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Knittelfelder Oskar L OL Institute of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Humboldtstraße 50/II, 8010 Graz, - - 2014
A new UPLC-based untargeted lipidomic approach using a qTOF hybrid mass spectrometer is introduced. The applied binary gradient enables separations of lipid species including constitutional isomeric compounds and low abundant lipid classes such as phosphatidic acid (PA). Addition of phosphoric acid to the solvents improves peak shapes for acidic phospholipids. ...
Struys Eduard A EA Metabolic Unit, Clinical Chemistry, VUmc Medical Center, The Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
We have conducted biochemical studies with commercial available pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) reductase (PYCR1) to investigate whether this enzyme plays a role in L-lysine degradation. Our recent studies with antiquitin/ALDH7A1 deficient fibroblasts revealed an alternative genesis of L-pipecolic acid, and we then hypothesized that PYCR1 was responsible for the conversion of Δ(1)-piperideine-6-carboxylate ...
Trettin Arne A Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Hannover Medical School, 30623 Hannover, - - 2014
Oleic acid (cis-9,10-octadecenoic acid) is the most abundant monounsaturated fatty acid in human blood. Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) is a short-lived species formed from the reaction of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2(-)). Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidizing and moderate nitrating agent. We investigated reactions of unlabelled and deuterium labelled oleic acid ...
McNamara Robert K RK Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the fatty acid composition of the postmortem superior temporal gyrus (STG), a cortical region implicated in emotional processing, from normal controls (n=15) and patients with bipolar disorder (BD, n=15), major depressive disorder (MDD, n=15), and schizophrenia (SZ, n=15). For comparative purposes, STG fatty acid composition was determined ...
Roberts Lee D LD MRC Human Nutrition Research, The Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Department of Biochemistry and Cambridge Systems Biology Centre, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Lipid metabolism is central to the function of white adipose tissue, with the tissue having a central role in storing triacylglycerides following feeding and releasing free fatty acids and monoacylglycerides during periods of fasting. In addition, lipid species have been suggested to play a role in lipotoxicity and as signaling ...
Kumlay Ahmet Metin AM Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Igdir University, 76000 Igdir, - - 2014
The study compared the effects of 1.0 × MS medium containing various concentrations of α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), alone or in combination with gibberellic acid (GA3) in micropropagation of three potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars Pasinler, Granola, and Caspar using binodal stem cuttings. The ...
Nakashima Akio A Biosignal Research Center, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan - - 2014
The Tsc1-Tsc2 complex homologous to human tuberous sclerosis complex proteins governs amino acid uptake by regulating the expression and intracellular distribution of amino acid transporters in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here, we performed a genetic screening for molecules that are involved in amino acid uptake and found Arn1 (also known as Any1). ...
Ueberlein Susanne S Bioanalytical Chemistry, TU Dresden, Dresden 01062, Germany. - - 2014
It has been discovered during the past few years that demosponges of the order Verongida such as Aplysina cavernicola exhibit chitin-based skeletons. Verongida sponges are well known to produce bioactive brominated tyrosine derivatives. We could recently demonstrate that brominated compounds do not exclusively occur in the cellular matrix but also ...
Taheri Shahram S Department of Nephrology, Isfahan Kidney Diseases Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
End stage renal disease (ESRD) is a condition that inflammation and oxidative stress plays an important role in damaging to tissues, especially, in the vascular system. The effect of omega-3 fatty acids is well-documented in some inflammatory diseases via eicosapentanoic acid and docosahexanoic acid components of fish oil. The aim ...
Woodcock Steven R SR Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh . Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, United - - 2013
Nitro-conjugated linoleic acids (NO2-cLA), endogenous nitrodiene lipids which act as inflammatory signaling mediators, were isolated and single isomers purified from the biomimetic acidic nitration products of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Structures were elucidated by means of detailed NMR and HPLC-MS/MS spectroscopic analysis and the relative double bond configurations assigned. Additional ...
Kenny O O Department of Food Biosciences, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland; Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, UCD, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2013
The combination of hyphenated techniques, LC-SPE-NMR and LC-MS, to isolate and identify minor isomeric compounds from an ethyl acetate fraction of Taraxacum officinale root was employed in this study. Two distinct fractions of 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid derivatives of inositol were isolated and characterised by spectroscopic methods. The (1)H NMR spectra and ...
