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Results 351 - 400 of 1555
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Pietrancosta Nicolas - - 2012
Secondary active transporters from the SLC17 protein family are required for excitatory and purinergic synaptic transmission, sialic acid metabolism, and renal function, and several members are associated with inherited neurological or metabolic diseases. However, molecular tools to investigate their function or correct their genetic defects are limited or absent. Using ...
Arivarasu N A - - 2012
We have previously shown that a single oral dose of potassium dichromate results in a decrease in the activities of several brush border membrane enzymes, produces oxidative stress, and alters the activities of several antioxidant enzymes in the small intestine of rats. In the present study, we have investigated the ...
Stocker P - - 2012
The mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a carcinogenic food contaminant which is metabolically activated by epoxydation. The metabolism of mycotoxins via the mercapturate metabolic pathway was shown, in general, to lead to their detoxication. Mercapturic acids thus formed (S-substitued-N-acetyl-l-cysteines) may be accumulated in the kidney and either excreted in the ...
Mallakpour Shadpour - - 2012
In the present work, several novel optically active nanostructure poly(amide-imide)s (PAI)s were synthesized via step-growth polymerization reaction of chiral diacids based on pyromellitic dianhydride-derived dicarboxylic acids containing different natural amino acids such as L: -alanine, S-valine, L: -leucine, L: -isoleucine, L: -methionine, and L: -phenylalanine with 2-(3,5-diaminophenyl)-benzimidazole under green conditions ...
Wang Anming - - 2012
To improve the properties of the immobilised 2-deoxy-D: -ribose-5-phosphate aldolase (DERA), unreacted functional groups on support surface were blocked with amino acids. The relative activities of the immobilised enzyme were 144.7 and 141.9% when the post-immobilisation modification was done with Arg and Phe, respectively. The residual activity of immobilised DERA ...
Takahashi Toshiyuki - - 2012
The inhibitory effects of the synthetic serotonin analogues (1-8) on COX (1 and 2) were evaluated. Two serotonin derivatives (4 and 8) showed inhibitory effect of COX (1 and 2). Especially, 4 exhibited excellent inhibitions on COX-2 with extremely high potency (IC(50)=42.5μM). The inhibitory activities of cinnamic acid derivatives and ...
Khayoon M S - - 2012
Methyl esters were synthesized from crude karanj oil (CKO) by single step esterification with methanol using sulfuric acid (H(2)SO(4)) and phosphoric acid (H(3)PO(4)) as catalysts in a homogeneous batch process. H(3)PO(4) was less active than H(2)SO(4) during the process as it presented very low ester yields (<20%) for the various ...
Huang Jiahn-Dar - - 2012
Sterculic acid is a cyclopropene fatty acid with numerous biological activities. In this study we demonstrate that sterculic acid is a potent inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and related inflammation caused by 7-ketocholesterol (7KCh). 7KCh is a highly toxic oxysterol suspected in the pathogenesis of various age-related diseases such ...
Hirao Shotaro - - 2012
Bioassay-guided fractionation of a methanol extract of the brown alga, Ishige sinicola, led to the isolation of five algicidal compounds. Their structures were determined to be α-monoglycerides of eicosa-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-tetraenoic (arachidonic) acid, octadeca-6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z-tetraenoic acid, linoleic acid and oleic acid, and 1-O-palmitoyl-3-O-(6-sulfo-α-D-quinovopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol on the basis of spectroscopic data and a comparison with ...
Cheng Lei - - 2012
Previous studies have developed calcium phosphate and fluoride releasing composites. Other studies have incorporated chlorhexidine (CHX) particles into dental composites. However, CHX has not been incorporated in calcium phosphate and fluoride composites. The objectives of this study were to develop nanocomposites containing amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) or calcium fluoride (CaF(2)) ...
Faridoon - - 2012
Purple acid phosphatases (PAPs) are binuclear metallohydrolases that have a multitude of biological functions and are found in fungi, bacteria, plants and animals. In mammals, PAP activity is linked with bone resorption and over-expression can lead to bone disorders such as osteoporosis. PAP is therefore an attractive target for the ...
Förster Charlotte - - 2012
'Locked nucleic acids' (LNAs) are sugar modified nucleic acids containing the 2'-O-4'C-methylene-β-d-ribofuranoses. The substitution of RNAs with LNAs leads to an enhanced thermostability. Aptamers are nucleic acids, which are selected for specific target binding from a large library pool by the 'SELEX' method. Introduction of modified nucleic acids into aptamers ...
Kasuya Fumiyo - - 2012
Effect of eleven non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the acyl-CoA synthetase activities toward octanoic, palmitic, arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids was evaluated in mouse liver and brain mitochondria. The drugs tested were aspirin, salicylic acid, diflunisal, mefenamic acid, indomethacin, etodolac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, loxoprofen, flurbiprofen. In mouse liver mitochondria, diflunisal and mefenamic ...
