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Results 451 - 500 of 2618
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Liu Chunhua - - 2011
The design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel Leonurine-cysteine analog conjugates 3,5-dimethoxy-4-(2-amino-3-prop-2-ynylsulfanyl-propionyl)-benzoic acid 4-guanidino-butyl ester (1a), 3,5-dimethoxy-4-(2-animo-3-allysulfanyl-propionyl)-benzoic acid 4-guanidino-butyl ester (1b) and 3,5-dimethoxy-4-(3-(2-chlorocarbonyl-ethyldisulfanyl)-propionyl)-benzoic acid 4-guanidino-butyl ester (2) were reported in this paper. We tested their effects on hypoxia-induced neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Our data showed that all of them had ...
Ryu Chang Seon - - 2011
Although methionine dependency is a phenotypic characteristic of tumor cells, it remains to be determined whether changes in sulfur amino acid metabolism occur in cancer cells resistant to chemotherapeutic medications. We compared expression/activity of sulfur amino acid metabolizing enzymes and cellular levels of sulfur amino acids and their metabolites between ...
Wanders Ronald J A - - 2011
Phytanic acid (3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadecanoic acid) is a branched-chain fatty acid which cannot be beta-oxidized due to the presence of the first methyl group at the 3-position. Instead, phytanic acid undergoes alpha-oxidation to produce pristanic acid (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecanoic acid) plus CO(2). Pristanic acid is a 2-methyl branched-chain fatty acid which can undergo beta-oxidation ...
Suenari Kazuyoshi - - 2011
AIMS: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids can modulate cardiac electrophysiology and reduce the genesis of atrial fibrillation. This study investigates the potential mechanisms through which eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) reduces pulmonary vein (PV) arrhythmogenesis. MAIN METHODS: Conventional microelectrodes were used to record the action potentials (APs), before and after the EPA (0.1μM ...
Beserra Angela Márcia S - - 2011
Abstract Ellagic acid (EA), a plant-derived polyphenol, exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective effects. Its gastroprotective mechanisms have not been fully elucidated nor has its effects on chronic ulcer previously described. Toward these ends, the anti-ulcer activities of EA were evaluated in acute (ethanol and indomethacin) and chronic (acetic acid) ulcer ...
Moore Amy - - 2011
The suitability of insulating highly crystalline diamond particles as support for Pd based electrocatalysts is explored for the first time by evaluating the electrochemical stripping of CO and oxidation of formic acid in acid solutions.
Yusuf Mohammad - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This study was hypothesized that salicylic acid elevates the level of antioxidant system that will protect plants from the stress generated by nickel and/or salinity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seeds of Brassica juncea were sown in sand amended with NiCl(2) (100 mg kg(-1)) and/or 15-day-old seedlings supplied for 3 days with NaCl (150 mM) ...
Göçer Hülya - - 2011
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a plant polyphenolic concentrated in honeybee propolis, has been found to be biologically active in a variety of pathways. The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidant activity of CAPE using different methods such as total antioxidant activity by the thiocyanate method, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic ...
Ajami Dariush - - 2011
ABSTRACT Hydrogen bonding is a key determinant of much macromolecular structure in nature but individu-al donor and acceptor pairs are rarely observed in solu-tion. Their weak interactions result in nanosecond life-times and rapid exchange of partners. Reversible en-capsulation isolates molecules in very small spaces for milliseconds to hours and allows ...
Pike Lisa S - - 2011
Normal differentiated cells rely primarily on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to maintain their viability and functions by using three major bioenergetic fuels: glucose, glutamine and fatty acids. Many cancer cells, however, rely on aerobic glycolysis for their growth and survival, and recent studies indicate that some ...
Mehrotra Anurag - - 2011
The present study was designed to evaluate the antinociceptive profile of caffeic acid in mice and rats. Caffeic acid (5-100mg/kg, p.o.), in a dose dependent manner inhibited acetic acid-induced writhing and late phase of formalin-induced pain in mice, with an ED(50) of 22.38 and 10.92mg/kg, respectively. However, caffeic acid was ...
Ozyurt Dilek - - 2011
A Ce(IV)-based reducing capacity (CERAC) assay was developed to measure the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of foods, in which Ce(IV) would selectively oxidize antioxidant compounds but not citric acid and reducing sugars which are not classified as antioxidants. The method is based on the electron-transfer (ET) reaction between Ce(IV) ion ...