Sánchez-Hernández Laura L Department of Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Biology, Environmental Sciences and Chemistry, University of Alcalá, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600, 28871, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), - - 2013
The potential of the antibiotic vancomycin as chiral selector for the enantiomeric separation of amino acids by capillary electrophoresis with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (CE-ESI-MS(2) ) was investigated for the first time in this work. Derivatization of amino acids with FMOC-Cl was carried out to enable their interaction with ...
Zhang Jinghuan - - 2013
Sorption and desorption of phenanthrene (PHE) onto black carbon (BC) extracted from sediments were studied in the presence of three types of dissolved organic matter (DOM), including L-phenylalanine (L-PH), peptone and citric acid. The nonlinearity of the sorption isotherms increased in the presence of DOM. The presence of L-PH reduced ...
López-Molina Rubén R Unidad de Investigación en Diabetes y Riesgo Cardiovascular, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, - - 2013
Objective. To determine prevalence of hyperuricemia and its relation with intake of sweetened beverages (SB) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in low income urban Mexican population. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional analysis of The Mexico City Diabetes Study, a prospective population-based investigation (1 173 participants) was performed. We used logistic regression, ...
Paudel Liladhar - - 2013
Nonanthocyanin secondary metabolites potentially contributing to the antiproliferative bioactivity of black raspberry ( Rubus occidentalis L.) fruits were extracted in ethyl acetate and isolated by semipreparative and analytical HPLC and analyzed by NMR, HPLC-ESI-MS, and ESI-MS/MS techniques. Here we present complete and partial structures of a variety of the chemical ...
Hsu Wei-Hsuan - - 2013
Yellow pigments monascin (MS) and ankaflavin (AK) are secondary metabolites derived from Monascus-fermented products. The hypolipidemic and anti-inflammatory effects of MS and AK indicate that they have potential on preventing or curing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Oleic acid (OA) and high-fat diet were used to induce steatosis in FL83B ...
Kang Bo-Sik BS School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, 5-1, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
A commercial electronic tongue was used to discriminate Korean rice wines (makgeolli) brewed from nine cultivars of rice with different amino acid and fatty acid compositions. The E-tongue was applied to establish prediction models with sensory evaluation or LC-MS/MS by partial least squares regression (PLSR). All makgeollis were classified into ...
Amikura Kazuaki - - 2013
A "simplified genetic code", with only 19 amino acids assigned to the sense codons, was recently developed. In this study, we describe novel simplified codes in which multiple amino acids are simultaneously excluded from the universal code. In the simplest code, tryptophan, cysteine, tyrosine, and asparagine codons are assigned to ...
Le Anthony - - 2013
The quantitation of free amino acids from physiologic samples is essential for diagnosing and monitoring patients with inherited metabolic disorders. Current methods are hindered by long preparative and/or analysis times, expensive reagents, and often suboptimal performance characteristics. To overcome these challenges, a improved method for amino acid analysis using liquid ...
Cassiano Dayse S A - - 2013
Aerial parts of Microlicia hatschbachii were extracted with hexane, and the extract was evaluated for antimicrobial activity by a broth dilution method. After phytochemical procedures: GC-MS identified aliphatic alkanes, carboxylic acids and methyl esters of long-chain fatty acids; and two diterpenoids [labd-8(17)-en-15-oic acid and labd-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid] were identified by (1)H ...
Izzetoğlu Savaş - - 2013
Coelomocytes are considered to be immune effectors of sea urchins. Coelomocytes are the freely circulating cells in the body fluid contained in echinoderm coelom and mediate the cellular defence responses to immune challenges by phagocytosis, encapsulation, cytotoxicity and the production of antimicrobial agents. Coelomocytes have the ability to recognize self ...
Naganna Nimmashetti - - 2013
Poly(norbornene) supports comprising solubilizing ethylene glycol units and multiple amino acid attachment sites have been developed for peptide synthesis. A variety of amino acids have been efficiently loaded (0.6-1.1 mmol/g) onto the support in high yields (83-98%). Several tripeptides have been synthesized in moderate-to-good overall yields (41-66%) using only 1.2 ...
Chen Wan-Ting - - 2013
In this study, a mixed-culture algal biomass harvested from a functioning wastewater treatment system (AW) was hydrothermally converted into bio-crude oils. The highest bio-crude oil yield (49% of volatile matter) and the highest energy recovery were obtained at 300°C with 1h retention time. The highest heating value of the bio-crude ...
Zeimaran Ehsan - - 2013
In this study aliphatic polyacids were synthesized using palm acid oil (PAO) and sunflower oil (SFO) via addition reaction technique. The synthesized materials were characterized using Fourier-transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF-MS) and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). Mixing formic acid and ...