Yamamoto Yasunori - - 2012
The enantioselective synthesis of α-hydroxy esters by ruthenium-catalyzed 1,2-addition of arylboronic acids to tert-butyl glyoxylate is described. The use of RuCl(2)(PPh(3))(3) with (R,R)-Me-BIPAM gave optically active mandelic acids of up to 99% ee. Addition of a fluoride salt such as potassium fluoride (KF) or caesium fluoride (CsF) was effective for ...
Kellie Jennifer Lee - - 2012
M06-2X/6-31+G(d,p) is used to study the simultaneous effects of π-π stacking interactions with phenylalanine (modeled as benzene) and hydrogen bonding with small molecules (HF, H2O and NH3) on the N1 acidity of uracil and the hydrolytic deglycosylation of 2'-deoxyuridine (dU) (facilitated by fully (OH-) or partially (HCOO-•••H2O) activated water). When ...
Cheng Lei - - 2012
Calcium and phosphate ion-releasing resin composites are promising for remineralization. However, there has been no report on incorporating antibacterial agents to these composites. The objective of this study was to develop antibacterial and mechanically strong nanocomposites incorporating a quaternary ammonium dimethacrylate (QADM), nanoparticles of silver (NAg), and nanoparticles of amorphous ...
Nguyen Mai Ha Khoa - - 2012
From the MeOH extract of the heartwood of Artocapus altilis, thirteen phenolic compounds have been isolated, namely curcumin (1), desmethoxycurcumin (2), retrodihydrochalcone (3), apigenin (4), tangeretin (5), nobiletin (6), O-methyldehydrodieugenol (7), dehydrodieugenol (8), beta-hydroxypropiovanillone (9), p-coumaric acid (10), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (11), vanillin (12), and vanillic acid (13). This is the first ...
Demirezer Omur L - - 2012
From the aerial parts of Salvia trichoclada Bentham and S. verticillata L. one new and two known phenolic acids, 3-(3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-hydroxymethyl propionic acid (1), 3-(3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl) lactic acid (2), and rosmarinic acid (3); two flavonoids, apigenin 4'-methyl ether 7-O-glucuronide (4), and luteolin 7-O-beta glucuronide (5); two lupan type triterpene aglycones, lupeol (6), ...
Zhang Hui - - 2012
Fatty acids and derivatives (FADs) are resources for natural antimicrobials. In order to screen for additional potent antimicrobial agents, the antimicrobial activities of FADs against Staphylococcus aureus were examined using a microplate assay. Monoglycerides of fatty acids were the most potent class of fatty acids, among which monotridecanoin possessed the ...
Aromdee Chantana - - 2012
Andrographis paniculata Nees, Acanthaceae, is a well-recognised medicinal plant in Asia. It has been reported to possess a variety of biological activities. The main constituent of A. paniculata is andrographolide (Androg). Since the plant is known to treat many diseases, Androg was modified for many biological activities to treat and ...
García-Reynaga Pablo P Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, 800 East Kirkwood Avenue, Bloomington, Indiana 47505, - - 2012
The Pd- and Ni-promoted decarbonylation of amino acid thioesters proceeds smoothly to yield enamides. The synthesis of the (S)-(Z)-AviMeCys subunit of mersacidin, an MRSA-active lantibiotic, via this approach, is described.
Asrih Mohamed - - 2012
Stimulation of glucose transport in response to insulin or metabolic stress is an important determinant of cardiac myocyte function and survival, particularly during ischemia-reperfusion episodes. The impact of dyslipidemia and its consequence PPAR activation on stimulated glucose transport in cardiac myocytes remains unknown. Isolated adult rat cardiac myocytes were chronically ...
Hong Seong Su - - 2012
A new acetylenic acid, (10E,14Z)-9-oxooctadeca-10,14-dien-12-ynoic acid (1), was isolated from the edible mushroom Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius), together with a known acetylenic acid, (10E,14Z)-9-hydroxyoctadeca-10,14-dien-12-ynoic acid (2) and their structures were determined through analysis of NMR and mass data. The new acetylenic acid (1) specifically activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ with an ...
Hao Bing - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to isolate the active compounds responsible for the anthelmintic activity of methanol extract of Semen pharbitidis against Dactylogyrus intermedius in goldfish (Carassius auratus). The active methanol extract was fractionated on silica gel column chromatography in a bioassay-guided fractionation, eventually yielding two bioactive compounds: palmitic acid ...
