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Cittadini María C MC Escuela de Nutrición, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to analyze beef consumption, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and n-3 fatty acid (FA) serum concentration and their relation to salivary gland tumors (SGT). A questionnaire on non-nutritional risk factors and a validated food frequency questionnaire were applied in 20 SGT and 20 control ...
Mamtimin Batur - - 2014
To investigate metabolic signatures in plasma of cancer patients with abnormal Savda using plasma-free amino acid profiles, and to evaluate the diagnostic potential of these profiles for the detection and explanation of the mechanisms of different symptoms in traditional Uyghur medicine. Plasma samples from cancer patients with abnormal Savda (n ...
Riezzo Giuseppe G Laboratory of Nutritional Pathophysiology, National Institute for Digestive Diseases IRCCS 'Saverio de Bellis',Via Turi 27, Castellana Grotte - - 2014
Coeliac disease (CD) patients may exhibit a pro-inflammatory profile and fatty acids (FA) can influence inflammation through a variety of cellular pathways in them. The aims of the present study were to (1) evaluate the FA composition of erythrocytes obtained from newly diagnosed CD patients by lipidomic analysis and compare ...
Wikiera Agnieszka A Department of Food Biotechnology, Faculty of Food Technology, Agricultural University of Cracow, 31-149 Kraków, ul. Balicka 122, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2015
Enzymatically extracted pectins have a more complex structure than those obtained by conventional methods. As a result, they are less susceptible to hydrolysis, which makes the precise determination of their composition difficult. The aim of the study was to develop a method of complete hydrolysis of enzymatically extracted apple pectins. ...
Roca-Rodríguez María Del Mar MD Biomedical Research Institute of Malaga (IBIMA), Virgen de la Victoria Hospital, University of Malaga , Málaga , Spain - - 2014
Abstract A prospective 1-year follow-up study in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) cancer patients was carried out one year after radiotherapy to assess the effect of varying consumption of ω3 fatty acid according to whether they consumed more or less than the 50th percentile of ω3 fatty acids. Clinical, analytical, ...
Goncalves Vidigal Pedrina P Institute of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, - - 2014
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an opportunist multidrug resistant pathogen that causes a wide range of nosocomial infections. Various cystic fibrosis (CF) centres have reported an increasing prevalence of S. maltophilia colonisation/infection among patients with this disease. The purpose of this study was to assess specific fingerprints of S. maltophilia isolates from ...
Elaloui M M a Institut National des Recherches en Génie Rural, Eau, Forêts (INRGREF), rue Hedi Karray , Elmenzeh IV, BP 10, 2080 Ariana , - - 2014
Ziziphus jujuba pulps are very much appreciated by the inhabitants and have been recently exported. This article reports on the chemical composition (amino acids, polyphenols and sugars) of the pulps of four Z. jujuba ecotypes (Choutrana, Mahdia, Mahres and Sfax). The major amino acids identified were proline, aspartic acid and ...
Ačanski Marijana M MM Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Bulevar Cara Lazara 1, Novi Sad, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2015
Gas chromatography with mass spectrometry was used to perform a qualitative analysis of the liposoluble flour extract of different types of cereals (bread wheat and spelt) and pseudocereals (amaranth and buckwheat). In addition to major fatty acids, the liposoluble extract also contained minor fatty acids with more than 20 carbon ...
Blair Hannah A HA Springer, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay, 0754, Auckland, New Zealand, - - 2014
Omega-3 carboxylic acids (Epanova(®)) [OM3-CA] is the first free fatty acid form of long-chain marine omega-3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid being the most abundant) to be approved by the US FDA as an adjunct to diet to lower triglyceride levels in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia (≥500 mg/dL). Oral ...
Joung Kyoung-Woon KW Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Recent studies suggested that elevated serum uric acid levels may be associated with the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in several settings. However, the effect of uric acid on the risk of AKI after cardiovascular surgery remains uncertain. A retrospective analysis. A tertiary care university hospital. All consecutive adult ...