Fan Xiaoqing - - 2011
This paper describes the synthesis of CdTe quantum dots (QDs) together capped by glutathione and thioglycolic acid (GSH and TGA) in aqueous solution. The narrow photoluminescence (fwhm≤40nm) CdTe QDs, whose emission spans most of the visible spectrum from green through red, has a quantum yield (QY) of 68% at room ...
Kumar M - - 2011
FTIR and Raman spectra of nicotinic acid and its N-oxide have been recorded and analyzed. The stabilities, optimized molecular geometries, APT charges and vibrational characteristics for the two possible conformers of nicotinic acid and its N-oxide have been computed using DFT method. The E (trans) conformers of both the molecules ...
Thiel Kerstin - - 2011
The formation of CuCl nanoplatelets from the ionic liquid precursor (ILP) butylpyridinium tetrachlorocuprate [C(4)Py](2)[CuCl(4)] using ascorbic acid as a reducing agent was investigated. In particular, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to evaluate the interaction between ascorbic acid and the Cu(ii) ion before reduction to Cu(i). EPR spectroscopy suggests ...
Pates George O - - 2011
The reactivity of 10 charged phenyl radicals toward several amino acids was examined in the gas phase in a dual-cell Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. All radicals abstract a hydrogen atom from the amino acids, as expected. The most electrophilic radicals (with the greatest calculated vertical electron affinities ...
Seguineau Catherine - - 2011
In a previous study, dietary supplementation with arachidonic acid (ARA) to oysters Crassostrea gigas increased haemocyte numbers, phagocytosis, and production of reactive oxygen species level (ROS) by haemocytes (Delaporte et al., 2006). To assess if the observed stimulation of these cellular responses resulted from changes of ARA-related prostaglandin (PG) production, ...
Kurochkina Natalya - - 2011
Helix-helix parallel interfaces can be characterized by certain combinations of amino acids, which repeatedly occur at core positions a and d (leucine zipper nomenclature) in homologous and nonhomologous proteins and influence interhelical angles. Applied for the prediction of interhelical angles in glutathione S-transferase, intracellular chloride channel and annexin molecules from ...
Morita Masao - - 2011
The antioxidative activity of secocyclolignanes was compared with that of the corresponding dibenzyl lignans for the first time. The radical scavenging activity of the secocyclolignanes was weaker than that of the corresponding dibenzyl lignans, the butane diol type showing the highest activity. The butane type of secocyclolignane exhibited the highest ...
Santos-Zea Liliana - - 2011
The phenolic, flavonoid and antioxidant contents of methanol extracts of nine samples of Mexican cactus (Opuntia spp.) cladodes processed into flours were studied. O. undulata contained the highest amount of phenols (905.08±64.51 µg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g). The ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) of the cladode flour extracts indicated that ...
Amaki Kanako - - 2011
Chlorogenic acid (CQA) is one of the major polyphenols in apple and a good substrate for the polyphenol oxidase (PPO) in apple. Apple contains catechins as well as CQA, and the role of CQA quinone and its interaction with catechins in the enzymatic browning of apple were examined. Browning was ...
Nishizawa Rena - - 2011
Based on the original spirodiketopiperazine design framework, further optimization of an orally available CCR5 antagonist was undertaken. Structural hybridization of the hydroxylated analog 4 derived from one of the oxidative metabolites and the new orally available non-hydroxylated benzoic acid analog 5 resulted in another potent orally available CCR5 antagonist 6a ...
Davidov-Pardo Gabriel - - 2011
The thermal modifications kinetics of a commercial GSE was investigated. A GSE was exposed to 60, 90 and 120 ºC, during 5, 10, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes. The antioxidant activity (AA) and the absorbance at 420 nm (A420) were measured. Catechin, epicatechin, procyanidin B1 and B2 and gallic ...
Le Borgne Françoise - - 2011
The peroxisomal beta oxidation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) leads to the formation of medium chain acyl-CoAs such as octanoyl-CoA. Today, it seems clear that the exit of shortened fatty acids produced by the peroxisomal beta oxidation requires their conversion into acyl-carnitine and the presence of the carnitine ...
Garcia Martha C - - 2011
The range of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes simple hepatic steatosis, the inflammatory non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis. The accumulation of specific lipids in hepatocytes has been associated with oxidative stress and progression of the disease. Elevated serum free fatty acids and hepatocyte lipotoxicity can be studied in ...