Liu Yun-Tao - - 2012
Evaluation of the chemical composition and antihyperglycemic and antioxidant activity of five wild edible mushrooms (Clitocybe maxima, Catathelasma ventricosum, Stropharia rugoso-annulata, Craterellus cornucopioides and Laccaria amethystea) from Southwest China. The chemical composition assay includes proximate analysis (moisture, ash, crude protein, crude fat, total carbohydrates and total energy), bioactive compounds analysis ...
Tai Tatsuya - - 2012
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) plays the central role in the degradation of bioactive N-acylethanolamines such as the endocannabinoid arachidonoylethanolamide (anandamide) in brain and peripheral tissues. A lysosomal enzyme referred to as N-acylethanolamine-hydrolyzing acid amidase (NAAA) catalyzes the same reaction with preference to palmitoylethanolamide, an endogenous analgesic and neuroprotective substance, ...
Kumar Ambrish - - 2012
Acyl carrier protein (ACP) is a small acidic protein, an important cofactor involved in fatty acid biosynthesis. Its main function is to protect the growing acyl chain from the hydrophilic environment during fatty acid biosynthesis and simultaneously, present it to the active site of fatty acid pathway enzymes, liable for ...
Verma Sristi - - 2012
Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy is a perennial wild herb commonly found on sandy & rocky areas under xerophytic conditions in northern India. It is a reputed drug of ayurveda and reported to posses antioxidant, brain tonic, nervine tonic, laxative and has been used in anxiety, neurosis, epilepsy, insomnia, burning sensation, oedema ...
Lu Hui - - 2012
Ganoderma lucidum extracts or isolated components have been shown previously to acquire many potential biochemical and pharmacological activities, including cancer preventive or antitumor effects. The supercritical fluid extracts of Ganoderma lucidum (total component, TC) and its acid component (AC) and neutral component (NC), were evaluated in vitro and in vivo ...
Cho Jun-Cheol - - 2012
We synthesized cinnamate derivatives of kojic acid for use as depigmenting agents by various esterification methods. The cinnamate of 5-position of kojic acid (6) was obtained by EDC coupling, DCC coupling, acid chloride, and mixed anhydride methods. To obtain the cinnamate of the 2-position of kojic acid (7), we carried ...
Poulsen Lars la Cour - - 2012
The peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors that play key roles in the regulation of lipid metabolism, inflammation, cellular growth, and differentiation. The receptors bind and are activated by a broad range of fatty acids and fatty acid derivatives and they thereby serve as major transcriptional sensors of ...
Gütsch Jenny Sabrina - - 2012
Three different acids (acetic, oxalic and sulfuric acid) were tested for their catalytic activity during the pretreatment of Eucalyptus globulus wood comparatively to autohydrolysis in order to extract valuable products prior to kraft pulping and to reduce lignin precipitation in the pretreatment step. The utilization of oxalic and sulfuric acid ...
Sankaranarayanan Sivashunmugam - - 2012
Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) were produced from edible, non-edible and used cooking oils with different fatty acid contents by transesterification with methanol using calcined layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as solid base catalysts. Among the catalysts, calcined CaAl2-LDH (hydrocalumite) showed the highest activity with >90% yield of FAME using low ...
Akladios Fady N - - 2012
Herein we report 6-ethoxy-6-oxo-5-(2-phenylhydrazono) hexanoic acid and 3-(2-carboxyethyl)-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid derivatives as synthetically accessible leads for human kynurenine aminotransferase-I (KAT-I) inhibitors. In total, 12 compounds were synthesized and their biological activities were determined using the HPLC-UV based KAT-I inhibition assay. Of the 12 compounds synthesized, 10 were found to inhibit human ...
Anu Prathap M U - - 2012
In this paper, we report on the amino acids-/citric acid-/tartaric acid-assisted morphologically controlled hydrothermal synthesis of micro-/nanostructured crystalline copper oxides (CuO). These oxides were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction, nitrogen sorption, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, and UV-visible spectroscopy. The surface area of metal oxides depends on the ...
Epifano Francesco - - 2012
y for treatment of CRC and on novel prodrugs of 4'-geranyloxyferulic acid and auraptene that were shown to be efficient in vivo as dietary feeding colon cancer chemopreventers in mice.
Szajnman Sergio H SH Departamento de Química Orgánica and UMYMFOR (CONICET-FCEyN), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 2, Ciudad Universitaria, C1428EHA, Buenos Aires, - - 2012
α-Fluorinated-1,1-bisphosphonic acids derived from fatty acids were designed, synthesized and biologically evaluated against Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas disease, and against Toxoplasma gondii, the agent responsible for toxoplasmosis, and also towards the target parasitic enzymes farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase of T. cruzi (TcFPPS) and T. gondii (TgFPPS). Interestingly, 1-fluorononylidene-1,1-bisphosphonic ...