Woolbright Benjamin L BL *Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, Department of Biostatistics, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, Department of Medical Toxicology, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona 85006, Department of Medicine, and Center for Toxicology and Pharmacology Education and Research, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, Arizona 85006 and Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas - - 2014
Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced acute liver failure (ALF) remains a major clinical problem. Although a majority of patients recovers after severe liver injury, a subpopulation of patients proceeds to ALF. Bile acids are generated in the liver and accumulate in blood during liver injury, and as such, have been proposed as biomarkers ...
Ivanova-Petropulos Violeta V Faculty of Agriculture, University "Goce Delčev", Krste Misirkov bb, 2000 Štip, Macedonia. Electronic address: - - 2015
Phenolic composition of twenty-two Macedonian red wines, including ten autochthonous monovarietal Vranec wines produced with different yeasts for fermentation, and twelve wines from international varieties (Syrah, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon) from different wine regions was studied. All wines presented relatively high value of total phenols and antioxidant activity. A total ...
Yamada Kazutoshi K Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, 920-8641, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely related to insulin resistance and lipid metabolism. Recent studies have suggested that the quality of fat accumulated in the liver is associated with the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In this study, we investigated the fatty acid composition in liver tissue and its ...
Chen Rui R Department of Spine Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, People's Republic of - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease. Early and accurate detection is essential for effective disease treatment. Recently, research has focused on genomics and proteomics. However, the associated metabolic variations, especially fatty acid profiles, have been poorly discussed. In this study, the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) approach ...
de Bortoli N N Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Multichannel impedance pH monitoring has shown that weakly acidic refluxes are able to generate heartburn. However, data on the role of different pH values, ranging between 4 and 7, in the generation of them are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether different pH values of weakly ...
O'Donnell J Michael JM Program in Integrative Cardiac Metabolism, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2014
Long chain fatty acid (LCFA) oxidation measurements in the intact heart from (13) C-NMR rely on detection of (13) C-enriched glutamate. However, progressive increases in overlapping resonance signal from LCFA can confound detection of the glutamate 4-carbon (GLU-C4) signal. We evaluated alternative (13) C labeling for exogenous LCFA and developed ...
Cipriani Cristiana C Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Disciplines, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
There have been recent concerns regarding the risk of serious adverse events, such as cardiac dysrhythmia and atrial fibrillation (AF), associated with bisphosphonate use in osteoporosis. This open-label, non-randomized, crossover pilot study evaluated short-term effects of zoledronic acid and placebo on the occurrence of cardiac dysrhythmias and prodysrhythmic profile in ...
Zhang Yi Y Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, 312 Anshanxi Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300193, - - 2014
Five new terpenoide glycosides, named as officinoterpenosides A1 (1), A2 (2), B (3), C (4), and D (5), together with 11 known ones, (1S,4S,5S)-5-exo-hydrocamphor 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (6), isorosmanol (7), rosmanol (8), 7-methoxyrosmanol (9), epirosmanol (10), ursolic acid (11), micromeric acid (12), oleanolic acid (13), niga-ichigoside F1 (14), glucosyl tormentate (15), and ...
Arslan Hakan H Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effect of various irrigating solutions on the removal of calcium hydroxide mixed with 2% chlorhexidine gel from an artificial groove created in a root canal and the generation of orange-brown precipitate in the remaining calcium hydroxide mixed with 2% chlorhexidine ...
Sano Hirohito H Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The mechanisms that cause acid reflux in patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), including those that determine how acid extends proximally, are not yet clear. Methods: Concurrent esophageal manometry and pH monitoring were performed for 3 h after a meal in 13 patients with NERD, 12 with mild reflux ...
