMR and LC-MS, to isolate and identify minor isomeric compounds from an ethyl acetate fraction of Taraxacum officinale root was employed in this study. Two distinct fractions of 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid derivatives of inositol were isolated and characterised by spectroscopic methods. The (1)H NMR spectra and ...
Sánchez-Hernández Laura L Department of Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Biology, Environmental Sciences and Chemistry, University of Alcalá, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600, 28871, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), - - 2013
The potential of the antibiotic vancomycin as chiral selector for the enantiomeric separation of amino acids by capillary electrophoresis with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS(2) ) was investigated for the first time in this work. Derivatization of amino acids with FMOC-Cl was carried out to enable their interaction with ...
Zhang Jinghuan - - 2013
Sorption and desorption of phenanthrene (PHE) onto black carbon (BC) extracted from sediments were studied in the presence of three types of dissolved organic matter (DOM), including L-phenylalanine (L-PH), peptone and citric acid. The nonlinearity of the sorption isotherms increased in the presence of DOM. The presence of L-PH reduced ...
López-Molina Rubén R Unidad de Investigación en Diabetes y Riesgo Cardiovascular, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, - - 2013
Objective. To determine prevalence of hyperuricemia and its relation with intake of sweetened beverages (SB) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in low income urban Mexican population. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional analysis of The Mexico City Diabetes Study, a prospective population-based investigation (1 173 participants) was performed. We used logistic regression, ...
Paudel Liladhar - - 2013
Nonanthocyanin secondary metabolites potentially contributing to the antiproliferative bioactivity of black raspberry ( Rubus occidentalis L.) fruits were extracted in ethyl acetate and isolated by semipreparative and analytical HPLC and analyzed by NMR, HPLC-ESI-MS, and ESI-MS/MS techniques. Here we present complete and partial structures of a variety of the chemical ...
Hsu Wei-Hsuan - - 2013
Yellow pigments monascin (MS) and ankaflavin (AK) are secondary metabolites derived from Monascus-fermented products. The hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects of MS and AK indicate that they have potential on preventing or curing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Oleic acid (OA) and high-fat diet were used to induce steatosis in FL83B ...
Kang Bo-Sik BS School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, 5-1, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
A commercial electronic tongue was used to discriminate Korean rice wines (makgeolli) brewed from nine cultivars of rice with different amino acid and fatty acid compositions. The E-tongue was applied to establish prediction models with sensory evaluation or LC-MS/MS by partial least squares regression (PLSR). All makgeollis were classified into ...
Amikura Kazuaki - - 2013
A "simplified genetic code", with only 19 amino acids assigned to the sense codons, was recently developed. In this study, we describe novel simplified codes in which multiple amino acids are simultaneously excluded from the universal code. In the simplest code, tryptophan, cysteine, tyrosine, and asparagine codons are assigned to ...
Le Anthony - - 2013
The quantitation of free amino acids from physiologic samples is essential for diagnosing and monitoring patients with inherited metabolic disorders. Current methods are hindered by long preparative and/or analysis times, expensive reagents, and often suboptimal performance characteristics. To overcome these challenges, a improved method for amino acid analysis using liquid ...
Cassiano Dayse S A - - 2013
Aerial parts of Microlicia hatschbachii were extracted with hexane, and the extract was evaluated for antimicrobial activity by a broth dilution method. After phytochemical procedures: GC-MS identified aliphatic alkanes, carboxylic acids and methyl esters of long-chain fatty acids; and two diterpenoids [labd-8(17)-en-15-oic acid and labd-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid] were identified by (1)H ...
Izzetoğlu Savaş - - 2013
Coelomocytes are considered to be immune effectors of sea urchins. Coelomocytes are the freely circulating cells in the body fluid contained in echinoderm coelom and mediate the cellular defence responses to immune challenges by phagocytosis, encapsulation, cytotoxicity and the production of antimicrobial agents. Coelomocytes have the ability to recognize self ...
Naganna Nimmashetti - - 2013
Poly(norbornene) supports comprising solubilizing ethylene glycol units and multiple amino acid attachment sites have been developed for peptide synthesis. A variety of amino acids have been efficiently loaded (0.6-1.1 mmol/g) onto the support in high yields (83-98%). Several tripeptides have been synthesized in moderate-to-good overall yields (41-66%) using only 1.2 ...
Chen Wan-Ting - - 2013
In this study, a mixed-culture algal biomass harvested from a functioning wastewater treatment system (AW) was hydrothermally converted into bio-crude oils. The highest bio-crude oil yield (49% of volatile matter) and the highest energy recovery were obtained at 300°C with 1h retention time. The highest heating value of the bio-crude ...
Zeimaran Ehsan - - 2013
In this study aliphatic polyacids were synthesized using palm acid oil (PAO) and sunflower oil (SFO) via addition reaction technique. The synthesized materials were characterized using Fourier-transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF-MS) and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). Mixing formic acid and ...
Carrillo-López Armando - - 2013
Identification of phenolic compounds was done by means of liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) using the electrospray ionization interface (ESI). Quantification of phenolic compounds was carried out by using HPLC with diode array detector (DAD) in exocarp and mesocarp of tomato fruit at 6 different ripeness stages ...