Carrillo-López Armando - - 2013
Identification of phenolic compounds was done by means of liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) using the electrospray ionization interface (ESI). Quantification of phenolic compounds was carried out by using HPLC with diode array detector (DAD) in exocarp and mesocarp of tomato fruit at 6 different ripeness stages ...
Lin Zhiwei - - 2013
The infrared spectra of (1'S, 6'S)-1-cyclopropyl-7-(2,8-diazabicyclo[4.3.0] non-8-yl)-6-fluoro-8-methoxy-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride salt (CLF-HCl) were studied and compared with free base. Their fragmentation pathways were investigated using tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) techniques on Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrum, and many characteristic fragment ions were found.
Han Stanisław - - 2013
The identification of new contaminants is critical in the development of new medicinal products. Many impurities, such as pentanedioic acid, hexanedioic acid, heptanedioic acid, octanedioic acid, decanedioic acid, undecanedioic acid, dodecanedioic acid, tridecanedioic acid, and tetradecanedioic acid, have been identified in samples of azelaic acid. The aim of this study ...
Sun Yong - - 2013
The phenolic profiles of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum leaf extracts by different solvents (80% methanol, ethyl acetate and hexane) and their antioxidant and antiproliferative activities were investigated. Thirteen phenolic compounds (3-caffeoylquinic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 1-caffeoylquinic acid, 5-p-coumaroylquinic acid, isoorientin-2″-O-rhamnoside, isoorientin, orientin-2″-O-rhamnoside, orientin, 1-p-coumaroylquinic acid, vitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, isovitexin-2″-O-rhamnoside, vitexin and isovitexin) were identified in ...
Kobata Kenji - - 2013
The fundamental structure of capsinoids is a fatty acid ester with vanillyl alcohol whereas in capsaicinoids a fatty acid amide is linked to vanillylamine. To clarify the relationship between their biosynthesis in Capsicum plants, we carried out an in vivo tracer experiment using stable isotopically-labeled putative precursors. LC-MS/MS was used ...
Gesbert Gael - - 2013
In order to develop a successful infectious cycle, intracellular bacterial pathogens must be able to adapt their metabolism to optimally utilize the nutrients available in the cellular compartments and tissues where they reside. Francisella tularensis, the agent of the zoonotic disease tularemia, is a highly infectious bacterium for a large ...
Wan Ya-Nan - - 2013
Over the past years, several evidences have supported an important role of specific micronutrients, including vitamin A, vitamin D and vitamin E in immune dysfunction, vascular involvement and fibrotic changes involved in systemic sclerosis (SSc) development. In PubMed, eight clinical trials about the therapy of micronutrients on SSc patients were ...
Muttucumaru Nira - - 2013
Asparagine is the predominant free amino acid in potato tubers and the present study aimed to establish whether it is imported from the leaves or synthesised in situ. Free amino acid concentrations are important quality determinants for potato tubers because they react with reducing sugars at high temperatures in the ...
Vayá Ignacio - - 2013
The photooxygenation of model compounds containing the two enantiomers of naproxen (NPX) covalently linked to histidine (His), tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr) has been investigated by steady state irradiation, fluorescence spectroscopy and laser flash photolysis. The NPX-His systems presented the highest oxygen-mediated photoreactivity. Their fluorescence spectra matched that of isolated ...
Frerot Eric - - 2013
Glutamic acid is an abundant amino acid that lends a characteristic umami taste to foods. In fermented foods, glutamic acid can be found as a free amino acid formed by proteolysis or as a non-proteolytic derivative formed by microorganisms. The aim of the present study was to identify different structures ...
Contreras-Gutiérrez Paulina K - - 2013
A CZE method with two different MS detection conditions (MRM and Full Scan) was developed to determine qualitative and quantitative changes in the metabolic profile of avocado fruits (Persea americana). LODs in MRM approach were found between 20.1 and 203.0 ppb for abscisic acid and perseitol, respectively, whilst in Full ...
Pop Raluca Maria - - 2014
Berries and leaves from six varieties of Carpathians' sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L., ssp. Carpatica) were analysed for their carotenoid composition (free and esterified) using a combination of HPLC-PAD, GC-MS and UHPLC-PAD-ESI-MS techniques. GC-MS techniques revealed the fatty acid profile specific for each berry variety, while targeted UHPLC-MS analysis identified ...