Shaikh Nisar A NA University of Toronto, 6190 Tremaine court, Mississauga, ON, L5V 1B5, Canada, - - 2014
Low blood levels of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) have been reported to be associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths. Systematic studies measuring LC n-3 PUFA blood levels (pre and post-treatment) in defined subjects, and monitoring the correction of nutritional deficiency with a ...
Sieniawska Elwira E a Department of Pharmacognosy with Medicinal Plant Unit , Medical University of Lublin , Chodzki 1, PL-20-093 , Lublin , - - 2014
The aim of the study was to explore proper isolation conditions of chlorogenic acid from the herb of Mutelina purpurea L. - a new source of this bioactive molecule. The accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) with 40% aqueous solution of methanol combined with high-performance counter-current chromatography (HPCCC) was utilised for the ...
Dhanani Tushar T Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Boriavi, Anand, Gujarat 378310, - - 2014
A validated rapid HPLC-PDA method was developed for identification and quantification of five tannin-related constituents gallic acid (GA), corilagin (CL), chebulagic acid (CB), ellagic acid (EA) and chebulinic acid (CN) in the extracts prepared from the bark and fruits of four Terminalia species available in India. The separation of the ...
Zhao Qihong Q Department of Food and Nutrition Hygiene, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China. - - 2014
Variation of plasma free amino acids (PFAAs) is an essential feature of protein metabolic abnormalities in cancer patients. But there still little data about the cancer tissue free amino acid (TFAAs) profiles, including their patterns and correlations with PFAAs. To evaluate the variation in PFAAs and cancer TFAAs in patients ...
Dryahina Kseniya K J Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Dolejškova 3, 182 23 Praha, Czech - - 2014
The objective of this experimental study was to discover volatile metabolites present in exhaled breath that could be used as biomarkers of gastro-esophageal reflux disease, GERD, one of the most common causes of chronic cough. An in vitro model based on pork tissue samples exposed to a challenge by artificial ...
Coviello Giuseppe G Laboratory of Nutritional Biochemistry, National Institute for Digestive Diseases, Castellana Grotte, - - 2014
The study of fatty acid composition of the erythrocytes' membrane can be considered an appropriate biomarker for investigating the relations of the pattern of fatty acids metabolism to a specific disease. The aim of the present study was to analyze the fatty acid profile in red blood cell membranes of ...
Gomes Dafne Calsoni DC Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Context Sour acidic liquid has a slower distal esophageal transit than a neutral liquid. Our hypothesis was that an acidic sour bolus has a different ingestion dynamic than a neutral bolus. Method In 50 healthy volunteers and 29 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), we evaluated the ingestion dynamics of ...
Enaruna Nosakhare O NO Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disease associated with significant maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. Lipid abnormality and elevated serum uric acid have been reported as early features of the disease. We aimed to detect the level of serum lipid profile and uric acid abnormalities in severe preeclamptics in Benin City ...
Kim Jae Kyeom JK Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, - - 2014
The fatty acid and volatile compound compositions of camellia oil were analyzed in this study. The impacts of the replacement of conventional vegetable oil with camellia oil on the sensory attributes of dried seaweed were also determined. C18:1 (83.59%), followed by C16:0 and C18:2, were the most abundant fatty acids ...
Zhang Yuan - - 2014
Tranexamic acid was intra-articularly injected in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to reduce blood loss and transfusion. However, no single study has been large enough to definitively determine whether it is safe and effective. To determine the safety and efficacy of intra-articular tranexamic acid in TKA, the authors searched various databases ...
Senthilvelan T T Leather Processing Division, CSIR-CLRI, Adyar, Chennai, 600020, - - 2014
"Dyeing" is a common practice used to color the hides during the post-tanning operations in leather processing generating plenty of wastewater. The waste stream containing dye as pollutant is severely harmful to living beings. An azo dye (C.I. Acid Blue 113) has been biodegraded effectively by bacterial culture mediated with ...