Karthikeyan Subburayan - - 2011
Radiotherapy may be effectively combined with plant derived radiosensitizers. Ferulic acid, a naturally occurring phenolic acid, has been reported to have free radical producing properties. In the present study, the radiosensitisation potential of ferulic acid has been tested in two cervical cancer cell lines (HeLa and ME-180) in vitro. Percentage ...
Kolar Satya - - 2011
The combination of fish oil-derived docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (22:6; omega 3 [n-3]) and butyrate (4:0), a fiber fermentation product, synergized to enhance colonocyte apoptosis by inducing a p53-independent, oxidation sensitive, mitochondrial Ca(2+) -dependent (intrinsic) pathway. In this study, the authors probed the specificity of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid ...
El-Mowafy A M - - 2011
The omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is a superb nature's medicine, with still unfolding health benefits. Because hepatotoxicity is a prominent adverse drug reaction, we currently attempted a new approach in which EPA was challenged to both alleviate hepatotoxicity and provide synergy with anticonvulsant effects of valproate (VPA). Besides, ...
Mukherjee Arunima - - 2011
Reactivity switching and selective activation of C-1 or C-3 in 2,3-unsaturated thioglycosides, namely, 2,3-dideoxy-1-thio-d-hex-2-enopyranosides are reported. The reactivity switching allowed activation of either C-1 or C-3, with the use of either N-iodosuccinimide (NIS)/triflic acid (TfOH) or TfOH alone. C-1 glycosylation with alcohol acceptors occurred in the presence of NIS/TfOH, without ...
Bala Rajni - - 2011
Phytoremediation of Cr(VI) by Spirodela polyrrhiza in binary combinations with low molecular weight organic compounds (LMWOCs) with a reducing or chelating potential, viz., ascorbic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, oxalic acid, lactic acid, and glycerol was studied in Cr(VI) containing hydroponic media. Significant increase in the relative dry weight of ...
Zhang Ziping - - 2011
2-O-β-D-Glucopyranosyl-L-ascorbic acid (AA-2βG) is a natural derivative of vitamin C (Lascorbic acid, AA) isolated from Goji berry (Lycium barbarum L.) fruit. We evaluated the antioxidant activities of AA-2βG and AA using in vitro and in vivo model systems. In vitro radical scavenging assays demonstrated that AA-βG was capable of scavenging ...
Sritularak Boonchoo - - 2011
From the aerial parts of Dendrobium secundum, a new bibenzyl, namely 4,5,4'-trihydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxybibenzyl, was isolated, along with four known compounds which included brittonin A, moscatilin, syringaresinol, and ferulic acid. All of these isolates showed appreciable DPPH free radical scavenging potential, except for brittonin A, which was devoid of activity.
Roos Goedele - - 2011
Protein sulfenic acid formation has long been regarded as unwanted damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, over the past 10years, accumulating evidence has shown that the reversible oxidation of cysteine thiol groups to sulfenic acid functions as a redox-based signal transduction mechanism. Here, we review the mechanisms of ...
Kapich Alexander N - - 2011
The peroxidation of C18 unsaturated fatty acids by fungal manganese peroxidase (MnP)/Mn(II) and by chelated Mn(III) was studied with application of three different methods: by monitoring oxygen consumption, by measuring conjugated dienes and by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) formation. All tested polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were oxidized by MnP in ...
Parmar Arpan - - 2011
The solubilization of four phenolic antioxidants, namely p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBAA), syringic acid, sinapic acid, and quercetin in micelles of an ethylene oxide (EO)-propylene oxide (PO) triblock copolymer Pluronic(®) P104 (EO(27)-PO(61)-EO(27), PPO mol wt=3540, % PEO=40) was examined at different temperatures, pHs, and in the presence of sodium chloride. The nano-size ...
Delgado Francisco J - - 2011
Free fatty acids (FFA) and lipid and protein oxidation changes were studied throughout maturation process of a raw goat milk cheese with protected designation of origin. Cheeses were analyzed at 4 different times of maturation, at 1, 30, 60, and 90 d. All FFA significantly increased during maturation and the ...
Rajendran Praveen - - 2011
There is growing interest in the epigenetic mechanisms that are dysregulated in cancer and other human pathologies. Under this broad umbrella, modulators of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity have gained interest as both cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic agents. Of the first generation, FDA-approved HDAC inhibitors to have progressed to clinical trials, ...