Zhang Huili - - 2012
A new exogenous glutamic acid-independent γ-PGA producing strain was isolated and characterized as Bacillus subtilis C10. The factors influencing the endogenous glutamic acid supply and the biosynthesis of γ-PGA in this strain were investigated. The results indicated that citric acid and oxalic acid showed the significant capability to support the ...
Al-Taweel Areej Mohammad - - 2012
Nine compounds have been isolated for the first time from Celtis africana, namely trans-N-coumaroyltyramine (1), trans-N-feruloyltyramine (2), trans-N-caffeoyltyramine (3), lauric acid (4), oleic acid (5), palmitic acid (6), lupeol (7), β-sitosterol (8) and oleanolic acid (9), respectively. Their structures have been elucidated by different spectroscopic techniques. The isolated compounds were ...
Aoshima Hiroaki - - 2012
Eight new caffeic acid oligomers, clinopodic acids J-Q (1-8), were isolated from whole plants of Clinopodium gracile, together with nine known caffeic acid oligomers. The caffeic acid oligomers with two to four dihydrobenzofuran rings were isolated as natural products for the first time. Clinopodic acid M (4) showed the strongest ...
Ahmad Zuraini - - 2012
The amino acid and fatty acid composition of polypeptide k and oil isolated from the seeds of <em>Momordica charantia</em> was analysed. The analysis revealed polypeptide k contained 9 out of 11 essential amino acids, among a total of 18 types of amino acids. Glutamic acid, aspartic acid, arginine and glycine ...
Yao Yang - - 2012
Interest in edible beans as nutraceuticals is increasing. In the present study, the individual phenolic acids, the total phenolic content (TPC), the total flavonoid content (TFC), and the antioxidant and antidiabetic potential of 13 varieties of rice beans from China were investigated. Eight phenolic compounds (catechin, epicatechin, p-coumaric acid, ferulic ...
Okoye Theophine Chinwuba - - 2012
Root bark preparation of Annona senegalensis Pers. (Annonaceae) is used in Nigerian ethnomedicine for treatment of infectious diseases. Extraction of the A. senegalensis powdered root bark with methanol-methylene chloride (1 : 1) mixture yielded the methanol-methylene extract (MME) which was fractionated to obtain the ethyl acetate fraction (EF). The EF on further ...
Das M - - 2012
Objectives: The present community-based cross-sectional study was aimed to study the interaction of physical activity level (PAL) and metabolic syndrome (MS) among the adult Asian Indians. Methods: A total of 448 adult (> 30 years) individuals (males and females) inhabiting in and around Calcutta, India participated in the study. Anthropometric ...
Liu Mingchuan - - 2012
An activity-directed fractionation and purification process was used to isolate antitumor compounds from the roots of <em>Belamcanda chinensis </em>(L.) DC. The ethyl acetate extract showed greater antitumor activities than the other extracts, consequently leading to the isolation of 18 compounds identified as <em>b-</em>sitosterol (<strong>1</strong>), dausterol (<strong>2</strong>), quercetin (<strong>3</strong>), kampferol (<strong>4</strong>), ...
Sani Ismaila Muhammad - - 2012
The influence of both acidic and basic hydrolysis on the yield, total phenolic content and antioxidative capacity of methanolic extract of germinated brown rice (GBR) was studied. Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) radical cation scavenging, and ferric reducing antioxidant power ...
Rozema E - - 2012
Chinese herbal medicinal (CHM) extracts from fourteen plants were investigated in cell-based in vitro assays for their effect on nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), a key regulator of inflammation, as well as on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) being key regulators of genes involved in lipid and glucose metabolism. 43% of the ...
Feás Xesús - - 2012
Organic bee pollen (BP, n = 22) harvested from the Douro International Natural Park (DINP, Portugal) was studied. Nine botanical families were found in the mixture of the samples. The water activity and pH ranged 0.21-0.37 and 4.3-5.2, respectively. The BP analyses averaged 67.7% carbohydrates, 21.8% crude protein, 5.2% crude ...
Myose Michiko - - 2012
The MeOH extract of the seeds of Camellia sinensis (L.) KUNTZE gave twelve new saponins (1-12) along with ten known saponins (13-22). These saponins (1-22) showed stronger hyaluronidase inhibitory activity than the positive control, rosmarinic acid.
Iqbal Shahid - - 2012
In this study, leaves of three indigenous varieties of Mulberry namely, Morus alba L., Morus nigra L. and Morus rubra L. were investigated for their antioxidant potential and their proximate composition was determined. The yields of 80% methanolic extracts ranged between 8.28-13.89%. The contents of total phenolics (TPC), total flavonoids ...
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