Shatla Hamed M HM Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Diagnostic difficulty in mitochondrial diseases (MD) results not only from the wide spectrum of symptoms and signs but also from the absence of a reliable screening or diagnostic biomarker. To investigate the likelihood of MD in patients with symptoms and signs impressive of MD through quantitative measurement of plasma amino ...
Puerari Cláudia C Food Sciences Department, Federal University of Lavras, 37200-000 Lavras, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2015
Chicha is a traditional, fermented rice beverage produced by the indigenous Umutina people in Brazil. Culture-dependent and independent approaches were used to investigate the microbial community dynamic. The bacterial population ranged from 0.1 to 6.83 log mL(-1). Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Bacillus dominated throughout the fermentation process. Representative colonies were grouped ...
Jurczyszyn Artur A Department of Hematology, University Hospital, Krakow, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mounting data show that fatty acids (FA) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) function could be potential targets for multiple myeloma (MM) therapy. Our study aimed at comparing the FA composition of erythrocyte membranes of MM patients and healthy controls. MM patients had higher saturated FA and n-6 polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) ...
Xu Yi-Long YL Institute of Traditional Chinese Materia Madica, Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, People's Republic of - - 2014
A phytochemical investigation on the seeds of Cassia obtusifolia led to the isolation of five new anthraquinones, including one aglycon and four glycosides. The structures were elucidated by analysis of extensive spectroscopic data and the results of acid hydrolysis. All these isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects against α-glucosidase, ...
Torrente Carlos C Servei d'Emergències i Cures Intensives de la Fundació Hospital Clínic Veterinari-UAB, Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animal, and Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments, Facultat de Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2014
To compare the traditional (HH) and quantitative approaches used for the evaluation of the acid-base balance in hypoalbuminemic dogs. Prospective observational study. ICU of a veterinary teaching hospital. One hundred and five client-owned dogs. Jugular venous blood samples were collected from each patient on admission to determine: total plasma protein ...
Tani Yasushi Y Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, - - 2014
Glucosylceramide and galactosylceramide were detected in three Aspergillus species: Aspergillus oryzae, Aspergillus sojae and Aspergillus. awamori, using borate-coated TLC. The cerebrosides from A. oryzae were further purified by ion exchange and iatrobeads column chromatographies with or without borate, and determined the composition of sugar, fatty acid and sphingoid base by ...
Ishihara Atsushi A a Faculty of Agriculture , Tottori University , Tottori , - - 2014
Avenanthramides are characteristic constituents of oat seeds. We analyzed the methanol extract of oat seeds by HPLC and detected three compounds 1, 2, and 3 eluted at retention times similar to avenanthramides. The three compounds were purified by column chromatography and HPLC. Spectroscopic analyses of 1, 2, and 3 suggested ...
Montebello Andrea M AM Department of Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, - - 2014
Biotrickling filters for biogas desulfurization still must prove their stability and robustness in the long run under extreme conditions. Long-term desulfurization of high loads of H2S under acidic pH was studied in a lab-scale aerobic biotrickling filter packed with metallic Pall rings. Reference operating conditions at steady-state corresponded to an ...
Chen Chao C Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. China. chaochen@ncu.edu.cn - - 2014
Two new coordination polymers, [Ni(H2O)(Hpdcd)(H2O)2]·DMF () and [Co(H2O)(Hpdcd)(H2O)2]·DMF () (H3pdcd = 1-(4-carboxyphenyl)-2,5-dimethyl, 1H-pyrrole-3,4-dicarboxylic acid), which were designed based on a tertiary amine ligand, were synthesized and characterized using multiple spectroscopy techniques, including single-crystal X-ray diffraction. These two 1D linear chains possess the properties of both a Lewis acid and organic ...
Parlapani Foteini F FF Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Thessaly, Fitoko Street, 38446 Volos, - - 2014
Volatile organic compound (VOC) profile was determined during storage of sea bream (Sparus aurata) fillets under air and Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP - CO2/O2/N2: 60/10/30) at 0, 5 and 15°C. Microbiological, TVB-N (Total Volatile Base Nitrogen) and sensory changes were also monitored. Shelf-life of sea bream fillets stored under air ...