Lin Zhiwei - - 2013
The infrared spectra of (1'S, 6'S)-1-cyclopropyl-7-(2,8-diazabicyclo[4.3.0] non-8-yl)-6-fluoro-8-methoxy-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride salt (CLF-HCl) were studied and compared with free base. Their fragmentation pathways were investigated using tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) techniques on Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrum, and many characteristic fragment ions were found.
Han Stanisław - - 2013
The identification of new contaminants is critical in the development of new medicinal products. Many impurities, such as pentanedioic acid, hexanedioic acid, heptanedioic acid, octanedioic acid, decanedioic acid, undecanedioic acid, dodecanedioic acid, tridecanedioic acid, and tetradecanedioic acid, have been identified in samples of azelaic acid. The aim of this study ...
Sun Yong - - 2013
The phenolic profiles of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum leaf extracts by different solvents (80% methanol, ethyl acetate and hexane) and their antioxidant and antiproliferative activities were investigated. Thirteen phenolic compounds (3-caffeoylquinic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 1-caffeoylquinic acid, 5-p-coumaroylquinic acid, isoorientin-2″-O-rhamnoside, isoorientin, orientin-2″-O-rhamnoside, orientin, 1-p-coumaroylquinic acid, vitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, isovitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, vitexin and isovitexin) were identified in ...
Kobata Kenji - - 2013
The fundamental structure of capsinoids is a fatty acid ester with vanillyl alcohol whereas in capsaicinoids a fatty acid amide is linked to vanillylamine. To clarify the relationship between their biosynthesis in Capsicum plants, we carried out an in vivo tracer experiment using stable isotopically-labeled putative precursors. LC-MS/MS was used ...
Gesbert Gael - - 2013
In order to develop a successful infectious cycle, intracellular bacterial pathogens must be able to adapt their metabolism to optimally utilize the nutrients available in the cellular compartments and tissues where they reside. Francisella tularensis, the agent of the zoonotic disease tularemia, is a highly infectious bacterium for a large ...
Wan Ya-Nan - - 2013
Over the past years, several evidences have supported an important role of specific micronutrients, including vitamin A, vitamin D and vitamin E in immune dysfunction, vascular involvement and fibrotic changes involved in systemic sclerosis (SSc) development. In PubMed, eight clinical trials about the therapy of micronutrients on SSc patients were ...
Muttucumaru Nira - - 2013
Asparagine is the predominant free amino acid in potato tubers and the present study aimed to establish whether it is imported from the leaves or synthesised in situ. Free amino acid concentrations are important quality determinants for potato tubers because they react with reducing sugars at high temperatures in the ...
Vayá Ignacio - - 2013
The photooxygenation of model compounds containing the two enantiomers of naproxen (NPX) covalently linked to histidine (His), tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr) has been investigated by steady state irradiation, fluorescence spectroscopy and laser flash photolysis. The NPX-His systems presented the highest oxygen-mediated photoreactivity. Their fluorescence spectra matched that of isolated ...
Frerot Eric - - 2013
Glutamic acid is an abundant amino acid that lends a characteristic umami taste to foods. In fermented foods, glutamic acid can be found as a free amino acid formed by proteolysis or as a non-proteolytic derivative formed by microorganisms. The aim of the present study was to identify different structures ...
Contreras-Gutiérrez Paulina K - - 2013
A CZE method with two different MS detection conditions (MRM and Full Scan) was developed to determine qualitative and quantitative changes in the metabolic profile of avocado fruits (Persea americana). LODs in MRM approach were found between 20.1 and 203.0 ppb for abscisic acid and perseitol, respectively, whilst in Full ...
Kornsteiner-Krenn Margit M Institute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, - - 2013
Ten different nut kinds (almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, peanuts, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, and walnuts) were evaluated for their total oil and phytosterol content as well as their fatty acid composition. The total oil content was the predominant component; mean values oscillated between 45.2 % (cashews) and 74.7 ...
Pop Raluca Maria - - 2014
Berries and leaves from six varieties of Carpathians' sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L., ssp. Carpatica) were analysed for their carotenoid composition (free and esterified) using a combination of HPLC-PAD, GC-MS and UHPLC-PAD-ESI-MS techniques. GC-MS techniques revealed the fatty acid profile specific for each berry variety, while targeted UHPLC-MS analysis identified ...
Wang Hao - - 2013
There is increasing recognition that the host response to critical illness includes derangement of multiple amino acid pathways, including amino acids (AAs) central to metabolism and immune, endothelial and neurological function. To characterise concentration changes of these plasma amino acid we report the development and validation of a method for ...
Boto-Ordóñez María - - 2013
The regular consumption of dealcoholized red wine (DRW) has demonstrated benefits in cardiovascular risk factors. The analysis of phenolic metabolites formed in the organism, especially those that could come from microbiota metabolism, would help to understand these benefits. The aim of this study was to determine the widest urinary metabolomic ...
Liu Dong - - 2013
We presented a novel and simple approach towards white photoluminescence and electroluminescence based on blue emissive materials through controlled acid protonation; and this methodology has potential applicability in fabricating white OLEDs considering the simplicity of both material design and device fabrication.
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