Wang Hao - - 2013
There is increasing recognition that the host response to critical illness includes derangement of multiple amino acid pathways, including amino acids (AAs) central to metabolism and immune, endothelial and neurological function. To characterise concentration changes of these plasma amino acid we report the development and validation of a method for ...
Boto-Ordóñez María - - 2013
The regular consumption of dealcoholized red wine (DRW) has demonstrated benefits in cardiovascular risk factors. The analysis of phenolic metabolites formed in the organism, especially those that could come from microbiota metabolism, would help to understand these benefits. The aim of this study was to determine the widest urinary metabolomic ...
Liu Dong - - 2013
We presented a novel and simple approach towards white photoluminescence and electroluminescence based on blue emissive materials through controlled acid protonation; and this methodology has potential applicability in fabricating white OLEDs considering the simplicity of both material design and device fabrication.
Brazinskiene V - - 2014
The objectives of this two-year research were to study the impact of two different farming types, conventional and organic, on the yield and sensory properties of five Lithuanian varieties of potato tuber. The parameters and properties examined were: phenolic acids; dry matter and starch content; and the spread and intensity ...
Harrington S M SM Departments of Clinical - - 2013
We report a novel anaerobe causing abscess in four patients at three hospitals. In the clinical specimen, bacilli were branching, Gram positive, and acid fast. The organism grew slowly and was not identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. Our findings support the description of a new genus and species of the ...
Hung Sih-Hua - - 2013
In this study, we proposed a simple strategy based on flow injection and field-amplified sample-stacking (FASS) CE-ESI-MS/MS to analyze haloacetic acids (HAAs) in tap water. Tap water was passed through a desalination cartridge before FASS-CE-ESI-MS/MS analysis to reduce sample salinity. With this treatment, the signals of the HAAs increased 300- ...
Xu Yong-Jiang - - 2013
Fatty acids and eicosanoids are two important classes of signaling lipid molecules involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. To investigate the physiological functions and interplay between fatty acids and eicosanoids in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, we developed an analytical approach for parallel quantitative analysis of plasma fatty acids ...
Qi Qu Q State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Key Laboratory of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, - - 2013
To identify and quantify the major metabolites of salvianolic acid B (SAB) after intravenous injection in rats. LC-IT/TOF-MS was used to identify the metabolites in rat bile, plasma, and urine; LC-MS/MS was used to quantify the two major metabolites. In rat bile, plasma, and urine, nine metabolites were identified, including ...
Mukhtarova Lucia S - - 2013
The trimethylsilyl (TMS) peroxides of linoleic acid 9(S)-hydroperoxide (TMS or Me esters) were subjected to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses. The cyclopentenones, trans- and cis-10-oxo-11-phytoenoic acid (10-oxo-PEA, Me or TMS esters) were first time detected as the products of TMS-peroxide thermal conversions. The major products were ketodienes, epoxyalcohols, hemiacetals and ...
Larabi Cherif - - 2013
Transformation of lignocellulosic biomass to biofuels involves multiple processes, in which thermal decomposition, hydrotreatment are the most central steps. Current work focuses on the impact of several solid acids and Keggin-type heteropolyacids on the decomposition temperature (Td) of pine wood and the characterization of the resulted products. It has been ...
Rezanka Tomáš - - 2013
LC with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) MS with reversed and chiral phases was used for separation of triacylglycerols (TAGs) from yeasts of the genera Candida, Kluyveromyces, Rhodotorula, Saccharomyces, Torulospora, Trichosporon and Yarrowia. Chiral LC-APCI-MS is based on using two columns in series packed with a 3,5-dimethylphenyl carbamate modified β-cyclodextrin ...
Kasmaei K Mogodiniyai - - 2013
A meta-analysis was conducted to establish linkages between crop and fermentation variables. Data from well-controlled mini silage studies were used in which no additives had been used and no ingress of air had occurred. The silage set consisted of data on crop chemical composition and epiphytic lactic acid bacteria count, ...
Malá Zdena - - 2013
The subject of this work is the definition of a simple model based on general isotachophoresis (ITP) theory that allows describing and predicting the behavior of ITP systems compatible with electrospray-ionization mass-spectrometric (ESI-MS) detection. The model is exemplified by anionic ITP of weak acids which represent an interesting potential application ...
Hu Xiuting - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the interaction between amylose and 1-butanol during the 1-butanol-hydrochloric acid (1-butanol-HCl) hydrolysis of normal rice starch. The interaction model between amylose and 1-butanol was proposed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), (13)C cross polarization and magic angle spinning NMR analysis ((13)C CP/MAS NMR), ...
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