Pan Wei-gao - - 2011
Using a bioassay-guided fractionation technique, two compounds were isolated from the roots of Incarvillea younghusbandii Sprague through silica gel, reverse-phase C18 column chromatography and reverse-phase HPLC. Their structures were identified as acteoside (1) and isoacteoside (2) by ESI-MS, GC-MS, 1D- and 2D-NMR. 1 and 2 showed *OH scavenging capacity similar ...
Garcia Maira Moreno - - 2011
Cardiomyopathies occur by mechanisms that involve inherited and acquired metabolic disorders. Both folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies are associated with left ventricular dysfunction, but mechanisms that underlie these associations are not known. However, folate and vitamin B12 are methyl donors needed for the synthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, the substrate required for ...
Giliano N Ya - - 2011
The intracellular levels of superoxide O(2)(-)and nitric oxide NO were directly measured under intravital conditions in cultured human endotheliocytes ECV 304 and carcinoma cells HeLa G-63. Comparative analysis of changes in the intracellular levels of superoxide and NO induced by ascorbic acid revealed a negative correlation between NO and O(2)(-)levels, ...
Sayed Ahmed A R - - 2011
Objectives  Ferulsinaic acid is the first member of a new rearranged class of sesquiterpene coumarins of the genus Ferula. The genus Ferula can be used for the treatment of skin infections, hysteria and for stomach disorders, such as a febrifuge and a carminative agent. The effect of ferulsinaic acid on ...
Jang Seok-Young - - 2011
A methanol extract of Houttuynia cordata showed an inhibitory effect on mammalian DNA topoisomerase I. Two topoisomerase I inhibitory compounds were purified and identified as caffeic acid and quercitrin. Caffeic acid and quercitrin inhibited the activity of topoisomerase I with IC(50) values of about 0.15 and 0.05 mM, respectively. A ...
Frontela Carmen - - 2011
the enrichment of fruit juices with concentrated polyphenolic extracts is an expedient strategy to compensate possible phenolic loss through gastrointestinal processing. Pycnogenol, a standardised procyanidin-rich extract from pine bark, has been proposed as a potential candidate for polyphenol enrichment of foods. In this study the effects of in vitro digestion ...
Rawat Sandeep - - 2011
Crude extract of Myrica esculenta fruits, a wild edible species of Indian Himalayan Region, was evaluated for phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties. Results revealed significant variation in total phenolic and flavonoid contents across populations. Among populations, total phenolic content varied between 1.78 and 2.51 mg gallic acid equivalent/g fresh weight (fw) ...
Duplancic Darko - - 2011
Determination of the relative contribution of uric acid level increases to the total measured antioxidative activity could be very useful for testing antioxidative products and their effect on human health. The aim of this report is to present a simple spectrophotometric method that combines the measurement of total antioxidative capacity ...
Guo Xu-Dan - - 2011
Two tartary buckwheat samples (Xingku No.2 and Diqing) grown at three locations were analyzed for free and bound phenolic content and antioxidant properties. Moreover, the relative contributions of variety and growing environment to phenolic content and antioxidant properties were determined, as well as correlations of these properties to growing conditions. ...
Moribe Kunikazu - - 2011
Drug nanoparticle formulation using ascorbic acid derivatives and its therapeutic uses have recently been introduced. Hydrophilic ascorbic acid derivatives such as ascorbyl glycoside have been used not only as antioxidants but also as food and pharmaceutical excipients. In addition to drug solubilization, drug nanoparticle formation was observed using ascorbyl glycoside. ...
Okada Yoshiharu - - 2011
Fatty acids of Euterpe oleracea Mart seeds were analyzed in hexane and diethyl ether extracts. The hexane extract contained dodecanoic acid (3), tetradecanoic acid (4), hexadecanoic acid (7), and 9-octadecenoic acid (10). The diethyl ether extract contained (10). The oil of Mart seeds was obtained firstly by methanol extract and ...
Kurhalyuk N - - 2011
In the present work we evaluated the effect of ulcerative dermal necrosis (UDN) syndrome on resistance of erythrocytes to haemolytic agents and lipid peroxidation level in the blood from brown trout (Salmo trutta m. trutta L.). Results showed that lipid peroxidation increased in erythrocytes, as evidenced by high thiobarbituric acid ...
Sousa Anabela - - 2011
Commercial stoned table olives named "alcaparras" from Trás-os-Montes (Portugal) were chemically characterized. During three consecutive years (2004-2006) 30 samples (10 per year) were examined for their nutritional value (moisture, crude protein, total fat, ash, carbohydrates, and energy), with a detailed report of the fatty acids and tocopherols composition. Water was ...
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