Imamura Satoshi S Department of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Molecular Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3, Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, - - 2014
The association between imbalance of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially low plasma n-3 to n-6 PUFA ratio, and risk of cardiovascular diseases is well known. A balance of plasma PUFAs is determined not only by dietary fatty acid intake, but also by the endogenous fatty acid metabolism, which could be ...
Kiel Martina M Institute of Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management, University of Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart, - - 2014
Eight mixed cultures able to degrade benzoic acid under saline conditions were established and kinetic parameters were determined in batch processes with cultures SBM002 (0.5 g d(-1)·g oDM(-1)), SBM003 (0.7 g d(-1)·g oDM(-1)) and SBM007 (2.2 g d(-1)·g oDM(-1)) showing the highest degradation rates. Treatability of an industrial waste water (12 g L(-1) benzoic acid, 82 g L(-1) NaCl) by ...
Gao Min M Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266100, - - 2014
Marine organisms have usually been viewed as sources of environmentally friendly compounds with antifouling activity. We performed a series of operations to investigate the antifouling potential of the marine microalga Dunaliella salina. For the ethyl acetate crude extract, the antialgal activity was significant, and the EC50 value against Skeletonema costatum ...
Tan Bo B Tailored Therapeutics, Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN46285. Electronic address: - - 2014
The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is an interface between glycolysis, lipid metabolism, and amino acid metabolism. Increasing interest in cancer metabolism has created a demand for rapid and sensitive methods for quantifying the TCA cycle intermediates and related organic acids. We have developed an LC-MS/MS method to quantify the TCA ...
Caliskan Mustafa - - 2014
Serum uric acid is related to hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Masked hypertension is associated with an increase in cardiovascular risk. The aim of our study was to evaluate the serum uric acid level and its relationship with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with masked hypertension. A total of 114 ...
Wang Jing J Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, - - 2015
Three new oleanane triterpenoids, 2α,3β,29-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (1), 2α,3β-dihydroxy-23-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic acid (2) and 2α,3β,21β,22α-tetrahydroxyolean-12-en-28,29-dioic acid (3), and ten known ones, maslinic acid (4), arjunolic acid (5), oleanolic acid (6), 3-epi-oleanolic acid (7), stachlic acid A (8), serratagenic acid (9), gypsogenic acid (10), 2α,3β-dihydroxyol-ean-13(18)-en-28-oic acid (11), mesembryanthemoidigenic acid (12) and 12α-hydroxy-δ-lactone (13), were ...
Dušek Martin M Research Institute for Brewing and Malting, Prague PLC, Lı́pová 15, CZ-120 44 Prague 2, Czech - - 2014
Hops represent an important source of β-acids with antimicrobial and sensory properties. Transformation products of β-acids formed during their oxidation, mainly hulupones, have been shown to have an interesting kind of bitterness. Their structures were recently elucidated using LC-TOFMS and 1D/2D NMR in solution after thermal treatment of the hop ...
Hložek Tomáš T Institute of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital, 121 08 Prague 2, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
A simple, cost effective, and fast gas chromatography method with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) for simultaneous measurement of ethylene glycol, 1,2-propylene glycol and glycolic acid was developed and validated for clinical toxicology purposes. This new method employs a relatively less used class of derivatization agents - alkyl chloroformates, allowing the ...
Agarwal Vibhuti V Post Graduate Student, Department of Biochemistry, Subharti Medical College, Swami Vivakanand Subharti University , Meerut, India - - 2014
Pre-eclampsia (PE) affects approximately 3% of all pregnancies worldwide, with onset of symptoms in the late second or third trimester, commonly after 32(nd) week. It is common in nulliparous women. To avoid complications it is necessary to diagnose it in advance, but the available tools are unable to clinch the ...
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